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Sports pre participation screening

Stephen P Bird, William J Markwick
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Youth participation in basketball is on the rise, with basketball one of the top five participation sports in Australia. With increased participation there is a need for greater awareness of the importance of the pre-participation examination, including musculoskeletal screening and functional performance testing as part of a multidisciplinary approach to reducing the risk for future injuries. As majority of all basketball injuries affect the lower extremities, pre-participation musculoskeletal screening and functional performance testing should assess fundamental movement qualities throughout the kinetic chain with an emphasis on lower extremity force characteristics, specifically eccentric loading tasks...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Mark W Bruner, Ian D Boardley, Veronica Allan, Zach Root, Sara Buckham, Chris Forrest, Jean Côté
Social identity - identity formed through membership in groups - may play an important role in regulating intrateam moral behaviour in youth sport (Bruner, M. W., Boardley, I., & Côté, J. (2014). Social identity and prosocial and antisocial behavior in youth sport. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15(1), 56-64. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.09.003). The aim of this study was to qualitatively examine this potential role through stimulated recall interviews with competitive youth-ice-hockey players. Twenty-three players (Mage = 13...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Angira Patel, Gregory Webster, Kendra Ward, John Lantos
: Aim The aim of the present study was to determine general paediatrician knowledge, practices, and attitudes towards electrocardiogram (ECG) screening in school athletes during pre-participation screening exam (PPSE). METHODS: Paediatricians affiliated with a tertiary children's hospital completed a survey about ECGs for PPSE. RESULTS: In total, 205/498 (41%) responded; 92% of the paediatricians did not include an ECG as part of PPSE; 56% were aware of a case in which a student athlete in their own community had died of sudden unexplained death; 4% had an athlete in their practice die...
October 10, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
Alon Rabin, Sigal Portnoy, Zvi Kozol
Study Design Cross-sectional. Background Altered hip and knee kinematics have been associated with several knee disorders including anterior cruciate ligament tear, patellofemoral pain, and iliotibial band syndrome. Limited ankle dorsiflexion (DF) range of motion (ROM), which has been linked with some of these disorders, has also been associated with altered knee kinematics. Objective Explore the association of ankle DF ROM with hip and knee kinematics during a step down task. Methods Thirty healthy participants underwent a 3-dimensional analysis of hip and knee kinematics during a lateral step down test, followed by measurement of ankle DF ROM in weight-bearing (WB) and non-weight-bearing (NWB)...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Pascal Edouard, Jenny Jacobsson, Toomas Timpka, Ola Ronsen, Alma Kajenienne, Orjan Dahlstrom, Armin Spreco, Juan-Manuel Alonso
OBJECTIVE: During international athletics championships, the incidence and characteristics of new injuries have been well described: about 10% of registered athletes have a new injury. It seemed also important to understand the complaints of athletes in terms of injuries in the period before and at the start of the championships and potential association with potential new injuries for identification of possible risk factors. The objective of this study was to determine the health of athletes before the start of an international athletics championship and to identify risk factors for new injuries...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Candice Martin, Benita Olivier, Natalie Benjamin
CONTEXT: The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) has been found to be a valid pre-participation screening tool in the prediction of injury among various athletes in different sports. The validity thereof in the prediction of injury among adolescent cricketers is yet to be established. OBJECTIVE: To determine if a pre-season FMS total score is a valid predictor of in-season injury among adolescent pace bowlers. DESIGN: Prospective observational quantitative study...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Noriaki Maeda, Yukio Urabe, Junpei Sasadai, Akira Miyamoto, Masahito Murakami, Junichi Kato
CONTEXT: Whole-body vibration (WBV) stimulus equipment has been used as a new training method for health promotion. Its use of in its clinical has expanded to the field of sports and rehabilitation for disabled patients. WBV training is rapidly gaining popularity in health and fitness centers as an alternative method for improving muscle performance. Acute positive effects of WBV have been shown on lower extremity muscle power and the ability of vertical jump, however there have not been any studies focusing on the long-term effects of WBV for trunk muscle and dynamic balance...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Jane S Thornton, Anders Vinther, Fiona Wilson, Constance M Lebrun, Mike Wilkinson, Stephen R Di Ciacca, Karen Orlando, Tomislav Smoljanovic
Although traditionally seen as a sport for elite schools and colleges, rowing is a founding Olympic event and is increasingly enjoyed by people of all ages and abilities. The sport's rapidly changing demographics shows significant growth in masters (age 27 years and above) and para-rowing populations. It has further expanded beyond its traditional flatwater format to include the discipline of open-water or coastal rowing, and an increased focus on indoor rowing. Rowing-specific injury research has similarly increased over the last decade since our last review, revealing areas of improved understanding in pre-participation screening, training load, emerging concepts surrounding back and rib injury, and relative energy deficiency in sport...
August 30, 2016: Sports Medicine
Giuseppe Molinari, Natale Daniele Brunetti, Luigi Biasco, Sandro Squarcia, Yvonne Cristoforetti, Riccardo Bennicelli, Cecilia Del Vecchio, Cecilia Viacava, Carla Giustetto, Fiorenzo Gaita
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to derive normal electrocardiographic values and to report the abnormal findings in a large contemporary European cohort of physically active children and young adolescents. METHODS: In a 3-month period, data derived from subjects aged between 3 and 14 years and referred to the Telecardiology Centre (Genoa, Italy) for electrocardiogram (ECG) evaluation as pre-participation screening for non-competitive sports were analyzed...
