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Hemangioma Oral and Maxillofacial

A Nagaraja, N Govindraj Kumar, B Jambukeshwar Kumar, Raghavendra M Naik, Y Jyoti Sangineedi
Pathological conditions can give rise to calcifications within oral mucosa representing either a local or systemic disturbance. Inflammation, trauma, debris acting as nidus and vascular lesions have been attributed as principal causes for occurrence of calcifications within the oral mucosa. Occurrence of multiple calcified thrombi (phleboliths) is considered pathognomonic for hemangiomas and vascular malformations in the oral and maxillofacial region. Isolated occurrence of phlebolith in oral mucosa though very rare, especially without any underlying vascular lesions, can be diagnostically challenging...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Melissa Rodrigues de Araujo, Sanaha Jomaa, Rafael Zancan Mobile, Lucas Caetano Uetanabaro, Allan Fernando Giovanini, Rafaela Scariot, Alexandre Moro
Vascular anomalies such as hemangiomas or vascular malformations can produce negative esthetic effects in the maxillofacial region. These negative effects are the main complaints of patients. The clinical therapeutic efficacy of cryotherapy and sclerotherapy in the treatment of these lesions was evaluated in 10 patients who were clinically diagnosed with vascular lesions. Lesions were submitted to either cryotherapy or sclerotherapy, and follow-up showed that cryotherapy and sclerotherapy both were clinically effective in treating oral vascular lesions...
September 2016: General Dentistry
Shuang Tong, Da-Peng Xu, Zi-Mei Liu, Yang Du, Xu-Kai Wang
The aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy and safety of topical timolol maleate combined with oral propranolol for parotid infantile hemangiomas. Between October 2012 and April 2014, propranolol was administered orally at a dose of 1.0-1.5 mg/kg/day to 22 infants with proliferating hemangiomas in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (Hospital of Stomatology, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, China). A small amount of 0.5% timolol maleate eye drop solution was topically applied with medical cotton swabs to the area of the lesion twice a day, every 12 h...
September 2016: Oncology Letters
Sormani Bento Fernandes de Queiroz, Valthierre Nunes de Lima, Pedro Henrique Gonçalves Holanda Amorim, Cristian Statkievicz, Osvaldo Magro-Filho
Adverse reactions related to ethanolamine oleate (EO) include pain during injection, redness, inflammation, tissue necrosis, and allergic reaction. The authors report a patient of exuberant facial edema after the injection of EO used in sclerotherapy of lip hemangioma in a child. A 9-year-old boy was referred to authors' oral and maxillofacial surgery unit to treat a vascular lesion of the upper lip. The lesion has causing enlargement of the middle area of the upper lip, being sessile and resilient by palpation...
September 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Yu Tian, Da-Peng Xu, Shuang Tong, Shan-Long Xi, Zi-Mei Liu, Xu-Kai Wang
PURPOSE: Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common benign tumors affecting infants, and most IHs are self-limiting. However, there are cases that require specific treatment. Propranolol is now widely used to treat severe IHs. Several studies have shown the efficacy and limited side effects associated with propranolol as the first-line treatment for IHs. There are a limited number of publications describing the role of propranolol in treating IHs beyond the proliferative phase (>12 months)...
August 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Nafiseh Shamloo, Ali Lotfi, Hamid Reza Motazadian, Hamed Mortazavi, Maryam Baharvand
The tongue has been globally considered as an indicator of general health for millennia. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and distribution of tongue lesions in an Iranian population. In this retrospective study, data from 6,435 oral biopsy reports over a 22-year period (1992-2014) were retrieved from archives of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology Department, Shahid Beheshti Dental School, Tehran, Iran. These reports were analyzed according to age, sex, type of lesion and location. Prevalence of tongue lesions were reported as percentages...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Gérard Lorette, Dominique Goga, Anne Le Touze, Annabel Maruani, Denis Herbreteau
Hemangiomas are benign tumors that occur after a few days of life. The capillary malformations are isolated or constitute part of a complex angiomatosis. Venous malformations are low flow malformations with a blue color. They are of different types. The arteriovenous malformations are high flow lesions. They are difficult to treat. Lymphatic malformations are micro- or macrocystic. MRI is the gold standard for explorations. Some patients undergo maxillofacial surgical procedures and interventional radiology techniques for venous malformations, macrocystic lymphatic malformations, arteriovenous malformations...
