Read by QxMD icon Read

Antibiotics supply

Md Asaduzzaman Shishir, Md Al Mamun, Md Mahmuduzzaman Mian, Umme Tamanna Ferdous, Noor Jahan Akter, Rajia Sultana Suravi, Suvamoy Datta, Md Ehsanul Kabir
The scarcity of hygienic drinking water is a normal phenomenon in the coastal areas of Bangladesh due to the high salinity of ground water. The inhabitants of this locality, therefore, live on alternative supplies of water including rain-fed pond water, and rainwater with persistent complex microbial interactions therein, often contaminated with life-threatening pathogens. Hence, this study was aimed at analyzing the prevalence of Vibrio cholerae ( Vc ) in the alternative drinking waters of Mathbaria, a coastal subdistrict neighboring the Bay of Bengal, the efficacy of pond sand filter (PSF) and the co-association among Bacillus -like spore formers (Sf) and Vc ...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Luca Maria Chiesa, Sara Panseri, Maria Nobile, Federica Ceriani, Francesco Arioli
Demand for honey is increasing, especially if it is organic and if its nutritional properties are linked to untreated environments in order to guarantee quality for health. Sources of contamination of honey can be divided into environmental and apicultural Therefore, the distribution of POPs (persistent organic pollutants), pesticides and antibiotic residues from geographical areas with different contamination sources (high anthropic impact, intensive farming, husbandry and low anthropic impact) was investigated in order to confirm the potential transfer of xenobiotics into the supply chain and to give beekeepers tools for the selection of areas dedicated to organic production...
March 13, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Marianne Smith Edge, Mary Elizabeth Kunkel, Jennifer Schmidt, Constantina Papoutsakis
In the late 20th century, plant breeders began using molecular biology techniques such as recombinant DNA, also known as genetic engineering, along with traditional cross-breeding. Ten plant and one animal food have been approved for commercialization in the United States. Today, foods and ingredients from genetically engineered (GE) crops are present throughout the food supply, which has led to varying levels of acceptance. Much discussion exists among consumers and health professionals about the believability of statements made regarding benefits or risks of GE foods...
March 8, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Wen Zhu, Guihua Gong, Jie Pan, Shu Han, Wei Zhang, Youjia Hu, Liping Xie
Human serum albumin (HSA) has been extensively used in a series of clinical care settings for nearly seven decades. However, the broad application of this protein is seriously limited by its short supply. In this work, the codon sequence of HSA was cloned under the control of the alcohol oxidase 1 promoter (AOX1) and expressed as a secretory protein in Pichia pastoris. A recombinant strain displaying the highest HSA yield was selected by screening for resistance to the highest concentration of antibiotic G418...
March 5, 2018: Protein Expression and Purification
Alexandra S Maia, Maria Elizabeth Tiritan, Paula M L Castro
Fluoroquinolones are a class of antibiotics widely prescribed in both human and veterinary medicine of high environmental concern and characterized as environmental micropollutants due to their ecotoxicity and persistence and antibacterial resistance potential. Ofloxacin and levofloxacin are chiral fluoroquinolones commercialized as racemate and in enantiomerically pure form, respectively. Since the pharmacological properties and toxicity of the enantiomers may be very different, understanding the stereochemistry of these compounds should be a priority in environmental monitoring...
March 3, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Robert Howlett, Katri Anttonen, Nicholas Read, Margaret C M Smith
Actinomycete bacteria use polyprenol phosphate mannose as a lipid linked sugar donor for extra-cytoplasmic glycosyl transferases that transfer mannose to cell envelope polymers, including glycoproteins and glycolipids. We showed recently that strains of Streptomyces coelicolor with mutations in the gene ppm1 encoding polyprenol phosphate mannose synthase were both resistant to phage φC31 and have greatly increased susceptibility to antibiotics that mostly act on cell wall biogenesis. Here we show that mutations in the genes encoding enzymes that act upstream of Ppm1 in the polyprenol phosphate mannose synthesis pathway can also confer phage resistance and antibiotic hyper-susceptibility...
March 1, 2018: Microbiology
Afework Mulugeta, Gebremedhin Berhe Gebregergs, Selamawit Asfaw, Dejen Yemane, Mengistu Mitiku, Beyene Meresa, Goitom Gigar, Amanuel Kidane
BACKGROUND: The antibiotic treatment of people with trachoma helps to prevent transmission the disease in a community. Currently, Zithromax is the drug recommended for mass drug administration (MDA). MDA should be carried out annually for three to five years in trachoma endemic areas. Coverage survey is essential to track progress towards program goals and to identify communities with poor coverage in order to permit timely and appropriate actions. We assessed mass Zithromax administration coverage, social mobilization and campaign challenges in south and southeast zones of Tigray, Ethiopia...
