Read by QxMD icon Read

Foxp3 transplant

Xiaodan Luo, Lihua Xu, Yangqiu Li, Huo Tan
Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) induced by host antigen-presenting cells (APCs) and donor-derived T cells remains the major limitation of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (allo-BMT). Notch signaling pathway is a highly conserved cell-cell communication that is important in T cell development. Recently, Notch signaling pathway is reported to be involved in regulating GVHD. To investigate the role of Notch inhibition in modulating GVHD, we established MHC-mismatched murine allo-BMT model. We found that inhibition of Notch signaling pathway by γ-secretase inhibitor in vivo could reduce aGVHD, which was shown by the onset time of aGVHD, body weight, clinical aGVHD scores, pathology aGVHD scores, and survival...
October 21, 2016: Cell Biology and Toxicology
Hidekazu Nishikii, Byung-Su Kim, Yasuhisa Yokoyama, Yan Chen, Jeanette Baker, Antonio Pierini, Maite Alvarez, Melissa Mavers, Kristina Maas-Bauer, Yuqiong Pan, Shigeru Chiba, Robert S Negrin
CD4(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Treg) are a subpopulation of T cells, which regulate the immune system and enhance immune tolerance after transplantation. Donor-derived Treg prevent the development of lethal acute graft versus host disease (GVHD) in murine models of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT). We recently demonstrated that a single treatment of the agonistic antibody to DR3 (Death receptor 3, αDR3) to donor mice resulted in the expansion of donor derived Treg and prevented acute GVHD, although the precise role of DR3 signaling in GVHD has not been elucidated...
October 19, 2016: Blood
Zhuo Wu, Qinxia Xu, Xiaoyan Qiu, Zheng Jiao, Ming Zhang, Mingkang Zhong
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential impact of FOXP3 and CCDC22 gene polymorphisms on efficacy and safety of tacrolimus (TAC) in renal transplant patients. METHODS: Genetic polymorphisms were detected in 114 Chinese renal transplant patients who were on TAC-based maintenance immunosuppression and were followed up for at least 2 years. The relationships between FOXP3 rs3761547, rs3761548, rs3761549, rs2232365, rs2280883, and CCDC22 rs2294021 polymorphisms and clinical outcomes such as acute rejection, TAC-induced acute nephrotoxicity, and pneumonia were investigated by using Kaplan-Meier estimates and multivariate Cox regression analysis...
October 17, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Jong Man Kim, Choon Hyuck David Kwon, Jae-Won Joh, Gyu-Seong Choi, Jae Berm Park, Eun-Suk Kang, Sung Joo Kim, Suk-Koo Lee
PURPOSE: T lymphocytes are an essential component of allograft rejection and tolerance. The aims of the present study are to analyze the characteristics of T-cell subsets between ABO-incompatible living donor liver transplantation (ABO-I LDLT) and ABO-compatible LDLT (ABO-C LDLT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between April 2013 and June 2014, 61 patients underwent adult LDLT. ABO-I LDLT patients received rituximab and all patients received basiliximab as induction therapy and tacrolimus as maintenance therapy...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Hyunjung Baek, Minsook Ye, Geun-Hyung Kang, Chanju Lee, Gihyun Lee, Da Bin Choi, Jaehoon Jung, Hyunseong Kim, Seonhwa Lee, Jin Su Kim, Hyun-Ju Lee, Insop Shim, Jun-Ho Lee, Hyunsu Bae
Alzheimer's disease patients display neuropathological lesions, including the accumulation of amyloid-beta (Aβ) peptide and neurofibrillary tangles. Although the mechanisms causing the neurodegenerative process are largely unknown, increasing evidence highlights a critical role of immunity in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. In the present study, we investigated the role of regulatory T cells (Tregs) on Alzheimer's disease progression. First, we explored the effect of Tregs (CD4+CD25+ T cells) and Teffs (CD4+CD25- T cells) in an adoptive transfer model...
October 4, 2016: Oncotarget
Laëtitia Le Texier, Katie E Lineburg, Benjamin Cao, Cameron McDonald-Hyman, Lucie Leveque-El Mouttie, Jemma Nicholls, Michelle Melino, Blessy C Nalkurthi, Kylie A Alexander, Bianca Teal, Stephen J Blake, Fernando Souza-Fonseca-Guimaraes, Christian R Engwerda, Rachel D Kuns, Steven W Lane, Michele Teng, Charis Teh, Daniel Gray, Andrew D Clouston, Susan K Nilsson, Bruce R Blazar, Geoffrey R Hill, Kelli P A MacDonald
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a crucial role in the maintenance of peripheral tolerance. Quantitative and/or qualitative defects in Tregs result in diseases such as autoimmunity, allergy, malignancy, and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), a serious complication of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT). We recently reported increased expression of autophagy-related genes (Atg) in association with enhanced survival of Tregs after SCT. Autophagy is a self-degradative process for cytosolic components that promotes cell homeostasis and survival...
