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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647688/antihypertensive-medication-adherence-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-among-older-adults-a-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Quanhe Yang, Anping Chang, Matthew D Ritchey, Fleetwood Loustalot
BACKGROUND: Antihypertension medication (antihypertensive) adherence lowers risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD); few studies have examined this association among older adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: We assessed this association among Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries aged 66 to 79 years who were newly diagnosed with hypertension and initiated on antihypertensives in 2008-2009 (n=155 597). We calculated proportion of days covered (PDC) during follow-up, using proportional subdistribution hazard models, to examine association between antihypertensive adherence and a composite CVD outcomes, including first incident of fatal/nonfatal acute myocardial infarction, ischemic heart disease, stroke/transient ischemic attack, and heart failure...
June 24, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646837/microbiological-purity-assessment-of-cosmetics-used-by-one-and-several-persons-and-cosmetics-after-their-expiry-date
#2
Krzysztof Skowron, Agnieszka Jakubicz, Anna Budzyńska, Agnieszka Kaczmarek, Katarzyna Grudlewska, Adrian Reśliński, Eugenia Gospodarek-Komkowska
Background: Microbiological purity of cosmetics provides safety of users during their use, prevents physicochemical changes of a preparation, infections and diseases of the skin. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the level of microbiological contamination of cosmetics used by one person and by several people and cosmetics after their expiry date in relations to standards for marketed cosmetics, ensuring safety of their use. Material and Methods: This study was conducted using 55 samples representing 19 types of cosmetics, divided into three groups: used by one person, used by several people and after the expiry date...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646729/the-structure-of-ptsd-symptoms-according-to-dsm-5-and-idc-11-proposal-a-multi-sample-analysis
#3
M Cyniak-Cieciura, K Staniaszek, A Popiel, E Pragłowska, B Zawadzki
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms structure is a subject of ongoing debate since its inclusion in DSM-III classification in 1980. Different research on PTSD symptoms structure proved the better fit of four-factor and five-factor models comparing to the one proposed by DSM-IV. With the publication of DSM-5 classification, which introduced significant changes to PTSD diagnosis, the question arises about the adequacy of the proposed criteria to the real structure of disorder symptoms. Recent analyses suggest that seven-factor hybrid model is the best reflection of symptoms structure proposed to date...
May 4, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646537/explaining-infant-feeding-the-role-of-previous-personal-and-vicarious-experience-on-attitudes-subjective-norms-self-efficacy-and-breastfeeding-outcomes
#4
Naomi C Bartle, Kate Harvey
OBJECTIVES: Breastfeeding confers important health benefits to both infants and their mothers, but rates are low in the United Kingdom and other developed countries despite widespread promotion. This study examined the relationships between personal and vicarious experience of infant feeding, self-efficacy, the theory of planned behaviour variables of attitudes and subjective norm, and the likelihood of breastfeeding at 6-8 weeks post-natally. DESIGN: A prospective questionnaire study of both first-time mothers (n = 77) and experienced breastfeeders (n = 72) recruited at an antenatal clinic in South East England...
June 23, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646503/personality-change-across-the-lifespan-insights-from-a-cross-cultural-longitudinal-study
#5
William J Chopik, Shinobu Kitayama
OBJECTIVE: Personality traits are characterized by both stability and change across the lifespan. Many of the mechanisms hypothesized to cause personality change (e.g., the timing of various social roles, physical health, and cultural values) differ considerably across culture. Moreover, personality consistency is valued highly in Western societies, but less so in non-Western societies. Few studies have examined how personality changes differently across cultures. METHOD: We employed a multi-level modeling approach to examine age-related changes in Big Five personality traits in two large panel studies of Americans (n = 6,259; Mage = 46...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645934/repeated-measurements-of-cardiac-biomarkers-in-atrial-fibrillation-and-validation-of-the-abc-stroke-score-over-time
#6
Ziad Hijazi, Bertil Lindahl, Jonas Oldgren, Ulrika Andersson, Johan Lindbäck, Christopher B Granger, John H Alexander, Bernard J Gersh, Michael Hanna, Veli-Pekka Harjola, Elaine M Hylek, Renato D Lopes, Agneta Siegbahn, Lars Wallentin
BACKGROUND: Cardiac biomarkers are independent risk markers in atrial fibrillation, and the novel biomarker-based ABC stroke score (age, biomarkers, and clinical history of prior stroke) was recently shown to improve the prediction of stroke risk in patients with atrial fibrillation. Our aim was to investigate the short-term variability of the cardiac biomarkers and evaluate whether the ABC stroke risk score provides a stable short-term risk estimate. METHODS AND RESULTS: According to the study protocol, samples were obtained at entry and also at 2 months in 4796 patients with atrial fibrillation followed for a median of 1...
