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Gall bladder ultrasound

Khalid Shreef, Abdullah Alhelal
BACKGROUND: Once it is established that a jaundiced infant has direct hyperbilirubinemia, the principal diagnostic concern is to differentiate hepatocellular from obstructive cholestasis. Traditional tests such as ultrasonography, percutaneous liver biopsy and technetium 99 m hepatobiliary iminodiacetic acid (HIDA) scan are often not sufficiently discriminating. Definitive exclusion of biliary atresia (BA) in the infant with cholestatic jaundice usually requires mini-laparotomy and intra-operative cholangiography...
October 2016: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
Jacqueline Scott, Ameet Singh, Philipp D Mayhew, J Brad Case, Jeffrey J Runge, Matthieu Gatineau, Jessica Kilkenny
OBJECTIVE: To report the complications and outcome of dogs undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy for uncomplicated gall bladder disease. STUDY DESIGN: Multi-institutional case series. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs (n=20). METHODS: Medical records of dogs that underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy were reviewed and signalment, history, clinical and ultrasound examination findings, surgical variables, and complications were collated...
November 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
L Ustyol, M D Bulut, K Agengin, K A Bala, A Yavuz, A Bora, K Demiroren, M Dogan
BACKGROUND: Biliary lithiasis, or sludge, and nephrolithiasis have been reported as a possible complication of ceftriaxone therapy. However, no study related to cefotaxime-induced biliary pseudolithiasis or nephrolithiasis was observed in the literature. Therefore, we investigated the comparative formation of biliary pseudolithiasis and nephrolithiasis after cefotaxime and ceftriaxone therapies. METHODS: The patients treated with ceftriaxone or cefotaxime were enrolled during the study period...
July 10, 2016: Human & Experimental Toxicology
Vikas Singla, Anil Arora, Pankaj Tyagi, Praveen Sharma, Naresh Bansal, Ashish Kumar
Common bile duct (CBD) stones can lead to serious complications and require intervention with either endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) or laparoscopic techniques for urgent relief. On an average 10%-20% of the patients with gall bladder stones can have associated CBD stones. CBD stones during pregnancy can be associated with hazardous complications for both the mother and the fetus. Failed cannulation while performing ERCP during pregnancy is a technically demanding situation, which requires immediate rescue with special techniques...
May 2016: Endoscopic Ultrasound
Nasima Akhter, S M Moinul Islam, Saiyeeda Mahmood, Gazi Abul Hossain, Ratan Kumar Chakraborty
Hepatobiliary ultrasound was carried out on 2224 consecutive patients at the Center for Nuclear Medicine and Ultrasound and at one private diagnostic center in Mymensingh for ultrasound examination of different systems. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of biliary ascariasis and its association with other biliary diseases, specially biliary lithiasis. Data regarding the presence of stone, worm or other diseases were recorded accordingly in this prospective study. There were 952 male and 1272 female patients with an age range of 5-90 years...
March 2006: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
Yaron Zalel, Israel Shapiro, Alina Weissmann-Brenner, Michal Berkenstadt, Zvi Leibovitz, Moshe Bronshtein
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to describe the sonographic appearance of triploidy in early pregnancy. METHODS: We report the sonographic characteristics of a cohort of fetal triploid cases detected at targeted ultrasonographic vaginal examinations between 12 and 16 weeks of gestation from 2008 to 2014. Indications for fetal karyotype following ultrasound were maternal request, advanced maternal age, increased nuchal translucency, and/or fetal abnormalities...
July 2016: Prenatal Diagnosis
M V Kostyuchenko, V N Dolotova
Migration of ascaris from the lumen of the small intestine to the biliary system was previously thought to be very rare pathology and the diagnosis had not be without specific examination methods. At the present time widespread active ultrasonic technologies in the emergency surgical service can became more accessible to show worm in a gall bladder and ducts. The paper presents two cases of gallbladder ascariasis, identified by ultrasound.
