keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Base excess

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343067/reading-problems-and-major-mental-disorders-co-occurrences-and-familial-overlaps-in-a-swedish-nationwide-cohort
#1
Martin Cederlöf, Barbara Maughan, Henrik Larsson, Brian M D'Onofrio, Robert Plomin
Reading problems often co-occur with ADHD and conduct disorder. However, the patterns of co-occurrence and familial overlap between reading problems and other psychiatric disorders have not been systematically explored. We conducted a register-based cohort study including 8719 individuals with reading problems and their siblings, along with matched comparison individuals. Conditional logistic regressions estimated risks for ADHD, autism, obsessive-compulsive disorder, anorexia nervosa, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, substance use disorder, and violent/non-violent criminality in individuals with reading problems and their siblings...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343059/internal-cycling-not-external-loading-decides-the-nutrient-limitation-in-eutrophic-lake-a-dynamic-model-with-temporal-bayesian-hierarchical-inference
#2
Zhen Wu, Yong Liu, Zhongyao Liang, Sifeng Wu, Huaicheng Guo
Lake eutrophication is associated with excessive anthropogenic nutrients (mainly nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P)) and unobserved internal nutrient cycling. Despite the advances in understanding the role of external loadings, the contribution of internal nutrient cycling is still an open question. A dynamic mass-balance model was developed to simulate and measure the contributions of internal cycling and external loading. It was based on the temporal Bayesian Hierarchical Framework (BHM), where we explored the seasonal patterns in the dynamics of nutrient cycling processes and the limitation of N and P on phytoplankton growth in hyper-eutrophic Lake Dianchi, China...
March 19, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342413/efficacies-of-biochar-and-biochar-based-amendment-on-vegetable-yield-and-nitrogen-utilization-in-four-consecutive-planting-seasons
#3
Hefang Wang, Hao Zheng, Zhixiang Jiang, Yanhui Dai, Guocheng Liu, Lei Chen, Xianxiang Luo, Minhui Liu, Zhenyu Wang
Biochar has been suggested as a potential tailored technology for mediating soil conditions and improving crop yields. However, the efficacies of biochar and biochar-based amendments (e.g., composted biochar) in agricultural soils under a rotation system remain uncertain. In this study, an arable soil was subjected to peanut shell biochar (PBC) and biochar-based amendment (PAD) combined with or without nitrogen (N) fertilizer to evaluate their effects on vegetable yield, N bioavailability, and their relative contribution to vegetable biomass in four consecutive planting seasons...
March 22, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342308/shape-selective-catalysis-and-surface-enhanced-raman-scattering-studies-using-ag-nanocubes-nanospheres-and-aggregated-anisotropic-nanostructures
#4
Subrata Kundu, Wei Dai, Yunyun Chen, Lian Ma, Yuan Yue, Alexander M Sinyukov, Hong Liang
Three morphologies of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) such as nanocubes, aggregated anisotropic Ag NPs, and nanospheres were prepared using polystyrene sulfonate (PSS) and citrate as stabilizing agents utilizing a simple wet-chemical and microwave heating route respectively. Ag nanocubes were prepared within one min through microwave heating whereas anisotropic Ag NPs and spherical Ag NPs via 5 and 30min of normal stirring at room temperature (RT) respectively. The shape effect of three different morphologies of Ag NPs were examined in catalysis reaction and in surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) studies...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340368/synthesis-molecular-docking-antimycobacterial-and-antimicrobial-evaluation-of-new-pyrrolo-3-2-c-pyridine-mannich-bases
#5
Gilish Jose, Tholappanavara H Suresha Kumara, Haliwana B V Sowmya, Dharmarajan Sriram, Tayur N Guru Row, Amar A Hosamani, Sunil S More, Bhavya Janardhan, B G Harish, Sandeep Telkar, Yalegara Siddappa Ravikumar
In this report, we describe the synthesis and biological evaluation of a new series of pyrrolo[3,2-c]pyridine Mannich bases (7a-v). The Mannich bases were obtained in good yields by one-pot three component condensation of pyrrolo[3,2-c]pyridine scaffold (6a-c) with secondary amines and excess of formaldehyde solution in AcOH. The chemical structures of the compounds were characterized by (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, LC/MS and elemental analysis. Single crystal X-ray diffraction has been recorded for compound 7k ([C23H29ClN4](+2), H2O)...
