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Jaw lesions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642568/treatment-for-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw
#1
Silvia Spivakovsky
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register, CENTRAL, Medline, Embase, CancerLit, CINAHL, AMED, clinicaltrials.gov and the WHO International Trial Registry Platform. The reviewers searched six grey literature sites and contacted authors, researchers and pharmaceutical companies.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials for the treatment of BRONJ comparing interventions with other treatment or placebo were included in any setting with no age restriction.Data extraction and synthesisIndependently, two reviewers selected studies for inclusion, risk of bias and data extraction...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637936/a-case-of-bickerstaff-brainstem-encephalitis-with-transient-reflex-myoclonus
#2
Ryusuke Takaki, Takamura Nagasaka, Yumi Suwa, Mai Tsuchiya, Kishin Kho, Yoshihisa Takiyama
A 33-year-old woman was admitted due to disturbance of consciousness, dysarthria, dysphagia, sensory disturbances and weakness of the left upper limb after mycoplasma infection. She was treated with intravenous immunoglobulin and intravenous high-dose methylprednisolone as Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis (BBE). On the 15th hospital day, reflex myoclonus appeared on her face, neck, body and limbs induced by techniques of jaw jerk reflex and patellar tendon reflex. The myoclonus was disappeared after two weeks in accordance with improvement of BBE...
June 21, 2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631627/ameloblastoma-a-16-year-clinicopathological-study-on-goan-population
#3
Karla Maria Carvalho, Anita Dhupar, Anita Spadigam, Shaheen Syed
BACKGROUND: Ameloblastoma is a benign slow growing tumor of odontogenic origin composed of epithelial cells that resemble enamel forming cells namely the ameloblasts however these lesional cells do not differentiate to produce enamel. They are locally aggressive and can cause severe abnormalities of the face and jaw. AIM: This study aimed to correlate the incidence and recurrence rates of ameloblastoma to the different clinical and histopathological parameters. METHODS: A study on ameloblastomas in the Goan population for 16 years (1999-2014) was carried out...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630843/osteosarcoma-of-jaw-with-varying-histomorphologic-patterns-case-report
#4
Ruchika Ravi Agrawal, Jyoti Dilip Bhavthankar, Mandakini Subhash Mandale, Purva Prakash Patil
INTRODUCTION: Osteosarcoma is a malignant mesenchymal tumor whose cancerous cells produce osteoid matrix. It is a common primary malignant bone tumor, representing 23% of total head and neck malignancies. Osteosarcomas of the jaws are rare lesions, representing only 4-7% of all osteosarcomas. This presentation discusses the clinical, radiographical, and histopathological features of a case of osteosarcoma of the mandible with unusual histopathological appearance. CASE REPORT: A 21-year-old male patient reported with a diffuse swelling of the right side of mandible with dull ache and increasing difficulties with eating and speech...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624341/extranodal-lymphoma-arising-within-the-maxillary-alveolus-a-case-report
#5
David MacDonald, Thomas Li, Siu Fai Leung, Justin Curtin, Andy Yeung, Montgomery A Martin
OBJECTIVE: Extranodal lymphomas affecting the head and neck arise infrequently within the bones of the jaws. This is a report of a symptom-free patient whose general dentist detected a radiolucency as an incidental finding on conventional radiography. STUDY DESIGN: The conventional radiography of lesions in the maxilla displayed "floating teeth" indicative of malignancy. This case was then imaged by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), multidetector computed tomography (MDCT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
May 4, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620553/unusual-case-of-extraction-of-maxillary-lateral-incisors-and-mandibular-central-incisors
#6
Rosa-María Yañez-Vico, Maria Cadenas de Llano-Perula, Enrique Solano-Reina
INTRODUCTION: This article's purpose is to report a case where maxillary lateral incisors and mandibular central incisors are extracted and a canine substitution was performed as the best therapeutic option in order to obtain symmetry in a malocclusion with an upper lateral incisor with poor prognostic, solve moderate crowding, get enough space for the permanent dentition, and provide stability to the results. CASE REPORT: An 11-year-old boy with straight profile with acute-to-normal nasolabial angle and protruded lips, mixed dentition, lower and upper severe crowding, and a bilateral molar angle Class I...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616153/a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-successful-management-of-gorlin-syndrome
#7
Ryan N Mello, Zaki Khan, Umar Choudry
Gorlin-Goltz syndrome (GGS) is a rare genetic syndrome with variable expressivity and autosomal dominant inheritance. The major features of GGS include numerous basal cell carcinomas (BCCs), keratocysts of the jaw, palmar/plantar pits and calcification of the falx cerebri. Authors report the case of a 51-year-old male with a 19-year history of GGS and multiple BCCs of the head and neck. He presented with a large ulcerating lesion on the right side of his face involving cutaneous, subcutaneous and muscular tissues of the temporal and orbital region...
