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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340102/impact-of-unrestricted-access-to-pregabalin-on-the-use-of-opioids-and-other-cns-active-medications-a-cross-sectional-time-series-analysis
#1
Herman Kwok, Wayne Khuu, Kimberly Fernandes, Diana Martins, Mina Tadrous, Samantha Singh, David N Juurlink, Tara Gomes
Objective. : Access to pregabalin via Ontario's public drug insurance program was expanded to an unrestricted model on April 1, 2013, from a prior authorization model. This study aims to identify the effect of expanded access on the rate of pregabalin use by publicly insured persons and to assess the characteristics of new patients initiating pregabalin following this expanded access. Methods. : We conducted a cross-sectional time series analysis using the linked health administrative records of residents of Ontario, Canada, with public drug coverage who were dispensed a prescription for pregabalin between April 1, 2006, and December 31, 2014...
March 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340060/physician-dispensing-of-oxycodone-and-other-commonly-used-opioids-2000-2015-united-states
#2
Karin Ann Mack, Christopher McCall Jones, Roderick John McClure
Objective.:  An average of 91 people in the United States die every day from an opioid-related overdose (including prescription opioids and heroin). The direct dispensing of opioids from health care practitioner offices has been linked to opioid-related harms. The objective of this study is to describe the changing nature of the volume of this type of prescribing at the state level. Methods.:  This descriptive study examines the distribution of opioids by practitioners using 1999-2015 Automation of Reports and Consolidated Orders System data...
March 15, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339571/depression-among-non-daily-smokers-compared-to-daily-smokers-and-never-smokers-in-the-united-states-an-emerging-problem
#3
Andrea H Weinberger, Misato Gbedemah, Melanie M Wall, Deborah S Hasin, Michael J Zvolensky, Michael Chaiton, Renee D Goodwin
Introduction: Depression is strongly associated with daily smoking. Yet, little is known about the association between depression and non-daily smoking. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of past-year depression and changes in past-year depression over time among non-daily smokers, compared to daily smokers and never-smokers, overall and stratified by age, gender, income, nicotine dependence, and cigarettes per day. Methods: Data were drawn from the National Household Survey on Drug Use (NSDUH), an annual cross-sectional study of persons aged 12 and over (total study population N = 496 805)...
January 25, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334802/engagement-strategies-that-foster-community-self-determination-in-participatory-research-insider-ownership-through-outsider-championship
#4
Jon Salsberg, Soultana Macridis, Enrique Garcia Bengoechea, Ann C Macaulay, Spencer Moore
Background.: In order to maximize the benefits of community-based participatory research, effective ownership over the research process must be at least equally in the hands of the community. A previous social network analysis documented that the participatory research process shifted ownership from academic to community partners, but did not show what actions and strategies fostered this shift. Objectives.: This study follows the trajectory of a community-academic partnership and asks, from the perspective of the project stakeholders, which actions and strategies over the lifespan of the research led to the observed shift in ownership and decision-making from the original external academics to the community stakeholders? Methods...
February 18, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334661/extended-release-naltrexone-reduces-alcohol-consumption-among-released-prisoners-with-hiv-disease-as-they-transition-to-the-community
#5
Sandra A Springer, Angela Di Paola, Marwan M Azar, Russell Barbour, Archana Krishnan, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) are highly prevalent among persons living with HIV (PLH) within the criminal justice system (CJS). Extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX) has not been previously evaluated among CJS-involved PLH with AUDs. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted among 100 HIV+ prisoners with AUDs. Participants were randomized 2:1 to receive 6 monthly injections of XR-NTX or placebo starting one week prior to release...