2015: Experimental & Clinical Gastroenterology
M Khotchava, E Lashkhi, T Jokhtaberidze, I Shalamberidze
Ceftriaxone is a third generation cephalosporin antibiotic and is one of the most often applicable parenteral drug, which has wide antimicrobial activity range. According to the literature gall bladder lithiasis is a complication which is described in the first days of the treatment with this antibiotic. The cases are seen mostly as undergdiagnosed conditions when ultrasound examination is performed due to the abdominal colics. The aim of the study was to observe Cholelithiasis in ceftriaxone-treated patients...
January 2016: Georgian Medical News
Sriram Pothapregada, Poonam Kullu, Banupriya Kamalakannan, Mahalakshmy Thulasingam
OBJECTIVES: To study the role of ultrasound in children with dengue fever and determine its role in predicting the severity of the disease. METHODS: This was a retrospective hospital based study conducted from 1(st) August 2012 to January 31(st) 2015 at a tertiary care hospital in Puducherry. RESULTS: Two hundred and fifty four children were admitted with dengue fever and among them non-severe dengue and severe dengue were seen in 62.6 % and 37...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Wataru Takagi, Takeshi Ogura, Tatsushi Sano, Saori Onda, Atsushi Okuda, Daisuke Masuda, Akira Imoto, Toshihisa Takeuchi, Shinya Fukunishi, Kazuhide Higuchi
BACKGROUND: Recently, endoscopic ultrasound-guided gall bladder drainage (EUS-GBD) has been reported using a self-expandable metallic stent. To prevent stent migration and food flowing into the common bile duct through the cystic duct, we perform a novel EUS-guided cholecystoduodenostomy. The aim of our study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of EUS-guided cholecystoduodenostomy with an anti-stent migration and anti-food impaction system. METHODS: A total of 16 consecutive patients who underwent EUS-guided cholecystoduodenostomy for acute cholecystitis were included in this study...
January 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
Thiago R Müller, Raquel S Marcelino, Livia P de Souza, Carlos R Teixeira, Maria J Mamprim
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to describe the normal abdominal echoanatomy of the tigrina and to compare it with the abdominal echoanatomy of the domestic cat. Reference intervals of the normal abdominal ultrasonographic anatomy of individual species are important for accurate diagnoses and interpretation of routine health examinations. The hypothesis was that the echoanatomy of the tigrina was similar to that of the domestic cat. METHODS: Eighteen clinically healthy tigrina were selected for abdominal ultrasound examination, in order to obtain normal parameters of the bladder, spleen, adrenal gland, kidney, gastrointestinal tract, liver and gall bladder, and Doppler parameters of liver and kidney vessels...
November 30, 2015: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Hussein Awad Hussein, Mohammed Elrashidy
OBJECTIVES: The present study was designed to gain information about the ultrasonographic features of livers with cystic echinococcosis, as well as to evaluate the use of ultrasonography for diagnosis of such disease in sheep. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study during the period April 2011 to March 2013. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 22 Baladi sheep (aged three to six years) were included in this study. Based on clear hepatic ultrasonographic findings, all animals were classified into two groups: those with hepatic cysts (n=9) and without liver cysts (healthy liver, n=13)...
2014: Veterinary Record Open
Pawan Kumar, Priya Hazrah, Anil Taneja, Arvind Ahuja, Deborshi Sharma
The gall bladder is least common intra-abdominal organ to be involved by tuberculosis. It is either part of systemic miliary tuberculosis or abdominal tuberculosis. Isolated gall bladder tuberculosis is even rarer, can presents either as calculus or acalculus cholecystitis. Gall bladder tuberculosis presenting as a localized perforation with a sinus formation into anterior abdominal wall is unreported complication in a non immuno-compromised person. A 48-year old female presented with a gradually increasing swelling in right hypochondrium...
April 24, 2015: Clinics and Practice
Ilana Haas, Elon Lahat, Ygal Griton, Pavel Shmulevsky, Stanislav Shichman, Guy Elad, Chagay Kammar, Ori Yaslovich, Shai Kendror, Anat Ben-Ari, Haim Paran
BACKGROUND: Urgent laparoscopic cholecystectomy has been established as the best treatment for acute cholecystitis. However, conservative treatment is advocated for high-risk patients. Failure of conservative treatment can result in high-risk operations with relatively high rates of operative morbidity. Percutaneous cholecystostomy is a good option for these patients. Recently, percutaneous aspiration of the gall bladder without drain has been described. METHODS: A protocol of initial conservative management in high-operative-risk patients admitted with acute cholecystitis was prospectively assessed...
