keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Oral Herpes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757748/postoperative-herpetic-endophthalmitis-a-case-report
#1
Ya-Yun Yang, Yuan-Chieh Lee
We report a case of herpetic endophthalmitis following cataract surgery. A 65-year-old man underwent uneventful phacoemulsification and vision improved within the first few postoperative days. However, visual loss with an anterior chamber reaction of ++++ and a ++ vitreous cell were noted in the 4th postoperative week. Repeated intravitreal injection of vancomycin and ceftriaxone, pars plana vitrectomy and removal of the intraocular lens (IOL), and the capsular bag were performed sequentially but in vain. Bacterial, mycobacterial, and fungal culture of the IOL and capsular bag demonstrated negative findings...
October 2016: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756983/morphological-characteristics-of-fatal-pediatric-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-a-clinicopathological-study-with-related-receptors-of-ev71
#2
Yong-Yao Gu, Ke Shi, Sha Yao, Xia Yang, Yu-Hui Liu, Lan Tang, Yi-Wu Dang, Gang Chen, Zhen-Bo Feng, Hong-Bo Pan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pathological features of fatal pediatric hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD). METHODS: The histopathological features of HFMD were first summarized from literature, and then confirmed by in-house autopsies. Furthermore, immunohistochemistry was conducted to detect the distribution and expression level of two enterovirus 71 (EV71) receptors scavenger receptor class B, member 2 (SCARB2), and P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL1) in the samples of autopsies...
July 6, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732908/manufacture-and-characterization-of-chitosan-plga-nanoparticles-nanocomposite-buccal-films
#3
Talitha Caldas Dos Santos, Nicoletta Rescignano, Laurita Boff, Flávio Henrique Reginatto, Cláudia Maria Oliveira Simões, Angela Machado de Campos, Carmen Ugarte Mijangos
Oral bioavailability of C-glycosyl flavonoid enriched fraction of Cecropia glaziovii (EFF-Cg) is limited due to its chemical complexity. The purpose of this study is the prospective evaluation of chitosan buccal films impregnated with EFF-Cg-loaded nanospheres as a drug delivery system for labial herpes treatment or for buccal administration. EFF-Cg-loaded PLGA nanospheres were prepared by double emulsion solvent evaporation technique. Nanoparticles were embedded into buccoadhesive chitosan films in different concentrations in order to obtain nanocomposite films...
October 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732069/saccharomyces-boulardii-cncm-i-745-supplementation-reduces-gastrointestinal-dysfunction-in-an-animal-model-of-ibs
#4
Paola Brun, Melania Scarpa, Chiara Marchiori, Gloria Sarasin, Valentina Caputi, Andrea Porzionato, Maria Cecilia Giron, Giorgio Palù, Ignazio Castagliuolo
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the effect of Saccharomyces boulardii CNCM I-745 on intestinal neuromuscular anomalies in an IBS-type mouse model of gastrointestinal motor dysfunctions elicited by Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 (HSV-1) exposure. METHODS: Mice were inoculated intranasally with HSV-1 (102 PFU) or vehicle at time 0 and 4 weeks later by the intragastric (IG) route (108 PFU). Six weeks after IG inoculum, mice were randomly allocated to receive oral gavage with either S...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727702/subcutaneous-injection-of-triamcinolone-and-lidocaine-to-prevent-postherpetic-neuralgia
#5
Jiaxiang Ni, Xiaoping Wang, Yuanzhang Tang, Liqiang Yang, Yuanjie Zeng, Yuna Guo
BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster (HZ) is associated with inflammation of the peripheral nerves, which is considered to be an important cause of postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). Interventions aimed at reducing this inflammation could prevent PHN. One option is the epidural administration of corticosteroid and local anesthetic. However, several authors have reported a risk of arachnoiditis with epidural corticosteroids. Subcutaneous injection in an outpatient setting is a safer option. However, there is limited evidence of the effectiveness of this alternative for preventing PHN...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723706/oral-shedding-of-herpesviruses-in-hiv-patients-with-varying-degrees-of-immune-status
#6
Dirk P Dittmer, Kristen Tamburro, Huichao Chen, Anthony Lee, Marcia K Sanders, Tischan A Wade, Sonia Napravnik, Jennifer Webster-Cyriaque, Mahmoud Ghannoum, Caroline H Shiboski, Judith A Aberg
OBJECTIVE: Herpesvirus shedding in the oral cavity was analyzed to determine if presence in the oral compartment correlates with systemic changes in HIV-associated immune deficiency as measured by CD4+ counts, plasma HIV viral load (VL) and presence of AIDS-defining events. DESIGN: A5254 is a multicenter, cross-sectional, single-visit study to evaluate oral complications of HIV/AIDS and determine the association between clinical appearance, herpesvirus shedding and immune status as ascertained by CD4 count and HIV viral load...
