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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138916/lateral-retinaculum-plasty-instead-of-lateral-retinacular-release-with-concomitant-medial-patellofemoral-ligament-reconstruction-can-achieve-better-results-for-patellar-dislocation
#1
Chang Liu, Guman Duan, Yingzhen Niu, Pengkai Cao, Kunpeng Fu, Jinghui Niu, Fei Wang
PURPOSE: To elucidate the outcomes of lateral retinaculum plasty versus lateral retinacular release with concomitant medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction. METHODS: In a prospective study, 59 patients treated at our institution from 2012 to 2014 were included. The 59 patients were randomly divided into two groups. Group I included 27 patients who underwent lateral retinacular release and MPFL reconstruction. Group II included 32 patients who underwent lateral retinaculum plasty and MPFL reconstruction...
November 14, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138890/role-of-rapid-kv-switching-dual-energy-ct-in-assessment-of-post-surgical-local-recurrence-of-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#2
Anushri Parakh, Manuel Patino, Daniela Muenzel, Avinash Kambadakone, Dushyant V Sahani
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the performance of material-specific iodine (MS-I) images generated by rapid kV-switching single-source dual-energy computed tomography (rsDECT) for distinguishing post-operative changes from local tumor recurrence in patients on follow-up for pancreatic adenocarcinoma after surgical resection. METHODS: In this IRB-approved HIPPA-compliant study, retrospective review of 51 patients who underwent surgical resection of pancreatic adenocarcinoma was conducted and were followed up using contrast-enhanced rsDECT (Discovery CT 750HD, GE Healthcare, Milwaukee, WI)...
November 14, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136731/-the-surgical-treatment-of-ovarian-cancer-metastasis-between-liver-and-diaphragm-a-report-of-83-cases
#3
Y Y Xu, X Lu, Y L Mao, J P Xiong, J Bian, H C Huang, H Y Yang, X T Sang, H T Zhao, H F Xu, T Y Chi, S D Du, S X Zhong, J F Huang
Objective: To explore the safety and feasibility of associating diaphragm resection and liver-diaphragmatic metastasis lesions resection for patients with advanced ovarian cancer. Methods: Retrospectively analysis 83 cases(98 times) of advanced ovarian cancer with liver-diaphragmatic metastasis between January 2012 and December 2016 at Department of Liver Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital.The patients were aged from 19 to 75 years.Surgical procedure included metastatic lesions resection(43 times) and stripping(55 times)...
November 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128439/robotic-splenectomy-for-isolated-splenic-recurrence-of-endometrial-adenocarcinoma
#4
Valerio Gallotta, Marco D'Indinosante, Camilla Nero, Maria Teresa Giudice, Carmine Conte, Claudio Lodoli, Gian Franco Zannoni, Anna Fagotti, Giovanni Scambia
OBJECTIVES: We present a rare case of an isolated intraparenchymal splenic metastasis of endometrial cancer managed with robotic-assisted surgery. METHODS: A 55-year-old patient with a history of endometrial cancer was found to have a splenic lesion during her follow-up exams. She underwent surgical staging (total hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oopherectomy, pelvic lymphadenectomy and peritoneal washing) in 2014 and the final pathologic findings showed an endometrioid endometrial adenocarcinoma, FIGO Stage IB G2...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127195/microcatheter-contrast-injection-in-stent-retriever-neurothrombectomy-is-safe-and-useful-insights-from-swift-prime
#5
Radoslav Raychev, Reza Jahan, Jeffrey L Saver, Raul G Nogueira, Mayank Goyal, Vitor M Pereira, Elad Levy, Dileep R Yavagal, Christophe Cognard, David Liebeskind