June 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607887/odontogenic-tumours-of-jaw-a-prospective-study-on-clinico-pathological-profile-and-their-management
#8
Dwaipayan Mukherjee, Chiranjib Das, Pritam Chatterjee
Odontogenic tumours are a group of heterogeneous diseases that range from hamartomatous or non-neoplastic tissue proliferations to benign neoplasms to malignant tumours with metastatic potential. They are rare, comprising about <2-3% of all oral and maxillofacial biopsy specimens. The aim of the present study was to determine the clinico-pathological presentation of this heterogeneous group of lesions and review of literature. The present study was conducted in the ENT department of a Government Medical College and Hospital, West Bengal, India, over the period of 5 years from January 2011 to December 2015...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602263/immunohistochemical-and-histochemical-characterization-of-intraosseous-arteriovenous-malformations-of-the-jaws-analysis-of-16-cases-with-emphasis-on-glut-1-immunophenotype
#9
Reda Taleb, Ioannis G Koutlas, Prokopios P Argyris
OBJECTIVES: Intraosseous vascular lesions of the craniofacial region are rare and may cause diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. The purpose of this study was to characterize 16 cases of intraosseous arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) affecting the jaws. STUDY DESIGN: Immunohistochemical evaluation was performed using antibodies against α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), desmin, CD31, D2-40, and glucose transporter 1 (GLUT-1). Staining with elastic Verhoeff-Van Gieson and Masson trichrome histochemical stains was also performed...
April 25, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602260/cystic-lesions-of-the-jaws-a-retrospective-clinicopathologic-study-of-2030-cases
#10
Lorenzo Lo Muzio, Marco Mascitti, Andrea Santarelli, Corrado Rubini, Fabrizio Bambini, Maurizio Procaccini, Dario Bertossi, Massimo Albanese, Vincenzo Bondì, Pier Francesco Nocini
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to perform an epidemiologic analysis of cases of jaw cysts treated from 1973 to 2012 at the Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit of the Verona Hospital, Italy, and to compare the data obtained with those published in the literature. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective survey of 2030 patients treated for jaw cysts from 1973 to 2012 was performed. The lesions were classified according to the 2005 World Health Organization histologic classification, and the following variables were analyzed: age, gender, histopathologic diagnosis, and site of onset...
April 19, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579714/neumann-s-tumor-a-case-report
#11
Kashi Nataraj Vinay, Lidetu Afework Anjulo, Prabhakar Nitin, Kashi Vinay Neha, Dwivedi Dhara
BACKGROUND: The congenital granular cell tumour of the newborn, also known as congenital epulis or Neumann's tumor, is rare. It occurs on the gingiva of the anterior alveolar ridge of the jaws. This lesion behaves in a benign manner and no recurrent or metastatic lesions have been reported. CASE REPORT: We are reporting a 2-day-old female neonate, who came to our unit with a well defined, solitary, firm mass arising from the maxillary anterior region measuring about 3...
March 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571287/surgical-management-of-a-rare-case-of-massive-compound-odontome-associated-with-missing-primary-tooth
#12
Elengkumaran Sankaran, Sangeetha Narasimhan, K S Sabitha, Punit Chitlangia
Odontomes are considered to be the most common odontogenic tumours of the jaws. They are benign, mixed tumours arising from the remnants of both odontogenic epithelium and the ectomesenchyme resulting in the deposition of varied propotions of enamel, dentin, cementum and pulp tissues. As these lesions show deficiency only in structural arrangement, some authors consider odontomes as hamartomas or tumour like malformations. Though these lesions are more common in children, very few cases have been reported in less than five years age group...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571285/unicystic-ameloblastoma-of-mandible-with-an-unusual-diverse-histopathology-a-rare-case-report
#13
Kanu Jain, Gaurav Sharma, Priyanka Kardam, Monica Mehendiratta
Ameloblastomas of jaws are benign odontogenic tumours with four clinical variants being solid multicystic type, unicystic type, extra osseous type and desmoplastic type. Unicystic ameloblastoma accounts for only 13% of all the known cases in the scientific literature. Follicular and plexiform patterns are the commonly seen histopathological patterns in unicystic ameloblastoma. Though rare in itself, presence of granular cells along with acanthomatous changes occurring in unicystic ameloblastoma is a rare phenomenon...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566876/trabecular-variant-a-rare-entity-of-juvenile-ossifying-fibroma-of-the-mandible
#14
Pallavi Malaviya, Sandeep Choudhary, Sahil Gupta, O D Toshniwal
One of the rarest entities of fibro-osseous lesions that arise within the craniofacial bones is Juvenile ossifying fibroma (JOF). It is an intraosseous expansile lesion of the jaw that imitate odontogenic lesions. WHO has described two distinct histopathological variants of JOF; trabecular and psammomatoid. Histologically, they are characterized by the presence of fibrous connective tissue stroma along with osteoblastic and osteoclastic cells. Clinical, characteristics show an early age of onset, typical histological patterns, high rate of aggressive behavior and recurrence...
