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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108868/morpho-molecular-characterization-of-soil-inhabitant-dermatophytes-from-ahvaz-southwest-of-iran-a-high-occurrence-of-microsporum-fulvum
#1
Ali Rezaei-Matehkolaei, Abbas Jahangiri, Ali Zarei Mahmoudabadi, Mohammad Javad Najafzadeh, Sadegh Nouripour-Sisakht, Koichi Makimura
Occurrence and diversity of dermatophyte mycoflora in 298 soil samples from Ahvaz, Southwest of Iran was investigated by using the hair-baiting technique. The samples were collected during spring (n = 210) and autumn (n = 88) of 2015, and the fungal isolates were identified based on the macro- and micro-morphology of colonies and with further ITS-rDNA RFLP and sequencing. Totally, 60 soil samples (20.1%) were positive for dermatophyte growth whose pH varied from 7.0 to 7.9. The highest (26.6%) and the lowest (14...
January 20, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106071/development-of-an-efficient-screening-system-to-identify-novel-bone-metabolism-related-genes-using-the-exchangeable-gene-trap-mutagenesis-mouse-models
#2
Syuji Kurogi, Tomohisa Sekimoto, Taro Funamoto, Tomomi Ota, Shihoko Nakamura, Takuya Nagai, Mai Nakahara, Kumiko Yoshinobu, Kimi Araki, Masatake Araki, Etsuo Chosa
Despite numerous genetic studies on bone metabolism, understanding of the specific mechanisms is lacking. We developed an efficient screening system to identify novel genes involved in bone metabolism using mutant mouse strains registered with the Exchangeable Gene Trap Clones (EGTC) database. From 1278 trap clones in the EGTC database, 52 candidate lines were selected in the first screening, determined based on "EST profile", "X-gal", "Related article", and "Novel gene". For the second screening, bone morphometric analysis, biomechanical strength analysis, bone X-gal staining, etc...
January 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105755/morphometric-changes-in-polish-konik-mares-after-nearly-a-hundred-years-of-the-breed-s-existence
#3
E Pasicka, K Tarnawski, A Chrószcz, H Geringer de Oedenberg
The study was carried out on 126 mares of the Polish Konik horse breed. Mares were bred under a stable system housing and they came from five leading conservation breeding centres. The mares were divided into three age groups: 3-5 years old, 6-9 years old and over 10 years old. Each animal was characterized using 40 morphometric measurements. Discriminant analysis proved the exterior differences of mares in terms of the analysed metric values. It was concluded that the morphotype of modern Polish Konik mares is statistically significantly influenced by the following traits: neck ventral length, forearm circumference, distance between the vascular notch (incisura vasorum facialium) and the oral angle (angulus oris), distance between the margo coronalis ungulae and the margo solearis ungulae of the thoracic limb, thorax circumference and pelvis width...
January 20, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105677/lesser-devil-rays-mobula-cf-hypostoma-from-venezuela-are-almost-twice-their-previously-reported-maximum-size-and-may-be-a-new-sub-species
#4
N R Ehemann, L V González-González, A W Trites
Three rays opportunistically obtained near Margarita Island, Venezuela, were identified as lesser devil rays Mobula cf. hypostoma, but their disc widths were between 207 and 230 cm, which is almost double the reported maximum disc width of 120 cm for this species. These morphometric data suggest that lesser devil rays are either larger than previously recognized or that these specimens belong to an unknown sub-species of Mobula in the Caribbean Sea. Better data are needed to describe the distribution, phenotypic variation and population structure of this poorly known species...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104509/morphometric-vertebral-fractures-in-breast-cancer-patients-treated-with-adjuvant-aromatase-inhibitor-therapy-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Rebecca Pedersini, Sara Monteverdi, Gherardo Mazziotti, Vito Amoroso, Elisa Roca, Filippo Maffezzoni, Lucia Vassalli, Filippo Rodella, Anna Maria Formenti, Stefano Frara, Roberto Maroldi, Alfredo Berruti, Edda Simoncini, Andrea Giustina
BACKGROUND: The impact of long-term adjuvant therapy with aromatase inhibitors (AIs) on vertebral fracture (VF) risk is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: In this cross-sectional study, we explored the prevalence and determinants of VFs in breast cancer (BC) patients before and during AI therapy. Each woman underwent a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) and identify VFs by a quantitative morphometric approach. Blood samples were collected to measure serum hormone and calcium levels...
