keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Personality change

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110279/walking-the-c4-pathway-past-present-and-future
#1
REVIEW
Robert T Furbank
The year 2016 marks 50 years since the publication of the seminal paper by Hatch and Slack describing the biochemical pathway we now know as C4 photosynthesis. This review provides insight into the initial discovery of this pathway, the clues which led Hatch and Slack and others to these definitive experiments, some of the intrigue which surrounds the international activities which led up to the discovery, and personal insights into the future of this research field. While the biochemical understanding of the basic pathways came quickly, the role of the bundle sheath intermediate CO2 pool was not understood for a number of years, and the nature of C4 as a biochemical CO2 pump then linked the unique Kranz anatomy of C4 plants to their biochemical specialization...
January 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110272/mitonuclear-interactions-mediate-transcriptional-responses-to-hypoxia-in-drosophila
#2
Jim A Mossman, Jennifer G Tross, Nick A Jourjine, Nan Li, Zhijin Wu, David M Rand
Among the major challenges in quantitative genetics and personalized medicine is to understand how gene × gene interactions (G × G: epistasis) and gene × environment interactions (G × E) underlie phenotypic variation. Here, we use the intimate relationship between mitochondria and oxygen availability to dissect the roles of nuclear DNA (nDNA) variation, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation, hypoxia, and their interactions on gene expression in Drosophila melanogaster Mitochondria provide an important evolutionary and medical context for understanding G × G and G × E given their central role in integrating cellular signals...
November 14, 2016: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110242/three-dimensional-analysis-of-tarsal-bone-response-to-axial-loading-in-patients-with-hallux-valgus-and-normal-feet
#3
Kota Watanabe, Yasutoshi Ikeda, Daisuke Suzuki, Atsushi Teramoto, Takuma Kobayashi, Tomoyuki Suzuki, Toshihiko Yamashita
BACKGROUND: Patients with hallux valgus present a variety of symptoms that may be related to the type of deformity. Weightbearing affects the deformities, and the evaluation of the load response of tarsal bones has been mainly performed using two-dimensional plane radiography. The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare structural changes in the medial foot arch between patients with hallux valgus and normal controls using a computer image analysis technique and weightbearing computed tomography data...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109244/individual-courses-of-low-back-pain-in-adult-danes-a-cohort-study-with-4-year-and-8-year-follow-up
#4
Per Kjaer, Lars Korsholm, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Lise Hestbaek, Tom Bendix
BACKGROUND: Few longitudinal studies have described the variation in LBP and its impact over time at an individual level. The aims of this study were to: 1) determine the prevalence of LBP in three surveys over a 9-year period in the Danish general population, using five different definitions of LBP, 2) study their individual long-term courses, and 3) determine the odds of reporting subsequent LBP when having reported previous LBP. METHODS: A cohort of 625 men and women aged 40 was sampled from the general population...
January 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109172/integrated-treatment-options-for-male-perpetrators-of-intimate-partner-violence
#5
Cory A Crane, Caroline J Easton
ISSUES: Male-to-female intimate partner violence remains a worldwide public health issue with adverse physical and psychological consequences for victims, perpetrators and children. Personality disorders, addiction, trauma and mood symptoms are established risk factors for intimate partner violence perpetration and factor prominently into a recovery-oriented treatment approach. APPROACH: We reviewed the partner violence literature for detailed reports of traditional as well as innovative, integrated treatment approaches...
January 21, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108866/donor-conception-and-passing-or-why-australian-parents-of-donor-conceived-children-want-donors-who-look-like-them
#6
Karen-Anne Wong
This article explores the processes through which Australian recipients select unknown donors for use in assisted reproductive technologies and speculates on how those processes may affect the future life of the donor-conceived person. I will suggest that trust is an integral part of the exchange between donors, recipients, and gamete agencies in donor conception and heavily informs concepts of relatedness, race, ethnicity, kinship, class, and visibility. The decision to be transparent (or not) about a child's genetic parentage affects recipient parents' choices of donor, about who is allowed to "know" children's genetic backgrounds, and how important it is to be able to "pass" as an unassisted conception...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108844/cultural-identity-among-afghan-and-iraqi-traumatized-refugees-towards-a-conceptual-framework-for-mental-health-care-professionals
#7
Simon P N Groen, Annemiek Richters, Cornelis J Laban, Walter L J M Devillé
Cultural identity in relation with mental health is of growing interest in the field of transcultural psychiatry. However, there is a need to clarify the concept of cultural identity in order to make it useful in clinical practice. The purpose of this study is to unravel the complexity and many layers of cultural identity, and to assess how stress and acculturation relate to (changes in) cultural identity. As part of a larger study about cultural identity, trauma, and mental health, 85 patients from Afghanistan and Iraq in treatment for trauma-related disorders were interviewed with a Brief Cultural Interview...
