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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503386/mechanical-thrombectomy-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-after-cardiac-surgery
#1
Ali S Haider, Prabhat Garg, Ian T Watson, Dean Leonard, Umair Khan, Ahmed Haque, Phu Nguyen, Kennith F Layton
Ischemic stroke is a rare yet devastating complication that may occur following cardiothoracic surgery. Fibrinolytic treatment is contraindicated due to elevated risk for hemorrhage. Mechanical thrombectomy entails a catheterized approach wherein the thrombus is physically removed from the vessel without the use of fibrinolytics, minimizing the possibility of intracranial hemorrhage. Here, we present two original cases of mechanical thrombectomy as treatment for patients experiencing emergent large vessel occlusion following cardiothoracic surgery...
April 11, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491085/stenting-versus-non-stenting-treatment-of-intermediate-stenosis-culprit-lesion-in-acute-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-a-multicenter-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Jing Dai, Shu-Zheng Lyu, Yun-Dai Chen, Xian-Tao Song, Min Zhang, Wei-Min Li, Yang Zheng, Shang-Yu Wen, Shao-Ping Nie, Yu-Jie Zeng, Hai Gao, Yi-Tong Ma, Shu-Yang Zhang, Li-Jun Guo, Zheng Zhang
BACKGROUND: The benefit/risk ratio of stenting in acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with single vessel intermediate stenosis culprit lesions merits further study, therefore the subject of the present study. METHODS AND RESULTS: It was a prospective, multicenter, randomized controlled trial. Between April 2012 and July 2015, 399 acute STEMI patients with single vessel disease and intermediate (40%-70%) stenosis of the culprit lesion before or after aspiration thrombectomy and/or intracoronary tirofiban (15 µg/kg) were enrolled and were randomly assigned (1: 1) to stenting group (n = 201) and non-stenting group (n = 198)...
February 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468787/inflammatory-differences-in-plaque-erosion-and-rupture-in-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#3
Sujay Chandran, Johnathan Watkins, Amina Abdul-Aziz, Manar Shafat, Patrick A Calvert, Kristian M Bowles, Marcus D Flather, Stuart A Rushworth, Alisdair D Ryding
BACKGROUND: Plaque erosion causes 30% of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions, but the underlying cause is unknown. Inflammatory infiltrates are less abundant in erosion compared with rupture in autopsy studies. We hypothesized that erosion and rupture are associated with significant differences in intracoronary cytokines in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients with <6 hours of chest pain were classified as ruptured fibrous cap (RFC) or intact fibrous cap (IFC) using optical coherence tomography...
May 3, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455489/st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-with-acute-stent-thrombosis-presenting-as-intractable-hiccups-an-unusual-case
#4
Fan Zhang, Nosakhare Douglas Tongo, Victoria Hastings, Parisa Kanzali, Ziqiang Zhu, Hal Chadow, Shahrokh E Rafii
BACKGROUND Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) can present with atypical chest pain or symptoms not attributed to heart disease, such as indigestion. Hiccups, a benign and self-limited condition, can become persistent or intractable with overlooked underlying etiology. There are various causes of protracted hiccups, including metabolic abnormalities, psychogenic disorders, malignancy, central nervous system pathology, medications, pulmonary disorders, or gastrointestinal etiologies. It is rarely attributed to cardiac disease...
April 29, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409835/long-term-outcomes-with-aspiration-thrombectomy-for-patients-undergoing-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#5
REVIEW
Akram Y Elgendy, Islam Y Elgendy, Ahmed N Mahmoud, Anthony A Bavry
Randomized clinical trials that examined long-term clinical outcomes of routine aspiration thrombectomy prior to primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction have yielded different results. We hypothesized that the routine use of manual thrombus aspiration prior to primary PCI lacks long-term clinical benefits. Electronic databases were searched for randomized trials comparing routine aspiration thrombectomy and conventional PCI. We included only trials that reported clinical outcomes beyond 6 months...
April 13, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382271/acute-limb-ischemia-and-coronary-artery-disease-in-a-case-of-kimura-s-disease
#6
Woon Heo, Hee Jae Jun, Do Kyun Kang, Ho-Ki Min, Youn-Ho Hwang, Ji Yong Kim, Kyung Han Nam
Kimura disease (KD) is an immune-mediated chronic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology. KD has many complications associated with hypereosinophilia, including various forms of allergic reactions and eosinophilic lung disease. Additionally, hypereosinophilia is associated with hypercoagulability, which may lead to thromboembolic events. A 36-year-old man with KD presented with acute limb ischemia and coronary artery occlusion. He underwent thrombectomy, partial endarterectomy of both popliteal arteries, and coronary artery stent insertion...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381215/a-case-of-successful-reperfusion-through-a-combination-of-intracoronary-thrombolysis-and-aspiration-thrombectomy-in-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-associated-with-an-ectatic-coronary-artery
#7
Yonggu Lee, Eunjin Kim, Bae Keun Kim, Jeong-Hun Shin
BACKGROUND: Large thrombus burdens in ectatic coronary arteries that remain after aspiration thrombectomy can negatively impact outcomes following percutaneous coronary interventions in patients with acute myocardial infarction. CASE PRESENTATION: A 53-year-old man presented with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Coronary angiography revealed an ectatic right coronary artery (RCA) that was completely occluded in the mid portion by a large amount of thrombus...
