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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241508/accelerators-sparking-innovation-and-transdisciplinary-team-science-in-disparities-research
#1
Carol R Horowitz, Khader Shameer, Janice Gabrilove, Ashish Atreja, Peggy Shepard, Crispin N Goytia, Geoffrey W Smith, Joel Dudley, Rachel Manning, Nina A Bickell, Maida P Galvez
Development and implementation of effective, sustainable, and scalable interventions that advance equity could be propelled by innovative and inclusive partnerships. Readied catalytic frameworks that foster communication, collaboration, a shared vision, and transformative translational research across scientific and non-scientific divides are needed to foster rapid generation of novel solutions to address and ultimately eliminate disparities. To achieve this, we transformed and expanded a community-academic board into a translational science board with members from public, academic and private sectors...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241372/-differences-between-self-and-proxy-assessment-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#2
Philipp Heßmann, Maren Dreier, Iris Brandes, Richard Dodel, Erika Baum, Matthias J Müller, Monika Balzer-Geldsetzer
Objective The self-assessment of health-related quality of life (HrQoL) in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment is commonly higher than the proxy-assessment by caregivers. This study aims at evaluating sociodemographic and clinical factors to explain this difference. Methods HrQoL of 241 community-dwelling patients was analysed using the dementia-specific Quality of Life-Alzheimer's Disease questionnaire (QoL-AD). Behavioural and psychological symptoms and functional capacity were evaluated using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) and the Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study-Activities of Daily Living scale (ADCS-ADL)...
February 27, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241283/the-german-focus-on-the-outcomes-of-communication-under-six-focus-g-reliability-and-validity-of-a-novel-assessment-of-communicative-participation
#3
Sandra Neumann, Sandra Salm, Christian Rietz, Prisca Stenneken
Purpose: Our purpose was to explore the validity and reliability of the German Focus on the Outcomes of Communication Under Six (FOCUS-G; Thomas-Stonell, Oddson, Robertson, & Rosenbaum, 2010, 2012), which is an authorized adaptation of the Focus on the Outcomes of Communication Under Six (Thomas-Stonell et al., 2010) tool, which measures communicative participation in preschool children. Method: Parents of typically developing children (TDC) and of children with speech impairment (CSI) completed the FOCUS-G and the Questionnaire for Measuring Health-Related Quality of Life in Children (KiddyKINDL; Ravens-Sieberer & Bullinger, 2000)...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241215/effectiveness-of-an-internet-delivered-exercise-and-pain-coping-skills-training-intervention-for-persons-with-chronic-knee-pain-a-randomized-trial
#4
Kim L Bennell, Rachel Nelligan, Fiona Dobson, Christine Rini, Francis Keefe, Jessica Kasza, Simon French, Christina Bryant, Andrew Dalwood, J Haxby Abbott, Rana S Hinman
Background: Effective, accessible biopsychosocial treatments are needed to manage chronic knee pain on a population level. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of Internet-delivered, physiotherapist-prescribed home exercise and pain-coping skills training (PCST). Design: Pragmatic parallel-group randomized, controlled trial. (Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry: ACTRN12614000243617). Setting: Community (Australia)...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241191/a-large-skin-cancer-screening-quality-initiative-description-and-first-year-outcomes
#5
Laura K Ferris, Melissa I Saul, Yan Lin, Fei Ding, Martin A Weinstock, Alan C Geller, Jian-Min Yuan, Erica Neuren, Spandana Maddukuri, Francis X Solano, John M Kirkwood
Importance: The lack of prospective randomized clinical trials demonstrating that full-body skin examination (FBSE) reduces melanoma morbidity or mortality has prompted an "I" rating from the United States Preventive Services Task Force for population-based skin cancer screening. More data on these screening programs are needed. Objectives: To describe a skin cancer screening quality initiative in a large health care system and to determine if the intervention was associated with screening of a demographically higher-risk population than previous screening programs and if melanoma incidence and thickness differed in screened vs unscreened patients...
February 23, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241182/proposed-technical-guidelines-for-the-acquisition-of-clinical-images-of-skin-related-conditions
#6
Anna Finnane, Clara Curiel-Lewandrowski, Glen Wimberley, Liam Caffery, Chinmayee Katragadda, Allan Halpern, Ashfaq A Marghoob, Josep Malvehy, Harald Kittler, Rainer Hofmann-Wellenhof, Ivo Abraham, H Peter Soyer
Importance: Standardizing dermatological imaging is important to improve monitoring of skin lesions and skin conditions, ensure the availability of high-quality images for teledermatology, and contribute to the development of a robust archive of skin images to be used for research. Objective: To provide guidelines for the clinical application of the Standards for Dermatological Imaging set forward by the ISIC. Evidence Review: The ISIC recommendations were developed through a hybrid Delphi methodology...