January 20, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107798/introduction-attention-plasticity
#8
Joseph B Hopfinger
Mechanisms of attention are a prime target for investigating the plasticity of the adult brain, as these core mechanisms act at the intersection of top-down and bottom-up processing, and the wide variety of methods used in attention research can be utilized to elucidate the mechanisms of plasticity. This special issue of Cognitive Neuroscience presents three new empirical papers and a discussion paper with peer commentaries. In the first article, Voelker, Sheese and colleagues investigate the influence of genetic variation on the effectiveness of attention training...
January 20, 2017: Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107643/does-psychological-well-being-change-following-treatment-an-exploratory-study-on-outpatients-with-eating-disorders
#9
Elena Tomba, Lucia Tecuta, Romana Schumann, Donatella Ballardini
Psychological well-being changes following cognitive-behavioral therapy-based treatment were investigated in outpatients with eating disorders (ED). While it is known that CBT reduces symptomatology in EDs, less is known about how changes in positive functioning may ensue. One-hundred and eighty five ED outpatients were analyzed for pre-treatment and post-treatment changes in psychological well-being (PWB) by last observation carried forward - Wilcoxon signed rank tests. Significant gains in all PWB dimensions were found, with moderate effect size correlations in environmental mastery (r=-...
January 7, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107449/the-impact-of-shame-self-criticism-and-social-rank-on-eating-behaviours-in-overweight-and-obese-women-participating-in-a-weight-management-programme
#10
Cristiana Duarte, Marcela Matos, R James Stubbs, Corinne Gale, Liam Morris, Jose Pinto Gouveia, Paul Gilbert
Recent research has suggested that obesity is a stigmatised condition. Concerns with personal inferiority (social rank), shame and self-criticism may impact on weight management behaviours. The current study examined associations between social comparison (shame, self-criticism), negative affect and eating behaviours in women attending a community based weight management programme focused on behaviour change. 2,236 participants of the programme completed an online survey using measures of shame, self-criticism, social comparison, and weight-related affect, which were adapted to specifically address eating behaviour, weight and body shape perceptions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107400/when-contact-is-not-enough-affecting-first-year-medical-students-image-towards-older-persons
#11
Sasmita Kusumastuti, Esther van Fenema, Eugenie C F Polman-van Stratum, Wilco Achterberg, Jolanda Lindenberg, Rudi G J Westendorp
CONTEXT: Many medical schools have initiated care internships to familiarize their students with older persons and to instil a professional attitude. OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of care internships on the image that first-year medical students have of older persons and to explore the underlying concepts that may play a role in shaping this image. DESIGN: Survey before and after a two-week compulsory care internship using the Aging Semantic Differential (ASD; 32 adjectives) and the Attitudes toward Old People (AOP; 34 positions) questionnaires...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107251/internet-delivered-self-management-support-for-improving-coronary-heart-disease-and-self-management-related-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#12
Jorge Palacios, Geraldine A Lee, Maria Duaso, Abigail Clifton, Ian J Norman, Derek Richards, Elizabeth Alexandra Barley
INTRODUCTION: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, including mental health comorbidity, which is associated with poor outcomes. Self-management is key, but there is limited access to self-management support. Internet-delivered interventions may increase access. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review to (1) determine the effectiveness of Internet-delivered CHD self-management support for improving CHD, mood, and self-management related outcomes and (2) identify and describe essential components for effectiveness...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106826/colorectal-carcinoma-a-general-overview-and-future-perspectives-in-colorectal-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Inés Mármol, Cristina Sánchez-de-Diego, Alberto Pradilla Dieste, Elena Cerrada, María Jesús Rodriguez Yoldi
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer and the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death. Most cases of CRC are detected in Western countries, with its incidence increasing year by year. The probability of suffering from colorectal cancer is about 4%-5% and the risk for developing CRC is associated with personal features or habits such as age, chronic disease history and lifestyle. In this context, the gut microbiota has a relevant role, and dysbiosis situations can induce colonic carcinogenesis through a chronic inflammation mechanism...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106781/family-food-providers-perceptions-of-the-causes-of-obesity-and-effectiveness-of-weight-control-strategies-in-five-countries-in-the-asia-pacific-region-a-cross-sectional-survey
#14
Anthony Worsley, Wei Wang, Rani Sarmugam, Quynh Pham, Judhiastuty Februhartanty, Stacey Ridley
The rise of the middle classes in developing countries and the associated epidemiological transition raises the importance of assessing this population group's awareness of the causes of obesity and effective weight control strategies in order to develop effective health promotion strategies. The study aimed to examine the perceptions of the causes of obesity and weight control strategies held by middle class household food providers in Melbourne, Singapore, Shanghai, Indonesia and Vietnam. An online survey was conducted in late 2013, early 2014 among 3945 respondents...