February 2016: La Presse Médicale
Gang Li, Da-peng Xu, Shuang Tong, Lei Xue, Ning-ning Sun, Xu-kai Wang
PURPOSE: The combination treatment for mix infantile hemangiomas (IHs) using oral propranolol with topical timolol maleate was not well documented in the literature. The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effects and safety of oral propranolol along with topical timolol maleate or oral propranolol alone for treating mixed IHs in the oral and maxillofacial regions. METHODS: Between March 2013 and June 2014, a total of 31 patients with mixed IHs in the oral and maxillofacial regions were recruited to the study and randomly divided into experimental and control groups...
January 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Harpreet Kalsi, Jolie Scannell
Intraosseous hemangiomas are benign vascular malformations which are extremely rare in the maxilla, but have been reported in the mandible, zygoma and orbital region. A 12 years old female presented to the oral and maxillofacial department with an ectopically positioned upper left canine in her zygomatic bone and buccal alveolar expansion between the upper left lateral incisor and upper left first premolar. This case shows the unusual presentation of an intraosseous hemangioma associated with an ectopically migrated upper left canine tooth...
May 2013: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Ahmed O Al Yamani, Maisa O Al Sebaei, Lojain J Bassyoni, Alaa J Badghaish, Hussam H Shawly
This study was conducted to present a comprehensive view of the most common head and neck pathologies among the pediatric and adolescent population of the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Data were collected from the oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) records at King Abdulaziz University Hospital and King Fahad Hospital Jeddah (KFHJ) from the period 1998 to 2009. All patients who were 18 years of age and younger were included in the study. Identified lesions were classified into four categories: cystic, neoplastic, vascular and fibro-osseous...
October 2011: Saudi Dental Journal
R R Sadykov, F Podmelle, R A Sadykov, K R Kasimova, H R Metellmann
Propranolol has been used successfully in a limited number of children with infantile hemangiomas (IHs). This study describes the efficacy and adverse effects of propranolol in IH. Seventy-one infants with IHs were treated with oral propranolol, administered at a dose of 2 mg/kg/day, for at least 12 weeks. A photograph-based severity scoring assessment was performed by five observers to evaluate efficacy, utilizing a score of 10 as the original IHs before treatment and 0 as completely normal skin. The mean of the five independent measurements was used in the analysis...
July 2013: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Masafumi Oda, Tatsurou Tanaka, Shinji Kito, Manabu Habu, Masaaki Kodama, Shinya Kokuryo, Ikuya Miyamoto, Daigo Yoshiga, Kensuke Yamauchi, Shinnosuke Nogami, Nao Wakasugi-Sato, Shinobu Matsumoto-Takeda, Ayataka Ishikawa, Ikuko Nishida, Katsura Saeki, Kazumasa Morikawa, Kou Matsuo, Yuji Seta, Yoshihiro Yamashita, Kenshi Maki, Kazuhiro Tominaga, Yasuhiro Morimoto
The present paper provides general dentists with an introduction to the clinical applications and significance of magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) in the oral and maxillofacial regions. Specifically, the method and characteristics of MRA are first explained using the relevant MR sequences. Next, clinical applications to the oral and maxillofacial regions, such as identification of hemangiomas and surrounding vessels by MRA, are discussed. Moreover, the clinical significance of MRA for other regions is presented to elucidate future clinical applications of MRA in the oral and maxillofacial regions...
2012: International Journal of Dentistry
Kaan Orhan, Murat Icen, Secil Aksoy, Hakan Avsever, Gokcen Akcicek
Vascular tumors are the most common benign tumors of the head and neck in infancy and childhood. Vascular anomalies of the head and neck were divided into 2 categories including hemangiomas and vascular malformations. Oral and maxillofacial hemangiomas and vascular malformations are congenital lesions with various clinical characteristics, manifestations, indications, and possibilities for treatment. This paper reports a case of large arteriovenous malformations including a description of the features demonstrated by panoramic radiography, cone beam computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging...
