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Oral Fibro-osseous lesions

Abdurrazaq Olanrewaju Taiwo, Ramat Oyebunmi Braimah, Adebayo Aremu Ibikunle, Mutiat Feyisetan Obileye, Nma Muhammed Jiya, Saddiku Malami Sahabi, Idris Kabiru Jaja
Background: Maxillofacial tumours in children and adolescents have been documented worldwide; however, few studies were reported from Africa, especially sub-Saharan Africa. In Nigeria, most of the studies emanated from the Southwest region. Aim: To present an audit of clinicopathologic features and treatment of orofacial tumours in children and adolescents in Sokoto, Northwest Nigeria. Patients and Methods: Clinicopathologic records of the Departments of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Paediatrics and Histopathology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria, were reviewed for all the oral and maxillofacial tumours managed in children <19 years from January 2011 to December 2015...
July 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
R Boeddinghaus, A Whyte
Maxillofacial imaging encompasses radiology of the teeth and jaws, including the temporomandibular joints. Modalities used include intra-oral radiographs, panoramic tomography, cephalograms, cone-beam computed tomography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, and radionuclide imaging. Common indications for imaging are impacted and supernumerary teeth, dental implants, inflammatory dental disease, and fibro-osseous lesions, cysts, and masses of the jaws. Osteonecrosis of the jaws may follow radiotherapy or the use of bisphosphonates and other drugs...
January 2018: Clinical Radiology
Sarah Fenerty, Wei Shaw, Rahul Verma, Ali B Syed, Riya Kuklani, Jie Yang, Sayed Ali
Florid cemento-osseous dysplasia (FCOD) is a rare, benign, multifocal fibro-osseous dysplastic process affecting tooth-bearing areas of the jaw, characterized by replacement of normal trabecular bone with osseous tissue and dense acellular cementum in a fibrous stroma. It is one clinicopathologic variant in a spectrum of related non-neoplastic fibro-osseous lesions known as cemento-osseous dysplasias (CODs), thought to arise from elements of the periodontal ligament. Diagnosis primarily relies upon radiographic and clinical findings; unnecessary biopsy should be avoided, as inoculation with oral pathogens may precipitate chronic infection in these hypovascular lesions...
May 2017: Skeletal Radiology
M Maccotta, L Radoï
INTRODUCTION: Florid osseous dysplasia is a rare and benign fibro-osseous pathology, in which bone is replaced by fibrous tissue and metaplastic bone. It can remain asymptomatic for a long time and is most often discovered incidentally during a radiological examination. Sometimes, patients are seen because of an infectious complication. OBSERVATION: An edentulous 62 years-old woman was referred for a painful mandibular swelling preventing insertion of her removable denture...
December 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
Megan Sullivan, George Gallagher, Vikki Noonan
BACKGROUND: A preponderance of periapical radiolucencies are of inflammatory etiology (radicular cysts or periapical granulomas) secondary to pulpal disease. In some instances, however, a suspected periapical inflammatory lesion is not a consequence of pulpal disease but instead represents a lesion of noninflammatory origin. The differential diagnosis for such lesions is broad, ranging from odontogenic cysts and tumors to metastatic disease. As the biological behavior of such lesions is varied, the distinction between inflammatory odontogenic periapical lesions and lesions of noninflammatory origin in a periapical location is critical...
August 2016: Journal of the American Dental Association
Débora Delai, Anarela Bernardi, Gabriela Santos Felippe, Cleonice da Silveira Teixeira, Wilson Tadeu Felippe, Mara Cristina Santos Felippe
Florid cemento-osseous dysplasia (FCOD) belongs to the group of fibro-osseous lesions in which normal bone is replaced by fibrous connective tissue and calcified cementum tissue of the avascular type. Among the various types of fibro-osseous lesions, FCOD is one of the most commonly encountered diseases in clinical practice and may involve 3 or 4 of the quadrants. FCOD is located in the periapical regions of teeth, and the lesions are predominantly radiolucent (osteolytic phase), become mixed over time (cementoblast phase), and ultimately become radiopaque (osteogenic phase) with a thin radiolucent peripheral halo...
