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Foxp3 transplant

Henrieta Fraser, Niloufar Safinia, Nathali Grageda, Sarah Thirkell, Katie Lowe, Laura J Fry, Cristiano Scottá, Andrew Hope, Christopher Fisher, Rachel Hilton, David Game, Paul Harden, Andrew Bushell, Kathryn Wood, Robert I Lechler, Giovanna Lombardi
The concept of regulatory T cell (Treg)-based immunotherapy has enormous potential for facilitating tolerance in autoimmunity and transplantation. Clinical translation of Treg cell therapy requires production processes that satisfy the rigors of Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) standards. In this regard, we report our findings on the implementation of a robust GMP compliant process for the ex vivo expansion of clinical grade Tregs, demonstrating the feasibility of this developed process for the manufacture of a final product for clinical application...
March 16, 2018: Molecular Therapy. Methods & Clinical Development
K M Okoniewska, A E Kedzierska, J Okoniewski, A Slawek, K Grzymajlo, A Chelmonska-Soyta, T Grabowski
Epitopes of regulatory T cells (tregitopes) represent linear sequences of amino acids that induce CD4+ CD25+ Foxp3+ T lymphocytes expansion both in vitro and in vivo. The tregitopes' effectiveness was confirmed in autoimmune disease mouse models and in murine transplant models. Therefore, tregitopes together with regulatory T cells (Tregs) could play a major role in maintaining immune tolerance. The purpose of the presented study was a selection of potential tregitopes and assessment of their impact on Tregs expansion...
December 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
Antonella Mancusi, Sara Piccinelli, Andrea Velardi, Antonio Pierini
FoxP3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) are a subset of CD4+ T cells that can suppress proliferation and effector functions of T cells, B cells, NK cells, and antigen-presenting cells. Treg deficiency causes dramatic immunologic disease in both animal models and humans. As they are capable to suppress the function and the proliferation of conventional CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, Treg-based cell therapies are under evaluation for the treatment of various autoimmune diseases and are currently employed to prevent graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) in clinical trials of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Fei Hua, Yueqiu Chen, Ziying Yang, Xiaomei Teng, Haoyue Huang, Zhenya Shen
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) could exert a potent immunosuppressive effect, and therefore may have a therapeutic potential in T-cell-dependent pathologies. We aimed to examine the effects of BMSCs on immune tolerance of allogeneic heart transplantation and the involvement of CD45RB+ dendritic cells (DCs). METHODS: Bone marrow-derived DCs and BMSCs were co-cultured, with CD45RB expression on the surface of DCs measured by flow cytometry...
February 28, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
Chuanjian Lu, Huazhen Liu, Xiaowei Jin, Yuchao Chen, Chun-Ling Liang, Feifei Qiu, Zhenhua Dai
A recipient usually rejects a transplanted organ and thus needs immunosuppressive treatments to prevent rejection. Achieving long-term allograft survival without continuous global immunosuppression is highly desirable in transplantation as long-term immunosuppression causes various side effects. Therefore, it is necessary to search for medicine with potentially less side effects. Traditional Chinese medicine PSORI-CM01 (Yin Xie Ling), a formula with seven natural herbs, has been used to treat patients with psoriasis...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Karina Oyarce, Mauricio Campos-Mora, Tania Gajardo-Carrasco, Karina Pino-Lagos
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are critical players of immunological tolerance due to their ability to suppress effector T cell function thereby preventing transplant rejection and autoimmune diseases. During allograft transplantation, increases of both Treg expansion and generation, as well as their stable function, are needed to ensure allograft acceptance; thus, efforts have been made to discover new molecules that enhance Treg-mediated tolerance and to uncover their mechanisms. Recently, vitamin C (VitC), known to regulate T cell maturation and dendritic cell-mediated T cell polarization, has gained attention as a relevant epigenetic remodeler able to enhance and stabilize the expression of the Treg master regulator gene Foxp3, positively affecting the generation of induced Tregs (iTregs)...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Mingfeng Zhang, Jeremy J Racine, Qing Lin, Yuqing Liu, Shanshan Tang, Qi Qin, Tong Qi, Arthur D Riggs, Defu Zeng
Autoimmune type 1 diabetes (T1D) and other autoimmune diseases are associated with particular MHC haplotypes and expansion of autoreactive T cells. Induction of MHC-mismatched but not -matched mixed chimerism by hematopoietic cell transplantation effectively reverses autoimmunity in diabetic nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice, even those with established diabetes. As expected, MHC-mismatched mixed chimerism mediates deletion in the thymus of host-type autoreactive T cells that have T-cell receptor (TCR) recognizing (cross-reacting with) donor-type antigen presenting cells (APCs), which have come to reside in the thymus...
