keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Jaw lesions

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413598/solitary-peripheral-ivory-osteoma-of-the-mandible-presenting-with-difficulty-in-deglutition-a-case-report
#1
Kumar Nilesh, Aaditee V Vande, Suresh K Veerabhadrappa
Osteomas are benign bone tumors which arise from the cortex or medulla of craniofacial and jaw bones. They are usually asymptomatic or present as slow-growing painless masses. Larger lesions may present with aesthetic (facial asymmetry) and functional disturbances (jaw deviation, difficulty in breathing, pain, and sensory deficits). This paper highlights a case of solitary peripheral osteoma composed of a compact bony mass arising from the lower border of the mandible in an adult female patient. The lesion presented with discomfort during deglutition, which was attributed to impingement of muscles of the oral cavity floor, including the anterior belly of digastric muscle...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412266/hyperparathyroidism-diagnosed-due-to-brown-tumors-of-the-jaw-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Philip Brabyn, Ana Capote, Marko Belloti, Ian Zylberberg
This report describes the case of a 42-year-old woman who consulted with a maxillofacial specialist for pain and an exophytic lesion in the maxilla. Biopsy examination disclosed a bone cyst with abundant giant cells, and head and neck computed tomography was performed. A diagnosis of brown tumor in the maxilla and mandible was made, and primary hyperparathyroidism (parathyroid adenoma) was determined as the origin of the bone lesions. The patient underwent a left superior parathyroidectomy, which resolved the hormonal disorder (as determined by normal calcium and parathyroid hormone levels) and the brown tumors, which appeared to have mineralized at 1-year follow-up computed tomography...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403480/box-lesion-with-single-radiofrequency-clamp
#3
Kasra Shaikhrezai, Cristiano Spadaccio, Steven Hunter
We introduce a maneuver to perform the box lesion as a part of Cox maze IV procedure with single radiofrequency clamp. The maneuver entails engaging the right pulmonary veins with the clamp, then advancing the clamp jaws underneath the superior vena cava through the transverse sinus to include the roof and the left pulmonary veins in the clamp. We regularly use this technique for box lesion with desirable transmurality.
April 12, 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389071/high-mobility-group-box-1-is-associated-with-the-inflammatory-infiltration-and-alveolar-bone-destruction-in-rats-experimental-periapical-lesions
#4
Lingshuang Liu, Jing Deng, Qiuxia Ji, Bin Peng
INTRODUCTION: This study was conducted to observe the immunohistochemical localization of high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) and its receptor, Toll-like receptor 4 (TRL4), in the development of periapical lesions induced in rats. The possible role of these molecules in the pathogenesis of periapical lesions was also explored. METHODS: Periapical lesions developed within 35 days after mandibular first molar pulp exposure in Wistar rats. The animals were randomly killed at 0, 7, 14, 21, 28, and 35 days after pulp exposure...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388515/long-term-observation-of-a-large-keratocystic-odontogenic-tumour-of-the-mandible-treated-by-a-single-enucleation-procedure-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Tobias L Pittl, Marius Meier, Paul Hakl, Walter Sutter, Dritan Turhani
INTRODUCTION: Keratocystic odontogenic tumours (KCOTs) are benign lesions of the jaw that are characterised by expansive growth and high rates of recurrence. Herein, we present a novel minimally invasive method for the surgical treatment of KCOTs. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a 49-year-old woman with a rare, large KCOT of the mandible extending from tooth 37 to tooth 47. A single enucleation procedure was selected as the surgical technique combined with a titanium plate...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387493/-mixed-radiopaque-and-radiolucent-jaw-lesions
#6
REVIEW
M Milicevic
Neoplasic and non neoplasic lesions of the jaws are regularly classified as radiopaque or radiolucent, odontogenic or not odontogenic.However, a significant number of pathologies can be classified as mixed or are initially radiolucent to later become radiopaque or mixed. Certain diseases present different stages of development that are radiolucent, radio opaque or mixed. The purpose of this article is to provide a better understanding of the imaging of these lesions based on a literature review ,and illustrated by personal clinical observations...