April 5, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374677/the-first-reported-stentriever-based-thrombectomy-in-acute-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-due-to-paradoxical-coronary-embolism
#8
Vladimir Manchurov, Kirill Anisimov, Valentina Khokhlova, Dmitry Skrypnik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365297/endovascular-therapy-for-acute-stroke
#9
REVIEW
Maria Politi, Andreas Kastrup, Konstantinos Marmagkiolis, Iris Q Grunwald, Panagiotis Papanagiotou
Stroke is the most common cause of permanent disability, the second most common cause of dementia, and the fourth most common cause of death in the Western world. Recently, based on positive multicenter randomized clinical trials, endovascular therapy for acute stroke has undergone a revolution. Routine mechanical thrombectomy in addition to intravenous thrombolysis has been shown to provide excellent outcomes for patients with proximal anterior circulation occlusions. This procedure reduces disability and benefits are seen across a wide range of age and initial stroke severity...
March 30, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329239/removal-of-a-giant-left-ventricular-thrombus-after-myocardial-infarction-due-to-dissection-of-left-anterior-descending-artery
#10
Philipp C Seppelt, Andreas Brcic, Matthias Karck, Gábor Szabó
Left ventricular thrombus is a frequent complication after myocardial infarction and is associated with high risk for arterial embolic complications. In addition to oral anticoagulation, surgical thrombectomy may be a promising treatment for large and mobile thrombus. We report the rare case of a 27-year-old patient who presented with a giant left ventricular thrombus after expanded and silent myocardial infarction caused by spontaneous dissection of the left anterior descending coronary artery. As conservative therapy by oral anticoagulation had failed, the thrombus was removed by performing left ventriculotomy...
February 27, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191743/manual-thrombectomy-efficiency-in-relationship-to-the-area-at-risk-in-patients-with-myocardial-infarction-with-timi-0-1-coronary-flow-insights-from-an-all-comers-registry
#11
André Luz, Inês Silveira, Bruno Brochado, Patrícia Rodrigues, Maria João Sousa, Raquel Santos, Maria Trêpa, Mário Santos, João Silveira, Severo Torres, Adelino F Leite-Moreira, Henrique Carvalho
OBJECTIVES: To review the effectiveness of manual thrombectomy (MT) in a series of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) exclusively presenting with TIMI 0-1 flow undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), in accordance to the angiographically estimated area at risk (AAR). Second, to assess major in-hospital clinical events, emphasizing neurological outcomes. BACKGROUND: The routine utilization of MT in STEMI is not recommended. However, in recent trials, a significant proportion of patients had neither large thrombus burden nor a totally occluded coronary segment, neutralizing the expected benefits of MT...
February 13, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185942/the-effects-of-pharmaceutical-thrombolysis-and-multi-modal-therapy-on-patients-with-acute-posterior-circulation-ischemic-stroke-results-of-a-one-center-retrospective-study
#12
Yang Yang, Chunyang Liang, Chunsen Shen, Hao Tang, Shang Ma, Qiang Zhang, Mou Gao, Qin Dong, Ruxiang Xu
BACKGROUND: The treatment method for acute ischemic stroke is rapidly developing, and the effects of endovascular modalities, when used alone or in combination, needs to be studied. We aimed to identify the difference between pharmaceutical thrombolysis and multi-modal therapy (MMT) used in acute posterior circulation ischemic stroke (APCIS) patients and also to detect the predictors for successful recanalization and favorable outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients with APCIS who received thrombolytic pharmaceuticals and MMT from 2011 to 2016 was performed at the stroke center...
March 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169555/aspiration-thrombectomy-and-intracoronary-tirofiban-via-guideliner-%C3%A2-catheter-for-a-thrombosed-aneurysmal-vessel
#13
James Fry, Ali Naqvi, Amit Bahia, Arnold Seto
A 52-year-old Asian male with no traditional risk factors for coronary artery disease presented with acute coronary syndrome. Coronary angiography showed complete thrombotic occlusion of the left circumflex with a large thrombus burden in the setting of diffuse aneurysmal enlargement of the coronary arteries consistent with antecedent Kawasaki disease. Manual thrombectomy with adjunctive intracoronary tirofiban was performed utilizing the GuideLiner catheter. Stent implantation was deferred. Follow-up imaging 48 h later showed preserved coronary flow and decreased thrombus burden...
