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Fluorescence lung cancer

Xin-Shuang Yu, Juan Du, Yu-Jun Fan, Feng-Jun Liu, Li-Li Cao, Ning Liang, De-Guo Xu, Jian-Dong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the effects of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) on autophagy, apoptosis and chemoresistance of human small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells via the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. RESULTS: The expressions of ERS-related proteins (PEAK, eIF2α and CHOP) up-regulated, autophagy-related proteins (LC3, LC3-II and Beclin1) and apoptosis-related proteins (Bax and procaspase-3) down-regulated in NCI-H446 and H69 cells after tunicamycin treatment for 24 h...
October 18, 2016: Oncotarget
Shu Wen Wen, Jaclyn Sceneay, Luize G Lima, Christina Sf Wong, Melanie Becker, Sophie Krumeich, Richard J Lobb, Vanessa Castillo, Ke Ni Wong, Sarah Ellis, Belinda S Parker, Andreas Moller
Small membranous secretions from tumor cells, termed exosomes, contribute significantly to intercellular communication and subsequent reprogramming of the tumor microenvironment. Here we use optical imaging to determine that exogenously administered fluorescently-labeled exosomes derived from highly metastatic murine breast cancer cells, distributed predominantly to the lung of syngeneic mice, a frequent site of breast cancer metastasis. At the sites of accumulation, exosomes were taken up by CD45+ bone marrow-derived cells...
October 19, 2016: Cancer Research
Tongtong Zhang, Junling Li
BACKGROUND: It has been proven that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), and KRAS are common driver genes in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Molecular targeted therapy increases the overall response rate and progression-free survival (PFS) of patients with EGFR-sensitive mutation or echinoderm microtubule-associated protein like 4-anaplastic lymphoma kinase (EML4-ALK) fusion. However, target and targeted drugs for lung squamous cell carcinoma to indicate clinical therapy remain to be confirmed...
October 20, 2016: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
Yoon Jin Cha, Hye Ryun Kim, Hyo Sup Shim
BACKGROUND: Clinical outcomes of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer according to ALK fusion variants are not clear. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of ALK fusion variants and to compare clinical outcomes according to ALK fusion variants. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on patients with advanced ALK-rearranged adenocarcinoma treated with chemotherapy and ALK inhibitors. ALK rearrangement was identified by fluorescence in situ hybridization and confirmed by immunohistochemistry...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
O Sakiragaoglu, A L Munn
To inhibit telomerase activity, a construct which contains artificial introns in the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene that encodes small hairpin RNA (shRNA) sequences that target human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) gene expression was designed and tested for its effect on lung cancer cell line. On intron splicing from the construct, intronic sequences were released and formed shRNA in the cells. After transfection of the construct, hTERT mRNA expression decreased by approximately 55 % in A549 cells...
October 17, 2016: Molecular Biotechnology
Ji-Youn Han, Jae-Jin Choi, Jin Young Kim, You Lim Han, Geon Kook Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: BMC Cancer
Manjima Dhar, Edward Pao, Corinne Renier, Derek E Go, James Che, Rosita Montoya, Rachel Conrad, Melissa Matsumoto, Kyra Heirich, Melanie Triboulet, Jianyu Rao, Stefanie S Jeffrey, Edward B Garon, Jonathan Goldman, Nagesh P Rao, Rajan Kulkarni, Elodie Sollier-Christen, Dino Di Carlo
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have a great potential as indicators of metastatic disease that may help physicians improve cancer prognostication, treatment and patient outcomes. Heterogeneous marker expression as well as the complexity of current antibody-based isolation and analysis systems highlights the need for alternative methods. In this work, we use a microfluidic Vortex device that can selectively isolate potential tumor cells from blood independent of cell surface expression. This system was adapted to interface with three protein-marker-free analysis techniques: (i) an in-flow automated image processing system to enumerate cells released, (ii) cytological analysis using Papanicolaou (Pap) staining and (iii) fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) targeting the ALK rearrangement...
October 14, 2016: Scientific Reports
Jabadurai Jayapaul, Susanne Arns, Matt Bunker, Marek Weiler, Sandra Rutherford, Peter Comba, Fabian Kiessling
: Riboflavin (Rf) receptors bind and translocate Rf and its phosphorylated forms (e.g. flavin mononucleotide, FMN) into cells where they mediate various cellular metabolic pathways. Previously, we showed that FMN-coated ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (FLUSPIO) nanoparticles are suitable for labeling metabolically active cancer and endothelial cells in vitro. In this study, we focused on the in vivo application of FLUSPIO using prostate cancer xenografts. Size, charge, and chemical composition of FLUSPIO were evaluated...
2016: Nano Research
Jaime Stella Moses Richardson, Gautam Sethi, Guan Serm Lee, Sri Nurestri Abdul Malek
BACKGROUND: Cancer has been one of the leading causes of mortality in this era. Ruta angustifolia L. Pers has been traditionally used as an abortifacient, antihelmintic, emmenagogue and ophthalmic. In Malaysia and Singapore, the local Chinese community used it for the treatment of cancer. METHODS: In this study, the methanol and fractionated extracts (hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and water) of R. angustifolia were tested for its cytotoxicity using the sulforhodamide (SRB) cytotoxicity assay against HCT-116, A549, Ca Ski and MRC5 cell lines...
October 12, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Fenglian Shan, Zewei Shao, Shenghua Jiang, Zhaozhong Cheng
Although erlotinib (ERL) has drawn more and more attention toward its anticancer properties effect, the underlying mechanisms of ERL's anticancer properties effect remain unclear yet. So, the aim of this research was to explore the underlying anticancer mechanisms of ERL and to explore whether the reactive oxygen species (ROS)-dependent c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway contributed to the anticancer properties provided by ERL. In our study, we used MTT assay to detect the anticell growth ability of ERL on human non-small-cell lung cancer cell lines (A549)...
