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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818243/mental-health-problems-and-cancer-risk-factors-among-young-adults
#1
Greta M Massetti, Cheryll C Thomas, Jessica King, Kathleen Ragan, Natasha Buchanan Lunsford
INTRODUCTION: Chronic mental health problems often emerge in young adulthood, when adults begin to develop lifelong health behaviors and access preventive health services. The associations between mental health problems and modifiable cancer risk factors in young adulthood are not well understood. METHODS: In 2016, the authors analyzed 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data on demographic characteristics, health service access and use, health status, and cancer risk factors (tobacco use, alcohol use, overweight or obesity, physical activity, and sleep) for 90,821 young adults aged 18-39 years with mental health problems (depressive disorder or frequent mental distress) compared to other young adults...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815007/appropriate-selection-for-omalizumab-treatment-in-patients-with-severe-asthma
#2
Leo Nygaard, Daniel Pilsgaard Henriksen, Hanne Madsen, Jesper Rømhild Davidsen
Background: Omalizumab improves asthma control in patients with uncontrolled severe allergic asthma; however, appropriate patient selection is crucial. Information in this field is sparse. Objective: We aimed to estimate whether potential omalizumab candidates were appropriately selected according to guidelines, and the clinical effect of omalizumab treatment over time. Design: We performed a retrospective observational study on adult patients with asthma treated with omalizumab during 2006-2015 at the Department of Respiratory Medicine at Odense University Hospital (OUH), Denmark...
2017: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815006/biomarkers-in-inflammometry-pediatric-asthma-utility-in-daily-clinical-practice
#3
REVIEW
Silvia Sánchez-García, Alicia Habernau Mena, Santiago Quirce
Asthma is a common disease in both high and lower income countries that starts early and persists often for life. A correct and accurate diagnosis, treatment and follow-up during childhood are essential for a better understanding of adult asthma and avoiding over- or under-treatment. Th2 inflammation in children with asthma symptoms is usually assessed by measuring with serum total IgE, blood eosinophilia and FeNO levels that may help to predict asthma, particularly in those infants and young children in whom lung function tests are difficult to perform...
2017: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814959/poor-sleep-is-highly-associated-with-house-dust-mite-allergic-rhinitis-in-adults-and-children
#4
Damien Leger, Bénédicte Bonnefoy, Bernard Pigearias, Bertrand de La Giclais, Antoine Chartier
BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are often underreported to physicians by patients with allergies. This study aimed to characterize the sleep disorders associated with respiratory allergy to house dust mites (HDM) at the time of initiation of sublingual allergen immunotherapy (SLIT) in routine clinical practice. METHODS: This prospective, cross-sectional, observational study was conducted between November 2014 and March 2015 at 189 French trial sites and included 1750 participants suffering from HDM allergy who were initiating SLIT...
2017: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814357/association-of-aeroallergen-sensitization-and-atopic-disease-in-the-sonoran-desert
#5
Ryan D Buckley, Tara F Carr
BACKGROUND: Numerous aeroallergens have been associated with the development of asthma, including Alternaria, house-dust mite, and pet dander. Tucson, Arizona, is located in the Sonoran Desert, which has the highest diversity of vegetation of any desert in the world. Given the unique pollen profile in this region, we sought to identify the most common aeroallergens associated with rhinitis and asthma diagnosis in the local adult population. OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of aeroallergen sensitivity in the Tucson adult population and to identify which aeroallergens are associated with a diagnosis of asthma...
September 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813514/the-helicobacter-pylori-type-iv-secretion-system-promotes-il-8-synthesis-in-a-model-of-pediatric-airway-epithelium-via-p38-map-kinase
#6
Myra G Dela Pena-Ponce, Monica T Jimenez, Lori M Hansen, Jay V Solnick, Lisa A Miller
Epidemiologic studies have reported an inverse relationship between childhood Helicobacter pylori infection and development of allergic asthma. Because lung epithelium plays an important role in allergic asthma pathogenesis, we hypothesized that H. pylori may directly influence airway epithelial cell innate immune function, particularly in early childhood. To test our hypothesis, we established an in vitro H. pylori infection model using primary tracheobronchial epithelial cell cultures derived from infant, juvenile and adult rhesus monkeys...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810625/inhaled-corticosteroids-improve-lung-function-airway-hyper-responsiveness-and-airway-inflammation-but-not-symptom-control-in-patients-with-mild-intermittent-asthma-a-meta-analysis
#7
Wei Du, Ling Zhou, Yingmeng Ni, Yuanyuan Yu, Fang Wu, Guochao Shi
It remains controversial whether inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) should be used in patients with intermittent asthma. The present study aimed to assess the effect of ICS compared with placebo or other therapies in patients with intermittent asthma. Medline, Embase and CNKI databases were searched up to June 2016 and a meta-analysis was conducted. The findings demonstrated that in adult patients, when compared with placebo, ICS increased forced expiratory volume in 1 sec FEV1 [standardized mean difference (SMD), 0...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807558/cost-of-asthma-in-portuguese-adults-a-population-based-cost-of-illness-study
#8
J P Barbosa, M Ferreira-Magalhães, A Sá-Sousa, L F Azevedo, J A Fonseca
INTRODUCTION: Asthma is one of the most frequent chronic diseases, putting a considerable economic burden on societies and individuals. We aimed to estimate the total cost of adult asthma in Portugal, as well as the extent to which direct and indirect costs are influenced by the level of asthma control. METHODS: A nationwide, prevalence-based, cost-of-illness study using a bottom-up approach to calculate direct and indirect costs of asthma was conducted, using participant data from the Portuguese National Asthma Survey (INAsma)...
