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Lauren Luhrs, Cynthia Manlapaz, Karen Kedzie, Sandhya Rao, Sara Cabrera-Ghayouri, John Donello, Daniel Gil
Noradrenergic signaling, through the α2A and α2C adrenergic receptors modulates the cognitive and behavioral symptoms of disorders such as schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and addiction. However, it is unknown whether the α2B receptor has any significant role in CNS function. The present study elucidates the potential role of the α2B receptor in CNS function via the discovery and use of the first subtype selective α2B antagonist (AGN-209419), and behavioral analyses of α-receptor KO mice...
October 14, 2016: Neuroscience
James J Hsieh, David Chen, Patricia I Wang, Mahtab Marker, Almedina Redzematovic, Ying-Bei Chen, S Duygu Selcuklu, Nils Weinhold, Nancy Bouvier, Kety H Huberman, Umesh Bhanot, Michael S Chevinsky, Parul Patel, Patrizia Pinciroli, Helen H Won, Daoqi You, Agnes Viale, William Lee, A Ari Hakimi, Michael F Berger, Nicholas D Socci, Emily H Cheng, Jennifer Knox, Martin H Voss, Maurizio Voi, Robert J Motzer
BACKGROUND: Metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients are commonly treated with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors or mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors. Correlations between somatic mutations and first-line targeted therapy outcomes have not been reported on a randomized trial. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between tumor mutations and treatment outcomes in RECORD-3, a randomized trial comparing first-line everolimus (mTOR inhibitor) followed by sunitinib (VEGF inhibitor) at progression with the opposite sequence in 471 metastatic RCC patients...
October 14, 2016: European Urology
Miklós Resch, Csilla Németh, György Barcsay, Mónika Ecsedy, Ágnes Borbándy, Zsuzsanna Géhl, Anikó Balogh, Antal Szabó, Zoltán Zsolt Nagy, András Papp
INTRODUCTION: Vascular endothelial growth factor antibody therapy is an established treatment of exsudative age-related macular degeneration. AIM: The morphologic characterisation of the macular microvasculature after longstanding treatment. METHOD: Forty-eight patients (34 women and 14 men; age, 74.4 ± 8.0 years) were enrolled in the study. During follow-up time (53.8 ± 31.0 months), 7.6 ± 4.9 injections were administered in 56 eyes. Optical coherence tomography angiographic examination was performed with AngioVue (Optovue Inc...
October 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
Agnes Trautmann, Derek J Roebuck, Clare A McLaren, Eileen Brennan, Stephen D Marks, Kjell Tullus
OBJECTIVES: Renovascular disease (RVD) is found in about 10 % of secondary childhood hypertension. Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) is the gold standard to diagnose RVD. Non-invasive imaging methods like Doppler ultrasound (US), magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), and computed tomography angiography (CTA) are increasingly used. Our aim was to evaluate the role and accuracy of US, MRA, and CTA compared to DSA in diagnosing RVD in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 127 children with suspected renovascular hypertension was performed in children referred to Great Ormond Street Hospital between 2006 and 2014 due to clinical suspicion of renovascular hypertension and/or findings on US and/or MRA or CTA...
October 17, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Maria Kovacs, Lauren M Bylsma, Ilya Yaroslavsky, Jonathan Rottenberg, Charles J George, Enikő Kiss, Kitti Halas, István Benák, Ildiko Baji, Ágnes Vetro, Krisztina Kapornai
While hedonic capacity is diminished during clinical depression, it is unclear whether that deficit constitutes a risk factor and/or persists after depression episodes remit. To examine these issues, adolescents with current/past major depression (probands; n=218), never depressed biological siblings of probands (n=207), and emotionally-well controls (n=183) were exposed to several positively valenced probes. Across baseline and hedonic probe conditions, controls consistently reported higher levels of positive affect than high-risk siblings, and siblings reported higher levels of positive affect than probands (remitted and depressed probands' reports were similar)...
July 2016: Clinical Psychological Science
Beom Jin Lim, Jae Won Yang, Woo Sung Do, Agnes B Fogo
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is characterized by focal and segmental obliteration of glomerular capillary tufts with increased matrix. FSGS is classified as collapsing, tip, cellular, perihilar and not otherwise specified variants according to the location and character of the sclerotic lesion. Primary or idiopathic FSGS is considered to be related to podocyte injury, and the pathogenesis of podocyte injury has been actively investigated. Several circulating factors affecting podocyte permeability barrier have been proposed, but not proven to cause FSGS...