March 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333988/years-of-life-lost-due-to-infectious-diseases-in-poland
#6
Marek Bryla, Elzbieta Dziankowska-Zaborszczyk, Pawel Bryla, Malgorzata Pikala, Irena Maniecka-Bryla
PURPOSE: An evaluation of mortality due to infectious diseases in Poland in 1999-2012 and an analysis of standard expected years of life lost due to the above diseases. METHODS: The study material included a database created on the basis of 5,219,205 death certificates of Polish inhabitants, gathered between 1999 and 2012 and provided by the Central Statistical Office. Crude Death Rates (CDR), Standardized Death Rates (SDR) and Standard Expected Years of Life Lost (SEYLL) due to infectious and parasitic diseases were also evaluated in the study period as well as Standard Expected Years of Life Lost per living person (SEYLLp) and Standard Expected Years of Life Lost per dead person (SEYLLd)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333973/reported-reasons-for-breakdown-of-marriage-and-cohabitation-in-britain-findings-from-the-third-national-survey-of-sexual-attitudes-and-lifestyles-natsal-3
#7
Kirsten Gravningen, Kirstin R Mitchell, Kaye Wellings, Anne M Johnson, Rebecca Geary, Kyle G Jones, Soazig Clifton, Bob Erens, Michelle Lu, Chenchit Chayachinda, Nigel Field, Pam Sonnenberg, Catherine H Mercer
OBJECTIVES: Breakdown of marriage and cohabitation is common in Western countries and is costly for individuals and society. Most research on reasons for breakdown has focused on marriages ending in divorce and/or have used data unrepresentative of the population. We present prevalence estimates of, and differences in, reported reasons for recent breakdown of marriages and cohabitations in Britain. METHODS: Descriptive analyses of data from Britain's third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3), a probability sample survey (15,162 people aged 16-74 years) undertaken 2010-2012, using computer-assisted personal interviewing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333512/randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-positive-affect-intervention-for-people-newly-diagnosed-with-hiv
#8
Judith T Moskowitz, Adam W Carrico, Larissa G Duncan, Michael A Cohn, Elaine O Cheung, Abigail Batchelder, Lizet Martinez, Eisuke Segawa, Michael Acree, Susan Folkman
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a randomized controlled trial to determine whether IRISS (Intervention for those Recently Informed of their Seropositive Status), a positive affect skills intervention, improved positive emotion, psychological health, physical health, and health behaviors in people newly diagnosed with HIV. METHOD: One-hundred and fifty-nine participants who had received an HIV diagnosis in the past 3 months were randomized to a 5-session, in-person, individually delivered positive affect skills intervention or an attention-matched control condition...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333496/divergent-effects-of-distance-versus-velocity-disturbances-on-emotional-experiences-during-goal-pursuit
#9
James W Beck, Abigail A Scholer, Jeffrey Hughes
Disturbances are factors outside of a person's control that influence goal progress. Although disturbances are typically included in theoretical accounts of goal pursuit, relatively little empirical research has explicitly considered the effects of disturbances on the goal-striving process. We address this gap in the literature by examining the effects that disturbances have on the emotional experience of goal pursuit. More importantly, we differentiate between distance disturbances (changes to the amount of progress made) and velocity disturbances (changes to the rate of progress made)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333011/utility-of-deep-inspiration-breath-hold-for-left-sided-breast-radiation-therapy-in-preventing-early-cardiac-perfusion-defects-a-prospective-study
#10
Timothy M Zagar, Orit Kaidar-Person, Xiaoli Tang, Ellen E Jones, Jason Matney, Shiva K Das, Rebecca L Green, Arif Sheikh, Amir H Khandani, William H McCartney, Jorge Daniel Oldan, Terence Z Wong, Lawrence B Marks
PURPOSE: To evaluate early cardiac single photon computed tomography (SPECT) findings after left breast/chest wall postoperative radiation therapy (RT) in the setting of deep inspiration breath hold (DIBH). METHODS AND MATERIALS: We performed a prospective single-institution single-arm study of patients who were planned for tangential RT with DIBH to the left breast/chest wall (± internal mammary nodes). The DIBH was done by use of a controlled surface monitoring technique (AlignRT, Vision RT Ltd, London, UK)...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332867/age-related-changes-in-thoracic-skeletal-geometry-of-elderly-females
#11
Sven A Holcombe, Stewart C Wang, James B Grotberg
OBJECTIVE: Both females and the elderly have been identified as vulnerable populations with increased injury and mortality risk in multiple crash scenarios. Particularly in frontal impacts, older females show higher risk to the chest and thorax than their younger or male counterparts. Thoracic geometry plays a role in this increase, and this study aims to quantify key parts of that geometry in a way that can directly inform human body models that incorporate the concept of person age...
March 23, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332424/neuroprotective-effect-of-dl-3-n-butylphthalide-on-patients-with-radiation-induced-brain-injury-a-clinical-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Xiaoni Zhang, Yi Li, Xiangpen Li, Xiaoming Rong, Yamei Tang, Ying Peng
PURPOSE: To evaluate the neuroprotective effects of Dl-3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) on patients with radiation-induced brain injury, a hospital-based, clinical retrospective cohort study was conducted. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data was collected on patients diagnosed with radiation-induced brain injury from January 2009 to January 2015 in Department of Neurology, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital. All patients enrolled have received cranial radiotherapy and were diagnosed with radiation-induced brain injury...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332338/goal-disengagement-well-being-and-goal-achievement-in-romantic-couples-pursuing-health-behavior-change-evidence-from-two-daily-diary-studies
#13
Janina Lüscher, Corina Berli, Urte Scholz
BACKGROUND: Withdrawing effort and commitment from important goals (i.e. goal disengagement) has been discussed as an effective aspect of goal adaption. However, studies have focused especially on between-person differences. The present studies aimed to investigate within-person differences in goal disengagement within a dyadic context of romantic couples. Across two different health behaviors, we specifically tested whether goal disengagement would be associated with better well-being, but lower goal achievement in everyday life...