May 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
A A Ramzanali Damani, Sadiqa Haider, Hazrat Bilal, Sughra Perveen
BACKGROUND: The laparoscopic surgery has opened a new era in the field of surgery. Currently, it is accepted as the "gold standard" in the treatment of symptomatic cholelithiasis. However, laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) performed for acute cholecystitis is technically difficult because of severe inflammatory adhesions and distortion of the biliary anatomy. The objective of this study was to compare the frequency, mean operative time and length of hospital stay in patients of acute and chronic cholecystitis undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
January 2015: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Vishal Sharma, Surinder S Rana, Deepak K Bhasin
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) has emerged as an important diagnostic and therapeutic modality in the field of gastrointestinal endoscopy. EUS provides access to many organs and lesions which are in proximity to the gastrointestinal tract and thus giving an opportunity to target them for therapeutic and diagnostic purposes. This modality also provides a real time opportunity to target the required area while avoiding adjacent vascular and other structures. Therapeutic EUS has found role in management of pancreatic fluid collections, biliary and pancreatic duct drainage in cases of failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, drainage of gallbladder, celiac plexus neurolysis/blockage, drainage of mediastinal and intra-abdominal abscesses and collections and in targeted cancer chemotherapy and radiotherapy...
June 10, 2015: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
A Priya Margaret, P John Solomon, Harita Lohith
A rare case of typhoid presenting with thrombocytopenia, hyponatremia, ascites mesenteric adenitis, and multi-drug resistance is being presented in this article. An 8-year-old girl was admitted with a history of fever, vomiting, abdominal pain and loose stools. Clinical examination revealed fever and hepatosplenomegaly. Investigations showed leucopenia, thrombocytopenia and hyponatremia. Blood Widal was positive, and blood culture grew Salmonella typhi. Ultrasound abdomen revealed ascites, hepatosplenomegaly, mesenteric lymphadenopathy and thickening of the gall bladder...
April 2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Helen C Miller, Mark Kidd, Irvin M Modlin, Patrizia Cohen, Roberto Dina, Panagiotis Drymousis, Panagiotis Vlavianos, Günter Klöppel, Andrea Frilling
Pancreatic neoplasms producing exclusively glucagon associated with glucagon cell hyperplasia of the islets and not related to hereditary endocrine syndromes have been recently described. They represent a novel entity within the panel of non-syndromic disorders associated with hyperglucagonemia. This case report describes a 36-year-old female with a 10 years history of non-specific abdominal pain. No underlying cause was evident despite extensive diagnostic work-up. More recently she was diagnosed with gall bladder stones...
April 27, 2015: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Tiffany Priyanthi Hennedige, Wee Thong Neo, Sudhakar Kundapur Venkatesh
Malignancies of the biliary tract include cholangiocarcinoma, gallbladder cancers and carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater. Biliary tract adenocarcinomas are the second most common primary hepatobiliary cancer. Due to their slow growing nature, non-specific and late symptomatology, these malignancies are often diagnosed in advanced stages with poor prognosis. Apart from incidental discovery of gall bladder carcinoma upon cholecystectomy, early stage biliary tract cancers are now detected with computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP)...
2014: Cancer Imaging: the Official Publication of the International Cancer Imaging Society
Rajani Sinha, Sanjay Sengupta, Subrata Pal, Anindya Adhikari
Lymphatic filariasis is endemic in India and South-East Asia. Detection of microfilaria is infrequently reported during cytological evaluation of various lesions or body cavity fluids. Microfilariae in cytological smears of few benign and malignant neoplasms have also been reported. Here we present a very rare case of presence of microfilariae in a smear from ultrasound guided fine-needle aspiration of gallbladder adenocarcinoma. The present patient is probably the second reported case in the literature harboring occult filariasis in association with gallbladder carcinoma...
July 2014: Journal of Cytology
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