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TMJ Arthroscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638693/management-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-in-inflammatory-arthritis-involvement-of-surgical-procedures
#1
REVIEW
Rory C O'Connor, Fiona Fawthrop, Rami Salha, Andrew J Sidebottom
Many conditions may affect the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), but its incidence in individual joint diseases is low. However, inflammatory arthropathies, particularly rheumatoid and psoriatic arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis, appear to have a propensity for affecting the joint. Symptoms include pain, restriction in mouth opening, locking, and noises, which together can lead to significant impairment. Jaw rest, a soft diet, a bite splint, and medical therapy, including disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and simple analgesia, are the bedrock of initial treatment and will improve most symptoms in most patients...
June 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500876/does-adjunctive-botulinum-toxin-a-reduce-pain-scores-when-combined-with-temporomandibular-joint-arthroscopy-for-the-treatment-of-concomitant-temporomandibular-joint-arthralgia-and-myofascial-pain
#2
Nick Thomas, Sharon Aronovich
PURPOSE: Currently, there is no standard of care for the treatment of refractory myofascial pain and concomitant temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthralgia. This comparative study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of botulinum toxin A (Btx), as an adjunct to TMJ arthroscopy, in this patient population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of patients who underwent TMJ arthroscopy with (Btx group) or without (control group) intramuscular Btx for TMJ arthritis and refractory myofascial pain at the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor) from 2011 through 2014...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487216/patient-specific-factors-predicting-outcome-of-temporomandibular-joint-arthroscopy-a-6-year-retrospective-study
#3
Mattias Ulmner, Carina Kruger-Weiner, Bodil Lund
PURPOSE: Although indications for the surgical treatment of internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and the choice of treatment are debated, arthroscopy seems generally accepted as a minimally invasive alternative. The objective of this study was to investigate various factors and their possible correlation with an unsuccessful outcome of arthroscopic lysis and lavage in patients diagnosed with chronic closed lock, arthralgia with or without concomitant osteoarthritis of the TMJ, or systemic rheumatologic disease with involvement of the TMJ...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471560/arthroscopy-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-closed-lock
#4
Waseem Abboud, Sahar Nadel, Noam Yarom, Ran Yahalom
BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders affect roughly 5% of the population. Chronic closed lock is one of the more common temporomandibular disorders and is characterized by limited mouth opening and various degrees of joint pain and dysfunction. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of arthroscopic lysis and lavage of the TMJ to treat limited mouth opening in patients suffering from chronic closed lock. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of the medical records of 47 patients with chronic closed lock treated with arthroscopic lysis and lavage...
July 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237253/comparison-of-intra-articular-injection-of-plasma-rich-in-growth-factors-versus-hyaluronic-acid-following-arthroscopy-in-the-treatment-of-temporomandibular-dysfunction-a-randomised-prospective-study
#5
Martín Fernández-Ferro, Jacinto Fernández-Sanromán, Andrés Blanco-Carrión, Alberto Costas-López, Annahys López-Betancourt, Jorge Arenaz-Bua, Bogdan Stavaru Marinescu
PURPOSE: The main objective of our study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the injection of plasma rich in platelet-derived growth factors (PRGF) versus hyaluronic acid (HA) following arthroscopic surgery in patients diagnosed with internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) with osteoarthritis (OA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 patients were randomised into two study groups. Group A (n = 50) received an injection of PRGF, and Group B (n = 50) received an injection of HA...
April 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132759/temporomandibular-lavage-versus-nonsurgical-treatments-for-temporomandibular-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Carl Bouchard, Jean-Paul Goulet, Mehdi El-Ouazzani, Alexis F Turgeon
PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) lavage (arthrocentesis or arthroscopy) for the treatment of temporomandibular disorders in reducing pain and improving jaw motion. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing TMJ lavage with conservative measures. The data sources were MEDLINE, Embase, CENTRAL (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials), Scopus, Web of Science, and reference lists of relevant articles...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127978/surgical-treatment-of-condylar-head-fractures-the-way-to-minimize-the-postraumatic-tmj-ankylosis
#7
D Hirjak, V Machon, M Beno, B Galis, I Kupcova
Management of condylar head fractures (CHF) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) remains a source of controversy. Based on established literature, group of CHFs and conservative treatment connected with period of maxillomandibular fixation (MMF) increases the risk for TMJ ankylosis. This paper presents anatomical and functional results of surgical treatment of condylar head fractures in a group of 24 patients (29 joints). Fractures were diagnosed based on conventional radiographs and computed tomography (CT) scans...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908573/does-the-age-of-a-patient-affect-the-outcome-of-temporomandibular-joint-arthroscopic-surgery
#8
Jungsuk Cho, Howard Israel
PURPOSE: Although temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders encompass all age groups, it is generally considered to affect young to middle-age adults. The aim of this investigation was to study patients who met the criteria for TMJ arthroscopy and to determine whether there was a difference in outcomes between younger and older patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of patients who underwent TMJ operative arthroscopy. The primary variable studied was patient age...
