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Pediatric acquired heart disease

Nagat S El-Shmaa, Doaa El Amrousy, Wael El Feky
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of pre-emptive dexmedetomidine versus amiodarone in preventing junctional ectopic tachycardia (JET) in pediatric cardiac surgery. DESIGN: This is a prospective, controlled study. SETTING: This study was carried out at a single university hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Ninety patients of both sexes, American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status II and III, age range from 2 to 18 years, and scheduled for elective cardiac surgery for congenital and acquired heart diseases were selected as the study participants...
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Frank H Zhu, Jocelyn Y Ang
Kawasaki disease is an acute, self-limited vasculitis of childhood and has become the leading cause of acquired pediatric heart disease in the USA. Prompt treatment is essential in reducing cardiac-related morbidity and mortality. The underlying etiology remains unknown. The disease itself may be the characteristic manifestation of a common pathway of immune-mediated vascular inflammation in susceptible hosts. The characteristic clinical features of fever for at least 5 days with bilateral nonpurulent conjunctivitis, rash, changes in lips and oral cavity, changes in peripheral extremities, and cervical lymphadenopathy remain the mainstay of diagnosis...
September 2016: Current Infectious Disease Reports
Shaad Abqari, Akash Gupta, Tabassum Shahab, M U Rabbani, S Manazir Ali, Uzma Firdaus
INTRODUCTION: Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are an important cause of mortality and morbidity in children representing a major global health burden. It is thus important to determine their prevalence and spectrum and identify risk factors associated with the development of heart defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control study was carried out in the Department of Pediatrics and Center of Cardiology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India, from February 2014 to August 2015...
September 2016: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Nathan Gossai, Nicholas M Brown, Rebecca Ameduri, Nicole D Zantek, James St Louis, Marie E Steiner
BACKGROUND: The balance of hemostasis and anticoagulation is a concern for patients dependent upon ventricular assist devices (VADs). Bleeding is a common complication with both short- and long-term use of these devices. A better understanding of the risk factors and etiologies of bleeding associated with these devices is needed and could improve the overall results. We sought to determine the relationship of mechanical circulatory assist device use with acquired von Willebrand disease (avWD) in children...
September 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
Joyce T Johnson, Joshua D Robinson, Jie Deng, Cynthia K Rigsby
BACKGROUND: A comprehensive cardiac magnetic resonance (cardiac MR) study including both late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) and MR angiography may be indicated for patients with a history of acquired or congenital heart disease. OBJECTIVE: To study the novel use of an extracellular agent for assessment of LGE combined with a blood pool contrast agent for detailed MR angiography evaluation to yield a comprehensive cardiac MR study in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed clinical cardiac MR studies utilizing extracellular and blood pool contrast agents and noted demographics, clinical data and adverse events...
August 30, 2016: Pediatric Radiology
Ayse Karaaslan, Ahmet Soysal, Nurhayat Yakut, Gulsen Akkoç, Sevliya Ocal Demir, Serkan Atıcı, Nurver Ulger Toprak, Guner Söyletir, Mustafa Bakır
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile is a major cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhea and frequently results in healthcare-associated infections. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and potential risk factors for C. difficile infection (CDI) in hospitalized children who developed diarrhea. A retrospective study was performed at a university hospital in İstanbul over a three-year period (2012-2014). RESULTS: During the study period 12,196 children were hospitalized, among them 986 (8 %) children with diarrhea were investigated for CDI and 100 (0...
2016: SpringerPlus
Fei Han, Ziwu Zhou, Eric Han, Yu Gao, Kim-Lien Nguyen, J Paul Finn, Peng Hu
PURPOSE: To develop and validate a cardiac-respiratory self-gating strategy for the recently proposed multiphase steady-state imaging with contrast enhancement (MUSIC) technique. METHODS: The proposed SG strategy uses the ROtating Cartesian K-space (ROCK) sampling, which allows for retrospective k-space binning based on motion surrogates derived from k-space center line. The k-space bins are reconstructed using a compressed sensing algorithm. Ten pediatric patients underwent cardiac MRI for clinical reasons...
August 16, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Daniel J Penny
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this review are to discuss the global epidemiology of cardiovascular disease, emphasizing congenital heart disease; to discuss the concept of epidemiologic transition and its role in studying the evolving epidemiology of disease; and to assess and address the global burden of congenital heart disease including its prevention and treatment. DATA SOURCE: MEDLINE and PubMed. CONCLUSIONS: Despite impressive reductions in mortality from congenital and acquired cardiovascular disease in high-income countries, these reductions have not been observed on a global scale...
August 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Melissa B Jones, Dawn Tucker
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this review are to describe the education and critical thinking skills that characterize pediatric critical care nursing and how these skills impact patient care and outcomes in pediatric cardiac critical care. DATA SOURCE: MEDLINE and PubMed. CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric cardiac critical care nurses manage complex and vulnerable patients requiring various levels of support. Effective care of these patients requires knowledge about the complex anatomy and physiology associated with congenital and acquired heart disease, as well as the effects of mechanical ventilation, mechanical circulatory support, and vasoactive medications...
