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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334717/-the-ten-year-retrospect-of-nutrition-and-health-status-of-pregnant-women-in-china
#1
C X Dong, S A Yin
Improvement of the nutrition and health status of pregnant women should be one of the top priority strategies of improving the physical fitness of next generation and reserve of talented person for national sustainable development. This paper reviews the nutrition and health status of pregnant women in China over the recent ten years and discusses the underlying factors and changing trends. The most popular nutrition-related problem is dietary imbalance, and many micronutrient intakes are lower than the recommended dietary intakes or adequate intakes, and some of nutrient intakes are still at a very low level for a long time such as vitamin D and calcium...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334609/score-for-the-survival-probability-in-metastasis-breast-cancer-a-nomogram-based-risk-assessment-model
#2
Zhenchong Xiong, Guangzheng Deng, Xinjian Huang, Xing Li, Xinhua Xie, Jin Wang, Zeyu Shuang, Xi Wang
Purpose: Survival of metastatic breast cancer patient remains unknown and varies greatly from person to person. Thus, we aimed to construct a nomogram to quantify the survival probability of patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Materials and methods: We had included 793 MBC patients and calculated trends of case fatality rate by Kaplan-Meier method and joinpoint regression. 634 patients with MBC between January 2004 and July 2011 and 159 patients with MBC between August 2011 and July 2013 were assigned to training cohort and internal validation cohort, respectively...
January 2, 2018: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334324/the-rite-of-passage-of-becoming-a-humanitarian-health-worker-experiences-of-retention-in-sweden
#3
Sara Albuquerque, Anneli Eriksson, Helle M Alvesson
BACKGROUND: Low retention of humanitarian workers poses constraints on humanitarian organisations' capacity to respond effectively to disasters. Research has focused on reasons for humanitarian workers leaving the sector, but little is known about the factors that can elucidate long-term commitment. OBJECTIVE: To understand what motivates and supports experienced humanitarian health workers to remain in the sector. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 experienced nurses who had been on at least three field missions with Médecins Sans Frontières Sweden...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334317/fluctuation-a-common-but-neglected-pattern-of-physical-activity-behaviour-an-exploratory-review-of-studies-in-recent-20-years
#4
Borui Shang, Yanping Duan, Wendy Yajun Huang, Walter Brehm
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity (PA) is beneficial for physical and psychological well-being, yet many people do not achieve these health benefits due to irregular PA participation which is also known as fluctuation. Limited attention has been given to the phenomenon of fluctuation in the PA behaviour literature. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to explore and to map definitions, measurements, behavioural evidence, and factors related to PA fluctuation...
January 15, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334045/development-of-a-patient-experience-questionnaire-to-improve-lifestyle-services-in-primary-care
#5
Paula Brauer, Dawna Royall, Anneli Kaethler, Alexandra Mayhew, Maya Israeloff-Smith
Aim We developed a self-report tool to assess patients' experiences with lifestyle services in team-based primary care and pilot tested the questionnaire as part of a lifestyle intervention study to reverse metabolic syndrome. BACKGROUND: Older client satisfaction questionnaires have been generally inadequate for quality improvement purposes, as they have been focused mainly on interpersonal skills of providers and/or in the context of one disease. New approaches to assessing the patient experience of lifestyle programs in primary care are needed and could inform quality improvement efforts over time...
January 15, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333895/childhood-adversity-and-hazardous-drinking-the-mediating-role-of-attachment-insecurity
#6
Thao Lan Le, Robert D Levitan, Robert E Mann, Robert G Maunder
BACKGROUND: Harmful alcohol use is associated with disease and mortality. Identifying new determinants of harmful drinking may aid the 16.3 million adults who have alcohol use disorders. Childhood adversity is associated with alcohol use, but is not amenable to change. Attachment insecurity (anxiety and avoidance) may be associated with alcohol use and may be a target for modification or used to personalize interventions. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to (a) identify the association between attachment insecurity and harmful drinking, (b) determine if attachment insecurity may mediate between childhood adversity and harmful drinking, and (c) test sex as a moderator between attachment insecurity and harmful drinking in the mediation relationship...
January 15, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333867/what-is-the-meaning-of-filial-piety-for-people-with-dementia-and-their-family-caregivers-in-china-under-the-current-social-transitions-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#7
Xiubin Zhang, Charlotte L Clarke, Sarah J Rhynas
The filial piety model of family centred care has dominated Chinese society for thousands of years. The ways in which filial piety is presented are being modified and modernised as China undergoes social transitions. The study aims to understand the meaning of filial piety for people with dementia and family caregivers. Semi-structured interviews with people with dementia ( n = 10) and family caregivers ( n = 14) were conducted. Data were analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Three themes emerged: (a) 'Being filial is a cultural continuity and my future investment'...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333791/the-impact-of-surgeons-pathologists-dialog-on-lymph-node-evaluation-of-colorectal-cancer-patients
#8
Rana Afifi, Benjamin Person, Riad Haddad
BACKGROUND: Lymph node (LN) retrieval and assessment is essential for accurate staging and treatment planning in colorectal cancer (CRC). According to U.S. National Cancer Institute recommendations, the minimal number of LNs needed for accurately staging of node-negative CRC is 12. Awareness and implementation of the guidelines has been shown to improve after assigning an opinion leader who has a special interest in CRC. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of dialogue between surgeons and pathologists in LN evaluation...
