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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784553/postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-syndrome-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Kate Morgan, Catherine Chojenta, Meredith Tavener, Angela Smith, Deb Loxton
PURPOSE: Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome is most commonly seen in women of child bearing age, however little is known about its effects in pregnancy. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted in March 2015 and updated in February 2018. Medline, Embase, PsychInfo, CINHAL, and the Cochrane Library were searched from database inception. The ClinicalTrials.gov site and bibliographies were searched. MeSH and Emtree headings and keywords included; Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome, Postural Tachycardia Syndrome, and were combined with pregnancy and pregnancy related subject headings and keywords...
May 9, 2018: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733398/pre-pregnancy-fast-food-and-fruit-intake-is-associated-with-time-to-pregnancy
#2
Jessica A Grieger, Luke E Grzeskowiak, Tina Bianco-Miotto, Tanja Jankovic-Karasoulos, Lisa J Moran, Rebecca L Wilson, Shalem Y Leemaqz, Lucilla Poston, Lesley McCowan, Louise C Kenny, Jenny Myers, James J Walker, Robert J Norman, Gus A Dekker, Claire T Roberts
STUDY QUESTION: Is preconception dietary intake associated with reduced fecundity as measured by a longer time to pregnancy (TTP)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Lower intake of fruit and higher intake of fast food in the preconception period were both associated with a longer TTP. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Several lifestyle factors, such as smoking and obesity, have consistently been associated with a longer TTP or infertility, but the role of preconception diet in women remains poorly studied...
May 4, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718971/personal-social-and-environmental-factors-associated-with-lifejacket-wear-in-adults-and-children-a-systematic-literature-review
#3
Amy E Peden, Daniel Demant, Martin S Hagger, Kyra Hamilton
OBJECTIVE: Drowning claims 7% of the global burden of injury-related deaths. Lifejackets are routinely recommended as a drowning prevention strategy; however, a review of related factors regarding lifejacket wear has not previously been investigated. METHODS: This systematic review examined literature published from inception to December 2016 in English and German languages. The personal, social, and environmental factors associated with lifejacket wear among adults and children were investigated, a quantitative evaluation of the results undertaken, and gaps in the literature identified...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690917/health-consequences-for-mother-and-baby-of-substantial-pre-conception-weight-loss-in-obese-women-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Sarah Price, Alison Nankervis, Michael Permezel, Luke Prendergast, Priya Sumithran, Joseph Proietto
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for the management of obesity in women planning pregnancy suggest lifestyle modification before conception. However, there is little evidence that lifestyle modification alters pregnancy outcomes. Bariatric surgery results in significant weight loss. This appears to reduce the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes for the mother but may increase the risk of adverse outcomes for the infant. In order to reduce the risks of obesity-related adverse pregnancy outcomes for both mother and offspring, alternative approaches to the management of obesity in women planning pregnancy are needed...
April 24, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672988/evaluation-of-a-public-education-campaign-to-support-parents-to-reduce-adolescent-alcohol-use
#5
Robyn S Johnston, Julia Stafford, Michelle I Jongenelis, Therese Shaw, Hannah Samsa, Eleanor Costello, Gary Kirby
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Mass media education campaigns targeting parents may influence parent factors that reduce adolescent drinking; however few such campaigns have been evaluated. DESIGN AND METHODS: The Parents, Young People and Alcohol campaign included two phases of mass media advertising, Cogs and I See, to deliver consistent messages across multiple media channels. The campaign targeted Western Australian parents of 12-17 year olds with messages describing alcohol's effect on the developing brain and adolescent physical and mental health...
April 19, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669005/fertility-and-neonatal-outcomes-of-embryos-achieving-blastulation-on-day-7-are-they-of-clinical-value
#6
Tong Du, Yun Wang, Yong Fan, Shiyi Zhang, Zhiguang Yan, Weina Yu, Qianwen Xi, Qiuju Chen, Ben W Mol, Qifeng Lyu, Yanping Kuang
STUDY QUESTION: Is transferring embryos that achieve blastulation on Day 7 effective and safe? SUMMARY ANSWER: Embryos that achieve blastulation on Day 7 resulted in clinically relevant rates of clinical pregnancy (32.5%) and live birth (25.2%), and newborns have a similar risk of low birth weight, congenital malformations or early neonatal death compared with those derived from Days 5 and 6 blastocysts. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Potential advantages of blastocyst transfer over cleavage embryo transfer have led to a shift toward the former in IVF practice...