January 16, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101875/sustanon-induces-dose-independent-hypertrophy-and-satellite-cell-proliferation-in-slow-oxidative-fibers-of-avian-skeletal-muscle
#6
Mohammed Z Allouh, Ahmad A Jarrar, Hasan A Asfour, Raed S Said, Emad I Shaqoura
Sustanon is a well-known anabolic drug that is used to treat hypogonadism and restore muscle mass and bone density. As research to date has been limited to its effects in glycolytic fibers, this study aimed to investigate the dose-related effects of Sustanon on the oxidative fibers of avian skeletal muscle. Adult female chickens were randomly divided into 4 groups: control (C), received a dose of 100 μl normal saline per injection; and Sustanon-1, -2, and -3 (S1, S2, and S3), that received a dose of 12.5, 25, or 50 mg/kg Sustanon per injection, respectively...
January 19, 2017: Histology and Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101719/in-patients-with-a-soft-pancreas-a-thick-parenchyma-a-small-duct-and-fatty-infiltration-are-significant-risks-for-pancreatic-fistula-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#7
Motokazu Sugimoto, Shinichiro Takahashi, Motohiro Kojima, Tatsushi Kobayashi, Naoto Gotohda, Masaru Konishi
BACKGROUND: This study sought to characterize soft and hard pancreatic textures radiologically and histologically, and to identify specific risks in a soft pancreas associated with postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) formation after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). METHODS: Consecutive 145 patients who underwent PD at a single institution between January 2010 and May 2013 were studied. Pancreatic consistency was intraoperatively judged as soft or hard. Pancreatic configuration was assessed using preoperative CT...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099573/hematological-and-morphometric-differences-of-blood-cells-from-rheas-rhea-americana-struthioniformes-rheidae-on-two-conservation-farms
#8
S S M Gallo, N B Ederli, F C R Oliveira
Today, blood tests are an indispensable tool in avian medicine. This study aimed to describe and compare hematological and morphometric data of erythrocytes, leukocytes and thrombocytes of rhea, Rhea americana. To do so, 58 rheas of both sexes on two farms, one in Cachoeiro do Itapemirim, Espírito Santo (ES), and the other in São Carlos, São Paulo (SP), were selected. Blood samples were taken and their RBC counts, PCV and Hb levels were determined and used in hematimetric index calculations. The total and differentiated leukocyte counts and the TPP and fibrinogen serum levels were also obtained...
January 12, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098245/natural-cytotoxicity-receptor-1-in-mouse-unk-cell-maturation-and-function
#9
A M Felker, B A Croy
Early and midgestational decidua of mice genetically ablated for expression of the natural killer (NK) cell natural cytotoxicity receptor (NCR; Ncr1(Gfp/Gfp) mice) shows restricted angiogenesis and atypically small uterine (u)NK cells . We hypothesized that NCR1 inactivation disturbs maturation and angiokine production by uterine natural killer (uNK) cells. Using histological and morphometric approaches, we observed that Ncr1(Gfp/Gfp) but not control C57BL/6 (B6) implantation sites sustain immature, non-granulated uNK cells into midpregnancy...
