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Sports pre participation screening

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644678/professional-athletes-return-to-play-and-performance-after-operative-repair-of-an-achilles-tendon-rupture
#1
David P Trofa, J Chance Miller, Eugene S Jang, Denzel R Woode, Justin K Greisberg, J Turner Vosseller
BACKGROUND: Most Achilles tendon ruptures are sports related. However, few studies have examined and compared the effect of surgical repair for complete ruptures on return to play (RTP), play time, and performance across multiple sports. PURPOSE: To examine RTP and performance among professional athletes after Achilles tendon repair and compare pre- versus postoperative functional outcomes of professional athletes from different major leagues in the United States...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621884/young-athletes-with-ventricular-premature-beats-continuing-or-not-intense-training-and-competition
#2
Attilio Parisi, Eliana Tranchita, Carlo Minganti, Fabio Sperandii, Emanuele Guerra, Leonardo Calò, Paolo Borrione, Fabio Pigozzi
INTRODUCTION: Isolated ventricular premature beats (VPBs) are commonly found during pre-participation screening in athletes. Currently the debate about the role of detraining in reducing the number of VPBs is still open. This study evaluated the arrhythmic risk in a population of young competitive athletes who showed VPBs during eligibility evaluation and that did not undergo detraining but continued practicing competitive sports. METHODS: 3746 consecutive subjects underwent pre-participation screening...
June 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574282/prevention-of-sudden-death-in-adolescent-athletes-incremental-diagnostic-value-and-cost-effectiveness-of-diagnostic-tests
#3
Gonzalo Grazioli, Maria Sanz de la Garza, Barbara Vidal, Silvia Montserrat, Georgia Sarquella-Brugada, Ramon Pi, Lluis Til, Josep Gutierrez, Josep Brugada, Marta Sitges
Introduction Pre-participation screening in athletes attempts to reduce the incidence of sudden death during sports by identifying susceptible individuals. The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic capacity of the different pre-participation screening points in adolescent athletes and the cost effectiveness of the programme. Methods Athletes were studied between 12-18 years old. Pre-participation screening included the American Heart Association questionnaire, electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, and stress test...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496933/internet-survey-health-screening-in-sports
#4
Margaret Wang, Gloria Wu, Vidhya Gunasekaran, Victor Chen, Akash Vani, Don Kim
While cardiovascular screening protocols exist, they have been focused on teenaged and college aged athletes versus adult athletes. To assess community awareness of health screening as related to adult athletes, we have created an internet questionnaire (QN). The survey was posted through social media (e.g. Facebook, Reddit, Flotrack and Active), for 11 months, that queried sports history, medical history, and symptoms while playing sports. A total of 3,750 respondents (R) answered the questionnaire, 2,776 male and 974 female...
October 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401426/high-rates-of-return-to-sports-activities-and-work-after-osteotomies-around-the-knee-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Alexander Hoorntje, Suzanne Witjes, P Paul F M Kuijer, Koen L M Koenraadt, Rutger C I van Geenen, Joost G Daams, Alan Getgood, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs
BACKGROUND: Knee osteotomies are proven treatment options, especially in younger patients with unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis, for certain cases of chronic knee instability, or as concomitant treatment for meniscal repair or transplantation surgery. Presumably, these patients wish to stay active. Data on whether these patients return to sport (RTS) activities and return to work (RTW) are scarce. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to systematically review (1) the extent to which patients can RTS and RTW after knee osteotomy and (2) the time to RTS and RTW...
April 11, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292694/asb-clinical-biomechanics-award-winner-2016-assessment-of-gaze-stability-within-24-48hours-post-concussion
#6
Nicholas G Murray, Nathan R D'Amico, Douglas Powell, Megan E Mormile, Katelyn E Grimes, Barry A Munkasy, Russell K Gore, Rebecca J Reed-Jones
BACKGROUND: Approximately 90% of athletes with concussion experience a certain degree of visual system dysfunction immediately post-concussion. Of these abnormalities, gaze stability deficits are denoted as among the most common. Little research quantitatively explores these variables post-concussion. As such, the purpose of this study was to investigate and compare gaze stability between a control group of healthy non-injured athletes and a group of athletes with concussions 24-48hours post-injury...
May 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277407/iron-deficiency-and-anemia-among-collegiate-athletes-a-retrospective-chart-review
#7
Rachel B Parks, Scott J Hetzel, M Alison Brooks
PURPOSE: To describe the prevalence of anemia among incoming female college athletes and to characterize the results and expenses of iron-related testing at one NCAA Division I institution. METHODS: In this retrospective medical record review, hemoglobin (Hgb) and ferritin (Fer) lab values were obtained for student-athletes at a single institution, 2002 - 2014. Labs were collected either as part of the pre-participation exam (PPE) for female athletes, routine screening for cross country athletes, or as needed for medical evaluation...
