keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Oral Herpes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632111/herpes-neolabialis-herpes-simplex-virus-type-1-infection-of-the-neolabia-in-a-transgender-woman
#1
Lian Elfering, Wouter B van der Sluis, Joline F Mermans, Marlon E Buncamper
A 24-year-old transgender woman consulted our outpatient clinic with a painful, itchy and red left labia. She underwent a penile inversion vaginoplasty 18 months before presentation. At physical examination of the left labia, erythema, edema and herpetic vesicles with ulceration were observed. A vesicle fluid swab was obtained and the presence of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) was detected by PCR assay. Treatment consisted of oral valaciclovir (500 mg twice daily) for a total of five days.Topically-applied lidocaine cream (3%) was used for pain management...
July 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581445/glutamine-supplementation-suppresses-herpes-simplex-virus-reactivation
#2
Kening Wang, Yo Hoshino, Kennichi Dowdell, Marta Bosch-Marce, Timothy G Myers, Mayra Sarmiento, Lesley Pesnicak, Philip R Krause, Jeffrey I Cohen
Chronic viral infections are difficult to treat, and new approaches are needed, particularly those aimed at reducing reactivation by enhancing immune responses. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) establishes latency and reactivates frequently, and breakthrough reactivation can occur despite suppressive antiviral therapy. Virus-specific T cells are important to control HSV, and proliferation of activated T cells requires increased metabolism of glutamine. Here, we found that supplementation with oral glutamine reduced virus reactivation in latently HSV-1-infected mice and HSV-2-infected guinea pigs...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569171/oral-mucosal-lesions-in-teenagers-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Francesca Amadori, Elena Bardellini, Giulio Conti, Alessandra Majorana
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a period of transition to adulthood. Little is known about oral mucosal lesions (OMLs) in teenagers, in which the emergence of new habits, unfamiliar to children, could affect the type of lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of oral mucosal lesions (OMLs) in a wide sample of adolescents. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out examining all medical records of adolescents (aged 13-18 years) treated at the Dental Clinic of the University of Brescia (Italy) in the period from 2008 to 2014...
May 31, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559811/isolated-actinic-lichen-planus-of-the-lower-lip
#4
Ellie Choi, Kong Bing Tan, Nisha Suyien Chandran
Oral lichen planus (LP) is a common manifestation in patients with LP; however, isolated lip LP is rare and may mimic other conditions such as lichenoid drug eruptions, actinic cheilitis, and early carcinoma in situ in the absence of typical skin lesions. Actinic lichen planus (ALP) is a variant of LP occurring on light-exposed areas in patients with dark skin. We report the case of a Chinese female with isolated ALP of the lower lip, mimicking herpes simplex infection at presentation. The presence of prognathism, involvement of the lower lip, and flares associated with sunlight reinforces the role of sun exposure in the development of this condition...
January 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559714/practice-patterns-for-herpes-simplex-keratitis-a-survey-of-ophthalmologists-in-gulf-coast-countries
#5
Mashael A Alkhayyal, Donald U Stone
PURPOSE: Herpes simplex is a common cause of visual disability, and there are published evidence-based guidelines for therapy. This survey aims to determine the preferred practice patterns of ophthalmologists in Gulf Coast Countries regarding herpetic eye disease, as well as identify areas of controversy or barriers to acceptance of evidence-based protocols. METHODS: Anonymous web-based survey of ophthalmologists in Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates, and Oman...
April 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534040/elsberg-syndrome-a-rarely-recognized-cause-of-cauda-equina-syndrome-and-lower-thoracic-myelitis
#6
Filippo Savoldi, Timothy J Kaufmann, Eoin P Flanagan, Michel Toledano, Brian G Weinshenker
OBJECTIVE: Elsberg syndrome (ES) is an established but often unrecognized cause of acute lumbosacral radiculitis with myelitis related to recent herpes virus infection. We defined ES, determined its frequency in patients with cauda equina syndrome (CES) with myelitis, and evaluated its clinical, radiologic, and microbiologic features and outcomes. METHODS: We searched the Mayo Clinic medical records for ES and subsequently for combinations of index terms to identify patients with suspected CES and myelitis...
July 2017: Neurology® Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528469/multiple-sclerosis-treatment-with-fingolimod-profile-of-non-cardiologic-adverse-events
#7
REVIEW
Yara Dadalti Fragoso
Fingolimod was the first oral medication approved for management of multiple sclerosis and is currently used by tens of thousands patients worldwide. Fingolimod acts via the sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptor, maintaining peripheral lymphocytes entrapped in the lymph nodes. In consequence, there is a reduction in the infiltration of aggressive lymphocytes into the central nervous system. The drug is safe and effective, and its first hours of use are associated with related to S1P receptors in the heart...