August 11, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806469/climate-change-effects-on-respiratory-health-implications-for-nursing
#9
Maureen George, Jean-Marie Bruzzese, Lea Ann Matura
PURPOSE: Greenhouse gases are driving climate change. This article explores the adverse health effects of climate change on a particularly vulnerable population: children and adults with respiratory conditions. APPROACH: This review provides a general overview of the effects of increasing temperatures, extreme weather, desertification, and flooding on asthma, chronic obstructive lung disease, and respiratory infections. We offer suggestions for future research to better understand climate change hazards, policies to support prevention and mitigation efforts targeting climate change, and clinical actions to reduce individual risk...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803184/association-of-asthma-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-population-based-case-control-study
#10
Youn Ho Sheen, Mary C Rolfes, Chung-Il Wi, Cindy S Crowson, Richard S Pendegraft, Katherine S King, Euijung Ryu, Young J Juhn
BACKGROUND: TH1 and TH2 cells have counterregulatory relationships. However, the relationship between asthma, a TH2-predominant condition, and risk of systemic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a TH1 condition, is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether asthma was associated with increased risks of incident RA among adults. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective population-based case-control study that examined existing incident RA cases and controls matched by age, sex, and registration year from the general population in Olmsted County, Minnesota, between January 2002 and December 2007...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803182/subphenotypes-of-type-2-severe-asthma-in-adults
#11
Masako Matsusaka, Koichi Fukunaga, Hiroki Kabata, Kenji Izuhara, Koichiro Asano, Tomoko Betsuyaku
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800866/five-year-trends-of-critical-care-practice-and-outcomes
#12
Craig M Lilly, Sunil Swami, Xinggang Liu, Richard R Riker, Omar Badawi
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal analyses of large detailed adult critical care datasets provide insights into practice trends and generate useful outcome and process benchmarks. METHODS: Data representing 991,571 consecutive critical care visits to160 United States adult ICUs during 2009 to 2013 from the eICU Research Institute clinical practice database were used to quantitate patient characteristics, APACHE IV based acuity predictions, treatments, and outcomes. Analyses for changes over time were performed for patient characteristics, entry and discharge locations, primary admission diagnosis, treatments, adherence to consensus ICU best practices, length of stay (LOS), and inpatient mortality...