February 20, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Deepak Tripathi, Satyanarayana S Cheekatla, Padmaja Paidipally, Rajesh Kumar Radhakrishnan, Elwyn Welch, Ramya Sivangala Thandi, Amy R Tvinnereim, Ramakrishna Vankayalapati
CD4+CD25+FoxP3+ cells (Tregs) inhibit inflammatory immune responses to allografts. Here, we found that co-transplantation of allogeneic pancreatic islets with Tregs that are defective in c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1 (JNK1) signaling prolongs islet allograft survival in the liver parenchyma of chemically induced diabetic mice (CDM). Adoptively transferred JNK1-/- but not wild-type (WT) Tregs survive longer in the liver parenchyma of CDM. JNK1-/- Tregs are resistant to apoptosis and express anti-apoptotic molecules...
February 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Yuichi Hirata, Kazuhiro Furuhashi, Hiroshi Ishii, Hao Wei Li, Sandra Pinho, Lei Ding, Simon C Robson, Paul S Frenette, Joji Fujisaki
A crucial player in immune regulation, FoxP3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) are drawing attention for their heterogeneity and noncanonical functions. Here, we describe a Treg subpopulation that controls hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) quiescence and engraftment. These Tregs highly expressed an HSC marker, CD150, and localized within the HSC niche in the bone marrow (BM). Specific reduction of BM Tregs achieved by conditional deletion of CXCR4 in Tregs increased HSC numbers in the BM. Adenosine generated via the CD39 cell surface ectoenzyme on niche Tregs protected HSCs from oxidative stress and maintained HSC quiescence...
February 7, 2018: Cell Stem Cell
Maxim Durand, Florian Dubois, Cécile Dejou, Eugénie Durand, Richard Danger, Mélanie Chesneau, Carole Brosseau, Pierrick Guerif, Jean-Paul Soulillou, Nicolas Degauque, Jean-François Eliaou, Magali Giral, Nathalie Bonnefoy, Sophie Brouard
Regulatory T cells were recently proposed as the central actor in operational tolerance after renal transplantation. Tolerant patients harbor increased FoxP3hi memory Treg frequency and increased demethylation in the Foxp3 Treg-specific demethylated region when compared to stable kidney recipients and exhibit greater memory Treg suppressive capacities and higher expression of the ectonucleotidase CD39. However, in this particular and unique situation the mechanisms of action of Tregs were not identified. Thus, we analyzed the ability of memory Tregs to degrade extracellular ATP in tolerant patients, healthy volunteers, and patients with stable graft function under immunosuppression and determined the role of immunosuppressive drugs on this process...
February 15, 2018: Kidney International
Yufeng Liu, Bo Peng, Shengdi Wu, Nuo Xu
Regulatory T (Treg) cells are a kind of immunosuppression cells, which have been used to treat autoimmune diseases and induce allograft tolerance in clinical trials. While Treg cells based therapy is a promising treatment for kidney diseases and an emerging concept for tolerance induction in renal transplantation, a better understanding of the functions and biology of Treg cells is needed to be able to optimally exploit them. Epigenetics regulation, which refers to potentially heritable alterations in gene expression without underlying changes of the nucleotide sequence, plays an important role in Treg cells induction and maintenance...
February 13, 2018: Current Gene Therapy
Hemn Mohammadpour, Rachel O'Neil, Jingxin Qiu, Philip L McCarthy, Elizabeth A Repasky, Xuefang Cao
Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation is a potential curative therapy for hematologic malignancies. Host APCs are pivotal to the desired graft-versus-tumor (GVT) effect. Recent studies have shown that β2-adrenergic receptor (β2AR) signaling can have an important impact on immune cell function, including dendritic cells (DCs). In this article, we demonstrate that pretreatment of host mice with a β2AR blocker significantly increases the GVT effect of donor CD8 + T cells by decreasing tumor burden without increasing graft-versus-host disease...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Andreas T Björklund, Mattias Carlsten, Ebba Sohlberg, Lisa L Liu, Trevor Clancy, Mohsen Karimi, Sarah Cooley, Jeffrey S Miller, Monika Klimkowska, Marie Schaffer, Emma Watz, Kristina I Wikstrom, Pontus Blomberg, Bjorn E Wahlin, Marzia Palma, Lotta Hansson, Per Ljungman, Eva Hellström-Lindberg, Hans-Gustaf Ljunggren, Karl-Johan Malmberg
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety, efficacy and immunobiological correlates of allogeneic NK cell-based therapy in primary chemotherapy-refractory or relapsed high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), secondary AML (MDS/AML), and de novo AML patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Sixteen patients received fludarabine/cyclophosphamide conditioning combined with total lymphoid irradiation followed by adoptive immunotherapy with IL-2-activated haploidentical NK cells. RESULTS: NK cell infusions were well tolerated with only transient adverse events observed in the 16 patients...