January 18, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097826/development-shapes-a-consistent-inbreeding-effect-in-mouse-crania-of-different-line-crosses
#10
Mihaela Pavličev, Philipp Mitteroecker, Paula M Gonzalez, Campbell Rolian, Heather Jamniczky, Fernando Pardo-Manuel Villena, Ralph Marcucio, Richard Spritz, Benedikt Hallgrimsson
Development translates genetic variation into a multivariate pattern of phenotypic variation, distributing it among traits in a nonuniform manner. As developmental processes are largely shared within species, this suggests that heritable phenotypic variation will be patterned similarly, in spite of the different segregating alleles. To investigate developmental effect on the variational pattern in the shape of the mouse skull across genetically differentiated lines, we employed the full set of reciprocal crosses (a...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part B, Molecular and Developmental Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097394/the-morphology-and-morphometry-of-the-fovea-capitis-femoris
#11
Vivek Perumal, Stephanie J Woodley, Helen D Nicholson
BACKGROUND: There is little published information on the anatomy of the fovea capitis femoris (FCF), the distal attachment site of the ligament of the head of femur (LHF). This study investigates the morphology of the FCF on dry bones in an attempt to answer some of the debate around the functional significance of the LHF. METHODS: The morphological and morphometric details of the FCF were analysed on 125 dry isolated femora (n = 125) from the Anatomy Museum, University of Otago, New Zealand...
January 17, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095484/experimental-diabetes-alters-the-morphology-and-nano-structure-of-the-achilles-tendon
#12
Rodrigo Ribeiro de Oliveira, Rômulo Medina de Mattos, Luciana Magalhães Rebelo, Fernanda Guimarães Meireles Ferreira, Fernanda Tovar-Moll, Luiz Eurico Nasciutti, Gerly Anne de Castro Brito
Although of several studies that associate chronic hyperglycemia with tendinopathy, the connection between morphometric changes as witnessed by magnetic resonance (MR) images, nanostructural changes, and inflammatory markers have not yet been fully established. Therefore, the present study has as a hypothesis that the Achilles tendons of rats with diabetes mellitus (DM) exhibit structural changes. The animals were randomly divided into two experimental groups: Control Group (n = 06) injected with a vehicle (sodium citrate buffer solution) and Diabetic Group (n = 06) consisting of rats submitted to intraperitoneal administration of streptozotocin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095425/relationship-between-clinical-parameters-and-brain-structure-in-sporadic-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-patients-according-to-onset-type-a-voxel-based-morphometric-study
#13
Hee-Jin Kim, Mony de Leon, Xiuyuan Wang, Hyun Young Kim, Young-Jun Lee, Yeon-Ha Kim, Seung Hyun Kim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a rapidly progressing, phenotypically heterogeneous neurodegenerative disease affecting mainly the motor neuron system. The present voxel-based morphometry (VBM) study investigated whether patterns of brain atrophy differ among sporadic ALS subtypes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sporadic ALS patients (n = 62) with normal cognition and age-matched healthy controls (n = 57) were included in the study. ALS patients were divided into limb- and bulbar-onset groups according to clinical manifestations at symptom onset (n = 48 and 14, respectively)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094863/palatal-morphology-changes-in-post-stroke-patients-measured-by-geometric-morphometrics
#14
Huanca Ghislanzoni Luis, Beatrice Leemann, Panagiotis Christou, Frauke Müller, Martin Schimmel, Stavros Kiliaridis
The present study aimed to describe longitudinal palatal shape changes in post-stroke patients when compared to a sample of healthy subjects through linear measurements and geometric morphometrics. The 3D palatal scanned models of seven stroke patients having a 1-year post-stroke follow up were matched with seven control subject of the same age group (range 50-87 years). Intercanine, intermolar distances, and palatal height were measured. 3D images were also analyzed through geometric morphometrics (GMM) to assess changes in the shape of the palate from T0 to T1 (1 year after the stroke)...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094824/structural-neuroimaging-in-polysubstance-users
#15
COMMENT
Dieter J Meyerhoff
The simultaneous and/or concurrent use of licit and illicit substances (polysubstance use, PSU) is most common today. Structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been applied extensively to study individuals ostensibly using a single substance. These studies have produced a picture of regional gray matter and white matter alterations with each substance or class of substances. Very few studies measured regional brain morphometry in today's polysubstance users. This limited data suggest morphometric alterations with PSU that are not simply additive but often different from those of monosubstance users...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094420/evaluation-of-the-optimal-plate-position-for-the-fixation-of-supraglenoid-tubercle-fractures-in-warmbloods
#16
Sina Frei, Hans Geyer, Seamus Hoey, Anton E Fuerst, Andrea S Bischofberger
OBJECTIVES: To determine scapular cortex thickness, distal scapular bone density and describe the exact suprascapular nerve course to evaluate the best plate position for the fixation of supraglenoid tubercle fractures in horses. METHODS: Twelve equine cadaveric shoulders were examined with computed tomography. Computed tomography morphometry and density measurements (Hounsfield units [HU]) of the scapula were recorded. Statistical comparisons were made between the cranial and caudal aspects of the scapula...