September 22, 2016: JCI Insight
Ning Na, Yun Luo, Daqiang Zhao, Shicong Yang, Liangqing Hong, Heng Li, Bin Miao, Jiang Qiu
Immature dendritic cells (iDCs) are bone marrow-derived professional antigen-presenting cells, exhibit very low levels of the co-stimulatory molecules CD80 (B7-1), CD86 (B7-2), and CD40 and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II and play a critical role in triggering antigen-specific immunotolerance. The enzyme indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase (IDO) is a cytosolic tryptophan catabolism rate-limiting step enzyme. IDO secreted by DCs shows an association with the suppression of T-cell responses and promotion of tolerance...
September 27, 2016: Molecular Immunology
Alberto Baroja-Mazo, Beatriz Revilla-Nuin, Pascual Parrilla, Laura Martínez-Alarcón, Pablo Ramírez, José Antonio Pons
Transplantation is the optimal treatment for end-stage organ failure, and modern immunosuppression has allowed important progress in short-term outcomes. However, immunosuppression poorly influences chronic rejection and elicits chronic toxicity in current clinical practice. Thus, a major goal in transplantation is to understand and induce tolerance. It is well established that human regulatory T cells expressing the transcription factor FoxP3 play important roles in the maintenance of immunological self-tolerance and immune homeostasis...
September 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Xiaoguang Xu, Haiyan Huang, Qiang Wang, Ming Cai, Yeyong Qian, Yong Han, Xinying Wang, Yu Gao, Ming Yuan, Liang Xu, Chen Yao, Li Xiao, Bingyi Shi
PURPOSE: IFN-γ is a protypical proinflammatory cytokine that plays a central role in inflammation and acute graft rejection. Accumulating evidence indicates that IFN-γ can exert previously unexpected immunoregulatory activities. However, little is known about the role of IFN-γ secreted by Th1-like regulatory T cells in human kidney transplantation. METHODS: To determine the function of IFN-γ in acute T cell-mediated renal allograft rejection (ACR), we examined serum cytokine expression profiles in ACR patients by human cytokine multiplex immunoassay and analyzed the cellular origins of IFN-γ in peripheral blood and renal allograft biopsies from ACR cases and controls by flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry, respectively...
September 19, 2016: Immunobiology
Hongmei Wang, Xusheng Zhang, Xiufen Zheng, Zhu Lan, Jun Shi, Jifu Jiang, Terry Zwiep, Qing Li, Douglas Quan, Zhu-Xu Zhang, Weiping Min
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) act as initiators and conductors responsible for both innate and adaptive immune responses in organ transplantation. The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is one of the most critical signaling kinases that affects broad aspects of cellular functions including metabolism, growth, and survival. Recipients (BALB/c) were treated with MyD88, TRIF and mTOR siRNA vectors, 3 and 7 days prior to heart transplantation and 7, 14 and 21 days after transplantation. After siRNA treatment, recipients received a fully MHC-mismatched C57BL/6 heart...
2016: Scientific Reports
Kang Li, Xi Zhang, Li Yang, Xin-Xing Wang, De-Hua Yang, Guo-Qing Cao, Shuai Li, Yong-Zhong Mao, Shao-Tao Tang
Biliary atresia (BA) is a pediatric inflammatory disease of the biliary system which leads to cirrhosis and the need for liver transplantation. Various cells types have been reported to participate in the pro-inflammatory response, including Th1, Th2, Th17, CD8(+) T cells, or NK cells. The suppressive Treg cells, on the contrary, were not functioning properly. The underlying mechanism is largely unknown. Focusing on why the suppressive function of Treg was impaired, we found out methylation status of CpG islands within the Foxp3 promotor of Tregs in BA patients and murine models were both increased...
September 22, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Wensheng Zhang, Vijay S Gorantla, Phil G Campbell, Yang Li, Yang Yang, Chiaki Komatsu, Lee E Weiss, Xin Xiao Zheng, Mario G Solari
Pancreatic islet transplantation (PIT) represents a potential therapy to circumvent the need for exogenous insulin in type 1 diabetes. However, PIT remains limited by lack of donor islets and need for long-term multi-drug immunosuppression to prevent alloimmune islet rejection. Our goal was to evaluate a local immunoregulatory strategy that sustains islet allograft survival and restores glucose homeostasis in the absence of systemic immunosuppression. Nanogram quantities of murine CTLA4/Fc fusion protein were controllably delivered within human acellular dermal matrix scaffolds using an inkjet-based biopatterning technology and co-transplanted with allogeneic islets under the renal capsule to create an immunoregulatory microenvironment around the islet allograft...
