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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231659/-correlative-factors-on-prevalence-rate-of-dislipidemia-among-1-337-coal-miners-in-shanxi-province
#1
Z D Fu, D D Wen, B Wang, S L Xue, G S Liu, X H Li, Z H Zhao, J Wang, B G Wei, S P Wang
Objective: To understand the prevalence rate and correlative factors of dislipidemia among Shanxi coal miners and to provide evidence for the development of programs on dislipidemia prevention. Methods: We investigated 1 337 mine workers from a Coal Group in April 2016 and collected data related to their blood biochemistry. We then classified the types in accordance with the diagnostic criteria of " Guidelines for prevention and treatment of dyslipidemia in Chinese adults (2007)" , using χ(2) test and unconditional logistic regression model for analysis...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231658/-relationship-between-reproductive-history-and-preterm-births-in-the-last-pregnancy-in-shaanxi-province
#2
B W Qin, J Ying, Q Lei, P F Qu, F L Lei, J M Li, H Yan
Objective: To analyze the incidence of preterm delivery among single live neonates and the association between maternal reproductive history and preterm birth. Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted on reproductive history among women at childbearing age who were selected through multi-stage stratified random sampling method in Shaanxi, during 2010-2013. Samples would include women at childbearing age and in pregnancy or having had definite pregnancy outcomes. Results: A total of 29 608 women at childbearing age with their infants, were studied...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231657/-impact-and-changes-of-maternal-hemoglobin-on-birth-weight-in-pregnant-women-of-zhuang-nationality-in-guangxi
#3
J H Chen, X F Guo, S Liu, J H Long, G Q Zhang, M C Huang, X Q Qiu
Objective: To investigate the hemoglobin (Hb) levels during pregnancy and Hb changes from early pregnancy and association with birth weight on infants. Methods: Mothers of Zhuang Nationality who participated in the pregnancy care program and delivered at the Pingguo County Hospital from May 2013 to May 2015 were included in this study. Retrospective analysis was applied to collect data of health care and pregnancy outcomes. Multiple regression analysis and unconditional logistic regression model were used for data analysis...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231631/commentary-response-frailty-not-just-about-old-people-reply-to-smith-gd-kydd-a-2017-getting-care-of-older-people-right-the-need-for-appropriate-frailty-assessment
#4
Sunita R Jha, Julee Mcdonagh, Caleb Ferguson, Peter S Macdonald, Phillip J Newton
As highlighted in a recent editorial, the ageing population and burden of frailty amongst those aged 60 years and older represents an impending challenge for individuals and health care systems globally (Smith & Kydd 2017). As frailty is largely considered a geriatric syndrome, research has primarily occurred within elderly community dwelling populations (Fried et al. 2001). However, it is important to highlight that not all older people are frail; and conversely not all younger people are non-frail. With frailty research expanding its scope beyond geriatrics over the last 2 decades, our understanding of this syndrome and its complexities has progressed...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231627/factors-predicting-recovery-from-suicide-in-attempted-suicide-patients
#5
Fan-Ko Sun, Chu-Yun Lu, Yun Shan Tseng, Chun-Ying Chiang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the factors predicting suicide recovery and to provide guidance for healthcare professionals when caring for individuals who have attempted suicide. BACKGROUND: The high rate of suicide is a global health problem. Suicide prevention has become an important issue in contemporary mental health. Most suicide research has focused on suicidal prevention and care. There is a lack of research on the factors predicting suicidal recovery DESIGN: A cross-sectional design was adopted...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231615/what-do-older-people-experiencing-loneliness-think-about-primary-care-or-community-based-interventions-to-reduce-loneliness-a-qualitative-study-in-england
#6
Kalpa Kharicha, Steve Iliffe, Jill Manthorpe, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Mima Cattan, Claire Goodman, Maggie Kirby-Barr, Janet H Whitehouse, Kate Walters
Loneliness in later life is a common problem with poor health outcomes. However, interventions to prevent or ameliorate loneliness have a weak evidence base. The views of older people experiencing or at risk of loneliness in the community are important in identifying features of potential support, but have been little studied. Twenty-eight community dwelling people, aged 65 and over who reported being 'lonely much of the time' or identified as lonely from the de Jong Gierveld six-item loneliness scale in a larger study, participated in in-depth interviews, between June 2013 and May 2014...
