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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306886/comparative-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-new-generation-antidepressants-for-major-depressive-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-protocol-of-an-individual-patient-data-meta-analysis
#1
Xinyu Zhou, Andrea Cipriani, Toshi A Furukawa, Pim Cuijpers, Yuqing Zhang, Sarah E Hetrick, Juncai Pu, Shuai Yuan, Cinzia Del Giovane, Peng Xie
INTRODUCTION: Although previous conventional meta-analyses and network meta-analyses have provided some important findings about pharmacological treatments for children and adolescents with depressive disorders in the past decades, several questions still remain unsolved by the aggregate data from those meta-analyses. Individual participant data meta-analysis (IPD-MA) enables exploration of the impacts of individual characteristics on treatment effects, allowing matching of treatments to specific subgroups of patients...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246502/the-genus-polygonatum-a-review-on-ethnopharmacology-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology
#2
REVIEW
Ping Zhao, Chengcheng Zhao, Xia Li, Qingzhi Gao, Luqi Huang, Peigen Xiao, Wenyuan Gao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Polygonatum (Asparagaceae) comprises 71 species distributed throughout the temperate Northern Hemisphere. The medicinal plants of Polygonatum have been traditionally used as tonics in Chinese, India, Pakistan, Iran, Japan, etc., and have been demonstrated in clinical practice to be highly effective in the treatment of age-related diseases, diabetes, lung diseases, fatigue, feebleness, indigestion, etc. AIM OF THE REVIEW: This paper aims to provide systematical information on ethnopharmacology, chemical constituents, pharmacological effects and toxicity of Polygonatum plants in order to explore potential medicinal resources or candidate compounds for future research...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229658/effectiveness-of-acupuncture-for-cancer-pain-protocol-for-an-umbrella-review-and-meta-analyses-of-controlled-trials
#3
Yihan He, Yihong Liu, Brian H May, Anthony Lin Zhang, Haibo Zhang, ChuanJian Lu, Lihong Yang, Xinfeng Guo, Charlie Changli Xue
INTRODUCTION: The National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines for adult cancer pain indicate that acupuncture and related therapies may be valuable additions to pharmacological interventions for pain management. Of the systematic reviews related to this topic, some concluded that acupuncture was promising for alleviating cancer pain, while others argued that the evidence was insufficient to support its effectiveness. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This review will consist of three components: (1) synthesis of findings from existing systematic reviews; (2) updated meta-analyses of randomised clinical trials and (3) analyses of results of other types of clinical studies...
December 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154798/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-reducing-mental-distress-in-patients-undergoing-dental-procedures-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Sophia Burghardt, Susan Koranyi, Gabriel Magnucki, Bernhard Strauss, Jenny Rosendahl
OBJECTIVES: This meta-analysis investigates the efficacy of non-pharmacological interventions in adults undergoing dental procedures under regional or general anesthesia compared to standard care alone or an attention control group on the reduction of mental distress, pain, and analgesic use. DATA SOURCES: To identify relevant papers a comprehensive literature search was carried out in MEDLINE, CENTRAL, Web of Science, and PsycINFO (last search August, 2017). Additionally, lists of references of relevant articles and previous reviews were checked...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144545/music-therapy-for-depression
#5
REVIEW
Sonja Aalbers, Laura Fusar-Poli, Ruth E Freeman, Marinus Spreen, Johannes Cf Ket, Annemiek C Vink, Anna Maratos, Mike Crawford, Xi-Jing Chen, Christian Gold
BACKGROUND: Depression is a highly prevalent mood disorder that is characterised by persistent low mood, diminished interest, and loss of pleasure. Music therapy may be helpful in modulating moods and emotions. An update of the 2008 Cochrane review was needed to improve knowledge on effects of music therapy for depression. OBJECTIVES: 1. To assess effects of music therapy for depression in people of any age compared with treatment as usual (TAU) and psychological, pharmacological, and/or other therapies...