Microcatheter contrast injection (MCI) prior to stent retriever deployment for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke may be useful for evaluation of distal anatomy and flow patterns beyond the occlusion. However, prior data from intra-arterialthrombolysis suggested that MCI increases the risk of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). The safety and utility of MCI has not been investigated in the setting of thrombectomy. METHODS: We analyzed the Solitaire With the Intention For Thrombectomy as Primary Endovascular Treatment (SWIFT PRIME) trial to correlate pre-intervention MCI flow with collateral flow, and to investigate its impact on ICH and clinical outcome after thrombectomy with the Solitaire device...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126770/effects-of-unilateral-vertical-mandibular-distraction-osteogenesis-on-airway-anatomy-in-children-with-hemifacial-microsomia
#6
Navid Pourtaheri, Derek Z Wang, Srinivas M Susarla, Gerhard S Mundinger, Anand R Kumar
PURPOSE: To assess the two- and three-dimensional airway changes following unilateral vertical mandibular distraction osteogenesis (vMDO) in patients with hemifacial microsomia (HFM). METHODS: A retrospective evaluation was performed for consecutive patients over an 18-month period with HFM and with Kaban-Pruzansky Type-II mandibular deformities who underwent unilateral vMDO for correction of vertical mandibular asymmetry. Patients with complete records and a minimum of 12 months of clinical follow-up post-consolidation were included...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126037/radiographic-evaluation-of-first-mtp-joint-arthrodesis-for-severe-hallux-valgus-does-the-introduction-of-a-lag-screw-improve-union-rates-and-correction-of-the-intermetatarsal-angle
#7
Zachariah Pinter, Parke Hudson, Brent Cone, Girish Motwani, Krishna Prasad, Ashish Shah
BACKGROUND: First metatarsophalangeal (MTP-1) joint fusion is a reliable method for the correction of various deformities including hallux valgus and hallux rigidus. Ideal constructs provide high rates of fusion in desired alignment. The present study examines the union rates, as well as the change in dorsiflexion angle during the follow up period in patients who underwent MTP-1 fusion with a dorsal locking plate and a lag screw, versus patients fused with a dorsal locking plate alone...
July 8, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118989/patients-with-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-associated-with-high-stimulated-serum-calcitonin-levels
#8
Kursad Unluhizarci, Hulya Akgun, Bahadır Oz, Zuleyha Karaca, Fatih Tanriverdi, Fahrettin Kelestimur
Among various substances produced by C-cells, the most important one is calcitonin (CT) that is used for detection, post-operative follow-up and evaluation of individuals at risk of developing medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). However, the role of serum CT measurement in the evaluation of thyroid nodules has been widely discussed, and there is still no consensus about the role of CT in the initial evaluation of all thyroid nodules. Two patients with thyroid nodules whose fine-needle aspiration results were compatible with benign cytology besides having mildly elevated basal serum calcitonin levels were reported...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116358/humeral-head-inferior-subluxation-in-proximal-humerus-fractures
#9
Stefano Carbone, Matteo Papalia, Valerio Arceri, Stefano Placidi, Andrea Carbone, Riccardo Mezzoprete
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study are to propose a reliable radiologic method for detecting static inferior subluxation of humeral head, to calculate the relative intra- and inter-observer reliability, and to evaluate its presence pre- and post-surgery. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study of patients surgically treated for a fracture of the proximal humerus. Fractures were classified using Codman-Lego criteria (radiographic, CT images), osteoporosis was assessed...