February 26, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Brendan A Daisley, Mark Trinder, Tim W McDowell, Stephanie L Collins, Mark W Sumarah, Gregor Reid
Despite benefits to the global food supply and agricultural economies, pesticides are believed to pose a threat to both human and wildlife health. Chlorpyrifos (CP), a commonly used organophosphate insecticide, has poor target-specificity and causes acute neurotoxicity in a wide range of species via suppression of acetylcholinesterase. This effect is exacerbated 10- to 100-fold by chlorpyrifos-oxon (CPO), a principal metabolite of CP. Since many animal-associated symbiont microorganisms are known to hydrolyze CP into CPO, we used a Drosophila melanogaster insect model to investigate the hypothesis that indigenous and probiotic bacteria could affect CP metabolism and toxicity...
February 23, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Yasushi Ogasawara, Tohru Dairi
D-Amino acid residues have been identified in peptides from a variety of eukaryotes and prokaryotes. In microorganisms, UDP- N -acetylmuramic acid pentapeptide (UDP-MurNAc-L-Ala-D-Glu-meso-diaminopimelate-D-Ala-D-Ala), a unit of peptidoglycan, is a representative. During its biosynthesis, D-Ala and D-Glu are generally supplied by racemases from the corresponding isomers. However, we recently identified a unique unidirectional L-Glu epimerase catalyzing the epimerization of the terminal L-Glu of UDP-MurNAc-L-Ala-L-Glu...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Helene L Robertsen, Ewa M Musiol-Kroll, Ling Ding, Kristina J Laiple, Torben Hofeditz, Wolfgang Wohlleben, Sang Yup Lee, Stephanie Grond, Tilmann Weber
Kirromycin is the main product of the soil-dwelling Streptomyces collinus Tü 365. The elucidation of the biosynthetic pathway revealed that the antibiotic is synthesised via a unique combination of trans-/cis-AT type I polyketide synthases and non-ribosomal peptide synthetases (PKS I/NRPS). This was the first example of an assembly line integrating the three biosynthetic principles in one pathway. However, information about other enzymes involved in kirromycin biosynthesis remained scarce. In this study, genes encoding tailoring enzymes KirM, KirHVI, KirOI, and KirOII, and the putative crotonyl-CoA reductase/carboxylase KirN were deleted, complemented, and the emerged products analysed by HPLC-HRMS and MS/MS...
February 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Edina Szekeres, Cecilia Maria Chiriac, Andreea Baricz, Tiberiu Szőke-Nagy, Ildiko Lung, Maria-Loredana Soran, Knut Rudi, Nicolae Dragos, Cristian Coman
Groundwater is an essential public and drinking water supply and its protection is a goal for global policies. Here, we investigated the presence and prevalence of antibiotic residues, antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), mobile genetic elements (MGEs), and microbial contamination in groundwater environments at various distances from urban areas. Antibiotic concentrations ranged from below detection limit to 917 ng/L, being trimethoprim, macrolide, and sulfonamide the most abundant antibiotic classes. A total of eleven ARGs (aminoglycoside, β-lactam, chloramphenicol, Macrolide-Lincosamide-Streptogramin B - MLSB, sulfonamide, and tetracycline), one antiseptic resistance gene, and two MGEs were detected by qPCR with relative abundances ranging from 6...
February 14, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Camila Y Bastidas, Carlos von Plessing, José Troncoso, Rosario Del P Castillo
Fourier Transform infrared imaging and multivariate analysis were used to identify, at the microscopic level, the presence of florfenicol (FF), a heavily-used antibiotic in the salmon industry, supplied to fishes in feed pellets for the treatment of salmonid rickettsial septicemia (SRS). The FF distribution was evaluated using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Augmented Multivariate Curve Resolution with Alternating Least Squares (augmented MCR-ALS) on the spectra obtained from images with pixel sizes of 6...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Sara Meirinho, Ricardo Relvas, Gilberto Alves
BACKGROUND: Epistaxis is an active nose bleeding with a population occurrence of approximately 60%. Although epistaxis is a common clinical complaint, the majority of the cases are benign and caused by local induced factors (e.g., trauma and local inflammation). Nevertheless, it is also recognised that epistaxis can be induced after some drugs intake. AIMS: Due to the increasing use of drugs or drug combinations that potentially may induce epistaxis, this review aims to alert healthcare professionals for this often neglected adverse drug effect and its possible complications...