April 13, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540265/the-global-optima-hiv-allocative-efficiency-model-targeting-resources-in-efforts-to-end-aids
#7
Sherrie L Kelly, Rowan Martin-Hughes, Robyn M Stuart, Xiao F Yap, David J Kedziora, Kelsey L Grantham, S Azfar Hussain, Iyanoosh Reporter, Andrew J Shattock, Laura Grobicki, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Zofia Baranczuk, Olivia Keiser, Janne Estill, Janka Petravic, Richard T Gray, Clemens J Benedikt, Nicole Fraser, Marelize Gorgens, David Wilson, Cliff C Kerr, David P Wilson
BACKGROUND: To move towards ending AIDS by 2030, HIV resources should be allocated cost-effectively. We used the Optima HIV model to estimate how global HIV resources could be retargeted for greatest epidemiological effect and how many additional new infections could be averted by 2030. METHODS: We collated standard data used in country modelling exercises (including demographic, epidemiological, behavioural, programmatic, and expenditure data) from Jan 1, 2000, to Dec 31, 2015 for 44 countries, capturing 80% of people living with HIV worldwide...
April 2018: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538638/natural-conception-rates-in-couples-with-unexplained-or-mild-male-subfertility-scheduled-for-fertility-treatment-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
R van Eekelen, R I Tjon-Kon-Fat, P M M Bossuyt, N van Geloven, M J C Eijkemans, A J Bensdorp, F van der Veen, B W Mol, M van Wely
STUDY QUESTION: What is the natural conception rate over the course of 12 months in couples with unexplained or mild male subfertility who are scheduled for fertility treatment and have a predicted unfavourable prognosis for natural conception? SUMMARY ANSWER: The natural conception rate over the course of 12 months in couples who were allocated to treatment was estimated to be 24.5% (95% CI: 20-29%). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: After starting treatment, couples often perceive unsuccessful cycles as evidence of definitive failure even though they are still able to conceive naturally in between and after treatment...
May 1, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507256/telehealth-in-the-elderly-with-chronic-heart-failure-what-is-the-evidence
#9
Robyn A Clark
BACKGROUND: In a series of studies over the past decade we have measured the effectiveness of telehealth for elderly heart failure patients (>70 years) on rehospitalisation, mortality, adherence, satisfaction, cost effectiveness, health related quality of life, age and types of technology. METHODS: Evidence has been derived from a Cochrane systematic review and meta-analysis (1 original and 2 updates: 2007-2016), two sub-analysis of this data and a large NHMRC funded multicentre randomised controlled trial (CHAT study 2010)...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471449/obesity-associated-advanced-glycation-end-products-within-the-human-uterine-cavity-adversely-impact-endometrial-function-and-embryo-implantation-competence
#10
Gabriella S Antoniotti, Melinda Coughlan, Lois A Salamonsen, Jemma Evans
STUDY QUESTION: Do obese levels of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) within the uterine cavity detrimentally alter tissue function in embryo implantation and placental development? SUMMARY ANSWER: Obese levels of AGEs activate inflammatory signaling (p65 NFκB) within endometrial epithelial cells and alter their function, cause endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in endometrial stromal cells and impair decidualization, compromise implantation of blastocyst mimics and inhibit trophoblast invasion...