January 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333730/day-to-day-mastery-and-self-efficacy-changes-during-a-smoking-quit-attempt-two-studies
#9
Lisa M Warner, Gertraud Stadler, Janina Lüscher, Nina Knoll, Sibylle Ochsner, Rainer Hornung, Urte Scholz
OBJECTIVE: In social-cognitive theory, it is hypothesized that mastery experiences (successfully implementing behaviour change) are a source of self-efficacy, and self-efficacy increases the opportunity for experiencing mastery. Vicarious experiences (seeing others succeed) are suggested as another source of self-efficacy. However, the hypothesis of this reciprocal relationship has not been tested using a day-to-day design. DESIGN: This article reports findings from two intensive longitudinal studies, testing the reciprocal relationship of self-efficacy and its two main sources within the naturally occurring process of quitting smoking (without intervention)...
January 15, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333587/genetic-characterization-and-modification-of-a-bioethanol-producing-yeast-strain
#10
Ke Zhang, Ya-Nan Di, Lei Qi, Yang Sui, Ting-Yu Wang, Li Fan, Zhen-Mei Lv, Xue-Chang Wu, Pin-Mei Wang, Dao-Qiong Zheng
Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains isolated from different sources generally show extensive genetic and phenotypic diversity. Understanding how genomic variations influence phenotypes is important for developing strategies with improved economic traits. The diploid S. cerevisiae strain NY1308 is used for cellulosic bioethanol production. Whole genome sequencing identified an extensive amount of single nucleotide variations and small insertions/deletions in the genome of NY1308 compared with the S288c genome...
January 15, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333465/in-vivo-exposure-effects-of-99mtc-methoxyisobutylisonitrile-on-the-fdxr-and-xpa-genes-expression-in-human-peripheral-blood-lymphocytes
#11
Mohammad Taghi Bahreyni-Toossi, Habibeh Vosoughi, Hosein Azimian, Abdul Rahim Rezaei, Mehdi Momennezhad
Objectives: In recent years, the application of radiopharmaceuticals in nuclear medicine has increased substantially. Following the diagnostic procedures performed in nuclear medicine departments, such as myocardial perfusion imaging, patients generally receive considerable doses of radiation. Normally, radiation-induced DNA damages are expected following exposure to a low-dose ionizing radiation. In order to detect molecular changes, high-sensitivity techniques must be utilized. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a low-dose (below 10 mSv) gamma ray on gene expression using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR)...
2018: Asia Oceania Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332507/an-evaluation-of-the-impacts-of-changing-firearms-legislation-on-australian-female-firearm-homicide-victimization-rates
#12
Samara McPhedran
Reducing lethal violence against women requires comprehensive measures addressing individual, social, economic, cultural, and situational factors. Regarding situational factors, access to weapons-and firearm access in particular-has received notable research attention. However, most study comes from the United States of America, and findings may not apply elsewhere. The current study examines whether changing gun laws in Australia affected female firearm homicide victimization. Female firearm homicide victimization may have been affected; however, no significant impacts were found for male firearm homicide victimization...
September 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332498/an-updated-assessment-of-personal-protective-order-statutes-in-the-united-states-have-statutes-become-more-progressive-in-the-past-decade
#13
Tara N Richards, Alison Tudor, Angela R Gover
The Personal Protection Order (PPO) is one civil intervention all states provide to victims of domestic violence; however, each state varies widely in who can access PPOs, what protections are included in PPOs, and how they are enforced. Given the many changes to state PPO statutes over the last decade, this research replicates and updates DeJong and Burgess-Proctor's research on PPOs' victim-friendliness (using states' 2003 PPO statutes) by examining states' 2014 PPO statutes. Findings suggest that states have become more victim-friendly with most states ranking in the highest category of victim-friendliness...
August 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332235/do-diary-studies-cause-behavior-change-an-examination-of-reactivity-in-sexual-risk-and-substance-use-in-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#14
Michael E Newcomb, Gregory Swann, David Mohr, Brian Mustanski
Behavioral diaries are frequently used for observing sexual and substance use behaviors, but participating in diary studies may cause behavior change. This study examined change in sexual and substance use behaviors among young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in a two-month diary study compared to control. An analytic sample of 324 YMSM was randomized to receive daily diaries, weekly diaries, or no diaries (control) for 2 months. Half of the diary participants were randomized to receive automated weekly feedback...