November 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126988/morinda-officinalis-how-a-comprehensive-review-of-traditional-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology
#6
REVIEW
Jian-Hua Zhang, Hai-Liang Xin, Yue-Ming Xu, Yi Shen, Yu-Qiong He, Hsien-Yeh, Bing Lin, Hong-Tao Song, Juan-Liu, Hai-Yue Yang, Lu-Ping Qin, Qiao-Yan Zhang, Juan Du
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The medicinal plant Morinda officinalisHow. (MO) and its root have long been used in traditional medicines in China and northeast Asia as tonics for nourishing the kidney, strengthening the bone and enhancing immunofunction in the treatment of impotence, osteoporosis, depression and inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and dermatitis. AIM OF THE REVIEW: This review aims to sum up updated and comprehensive information about traditional usage, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of MO and provide insights intopotential opportunities for future research and development of this plant...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083536/bipolar-disorder-in-pregnancy-a-review-of-pregnancy-outcomes
#7
REVIEW
Debra A Scrandis
INTRODUCTION: Women with bipolar disorder may benefit from continuation of their medications during pregnancy, but there may be risks to the fetus associated with some of these medications. This article examines the evidence relating to the effect of bipolar disorder and pharmacologic treatments for bipolar disorder on pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL, ProQuest Dissertation & Theses, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched for English-language studies published between 2000 and 2017, excluding case reports and integrative reviews...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887216/phytochemistry-pharmacology-quality-control-and-future-research-of-forsythia-suspensa-thunb-vahl-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Zhaoyi Wang, Qing Xia, Xin Liu, Wenxue Liu, Wanzhen Huang, Xue Mei, Jun Luo, Mingxu Shan, Ruichao Lin, Dixin Zou, Zhiqiang Ma
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Forsythiae Fructus (called Lianqiao in Chinese), the fruit of Forsythia suspensa (Thunb.) Vahl, is utilized as a common traditional medicine in China, Japan and Korea. It is traditionally used to treat pyrexia, inflammation, gonorrhea, carbuncle and erysipelas. Depending on the different harvest time, Forsythiae Fructus can be classified into two forms, namely Qingqiao and Laoqiao. The greenish fruits that start to ripen are collected as Qingqiao, while the yellow fruits that are fully ripe are collected as Laoqiao...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842341/the-genus-psiadia-review-of-traditional-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology
#9
REVIEW
Keshika Mahadeo, Isabelle Grondin, Hippolyte Kodja, Joyce Soulange Govinden, Sabina Jhaumeer Laulloo, Michel Frederich, Anne Gauvin-Bialecki
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Psiadia Jacq. ex. Willd. belongs to the Asteraceae family and includes more than 60 species. This genus grows in tropical and subtropical regions, being especially well represented in Madagascar and the Mascarene Islands (La Réunion, Mauritius and Rodrigues). Several Psiadia species have been used traditionally for their medicinal properties in Africa and the Mascarene Islands. Based on traditional knowledge, various phytochemical and pharmacological studies have been conducted...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826891/traditional-uses-phytochemistry-pharmacology-and-toxicology-of-the-genus-cimicifuga-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Yaqing Guo, Tong Yin, Xiaoming Wang, Fan Zhang, Guixiang Pan, Hong Lv, Xianrui Wang, John Owoicho Orgah, Yan Zhu, Honghua Wu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Plants of the genus Cimicifuga have long been used as an ethnomedicine in China, Europe, and North America for its high medicinal value and health benefits. Their dried rhizomes are widely used for treating wind-heat headache, toothache, aphtha, sore throat, measles, spot poison, archoptosis, and uterine prolapse. In addition, it is used as a dietary supplement for preventing women menopausal symptoms and osteoporosis. AIM OF THE REVIEW: This paper aims to provide up-to-date information on the genus Cimicifuga, including botanical characterization, medicinal resources, traditional medicinal uses, phytochemistry, quality control, pharmacological research as well as the toxicology...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629816/tinospora-species-an-overview-of-their-modulating-effects-on-the-immune-system