August 11, 2016: Sports Medicine
E Everard, Aj Harrison, M Lyons
In recent years there has been an increasing focus on movement screening as the principal aspect of pre-participation testing. Two of the most common movement screening tools are the Functional Movement Screen (FMS) and the Landing Error Scoring System (LESS). Several studies have examined the reliability and validity of these tools but so far there have been no studies comparing the results of these two screening tools against each other. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between Functional Movement Screen (FMS) scores and Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) scores...
July 25, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Katherine K Weise, Mark W Swanson, Kimberly Penix, Matthew Heath Hale, Drew Ferguson
PURPOSE: The King-Devick test (KD) has been studied as a remove-from-play sideline test in college-age athletes and older; however, studies in younger athletes are limited. A cross-sectional study of the KD and other vision correlates was completed on school-aged athletes during pre-season physicals for a variety of sports to determine the repeatability of the KD. The study also evaluated how convergence, alignment, or pupil function contributed to a slower King-Devick baseline reading...
July 23, 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Candice Martin, Benita Olivier, Natalie Benjamin
CONTEXT: The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) has been found to be a valid pre-participation screening tool in the prediction of injury among various athletes in different sports. The validity thereof in the prediction of injury among adolescent cricketers is yet to be established. OBJECTIVE: To determine if a pre-season FMS total score is a valid predictor of in-season injury among adolescent pace bowlers. DESIGN: Prospective observational quantitative study...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Elizabeth A Joy, Linda S Pescatello
Participation in regular physical activity is associated with a multitude of benefits including a reduction in chronic disease and premature mortality, and improved quality of life. All segments of society need to collaborate with one another in an effort to promote active lives. The Israeli "Gymnasium Law" requires pre-exercise evaluation prior to exercise participation in a health club. Recently that law was modified to allow for participant pre-screening with the Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire for Everyone (PAR-Q+)...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Kathrin Steffen, Agnethe Nilstad, Eirik Klami Kristianslund, Grethe Myklebust, Roald Bahr, Tron Krosshaug
PURPOSE: This study aimed to prospectively investigate the association between isolated and functional lower extremity muscle strength and the risk for noncontact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in Norwegian female elite handball and football players. METHODS: From 2007 through 2015, premier league players participated in strength testing and were prospectively followed for ACL injury risk. At baseline, we recorded player demographics, playing and ACL injury history, and measured peak concentric isokinetic quadriceps and hamstring torques (60°·s), hamstring-to-quadriceps ratio, isometric hip abduction strength, and one-repetition maximum in a seated leg press...
November 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Ljubica Georgijević, Lana Andrić
Electrocardiography (ECG) is especially significant in pre-participation screening due to its ability to discover or to rise a suspicion for certain cardiovascular diseases and conditions that represent a serious health risk in athletes. Common, conditionally benign and training related ECG changes are sinus bradycardia and sinus arrhythmia, first degree atrioventricular block, incomplete right bundle branch block, benign early repolarization, and isolated QRS voltage criteria for left ventricular enlargement...
January 2016: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
Rick Joreitz, Andrew Lynch, Stephen Rabuck, Brittany Lynch, Sarah Davin, James Irrgang
CONTEXT: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is frequently performed to allow individuals to return to their pre-injury levels of sports participation, however, return to pre-injury level of sport is poor and re-injury rates are unacceptably high. Re-injury is likely associated with the timeframe and guidelines for return to sport (RTS). It is imperative for clinicians to recognize risk factors for re-injury and to ensure that modifiable risk factors are addressed prior to RTS...
April 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Lauren Porras, Jonathan Drezner, Andrea Dotson, Harry Stafford, David Berkoff, Eugene H Chung
INTRODUCTION: It is not known whether there is a specific training method that improves the accuracy of physician interpretations of pre-participation electrocardiograms (ECGs). METHODS: Participants took an online test and interpreted a series of normal, normal variant and abnormal ECGs. They then reviewed the BMJ's ECG interpretation online learning module and completed a post-test and a follow-up examination three months later. RESULTS: 28 fellows enrolled...
May 2016: Journal of Electrocardiology
A Paul Monk, Loretta J Davies, Sally Hopewell, Kristina Harris, David J Beard, Andrew J Price
BACKGROUND: Rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a common injury, mainly affecting young, physically active individuals. The injury is characterised by joint instability, leading to decreased activity, which can lead to poor knee-related quality of life. It is also associated with increased risk of secondary osteoarthritis of the knee. It is unclear whether stabilising the knee surgically via ACL reconstruction produces a better overall outcome than non-surgical (conservative) treatment...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Eric Emmanuel Coris, Byron Keith Moran, Raymond De Cuba, Ted Farrar, Anne B Curtis
Isolated left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC) has usually been viewed as a rare cardiomyopathy in athletes. However, with advances in diagnostic imaging techniques and increased use of pre-participation screening electrocardiograms (ECGs), apparent LVNC is being recognized in an increasing number of athletes. Given the lack of a true gold standard for diagnosis, significant debate continues regarding optimal diagnostic criteria. There are increasing data to support the possibility of over-diagnosing this cardiomyopathy in an athletic population due to the physiologic adaptation to the extreme preload and afterload characteristic of intense athletic participation...
September 2016: Sports Medicine
Sarah Parsons, Matthew Lynch
Australian Rules football is a sport which evolved from Gaelic football and which is played by a large number of predominantly male participants in a number of countries. The highest participation rates are in the southern states of Australia. A retrospective review over a period of 14 years identified 14 cases of sudden cardiac death that occurred in individuals while playing the sport. All were male and ranged in age from 13 to 36 years with a mean and median age of 23 years. A spectrum of cardiac causes was identified including coronary artery atherosclerosis, myocarditis, anomalous coronary artery anatomy, arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, and healed Kawasaki disease...
June 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
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