June 23, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645890/tailored-communication-within-mobile-apps-for-diabetes-self-management-a-systematic-review
#7
Heidi Holmen, Astrid Klopstad Wahl, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Lis Ribu
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes is increasing and with the requirements for self-management and risk of late complications, it remains a challenge for the individual and society. Patients can benefit from support from health care personnel in their self-management, and the traditional communication between patients and health care personnel is changing. Smartphones and apps offer a unique platform for communication, but apps with integrated health care personnel communication based on patient data are yet to be investigated to provide evidence of possible effects...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645305/high-expression-of-collagen-triple-helix-repeat-containing-1-cthrc1-facilitates-progression-of-oesophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-through-mapk-mek-erk-fra-1-activation
#8
Chunni Wang, Zitong Li, Fei Shao, Xueying Yang, Xiaoli Feng, Susheng Shi, Yibo Gao, Jie He
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal cancer is one of the most common malignancies worldwide,and oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is the predominant histological type both globally and in China. Collagen triple helix repeat containing 1 (CTHRC1) has been found to be upregulated in ESCC. However, its role in tumourigenesis and progression of ESCC remains unclear. METHODS: Using our previous ESCC mRNA profiling data, we screened upregulated genes to identify those required for proliferation...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645223/decline-in-literacy-and-incident-ad-dementia-among-community-dwelling-older-persons
#9
Lei Yu, Robert S Wilson, S Duke Han, Sue Leurgans, David A Bennett, Patricia A Boyle
OBJECTIVE: To quantify longitudinal change in financial and health literacy and examine the associations of declining literacy with incident Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHOD: Data came from 799 participants of an ongoing cohort study. Literacy was measured using a battery of 32 questions. Clinical diagnoses were made annually following uniform structured procedures. The associations of declining literacy with incident AD dementia and MCI were tested using a joint model for longitudinal and time-to-event data...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645167/-it-s-important-but%C3%A2-perceived-barriers-and-situational-dependencies-to-social-contact-preferences-of-nursing-home-residents
#10
Katherine M Abbott, Lauren R Bangerter, Sarah Humes, Rachel Klumpp, Kimberly Van Haitsma
Background and Objectives: U.S. Nursing homes (NH) are shifting toward a person-centered philosophy of care, where staff understand each residents preferences, goals and values, and seek to honor them throughout the care delivery process. Social interactions are a major component of life and while low rates of social interactions are typically found among NH residents, little research has examined resident preferences for specific types of social interactions. The purpose of this study is to explore, from the perspective of the NH resident, barriers to social contact preferences and situations when social preferences change...
June 22, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645114/association-of-type-2-diabetes-with-liver-cirrhosis-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#11
Ping-Hsin Hsieh, Jing-Yang Huang, Oswald Ndi Nfor, Chia-Chi Lung, Chien-Chang Ho, Yung-Po Liaw
BACKGROUND: The link between the subcategories of liver cirrhosis and type 2 diabetes is not well known. We investigated the association of type 2 diabetes mellitus with alcoholic cirrhosis and cirrhosis without alcohol. METHODS: This nationwide cohort study used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Cirrhotic individuals and their matched controls were identified from 2001-2008. In all, 9 313 cirrhotic patients aged 20 years or older were matched by age, sex, and index date with the non-cirrhotic individuals (n = 37 252)...
June 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644717/responses-of-a-vulnerable-hispanic-population-in-new-jersey-to-hurricane-sandy-access-to-care-medical-needs-concerns-and-ecological-ratings
#12
Joanna Burger, Michael Gochfeld, Taryn Pittfield, Christian Jeitner
Recent increases in hurricanes led to a need to evaluate access to medical care, medical needs, and personal and community impact on vulnerable populations, particularly elderly, low income, and minority communities. This investigation examined (1) access to care, (2) interruptions in medical services, (3) personal impact from Hurricane Sandy, and (4) agreement with ecological statements related to storms, flooding, and damages in Hispanic/Latino patients receiving health care at Federally Qualified Health Centers in New Jersey...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644705/narrative-development-and-supported-employment-of-persons-with-severe-mental-illness
#13
Kelly Ann Cartwright, Tania Lecomte, Marc Corbière, Paul Lysaker
BACKGROUND: While the relationship between objective recovery and work among persons with severe mental illness (SMI) is well-established, few studies have examined the link between subjective recovery and employment. AIMS: The study investigated the prospective relationship between narrative development at the start of supported employment (SE) and positive work outcomes. METHODS: The authors employed a time-limited, mixed-method longitudinal design to examine the relationship between the baseline narrative development of 38 SE participants with SMI and employment outcomes eight months later, as well as whether narratives evolved over the course of the study...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644695/peer-supported-open-dialogue-a-thematic-analysis-of-trainee-perspectives-on-the-approach-and-training
#14
Tom Stockmann, Lisa Wood, Gabriela Enache, Frankie Withers, Lauren Gavaghan, Russell Razzaque