November 7, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108091/effects-of-low-dose-epinephrine-on-perioperative-hemostasis-and-inflammatory-reaction-in-major-surgeries-a%C3%A2-randomized%C3%A2-clinical-trial
#10
J L Liu, W N Zeng, F Y Wang, C Chen, X Y Gong, H Yang, Z J Tan, X L Jia, L Yang
BACKGROUND: Haemostasis, thrombosis, and surgical stress-induced immune reaction are important for perioperative morbidity and recovery in major surgeries. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of combined administration of low-dose epinephrine (LDEPI) plus tranexamic acid (TXA) on perioperative blood loss, thromboembolic complications, and inflammatory response in total hip arthroplasty (THA). PATIENTS /METHODS: Patients scheduled for THA (n = 195) were randomized into 3 interventions: intravenous (IV) LDEPI plus TXA (Group IV); topical (TP) diluted-epinephrine plus TXA (Group TP); and TXA alone as control (CT) (Group CT)...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101192/fecal-microbiota-transplant-from-highly-feed-efficient-donors-shows-little-effects-on-age-related-changes-in-feed-efficiency-associated-fecal-microbiota-in-chickens
#11
Sina-Catherine Siegerstetter, Renée M Petri, Elizabeth Magowan, Peadar G Lawlor, Qendrim Zebeli, Niamh E O'Connell, Barbara U Metzler-Zebeli
Chickens of good and poor feed efficiency (FE) have been shown to differ in their intestinal microbiota composition. This study investigated differences in the fecal bacterial community of good and poor feed efficient chickens at 16 and 29 days post-hatch (dph) and evaluated whether a fecal microbiota transplant (FMT) from feed efficient donors early in life can affect the fecal microbiota in chickens at 16 and 29 dph, chicken's FE and nutrient retention at four weeks of age. One-hundred-ten chickens were inoculated with a FMT or a control transplant (CT) on 1, 6 and 9 dph and ranked according to residual feed intake (RFI; metric for FE) on 30 dph...
November 3, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101076/how-early-can-we-perform-cranioplasty-for-traumatic-brain-injury-after-decompressive-craniectomy-a-retrospective-multi-center-study
#12
Na Rae Yang, Jihye Song, Kyeong-Wook Yoon, Eui Kyo Seo
OBJECTIVE: Decompressive craniectomy (DC) is used to treat intractable intracranial hypertension following severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Cranioplasty (CP) is typically performed weeks or months later. However, the optimal timing for CP is unknown. We aimed to determine the earliest possible time point for CP. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed brain computed tomography (CT) images from 159 patients who underwent CP following DC for TBI at 3 hospitals. We determined the earliest possible day for CP by reviewing the resolution of intracranial pressure in serial brain CT images between DC and CP...
October 31, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100838/alice-a-tool-for-automatic-localization-of-intra-cranial-electrodes-for-clinical-and-high-density-grids
#13
Mariana P Branco, Anna Gaglianese, Daniel Glen, Dora Hermes, Ziad S Saad, Natalia Petridou, Nick F Ramsey
BACKGROUND: Electrocorticographic (ECoG) measurements require the accurate localization of implanted electrodes with respect to the subject's neuroanatomy. Electrode localization is particularly relevant to associate structure with function. Several procedures have attempted to solve this problem, namely by co-registering a post-operative computed tomography (CT) scan, with a pre-operative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) anatomy scan. However, this type of procedure requires a manual and time-consuming detection and transcription of the electrode coordinates from the CT volume scan and restricts the extraction of smaller high-resolution ECoG grid electrodes due to the downsampling of the CT...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096346/intraabdominal-abscess-caused-by-stenotrophomonas-maltophilia-a-case-report
#14
Toyomitsu Sawai, Sumako Yoshioka, Nobuko Matsuo, Naofumi Suyama, Hiroshi Mukae
INTRODUCTION: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia usually causes nosocomial infections, but intraabdominal abscesses or organ/space surgical site infection (SSI) secondary to this organism has been rarely reported. Here, we reported a rare case of SSI that presented as intraabdominal abscess caused by S. maltophilia. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 68-year-old woman presented to our hospital with transverse colon cancer. Further work up with abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed left renal cell carcinoma...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094173/imaging-of-post-operative-pancreas-and-complications-after-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-resection
#15
Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Elliot K Fishman, Atif Zaheer
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths. With surgical resection being the only definitive treatment, improvements in technique has led to an increase in number of candidates undergoing resection by inclusion of borderline resectable disease patients to the clearly resectable group. Post-operative complications associated with pancreaticoduodenectomy and distal pancreatectomy include delayed gastric emptying, anastomotic failures, fistula formation, strictures, abscess, infarction, etc...