#11
REVIEW
Md Areeful Haque, Ibrahim Jantan, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Studies on the effects of natural immunomodulators to heal various diseases related to the immune system have been a growing interest in recent years. Amongst the medicinal plants, Tinospora species (family; Menispermaceae) have been one of the widely investigated plants for their modulating effects on the immune system due to their wide use in ethnomedicine to treat various ailments related to immune-related diseases. However, their ethnopharmacological uses are mainly with limited or without scientific basis...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628749/acupuncture-related-techniques-for-psoriasis-a-systematic-review-with-pairwise-and-network-meta-analyses-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
Mei-Ling Yeh, Shu-Hua Ko, Mei-Hua Wang, Ching-Chi Chi, Yu-Chu Chung
OBJECTIVE: There has be a large body of evidence on the pharmacological treatments for psoriasis, but whether nonpharmacological interventions are effective in managing psoriasis remains largely unclear. This systematic review conducted pairwise and network meta-analyses to determine the effects of acupuncture-related techniques on acupoint stimulation for the treatment of psoriasis and to determine the order of effectiveness of these remedies. METHODS: This study searched the following databases from inception to March 15, 2016: Medline, PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EBSCO (including Academic Search Premier, American Doctoral Dissertations, and CINAHL), Airiti Library, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536059/current-state-of-knowledge-on-the-traditional-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-the-genus-hymenaea
#13
REVIEW
Pone Kamdem Boniface, Sabrina Baptista Ferreira, Carlos Roland Kaiser
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Plants of the genus Hymenaea (Fabaceae) are used in South American and Asian traditional medicines to treat a multitude of disorders, like cough, diarrhea, dysentery, intestinal colic, pulmonary weakness, asthma, anemia, sore throat, and for the treatment of kidney problems, viral related disorders, chronic cystitis, bronchitis, and bladder infections. Some Hymenaea species are also used as vermifuge, and for the treatment of arthritis, and inflammation conditions...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495603/ethnopharmacological-uses-phytochemistry-biological-activities-and-therapeutic-applications-of-clinacanthus-nutans-burm-f-lindau-a-comprehensive-review
#14
REVIEW
Muhamad Noor Alfarizal Kamarudin, Md Moklesur Rahman Sarker, Habsah Abdul Kadir, Long Chiau Ming
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Clinacanthus nutans (Burm. f.) Lindau, a widely used medicinal plant, is extensively grown in tropical Asia and Southeast Asian countries. C. nutans, with its broad spectrum of pharmacological activities, has been traditionally used to treat cancer, inflammatory disorders, diabetes, insect bites, and skin problems, consumed as a vegetable, mixed with fresh juices, in concoctions, and as a whole plant. The present review analyzes the advances in the ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicology of C...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490370/behavioral-interventions-to-promote-adequate-sleep-among-women-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Lydi-Anne Vézina-Im, Jennette Palcic Moreno, Theresa A Nicklas, Tom Baranowski
BACKGROUND: Short and poor sleep have been associated with adverse health outcomes in adults, such as overweight/obesity and type 2 diabetes, especially among women. Women therefore represent an important target for interventions aimed at improving sleep and such interventions have been advocated to enhance maternal, fetal, and infant health. This systematic review will assess the efficacy or effectiveness of behavioral interventions aimed at promoting adequate sleep among women. The primary outcomes will be changes in sleep duration and/or sleep quality from baseline to post-intervention and to the last available follow-up measured either through self-reports or objectively...
