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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754253/young-macaques-macaca-fascicularis-preferentially-bias-attention-towards-closer-older-and-better-tool-users
#1
Amanda W Y Tan, Charlotte K Hemelrijk, Suchinda Malaivijitnond, Michael D Gumert
Examining how animals direct social learning during skill acquisition under natural conditions, generates data for examining hypotheses regarding how transmission biases influence cultural change in animal populations. We studied a population of macaques on Koram Island, Thailand, and examined model-based biases during interactions by unskilled individuals with tool-using group members. We first compared the prevalence of interactions (watching, obtaining food, object exploration) and proximity to tool users during interactions, in developing individuals (infants, juveniles) versus mature non-learners (adolescents, adults), to provide evidence that developing individuals are actively seeking information about tool use from social partners...
May 12, 2018: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754166/employment-and-other-income-sources-among-homeless-youth
#2
Natasha Slesnick, Jing Zhang, Tansel Yilmazer
Homeless youth report high rates of unemployment. While homeless serving agencies usually offer employment services, most homeless youth are disengaged from homeless service agencies, and a limited number of studies have examined employment and other income sources among service disconnected youth. Our study examined income sources and change in income among service disconnected youth, all of whom received Strengths-Based Outreach and Advocacy (SBOA, N = 79). Findings revealed that over time employment and legal income from non-survival behaviors increased (e...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748425/doctors-helped-greek-crime-ring-steal-cancer-drugs-for-resale-abroad
#3
Owen Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735395/is-fractional-flow-reserve-useful-in-assessing-coronary-artery-fistula-a-case-based-discussion-and-review
#4
Samual Hayman, Aashish Goela, Shahar Lavi
We present two cases where fractional flow reserve (FFR) was utilised to guide management of coronary artery fistula (CAF), an approach advocated in recent case studies. CAF is a coronary anomaly that may present with a variety of syndromes though is frequently asymptomatic. When to exclude the fistula (surgically or percutaneously) is not always clear. A way to quantify if the fistula is physiologically meaningful would be advantageous. Our findings suggest FFR may only be assessing the concomitant epicardial coronary artery disease (CAD) rather than the degree of coronary steal and its routine use in this setting is not supported...
April 19, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730781/role-of-antiplatelet-therapy-in-the-durability-of-hemodialysis-access
#5
Satinderjit Locham, Robert J Beaulieu, Hanaa Dakour-Aridi, Besma Nejim, Mahmoud B Malas
BACKGROUND: Antiplatelet therapy (APT) is often used on anecdotal grounds to improve vascular access patency. The aim of this study was to assess the role of APT in hemodialysis (HD) patients undergoing arteriovenous fistula (AVF) or graft (AVG) placement. METHODS: All patients in a large HD vascular qualitative initiative database (2011-2017) were included and divided into no antiplatelet therapy (no-APT) vs. any APT [aspirin (ASA) or P2Y12 inhibitors (PI)]. Multivariate [logistic (MLR) and Cox (MCR) regression] analyses were used as appropriate...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728780/root-exploit-detection-and-features-optimization-mobile-device-and-blockchain-based-medical-data-management
#6
Ahmad Firdaus, Nor Badrul Anuar, Mohd Faizal Ab Razak, Ibrahim Abaker Targio Hashem, Syafiq Bachok, Arun Kumar Sangaiah
The increasing demand for Android mobile devices and blockchain has motivated malware creators to develop mobile malware to compromise the blockchain. Although the blockchain is secure, attackers have managed to gain access into the blockchain as legal users, thereby comprising important and crucial information. Examples of mobile malware include root exploit, botnets, and Trojans and root exploit is one of the most dangerous malware. It compromises the operating system kernel in order to gain root privileges which are then used by attackers to bypass the security mechanisms, to gain complete control of the operating system, to install other possible types of malware to the devices, and finally, to steal victims' private keys linked to the blockchain...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726911/generic-accelerated-sequence-alignment-in-seqan-using-vectorization-and-multi-threading
#7
René Rahn, Stefan Budach, Pascal Costanza, Marcel Ehrhardt, Jonny Hancox, Knut Reinert
Motivation: Pairwise sequence alignment is undoubtedly a central tool in many bioinformatics analyses. In this paper, we present a generically accelerated module for pairwise sequence alignments applicable for a broad range of applications. In our module, we unified the standard dynamic programming kernel used for pairwise sequence alignments and extended it with a generalized inter-sequence vectorization layout, such that many alignments can be computed simultaneously by exploiting SIMD (Single Instruction Multiple Data) instructions of modern processors...