July 18, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720638/a-case-of-shingles-following-auricular-acupuncture
#7
Steven A Kewish
This is a case report of an occurrence of shingles (herpes zoster [HZ]) following auricular acupuncture. The patient developed acute reactivation HZ in the V1 distribution of the right trigeminal nerve involving the forehead, scalp, and medial upper eyelid 13 days after being treated with auricular acupuncture for chronic low-back pain. The lesions were initially painless, but they clustered and became painful within 2 days. The patient was treated with oral valacyclovir 1000 mg, 3 times daily for 7 days, and ibuprofen as needed...
July 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715092/the-origins-of-oral-medicine-in-the-hippocratic-collected-works
#8
REVIEW
Helen Askitopoulou, Vasileia Nyktari, Alexandra Papaioannou, Georgios Stefanakis, Elina Konsolaki
The collected works of Hippocrates describe for the first time in a systematic way a large number of oral diseases, such as ulcers, inflammations, abscesses and tumours from the epiglottis, mouth, tongue, palate, uvula and the sublingual area. Several of these case reports are remarkable for the accurate observation of clinical symptoms and signs, the aetiology, the pathogenesis and their therapeutic approach in relation to prognosis. The Hippocratic authors report cases of 'aphthae' as part of a polysystemic disease, described many centuries later by Behçet and Adamantiades, while they associate features of splenomegaly from endemic malaria with gingivitis ('ulitis')...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714180/tofacitinib-for-the-treatment-of-moderate-to-severe-chronic-plaque-psoriasis-in-japanese-patients-subgroup-analyses-from-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-phase-3-trial
#9
Masatoshi Abe, Chikako Nishigori, Hideshi Torii, Hironobu Ihn, Kei Ito, Makoto Nagaoka, Naoki Isogawa, Isao Kawaguchi, Yukiko Tomochika, Mihoko Kobayashi, Anna M Tallman, Kim A Papp
Tofacitinib is an oral Janus kinase inhibitor. These post-hoc analyses assessed tofacitinib efficacy and safety in Japanese patients with psoriasis enrolled in a 52-week global phase 3 study. Patients received tofacitinib 5 mg, tofacitinib 10 mg or placebo twice daily (b.i.d.); placebo-treated patients advanced to tofacitinib at week 16. Primary efficacy end-points were the proportions of patients with 75% or more reduction from baseline Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI-75) and Physician's Global Assessment (PGA) of "clear" or "almost clear" (PGA response) at week 16...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711084/herpes-zoster-in-psoriasis-patients-treated-with-tofacitinib
#10
Kevin L Winthrop, Mark Lebwohl, Arnon D Cohen, Jeffrey M Weinberg, Stephen K Tyring, Scott T Rottinghaus, Pankaj Gupta, Kaori Ito, Huaming Tan, Mandeep Kaur, Alexander Egeberg, Lotus Mallbris, Hernan Valdez
BACKGROUND: Tofacitinib is an oral Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor. Immunomodulatory therapies can increase the risk for herpes zoster (HZ) in patients with psoriasis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between tofacitinib use and HZ risk. METHODS: We used phases 2 and 3 and long-term extension (LTE) data from the tofacitinib development program in psoriasis to calculate HZ incidence rates (IR; events per 100 patient-years); potential HZ risk factors were evaluated using Cox-proportional hazard models...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708648/oral-localization-of-kaposi-sarcoma-clinical-presentation-and-conservative-management
#11
Paolo Garzino-Demo, Arianna Mettus, Fabio Passalacqua, Federico Vittone, Guglielmo Ramieri
Kaposi sarcoma (KS) caused by human herpes virus type-8 is the most frequent immunosuppression-associated malignancy worldwide and its treatment is still controversial. We report on the clinical management of a patient who developed oral KS after liver transplantation. The disease appeared 1 month after the transplant and recurred after 4 months. The patient represents, to our knowledge, a rare case that was treated successfully only by shifting a conventional immunosuppressive therapy to everolimus alone.