May 11, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359849/a-review-on-traditional-uses-phytochemistry-pharmacology-pharmacokinetics-and-toxicology-of-the-genus-peganum
#16
REVIEW
Shuping Li, Xuemei Cheng, Changhong Wang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The plants of the genus Peganum have a long history as a Chinese traditional medicine for the treatment of cough, hypertension, diabetes, asthma, jaundice, colic, lumbago, and many other human ailments. Additionally, the plants can be used as an amulet against evil-eye, dye and so on, which have become increasingly popular in Asia, Iran, Northwest India, and North Africa. AIM OF THE REVIEW: The present paper reviewed the ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, analytical methods, biological activities, metabolism, pharmacokinetics, toxicology, and drug interaction of the genus Peganum in order to assess the ethnopharmacological use and to explore therapeutic potentials and future opportunities for research...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347832/the-genus-achyranthes-a-review-on-traditional-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacological-activities
#17
REVIEW
Xirui He, Xiaoxiao Wang, Jiacheng Fang, Yu Chang, Ning Ning, Hao Guo, Linhong Huang, Xiaoqiang Huang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Achyranthes L. (Amaranthaceae), also known as Chaff Flower and Niuxi/, mainly includes two famous medicinal species namely A. bidentata and A. aspera. A. bidentata has been widely used as blood-activating and stasis-resolving medicine for the treatment of various diseases including amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, lumbago, gonalgia, paraplegia, edema, stranguria, headache, dizziness, odontalgia, oral ulcer, hematemesis, and epistaxis. A. aspera has been widely used to treat various diseases, including gynecological disorder, asthma, ophthalmia, odontalgia, haemorrhoids, and abdominal tumor, and has been applied to difficult labour, wound healing, insect and snake bites...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253914/non-pharmacological-interventions-designed-to-reduce-health-risks-due-to-unhealthy-eating-behaviour-and-linked-risky-or-excessive-drinking-in-adults-aged-18-25%C3%A2-years-a-systematic-review-protocol
#18
Stephanie Scott, Kathryn Parkinson, Eileen Kaner, Shannon Robalino, Martine Stead, Christine Power, Niamh Fitzgerald, Wendy Wrieden, Ashley Adamson
BACKGROUND: Excess body weight and heavy alcohol consumption are two of the greatest contributors to global disease. Alcohol use peaks in early adulthood. Alcohol consumption can also exacerbate weight gain. A high body mass index and heavy drinking are independently associated with liver disease but, in combination, they produce an intensified risk of damage, with individuals from lower socio-economic status groups disproportionately affected. METHODS: We will conduct searches in MEDLINE, Embase, PubMed, PsycINFO, ERIC, ASSIA, Web of Knowledge (WoK), Scopus, CINAHL via EBSCO, LILACS, CENTRAL and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses for studies that assess targeted preventative interventions of any length of time or duration of follow-up that are focused on reducing unhealthy eating behaviour and linked risky alcohol use in 18-25-year-olds...
March 3, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099657/quality-of-life-and-treatment-adherence-in-hypertensive-patients-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Ana Célia Caetano de Souza, José Wicto Pereira Borges, Thereza Maria Magalhães Moreira
OBJECTIVE: To verify the effects of antihypertensive treatment (pharmacological and non-pharmacological) on the health-related quality of life of individuals with hypertension. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review with meta-analysis using the following databases: IBECS, LILACS, SciELO, Medline, Cochrane, Science Direct, Scopus and the Brazilian Capes Theses and Dissertations Database. The statistical analysis was performed using Review Manager, version 5.2...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920947/the-daniel-k-inouye-college-of-pharmacy-scripts-poha-berry-physalis-peruviana-with-potential-anti-inflammatory-and-cancer-prevention-activities
#20
Leng Chee Chang, Mayuramas Sang-Ngern, John M Pezzuto, Carolyn Ma
The Daniel K. Inouye College of Pharmacy, during a historic event in Spring 2016, graduated the first two students in the Pacific region to earn a PhD in pharmaceutical sciences at the University of Hawai'i at Hilo. The college offers PhD programs in these five disciplines: Cancer Biology, Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmaceutics, Pharmacognosy, and Pharmacology. One of the Pharmacognosy dissertations focused on plant-derived natural products with potential anti-inflammatory and cancer chemopreventive activities...
November 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
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