February 23, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231614/risk-factors-for-the-development-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-coping-strategies-in-mothers-and-fathers-following-infant-hospitalization-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#7
Anna Aftyka, Beata Rybojad, Wojciech Rosa, Aleksandra Wróbel, Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz
OBJECTIVE: The development of Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) has increased the survival rate of infants. However, one of the major parental problems is post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The aim of this study was to identify the potential risk factors for the development of PTSD in mothers and fathers following infant hospitalization in the NICU. DESIGN: An observational study covered 125 parents (72 mothers and 53 fathers) of infants aged three to 12 months who were hospitalized in the NICU during the neonatal period...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231518/early-bronchoalveolar-lavage-for-intubated-trauma-patients-with-tbi-or-chest-trauma
#8
Tyler J Loftus, Stephen J Lemon, Linda L Nguyen, Stacy A Voils, Scott C Brakenridge, Janeen R Jordan, Chasen A Croft, R Stephen Smith, Frederick A Moore, Philip A Efron, Alicia M Mohr
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of an early bronchoalveolar lavage (E-BAL) protocol. BAL was performed within 48 h for intubated patients with traumatic brain injury or chest trauma. We hypothesized that E-BAL would decrease antibiotic use and improve outcomes compared to late BAL (L-BAL) triggered by clinical signs of pneumonia. METHODS: Retrospective cohort analysis of 132 patients with quantitative BAL and ≥1 risk factor: head Abbreviated Injury Score ≥2, ≥3 rib fractures, or radiographic signs of aspiration or pulmonary contusion...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231412/impact-of-family-history-of-metabolic-traits-on-severity-of-nash-related-cirrhosis-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Ajeet Singh Bhadoria, Chandan Kumar Kedarisetty, Chhagan Bihari, Guresh Kumar, Ankur Jindal, Ankit Bhardwaj, Varsha Shasthry, Tanmay Vyas, Jaya Benjamin, Shvetank Sharma, Manoj Kumar Sharma, Shiv Kumar Sarin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Familial aggregation of metabolic traits with fatty liver disease is well documented. However, there is scarcity of data regarding such association with non-alcoholic steato-hepatitis (NASH) related cirrhosis. This study was aimed to explore the association of family history of metabolic traits with severity of cirrhosis. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, all consecutive patients with NASH related cirrhosis presenting to our tertiary care centre were included...
February 23, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231409/lip-and-tooth-injuries-at-public-swimming-pools-in-austria
#10
Katharina Lechner, Thomas Connert, Sebastian Kühl, Andreas Filippi
BACKGROUND/AIM: There is an increased risk of orofacial injuries in swimming pool facilities. Nevertheless, only a few studies have addressed this issue. The aim of this study was to identify the frequency of lip and tooth injuries at public swimming pools in Austria. A further aim was to examine which gender and age groups were affected, where and why these injuries occurred, and whether pool attendants had sufficient knowledge of dental first aid measures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 764 pool attendants in Austria were contacted by telephone and 689 participated in the study (90...
February 23, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231265/resist-diabetes-a-randomized-clinical-trial-for-resistance-training-maintenance-in-adults-with-prediabetes
#11
Brenda M Davy, Richard A Winett, Jyoti Savla, Elaina L Marinik, Mary Elizabeth Baugh, Kyle D Flack, Tanya M Halliday, Sarah A Kelleher, Sheila G Winett, David M Williams, Soheir Boshra
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a social cognitive theory (SCT)-based intervention improves resistance training (RT) maintenance and strength, and reduces prediabetes prevalence. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Sedentary, overweight/obese (BMI: 25-39.9 kg/m2) adults aged 50-69 (N = 170) with prediabetes participated in the 15-month trial. Participants completed a supervised 3-month RT (2×/wk) phase and were randomly assigned (N = 159) to one of two 6-month maintenance conditions: SCT or standard care...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231258/depressive-symptoms-in-hiv-infected-and-seronegative-control-subjects-in-cameroon-effect-of-age-education-and-gender
#12
Georgette D Kanmogne, Fang Qiu, Félicien E Ntone, Julius Y Fonsah, Dora M Njamnshi, Callixte T Kuate, Roland F Doh, Anne M Kengne, Claude T Tagny, Emilienne Nchindap, Léopoldine Kenmogne, Dora Mbanya, Mariana Cherner, Robert K Heaton, Alfred K Njamnshi
Depression is a leading cause of HIV/AIDS disease burden; it worsens health outcomes and quality of life. Addressing this problem requires accurate quantification of the extra burden of depression to HIV/AIDS in a given population, and knowledge of the baseline depression prevalence in the general population. There has been no previous study of depression in the general Cameroonian population. The current study attempts to address that important need. We used the Beck Depression Inventory-II to assess the prevalence and severity of depressive symptoms in 270 HIV-infected and seronegative Cameroonians...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231239/surveillance-for-health-care-access-and-health-services-use-adults-aged-18-64-years-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-united-states-2014
#13
Catherine A Okoro, Guixiang Zhao, Jared B Fox, Paul I Eke, Kurt J Greenlund, Machell Town
PROBLEM/CONDITION: As a result of the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, millions of U.S. adults attained health insurance coverage. However, millions of adults remain uninsured or underinsured. Compared with adults without barriers to health care, adults who lack health insurance coverage, have coverage gaps, or skip or delay care because of limited personal finances might face increased risk for poor physical and mental health and premature mortality. PERIOD COVERED: 2014...