November 2015: Journal of Endodontics
Prashanti Eachempati, Himanshi Aggarwal, Vidya Shenoy, Mohan Baliga
Fibrous dysplasia is a non-neoplastic hamartomatous developmental fibro-osseous lesion of bone. Monostotic fibrous dysplasia is more common than the polyostotic form and usually involves jaw bones, ribs and femur. Maxillary lesions may extend to involve the maxillary sinus, zygoma, sphenoid bone and floor of the orbit and require surgical intervention resulting in an acquired defect of the involved site. A multidisciplinary team approach involving an oral pathologist, oral surgeon, oral medicine expert and maxillofacial prosthodontist is required for successful treatment and rehabilitation of such patients...
August 5, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
K A Jeevan Kumar, P Krishna Kishore, A P Mohan, V Venkatesh, B Pavan Kumar, Divya Gandla
INTRODUCTION: Fibro-osseous lesions are a diverse group of bone disorders and include developmental, reactive or dysplastic diseases and neoplasms. They share overlapping clinical, radiographic and histopathologic features and demonstrate a wide range of biological behaviour. AIM: To evaluate the characteristics, treatment and outcome of benign fibro-osseous lesions of the jaws. PATIENTS AND METHOD: All patients with fibro-osseous lesions of the jaws treated at the department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the Kamineni Institute of Dental Sciences from 2007 to 2013 were included in this study...
September 2015: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Adnan Unal, Nurcan Yurtsever Kum, Rauf Oguzhan Kum, Aysun Erdogan, Deniz Sozmen Ciliz, Servet Guresci, Muge Ozcan
INTRODUCTION: Fibro-osseous lesions of the skull and facial bones are benign tumors, but they can be mistaken for malignant tumors due to their clinically aggressive behavior. Cemento-ossifying fibroma (COF) is a benign fibro-osseous lesion characterized by slow growth and fibrous and calcified tissue content. COFs are locally destructive lesions causing deformities in the bones. The recurrence risk is high if they are not completely removed. CASE REPORT: In this case report we describe a giant COF mimicking chondrosarcoma in the oral cavity of a 55-year-old woman causing significant facial deformity and feeding problems...
November 14, 2015: Tumori
M Soltero-Rivera, J B Engiles, A M Reiter, J Reetz, J R Lewis, M D Sánchez
Ossifying fibroma (OF) and fibrous dysplasia (FD) are benign, intraosseous, proliferative fibro-osseous lesions (PFOLs) characterized by replacement of normal bone by a fibrous matrix with various degrees of mineralization and ossification. Osteomas are benign tumors composed of mature, well-differentiated bone. Clinical, imaging, and histologic features of 15 initially diagnosed benign PFOLs and osteomas of the canine oral cavity were evaluated. Final diagnoses after reevaluation were as follows: OF (3 cases), FD (4 cases), low-grade osteosarcoma (LG-OSA) (3 cases), and osteoma (5 cases)...
September 2015: Veterinary Pathology
Ranjit Kumar Peravali, H Hari Kishore Bhat, Sreenatha Reddy
Cemento-ossifying fibroma (COF) is a benign fibro osseous lesion of the jaws which has been described as a demarcated or rarely encapsulated neoplasm consisting of fibrous tissue and varying amounts of mineralized material resembling bone and/or cementum (Dinkar et al. in IJDA 2(4):45-47, 2010). Majority of lesions occur in the mandible and only few cases of COFs of the maxillary sinus and bilateral COFs of the mandible have been reported in literature (Dinkar et al. in IJDA 2(4):45-47, 2010; Tamiolakis et al...
March 2015: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Satya Ranjan Misra, Anjali Saigal, Varun Rastogi, Smita R Priyadarshini, Abhishek Ranjan Pati
Central ossifying fibroma (COF) is a rare benign fibro-osseous neoplasm which has a predilection for mandible and is encountered in middle aged women. It arises from mesenchymal blast cells of the periodontal ligament, and with a potential to form fibrous tissue, cementum and bone. It is a well circumscribed lesion mainly comprising of fibrous tissue with varying amounts of bone or cementum or osteo-cementum like tissue. We present an uncommon case of COF of the maxilla in a 35-year-old male who presented with a pus discharging sinus in the maxilla...
January 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Aniket B Jadhav, Aditya Tadinada, Kandasamy Rengasamy, Douglas Fellows, Alan G Lurie
An osteolytic lesion with a small central area of mineralization and sclerotic borders was discovered incidentally in the clivus on the cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) of a 27-year-old male patient. This benign appearance indicated a primary differential diagnosis of non-aggressive lesions such as fibro-osseous lesions and arrested pneumatization. Further, on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the lesion showed a homogenously low T1 signal intensity with mild internal enhancement after post-gadolinium and a heterogeneous T2 signal intensity...