October 16, 2016: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
Felix Bäuerle, Agnes Zotter, Gideon Schreiber
With computer-based data-fitting methods becoming a standard tool in biochemistry, progress curve analysis of enzyme kinetics is a feasible, yet seldom used tool. Here we present a versatile Matlab-based tool (PCAT) to analyze catalysis progress curves with three complementary model approaches. The first two models are based on the known closed-form solution for this problem: the first describes the required Lambert W function with an analytical approximation and the second provides a numerical solution of the Lambert W function...
October 15, 2016: Protein Engineering, Design & Selection: PEDS
János Varga, Szilamér Ferenczi, Krisztina J Kovács, Ágnes Csáno, Barbora Prokopova, Daniela Jezova, Dóra Zelena
AIMS: In vasopressin-deficient rat pups stressor-induced adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) and corticosterone elevations markedly dissociate. We have shown recently that during the postnatal period mineralocorticoid secretion is more sensitive to stressor exposure than that of glucocorticoids. We have therefore hypothesized that in vasopressin-deficient pups during hypoglycemia, a stressor triggering aldosterone release mainly via ACTH, aldosterone release will change in parallel with ACTH. An additional aim was to reveal at which stage of the development occurs the shift from aldosterone to corticosterone as primarily stressor-induced adrenocortical hormone...
October 12, 2016: Life Sciences
Rémi Béranger, Ronan Garlantézec, Gaïd Le Maner-Idrissi, Agnès Lacroix, Florence Rouget, Jessica Trowbridge, Charline Warembourg, Christine Monfort, Florent Le Gléau, Marylène Jourdin, Luc Multigner, Sylvaine Cordier, Cécile Chevrier
BACKGROUND: Glycol ethers (GE) are widely used organic solvents. Despite the potential neurotoxicity of several families of organic solvents, little is known about the impact of GE on the neurodevelopment of infants and children. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the relation between urinary concentrations of GE metabolites in pregnant women and neurocognitive abilities in their 6-year-old children in the PELAGIE mother-child cohort. METHODS: Five GE metabolites were measured in first-void urine samples of 204 French pregnant women in early pregnancy (<19 weeks of gestation)...
October 14, 2016: Environmental Health Perspectives
Árpád Lábadi, Ágnes Nagy, Árpád Szomor, Attila Miseta, Gábor L Kovács
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Robert J Danaher, Derrick E Fouts, Agnes P Chan, Yongwook Choi, Jessica DePew, Jamison M McCorrison, Karen E Nelson, Chunmei Wang, Craig S Miller
Strain-specific factors contribute in significant but undefined ways to the variable incidence of herpes simplex virus (HSV) recrudescence. Studies that investigate these strain-specific factors are needed. Here, we used qPCR, in vitro assays, and genomic sequencing to identify important relationships between in vitro and clinical phenotypes of unique HSV-1 clinical isolates. Nine HSV-1 isolates from individuals displaying varying reactivation patterns were studied. Isolates associated with frequent recurrent herpes labialis (RHL) (1) displayed higher rates of viral shedding in the oral cavity than those associated with rare RHL and (2) tended to replicate more efficiently at 33 °C than 39 °C...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Neurovirology
Natalia Cabrera, Agnes Duquesne, Marine Desjonquères, Jean-Paul Larbre, Jean-Christophe Lega, Nicole Fabien, Alexandre Belot
Arthritis is one of the main manifestations of mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) and overlap syndrome in children and can be responsible for functional disability. We report on 2 children with arthritis that were dramatically improved by a treatment with interleukin-6 (IL-6) blockers in the context of connective tissue disease. However, in both cases, other systemic autoimmune symptoms were not modified by the treatment and autoantibodies tend to increase, suggesting a differential effect of IL-6 inhibition on articular inflammation and systemic autoimmunity...
2016: RMD Open
Sebastian Johannes Reinstadler, Hans-Josef Feistritzer, Martin Reindl, Gert Klug, Agnes Mayr, Johannes Mair, Werner Jaschke, Bernhard Metzler
OBJECTIVE: The utility of different biomarkers for the prediction of left ventricular remodelling (LVR) following ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has been evaluated in several studies. However, very few data exist on the prognostic value of combined biomarkers. The aim of this study was to comprehensively investigate the prognostic value for LVR of routinely available biomarkers measured after reperfused STEMI. METHODS: Serial measurements of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and high-sensitivity C reactive protein (hs-CRP) were performed in 123 patients with STEMI treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention in this prospective observational study...