May 20, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520319/-how-i-treat%C3%A2-a-neonatal-herpes-simplex-virus-infection
#8
M L Godet, J Pêtre, V Bernier, P Philippet, M Thimmesch
Neonatal herpes simplex virus infection is rare but important to recognize because of the major risk of sequelae or death. The diagnosis is mainly based on specific clinical and biological analyses. Aciclovir is the treatment of choice, duration of administration depending on the severity of the disease. A six-month treatment with suppressive-dose oral aciclovir is recommended to improve the child's prognosis. From a clinical case, we reviewed the literature to improve the management.
May 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508238/surgical-excision-for-recurrent-herpes-simplex-virus-2-hsv-2-anogenital-infection-in-a-patient-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv
#9
Folasade Arinze, Aaron Shaver, Stephen Raffanti
Recurrent anogenital herpes simplex virus infections are common in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), of whom approximately 5% develop resistance to acyclovir. We present a case of a 49-year-old man with HIV who had an 8-year history of recurrent left inguinal herpes simplex virus type 2 ulcerations. He initially responded to oral acyclovir, but developed resistance to acyclovir and eventually foscarnet. The lesion progressed to a large hypertrophic mass that required surgical excision, which led to resolution without recurrences...
May 15, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498563/identification-of-factors-associated-with-treatment-refractoriness-of-oral-lesions-in-pemphigus-vulgaris
#10
S Kumar, D De, S Handa, R K Ratho, S Bhandari, A Pal, P Kamboj, S Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Oral mucosal lesions of pemphigus vulgaris (PV) are known to show more treatment refractoriness than skin lesions. OBJECTIVES: To identify the role of different clinical and laboratory parameters in the treatment refractoriness in the oral lesions of PV. METHODS: This prospective study recruited 50 adult patients of PV having oral lesions. Patients were given treatment appropriate for overall disease severity. Treatment refractoriness was defined arbitrarily as less than 75% reduction in oral objective Autoimmune Bullous Skin Disorder Intensity Score (ABSIS) after treatment for 6 months...
May 12, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495603/ethnopharmacological-uses-phytochemistry-biological-activities-and-therapeutic-applications-of-clinacanthus-nutans-burm-f-lindau-a-comprehensive-review
#11
REVIEW
Muhamad Noor Alfarizal Kamarudin, Md Moklesur Rahman Sarker, Habsah Abdul Kadir, Long Chiau Ming
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Clinacanthus nutans (Burm. f.) Lindau, a widely used medicinal plant, is extensively grown in tropical Asia and Southeast Asian countries. C. nutans, with its broad spectrum of pharmacological activities, has been traditionally used to treat cancer, inflammatory disorders, diabetes, insect bites, and skin problems, consumed as a vegetable, mixed with fresh juices, in concoctions, and as a whole plant. The present review analyzes the advances in the ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicology of C...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489722/bilateral-herpetic-keratitis-after-bilateral-intravitreal-bevacizumab-for-exudative-macular-degeneration
#12
Angeline M Derham, Eric Chen, Vatinee Y Bunya, Ronan E OʼMalley
PURPOSE: To report a case of bilateral herpetic epithelial keratitis after bilateral intravitreal bevacizumab injections for the treatment of exudative age-related macular degeneration. METHODS: A 66-year-old man with diabetes and an extensive history of bilateral anti-vascular endothelial growth factor treatments for exudative age-related macular degeneration received an intravitreal bevacizumab injection in the right eye and triple therapy (bevacizumab, photodynamic therapy, and triamcinolone acetonide) in the left eye...
July 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488400/kaposi-sarcoma-oral-malformations-mitral-dysplasia-and-scoliosis-associated-with-7q34-q36-3-heterozygous-terminal-deletion
#13
Carolyn C Jackson, Alain Lefèvre-Utile, Anne Guimier, Valérie Malan, Julie Bruneau, Antoine Gessain, Olivier Cassar, Jeanne Amiel, Aurélie Cobat, Vimel Rattina, Laurent Abel, Jean-Laurent Casanova, Stéphane Blanche
Chromosome 7 germline macrodeletions have been implicated in human congenital malformations and developmental delays. We herein report a novel heterozygous macrodeletion of 7q34-q36.3 in a 16-year-old girl originally from West Indies. Similar to previously reported cases of germline chromosome 7q terminal deletions, our patient has dental malposition, and developmental (growth and intellectual) delay. Novel phenotypic features include endemic Kaposi sarcoma (KS), furrowed tongue, thoracolumbar scoliosis, and mild mitral valve dysplasia...
May 9, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479936/presage-of-oncolytic-virotherapy-for-oral-cancer-with-herpes-simplex-virus
#14
REVIEW
Yoshiaki Yura
A virus is a pathogenic organism that causes a number of infectious diseases in humans. The oral cavity is the site at which viruses enter and are excreted from the human body. Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) produces the primary infectious disease, gingivostomatitis, and recurrent disease, labial herpes. HSV-1 is one of the most extensively investigated viruses used for cancer therapy. In principle, HSV-1 infects epithelial cells and neuronal cells and exhibits cytotoxicity due to its cytopathic effects on these cells...