February 24, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231065/exposure-of-children-to-phthalates-and-the-impact-of-consumer-practices-in-slovakia
#14
Miroslava Šidlovská, Ida Petrovičová, Branislav Kolena, Tomáš Pilka, Eva Šovčíková, Tomáš Trnovec
Phthalates are environmental pollutants that can enter the human body by ingestion, inhalation and dermal absorption. Food constitutes the most important source of human exposure to these chemicals. The aim of our study was the biological monitoring of exposure to eight phthalate metabolites in children (n=107), 10-12 years of age, living in eastern Slovakia. Additionally, we analysed some associations between anthropometric measures, questionnaire data (i.e. eating and drinking habits, practice of personal care products) and concentrations of phthalate metabolites...
February 23, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230835/sudden-versus-gradual-pressure-wean-from-nasal-cpap-in-preterm-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
S Amatya, M Macomber, A Bhutada, D Rastogi, S Rastogi
OBJECTIVE: In preterm infants, nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) is widely used for treatment of respiratory distress syndrome. However, the strategies for successfully weaning infants off NCPAP are still not well defined and there remains considerable variation between the methods. The objective of this study is to determine whether gradual weaning of NCPAP pressure is more successful than sudden weaning off NCPAP to room air. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in a level 3 neonatal intensive care unit on 70 preterm neonates who were born between 26 and 32 weeks gestation and required NCPAP for at least 48 h...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230818/post-chornobyl-remote-radiation-effects-on-human-sperm-and-seminal-plasma-characteristics
#16
S V Andreychenko, A V Klepko, L V Gorban, O A Motryna, L V Grubska, O V Trofimenko
AIM: The research was aimed on analysis of the remote consequences of Chornobyl accident on the reproductive function of men adult residing in Ukraine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 232 male volunteers with mean age of 34 years (range 20-47) from 5 different regions of Ukraine (Zhytomyr, Ivano-Frankivsk, Kyiv, Poltava, and Kyiv city) were enrolled in cross-sectional studies of long term radiation effects on seminal plasma and sperm. All manipulations, analysis and classification of ejaculates were done accordingly to WHO recommendations...
December 2016: Experimental Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230580/the-patient-perspective-on-errors-in-cancer-care-results-of-a-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Mariko Carey, Allison W Boyes, Jamie Bryant, Heidi Turon, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Robert Sanson-Fisher
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore medical oncology outpatients' perceived experiences of errors in their cancer care. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted. English-speaking medical oncology outpatients aged 18 years or older were recruited from 9 Australian cancer treatment centers. Participants completed 2 paper-and-pencil questionnaires: an initial survey on demographic, disease and treatment characteristics upon recruitment; and a second survey on their experiences of errors in cancer care 1 month later...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230563/implementation-of-an-early-mobility-pathway-in-neurointensive-care-unit-patients-with-external-ventricular-devices
#18
Megan Moyer, Bethany Young, Joseph Borst, William Pino, Marisa Hart, Jesse LoBreglio, Derek Zaleski, Isaira Leonor, David Kung, Michelle Smith, Eric Zager, M Sean Grady, Monisha Kumar
BACKGROUND: Patients with an external ventricular drain (EVD) may not be readily mobilized because of concerns of catheter dislodgment and/or inappropriate cerebrospinal fluid drainage. Delayed mobilization may result in longer hospital stays and an increased risk for complications related to immobility. We aimed to determine the safety, feasibility, and outcome of an EVD mobilization protocol in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). METHODS: A multidisciplinary group developed a formal algorithm for the mobilization of patients with SAH with EVDs...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230561/adolescent-transition-clinic-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-quantitative-assessment-of-self-efficacy-skills
#19
Anat Yerushalmy-Feler, Yulia Ron, Efrat Barnea, Ayala Nachum, Shay Matalon, Margalit Dali-Levy, Iris Dotan, Shlomi Cohen
OBJECTIVES: There is no model for the process of transition of adolescents with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) to the adult care protocol. We recently established a transition clinic where 17-year-old to 18-year-old IBD patients are seen by a multidisciplinary team including pediatric and adult gastroenterologists with expertise in IBD treatments, an IBD nurse, and a psychologist. We quantitatively describe this model and its benefits, and correlate demographic and transition parameters to self-efficacy in IBD adolescent patients before and after transition...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230458/progression-to-type-2-diabetes-and-its-effect-on-health-care-costs-in-low-income-and-insured-patients-with-prediabetes-a-retrospective-study-using-medicaid-claims-data
#20
Jun Wu, Eileen Ward, Tiffaney Threatt, Z Kevin Lu
BACKGROUND: Prediabetes is a high-risk factor for progression to diabetes. Without lifestyle changes, such as weight loss and moderate physical activity, 15%-30% of people with prediabetes are projected to develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years. Progression to diabetes increases the financial burden significantly for patients and health care systems. Populations with low socioeconomic status are associated with a higher risk of diabetes. However, knowledge is limited about the effect of transition to diabetes on future costs incurred in low-income populations...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
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