April 1, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444788/assessment-of-the-societal-and-individual-preferences-for-fertility-treatment-in-australia-study-protocol-for-stated-preference-discrete-choice-experiments
#11
Willings Botha, Natasha Donnolley, Marian Shanahan, Georgina M Chambers
INTRODUCTION: In Australia, societal and individual preferences for funding fertility treatment remain largely unknown. This has resulted in a lack of evidence about willingness to pay (WTP) for fertility treatment by either the general population (the funders) or infertile individuals (who directly benefit). Using a stated preference discrete choice experiment (SPDCE) approach has been suggested as a more appropriate method to inform economic evaluations of fertility treatment. We outline the protocol for an ongoing study which aims to assess fertility treatment preferences of both the general population and infertile individuals, and indirectly estimate their WTP for fertility treatment...
February 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441204/relationships-between-compulsive-exercise-quality-of-life-psychological-distress-and-motivation-to-change-in-adults-with-anorexia-nervosa
#12
Sarah Young, Stephen Touyz, Caroline Meyer, Jon Arcelus, Paul Rhodes, Sloane Madden, Kathleen Pike, Evelyn Attia, Ross D Crosby, Phillipa Hay
Background: For people with anorexia nervosa (AN), compulsive exercise is characterized by extreme concerns about the perceived negative consequences of stopping/reducing exercise, dysregulation of affect, and inflexible exercise routines. It is associated with increased eating disorder psychopathology and poor clinical outcome. However, its relationships with two important clinical issues, quality of life (QoL) and motivation to change, are currently unknown. This study aimed to assess the cross-sectional relationships between compulsive exercise, QoL, psychological distress (anxiety and depressive symptoms, and obsessive-compulsive traits) and motivation to change in patients with AN...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433429/the-management-of-children-with-bronchiolitis-in-the-australasian-hospital-setting-development-of-a-clinical-practice-guideline
#13
Sharon O'Brien, Sally Wilson, Fenella J Gill, Elizabeth Cotterell, Meredith L Borland, Edward Oakley, Stuart R Dalziel
BACKGROUND: Bronchiolitis is the commonest respiratory infection in children less than 12 months and cause of hospitalisation in infants under 6 months of age in Australasia. Unfortunately there is substantial variation in management, despite high levels of supporting evidence. This paper reports on the process, strengths and challenges of the hybrid approach used to develop the first Australasian management guideline relevant to the local population. METHOD: An adaption of the nine steps recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology were utilised...
February 12, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396799/comparing-non-medical-sex-selection-and-saviour-sibling-selection-in-the-case-of-js-and-ls-v-patient-review-panel-beyond-the-welfare-of-the-child
#14
Malcolm K Smith, Michelle Taylor-Sands
The national ethical guidelines relevant to assisted reproductive technology (ART) have recently been reviewed by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC). The review process paid particular attention to the issue of non-medical sex selection, although ultimately, the updated ethical guidelines maintain the pre-consultation position of a prohibition on non-medical sex selection. Whilst this recent review process provided a public forum for debate and discussion of this ethically contentious issue, the Victorian case of JS and LS v Patient Review Panel (Health and Privacy) [2011] VCAT 856 provides a rare instance where the prohibition on non-medical sex selection has been explored by a court or tribunal in Australia...
March 2018: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388180/exploring-data-quality-management-within-clinical-trials
#15
Lauren Houston, Yasmine Probst, Ping Yu, Allison Martin
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials are an important research method for improving medical knowledge and patient care. Multiple international and national guidelines stipulate the need for data quality and assurance. Many strategies and interventions are developed to reduce error in trials, including standard operating procedures, personnel training, data monitoring, and design of case report forms. However, guidelines are nonspecific in the nature and extent of necessary methods. OBJECTIVE: This article gathers information about current data quality tools and procedures used within Australian clinical trial sites, with the aim to develop standard data quality monitoring procedures to ensure data integrity...