July 13, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689961/pregabalin-reduces-cisplatin-induced-mechanical-allodynia-in-rats
#12
Yoshihiro Seto, Miyuki Takase, Yasuhiro Tsuji, Hideto To
Although cisplatin (CDDP) is a key drug in cancer chemotherapy, CDDP-induced peripheral neuropathy is a dose-limiting factor. We previously reported that CDDP-induced peripheral neuropathy, which progressed from allodynia to hypoalgesia, was ameliorated by the administration of CDDP to rats at a specific time. However, mechanical allodynia cannot be prevented therapeutically. Pregabalin (PGN) is used to suppress neuropathic pain from herpes zoster and diabetes. Therefore, we investigated the effects of PGN on CDDP-induced mechanical allodynia in rats...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686974/phytotherapeutic-potential-of-natural-herbal-medicines-for-the-treatment-of-mild-to-severe-atopic-dermatitis-a-review-of-human-clinical-studies
#13
REVIEW
Zahid Hussain, Hnin Ei Thu, Ahmad Nazrun Shuid, Prashant Kesharwani, Shahzeb Khan, Fahad Hussain
For many decades, natural herbal medicines, polyherbal formulations and/or decoctions of plant-derived materials have widely been accepted as alternative complementary therapies for the treatment, cure or prevention of a wide range of acute and chronic skin diseases including chronic herpes, prurigo, acute and chronic wounds, psoriasis and atopic dermatitis (AD). This review was aimed to summarize and critically discuss about the therapeutic viability and clinical applicability of natural herbal medicines for the treatment of AD in human...
September 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684923/bilateral-herpes-zoster-in-a-patient-with-end-stage-kidney-disease
#14
Tetsu Akimoto, Shigeaki Muto, Daisuke Nagata
Herpes zoster (HZ) is caused by the reactivation of a latent varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection within the cranial or dorsal root ganglia. The cutaneous lesions of HZ are typically limited to a single dermatome, while non-contiguous HZ involving two or more dermatomes is a very rare clinical entity. In this report, we describe a case of HZ involving the left and right side of the abdomen corresponding to the T11 dermatome in a 63-year-old man on chronic peritoneal dialysis. The characteristic cutaneous manifestation encouraged us to ascribe the disease to HZ duplex bilateralis, and the patient was given a single dose of oral valacyclovir and achieved a favorable outcome...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684301/impact-of-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-on-the-prevalence-of-oral-lesions-in-hiv-positive-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
V L de Almeida, I F P Lima, P K Ziegelmann, L R Paranhos, F R de Matos
The aim of this study was to determine whether highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is associated with the prevalence of oral lesions in HIV-positive patients. This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses). The search was conducted in seven electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, SciELO, LILACS, Embase, Web of Science, and OpenGrey), without restriction on publication period or language...
