keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

NHMRC

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603870/advice-about-infant-feeding-for-allergy-prevention-a-confusing-picture-for-australian-consumers
#1
Merryn J Netting, Katrina J Allen
AIM: Early feeding plays an important role in programming the immune system, particularly the risk of food allergy. There are many infant feeding guides published for consumers available in Australia, with most based on the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) 2012 Infant Feeding Guidelines for Health Workers and the Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy (ASCIA) Infant Feeding Advice for allergy prevention. We sought to compare allergy-specific content of infant feeding educational material written for parents with these two documents...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595509/rehabilitation-for-individuals-with-genetic-degenerative-ataxia-a-systematic-review
#2
Sarah C Milne, Louise A Corben, Nellie Georgiou-Karistianis, Martin B Delatycki, Eppie M Yiu
BACKGROUND: Treatment of genetic degenerative ataxia is currently based on symptom management and maintenance of function. However, utilization of rehabilitation is limited due to a lack of evidence supporting its efficacy. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review evaluated rehabilitation interventions for individuals with genetic degenerative ataxia. In addition, long-term outcomes from rehabilitation and optimal duration and intensity of rehabilitation were examined...
June 1, 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592254/ckd-qld-establishment-of-a-chronic-kidney-disease-ckd-registry-in-queensland-australia
#3
Sree K Venuthurupalli, Wendy E Hoy, Helen G Healy, Anne Cameron, Robert G Fassett
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease [CKD] is recognised as a global public health problem. Until recently, the majority of information informing on CKD has been generated from renal registries reporting on patients with end-stage kidney disease [ESKD] and on renal replacement therapy [RRT]. There has been a paucity of information on pre-dialysis CKD cohorts, and many issues related to these poorly described populations are unresolved. To this end, international organizations have called for CKD surveillance systems across all countries...
June 7, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589001/multisite-prospective-investigation-of-psychological-outcomes-following-cataract-surgery-in-vietnam
#4
David Berle, Zachary Steel, Beverley M Essue, Lisa Keay, Stephen Jan, Huynh Tan Phuc, Maree L Hackett
BACKGROUND: Cataract surgery is a low-cost and effective intervention. There is increasing evidence to suggest that cataract surgery is associated with improvements in mobility, overall functioning and reductions in psychological distress. Within low-income and middle-income countries, cataract surgery has also been documented to lead to reductions in psychological distress; however, differences in economic activity and engagement in paid and domestic work in these countries may moderate such reductions...
January 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490306/adherence-to-diabetic-eye-examination-guidelines-in-australia-the-national-eye-health-survey
#5
Joshua Foreman, Stuart Keel, Jing Xie, Peter Van Wijngaarden, Hugh R Taylor, Mohamed Dirani
OBJECTIVE: To determine adherence to NHMRC eye examination guidelines for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian people with diabetes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey using multistage, random cluster sampling. SETTING: Thirty randomly selected geographic sites in the five mainland Australian states and the Northern Territory, stratified by remoteness. PARTICIPANTS: 1738 Indigenous Australians aged 40-92 years and 3098 non-Indigenous Australians aged 50-98 years were recruited and examined between March 2015 and April 2016 according to a standardised protocol that included a questionnaire (administered by an interviewer) and a series of standard eye tests...
May 15, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333279/inhibition-of-pim1-kinase-attenuates-inflammation-induced-pro-labour-mediators-in-human-foetal-membranes-in-vitro
#6
Ratana Lim, Gillian Barker, Martha Lappas
STUDY QUESTION: Does proviral integration site for Moloney murine leukaemic virus (PIM)1 kinase play a role in regulating the inflammatory processes of human labour and delivery? SUMMARY ANSWER: PIM1 kinase plays a critical role in foetal membranes in regulating pro-inflammatory and pro-labour mediators. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Infection and inflammation have strong causal links to preterm delivery by stimulating pro-inflammatory cytokines and collagen degrading enzymes, which can lead to rupture of membranes...
June 1, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333195/genome-wide-genetic-analyses-highlight-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-mapk-signaling-in-the-pathogenesis-of-endometriosis
#7
Outi Uimari, Nilufer Rahmioglu, Dale R Nyholt, Katy Vincent, Stacey A Missmer, Christian Becker, Andrew P Morris, Grant W Montgomery, Krina T Zondervan
STUDY QUESTION: Do genome-wide association study (GWAS) data for endometriosis provide insight into novel biological pathways associated with its pathogenesis? SUMMARY ANSWER: GWAS analysis uncovered multiple pathways that are statistically enriched for genetic association signals, analysis of Stage A disease highlighted a novel variant in MAP3K4, while top pathways significantly associated with all endometriosis and Stage A disease included several mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-related pathways...