October 2012: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Masafumi Oda, Tatsurou Tanaka, Shinji Kito, Shinobu Matsumoto-Takeda, Kozue Otsuka, Yuki Hayashi, Nao Wakasugi-Sato, Izumi Yoshioka, Manabu Habu, Shinya Kokuryo, Masaaki Kodama, Shinnosuke Nogami, Ikuya Miyamoto, Noriaki Yamamoto, Ayataka Ishikawa, Min Zhang, Kou Matsuo, Shunji Shiiba, Yuji Seta, Yoshihiro Yamashita, Tetsu Takahashi, Kazuhiro Tominaga, Yasuhiro Morimoto
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate fresh blood imaging (FBI), a magnetic resonance imaging technique that does not use contrast, for identifying hemangiomas and feeding arteries in the oral and maxillofacial regions. STUDY DESIGN: For 16 patients with hemangiomas, FBI visualizations of hemangiomas and feeding arteries in the oral and maxillofacial regions were compared with those from 3-dimensional (3D) phase-contrast magnetic resonance angiography (PC-MRA). Comparisons were based on the conspicuities of blood vessels and the 3D relationships of hemangiomas with the surrounding blood vessels...
April 2012: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Joseph E Pierse, Avichai Stern
To thoroughly understand the biology of any lesion and render the appropriate management, clear and accurate definitions are paramount. For benign cysts and tumors of the oral maxillofacial region, an accurate depiction of these lesions needs to be elucidated to provide both the treating surgeon and the patient with a clear understanding of the course of treatment and the outcome.
May 2012: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
J Hou, M Wang, H Tang, Y Wang, H Huang
The management of infantile hemangiomas remains a subject of controversy. The purpose of this study was to investigate the indications and treatment results of intralesional injection of pingyangmycin for treatment of infantile hemangiomas. In a prospective study of 66 patients, the effectiveness of intralesional injection of pingyangmycin was evaluated and documented. The lesions were all located in the oral and maxillofacial regions. The smallest lesion was 1.0 cm × 0.7 cm and the largest was 4.6 cm × 3...
November 2011: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Antonia Kolokythas, Humam Al-Ghamian, Michael Miloro
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether a difference exists in the location of the displaced inferior alveolar canal (IAC) and neurovascular bundle (toward the buccal or lingual cortex) among odontogenic tumors and vascular lesions. If some consistency exists in the manner in which the canal and bundle are displaced on radiographic examination, the nature of the mandibular lesion under examination could be anticipated. This information would assist the surgical team in treatment planning, diagnostic biopsy, and resection, especially in cases of intraosseous vascular pathologic findings...
July 2011: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Daniel Perez, David Leibold, Aaron Liddell, Mazen Duraini
There is frequently lack of understanding and apprehension among dental practitioners treating patients with vascular lesions of the oral and maxillofacial region. Arteriovenous malformations are rare lesions which can easily be misdiagnosed yet produce the very dramatic clinical presentation of severe life threatening oral bleeding. Much of this apprehension likely stems from a lack of understanding of these anomalies, including lesion behavior/ characteristics, clinical work-up, and treatment paradigms. A comprehensive, in depth review of the full spectrum of vascular lesions of the maxillofacial complex is beyond the scope of this review...
October 2010: Texas Dental Journal
Chen Lin, Jiang Li, Na Lu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and constituent characteristic of neoplasm in oromaxillo-facial region in Xinjiang. METHODS: A total of 2161 patients with benign or malignant oral-maxillofacial tumors diagnosed in Department of Dentofacial Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical College from 1995 to 2009 were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: Of the 2161 cases, 58.49% (1264/2161) was benign tumors, 33.13% (716/2161) malignant tumors, and 8...
September 2010: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Cristina Bonet-Coloma, Ignacio Mínguez-Martínez, Cristina Palma-Carrió, Sónnica Galán-Gil, María Peñarrocha-Diago, Juan-Manuel Mínguez-Sanz
OBJECTIVE: To present a large series of oral haemangiomas in children, analyzing the clinical characteristics, treatment and outcome of oral haemangiomas in 28 children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted an observational retrospective study, reviewing medical records with clinical diagnosis of haemangioma between 1990 and 2006 at the Children's Maxillofacial Surgery Service of the Hospital Universitario la Fe, Valencia. All patients with a clinical, radiographic, pathologically confirmed diagnosis of oral haemangioma were included...
January 2011: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
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