March 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384986/intraosseous-neurofibroma-of-the-mandible-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#7
Bindiya Ramesh Narang, Sangeeta Jayant Palaskar, Anirudha Ratnadeep Bartake, Rasika Balkrishna Pawar, Sumit Rongte
Neurofibroma (NF) is a benign tumor of the peripheral nervous system. Head and neck NF are generally located in the soft tissue. The tumour is rarely seen intraosseously and most commonly such tumours are seen as solitary lesions, rather than part of neurofibromatosis. The following report describes a case of an intraosseous neurofibroma in a 45-year-old male located in the left posterior mandible. The diagnosis was made based on the clinical findings, radio graphical features, histopathology, and immunohistochemistry...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382578/orofacial-proprioceptive-thalamus-of-the-rat
#8
Atsushi Yoshida, Takashi Fujio, Fumihiko Sato, Md Sams Sazzad Ali, Tahsinul Haque, Haruka Ohara, Masayuki Moritani, Takafumi Kato, Jonathan O Dostrovsky, Yoshihisa Tachibana
The ascending pathway mediating proprioception from the orofacial region is still not fully known. The present study elucidated the relay of jaw-closing muscle spindle (JCMS) inputs from brainstem to thalamus in rats. We injected an anterograde tracer into the electrophysiologically identified supratrigeminal nucleus (Su5), known to receive JCMS input. Many thalamic axon terminals were labeled and were found mainly contralaterally in a small, unpredicted area of the caudo-ventromedial edge (VPMcvm) of ventral posteromedial thalamic nucleus (VPM)...
April 5, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359664/omega-3-fatty-acids-reduce-bone-resorption-while-promoting-bone-generation-in-rat-apical-periodontitis
#9
Mariane Maffei Azuma, João Eduardo Gomes-Filho, Edilson Ervolino, Camila Barbosa Pipa, Carolina de Barros Morais Cardoso, Ana Cristina Andrada, Toshihisa Kawai, Luciano Tavares Angelo Cintra
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the effects of the dietary supplement omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFAs) on pulp exposure-induced apical periodontitis (AP) in rats. METHODS: Twenty-eight male rats were divided into groups: control untreated rats (C), control rats treated with ω-3 PUFAs alone (C-O), rats with pulp exposure-induced AP, and rats with pulp exposure-induced AP treated with ω-3 PUFAs (AP-O). The ω-3 PUFAs were administered orally, once a day, for 15 days before pulp exposure and, subsequently, 30 days after pulp exposure...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357005/peripheral-solitary-osteoma-of-the-zygomatic-arch-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Thomas Starch-Jensen
Osteoma is a benign slow-growing osteogenic neoplasm commonly occurring in the craniofacial skeleton, characterized by the proliferation of compact and/or cancellous bone. Osteomas may be peripheral, central, or extraskeletal. Peripheral osteomas arise from the periosteum and are quite uncommon in the jaw bones. The exact aetiology and pathogenesis of peripheral osteoma are unknown. Clinically, peripheral osteomas are usually asymptomatic, but depending on the location and size of the lesion, it may cause swelling, pain, esthetic disfigurement and functional impairment...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341434/trends-in-maxillofacial-imaging
#11
REVIEW
R Boeddinghaus, A Whyte
Maxillofacial imaging encompasses radiology of the teeth and jaws, including the temporomandibular joints. Modalities used include intra-oral radiographs, panoramic tomography, cephalograms, cone-beam computed tomography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, and radionuclide imaging. Common indications for imaging are impacted and supernumerary teeth, dental implants, inflammatory dental disease, and fibro-osseous lesions, cysts, and masses of the jaws. Osteonecrosis of the jaws may follow radiotherapy or the use of bisphosphonates and other drugs...
March 21, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322323/anti-inflammatory-properties-of-shikonin-contribute-to-improved-early-stage-diabetic-retinopathy
#12
Po-Lin Liao, Cheng-Hui Lin, Ching-Hao Li, Chi-Hao Tsai, Jau-Der Ho, George C Y Chiou, Jaw-Jou Kang, Yu-Wen Cheng
Diabetic retinopathy (DR), a major microvascular complication of diabetes, leads to retinal vascular leakage, neuronal dysfunction, and apoptosis within the retina. In this study, we combined STZ with whole-body hypoxia (10% O2) for quicker induction of early-stage retinopathy in C57BL/6 mice. We also compared the effects of a high glucose condition combined with hypoxia (1% O2) to a low glucose condition by using retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells, which are a crucial component of the outer blood-retinal barrier and the damage is related to retinopathy...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319279/borderline-lepromatous-leprosy-erythema-nodosum-leprosum-and-a-generalized-varicella-zoster-virus-infection
#13
Cornelis Kennedy, Bernard Naafs
We report the case of a thirty-year-old man with Mid-Borderline (BB) to Borderline Lepromatous Leprosy (BL) who was admitted to the hospital with blistering lesions on his upper and lower extremities. These lesions, which were partly filled with pus rapidly developed into erosions and ulcerations with hemorrhagic crusts. Other observations at time of admission included a tender erythematous plaque on his forehead, a drop foot on the right leg, muscle atrophy in both hands, a low grade fever, and pain and swelling in his right lower jaw...
March 20, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316945/a-retrospective-analysis-of-radiographic-jaw-findings-in-young-women-prevalence-and-predictors
#14
Sara M El Khateeb, Osama Abu-Hammad, Hani Fadel, Najla Dar-Odeh
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and types of jaw pathologic findings as detected in panoramic radiographs of a sample of young women attending a teaching hospital in Al Madinah Al Munawarah, Saudi Arabia, and to determine the most important factors that predict the occurrence of jaw pathologic findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The electronic clinical files of a representative sample of female patients who attended the outpatient dental clinics were retrieved...