February 14, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Yingjie Liu, Lu Sun, Wei Chen, Junbo Chuai, Yu Shang, Dongyang Zhang, Bicheng Fu, Hai Tian, Shulin Jiang
Allograft rejection is an important issue post cardiac transplantation. In order to investigate the effect of combined treatment with simvastatin and rapamycin on allograft rejection, a cardiac transplantation rat model was employed in the present study. The survival time of rats following cardiac transplantation was recorded, while histopathological alterations were assessed by hematoxylin and eosin staining. The levels of transcription factors were measured by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Martin Y Fan, Laurence A Turka
CD4 + Foxp3 + regulatory T cells (Tregs) are an essential component of immune homeostasis. Modulation of Treg function has been proposed as a means of treating autoimmune conditions and preventing rejection of organ transplants, although achieving this goal will require a detailed understanding of Treg signaling pathways. Signaling within Tregs is known to differ considerably from that observed in other T cell subsets. Of note, Tregs are the only cell type known to constitutively express CD25, the main ligand-binding subunit of the IL-2 receptor...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Delia Blaya, Beatriz Aguilar-Bravo, Fengjie Hao, Silvia Casacuberta-Serra, Mar Coll, Luis Perea, Júlia Vallverdú, Isabel Graupera, Elisa Pose, Laura Llovet, Jordi Barquinero, Francisco Javier Cubero, Juan Caballería, Pere Ginès, Pau Sancho-Bru
miR-155 is involved in immune and inflammatory diseases and is associated with liver fibrosis and steatohepatitis. However, the mechanisms involved in miR-155 regulation of liver injury are largely unknown. The role of miR-155 in acute liver injury was assessed in wild type (WT), miR-155-/- and miR-155-/- mice transplanted with WT bone marrow. Additionally, miR-155 expression was evaluated in liver tissue and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of patients with autoimmune hepatitis. Concanavalin A (ConA) but not acetaminophen (APAP) treatment increased the expression of miR-155 in liver tissue of WT mice...
February 8, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Joseph R Leventhal, Joshua Miller, James M Mathew, Sunil Kurian, Anat R Tambur, John Friedewald, Jane Charrette, Michael M Abecassis
Kidney transplant recipients given donor hematopoietic stem cells from their HLA-identical living related donors have now been followed between 5 and 9 ½ years post-operatively. Recipients who were designated as tolerant (Tol) have remained so since the last report when the 5 year (biopsy associated) milestone was reached. There has been 1 mortality of a Tol patient, unrelated to the study protocol, while 5 (of 15) have remained Tol between 7 & 8 ½ years post-operatively. There has been continuing elevated T-regulatory (CD4+CD25HighCD127-FOXP3+) cells in PBMC previously reported on...
January 30, 2018: Human Immunology
T Nakao, T Nakamura, K Masuda, T Matsuyama, H Ushigome, E Ashihara, N Yoshimura
BACKGROUND: Recently, myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) have attracted considerable attention because of their cancer-promoting and immunosuppressive effects. The glucocorticoid dexamethasone (Dex) is an important immunosuppressive agent used to treat autoimmune diseases and organ transplant rejection. However, the mechanism by which it modulates the immune system is not completely understood. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, we investigated the mechanisms by which Dex modulated the immune response in mice given an allogeneic cardiac transplant...
January 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
E Yin, M Uchiyama, M Niimi
Shigyakusan (also known as Tsumura Japan [TJ]-35) is composed of peony, bitter orange, licorice, and Bupleuri radix is used for cholecystitis and gastritis as an anti-inflammatory agent. We investigated the effect of TJ-35 on alloimmune response in a murine heart transplantation model. CBA mice that underwent transplantation of a C57BL/6 (B6) heart were assigned to four groups: no treatment, TJ-35-exposed, each component-exposed, or each component missing-exposed. The four groups above each received oral administration of TJ-35, each component, or TJ-35 with each component missing from the day of transplantation until 7 days, respectively...
January 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
Sapana Verma, Yuka Tanaka, Seiichi Shimizu, Naoki Tanimine, Hideki Ohdan
Previous studies have found that preferential accumulation of regulatory T (Treg) cells in liver allografts during acute cellular rejection (ACR) is associated with less severe rejection, suggesting a role of Treg cells in preventing excessive progress of ACR. We investigated the impact of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the Forkhead box P3 ( FOXP3 ) gene, a master regulator gene of Treg cells, on ACR severity in liver transplant (LT) recipients. In total, 102 living donor LT patients were enrolled in this study and categorized into no rejection (n = 86), steroid-sensitive acute rejection (SSAR; n = 11), and steroid-resistant acute rejection (SRAR; n = 5)...
July 2017: Hepatology communications
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