June 2014: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Farzaneh Agha Hosseini, Elham Moslemi
Central ossifying fibroma is a rare, benign fibro-osseous lesion that arises from the periodontal ligament. Periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia is another variant of fibro-osseous lesion which occurs in the anterior region of the mandible of females. Odontoma is a benign odontogenic tumor that contains enamel, dentine cement and pulp tissue. A 46-year-old woman was referred to the Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, with two non-painful swellings on both sides of the mandible, which had been slowly growing over a period of one year...
May 16, 2011: Clinics and Practice
Andrew E Horvai, Richard C Jordan
The canonical Wnt/β-catenin pathway is involved in the formation of craniofacial skeleton and oral tissues. Aberrant nuclear localization of β-catenin protein has been described in several human diseases including a subset of odontogenic tumors thereby suggesting an important role in tumor development. Fibro-osseous lesions of the craniofacial skeleton comprise several neoplastic, and reactive mesenchymal proliferations in which β-catenin status is unknown. To study this, we immunostained 171 fibro-osseous lesions for β-catenin protein and, for lesions with nuclear positivity, sequenced exon 3 of the CTNNB1 gene and exon 15 of the APC gene...
2014: Head and Neck Pathology
Ramesh Krishnan, Maya Ramesh, George Paul
AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the pediatric oral biopsies received between 2002-2011 from a dental and maxillofacial centre in Salem, Tamilnadu, India retrospectively based on age, sex, site and type of the pathologies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of dental and maxillofacial surgery centre were taken and a retrospective evaluation of the pediatric lesions biopsied over a period of ten years (2002-2011) was done. Patients aged 15 years and below were considered as pediatric patients and pathologies were grouped into 8 categories, according to age, gender, anatomic location and pathologic diagnosis...
January 2014: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Shilpa D Kandalgaonkar, Leena A Gharat, Suyog D Tupsakhare, Mahesh H Gabhane
Invasive cervical resorption is a relatively uncommon form of external root resorption exhibiting no external signs. The resorptive condition is often detected by routine radiographic examination. The clinical features vary from a small defect at the gingival margin to a pink coronal discoloration of the tooth crown resulting in ultimate cavitation of the overlying enamel which is painless unless pulpal or periodontal infection supervenes. Radiographic features of lesions vary from well-delineated to irregularly bordered mottled radiolucencies, and these can be confused with dental caries...
December 2013: Journal of International Oral Health: JIOH
Guilherme Mariano Fiuza Leite, Juliana Pelinsari Lana, Vinícius de Carvalho Machado, Flávio Ricardo Manzi, Paulo Eduardo Alencar Souza, Martinho Campolina Rebello Horta
PURPOSE: The mandibular canal is a significant anatomical structure in implant dentistry, and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) is an important diagnostic image modality in this field of dentistry. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequencies of anatomic variations and lesions affecting the mandibular canal in CBCT images of the mandible produced for dental implant planning. METHODS: This cross-sectional study evaluated a sample of 250 CBCT examinations (500 mandibular canals)...
October 2014: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Ahmed O Al Yamani, Maisa O Al Sebaei, Lojain J Bassyoni, Alaa J Badghaish, Hussam H Shawly
This study was conducted to present a comprehensive view of the most common head and neck pathologies among the pediatric and adolescent population of the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Data were collected from the oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) records at King Abdulaziz University Hospital and King Fahad Hospital Jeddah (KFHJ) from the period 1998 to 2009. All patients who were 18 years of age and younger were included in the study. Identified lesions were classified into four categories: cystic, neoplastic, vascular and fibro-osseous...
October 2011: Saudi Dental Journal
Sudeendra Prabhu, S Sharanya, Pooja M Naik, Ashritha Reddy, Vatsala Patil, Sameer Pandey, Alok Mishra, K Rekha
BACKGROUND: Fibro-osseous lesions (FOLs) are one of the commonest entities reported in the head and neck region. However, studies on these groups of lesions on Indian population were not carried out before. So this motivated us to analyze the clinico-pathologic correlation of fibro-osseous lesions reported at our hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was made of all the lesions surgically treated in our hospital. A total of 6,175 biopsies were performed during the study period...
January 2013: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
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