April 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333180/influence-of-the-disease-label-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-on-intention-to-have-an-ultrasound-and-psychosocial-outcomes-a-randomised-online-study-in-young-women
#8
Tessa Copp, Kirsten McCaffery, Lamiae Azizi, Jenny Doust, Ben W J Mol, Jesse Jansen
STUDY QUESTION: Does the disease label 'polycystic ovary syndrome' (PCOS) have an impact on desire for medical testing and psychosocial outcomes? SUMMARY ANSWER: When given the disease label PCOS in a hypothetical scenario, participants had higher intention to have an ultrasound, perceived the condition to be more severe and had lower self-esteem than those not given the disease label. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Widening diagnostic criteria and improved imaging sensitivity have increased the number of reproductive-aged women diagnosed with PCOS from 4% to 8% to up to 21%...
April 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314746/protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-stepped-wedge-trial-assessing-the-impact-of-a-community-level-hygiene-intervention-and-a-water-intervention-using-riverbank-filtration-technology-on-diarrhoeal-prevalence-in-india
#9
Sarah L McGuinness, Joanne E O'Toole, Thomas B Boving, Andrew B Forbes, Martha Sinclair, Sumit K Gautam, Karin Leder
INTRODUCTION: Diarrhoea is a leading cause of death globally, mostly occurring as a result of insufficient or unsafe water supplies, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene. Our study aims to investigate the impact of a community-level hygiene education program and a water quality intervention using riverbank filtration (RBF) technology on diarrhoeal prevalence. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We have designed a stepped wedge cluster randomised trial to estimate the health impacts of our intervention in 4 rural villages in Karnataka, India...
March 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243672/a-new-model-of-collaborative-research-experiences-from-one-of-australia-s-nhmrc-partnership-centres-for-better-health
#10
Sonia Wutzke, Sally Redman, Adrian Bauman, Penelope Hawe, Alan Shiell, Sarah Thackway, Andrew Wilson
There is often a disconnection between the creation of evidence and its use in policy and practice. Cross-sectoral, multidisciplinary partnership research, founded on shared governance and coproduction, is considered to be one of the most effective means of overcoming this research-policy-practice disconnect. Similar to a number of funding bodies internationally, Australia's National Health and Medical Research Council has introduced Partnership Centres for Better Health: a scheme explicitly designed to encourage coproduced partnership research...
February 15, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203120/international-lessons-in-new-methods-for-grading-and-integrating-cost-effectiveness-evidence-into-clinical-practice-guidelines
#11
REVIEW
Kathryn M Antioch, Michael F Drummond, Louis W Niessen, Hindrik Vondeling
Economic evidence is influential in health technology assessment world-wide. Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) can enable economists to include economic information on health care provision. Application of economic evidence in CPGs, and its integration into clinical practice and national decision making is hampered by objections from professions, paucity of economic evidence or lack of policy commitment. The use of state-of-art economic methodologies will improve this. Economic evidence can be graded by 'checklists' to establish the best evidence for decision making given methodological rigor...
2017: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069732/weight-management-practices-associated-with-pcos-and-their-relationships-with-diet-and-physical-activity
#12
L J Moran, W J Brown, S A McNaughton, A E Joham, H J Teede
STUDY QUESTION: Do weight management practices differ in women with and without PCOS? SUMMARY ANSWER: Women in the general population with self-reported PCOS are more likely to be using healthy weight management practices and alternative non-lifestyle measures for weight management than women without PCOS. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Lifestyle management is the first-line treatment in PCOS. However, the specific weight management practices used by women with PCOS and their effect on diet and physical activity are unclear...