March 16, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340239/hypertension-in-dialysis-patients-a-consensus-document-by-the-european-renal-and-cardiovascular-medicine-eureca-m-working-group-of-the-european-renal-association-european-dialysis-and-transplant-association-era-edta-and-the-hypertension-and-the-kidney-working
#6
Pantelis A Sarafidis, Alexandre Persu, Rajiv Agarwal, Michel Burnier, Peter de Leeuw, Charles J Ferro, Jean-Michel Halimi, Gunnar H Heine, Michel Jadoul, Faical Jarraya, Mehmet Kanbay, Francesca Mallamaci, Patrick B Mark, Alberto Ortiz, Gianfranco Parati, Roberto Pontremoli, Patrick Rossignol, Luis Ruilope, Patricia Van der Niepen, Raymond Vanholder, Marianne C Verhaar, Andrzej Wiecek, Gregoire Wuerzner, Gérard M London, Carmine Zoccali
In patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) treated with haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis, hypertension is common and often poorly controlled. Blood pressure (BP) recordings obtained before or after haemodialysis display a J- or U-shaped association with cardiovascular events and survival, but this most likely reflects the low accuracy of these measurements and the peculiar haemodynamic setting related to dialysis treatment. Elevated BP detected by home or ambulatory BP monitoring is clearly associated with shorter survival...
March 13, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339837/vitamin-d-treatment-attenuates-cardiac-fgf23-fgfr4-signaling-and-hypertrophy-in-uremic-rats
#7
Maren Leifheit-Nestler, Alexander Grabner, Laura Hermann, Beatrice Richter, Karin Schmitz, Dagmar-Christiane Fischer, Christopher Yanucil, Christian Faul, Dieter Haffner
Background.: Vitamin D deficiency and excess of circulating fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) contribute to cardiovascular mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). FGF23 activates FGF receptor 4 and (FGFR4) calcineurin/nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) signaling in cardiac myocytes, thereby causing left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Here, we determined if 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (calcitriol) inhibits FGF23-induced cardiac signaling and LVH. Methods...
February 23, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339339/use-of-dietary-supplements-improved-diet-quality-but-not-cardiovascular-and-nutritional-biomarkers-in-socioeconomically-diverse-african-american-and-white-adults
#8
Marie Fanelli Kuczmarski, May A Beydoun, Emily Stave Shupe, Ryan T Pohlig, Alan B Zonderman, Michele K Evans
Knowledge of the contribution of supplements to overall nutritional health is limited. The research objectives were to describe motivations for use of dietary supplements by African Americans and Whites examined in the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span (HANDLS) study and to determine if supplements provided beneficial effects to micronutrient diet quality and nutritional and cardiovascular biomarkers. The majority of the HANDLS study population were smokers, overweight or obese, and self-reported their health as poor to good...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339261/ultimate-precision-of-adaptive-noise-estimation
#9
Stefano Pirandola, Cosmo Lupo
We consider the estimation of noise parameters in a quantum channel, assuming the most general strategy allowed by quantum mechanics. This is based on the exploitation of unlimited entanglement and arbitrary quantum operations, so that the channel inputs may be interactively updated. In this general scenario, we draw a novel connection between quantum metrology and teleportation. In fact, for any teleportation-covariant channel (e.g., Pauli, erasure, or Gaussian channel), we find that adaptive noise estimation cannot beat the standard quantum limit, with the quantum Fisher information being determined by the channel's Choi matrix...