June 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836550/temporomandibular-joint-tmj-arthroscopic-lysis-and-lavage-outcomes-and-rate-of-progression-to-open-surgery
#9
Omar Breik, Vishakha Devrukhkar, George Dimitroulis
PURPOSE: Arthroscopic lysis and lavage has been shown to be effective in the management of a variety of TMJ (Temporomandibular joint) diseases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the medium to long-term outcomes of TMJ arthroscopic lysis and lavage and determine factors associated with progression to open surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of a single operator series was performed over a 6-year period from 2006 to 2012. The variables of gender, age and category (Dimitroulis classification) were compared to evaluate factors associated with success of arthroscopy and progression to open surgery...
December 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777818/trapeziometacarpal-ligaments-biomechanical-study-implications-in-arthroscopy
#10
Mireia Esplugas, Alex Lluch-Bergada, Nathalie Mobargha, Manuel Llusa-Perez, Elisabet Hagert, Marc Garcia-Elias
Purpose In the presence of early osteoarthritis, changes to the trapeziometacarpal joint (TMJ) often result in pain and is associated with joint instability and a tendency of dorsoradial subluxation. In these instances, arthroscopy may be indicated to: (1) assess the extent of cartilage disease and the laxity of ligaments and to (2) treat TMJ instability. The purpose of our study was to biomechanically analyze which ligaments are the primary stabilizers of the TMJ. Methods Overall, 11 fresh-frozen human cadaver specimens were dissected and attached to a testing device with the thumb positioned in neutral abduction, neutral flexion, and neutral opposition...
November 2016: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769739/open-surgery-assisted-with-arthroscopy-to-treat-synovial-chondromatosis-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#11
G Bai, C Yang, Y Qiu, M Chen
Open surgery and arthroscopy for the treatment of synovial chondromatosis (SC) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) have their advantages and disadvantages. The aim of this study was to report the application and results of the combined use of these two methods in the treatment of SC and the indications for use. A total of 36 patients with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) confirmation of SC, treated from 2010 to 2015, were included. Patients with tumours in the upper articular cavity and with the extended margin of the medial groove still in-between the medial crest of the condyle and infratemporal space on coronal MRI were selected to undergo open surgery with the assistance of arthroscopy to clear the loose bodies and affected synovium...
February 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726907/septic-arthritis-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-caused-by-rare-bacteria-raoultella-ornithinolytica
#12
J Levorova, V Machon, A Guha, R Foltan
Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is an unusual disease in adults. Inoculation of the pathogen may occur through traumatic or iatrogenic injuries, or more often by haematogenous spread from a distant focus. The cause of infection is unknown in most cases. A case of ostensibly mild septic arthritis of the TMJ with a good response to antibiotic therapy and lavage, but that finally led to fatal destruction of the joint structures in a 38-year-old female patient, is reported herein. The infection was caused by Raoultella ornithinolytica - a rare bacterial species in humans, which has not been reported previously in any patients with joint problems...
January 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687056/training-in-surgery-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-the-uk-trainers-perspective
#13
Ross Elledge, Jason Green, Alan Attard
Surgery of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is increasingly recognised as a subspecialist area of interest within our specialty and many procedures such as arthroscopy, arthroplasty, and replacement of the TMJ are becoming increasingly centralised and restricted to certain regions. We previously made a national survey of trainees and have sought to augment this with a survey of trainers to find out the nature of practice and patterns of referral nationally. We have also examined the consultants' expectations of competent final-year trainees...