September 20, 2016: Diabetes
Weiming Xiao, Min Yin, Keyan Wu, Guotao Lu, Bin Deng, Yu Zhang, Li Qian, Xiaoqing Jia, Yanbing Ding, Weijuan Gong
Wogonin exerts anti-tumour activities via multiple mechanisms. We have identified that high-dose wogonin (50 or 100 mg/kg) could inhibit the growth of transplanted tumours by directly inducing tumour apoptosis and promoting DC, T and NK cell recruitment into tumour tissues to enhance immune surveillance. However, wogonin (20-50 μM) ex vivo prevents inflammation by inhibiting NF-κB and Erk signalling of macrophages and epithelial cells. It is elusive whether high-dose wogonin promotes or prevents inflammation...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
L Song, A Ma, H Dun, Y Hu, Y Fujii, F Kinugasa, S Oshima, Y Higashi, P Daloze, H Chen
Belatacept is the first costimulatory blockade agent approved for maintenance immunosuppression in kidney transplant recipients. Clinical results have indicated that belatacept is associated with superior renal function and improved metabolic profile. However, higher incidence of acute rejection and PTLD are the shortcomings of this agent. In this study, ASP2409, a new CTLA4-Ig possessing 14-fold higher in vitro CD86 binding affinity than belatacept, was tested for renal allograft survival in cynomolgus monkeys...
September 6, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
Barbara Seliger, Simon Jasinski-Bergner, Dagmar Quandt, Christine Stoehr, Juergen Bukur, Sven Wach, Wolfgang Legal, Helge Taubert, Bernd Wullich, Arndt Hartmann
The non-classical human leukocyte antigen E (HLA-E) expression is frequently overexpressed in tumor diseases, transplants and virus-infected cells and represents an immunomodulatory molecule by binding to the receptors CD94/NKG2A, -B and -C on NK and T cells. Due to its immune suppressive features HLA-E expression might represent an important mechanism of tumors to escape immune surveillance. While an aberrant expression of the non-classical HLA-G antigen in human renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has been demonstrated to be associated with a worse outcome of patients and reduced sensitivity to immune effector cell-mediated cytotoxicity, the expression and function of HLA-E has not yet been analyzed in this tumor entity...
August 31, 2016: Oncotarget
Tobias Alexander, Renate Arnold, Falk Hiepe, Andreas Radbruch
Over the past 20 years, immunoablation followed by transplantation of autologous haematopoietic stem cells (ASCT) has emerged as a promising treatment option for patients with severe forms of autoimmune diseases (ADs) that insufficiently respond to standard immunosuppressive or novel biologic treatment. Meanwhile, mechanistic studies have provided the proof-of-concept that the long-term, treatment-free remissions achieved by ASCT are associated with the eradication of the autoreactive immunologic memory and a fundamental reconfiguration of the immune system...
July 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
G Camirand, L V Riella
Regulatory CD4+ Foxp3+ T cells (Tregs) are critical in controlling immunity and tolerance. Thus, preserving Treg numbers and function in transplanted patients is essential for the successful minimization of maintenance immunosuppression. Multiple cellular signals control the development, differentiation, and function of Tregs. Many of these signals are shared with conventional Foxp3(-) T cells (Tconv) and are targeted by immunosuppressive drugs, negatively affecting both Tregs and Tconv. Because intracellular signals vary in optimal intensity in different T cell subsets, improved specificity in immunosuppressive regimens must occur to benefit long-term transplant outcomes...
September 1, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
Chuanjian Lu, Yu-Qun Zeng, Huazhen Liu, Qingfeng Xie, Shengmei Xu, Kangsheng Tu, Changwei Dou, Zhenhua Dai
BACKGROUND: Achieving long-term cardiac allograft survival without continuous immunosuppression is highly desired in organ transplantation. Studies have shown that Salvia miltiorrhiza, an herb also known as danshen, improves microcirculation and is highly effective in treating coronary heart disease. Our objective is to determine whether tanshinol, an ingredient of danshen, improves cardiac allograft survival. METHODS: Fully vascularized heterotopic heart transplantation was performed using BALB/c mice as donors and C57BL/6 mice as recipients, which were then treated with tanshinol and rapamycin...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
J Ge, J Wang, H Zhao, K Li, Y Jing, G Li
INTRODUCTION: Tacrolimus is an immunosuppressive medication for organ transplantation. FOXP3(+) T regulatory cells (Tregs) play roles in suppression of rejection and induction of graft tolerance. This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between the polymorphism of FOXP3 and the blood level of tacrolimus in renal transplant recipients. METHODS: This retrospective study included 100 renal transplant recipients receiving tacrolimus treatment and 100 healthy control subjects...
July 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Qin Qin, Dan Luo, Yunjie Shi, Qingqing Zhao, Yuan Chen, Jing Wu, Min Zhao
Corneal graft rejection is the major reason for transplant failure. CD25 plays an important role in the induction of corneal graft rejection by regulating CD4(+) T cell function. Furthermore, CD25-mediated signaling is closely associated with the expression of Treg cytokines (IL-10, TGF-β) and Th1 cytokines (IFN-γ, IL-1β, and TNF-α). In the current study, corneal transplantation was performed on Wistar rats as donors and Sprague-Dawley rats as recipients. The survival curves indicated that CD25 siRNA treatment significantly prolonged graft survival time (mean survival time [MST], 14...
October 2016: Experimental Eye Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"