July 3, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680463/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-herpes-simplex-1-virus-infection-in-pregnancy
#16
REVIEW
Rachel Lee, Manju Nair
A nulliparous woman presented at 21 weeks' gestation with a 72-h history of a rash on her left arm. Initially isolated to the forearm, it had quickly spread, becoming multiple itchy fluid-filled blisters. Blood tests showed mild neutrophilia and raised CRP. Skin swabs demonstrated the presence of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV1) DNA. There was no history of previous HSV1 exposure. There is scant literature on uncomplicated cutaneous HSV1 since the majority is oral/genital. The incidence of transmission varies and is dependent on site of infection and immunological status...
June 2017: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669106/oral-shedding-of-human-herpesviruses-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#17
Dmitry José de Santana Sarmento, Tânia Regina Tozetto-Mendoza, Laura Masami Sumita, Ligia Camara Pierroti, Débora Pallos, Rubens Caliento, Michelle Palmieri, Victor Adriano de Oliveira Martins, Marina Gallottini, Claudio Sergio Pannuti, Paulo Henrique Braz-Silva
OBJECTIVE: To describe the shedding profile of human herpesviruses in the saliva of renal transplant recipients. METHODS: This is a prospective case-control study of 50 renal transplant recipients and control group of 50 individuals (non-transplanted and immunocompetent). Mouthwash samples were collected via oral rinse and then submitted to screening for the presence of eight types of herpesviruses by using multiplex PCR. Fisher's exact, chi-square, and Student t tests were used for statistical analysis, and the significance level was set at 5%...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652425/evaluation-of-biological-activity-of-mastic-extracts-based-on-chemotherapeutic-indices
#18
Ryuichiro Suzuki, Hiroshi Sakagami, Shigeru Amano, Kunihiko Fukuchi, Katsuyoshi Sunaga, Taisei Kanamoto, Shigemi Terakubo, Hideki Nakashima, Yoshiaki Shirataki, Mineko Tomomura, Yoshiko Masuda, Satoshi Yokose, Akito Tomomura, Hirofumi Watanabe, Masaki Okawara, Yoshiharu Matahira
BACKGROUND: Most previous mastic investigators have not considered its potent cytotoxicity that may significantly affect the interpretation of obtained data. In the present study, we re-evaluated several biological activities of mastic extracts, based on chemotherapeutic indexes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pulverized mastic gum was extracted with n-hexane and then with ethyl acetate or independently with methanol or n-butanol. Tumor specificity (TS) of the extracts was determined by their cytotoxicity against human malignant and non-malignant cells...
July 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643544/varicella-zoster-meningovasculitis-in-a-multiple-sclerosis-patient-treated-with-natalizumab
#19
Patricia Mulero, Cristina Auger, Laura Parolin, Elena Fonseca, Manuel Requena, Jordi Rio, Mar Tintoré, Alex Rovira, Xavier Montalban
BACKGROUND: Natalizumab is associated with the occasional occurrence of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). While natalizumab-associated PML is well described in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, herpes and other infections have rarely been reported. OBJECTIVE: To report a case of varicella-zoster (VZV) meningovasculitis in a MS patient treated with natalizumab. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 48-year-old woman diagnosed with MS in treatment with natalizumab (Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS): 4...
June 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632111/herpes-neolabialis-herpes-simplex-virus-type-1-infection-of-the-neolabia-in-a-transgender-woman
#20
Lian Elfering, Wouter B van der Sluis, Joline F Mermans, Marlon E Buncamper
A 24-year-old transgender woman consulted our outpatient clinic with a painful, itchy and red left labia. She underwent a penile inversion vaginoplasty 18 months before presentation. At physical examination of the left labia, erythema, edema and herpetic vesicles with ulceration were observed. A vesicle fluid swab was obtained and the presence of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) was detected by PCR assay. Treatment consisted of oral valaciclovir (500 mg twice daily) for a total of five days.Topically-applied lidocaine cream (3%) was used for pain management...
July 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
keyword
keyword
107822
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"