May 3, 2018: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717778/a-stealing-syndrome-after-an-iliaco-mesenteric-bypass-graft
#8
Artur Witalis, Maciej Pytka, Grzegorz Halena
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706694/difference-in-contributions-to-the-team-s-score-in-female-wheelchair-basketball-at-the-2016-rio-paralympics-by-physical-capability-classification
#9
Takashi Doi, Hirotaka Mutsuzaki, Kaori Tachibana, Yasuyoshi Wadano, Koichi Iwai
[Purpose] This study clarified differences in players' contributions to the team's score in female wheelchair basketball at the 2016 Rio Paralympics by physical capacity classification, and examined the roles required in the team. [Subjects and Methods] This study used stats (record of play contents) for players who played for more than 20 minutes from the official box scores of all 31 games at the 2016 Paralympics. Players were divided into three groups by physical capacity classification: low, middle, and high...
April 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704416/kleptomania-or-common-theft-diagnostic-and-judicial-difficulties
#10
REVIEW
Justyna Sipowicz, Ryszard Kujawski
First descriptions of kleptomania as a mental disorder date back to the nineteenth century. For the first time, kleptomania as an accompanying symptom rather than a formal diagnosis was included in the classification of psychiatric disorders of the American Psychiatric Association DSM-I in 1952. It was included in the International Classification of Diseases ICD-10 and classified under "habit and impulse disorders". Kleptomania is a serious disorder, as numerous thefts are impulsively carried out, carrying the risk of detection and consequently criminal liability...
February 28, 2018: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703975/transporter-gene-acquisition-and-innovation-in-the-evolution-of-microsporidia-intracellular-parasites
#11
P Dean, K M Sendra, T A Williams, A K Watson, P Major, S Nakjang, E Kozhevnikova, A V Goldberg, E R S Kunji, R P Hirt, T M Embley
The acquisition of genes by horizontal transfer can impart entirely new biological functions and provide an important route to major evolutionary innovation. Here we have used ancient gene reconstruction and functional assays to investigate the impact of a single horizontally transferred nucleotide transporter into the common ancestor of the Microsporidia, a major radiation of intracellular parasites of animals and humans. We show that this transporter provided early microsporidians with the ability to steal host ATP and to become energy parasites...
April 27, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697710/symptom-severity-and-its-clinical-correlates-in-kleptomania
#12
Jon E Grant, Samuel R Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: Kleptomania (compulsive stealing) remains poorly understood, with limited data regarding its underlying pathophysiology and appropriate treatment choices. METHODS: Participants (N = 112) age 18 to 65 with a primary, current diagnosis of kleptomania were assessed for the severity of their stealing behavior and urges to steal, as well as related mental health symptoms. To identify clinical and demographic measures associated with variation in disease severity, we utilized the statistical technique of partial least squares...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681886/importance-of-collateralization-in-patients-with-large-artery-intracranial-occlusive-disease-long-term-longitudinal-assessment-of-cerebral-hemodynamic-function
#13
Larissa McKetton, Lakshmikumar Venkatraghavan, Julien Poublanc, Olivia Sobczyk, Adrian P Crawley, Casey Rosen, Frank L Silver, James Duffin, Joseph A Fisher, David J Mikulis
Patients with large artery intracranial occlusive disease (LAICOD) are at risk for both acute ischemia and chronic hypoperfusion. Collateral circulation plays an important role in prognosis, and imaging plays an essential role in diagnosis, treatment planning, and prognosis of patients with LAICOD. In addition to standard structural imaging, assessment of cerebral hemodynamic function is important to determine the adequacy of collateral supply. Among the currently available methods of assessment of cerebral hemodynamic function, measurement of cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) using blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) MRI and precisely controlled CO2 has shown to be a safe, reliable, reproducible, and clinically useful method for long-term assessment of patients...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681225/the-united-kingdom-and-ireland-experience-of-the-haemodialysis-reliable-outflow-graft-for-vascular-access
#14
James P Hunter, Simon R Knight, N Inston, D Ridway, A Tavakoli, S Suttie, D Kingsmore, T Brown, S Sultan, J Gilbert
OBJECTIVES: To describe the UK and Ireland experience of the Haemodialysis Reliable Outflow graft in complex vascular access. DESIGN: Observational, multi-centre case series. METHODS: Data from any patient undergoing Haemodialysis Reliable Outflow graft were collected from eight UK and one Irish centre. Any Haemodialysis Reliable Outflow procedure between July 2013 and May 2016 was included. Demographics, primary and secondary patency rates, and complications were analysed...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668871/transgenic-mice-overexpressing-srebp-1a-in-male-ob-ob-mice-exhibit-lipodystrophy-and-exacerbate-insulin-resistance
#15
Hiroshi Ohno, Takashi Matsuzaka, Nie Tang, Rahul Sharma, Kaori Motomura, Takuya Shimura, Aoi Satoh, Song-Iee Han, Yoshinori Takeuchi, Yuichi Aita, Hitoshi Iwasaki, Shigeru Yatoh, Hiroaki Suzuki, Motohiro Sekiya, Yoshimi Nakagawa, Hirohito Sone, Naoya Yahagi, Nobuhiro Yamada, Yoshikazu Higami, Hitoshi Shimano
Sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1a (SREBP-1a) is a key transcription factor which activates the expression of genes involved in the synthesis of fatty acids, triglycerides, and cholesterol. Transgenic mice that overexpress the nuclear form of SREBP-1a under the control of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) promoter (Tg-1a) were previously shown to display a lipodystrophic phenotype characterized by enlarged and fatty livers, diminished peripheral white adipose tissue (WAT), and insulin resistance...