2016: Open Heart
Agnes Noy, Thana Sutthibutpong, Sarah A Harris
DNA supercoiling results in compacted DNA structures that can bring distal sites into close proximity. It also changes the local structure of the DNA, which can in turn influence the way it is recognised by drugs, other nucleic acids and proteins. Here, we discuss how DNA supercoiling and the formation of complex DNA topologies can affect the thermodynamics of DNA recognition. We then speculate on the implications for transcriptional control and the three-dimensional organisation of the genetic material, using examples from our own simulations and from the literature...
2016: Biophysical Reviews
Agnes Afrodite S Albuquerque, Edson A Margarido, Antonio Carlos Menardi, Adilson Scorzoni, Andrea Carla Celotto, Alfredo J Rodrigues, Walter Vilella A Vicente, Paulo Roberto B Evora
Objective: To examine if methylene blue (MB) can counteract or prevent protamine (P) cardiovascular effects. Methods: The protocol included five heparinized pig groups: Group Sham -without any drug; Group MB - MB 3 mg/kg infusion; Group P - protamine; Group P/MB - MB after protamine; Group MB/P - MB before protamine. Nitric oxide levels were obtained by the nitric oxide/ozone chemiluminescence method, performed using the Nitric Oxide Analizer 280i (Sievers, Boulder, CO, USA)...
May 2016: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Luiz F L Oliveira, Nathalie Tarrat, Jérôme Cuny, Joseph Morillo, Didier Lemoine, Fernand Spiegelman, Mathias Rapacioli
We benchmark existing and improved self-consistent-charge density functional based tight-binding (SCC-DFTB) parameters for silver and gold clusters as well as for bulk materials. In the former case, our benchmarks focus on both the structural and energetic properties of small-size AgN and AuN clusters (N from 2 to 13), medium-size clusters with N = 20 and 55, and finally larger nanoparticles with N = 147, 309, and 561. For bulk materials, structural, energetics and elastic properties are discussed. We show that SCC-DFTB is quite satisfactory in reproducing essential differences between silver and gold aggregates, in particular their 2D-3D structural transitions, and their dependency upon cluster charge...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Silvia Calviño Günther, Carole Schwebel, Rebecca Hamidfar-Roy, Agnès Bonadona, Maxime Lugosi, Claire Ara-Somohano, Clémence Minet, Leïla Potton, Jean-Charles Cartier, Aurelien Vésin, Magalie Chautemps, Lenka Styfalova, Stephane Ruckly, Jean-François Timsit
PURPOSE: To describe all post-insertion complications involving most used intravascular access, and to determine whether the use of a new-generation transparent dressing (3M™ IV Advanced) might reduce their number and impact on ICU patient outcomes. METHODS: Patients older than 18, with an expected length of stay ≥48 h and requiring at least one central venous catheter (CVC), arterial catheter (AC), haemodialysis catheter (HDC), pulmonary arterial catheters (PAC) or peripheral venous catheter (PVC) were randomized into two groups: a new-generation transparent dressing, or the hospital's classical transparent dressing, and were followed daily for any infectious and non-infectious complications...
October 12, 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
Daniel Köhler, Stefan Helm, Birgit Agne, Sacha Baginsky
Toc159-containing complexes at the outer chloroplast envelope membrane form stable super-complexes with a 1-MDa translocon at the inner chloroplast envelope membrane of which Tic56 is one essential subunit. While the single mutants tic56-1 and ppi2 (toc159) have an albino phenotype and are able to grow heterotrophically, we find the double mutant to be embryo-lethal. Comprehensive quantitative proteome profiling with both single mutants in combination with GeneChip analyses identified a posttranscriptional defect in the accumulation of plastid ribosomal proteins and diminished expression of plastid encoded proteins...
October 12, 2016: Plant Physiology
Shu-Chun Chuang, Hui-Ling Chen, Wei-Ting Tseng, I-Chien Wu, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Hsing-Yi Chang, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Marion M Lee, Kiang Liu, Chao Agnes Hsiung
BACKGROUND: A previous study indicated that 31% of the elderly in Taiwan have a vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D adequacy has been associated with physical performance in the elderly. OBJECTIVES: The first aim of the current study was to identify the determinants for vitamin D deficiency. The second aim was to evaluate the association between vitamin D status and physical performance. DESIGN: A total of 5664 community-dwelling participants aged ≥55 y were recruited since 2008...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Agnès Dumas, Florent De Vathaire, Gilles Vassal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Lancet Oncology
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