January 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106621/mortality-risk-reductions-from-substituting-screen-time-by-discretionary-activities
#15
Katrien Wijndaele, Stephen J Sharp, Nicholas J Wareham, Søren Brage
PURPOSE: Leisure-screen-time, including TV viewing, is associated with increased mortality risk. We estimated the all-cause mortality risk reductions associated with substituting leisure-screen-time with different discretionary physical activity types, and the change in mortality incidence associated with different substitution scenarios. METHODS: 423,659 UK Biobank participants, without stroke, myocardial infarction or cancer history, were followed for 7.6 (1.4) (median (IQR)) years...
January 19, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106561/the-modified-frontal-behavioral-inventory-fbi-mod-for-patients-with-frontotemporal-lobar-degeneration-alzheimer-s-disease-and-mild-cognitive-impairment
#16
Noora-Maria Suhonen, Ilona Hallikainen, Tuomo Hänninen, Jari Jokelainen, Johanna Krüger, Anette Hall, Maria Pikkarainen, Hilkka Soininen, Anne M Remes
While behavioral symptoms are both early and prevalent features of behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), they can be present in other types of dementia as well, including Alzheimer's disease (AD) and even mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The Frontal Behavioral Inventory (FBI) was specifically developed to capture the behavioral and personality changes in bvFTD; it has also been modified into a self-administered caregiver questionnaire (FBI-mod). We examined the utility of the FBI-mod in differentiating bvFTD (n = 26), primary progressive aphasia (PPA) (n = 7), AD (n = 53), and MCI (n = 50) patients, and investigated how the FBI-mod may be associated with neuropsychological measures...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105927/candidate-snp-markers-of-aggressiveness-related-complications-and-comorbidities-of-genetic-diseases-are-predicted-by-a-significant-change-in-the-affinity-of-tata-binding-protein-for-human-gene-promoters
#17
Irina V Chadaeva, Mikhail P Ponomarenko, Dmitry A Rasskazov, Ekaterina B Sharypova, Elena V Kashina, Marina Yu Matveeva, Tatjana V Arshinova, Petr M Ponomarenko, Olga V Arkova, Natalia P Bondar, Ludmila K Savinkova, Nikolay A Kolchanov
BACKGROUND: Aggressiveness in humans is a hereditary behavioral trait that mobilizes all systems of the body-first of all, the nervous and endocrine systems, and then the respiratory, vascular, muscular, and others-e.g., for the defense of oneself, children, family, shelter, territory, and other possessions as well as personal interests. The level of aggressiveness of a person determines many other characteristics of quality of life and lifespan, acting as a stress factor. Aggressive behavior depends on many parameters such as age, gender, diseases and treatment, diet, and environmental conditions...
December 28, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105897/-finding-the-person-you-really-are-%C3%A2-on-the-inside
#18
Neil E Clapton, Jonathan Williams, Gemma M Griffith, Robert Sp Jones
This study utilized a mixed methods approach to examine the feasibility and acceptability of group compassion focused therapy for adults with intellectual disabilities (CFT-ID). Six participants with mild ID participated in six sessions of group CFT, specifically adapted for adults with ID. Session-by-session feasibility and acceptability measures suggested that participants understood the group content and process and experienced group sessions and experiential practices as helpful and enjoyable. Thematic analysis of focus groups identified three themes relating to (1) direct experiences of the group, (2) initial difficulties in being self-compassionate and (3) positive emotional changes...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105877/academic-detailing-among-psychiatrists-feasibility-and-acceptability
#19
Kamini Vasudev, Joel Lamoure, Michael Beyaert, Varinder Dua, David Dixon, Jason Eadie, Larissa Husarewych, Ragu Dhir, Jatinder Takhar
Purpose Research has shown that academic detailing (AD), which includes repeated in-person educational messages in an interactive format in a physician's office, is among the most effective continuing medical education (CME) forms for improving prescribing practices and reducing drug costs. The purpose of this paper is to investigate AD's feasibility and acceptability as an educational tool among psychiatrists and its ability to facilitate positive changes in antipsychotic prescribing. Design/methodology/approach All psychiatrists practicing in Southwestern Ontario, Canada were invited to participate...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105863/the-role-of-mtor-inhibition-as-second-line-therapy-in-metastatic-renal-carcinoma-clinical-evidence-and-current-challenges
#20
José Luis González-Larriba, Pablo Maroto, Ignacio Durán, Julio Lambea, Luis Flores, Daniel Castellano
Sequential treatment with targeted agents is the standard of care for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). Although first-line therapy with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) is recommended for most patients, eventually all patients become resistant to them. Therefore, optimal selection of second-line therapy is crucial. Areas covered: We have reviewed the recent literature through pubmed search and recent congress presentations to briefly describe the clinical evidence for mTOR inhibition as a valid strategy in the treatment of mRCC after progression during anti-VEGFR therapy...
January 20, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
keyword
keyword
10779
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"