BACKGROUND: Open Dialogue (OD) is a Finnish social network based model of care, with practice and organisational aspects. Peer-supported Open Dialogue (POD) is a UK version involving peer workers, whose contributions include building on fragmented social networks. Fifty-four NHS staff undertook the first training in POD between 2014 and 2015. The training course was organised as four separate residential weeks, together with reflective sharing on an online platform. AIMS: This study aimed to explore the perspectives of the POD trainees on the training and the POD approach...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644691/the-evolution-of-psychological-testing-at-the-austen-riggs-center-a-theoretical-analysis
#15
Jeremy M Ridenour, Brittany Zimmerman
Theoretical perspectives on personality and the development of psychopathology have shifted markedly over the last 7 decades. However, it remains unclear how those changes affect mental health practice. Comprehensive and conscientiously recorded reports of psychological testing provide a clear window on this process because they comprise distinctive records of how patients are assessed and understood. For this study, we conducted an exploratory, qualitative analysis of the narratives of the testing reports over the past 65 years at the Austen Riggs Center, a private psychiatric hospital and residential treatment center, to assess changes over time and to evaluate the influence that various factors had on the reports...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644132/risk-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma-patients-receiving-radical-nephroureterectomy-a-population-based-cohort-study
#16
Shih-Yi Lin, Cheng-Li Lin, Chao-Hsiang Chang, His-Chin Wu, I-Kuan Wang, Che-Yi Chou, Ji-An Liang
BACKGROUND: The outcomes of upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) receiving radical nephroureterectomy were usually limited to small sample size, case-control studies, and often focused on cancer progression. Risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in these patients was never investigated. RESULTS: The overall incidences of AMI were 3.39, 1.44, and 1.70 per 10,000 person-years in the radical nephroureterectomy, nonnephroureterectomy, and non-UTUC cohorts, respectively...
June 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643887/personality-dopamine-and-parkinson-s-disease-insights-from-subthalamic-stimulation
#17
Eugénie Lhommée, François Boyer, Maxime Wack, Pierre Pélissier, Hélène Klinger, Emmanuelle Schmitt, Amélie Bichon, Valérie Fraix, Stéphan Chabardès, Patrick Mertens, Anna Castrioto, Andrea Kistner, Emmanuel Broussolle, Stéphane Thobois, Paul Krack
BACKGROUND: Subthalamic stimulation improves the motor and neuropsychiatric symptoms of Parkinson's disease. However, the impact of this treatment on impulse control and personality is the subject of heavy debate. The objective of this study was to investigate personality changes after subthalamic stimulation. METHODS: Using Cloninger's biosocial model, we assessed personality in 73 Parkinson's disease patients before and 12 months after subthalamic stimulation accompanied by a drastic reduction in dopaminergic medication...
June 23, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643289/recovery-from-eating-disorder-1%C3%A2-year-after-start-of-treatment-is-related-to-better-mentalization-and-strong-reduction-of-sensitivity-to-others
#18
Greet S Kuipers, Sandra den Hollander, L Andries van der Ark, Marrie H J Bekker
PURPOSE: To investigate whether recovery from an eating disorder is related to pre-treatment attachment and mentalization and/or to improvement of attachment and mentalization during treatment. METHOD: For a sample of 38 anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) patients receiving treatment the relations between attachment security, mentalization, comorbidity and recovery status after 12 months (not recovered or recovered), and after 18 months (persistently ill, relapsed, newly recovered, or persistently recovered) were investigated...
June 22, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642885/neuroanatomical-correlates-of-familial-risk-for-depression-and-religiosity-spirituality
#19
Connie Svob, Jie Liu, Priya Wickramaratne, Xuejun Hao, Ardesheer Talati, Jürgen Kayser, Craig Tenke, Virginia Warner, Jie Yang, Micheline Anderson, Myrna M Weissman
OBJECTIVE: To examine potential neural substrates that underlie the interplay between religiosity/spirituality and risk-for-depression. A new wave of data from a longitudinal, three generation study of individuals at high risk for depression is presented. In addition to providing new longitudinal data, we extend previous findings by employing additional (surface-based) methods for examining cortical volume. MEASURES PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans were collected on 106 second and third generation family members at high or low risk for major depression defined by the presence or absence of depression in the first generation...
March 2017: Spirituality in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642810/association-of-the-composite-inflammatory-biomarker-glyca-with-exercise-induced-changes-in-body-habitus-in-men-and-women-with-prediabetes
#20
David B Bartlett, Cris A Slentz, Margery A Connelly, Lucy W Piner, Leslie H Willis, Lori A Bateman, Esther O Granville, Connie W Bales, Kim M Huffman, William E Kraus
GlycA is a new composite measure of systemic inflammation and a predictor of many inflammatory diseases. GlycA is the nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy-derived signal arising from glucosamine residues on acute-phase proteins. This study aimed to evaluate how exercise-based lifestyle interventions modulate GlycA in persons at risk for type 2 diabetes. GlycA, fitness, and body habitus were measured in 169 sedentary adults (45-75 years) with prediabetes randomly assigned to one of four six-month exercise-based lifestyle interventions...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
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