January 13, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331993/increased-leisure-time-physical-activity-associated-with-lower-onset-of-diabetes-in-44%C3%A2-828-adults-with-impaired-fasting-glucose-a-population-based-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Xiang Qian Lao, Han-Bing Deng, Xudong Liu, Ta-Chien Chan, Zilong Zhang, Ly-Yun Chang, Eng-Kiong Yeoh, Tony Tam, Martin Chi Sang Wong, G Neil Thomas
AIMS: To evaluate the effects of habitual leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) on incident type 2 diabetes in a prospective cohort of Chinese adults with impaired fasting glucose (IFG). METHODS: 44 828 Chinese adults aged 20-80 years with newly detected IFG but free from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease were recruited and followed up from 1996 to 2014. Incident type 2 diabetes was identified by fasting plasma glucose ≥7 mmol/L. The participants were classified into four categories based on their self-reported weekly LTPA: inactive, low, moderate, or high...
January 13, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331967/understanding-frailty-a-qualitative-study-of-european-healthcare-policy-makers-approaches-to-frailty-screening-and-management
#16
Holly Gwyther, Rachel Shaw, Eva-Amparo Jaime Dauden, Barbara D'Avanzo, Donata Kurpas, Maria Bujnowska-Fedak, Tomasz Kujawa, Maura Marcucci, Antonio Cano, Carol Holland
OBJECTIVE: To elicit European healthcare policy-makers' views, understanding and attitudes about the implementation of frailty screening and management strategies and responses to stakeholders' views. DESIGN: Thematic analysis of semistructured qualitative interviews. SETTING: European healthcare policy departments. PARTICIPANTS: Seven European healthcare policy-makers representing the European Union (n=2), UK (n=2), Italy (n=1), Spain (n=1) and Poland (n=1)...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330677/evaluating-efficacy-of-landsat-derived-environmental-covariates-for-predicting-malaria-distribution-in-rural-villages-of-vhembe-district-south-africa
#17
Oupa E Malahlela, Jane M Olwoch, Clement Adjorlolo
Malaria in South Africa is still a problem despite existing efforts to eradicate the disease. In the Vhembe District Municipality, malaria prevalence is still high, with a mean incidence rate of 328.2 per 100,0000 persons/year. This study aimed at evaluating environmental covariates, such as vegetation moisture and vegetation greenness, associated with malaria vector distribution for better predictability towards rapid and efficient disease management and control. The 2005 malaria incidence data combined with Landsat 5 ETM were used in this study...
January 12, 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330282/population-dependent-intron-retention-and-dna-methylation-in-breast-cancer
#18
Dongwook Kim, Manu Shivakumar, Seonggyun Han, Michael S Sinclair, Youngji Lee, Yonglan Zheng, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Dokyoon Kim, Younghee Lee
Regulation of gene expression by DNA methylation in gene promoter regions is well-studied; however, the effects of methylation in the gene body (exons and introns) on gene expression are comparatively understudied. Recently, hyper-methylation has been implicated in the inclusion of alternatively spliced exons; moreover, exon recognition can be enhanced by recruiting the methyl-CpG-binding protein (MeCP2) to hyper-methylated sites. This study examines if methylation status of an intron is correlated with how frequently the intron is retained during splicing using DNA methylation and RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data from breast cancer tissue specimens in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA)...
January 12, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330202/high-risk-tp53-mutations-are-associated-with-extra-nodal-extension-ene-in-oral-cavity-squamous-cell-carcinoma-oscc
#19
Vlad C Sandulache, Chieko Michikawa, Pranav Kataria, Frederico O Gleber-Netto, Diana Bell, Sanchit Trivedi, Xiayu Rao, Jing Wang, Mei Zhao, Samar A Jasser, Jeffrey N Myers, Curtis R Pickering
PURPOSE:   Development of extra-nodal extension (ENE) has been associated with poor survival in patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Here we sought to confirm the role of ENE as a poor prognostic factor, and identify genomic and epigenetic markers of ENE in order to develop a predictive model and improve treatment selection. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: An institutional cohort (University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center) was utilized to confirm the impact of ENE on clinical outcomes and evaluate the genomic signature of primary and ENE containing tissue...
January 12, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330081/optimization-of-a-technology-supported-physical-activity-intervention-for-breast-cancer-survivors-fit2thrive-study-protocol
#20
Siobhan M Phillips, Linda M Collins, Frank J Penedo, Kerry S Courneya, Whitney Welch, Alison Cottrell, Gillian R Lloyd, Kara Gavin, David Cella, Ronald T Ackermann, Juned Siddique, Bonnie Spring
Fit2Thrive is a theory-guided physical activity promotion trial using the Multiphase Optimization Strategy (MOST) to test efficacy for improving physical activity of five technology-supported physical activity promotion intervention components among breast cancer survivors. This trial will recruit 256 inactive breast cancer survivors nationwide. All participants will receive the core intervention which includes a Fitbit and standard self-monitoring Fit2Thrive smartphone application which will be downloaded to their personal phone...
January 9, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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