February 7, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121950/coronary-artery-ectasia-presenting-with-thrombus-embolization-and-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-case-report
#14
Yongle Li, Chengcheng Wu, Wennan Liu
RATIONALE: Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is characterized by an abnormal dilatation of the coronary arteries. CAE is often associated with the presence of slow coronary flow and may lead to acute myocardial infarction (AMI), even without total occlusion. PATIENT CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSIS: We report a case of a 24-year-old male patient with CAE suffering from AMI. INTERVENTIONS: Percutaneous coronary intervention with aspiration thrombectomy failed to restore adequate blood flow...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109870/stent-based-mechanical-thrombectomy-in%C3%A2-left-main-coronary-artery-thrombus-presenting-as-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#15
Nish Patel, Amit Badiye, Dileep R Yavagal, Cesar E Mendoza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025722/quantified-coronary-frequency-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-signal-analysis-for-the-evaluation-of-erythrocyte-rich-thrombus-ex-vivo-validation-study
#16
Yoshitaka Shiratori, Masato Watanabe, Nobuaki Suzuki, Toshio Fukusato, Ken Kozuma
Previous study has demonstrated that erythrocyte-rich thrombi contain more inflammatory cells and reflect high thrombus burden, leading to impaired myocardial reperfusion in myocardial infarction. The aim of this study is to investigate the utility of quantified frequency domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) signal analysis in evaluating the erythrocyte-rich thrombus with ex-vivo materials. We evaluated 54 specimens of coronary artery thrombus obtained by thrombectomy catheter from 8 patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention...
December 26, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970316/tct-146-routine-aspiration-thrombectomy-is-associated-with-increased-stroke-rates-during-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-for-myocardial-infarction
#17
Oliver Guttmann, Dhanuka Perera, Ajay Jain, Anthony Mathur, Andrew Wragg, Daniel Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941066/thrombus-aspiration-in-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-an-individual-patient-meta-analysis-thrombectomy-trialists-collaboration
#18
Sanjit S Jolly, Stefan James, Vladimír Džavík, John A Cairns, Karim D Mahmoud, Felix Zijlstra, Salim Yusuf, Goran K Olivecrona, Henrik Renlund, Peggy Gao, Bo Lagerqvist, Ashraf Alazzoni, Sasko Kedev, Goran Stankovic, Brandi Meeks, Ole Frøbert
BACKGROUND: Thrombus aspiration during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for the treatment of ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has been widely used; however, recent trials have questioned its value and safety. In this meta-analysis, we, the trial investigators, aimed to pool the individual patient data from these trials to determine the benefits and risks of thrombus aspiration during PCI in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. METHODS: Included were large (n≥1000), randomized, controlled trials comparing manual thrombectomy and PCI alone in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction...
January 10, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891513/clinic-predictive-factors-for-insufficient-myocardial-reperfusion-in-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-patients-treated-with-selective-aspiration-thrombectomy-during-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#19
Jinfan Tian, Yue Liu, Xiantao Song, Min Zhang, Feng Xu, Fei Yuan, Shuzheng Lyu
Background. Insufficient data are available on the potential benefit of selective aspiration and clinical predictors for no-reflow in STEMI patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) adjunct with aspiration thrombectomy. Objective. The aim of our study was to investigate clinical predictors for insufficient reperfusion in patients with high thrombus burden treated with PPCI and manual aspiration thrombectomy. Methods. From January 2011 till December 2015, 277 STEMI patients undergoing manual aspiration thrombectomy and PPCI were selected and 202 patients with a Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) thrombus grade 4~5 were eventually involved in our study...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887648/the-potential-hazard-of-drug-eluting-stent-induced-coronary-vasospasm-causing-subacute-stent-thrombosis-a-case-report
#20
Hiroki Shibutani, Yuzo Akita, Yumie Matsui, Masahiro Yoshinaga, Masahiro Karakawa
BACKGROUND: Drug-eluting stent (DES) -induced coronary vasospasm is a well known phenomenon after stent implantation; however, the extent of this risk is still unknown. We report a case in which DES-induced severe coronary vasospasm was clinically suspected as a cause of subacute stent thrombosis (ST). CASE PRESENTATION: A 67-year-old man came to our hospital due to chest pain with mild exercise. He was diagnosed with effort angina by coronary angiography and underwent DES implantation in the mid-left ascending artery (LAD) after the administration of dual anti-platelet therapy...
November 25, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
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