February 22, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241159/timed-light-therapy-for-sleep-and-daytime-sleepiness-associated-with-parkinson-disease-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Aleksandar Videnovic, Elizabeth B Klerman, Wei Wang, Angelica Marconi, Teresa Kuhta, Phyllis C Zee
Importance: Impaired sleep and alertness are some of the most common nonmotor manifestations of Parkinson disease (PD) and currently have only limited treatment options. Light therapy (LT), a widely available treatment modality in sleep medicine, has not been systematically studied in the PD population. Objective: To determine the safety and efficacy of LT on excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) associated with PD. Design, Settings, and Participants: This randomized, placebo-controlled, clinical intervention study was set in PD centers at Northwestern University and Rush University...
February 20, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241153/effect-of-magnesium-oxide-supplementation-on-nocturnal-leg-cramps-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Noga Roguin Maor, Mordechai Alperin, Elena Shturman, Hassan Khairaldeen, Moran Friedman, Khaled Karkabi, Uzi Milman
Importance: Magnesium supplements are widely marketed for prophylaxis of nocturnal leg cramps (NLC) despite no evidence of significant benefit. Objective: To determine whether magnesium oxide is better than placebo for NLC prophylaxis. Design, Setting, and Participants: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of 2 weeks eligibility screening followed by 4 weeks of treatment was conducted in northern Israel, from February to October 2013...
February 20, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241090/plasma-exchange-for-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome
#9
REVIEW
Sylvie Chevret, Richard Ac Hughes, Djillali Annane
BACKGROUND: Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an acute paralysing disease caused by peripheral nerve inflammation. This is an update of a review first published in 2001 and last updated in 2012. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of plasma exchange for treating GBS. SEARCH METHODS: On 18 January 2016 we searched the Cochrane Neuromuscular Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and Embase. We also searched clinical trials registries. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised and quasi-randomised trials of plasma exchange versus sham exchange or supportive treatment, or comparing different regimens or techniques of plasma exchange...
February 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240970/head-and-neck-cancer-survivorship-care-guideline-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-clinical-practice-guideline-endorsement-of-the-american-cancer-society-guideline
#10
Larissa Nekhlyudov, Christina Lacchetti, Nancy B Davis, Thomas Q Garvey, David P Goldstein, J Chris Nunnink, Jose I Ruades Ninfea, Andrew L Salner, Talya Salz, Lillian L Siu
Purpose This guideline provides recommendations on the management of adults after head and neck cancer (HNC) treatment, focusing on surveillance and screening for recurrence or second primary cancers, assessment and management of long-term and late effects, health promotion, care coordination, and practice implications. Methods ASCO has a policy and set of procedures for endorsing clinical practice guidelines that have been developed by other professional organizations. The American Cancer Society (ACS) HNC Survivorship Care Guideline was reviewed for developmental rigor by methodologists...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240948/comparison-of-indocyanine-green-and-sodium-fluorescein-for-anterior-segment-angiography-of-ophthalmically-normal-eyes-of-goats-sheep-and-alpacas-performed-with-a-digital-single-lens-reflex-camera-adaptor
#11
Alexander J LoPinto, Chris G Pirie, Sandra L Ayres, Daniela Bedenice
OBJECTIVE To compare results of anterior segment angiography of ophthalmically normal eyes of goats, sheep, and alpacas performed by use of indocyanine green (ICG) and sodium fluorescein (SF). ANIMALS 10 female goats (mean ± SD age, 6.8 ± 1.7 years), 10 female sheep (3.0 ± 2.2 years), and 10 alpacas (7 females and 3 males; 6.8 ± 3.8 years). PROCEDURES A catheter was aseptically placed into a jugular vein. Each animal was anesthetized and properly positioned, and 0.25% ICG was administered. Images were obtained by use of an adaptor system consisting of a modified digital single-lens reflex camera, camera adaptor, and camera lens...
March 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240728/%C3%AF-%C3%AF-occupational-medicine-in-italian-academy-what-future
#12
Pietro Apostoli
The entire Italian University system, including the whole field of medical teaching and research, is currently passing through a period of cumbersome changes due to the many difficulties encountered in its reform process. Academic occupational medicine is deeply involved in this process that resembles a real crisis. Given this background, this contribution - written as President of the Italian College of Occupational Medicine Full Professors - has the main objective to open a debate about the current generalized crisis of our Academic Discipline and about its possible future developments...
