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Diabetes, Hearing, Hearing aids

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BACKGROUND: Non-fatal outcomes of disease and injury increasingly detract from the ability of the world's population to live in full health, a trend largely attributable to an epidemiological transition in many countries from causes affecting children, to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) more common in adults. For the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015), we estimated the incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for diseases and injuries at the global, regional, and national scale over the period of 1990 to 2015...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
Min Kwan Baek, Young Saing Kim, Eun Young Kim, Ae Jin Kim, Won-Jun Choi
BACKGROUND: As the global population ages, disabling hearing impairment (HI) have been increased rapidly. The impact of HI on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is of great importance to aid the development of strategic plans and to guide therapeutic interventions. PURPOSE: To evaluate HRQoL in Korean adults with different degrees of HI using EuroQol five-dimensional (EQ-5D) and EQ-visual analogue scale (VAS), the preference-based generic measures of HRQoL. METHODS: Using a representative dataset from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from January 2010 to December 2012, EQ-5D questionnaire and EQ- VAS scores of subjects with HI were compared with those of subjects without HI...
2016: PloS One
S Kalaiselvi, N Ramachandran, D Nair, C Palanivel
Background: Planning of healthcare services at the primary care level needs to account for common prevailing problems and disabilities among elderly in the community to improve their quality of life. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of self-reported morbidities and functional disabilities among the elderly and to find out predictors and barriers of health seeking behavior against functional disabilities. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in two areas from the urban field practice area of a tertiary care institute in Puducherry during January to February 2014...
November 6, 2015: West Indian Medical Journal
S Fortunato, F Forli, V Guglielmi, E De Corso, G Paludetti, S Berrettini, A R Fetoni
Age-related hearing loss (ARHL) has a multifactorial pathogenesis and it is an inevitable hearing impairment associated with reduction of communicative skills related to ageing. Increasing evidence has linked ARHL to more rapid progression of cognitive decline and incidental dementia. Many aspects of daily living of elderly people have been associated to hearing abilities, showing that hearing loss (HL) affects the quality of life, social relationships, motor skills, psychological aspects and function and morphology in specific brain areas...
June 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
Yaowen Wang, Litao Zhang, Jianhua Zhang, Xuqun Zhang, Weimin Zhang, Xing Chen, Shixiong Tang
The objective of this study is to investigate the clinical characteristics of successive bilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) with an interval of more than 1 year to aid the evaluation and management of successive bilateral SSNHL (BSSNHL). 14 successive BSSNHL patients and 118 unilateral SSNHL patients with severe and profound hearing loss were reviewed retrospectively. Information about successive BSSNHL was collected included demographics, the intervals between the attacks of bilateral ears, the past medical history, inducing factors, accompanying symptoms, pure-tone tests, blood tests, b-ultrasound examinations of vertebral artery and carotid artery, and medical interventions...
April 6, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Leen Abu Safieh, Humoud M Al-Otaibi, Richard Alan Lewis, Igor Kozak
UNLABELLED: To report novel mutations in two Saudi children with clinical features of Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) and Alström syndrome. CASE REPORTS: Case 1 was a child with phenotypic features of LCA including oculodigital sign, bilateral enophthalmos, nystagmus, pale disc, and retinal changes. Direct sequencing of the coding sequence of GUCY2D revealed a missense mutation affecting highly conserved position (c. 743C > T; p.S248 L). Case 2 describes a girl with marked nystagmus, photophobia, and retinal changes in both eyes with short and stubby fingers tapering at the distal phalanges...
January 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
Kevin J Contrera, Joshua Betz, Lingsheng Li, Caitlin R Blake, Yoon K Sung, Janet S Choi, Frank R Lin
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To investigate the impact of hearing aid and cochlear implant use on quality of life in adults. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. METHODS: One hundred thirteen adults aged ≥50 years with postlingual hearing loss receiving routine clinical care at a tertiary academic medical center were evaluated with the Medical Outcome Study Short Form-36 before and 6 and 12 months after intervention with hearing aids or cochlear implants...
September 2016: Laryngoscope
Arne Ernst, Ingo Todt, Jan Wagner
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: For many years, the therapeutic approach for conductive and/or mixed hearing loss has consisted of middle ear surgery with replacement of defect ossicles, and if possible the application of a hearing aid. Advances in technology have led to the introduction of electronmagnetic active implantable devices such as the Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB). With its various coupling techniques for different pathophysiological situations in the middle ear, the VSB offers greater improvement in the hearing performance of affected persons...
June 2016: Laryngoscope
M Glessner
The 75th American Diabetes Association (ADA) Scientific Sessions, brought together experts in the diabetes research field to hear hundreds of oral presentations and thousands of poster presentations discussing novel research findings related to diabetes, obesity, fatty liver disease and related medical conditions. A significant number of presentations considered experimental and investigational therapeutic candidates that will potentially aid in the fight against diabetes, which continues to be on the increase worldwide...
June 2015: Drugs of Today
Allison Tsai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2014: Diabetes Forecast
Diana E Fisher, Chuan-Ming Li, Howard J Hoffman, May S Chiu, Christa L Themann, Hannes Petersen, Palmi V Jonsson, Helgi Jonsson, Fridbert Jonasson, Johanna Eyrun Sverrisdottir, Lenore J Launer, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Vilmundur Gudnason, Mary Frances Cotch
OBJECTIVE: We estimate the prevalence of hearing-aid use in Iceland and identify sex-specific factors associated with use. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. STUDY SAMPLE: A total of 5172 age, gene/environment susceptibility - Reykjavik study (AGES-RS) participants, aged 67 to 96 years (mean age 76.5 years), who completed air-conduction and pure-tone audiometry. RESULTS: Hearing-aid use was reported by 23.0% of men and 15...