August 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Sarah Tabbutt, Bradley S Marino
OBJECTIVES: The Pediatric Advanced Life Support recommendations were developed for otherwise healthy infants and children with normal cardiac anatomy. Patients with acquired and congenital heart disease require specific considerations that may differ from the Pediatric Advanced Life Support recommendations. Our aim is to present prearrest, arrest, and postarrest considerations that are unique to children with congenital and acquired heart disease. DATA SOURCE: MEDLINE and PubMed...
August 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Jonathan Byrnes, Chet Villa, Angela Lorts
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this review are to discuss the process of patient and mechanical device selection, operative management, and postoperative care with a focus on the management of right ventricular failure, anticoagulation strategies, device-related infections and neurologic sequelae. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, PubMed. CONCLUSION: The number of patients with advanced heart failure due to either acquired or congenital heart disease continues to increase, necessitating in some mechanical circulatory support and in others cardiac transplantation...
August 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Li Zhang, Jing Zhang, Wei Han, Jun Gao, Lin He, Yali Yang, Ping Yin, Mingxing Xie, Shuping Ge
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The specific aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, reproducibility and maturational changes of LV rotation, twist and torsion variables by real-time 3D speckle-tracking echocardiography (RT3DSTE) in children. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in 347 consecutive healthy subjects (181 males/156 females, mean age 7.12 ± 5.3 years, and range from birth to 18-years) using RT 3D echocardiography (3DE). The LV rotation, twist and torsion measurements were made off-line using TomTec software...
2016: PloS One
Sowmya Balasubramanian, Alaina K Kipps, Shea N Smith, Theresa A Tacy, Elif Seda Selamet Tierney
BACKGROUND: Present resource-based relative value unit (RVU) assignment for echocardiography is based on Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes, which do not incorporate complexity of diagnosis, time spent for image acquisition, or interpretation of echocardiograms. The objective of this study was to determine whether CPT-based RVU assignment accurately reflects physician effort in performing and interpreting pediatric echocardiographic examinations. METHODS: Cardiac complexity category (CCC) and physician time for study interpretation of 123 echocardiograms (June to September 2013) were prospectively assigned...
July 9, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
(no author information available yet)
Kawasaki disease is an acute self-limiting systemic vasculitis. It is the most common cause of acquired heart disease, with the risk of developing coronary artery aneurysms, myocardial infarction and sudden death. Diagnosis is based on the presence of fever in addition to other clinical criteria. The quarter of the Kawasaki disease patients have "incomplete" presentation. Treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin within ten days of fever onset improves clinical outcomes and reduces the incidence of coronary artery dilation to less than 5%...
August 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
Hyemi Katherine Chang, John Fernandes, Vidhya Nair
INTRODUCTION: Kawasaki disease (KD) is a major cause of acquired heart disease in children, and there is limited information on postmortem findings in the pediatric population in Canada. CASES: For a 15-year time span (January 2000-March 2015), we had 2 cases of KD presented to the Department of Forensic Pathology at Hamilton General Hospital. DISCUSSION: There were common cardiac findings including presence of giant coronary artery aneurysms and microscopic changes occurring within the coronary arteries and the myocardium...
September 2016: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
Mary C Niu, Shaine A Morris, Michele Krenek, Caridad M DE LA Uz, Claudia Pedroza, Christina Y Miyake, Jeffrey J Kim, Santiago O Valdés
INTRODUCTION: In pediatric patients with pacemakers implanted for atrioventricular block (AVB), nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) detected during routine surveillance is a finding of unknown significance. We sought to describe the incidence of NSVT and determine if there was an association between NSVT and adverse outcomes in these patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a single-center retrospective study of 136 patients (1971-2013) with pacemakers implanted for advanced and complete AVB...
April 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Silvia Favilli, Gaia Spaziani, Iva Pollini, Enrico Chiappa
Heart transplant (HT) has been considered as a therapy for pediatric end-stage heart failure (HF) for more than four decades. Children with HF represent a very heterogeneous population, affected by different congenital or acquired heart diseases. Progresses in cardiac surgery and medical therapies, leading to improved prognosis, require periodic re-assessment of indications to HT. Systemic diseases, inherited inborn errors of metabolism, genetic syndromes or associated extra-cardiac malformations can contraindicate HT...
March 2016: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Raghavan Subramanyan
India faces a huge burden of pediatric and adult congenital heart diseases (CHDs). Many acquired valvar, myocardial, and vascular diseases also need treatment in childhood and adolescence. The emergence of pediatric cardiology as an independent specialty has been a relatively recent development. A few centers of excellence in pediatric cardiology have developed. However, the requirement of pediatric cardiac care and pediatric cardiologists is far in excess of what is available. There are no guidelines at present in India for uniform training in pediatric cardiology...
January 2016: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Clovis Nkoke, Alain Lekoubou, Anastase Dzudie, Ahmadou Musa Jingi, Samuel Kingue, Alain Menanga, Andre Pascal Kengne
BACKGROUND: Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD) remains a major cause of childhood acquired heart disease in developing countries. However reported echocardiographic features are limited to a few countries. This report is on the demographic and echocardiographic features of RHD in children using data from the largest referral hospital in Yaounde, the capital city of Cameroon. METHODS: The register of the cardiac ultrasound unit of the Yaounde General Hospital for the period 2003-2013 served as basis for data collection...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
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