March 10, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339016/paeonol-ameliorates-imiquimod-induced-psoriasis-like-skin-lesions-in-balb-c-mice-by-inhibiting-the-maturation-and-activation-of-dendritic-cells
#10
Yujiao Meng, Mingxing Wang, Xiangjiang Xie, Tingting Di, Jingxia Zhao, Yan Lin, Xiaolong Xu, Ningfei Li, Yating Zhai, Yan Wang, Ping Li
Paeonol, an active component derived from the traditional Chinese medicine Cortex Moutan, possesses anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antioxidant and anti-allergic properties. Psoriasis is a chronic, recurrent, inflammatory dermatosis accompanied by excessive activation of Toll‑like receptors (TLRs) in dendritic cells (DCs), which are primarily responsible for initiating an immune response. We investigated the effect of paeonol on inflammation in an imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis-like mouse model and murine bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) stimulated by R848...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338158/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-duodenal-injury-and-fistula
#11
Kunmei Gong, Shikui Guo, Kunhua Wang
Duodenal injury is a serious abdominal organ injury. Duodenal fistula is one of the most serious complications in gastrointestinal surgery, which is concerned for its critical status, difficulty in treatment and high mortality. Thoracic and abdominal compound closed injury and a small part of open injury are common causes of duodenal injury. Iatrogenic or traumatic injury, malnutrition, cancer, tuberculosis, Crohn's disease etc. are common causes of duodenal fistula, however, there has been still lacking of ideal diagnosis and treatment by now...
March 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337628/study-of-plasma-off-gas-treatment-from-spent-ion-exchange-resin-pyrolysis
#12
Hernán Ariel Castro, Vittorio Luca, Hugo Luis Banchi
Polystyrene divinylbenzene-based ion exchange resins are employed extensively within nuclear power plants (NPPs) and research reactors for purification and chemical control of the cooling water system. To maintain the highest possible water quality, the resins are regularly replaced as they become contaminated with a range of isotopes derived from compromised fuel elements as well as corrosion and activation products including (14)C, (60)Co, (90)Sr, (129)I, and (137)Cs. Such spent resins constitute a major proportion (in volume terms) of the solid radioactive waste generated by the nuclear industry...
March 23, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337577/native-american-vietnam-era-veterans-access-to-va-healthcare-vulnerability-and-resilience-in-two-montana-reservation-communities
#13
Carol J Ward, Michael R Cope, Lindsey Elmont
As a growing segment of the military, Native Americans are expected to increase enrollment in Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare. Currently, 20% of Native American veterans are aged 65-74, which means they served during the Vietnam era. This study explores the experiences of rural American Indian veterans from two Montana reservations with accessing VA health services. Utilizing detailed data obtained in focus group and individual interviews, we examine the experiences, attitudes, barriers and needs of rural Vietnam-era veterans...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337570/economics-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#14
REVIEW
Luke Rudmik
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objective of this article is to provide an updated review of the economic burden of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and discuss how both medical and surgical interventions impact direct and indirect costs related to CRS. By understanding the economics of CRS, clinicians may improve the patient-centeredness of their care and help distinguish between low and high value interventions. RECENT FINDINGS: Direct costs related to CRS are primarily driven by outpatient physician visits, prescription medical therapy, and endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS)...