November 1, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092978/posterior-malleolus-fractures-worth-fixing
#16
M C Solan, A Sakellariou
The posterior malleolus component of a fracture of the ankle is important, yet often overlooked. Pre-operative CT scans to identify and classify the pattern of the fracture are not used enough. Posterior malleolus fractures are not difficult to fix. After reduction and fixation of the posterior malleolus, the articular surface of the tibia is restored; the fibula is out to length; the syndesmosis is more stable and the patient can rehabilitate faster. There is therefore considerable merit in fixing most posterior malleolus fractures...
November 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089823/ct-enterography-for-surveillance-of-anastomotic-recurrence-within-12-months-of-bowel-resection-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-an-observational-study-using-an-8-year-registry
#17
In Young Choi, Sang Hyoung Park, Seong Ho Park, Chang Sik Yu, Yong Sik Yoon, Jong Lyul Lee, Byong Duk Ye, Ah Young Kim, Suk-Kyun Yang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnostic yield and accuracy of CT enterography (CTE) for early (< 12 postoperative months) surveillance of anastomotic recurrence after bowel resection for Crohn's disease (CD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 88 adults (60 males and 28 females; mean age, 31.4 ± 9.6 years) who underwent bowel surgery for CD that created ileocolic anastomosis without enteric stoma, and underwent CTE for surveillance of CD recurrence/aggravation within 12 post-operative months...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082779/role-of-extra-articular-tibiotalocalcaneal-arthrodesis-and-posterior-approach-in-highly-complex-cases
#18
Sergio Eckholt, Ruben Garcia-Elvira, Nicolás Fontecilla, Alvaro Fernandez-Reinales, Daniel Poggio
BACKGROUND: Tibiotalocalcaneal (TTC) arthrodesis is a procedure commonly used as salvage surgery for various pathologic processes that compromise the ankle and subtalar joints. It is a reasonably standardized procedure when performed as a primary surgery in advanced stages of TTC arthritis. For such cases, there are several alternative approaches, fixation materials, and bone substitutes that can be used. Most represent valid options with similar results in the literature. However, in highly complex cases requiring TTC arthrodesis, the options for the approach and fixation material can be limited...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080951/morphological-variation-of-the-anterior-inferior-iliac-spine-affects-hip-range-of-motion-in-flexion-after-rotational-acetabular-osteotomy
#19
Hidetoshi Hamada, Masaki Takao, Takashi Sakai, Nobuhiko Sugano
PURPOSE: Reduced range of motion (ROM) in flexion and internal rotation are associated with impaired activities of daily living (ADL) after rotational acetabular osteotomy (RAO). This study focused on the morphological variation of the anterior inferior iliac spine in developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and its impact on post-operative bony ROM after RAO. This study aimed to investigate the association between bony ROM after RAO and pre-operative morphological factors of the pelvis and femur, including a positional variation of the anterior inferior iliac spine...
October 28, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075532/spinal-nerves-schwannomas-experience-on-367-cases-historic-overview-on-how-clinical-radiological-and-surgical-practices-have-changed-over-a-course-of-60-years
#20
Jacopo Lenzi, Giulio Anichini, Alessandro Landi, Alfonso Piciocchi, Emiliano Passacantilli, Francesca Pedace, Roberto Delfini, Antonio Santoro
BACKGROUND: Spinal schwannomas are common benign spinal tumors. Their treatment has significantly evolved over the years, and preserving neurological functions has become one of the main treatment goals together with tumor resection. STUDY DESIGN AND AIMS: Retrospective review focused on clinical assessment, treatment techniques, and outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective study on our surgical series was performed. Clinical and operative data were analyzed...
2017: Neurology Research International
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