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Gall bladder ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643654/role-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-in-adrenal-lesions-analysis-of-32-patients
#1
Rakesh K Gupta, Kaushik Majumdar, Ravindra K Saran, Siddharth Srivastava, Puja Sakhuja, Vineeta V Batra
Objective: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology (EUS-FNAC) is a precise and safe technique that provides both radiological and pathological diagnosis with a better diagnostic yield and minimal adverse events. EUS-FNAC led to the remarkable increase in the detection rate of incidentaloma found during radiologic staging or follow-up in various malignancy or unrelated conditions. Aims: We did this preliminary study with an aim to evaluate the role of EUS-FNA in diagnosing and classifying adrenal lesions, clinical impact, and compare the outcome with the previously published literature...
April 2018: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577030/eus-guided-gall-bladder-drainage-in-severe-liver-disease-a-single-center-experience-in-critically-ill-cirrhotics
#2
Kapil Dev Jamwal, Manoj Kumar Sharma, Rakhi Maiwall, Barjesh Kumar Sharma, Shiv Kumar Sarin
Background and Aims : Acute calculous cholecystitis with impending gall bladder perforation in severe liver diseases including decompensated cirrhosis and acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is difficult to manage, due to the procedures such as cholecystectomy and per cutaneous cholecystostomy being associated with high risk and complications in these patients. Methods : Four cases of severe liver disease with acute calculous cholecystitis who presented to the Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (New Delhi, India) for further management were included in the study if they underwent endoscopic ultrasound-guided gall bladder drainage (EUS-GBD)...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393556/contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-complements-two-dimensional-ultrasonography-in-diagnosing-gallbladder-diseases-in-dogs
#3
Paolo Bargellini, Riccardo Orlandi, Chiara Paloni, Giuseppe Rubini, Paolo Fonti, Cecilia Righi, Mark E Peterson, Mark Rishniw, Cristiano Boiti
Gall-bladder diseases are common in dogs and two-dimensional ultrasonography is a current standard method for diagnosis and treatment planning. However, findings from this modality can be nonspecific. The aim of this retrospective, case series study was to describe conventional and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (using SonoVue® ) findings in a group of dogs with histologically confirmed gall bladder disease. A total of 65 dogs were included. Branchlike, heterogeneous, and homogeneous contrast enhancement of echogenic intraluminal mass-forming lesions was a contrast-enhanced ultrasound characteristic of polypoid lesions due to cystic mucosal hyperplasia of the gallbladder and/or tumor, which had different wash-in and washout characteristics...
February 2, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375736/imaging-of-gall-bladder-by-endoscopic-ultrasound
#4
REVIEW
Malay Sharma, Piyush Somani, Tagore Sunkara
Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) is considered a superior investigation when compared to conventional ultrasonography for imaging gall bladder (GB) lesions as it can provide high-resolution images of small lesions with higher ultrasound frequencies. Examination of GB is frequently the primary indication of EUS imaging. Imaging during EUS may not remain restricted to one station and multi-station imaging may provide useful information. This review describes the techniques of imaging of GB by linear EUS from three different stations...
January 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363152/plasma-levels-of-innate-immune-mediators-are-associated-with-liver-fibrosis-in-low-parasite-burden-schistosoma-mansoni-infected-individuals
#5
J L Rodrigues Oliveira, M M Teixeira, J R Lambertucci, C M F Antunes, M Carneiro, D Negrão-Corrêa
In the murine model, it was demonstrated that pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines are essential to the formation and modulation of Schistosoma-induced granulomatous inflammation. However, the relationship of these immune mediators and disease severity is hard to be established in naturally infected individuals. The current study evaluates the association between plasma concentrations of MIF, sTNF-R1, CCL3, CCL7 and CCL24 and schistosomiasis morbidity in Schistosoma mansoni-infected patients with a low parasite burden...
March 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235670/presumptive-migrating-gall-bladder-mucocoele-in-two-dogs-with-gall-bladder-rupture
#6
R K Burchell, L Thornton, C K Lim, M Murakami, Y Nakamura, A Gal
A 10-year-old neutered female soft-coated wheaten terrier and a 10-year-old, entire female Pomeranian were presented for vomiting and anorexia. Using ultrasound, an oval structure with a stellate, kiwifruit-like appearance typical of a gall bladder mucocoele was observed in the caudal abdomen of the soft-coated wheaten terrier and adjacent to the liver in the Pomeranian. There was also a moderate volume of abdominal effusion in both dogs. Cytology of the peritoneal fluid indicated a sterile exudative process but varied between the two dogs, with an absence of bile pigment in the soft-coated wheaten terrier and marked bile peritonitis in the Pomeranian...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056121/effectiveness-of-ultrasound-shear-for-clipless-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-versus-conventional-unipolar-electrocautery-in-patients-with-cholelithiasis
#7
Ejaz Sanawan, Ahmad Uzair Qureshi, Sidra Shoaib Qureshi, Khalid M Cheema, Muhammad Arshad Cheema
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of ultrasound shear in laparoscopic cholecystectomy in terms of total operative time, postoperative bile leaks, gall bladder perforation rate, and postoperative bleeding from cystic artery and collateral injury to bowel and duodenum. STUDY DESIGN: Comparative study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Mayo Hospital, Lahore, from June 2013 to May 2014. METHODOLOGY: 150 cases (75 in each group) were randomized into two groups, i...