May 2017: Japanese Dental Science Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476075/drugs-for-discoid-lupus-erythematosus
#15
REVIEW
Sue Jessop, David A Whitelaw, Matthew J Grainge, Prativa Jayasekera
BACKGROUND: Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) is a chronic form of cutaneous lupus, which can cause scarring. Many drugs have been used to treat this disease and some (such as thalidomide, cyclophosphamide and azathioprine) are potentially toxic. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2000, and previously updated in 2009. We wanted to update the review to assess whether any new information was available to treat DLE, as we were still unsure of the effectiveness of available drugs and how to select the most appropriate treatment for an individual with DLE...
May 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469532/neonatal-herpes-simplex-viral-infections-and-acyclovir-an-update
#16
REVIEW
John Brock Harris, Amy P Holmes
Neonatal herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections have high morbidity and mortality rates. Optimization of treatment and prevention strategies are imperative to improve the care and outcomes of neonates infected with HSV. Management of HSV includes reducing neonatal transmission, treating acute infections, and limiting adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes and future cutaneous outbreaks after acute infections. Transmission risk may be affected by route of delivery and maternal suppressive therapy. Neonatal HSV infections are divided into 3 categories: localized skin, eyes, or mouth; localized central nervous system; or disseminated infections...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467869/tofacitinib-as-induction-and-maintenance-therapy-for-ulcerative-colitis
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
William J Sandborn, Chinyu Su, Bruce E Sands, Geert R D'Haens, Séverine Vermeire, Stefan Schreiber, Silvio Danese, Brian G Feagan, Walter Reinisch, Wojciech Niezychowski, Gary Friedman, Nervin Lawendy, Dahong Yu, Deborah Woodworth, Arnab Mukherjee, Haiying Zhang, Paul Healey, Julian Panés
BACKGROUND: Tofacitinib, an oral, small-molecule Janus kinase inhibitor, was shown to have potential efficacy as induction therapy for ulcerative colitis in a phase 2 trial. We further evaluated the efficacy of tofacitinib as induction and maintenance therapy. METHODS: We conducted three phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of tofacitinib therapy in adults with ulcerative colitis. In the OCTAVE Induction 1 and 2 trials, 598 and 541 patients, respectively, who had moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis despite previous conventional therapy or therapy with a tumor necrosis factor antagonist were randomly assigned to receive induction therapy with tofacitinib (10 mg twice daily) or placebo for 8 weeks...
May 4, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463961/herpes-zoster-risk-after-21-specific-cancers-population-based-case-control-study
#18
Erik Hansson, Harriet J Forbes, Sinéad M Langan, Liam Smeeth, Krishnan Bhaskaran
BACKGROUND: Some malignancies are known to be associated with increased risk of herpes zoster, but little is known about how associations between cancer and subsequent zoster risk vary by cancer site, by time since cancer diagnosis, and by age. METHODS: An age-, sex-, calendar time-, and practice-matched case-control study, nested in the broadly UK representative Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) primary care database, was analysed using conditional logistic regression to estimate the association between 21 of the most common specific malignancies and subsequent zoster risk...
June 6, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434069/herpes-zoster-keratitis-development-after-acute-retinal-necrosis
#19
Waseem H Ansari, Francesco Pichi, Paula E Pecen, Careen Y Lowder, Sunil K Srivistava
PURPOSE: To report a case of herpes zoster keratitis in a patient undergoing treatment for herpetic acute retinal necrosis. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 71 year old male presented with acute retinal necrosis of the left eye due to herpes zoster and was treated with intravitreal foscarnet and oral valcyclovir. He developed a retinal detachment and underwent surgical repair. After four weeks, he developed an ipsilateral herpetic zoster keratitis demonstrated by Rose-Bengal staining that was responsive to topical ganciclovir gel...
April 22, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417331/use-of-high-dose-oral-valacyclovir-during-an-intravenous-acyclovir-shortage-a-retrospective-analysis-of-tolerability-and-drug-shortage-management
#20
Milena M McLaughlin, Sarah H Sutton, Ashley O Jensen, John S Esterly
INTRODUCTION: In late 2011, a shortage of IV acyclovir led to the need to empirically substitute high-dose oral valacyclovir (HDVA) to conserve IV acyclovir for patients with confirmed herpes simplex virus (HSV) meningitis or encephalitis. This report describes the management of the most recent national IV acyclovir shortage by the Antimicrobial Stewardship Program (ASP) at Northwestern Memorial Hospital (NMH), Chicago, IL, USA, and the use of HDVA. Secondarily, we assessed the safety and tolerability of HDVA as an alternate to IV acyclovir during this shortage...
June 2017: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
keyword
keyword
107822
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"