April 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337441/pentoxifylline-regulates-plasminogen-activator-inhibitor-1-expression-and-protein-kinase-a-phosphorylation-in-radiation-induced-lung-fibrosis
#15
Jong-Geol Lee, Sehwan Shim, Min-Jung Kim, Jae Kyung Myung, Won-Suk Jang, Chang-Hwan Bae, Sun-Joo Lee, Kyeong Min Kim, Young-Woo Jin, Seung-Sook Lee, Sunhoo Park
Purpose. Radiation-induced lung fibrosis (RILF) is a serious late complication of radiotherapy. In vitro studies have demonstrated that pentoxifylline (PTX) has suppressing effects in extracellular matrix production in fibroblasts, while the antifibrotic action of PTX alone using clinical dose is yet unexplored. Materials and Methods. We used micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) and histopathological analysis to evaluate the antifibrotic effects of PTX in a rat model of RILF. Results. Micro-CT findings showed that lung density, volume loss, and mediastinal shift are significantly increased at 16 weeks after irradiation...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335804/symbolic-time-series-analysis-of-electroencephalographic-eeg-epileptic-seizure-and-brain-dynamics-with-eye-open-and-eye-closed-subjects-during-resting-states
#16
Lal Hussain, Wajid Aziz, Jalal S Alowibdi, Nazneen Habib, Muhammad Rafique, Sharjil Saeed, Syed Zaki Hassan Kazmi
OBJECTIVE: Epilepsy is a neuronal disorder for which the electrical discharge in the brain is synchronized, abnormal and excessive. To detect the epileptic seizures and to analyse brain activities during different mental states, various methods in non-linear dynamics have been proposed. This study is an attempt to quantify the complexity of control and epileptic subject with and without seizure as well as to distinguish eye-open (EO) and eye-closed (EC) conditions using threshold-based symbolic entropy...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335482/improved-wallis-dodging-algorithm-for-large-scale-super-resolution-reconstruction-remote-sensing-images
#17
Chong Fan, Xushuai Chen, Lei Zhong, Min Zhou, Yun Shi, Yulin Duan
A sub-block algorithm is usually applied in the super-resolution (SR) reconstruction of images because of limitations in computer memory. However, the sub-block SR images can hardly achieve a seamless image mosaicking because of the uneven distribution of brightness and contrast among these sub-blocks. An effectively improved weighted Wallis dodging algorithm is proposed, aiming at the characteristic that SR reconstructed images are gray images with the same size and overlapping region. This algorithm can achieve consistency of image brightness and contrast...
March 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335286/enhanced-end-contacts-by-helium-ion-bombardment-to-improve-graphene-metal-contacts
#18
Kunpeng Jia, Yajuan Su, Jun Zhan, Kashif Shahzad, Huilong Zhu, Chao Zhao, Jun Luo
Low contact resistance between graphene and metals is of paramount importance to fabricate high performance graphene-based devices. In this paper, the impact of both defects induced by helium ion (He⁺) bombardment and annealing on the contact resistance between graphene and various metals (Ag, Pd, and Pt) were systematically explored. It is found that the contact resistances between all metals and graphene are remarkably reduced after annealing, indicating that not only chemically adsorbed metal (Pd) but also physically adsorbed metals (Ag and Pt) readily form end-contacts at intrinsic defect locations in graphene...
August 26, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335038/a-comparative-effectiveness-education-trial-for-lifestyle-health-behavior-change-in-african-americans
#19
Chanita Hughes Halbert, Scarlett Bellamy, Vanessa Briggs, Ernestine Delmoor, Joseph Purnell, Rodney Rogers, Benita Weathers, Jerry C Johnson
Obesity and excess weight are significant clinical and public health issues that disproportionately affect African Americans because of physical inactivity and unhealthy eating. We compared the effects of alternate behavioral interventions on obesity-related health behaviors. We conducted a comparative effectiveness education trial in a community-based sample of 530 adult African Americans. Outcomes variables were physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable intake. Outcomes were evaluated at baseline and 1-month following interventions about shared risk factors for cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD) (integrated, INT) or CVD only (disease-specific)...
March 18, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334753/alcohol-screening-among-young-people-a-prospective-study-from-the-swiss-sentinel-surveillance-system-sentinella-of-physicians-a-priori-opinions
#20
Coralie Wenger-Bonny, Adjua Alexandra N'goran, Jérôme Pasquier, Charles Dvorak, Dagmar M Haller, Lilli Herzig
Background.: Systematic screening for excessive alcohol use among young people is recommended but rarely implemented. Family practitioners tend to select patients for screening, based on their preliminary subjective opinions, which may be biased. Objective.: To evaluate the ability of family practitioners to identify excessive alcohol use among young people prior to screening them. Methods.: This prospective study was conducted through Sentinella, an epidemiological network involving 150 family practitioners across Switzerland...
February 22, 2017: Family Practice
keyword
keyword
107866
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"