October 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053098/-radiology-diagnostics-and-treatment-of-acute-cholecystitis
#8
Ivan Arsic, Jan Abrahamsen, Lise Gammelgård, Vilma Vainoriene, Einar Pahle, Michael Festersen Nielsen
Acute cholecystitis (AC) is mainly caused by stones in the gall bladder. Although cholescintigraphy has the highest sensitivity (97%) and specificity (94%) for AC, ultrasound is the most commonly used technique in confirming the diagnosis. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the recom-mended treatment of choice; however, in high-risk patients percutaneous gall bladder drainage is an attractive alter-native approach to avoid lesions to the common bile duct. To avoid serious bleeding incidences, it is imperative to pause anticoagulation therapy prior to gall bladder drainage...
October 16, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956265/in-vivo-biodistribution-of-radiolabeled-acoustic-protein-nanostructures
#9
Johann Le Floc'h, Aimen Zlitni, Holly A Bilton, Melissa Yin, Arash Farhadi, Nancy R Janzen, Mikhail G Shapiro, John F Valliant, F Stuart Foster
PURPOSE: Contrast-enhanced ultrasound plays an expanding role in oncology, but its applicability to molecular imaging is hindered by a lack of nanoscale contrast agents that can reach targets outside the vasculature. Gas vesicles (GVs)-a unique class of gas-filled protein nanostructures-have recently been introduced as a promising new class of ultrasound contrast agents that can potentially access the extravascular space and be modified for molecular targeting. The purpose of the present study is to determine the quantitative biodistribution of GVs, which is critical for their development as imaging agents...
September 27, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870885/mesenteric-panniculitis
#10
Mpho Kgomo, Ali Elnagar, Kgataki Mashoshoe
A 53-year-old black woman presented with a 3-day history of abdominal pain. Ultrasound of the abdomen showed a gall bladder packed with small stones. She gave a history of abdominal surgery for a gynaecological condition. She had a cholecystectomy done, but her symptoms continued after cholecystectomy. She then had anendoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatogram (ERCP) and sphincterotomy done, again her symptoms remained the same. A CT scan of the abdomen was done, and mesenteric panniculitis was suspected. A laparoscopic biopsy of the mesentery was performed, and it confirmed mesenteric panniculitis...
September 4, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855220/duplex-gall-bladder-bystander-or-culprit
#11
Jogender Kumar, Arushi Yadav
Gall bladder (GB) duplication is a rare anatomical malformation, which can be detected by preoperative imaging study. We present a case of duplex gall bladder in a 14-year-old boy who presented with abdominal pain. On ultrasound, he had right nephrolithiasis and duplex gall bladder. Duplex gall bladder was confirmed on MR cholangiopancreatography. There was a dilemma for surgical management of duplex gall bladder; however, he became asymptomatic after conservative treatment. Prophylactic surgery is not recommended for asymptomatic incidentally detected duplex gall bladder...
August 30, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802164/agenesis-of-gall-bladder-in-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-case-report
#12
Samer Makki Mohamed Al-Hakkak
INTRODUCTION: Agenesis of gallbladder is a rare congenital anomaly of biliary tree that may be associated with other biliary and extra biliary congenital anomalies. CASE PRESENTATION: A 43- year- old female presented with a 4 months history of upper abdominal pain associated with nausea and vomiting. It was associated with dyspeptic symptoms and become worse following ingestion of high-fat meal contents. Clinically, a differential of gall stone disease was considered...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725941/endoscopic-stents-for-the-biliary-tree-and-pancreas
#13
REVIEW
Rajesh Krishnamoorthi, Mahendran Jayaraj, Richard Kozarek
OPINION STATEMENT: PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the recently published literature on biliary and pancreatic stents. RECENT FINDINGS: Covered self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) are increasingly being used in the endoscopic management of benign biliary strictures. Given the costs associated with SEMS, plastic stents are still the most commonly used stents. In this setting, SEMS are preferred over plastic stents for palliation of malignant biliary strictures due to superior patency and have a role in preoperative management of malignant biliary strictures...