January 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595091/septic-arthritis-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-a-case-report
#14
Sung-Won Yang, Jin-Yong Cho, Hyeon-Min Kim
Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a rare disease. The most common symptoms of this disease are acute malocclusion, limited mouth opening, swelling, and tenderness of affected TMJ. These symptoms are often confused with internal derangement of the articular disc, rheumatoid arthritis, retrodiscitis, or osteoarthritis. Therefore, differential diagnosis by image examination is required. Usually, antimicrobial treatment and surgical drainage by needle aspiration, arthroscopy, or arthrotomy are effective treatment approaches...
August 2016: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544817/-temporomandibular-joint-disc-surgery
#15
REVIEW
J Potier, J-M Maes, R Nicot, T Dumousseau, M Cotelle, J Ferri
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders are a common disease and may be responsible for major functional and painful repercussions. Treatment is not consensual. The literature highlights the role of conservative treatments (physiotherapy, analgesics, splints) in a first attempt. Minimally invasive surgical techniques (arthroscopy, arthrocentesis) have developed rapidly in recent decades. They have proven effective and reliable, especially in patients suffering from irreducible or reducible anterior disc dislocation or presenting with arthopathies...
September 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523442/-tmj-arthroscopy-a-review
#16
REVIEW
J M Foletti, F Cheynet, N Graillon, L Guyot, C Chossegros
INTRODUCTION: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction associates pain, limited mouth opening and joint noise. Failures of conservative treatments may lead to arthroscopy. The aim of our study was to evaluate the current interest of arthroscopy in the treatment of TMJ dysfunction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using the keywords "TMJ" and "Arthroscopy", 1668 articles were found in the Sciencedirect database. We selected 17 papers published between September 2012 and May 2016...
September 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504269/incidence-of-foramen-of-huschke-in-south-andhra-population-of-india
#17
P Sharmila Bhanu, K Devi Sankar
INTRODUCTION: Foramen of Huschke (FH) is an opening present in anteroinferior wall of External Acoustic Meatus (EAM) on the tympanic plate of temporal bone. The developing tympanic ring normally gets closed by the age of 5 years, if not, leads to the persistence of FH, shows a communication between the EAM and mandibular fossa of temporal bone. AIM: The aim of the present study was to report on the incidence of FH in adult skulls and individual temporal bones, belonging to South Coastal Andhra population...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443801/complications-of-temporomandibular-joint-arthroscopy-using-two-portal-coblation-technologies-a-prospective-study-of-475-procedures
#18
Jacinto Fernández Sanromán, Alberto Costas López, Martín Fernández Ferro, Annahys López de Sánchez, Bogdan Stavaru, Jorge Arenaz Bua
PURPOSE: To study the complications of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthroscopic procedures using two-portal coblation technologies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 397 consecutive patients (475 joints) who underwent arthroscopic surgery were prospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Complications were observed in 39 (8.21%) procedures. Complications recognized during or immediately after surgery were observed in 25 cases (5.26%). Vascular injury in the points of trocar insertion was observed in seven cases...
September 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435499/training-in-surgery-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-perceptions-of-trainees-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-in-the-united-kingdom
#19
R Elledge, B Speculand, J Green, A Attard
Surgery of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is emerging as a subspecialty in its own right within Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMFS). Recent guidelines on training and practice within this area have laid down standards of competence in certain procedures, and asked for evidence of "exposure" to others at the point of completion of higher training in OMFS. Provision of surgery of the TMJ is becoming more centralised within tertiary referral centres, with resulting disparity in opportunities for clinical experience in different training regions...
October 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27292528/relapsing-polychondritis-concomitant-with-synovial-chondromatosis-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#20
Firat Selvi, Justin Messina, William C Faquin, David A Keith
Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a rare, multisystem autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation, structural damage, and impaired function of cartilaginous tissues throughout the body. In the craniofacial region, this rare disease has been reported to affect structures of the ear and nose; however, reports of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involvement are scarce. A second uncommon disorder of cartilage is synovial chondromatosis (SC), a progressive and proliferative disorder of the synovial membrane associated with the formation of variably sized cartilaginous and calcified loose bodies, often causing dysfunction of the joints and enlargement of the joint capsule...
November 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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