January 17, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092625/adrenergic-control-of-pinealocyte-chondriome-an-in-vitro-study
#17
B Przybylska-Gornowicz, B Lewczuk, N Ziółkowska, M Prusik
Norepinephrine released from sympathetic innervation plays the main role in the regulation of melatonin secretion in mammalian pinealocytes. The present study was conducted for the following reasons: 1) to establish whether the pinealocyte chondriome is controlled by norepinephrine, 2) to determine the effect of adrenergic stimulation on mitochondria, and 3) to characterize adrenoceptors involved in the regulation of the chondriome. The static organ culture of the pineal gland was used. The explants were incubated for 5 consecutive days in control medium and between 20:00 and 08:00 in medium with the presence of 10 μM norepinephrine - adrenergic agonist; isoproterenol - beta-adrenoceptor agonist; cirazoline, methoxamine, M-6364 - alfa1 - adrenoceptors agonists or PMA - activator of PKC...
December 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092615/immunoreactivity-of-arcuate-nucleus-astrocytes-in-rats-after-intragastric-administration-of-habanero-peppers-capsicum-chinese-jacq
#18
K Rycerz, A Krawczyk, J Jaworska-Adamu, M Gołyński, K Lutnicki, I Balicki
Habanero pepper fruits contain capsaicin (CAP) characterised by a spicy taste. Astrocytes express vanilloid receptor (TRPV1), which interacts with cannabinoids including CAP. Only a few studies revealed that CAP leads to alterations of the arcuate nucleus (ARC) structures. The aim of this study was to analyse the GFAP (GFAP-IR) and S100β (S100β-IR) immunoreactive astrocytes of ARC in adult rats after intragastric administration of habanero pepper fruits. Adult, Wistar rats received a peanut oil - control group (C) - and oil suspension of habanero pepper fruits at a dose of 0...
December 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091543/fluctuations-in-evolutionary-integration-allow-for-big-brains-and-disparate-faces
#19
Kory M Evans, Brandon T Waltz, Victor A Tagliacollo, Brian L Sidlauskas, James S Albert
In theory, evolutionary modularity allows anatomical structures to respond differently to selective regimes, thus promoting morphological diversification. These differences can then influence the rate and direction of phenotypic evolution among structures. Here we use geometric morphometrics and phenotypic matrix statistics to compare rates of craniofacial evolution and estimate evolvability in the face and braincase modules of a clade of teleost fishes (Gymnotiformes) and a clade of mammals (Carnivora), both of which exhibit substantial craniofacial diversity...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089901/over-expression-of-proteins-that-alter-the-intracellular-signaling-pathways-in-the-cytoplasm-of-the-liver-cells-forming-mallory-denk-bodies
#20
N Afifiyan, B Tillman, B A French, M Masouminia, S Samadzadeh, S W French
In this study, liver biopsy sections fixed in formalin and embedded in paraffin (FFPE) from patients with alcoholic hepatitis (AH) were used. The results showed that the expression of the SYK protein was up regulated by RNA-seq and real time PCR analyses in the alcoholic hepatitis patients compared to controls. The results were supported by using the IHC fluorescent antibody staining intensity morphometric quantitation. Morphometric quantification of fluorescent intensity measurement showed a two fold increase in SYK protein in the cytoplasm of the cells forming MDBs compared to surrounding normal hepatocytes...
January 13, 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
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