September 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725332/thyrotoxic-valvulopathy-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Keniel Pierre, Sushee Gadde, Bassam Omar, G Mustafa Awan, Christopher Malozzi
We report a 42-year-old female who was admitted for abdominal pain, and also endorsed dyspnea, fatigue and chronic palpitations. Past medical history included asthma, patent ductus arteriosus repaired in childhood and ill-defined thyroid disease. Physical examination revealed blood pressure of 136/88 mm Hg and heart rate of 149 beats per minute. Cardiovascular exam revealed an irregularly irregular rhythm, and pulmonary exam revealed mild expiratory wheezing. Abdomen was tender. Electrocardiogram revealed atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular response which responded to intravenous diltiazem...
June 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680698/non-iatrogenic-traumatic-isolated-bilothorax-in-a-cat
#15
Ronan A Mullins, Marc A Barandun, Barbara Gallagher, Laura C Cuddy
CASE SUMMARY: A 6-month-old spayed female domestic shorthair cat presented for evaluation of suspected bite wounds over the right caudal thorax and left cranial flank. Thoracic radiographs identified a mild right-sided pneumothorax, a small volume of right-sided pleural effusion, with increased soft tissue opacity in the right cranial and middle lung lobes. Abdominal ultrasound identified a very small gall bladder and several small pockets of free peritoneal fluid. Cytological analysis of peritoneal fluid was consistent with a modified transudate...
January 2017: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603785/patterns-of-gall-bladder-wall-thickening-in-dengue-fever-a-mirror-of-the-severity-of-disease
#16
Jitendra Premjibhai Parmar, Chander Mohan, Maulik Vora
BACKGROUND: Dengue fever is a major public health problem with an increased incidence in recent years. Gall bladder wall thickening has been reported as one of the most common findings in dengue fever. There is a paucity of literature regarding the various patterns of gall bladder wall thickening in dengue fever and their significance in predicting the severity of disease. METHODOLOGY AND SIGNIFICANT FINDINGS: Out of 93 seropositive patients included in the study, 54 patients with dengue fever had gall bladder wall thickening...
April 2017: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597507/percutaneous-ultrasound-guided-cholecystocentesis-complications-and-association-of-ultrasonographic-findings-with-bile-culture-results
#17
F Schiborra, J F McConnell, T W Maddox
OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively evaluate cases presented for percutaneous ultrasound-guided cholecystocentesis for associated complications, identify risk factors associated with complications and to assess ultrasonographic findings and relate these to bacterial culture results. METHODS: Data on 300 patients presented for percutaneous ultrasound-guided cholecystocentesis were retrospectively collected and ultrasonographic images were assessed for defined structural changes...
July 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571228/imaging-evaluation-of-enhancement-patterns-of-flat-gall-bladder-wall-thickening-and-its-correlation-with-clinical-and-histopathological-findings
#18
Manoj Mathur, Jasvir Singh, Devinder Pal Singh, Navneet Kaur, Saryu Gupta, Samrin Haq
INTRODUCTION: Gall bladder Wall Thickening (GWT) is caused by wide spectrum of diseases. Initially Ultrasound (USG) was used as imaging modality for screening of acute abdomen because of its high sensitivity and real time character. Now, Computed Tomography (CT) is used because of its high temporal and spatial resolution. AIM: Evaluation of GWT and its enhancement patterns on contrast enhanced CT scan in a bid to differentiate benign from malignant causes and to correlate the imaging features with clinical and histopathological findings...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511430/study-on-the-relation-between-colorectal-cancer-and-gall-bladder-disease
#19
Siddharth Gosavi, R Rama Mishra, Vsm Praveen Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer is cancer of the large intestine, the lower part of digestive system which includes the sigmoid colon and rectum. AIM: To study the relation of incidence of colorectal cancer with previous gall bladder disease or post-cholecystectomy status, a relation between gall bladder disease and smoking in particular and the most common region of colon involved in colorectal cancer in gall bladder disease and non-gall bladder disease patients...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492356/high-frequency-irreversible-electroporation-safety-and-efficacy-of-next-generation-irreversible-electroporation-adjacent-to-critical-hepatic-structures
#20
Imran A Siddiqui, Russell C Kirks, Eduardo L Latouche, Matthew R DeWitt, Jacob H Swet, Erin H Baker, Dionisios Vrochides, David A Iannitti, Rafael V Davalos, Iain H McKillop
Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is a nonthermal ablation modality employed to induce in situ tissue-cell death. This study sought to evaluate the efficacy of a novel high-frequency IRE (H-FIRE) system to perform hepatic ablations across, or adjacent to, critical vascular and biliary structures. Using ultrasound guidance H-FIRE electrodes were placed across, or adjacent to, portal pedicels, hepatic veins, or the gall bladder in a porcine model. H-FIRE pulses were delivered (2250 V, 2-5-2 pulse configuration) in the absence of cardiac synchronization or intraoperative paralytics...
June 2017: Surgical Innovation
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