April 12, 2018: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666009/in-vitro-validation-of-a-self-driving-aortic-turbine-venous-assist-device-for-fontan-patients
#16
Kerem Pekkan, Ibrahim Basar Aka, Ece Tutsak, Erhan Ermek, Haldun Balim, Ismail Lazoglu, Riza Turkoz
BACKGROUND: Palliative repair of single ventricle defects involve a series of open-heart surgeries where a single-ventricle (Fontan) circulation is established. As the patient ages, this paradoxical circulation gradually fails, because of its high venous pressure levels. Reversal of the Fontan paradox requires an extra subpulmonic energy that can be provided through mechanical assist devices. The objective of this study was to evaluate the hemodynamic performance of a totally implantable integrated aortic-turbine venous-assist (iATVA) system, which does not need an external drive power and maintains low venous pressure chronically, for the Fontan circulation...
March 11, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659720/mp-lamp-parallel-detection-of-statistically-significant-multi-loci-markers-on-cloud-platforms
#17
Kazuki Yoshizoe, Aika Terada, Koji Tsuda
Summary: Exhaustive detection of multi-loci markers from genome-wide association study datasets is a computationally challenging problem. This paper presents a massively parallel algorithm for finding all significant combinations of alleles and introduces a software tool termed MP-LAMP that can be easily deployed in a cloud platform, such as Amazon Web Service, as well as in an in-house computer cluster. Multi-loci marker detection is an unbalanced tree search problem that cannot be parallelized by simple tree-splitting using generic parallel programming frameworks, such as Map-Reduce...
April 6, 2018: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657207/adoption-of-transposed-basilic-vein-as-access-for-hemodialysis
#18
Jacob A Akoh
The fistula first initiative has rekindled interest in transposition of basilic vein (TBV) in preference to arteriovenous grafts (AVG). TBV is considered to have advantages over AVG. The aim of this study was to analyze the outcome of TBVs in our center comparing them to a historically matched group of patients who had AVG. Thirty-two patients who underwent TBV as a vascular access procedure in Derriford Hospital between January 2010 and October 2014 were included in the study. The historical control group comprised 31 patients who had AVG inserted in the upper arm between January 1999 and December 2010...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655614/a-brief-validated-screen-to-identify-boys-and-girls-at-risk-for-early-marijuana-use
#19
Rolf Loeber, Duncan B Clark, Lia Ahonen, Douglas FitzGerald, Elisa M Trucco, Robert A Zucker
To guide recruitment, the ABCD Study requires a method for identifying children at high risk for early-onset substance use that may be utilized during the recruitment process. This study was undertaken to inform the development of a brief screen for identifying youths' risk of early-onset substance use and other adverse outcomes. To be acceptable by participants in this context, consideration of potential items was limited to child characteristics previously determined to be potentially pertinent and parental cigarette smoking...
April 7, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604213/steal-the-light-shade-vs-fire-adapted-vegetation-in-forest-savanna-mosaics
#20
Tristan Charles-Dominique, Guy F Midgley, Kyle W Tomlinson, William J Bond
Shade cast by trees, which suppresses grass growth, and fire fuelled by grass biomass, which prevents tree sapling establishment, are mutually exclusive and self-reinforcing drivers of biome distribution in savanna-forest mosaics. We investigated how shade depth, represented by canopy leaf area index (LAI), is generated by adult trees across savanna-forest boundaries and how a shade gradient filters tree functioning, and grass composition and biomass. Forest trees exerted greater shading through increased stem density and greater light interception per unit biomass...
March 31, 2018: New Phytologist
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