January 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316283/combination-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-recurrent-central-giant-cell-lesion-in-the-maxilla-a-case-report
#15
Jefferson Paulo de Oliveira, Fernanda Olivete, Naylin Danyele de Oliveira, Allan Fernando Giovanini, João César Zielak, Leandro Klüppel, Rafaela Scariot
BACKGROUND: Central giant cell lesion is a non-neoplastic proliferation, usually asymptomatic, of unknown etiology. The purpose of this case report is to report the diagnosis and the treatment of a recurrent central giant cell lesion in the maxilla. CASE PRESENTATION: A 31-year-old Brazilian woman presented to our Surgery Service for evaluation of a cystic lesion in her teeth 13 and 15, although she had previously received endodontic treatment for her teeth 13 and 15 without regression of the lesion...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302235/glandular-odontogenic-cyst
#16
Betina Chandolia, Manas Bajpai, Manika Arora
The glandular odontogenic cyst (GOC), though rare, has now become a well known entity. The frequency of GOC ranges from 0.012% to 1.3% of all jaw cysts and its worldwide prevalence is 0.17%. The GOC's microscopic features have been well documented, and are also included in the list of World Health Organization. We report a case of GOC presenting as a unilocular osteodestructive lesion of anterior mandible in a 28-year female. The diagnosis was made on the basis of characteristic histological findings.
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298998/condylar-intramedullary-intraosseous-lipoma-contribution-of-a-new-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Alba Sanjuan, Alicia Dean, Blas Garcia, Francisco Alamillos, Elisa Roldan, Antonio Blanco
BACKGROUND: Lipoma is the most common benign tumour of the human body, being intraosseous involvement very rare. Just 1 to 4% of all cases of lipoma are located in the oral cavity, only 0.1% being intraosseous. The jaw is its most uncommon bone location. Etiology of intraosseous lipoma (IOL) is unknown, although several theories have been proposed. Usually asymptomatic, the symptoms, when present, will depend on its location and size. Its origin may be intraosseous or juxtacortical. A biopsy is essential for diagnosis, and definitive treatment involves resection or curettage of the lesion...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286679/a-case-of-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-in-a-patient-with-subpontic-osseous-hyperplasia
#18
Chiaki Tsuji, Hiroshi Watanabe, Hidenori Nakayama, Mitsuo Goto, Kenichi Kurita
Subpontic osseous hyperplasia (SOH) is a growth of bone occurring on the edentulous ridge beneath the pontics of fixed partial dentures (FPDs). This report describes a case of bisphosphonate- (BP-) related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) in a SOH patient followed by deciduation of the bony lesion. A 73-year-old woman visited a dental clinic after experiencing pain and swelling beneath the pontics of a FPD that had been inserted 15 years ago. The pontics were removed, but the symptoms persisted and she was referred to our hospital...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286388/autogenous-bone-marrow-aspirate-coated-synthetic-hydroxyapatite-for-reconstruction-of-maxillo-mandibular-osseous-defects-a-prospective-study
#19
Raja Sekhar Gali, Sathya Kumar Devireddy, N Mohan Rao, R V Kishore Kumar, Sridhar Reddy Kanubaddy, Mallikarjuna Dasari, K Sowjanya, Rama Mohan Pathapati
PURPOSE: This prospective study was conducted to evaluate the bone regeneration capacity of synthetic hydroxyapatite mixed with autogenous bone marrow aspirate when used as a bone graft substitute in maxillo-mandibular osseous defects. METHODS: This study included nine patients with histopathalogically proven benign osteolytic lesions in maxilla and mandible that were treated with enucleation or marginal resection followed by bone marrow aspirate coated synthetic biphasic hydroxyapatite (hydroxyapatite and beta tricalcium phosphate) graft placement...
March 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280638/a-giant-cell-lesion-with-cellular-cannibalism-in-the-mandible-case-report-and-review-of-brown-tumors-in-hyperparathyroidism
#20
Lorenzo Azzi, Laura Cimetti, Matteo Annoni, Diego Anselmi, Lucia Tettamanti, Angelo Tagliabue
A small radiolucent area in the mandible was discovered in a 58-year-old woman with no oral complaints. The patient's history included only hypertension. The lesion was considered as an inflammatory cyst and was enucleated. Three months later, a CT revealed the presence of a cyst-like lesion in the mandible with thin expanded buccal cortical plate, localized erosion, and a polylobate appearance on the lingual aspect of the cortical plate. The histological diagnosis of the lesion was central giant-cell granuloma (CGCG)...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
keyword
keyword
107826
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"