August 8, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800274/relationships-between-self-reported-asthma-and-pulmonary-function-and-various-measures-of-obesity
#13
Jaeeun Myung, Hyeain Lee, Tae Hyun Kim, Euna Han
OBJECTIVE: We explore the association with self-reported asthma and pulmonary function based on spirometry measurements using different measures to determine obesity because body mass index (BMI) is limited in not differentiating fat and muscle mass. METHODS: A multi-year cross-sectional study using Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data was conducted between July 2008 and May 2011. A total of 9409 subjects were included in the final analysis...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800273/assessing-the-impact-of-a-remote-digital-coaching-engagement-program-on-patient-reported-outcomes-in-asthma
#14
Mazi Rasulnia, Billy Stephen Burton, Robert P Ginter, Tracy Y Wang, Roy Alton Pleasants, Cynthia L Green, Njira Lugogo
BACKGROUND: Low adherence and poor outcomes provide opportunity for digital coaching to engage patients with uncontrolled asthma in their care to improve outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of a remote digital coaching program on asthma control and patient experience. METHODS: We recruited 51 adults with uncontrolled asthma, denoted by albuterol use of > 2 times per week and/or exacerbations requiring corticosteroids, and applied a 12-week patient-centered remote digital coaching program using a combination of educational pamphlets, symptom trackers, best peak flow establishment, physical activity, and dietary counseling, as well as coaches who implemented emotional enforcement  to motivate disease self-management through telephone, text, and email...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799458/effects-of-an-unsupervised-pedometer-based-physical-activity-program-on-daily-steps-of-adults-with-moderate-to-severe-asthma-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Cristina Martins Coelho, Maycon Moura Reboredo, Felipe Martins Valle, Carla Malaguti, Larissa Almeida Campos, Lucas Mendes Nascimento, Erich Vidal Carvalho, Júlio César Abreu Oliveira, Bruno Valle Pinheiro
Supervised exercise has shown benefits for subjects with asthma, but little is known about the effectiveness of unsupervised physical activity on this population. We investigated the effects of a 12-week unsupervised pedometer-based physical activity program on daily steps and on clinical and psychological parameters of adults with asthma. Clinically stable adults with moderate to severe asthma were encouraged to take daily 30-minute walks and were randomized to pedometer and control groups. The pedometer group received pedometers and individualized daily step targets...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796598/prevalence-correlates-and-time-trends-of-multiple-chronic-conditions-among-israeli-adults-estimates-from-the-israeli-national-health-interview-survey-2014-2015
#16
Samah Hayek, Anneke Ifrah, Teena Enav, Tamy Shohat
INTRODUCTION: Chronic diseases constitute a major public health challenge. The prevalence of multiple chronic conditions (MCC) has increased. The objective of our study was to describe the prevalence, correlates, and time trends of MCC in the Israeli population and among the nation's 2 main population groups (Jewish and Arab). METHODS: To describe the prevalence of correlates of MCC, we used data from the 2014-2015 Israeli National Health Interview Survey-III (INHIS-III)...
August 10, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793368/suitability-of-asthma-education-materials-for-school-age-children-implications-for-health-literacy
#17
Yu-Fen Tzeng, Bih-Shya Gau
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the suitability of asthma education materials for school-age children with asthma and elucidated how these children used their health-literacy abilities to identify whether the materials can be accepted, comprehended, and applied. BACKGROUND: Effective asthma self-management education is influenced by the suitability of materials and an individual's health literacy. DESIGN: A mixed-method research design was developed using quantitative and qualitative surveys...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793336/a-systematic-review-of-adverse-drug-events-associated-with-administration-of-common-asthma-medications-in-children
#18
James S Leung, David W Johnson, Arissa J Sperou, Jennifer Crotts, Erik Saude, Lisa Hartling, Antonia Stang
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature and determine frequencies of adverse drug events (ADE) associated with pediatric asthma medications. METHODS: Following PRISMA guidelines, we systematically searched six bibliographic databases between January 1991 and January 2017. Study eligibility, data extraction and quality assessment were independently completed and verified by two reviewers. We included randomized control trials (RCT), case-control, cohort, or quasi-experimental studies where the primary objective was identifying ADE in children 1 month- 18 years old exposed to commercial asthma medications...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791583/using-geospatial-analysis-and-emergency-claims-data-to-improve-minority-health-surveillance
#19
David C Lee, Stella S Yi, Jessica K Athens, Andrew J Vinson, Stephen P Wall, Joseph E Ravenell
Traditional methods of health surveillance often under-represent racial and ethnic minorities. Our objective was to use geospatial analysis and emergency claims data to estimate local chronic disease prevalence separately for specific racial and ethnic groups. We also performed a regression analysis to identify associations between median household income and local disease prevalence among Black, Hispanic, Asian, and White adults in New York City. The study population included individuals who visited an emergency department at least once from 2009 to 2013...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789792/change-in-%C3%AE-2-agonist-use-after-severe-life-events-in-adults-with-asthma-a-population-based-cohort-study-life-events-and-bronchodilator-usage-among-adults-with-asthma
#20
Raija Lietzén, Pekka Virtanen, Mika Kivimäki, Jyrki Korkeila, Sakari Suominen, Lauri Sillanmäki, Markku Koskenvuo, Jussi Vahtera
OBJECTIVE: This prospective, population-based cohort study of 1102 Finnish adults with asthma, examined whether exposure to stressful life events is associated with the intensity of usage of inhaled short-acting β2-agonists. METHODS: Survey data was collected by two postal questionnaires. Baseline characteristics were obtained in 1998 and data on 19 specific stressful events (e.g. death of a child or spouse or divorce) within the six preceding months in 2003. Exposure to life events was indicated by a sum score weighted by mean severity of the events...
September 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
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