February 15, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240695/an-analysis-of-the-prevalence-of-depression-post-myocardial-infarction
#13
Jessica L DiSante, Angela Macci Bires, Thomas W Cline, Kristen Waterstram-Rich
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death in the United States. The World Bank and the World Health Organization predict that depression and coronary heart disease will be the largest causes of global health burden and disability by the year 2020. Studies have demonstrated that patients with CAD experience depression at a higher rate than the general population. Because of this connection, it is critical to recognize depression and manage depression effectively for people with CAD. Studies have also provided evidence that identifying and treating depression in patients early after a myocardial infarction improve clinical outcomes...
April 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240694/improving-clinical-outcomes-for-patients-with-class-iii-heart-failure
#14
Melissa Shapiro, Angela Macci Bires, Kristen Waterstram-Rich, Thomas W Cline
Heart failure (HF) is a serious medical problem in the United States and is placing a financial strain on the health care system. It is the leading cause of mortality and as the overall incidence continues to increase, so does the economic impact on the health care system. Innovative treatment options, in the form of disease management programs and implantable cardiac devices, such as the CorVue capable implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) pacemaker, offer the promise of an enhanced quality of life and reduced mortality...
April 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240693/clinical-simulation-learning-in-critical-care
#15
Kerstin Hudgins
Nurses are expected to master many skills, especially in critical care; thus, competency is crucial. Clinical educators must determine whether nurses who are new to the skill set have attained an acceptable level of achievement in performance; hence, are they capable of providing quality and safe patient care? Simulation learning is used in the hospital setting and largely in academic centers. Strategies include for the instructor to acquire an aspect of abilities and deficits as a basis upon which to create learning experiences that enable nurses to develop essential clinical competence...
April 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240616/use-of-electronic-health-records-by-nurses-for-symptom-management-in-inpatient-settings-a-systematic-review
#16
Mustafa Ozkaynak, Blaine Reeder, Lilian Hoffecker, Mary Beth Makic, Karen Sousa
Symptom management is one of the essential functions of nurses in inpatient settings; yet, little is understood about the manner in which nurses use electronic health records for symptom documentation. Therefore, the purpose of this systematic review is to characterize nurses' use of electronic health records for documentation of symptom assessment and management in inpatient settings, to inform design studies that better support electronic health records for patient symptom management by nurses. We searched the Ovid Medline (1946-current), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (EBSCO, 1981-current), and Excerpta Medica Database (Embase...
February 25, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240404/etanercept-adalimumab-and-ustekinumab-in-psoriasis-analysis-of-209-treatment-series-in-austria
#17
Leo Richter, Igor Vujic, Alma Sesti, Babak Monshi, Martina Sanlorenzo, Christian Posch, Klemens Rappersberger
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Widely used in the treatment of psoriasis, biologics have been tested in numerous clinical trials. However, drug efficacies and adverse events (AEs) may differ in 'real-world' patients as they do not undergo as rigorous selection and monitoring. Our objective was to examine drug survival, efficacy, and AEs (quality, time of onset) in 'real-world' psoriasis patients treated with etanercept, adalimumab, and ustekinumab. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective data analysis (Jan 1, 2004 to Jun 30, 2015) of patients treated at a psoriasis clinic in an Austrian hospital...
February 27, 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240353/carbamazepine-versus-phenytoin-monotherapy-for-epilepsy-an-individual-participant-data-review
#18
REVIEW
Sarah J Nevitt, Anthony G Marson, Jennifer Weston, Catrin Tudur Smith
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane Review published in Issue 2, 2002 and its subsequent updates in 2010 and 2015.Epilepsy is a common neurological condition in which recurrent, unprovoked seizures are caused by abnormal electrical discharges from the brain. It is believed that with effective drug treatment, up to 70% of individuals with active epilepsy have the potential to become seizure-free and go into long-term remission shortly after starting drug therapy with a single antiepileptic drug in monotherapy...
February 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240215/quantitative-image-reconstruction-for-total-body-pet-imaging-using-the-2-meter-long-explorer-scanner
#19
Xuezhu Zhang, Jian Zhou, Simon R Cherry, Ramsey D Badawi, Jinyi Qi
The EXPLORER project aims to build a 2 meter long total-body PET scanner, which will provide extremely high sensitivity for imaging the entire human body. It will possess a range of capabilities currently unavailable to state-of-the-art clinical PET scanners with a limited axial field-of-view. The huge number of lines-of-response (LORs) of the EXPLORER poses a challenge to the data handling and image reconstruction. The objective of this study is to develop a quantitative image reconstruction method for the EXPLORER and compare its performance with current whole-body scanners...
February 27, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240089/clinical-establishments
#20
(no author information available yet)
Safe, Sustainable and Productive Staffing: An Improvement Resource for Adult Inpatient Wards in Acute Hospitals is based on the National Quality Board's expectations of safe, effective and well led care, and builds on the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines on safe staffing for nursing in adult wards.
February 27, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
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