March 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048615/tu-h-202-04-the-vampire-challenge-preliminary-results-from-a-multi-institutional-study-of-ct-ventilation-image-accuracy
#13
J Kipritidis
CT ventilation imaging is an exciting functional imaging modality that combines four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) and deformable image registration (DIR) to provide exquisite ventilation maps of the lung. CT ventilation imaging can be used for: (1) Functional avoidance in thoracic radiation therapy, (2) Imaging longitudinal changes in regional lung function for treatment assessment and adaptation, (3) Image-assisted diagnosis of non-oncologic respiratory diseases. CT ventilation imaging uses CT, a predominantly anatomic imaging modality, and through imaging processing creates functional images...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048557/tu-h-202-00-ct-ventilation-imaging-the-new-clinical-reality-of-functional-avoidance-and-response-assessment-in-lung-cancer-radiation-therapy
#14
Paul Keall
CT ventilation imaging is an exciting functional imaging modality that combines four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) and deformable image registration (DIR) to provide exquisite ventilation maps of the lung. CT ventilation imaging can be used for: (1) Functional avoidance in thoracic radiation therapy, (2) Imaging longitudinal changes in regional lung function for treatment assessment and adaptation, (3) Image-assisted diagnosis of non-oncologic respiratory diseases. CT ventilation imaging uses CT, a predominantly anatomic imaging modality, and through imaging processing creates functional images...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048525/we-ab-207a-11-respiratory-motion-guided-4dcbct-a-step-towards-controlling-4dcbct-image-quality
#15
R O'Brien, U Stankovic, P Keall, J Sonke
PURPOSE: We have developed a method, called respiratory motion guided 4DCBCT (RMG-4DCBCT), in which the gantry speed and projection frequency are varied in response to the patient's real-time respiratory signal to eliminate streaking artifacts and to suppress duplicate projections in 4DCBCT images. In 2015, we realized RMG-4DCBCT on an Elekta Synergy linear accelerator with a mechanical relay to suppress projections and a potentiometer to adjust the gantry speed in response to the patient's real-time respiratory signal...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048105/su-g-bra-17-tracking-multiple-targets-with-independent-motion-in-real-time-using-a-multi-leaf-collimator
#16
Y Ge, P Keall, P Poulsen
PURPOSE: Multiple targets with large intrafraction independent motion are often involved in advanced prostate, lung, abdominal, and head and neck cancer radiotherapy. Current standard of care treats these with the originally planned fields, jeopardizing the treatment outcomes. A real-time multi-leaf collimator (MLC) tracking method has been developed to address this problem for the first time. This study evaluates the geometric uncertainty of the multi-target tracking method. METHODS: Four treatment scenarios are simulated based on a prostate IMAT plan to treat a moving prostate target and static pelvic node target: 1) real-time multi-target MLC tracking; 2) real-time prostate-only MLC tracking; 3) correcting for prostate interfraction motion at setup only; and 4) no motion correction...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047895/tu-h-202-01-introduction-to-ct-ventilation-imaging-principles-validation-and-clinical-translation
#17
T Yamamoto
CT ventilation imaging is an exciting functional imaging modality that combines four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) and deformable image registration (DIR) to provide exquisite ventilation maps of the lung. CT ventilation imaging can be used for: (1) Functional avoidance in thoracic radiation therapy, (2) Imaging longitudinal changes in regional lung function for treatment assessment and adaptation, (3) Image-assisted diagnosis of non-oncologic respiratory diseases. CT ventilation imaging uses CT, a predominantly anatomic imaging modality, and through imaging processing creates functional images...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047233/tu-h-202-02-applications-validation-clinical-endpoints-and-opportunities-for-ct-ventilation
#18
Y Vinogradskiy
CT ventilation imaging is an exciting functional imaging modality that combines four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) and deformable image registration (DIR) to provide exquisite ventilation maps of the lung. CT ventilation imaging can be used for: (1) Functional avoidance in thoracic radiation therapy, (2) Imaging longitudinal changes in regional lung function for treatment assessment and adaptation, (3) Image-assisted diagnosis of non-oncologic respiratory diseases. CT ventilation imaging uses CT, a predominantly anatomic imaging modality, and through imaging processing creates functional images...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046563/tu-h-202-03-spatial-distributions-of-radiation-induced-pulmonary-changes-can-be-modeled-and-utilized-for-image-guided-planning-and-therapy-to-improve-pulmonary-function-preservation-and-hence-the-therapeutic-ratio-for-lung-cancer
#19
J Bayouth
CT ventilation imaging is an exciting functional imaging modality that combines four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) and deformable image registration (DIR) to provide exquisite ventilation maps of the lung. CT ventilation imaging can be used for: (1) Functional avoidance in thoracic radiation therapy, (2) Imaging longitudinal changes in regional lung function for treatment assessment and adaptation, (3) Image-assisted diagnosis of non-oncologic respiratory diseases. CT ventilation imaging uses CT, a predominantly anatomic imaging modality, and through imaging processing creates functional images...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942799/interrupting-prolonged-sitting-in-type-2-diabetes-nocturnal-persistence-of-improved-glycaemic-control
#20
Paddy C Dempsey, Jennifer M Blankenship, Robyn N Larsen, Julian W Sacre, Parneet Sethi, Nora E Straznicky, Neale D Cohen, Ester Cerin, Gavin W Lambert, Neville Owen, Bronwyn A Kingwell, David W Dunstan
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to examine the effect of interrupting 7 h prolonged sitting with brief bouts of walking or resistance activities on 22 h glucose homeostasis (including nocturnal-to-following morning hyperglycaemia) in adults with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This study is an extension of a previously published randomised crossover trial, which included 24 inactive overweight/obese adults with type 2 diabetes (14 men; 62 ± 6 years) who completed three 7 h laboratory conditions, separated by 6-14 day washout periods: SIT: (1) prolonged sitting (control); (2) light-intensity walking (LW): sitting plus 3 min bouts of light-intensity walking at 3...
March 2017: Diabetologia
keyword
keyword
107789
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"