March 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332116/sweating-rate-and-sweat-sodium-concentration-in-athletes-a-review-of-methodology-and-intra-interindividual-variability
#14
REVIEW
Lindsay B Baker
Athletes lose water and electrolytes as a consequence of thermoregulatory sweating during exercise and it is well known that the rate and composition of sweat loss can vary considerably within and among individuals. Many scientists and practitioners conduct sweat tests to determine sweat water and electrolyte losses of athletes during practice and competition. The information gleaned from sweat testing is often used to guide personalized fluid and electrolyte replacement recommendations for athletes; however, unstandardized methodological practices and challenging field conditions can produce inconsistent/inaccurate results...
March 22, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332012/-frequency-of-falls-among-clients-of-home-care-services-the-importance-of-care-related-and-social-risk-factors
#15
A Rommel, J Kottner, R Suhr, N Lahmann
BACKGROUND: Among the elderly falls frequently result in injuries, increase the need for long-term care and pose a challenge for the quality assurance in nursing care. We describe the frequency and risk factors of falls among care-dependent persons using home care services in Germany. METHODS: The participants of the study "Nursing-related health problems in home care" (n = 880) were recruited based on a list of the officially accredited nursing services. Data collection followed a standardized study protocol...
March 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331780/what-works-in-the-treatment-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#16
REVIEW
Lois W Choi-Kain, Ellen F Finch, Sara R Masland, James A Jenkins, Brandon T Unruh
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: This review summarizes advances in treatments for adults with borderline personality disorder (BPD) in the last 5 years. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence-based advances in the treatment of BPD include a delineation of generalist models of care in contrast to specialist treatments, identification of essential effective elements of dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT), and the adaptation of DBT treatment to manage post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and BPD...
2017: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331566/person-centered-prediction-of-survival-in-population-based-screening-program-by-an-intelligent-clinical-decision-support-system
#17
Reza Safdari, Elham Maserat, Hamid Asadzadeh Aghdaei, Amir Hossein Javan Amoli, Hamid Mohaghegh Shalmani
AIM: To survey person centered survival rate in population based screening program by an intelligent clinical decision support system. BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the most common malignancy and major cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Colorectal cancer is the sixth leading cause of cancer death in Iran. In this survey, we used cosine similarity as data mining technique and intelligent system for estimating survival of at risk groups in the screening plan...
2017: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331550/experiences-of-mobility-for-people-living-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-who-are-receiving-biologic-drug-therapy-implications-for-podiatry-services
#18
Lucy Sanders, Margaret Donovan-Hall, Alan Borthwick, Catherine J Bowen
BACKGROUND: Despite significant advancements in new treatment modalities for rheumatoid arthritis with biological therapies, foot complications remain a disabling and common feature of the disease. In this study the aim was to explore and describe the personal experiences of people with rheumatoid arthritis in receipt of biologic treatments in a bid to understand the impact of this form of medication on their mobility. METHODS: An interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) was undertaken to explore in depth the individual experience of rheumatoid disease through personal accounts of the patient journey spanning both 'before' and 'after' the instigation of biologic therapy...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331347/environmental-triggers-and-avoidance-in-the-management-of-asthma
#19
REVIEW
Clarisse Gautier, Denis Charpin
Identifying asthma triggers forms the basis of environmental secondary prevention. These triggers may be allergenic or nonallergenic. Allergenic triggers include indoor allergens, such as house dust mites (HDMs), molds, pets, cockroaches, and rodents, and outdoor allergens, such as pollens and molds. Clinical observations provide support for the role of HDM exposure as a trigger, although avoidance studies provide conflicting results. Molds and their metabolic products are now considered to be triggers of asthma attacks...
2017: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330444/incidence-and-time-trends-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-youth-aged-5-19-years-a-population-based-registry-in-zhejiang-china-2007-to-2013
#20
Haibin Wu, Jieming Zhong, Min Yu, Hao Wang, Weiwei Gong, Jin Pan, Fangrong Fei, Meng Wang, Li Yang, Ruying Hu
BACKGROUND: The incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been increasing globally over the past two decades in children and adolescents. There are currently a dearth of comprehensive population-based estimates of T2DM incidence and time trends in Chinese youth. METHODS: A population-based diabetes registry system in 30 representative districts in Zhejiang has been established for diabetes surveillance. All newly cases diagnosed by physicians in local hospitals and wards were registered using the registry system through web services and direct network report...
March 22, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
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