March 8, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144819/no-psychological-distress-in-sportsmen-aged-45%C3%A2-years-and-older-after-cardiovascular-screening-including-cardiac-ct-the-measuring-athlete-s-risk-of-cardiovascular-events-marc-study
#8
M M Schurink, T L Braber, N H J Prakken, P A F M Doevendans, F J G Backx, D E Grobbee, R Rienks, H M Nathoe, M L Bots, B K Velthuis, A Mosterd
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress caused by cardiovascular pre-participation screening (PPS) may be a reason not to implement a PPS program. We assessed the psychological impact of PPS, including cardiac computed tomography (CT), in 318 asymptomatic sportsmen aged ≥45 years. METHODS: Coronary artery disease (CAD) was defined as a coronary artery calcium score ≥100 Agatson units and/or ≥50% luminal stenosis on contrast-enhanced cardiac CT. Psychological impact was measured with the Impact of Event Scale (IES) (seven items) on a six-point scale (grade 0-5)...
April 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092299/the-complex-phenotype-of-the-athletes-heart-implications-for-pre-participation-screening
#9
Benjamin Brown, Daniel J Green, Matthew Wilson, Jonathan Drezner, Keith George, David Oxborough
Pre-participation screening is vital to exclude inherited cardiac conditions which have the potential to cause sudden cardiac death in seemingly healthy athletes. Recent research has questioned traditional theories of load-induced, dichotomous cardiac adaptation. We therefore considered whether a "one-size-fits-all" approach to screening can account for inter-individual differences brought about by sporting discipline, training volume, ethnicity, body size, sex and age.
January 13, 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900583/does-elite-sport-degrade-sleep-quality-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Luke Gupta, Kevin Morgan, Sarah Gilchrist
BACKGROUND: Information on sleep quality and insomnia symptomatology among elite athletes remains poorly systematised in the sports science and medicine literature. The extent to which performance in elite sport represents a risk for chronic insomnia is unknown. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this systematic review was to profile the objective and experienced characteristics of sleep among elite athletes, and to consider relationships between elite sport and insomnia symptomatology...
November 29, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847560/left-ventricular-false-tendons-and-electrocardiogram-repolarization-abnormalities-in-healthy-young-subjects
#11
Zlatan Lazarevic, Emanuela Ciminelli, Federico Quaranta, Fabio Sperandii, Emanuele Guerra, Fabio Pigozzi, Paolo Borrione
AIM: To describe echocardiographically left ventricular false tendon characteristics and the correlation with ventricular repolarization abnormalities in young athletes. METHODS: Three hundred and sixteen healthy young athletes from different sport disciplines were evaluated from 2009 to 2011 during routine screening for agonistic sports eligibility. All subjects, as part of standard pre-participation screening medical evaluation, underwent a basal and post step test 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG)...
October 26, 2016: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757291/musculoskeletal-screening-and-functional-testing-considerations-for-basketball-athletes
#12
Stephen P Bird, William J Markwick
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Youth participation in basketball is on the rise, with basketball one of the top five participation sports in Australia. With increased participation there is a need for greater awareness of the importance of the pre-participation examination, including musculoskeletal screening and functional performance testing as part of a multidisciplinary approach to reducing the risk for future injuries. As majority of all basketball injuries affect the lower extremities, pre-participation musculoskeletal screening and functional performance testing should assess fundamental movement qualities throughout the kinetic chain with an emphasis on lower extremity force characteristics, specifically eccentric loading tasks...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735231/examining-social-identity-and-intrateam-moral-behaviours-in-competitive-youth-ice-hockey-using-stimulated-recall
#13
Mark W Bruner, Ian D Boardley, Veronica Allan, Zach Root, Sara Buckham, Chris Forrest, Jean Côté
Social identity - identity formed through membership in groups - may play an important role in regulating intrateam moral behaviour in youth sport (Bruner, M. W., Boardley, I., & Côté, J. (2014). Social identity and prosocial and antisocial behavior in youth sport. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15(1), 56-64. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.09.003). The aim of this study was to qualitatively examine this potential role through stimulated recall interviews with competitive youth-ice-hockey players. Twenty-three players (Mage = 13...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719691/a-survey-of-paediatricians-on-the-use-of-electrocardiogram-for-pre-participation-sports-screening
#14
Angira Patel, Gregory Webster, Kendra Ward, John Lantos
Aim The aim of the present study was to determine general paediatrician knowledge, practices, and attitudes towards electrocardiogram (ECG) screening in school athletes during pre-participation screening exam (PPSE). METHODS: Paediatricians affiliated with a tertiary children's hospital completed a survey about ECGs for PPSE. RESULTS: In total, 205/498 (41%) responded; 92% of the paediatricians did not include an ECG as part of PPSE; 56% were aware of a case in which a student athlete in their own community had died of sudden unexplained death; 4% had an athlete in their practice die...