February 12, 2018: Current Drug Safety
Young Woon Kim, Jung Hyun Kwon, Soon Woo Nam, Jeong Won Jang, Hyun Suk Jung, Yu Ri Shin, Eun Su Park, Dong Jae Shim
Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) with drug-eluting beads (DC beads) may enhance drug delivery to tumours and reduce systemic toxicity. TACE with DC beads leads to significantly fewer serious side-effects compared with conventional TACE. A 66-year-old man with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) complained of continuous abdominal pain 1 month after TACE with DC beads. At the time of TACE, angiography revealed severe stenosis of both hepatic arteries. The diagnostic work up on admission suggested severe bile duct injury with regional bile duct dilatation, segmental liver and spleen infarction, necrotizing pancreatitis, as well as gastric and duodenal ulcers...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
J J Steffan, E C Brevik, L C Burgess, A Cerdà
Soil has a considerable effect on human health, whether those effects are positive or negative, direct or indirect. Soil is an important source of nutrients in our food supply and medicines such as antibiotics. However, nutrient imbalances and the presence of human pathogens in the soil biological community can cause negative effects on health. There are also many locations where various elements or chemical compounds are found in soil at toxic levels, because of either natural conditions or anthropogenic activities...
January 2018: European Journal of Soil Science
Mona Nissen, Brenda Doherty, Jonas Hamperl, Jens Kobelke, Karina Weber, Thomas Henkel, Markus A Schmidt
Due to a worldwide increased use of pharmaceuticals and, in particular, antibiotics, a growing number of these substance residues now contaminate natural water resources and drinking supplies. This triggers a considerable demand for low-cost, high-sensitivity methods for monitoring water quality. Since many biological substances exhibit strong and characteristic absorption features at wavelengths shorter than 300 nm, UV spectroscopy presents a suitable approach for the quantitative identification of such water-contaminating species...
February 6, 2018: Sensors
Fulong Hao, Xiaoli Yang, Yinsheng Tian, Wenping Wang, Minggang Ge
RATIONALE: Hepatic hemangioma, a benign liver tumor, can rarely spontaneously rupture and hemorrhage, which is then associated with significant mortality. The diagnosis of internal hemorrhage is challenging and the management is disputed. PATIENT CONCERNS: We describe the case of a 52-year-old female patient with chief complaints of fever and anemia, with no history of recent trauma. DIAGNOSES: Ultrasound suggested the possibility of a liver abscess and computed tomography (CT) examination revealed a giant space occupying lesion (SOL) (approximately 16 cm) in the right hepatic lobe, indicating a hepatic tumor or abscess...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Vu Ngan Binh, Nhung Dang, Nguyen Thi Kieu Anh, Le Xuan Ky, Phong K Thai
The presence of antibiotics in the aquatic environment is a serious concern because it may lead to the emergence of antibiotic resistance, thus lowering the therapeutic effect of antibiotics. In Vietnam, the problem is aggravated by the irrational use of antibiotics in different sectors of agriculture and human health service. Moreover, the residues of antibiotics in the aquatic environment can be spread widely due to the lack of proper wastewater treatment systems. In this paper, we aim to comprehensively review all relevant sources that discharge antibiotics to the aquatic environment in Vietnam...
January 18, 2018: Chemosphere
Mabel Berrueta, Maria Luisa Cafferata, Musaku Mwenechanya, Dalau Nkamba Mukadi, Fernando Althabe, Eduardo Bergel, Luz Gibbons, Alvaro Ciganda, Karen Klein, Abigail Mwapule Tembo, Friday Habulembe Mwanakalanga, Ernest Banda, Arlette Mavila Kilonga, Paul Lusamba Dikassa, Xu Xiong, Elwyn Chomba, Antoinette K Tshefu, Pierre Buekens
Background: Congenital syphilis is associated with perinatal deaths, preterm births and congenital malformations. Low rates of syphilis screening during pregnancy and treatment of those found seropositive have been reported in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Zambia. We report the rates on antenatal syphilis screening, the seroprevalence of syphilis infection, and the frequency of antibiotic treatment in pregnant women screened positive for syphilis during their attendance at antenatal care (ANC) clinics in Kinshasa, DRC and Lusaka, Zambia...
December 8, 2017: Gates Open Res
Allan F Simpao, Luis M Ahumada, Beatriz Larru Martinez, Ana M Cardenas, Talene A Metjian, Kaede V Sullivan, Jorge A Gálvez, Bimal R Desai, Mohamed A Rehman, Jeffrey S Gerber
BACKGROUND:  Hospitals use antibiograms to guide optimal empiric antibiotic therapy, reduce inappropriate antibiotic usage, and identify areas requiring intervention by antimicrobial stewardship programs. Creating a hospital antibiogram is a time-consuming manual process that is typically performed annually. OBJECTIVE:  We aimed to apply visual analytics software to electronic health record (EHR) data to build an automated, electronic antibiogram ("e-antibiogram") that adheres to national guidelines and contains filters for patient characteristics, thereby providing access to detailed, clinically relevant, and up-to-date antibiotic susceptibility data...
January 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"