2015: International Journal of Audiology
Ken Hashimoto, Kenichi Watanabe, Mika Adachi, Tetsuaki Kawase, Toshimitsu Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: External auditory canal cholesteatoma (EACC) is a rare otologic disease, characterized by focal osteonecrosis, sequestration and overlying epithelial loss of the bony external auditory canal (EAC). The etiology and pathogenesis of EACC remain controversial. There are only 2 reports on the association between EACC and chronic renal failure (CRF)/hemodialysis (HD). METHOD & RESULT: (1) This study reviewed seven EACC cases with CRF. The mean age was 68.4 years (range: 56 -81 years), and the male-female ratio was 5:2...
September 2014: Nihon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho
Carlos Alberto Cano, Miguel Germán Borda, Antonio J Arciniegas, Juan Sebastián Parra
INTRODUCTION: The aging of the population is a universal epidemiological phenomenon which is not unfamiliar to us and is accompanied by a marked increase of life expectancy. Age-dependent comorbidities, such as hearing disorders, are more prevalent and affect the quality of life in a noticeable manner. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of hearing disorders, of the associated factors and their impact on the quality of life of older adults in Bogota. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data was taken from the Bogotá SABE Study, which included 2,000 individuals aged =60 years in a probabilistic cross-sectional study sampled by clusters (with 81...
October 2014: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Abdulrahman Abdullah Hagr
Thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder defined by the occurrence of megaloblastic anemia, diabetes mellitus, and bilateral sensorineural deafness, responding in varying degrees to thiamine treatment. We report a precedence case for the treatment of deafness associated with the typical triad of thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia in a 4-year-old boy who showed a poor use of preoperative hearing aids but demonstrated significant improvements in hearing ability 1 year after receiving a cochlear implant...
January 2014: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Rohan L Deraniyagala, Daniel Yeung, William M Mendenhall, Zuofeng Li, Christopher G Morris, Nancy P Mendenhall, Paul Okunieff, Robert S Malyapa
Objectives Skull base chordoma is a rare, locally aggressive tumor located adjacent to critical structures. Gross total resection is difficult to achieve, and proton therapy has the conformal advantage of delivering a high postoperative dose to the tumor bed. We present our experience using proton therapy to treat 33 patients with skull base chordomas. Design Retrospective outcomes study. Setting University of Florida Proton Therapy Institute; 2007 to 2011. Participants A total of 33 patients with skull base chordomas received postoperative three-dimensional conformal proton therapy...
February 2014: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
Terah J Allis, Benjamin D Owen, Baojiang Chen, Dwight T Jones, Gary F Moore
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To study the complication rates of skin overgrowth, infection, and the need for revision surgery in longer length Baha™ abutments. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study compared with a retrospective historical control. METHODS: After the University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC) Institutional Review Board approval was obtained, data was collected from a prospective 8.5-mm abutment study group of 21 subjects with informed consent from October 2011 through October 2012, and was compared to a retrospective 5...
April 2014: Laryngoscope
Borja Martínez-Pérez, Isabel de la Torre-Díez, Miguel López-Coronado
BACKGROUND: New possibilities for mHealth have arisen by means of the latest advances in mobile communications and technologies. With more than 1 billion smartphones and 100 million tablets around the world, these devices can be a valuable tool in health care management. Every aid for health care is welcome and necessary as shown by the more than 50 million estimated deaths caused by illnesses or health conditions in 2008. Some of these conditions have additional importance depending on their prevalence...
2013: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Daniel M Zeitler, Bjorn S Herman, Hillary A Snapp, Fred F Telischi, Simon I Angeli
OBJECTIVES: Sound processor loading after implantation of a bone-anchored hearing aid is often delayed by skin-site complications. This study examined the frequency of skin-site complications in various ethnic groups and determined factors that may lead to higher rates of skin-site complications resulting in delayed processor loading. METHODS: Adult, English-speaking patients who underwent implantation of a bone-anchored hearing aid between 2007 and 2010 were reviewed...
August 2012: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Laura Horstink, Hubert T Faber, Maarten J F de Wolf, Catharina A J Dun, Cor W R J Cremers, Myrthe K S Hol
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate whether diabetes mellitus (DM) is a risk factor for titanium fixture loss in bone-conduction devices (BCDs) because of osseointegration failure. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: All patients who received a BCD at Nijmegen between January 1, 1988, and December 31, 2007, were analyzed. The analyses were performed on 833 patients (993 implants) and a subpopulation of patients aged 40 years or older consisting of 641 patients (739 implants)...
August 2012: Otology & Neurotology
Mika H Martikainen, Tapani Rönnemaa, Kari Majamaa
Mitochondrial diabetes and deafness (MIDD) is a subtype of diabetes mellitus (DM) that most commonly results from the m.3243A > G mutation in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Sensorineural hearing loss is a typical accompanying feature. Previous studies have suggested a prevalence of ~1-1.5 % for MIDD. We studied the molecular epidemiology of MIDD among young (aged 18-45 years) adults in a defined population in southwestern Finland. Of the identified cohort of 1,532 patients with DM, we received blood samples of 299 patients and analyzed them for the m...
October 2013: Acta Diabetologica
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