January 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355899/care-of-pregnant-women-with-decreased-fetal-movements-update-of-a-clinical-practice-guideline-for-australia-and-new-zealand
#16
Lisa M Daly, Glenn Gardener, Victoria Bowring, Wendy Burton, Yogesh Chadha, David Ellwood, Frederik Frøen, Adrienne Gordon, Alexander Heazell, Kassam Mahomed, Susan McDonald, Jane E Norman, Jeremy Oats, Vicki Flenady
The National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Centre of Research Excellence in Stillbirth and the Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand (PSANZ) have recently partnered in updating an important clinical practice guideline, Care of pregnant women with decreased fetal movements. This guideline offers 12 recommendations and a suggested care pathway, with the aim to improve the quality of care for women reporting decreased fetal movements through an evidence-based approach. Adoption of the guideline by clinicians and maternity hospitals could result in earlier identification of higher-risk pregnancies, improved perinatal health outcomes for women and their babies, and reduced stillbirth rates...
January 22, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332730/biomechanical-factors-associated-with-running-economy-and-performance-of-elite-kenyan-distance-runners-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Nassib Tawa, Quinette Louw
BACKGROUND: Running economy (RE) is a determinant of performance in endurance sports and is a complex multi-factorial measure which reflects the combined functioning of bio-mechanical, neuro-muscular, metabolic and cardio-respiratory factors some of which are hereditary or adapt to coaching. Kenyan distance runners have dominated major global events with their unmatched performance for decades and this phenomenon has prompted several investigations aimed at establishing possible factors associated with their performance...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281162/the-australian-nhmrc-guidelines-for-alcohol-consumption-and-their-portrayal-in-the-print-media-a-content-analysis-of-australian-newspapers
#18
Bronwyn M Wolfaardt, Aimee L Brownbill, Mohammad Afzal Mahmood, Jacqueline A Bowden
OBJECTIVE: To measure and characterise unpaid coverage in the Australian print media of the 2001, 2007 and 2009 National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Australian Guidelines to Reduce Health Risks from Drinking Alcohol. METHODS: A total of 172 articles published in Australian newspapers between 1999 and 2014 were content analysed using a coding framework aimed to define the article descriptors, article prominence, content, slant and guidelines. RESULTS: The majority (62...
February 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193794/making-stillbirths-visible-a-systematic-review-of-globally-reported-causes-of-stillbirth
#19
REVIEW
H E Reinebrant, S H Leisher, M Coory, S Henry, A M Wojcieszek, G Gardener, R Lourie, D Ellwood, Z Teoh, E Allanson, H Blencowe, E S Draper, J J Erwich, J F Frøen, J Gardosi, K Gold, S Gordijn, A Gordon, Aep Heazell, T Y Khong, F Korteweg, J E Lawn, E M McClure, J Oats, R Pattinson, K Pettersson, D Siassakos, R M Silver, Gcs Smith, Ö Tunçalp, V Flenady
BACKGROUND: Stillbirth is a global health problem. The World Health Organization (WHO) application of the International Classification of Diseases for perinatal mortality (ICD-PM) aims to improve data on stillbirth to enable prevention. OBJECTIVES: To identify globally reported causes of stillbirth, classification systems, and alignment with the ICD-PM. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched CINAHL, EMBASE, Medline, Global Health, and Pubmed from 2009 to 2016...
January 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121350/individualized-fsh-dosing-based-on-ovarian-reserve-testing-in-women-starting-ivf-icsi-a-multicentre-trial-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#20
Theodora C van Tilborg, Simone C Oudshoorn, Marinus J C Eijkemans, Monique H Mochtar, Ron J T van Golde, Annemieke Hoek, Walter K H Kuchenbecker, Kathrin Fleischer, Jan Peter de Bruin, Henk Groen, Madelon van Wely, Cornelis B Lambalk, Joop S E Laven, Ben Willem J Mol, Frank J M Broekmans, Helen L Torrance
STUDY QUESTION: Is there a difference in live birth rate and/or cost-effectiveness between antral follicle count (AFC)-based individualized FSH dosing or standard FSH dosing in women starting IVF or ICSI treatment? SUMMARY ANSWER: In women initiating IVF/ICSI, AFC-based individualized FSH dosing does not improve live birth rates or reduce costs as compared to a standard FSH dose. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In IVF or ICSI, ovarian reserve testing is often used to adjust the FSH dose in order to normalize ovarian response and optimize live birth rates...
December 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
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