January 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566864/comparative-evaluation-of-caries-status-in-primary-and-permanent-molars-in-7-8-year-old-schoolchildren-of-shimla-using-caries-assessment-spectrum-and-treatment-index
#15
Divya Doneria, Seema Thakur, Parul Singhal, Deepak Chauhan, Cheranjeevi Jayam, Anika Uppal
BACKGROUND: A new epidemiological index is introduced for full assessment of dental caries which is known as caries assessment spectrum and treatment (CAST). "Spectrum" is considered backbone of this index as it covers from no lesion to advanced stage progression of caries. We aimed to evaluate and compare the status of caries in primary and permanent molars of 7-8-year-old schoolchildren of Shimla using CAST index and to find if any correlation exists between the status of caries in evaluated teeth...
January 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543986/a-case-of-primordial-odontogenic-tumor-a-new-entity-in-the-latest-who-classification-2017
#16
Toshinori Ando, Madhu Shrestha, Takashi Nakamoto, Kaori Uchisako, Sachiko Yamasaki, Koichi Koizumi, Ikuko Ogawa, Mutsumi Miyauchi, Takashi Takata
Primordial odontogenic tumor (POT) is a rare lesion in the jaw which has been included as a new entity of benign mixed epithelial and mesenchymal odontogenic tumour in the latest World Health Organization (WHO) classification (2017). Only seven cases have been reported. It typically occurs in the posterior mandible. We report an additional case of POT in the maxilla of an 8-year-old girl presenting with an asymptomatic buccal enlargement. A well-defined, unilocular, radiolucent lesion was observed radiographically...
May 25, 2017: Pathology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538076/regeneration-of-cystic-bone-cavities-and-bone-defects-with-bioactive-glass-s53p4-in-the-upper-and-lower-jaws
#17
Patricia Stoor, Satu Apajalahti, Risto Kontio
Cysts and tumors are common lesions in the jaws. To be able to retain a good volume of the alveolar ridge during healing as well as strengthening the angle and body of the mandible and provide an instant improved support for adjacent teeth, reliable long-term bone regeneration is needed. The purpose of this prospective study was to promote bone regeneration by filling bony defects in the upper or lower jaw with granules of the bioactive glass S53P4 (BAG), which have osteostimulative and antimicrobial properties...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529749/chondroblastic-osteosarcoma-arising-in-the-maxilla-mimicking-the-radiographic-and-histological-characteristics-of-cemento-osseous-lesions-a-case-report
#18
Bin-Bin Li, Jian-Yun Zhang, Yan Gao
Osteosarcomas of the jaw are comparatively rare and represent only 2-10% of all osteosarcomas. We herein present a rare case of an osteosarcoma exhibiting the radiographic and histological characteristics of cemento-osseous lesions in the alveolar ridge of the maxilla. A 53-year-old male patient presented with the complaint of gradual swelling of the left maxilla over 4 years. Radiography revealed an ill-defined radioopaque mass, intimately associated with the apices of the involved teeth, without a periosteal reaction...
May 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512540/the-effects-of-three-remineralizing-agents-on-regression-of-white-spot-lesions-in-children-a-two-week-single-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Masoumeh Ebrahimi, Maryam Mehrabkhani, Farzaneh Ahrari, Iman Parisay, Maliheh Jahantigh
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effect of three remineralizing agents on improving white spot lesions (WSLs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This clinical trial included children who had at least one WSL on anterior teeth of upper or lower jaws. The participants were randomly assigned to 4 groups by treatment: 1) a cream containing casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate and fluoride (MI Paste Plus); 2) a cream containing hydroxyapatite and fluoride (Remin Pro); 3) a 2% sodium fluoride gel; and 4) usual home care (control)...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495394/chronic-temporomandibular-joint-pain-two-cases-of-osteoid-osteoma-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
J T Deferm, S C A Steens, D Vriens, E M Bekers, S I Kalaykova, W A Borstlap
Osteoid osteoma is a benign bone tumour with self-limiting growth potential occurring in any part of the body. Two rare cases of a pathologically proven osteoid osteoma invading the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) are reported herein. This article also reviews the cases of osteoid osteoma of the craniofacial complex reported in the English-language literature to date. Although the clinical presentation of osteoid osteoma in the jaw differs from that of osteoid osteoma in the more common locations, the radiographic features are similar...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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