October 10, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686412/the-association-of-ankle-dorsiflexion-range-of-motion-with-hip-and-knee-kinematics-during-the-lateral-step-down-test
#15
Alon Rabin, Sigal Portnoy, Zvi Kozol
Study Design Controlled laboratory study. Background Altered hip and knee kinematics have been associated with several knee disorders, including anterior cruciate ligament tear, patellofemoral pain, and iliotibial band syndrome. Limited ankle dorsiflexion (DF) range of motion (ROM), which has been linked with some of these disorders, has also been associated with altered knee kinematics. Objective To explore the association of ankle DF ROM with hip and knee kinematics during a step-down task. Methods Thirty healthy participants underwent a 3-D analysis of hip and knee kinematics during a lateral step-down test, followed by measurement of ankle DF ROM in weight bearing (WB) and non-weight bearing (NWB)...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676873/an-injury-complaints-in-the-months-before-the-championships-is-a-risk-factor-for-injury-during-athletics-championships
#16
Pascal Edouard, Jenny Jacobsson, Toomas Timpka, Ola Ronsen, Alma Kajenienne, Orjan Dahlstrom, Armin Spreco, Juan-Manuel Alonso
OBJECTIVE: During international athletics championships, the incidence and characteristics of new injuries have been well described: about 10% of registered athletes have a new injury. It seemed also important to understand the complaints of athletes in terms of injuries in the period before and at the start of the championships and potential association with potential new injuries for identification of possible risk factors. The objective of this study was to determine the health of athletes before the start of an international athletics championship and to identify risk factors for new injuries...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632872/the-functional-movement-screen-in-the-prediction-of-injury-in-adolescent-cricket-pace-bowlers-an-observational-study
#17
Candice Martin, Benita Olivier, Natalie Benjamin
CONTEXT: The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) has been found to be a valid pre-participation screening tool in the prediction of injury among various athletes in different sports. The validity thereof in the prediction of injury among adolescent cricketers is yet to be established. OBJECTIVE: To determine if a pre-season FMS total score is a valid predictor of in-season injury among adolescent pace bowlers. DESIGN: Prospective observational quantitative study...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632856/effect-of-whole-body-vibration-training-on-trunk-muscle-strength-and-physical-performance-in-healthy-adults-preliminary-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Noriaki Maeda, Yukio Urabe, Junpei Sasadai, Akira Miyamoto, Masahito Murakami, Junichi Kato
CONTEXT: Whole-body-vibration (WBV) stimulus equipment has been used as a new training method for health promotion. Its use in the clinic has expanded to the field of sports and rehabilitation for disabled patients. WBV training is rapidly gaining popularity in health and fitness centers as an alternative method for improving muscle performance. Acute positive effects of WBV have been shown on lower-extremity muscle power and vertical-jump ability; however, there have not been any studies focusing on the long-term effects of WBV for trunk muscle and dynamic balance...
December 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577685/rowing-injuries-an-updated-review
#19
REVIEW
Jane S Thornton, Anders Vinther, Fiona Wilson, Constance M Lebrun, Mike Wilkinson, Stephen R Di Ciacca, Karen Orlando, Tomislav Smoljanovic
Although traditionally seen as a sport for elite schools and colleges, rowing is a founding Olympic event and is increasingly enjoyed by people of all ages and abilities. The sport's rapidly changing demographics shows significant growth in masters (age 27 years and above) and para-rowing populations. It has further expanded beyond its traditional flatwater format to include the discipline of open-water or coastal rowing, and an increased focus on indoor rowing. Rowing-specific injury research has similarly increased over the last decade since our last review, revealing areas of improved understanding in pre-participation screening, training load, emerging concepts surrounding back and rib injury, and relative energy deficiency in sport...
August 30, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516375/electrocardiograms-of-children-and-adolescents-practicing-non-competitive-sports-normal-limits-and-abnormal-findings-in-a-large-european-cohort-evaluated-by-telecardiology
#20
Giuseppe Molinari, Natale Daniele Brunetti, Luigi Biasco, Sandro Squarcia, Yvonne Cristoforetti, Riccardo Bennicelli, Cecilia Del Vecchio, Cecilia Viacava, Carla Giustetto, Fiorenzo Gaita
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to derive normal electrocardiographic values and to report the abnormal findings in a large contemporary European cohort of physically active children and young adolescents. METHODS: In a 3-month period, data derived from subjects aged between 3 and 14 years and referred to the Telecardiology Centre (Genoa, Italy) for electrocardiogram (ECG) evaluation as pre-participation screening for non-competitive sports were analyzed...
March 2017: Sports Medicine
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