October 10, 2016: Cancer Medicine
Kyung-Taek Rim, Soo-Jin Kim
In vivo studies regarding biochemical, molecular biological, and histopathological changes in cancer tissues have been widely performed by the administration of carcinogens in rodents. In these established methods, dissection of the animal following sacrifice must be carried out. Exosomes are cell-derived vesicles that are present in all body fluids and these vesicles have specific roles within cells. Thus, much attention is given to the clinical application of exosomes that can possibly be used for prediction and therapy and as biomarkers related to cancer...
September 2016: Journal of Cancer Prevention
Jinming Li, Yuanyuan Wang, Shanshan Xue, Jinghua Sun, Wei Zhang, Ping Hu, Liangnian Ji, Zongwan Mao
In recent years, lung cancer has become one of the fastest growing cancers in the world. Thus, the development of efficient combination therapy to treat lung cancer has attracted significant attention in the cancer therapy field. In this article, we developed a single vehicle drug delivery system, based on quantum dot (QD) nanoparticles, to deliver small interfering RNA (siRNA; target Bcl-2) and different anticancer drugs (carboplatin, paclitaxel, and doxorubicin) simultaneously for treating A549 lung cancer cells efficiently by combination therapy...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Ricardo H M Godoi, Sérgio J Gonçalves, Célia Sayama, Gabriela Polezer, José M Reis Neto, Bálint Alföldy, René Van Grieken, Carlos A Riedi, Carlos I Yamamoto, Ana F L Godoi, László Bencs
Serpentine and amphibole asbestos occur naturally in certain geologic settings worldwide, most commonly in association with ultramafic rocks, along associated faults. Ultramafic rocks have been used in Piên County, Southern Brazil for decades for the purpose of road paving in rural and urban areas, but without the awareness of their adverse environmental and health impact. The aim of this study was the chemical characterization of aerosols re-suspended in two rural roads of Piên, paved with ultramafic rocks and to estimate the pulmonary deposition of asbestos aerosols...
September 28, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Saeid Zanganeh, Gregor Hutter, Ryan Spitler, Olga Lenkov, Morteza Mahmoudi, Aubie Shaw, Jukka Sakari Pajarinen, Hossein Nejadnik, Stuart Goodman, Michael Moseley, Lisa Marie Coussens, Heike Elisabeth Daldrup-Link
Until now, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved iron supplement ferumoxytol and other iron oxide nanoparticles have been used for treating iron deficiency, as contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging and as drug carriers. Here, we show an intrinsic therapeutic effect of ferumoxytol on the growth of early mammary cancers, and lung cancer metastases in liver and lungs. In vitro, adenocarcinoma cells co-incubated with ferumoxytol and macrophages showed increased caspase-3 activity. Macrophages exposed to ferumoxytol displayed increased mRNA associated with pro-inflammatory Th1-type responses...
September 26, 2016: Nature Nanotechnology
Hongmin Li, Haitao Lan, Ming Zhang, Ning An, Ruilian Yu, Yangke He, Chongzhi Gan
BACKGROUND: The inhibitory ability of miR-424 on the proliferation of renal carcinoma cell and the migration and invasion of cancer cells has been widely explored and demonstrated. However, the effects of miR-424 on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have not been systematically examined. In this study, detected the growth and invasion effect of miR-424 in NSCLC A549 cell. The migration and molecular mechanism of this cell are also detected. METHODS: NSCLC A549 cell was transfected with miR-424 and its inhibitor...
September 20, 2016: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
Rafael Caparica, Cheng Tzu Yen, Renata Coudry, Sai-Hong Ignatius Ou, Marileila Varella-Garcia, D Ross Camidge, Gilberto de Castro
MET activation highly sensitive to MET inhibition has recently been described in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) through two mechanisms: high-level amplification of the MET gene (usually expressed relative to the centromere on chromosome 7 when using fluorescence in-situ hybridization) and exon 14 alterations. As partial overlap of these biomarkers occurs, whether one is purely a surrogate for the other, or if both can represent true oncogenic driver states continues to be explored. Cases of MET inhibitor sensitive NSCLC harboring exon 14 alterations without co-incident amplification have already been described...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
Dang-Dang Xu, Yun-Liang Deng, Cheng-Yu Li, Yi Lin, Hong-Wu Tang
The world health organization figures show prostate cancer in developed countries has been the second primary cause of cancer mortality following lung cancer for the men. So, early and sensitive diagnosis of cancer is very important before it spreads out to the other organs of the body. It is well-known that prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is the most specific and efficient tumor marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer. Herein, we successfully fabricated core-shell composite fluorescent nanoparticle Ag@SiO2@SiO2-RuBpy which provide a photoluminescence enhancement of up to ~3-fold when the separation distance between the surface of silver core and the center of the third RuBpy doped silica shell is about 10nm...
September 12, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Michael Dobosz, Ute Haupt, Werner Scheuer
Preclinical efficacy studies of antibodies targeting a tumor-associated antigen are only justified when the expression of the relevant antigen has been demonstrated. Conventionally, antigen expression level is examined by immunohistochemistry of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor tissue section. This method represents the diagnostic "gold standard" for tumor target evaluation, but is affected by a number of factors, such as epitope masking and insufficient antigen retrieval. As a consequence, variances and discrepancies in histological staining results can occur, which may influence decision-making and therapeutic outcome...
September 23, 2016: MAbs
Mingming Zhang, Shuya Li, Xuzhou Yan, Zhixuan Zhou, Manik Lal Saha, Yu-Cai Wang, Peter J Stang
The covalent linkage of supramolecular monomers provides a powerful strategy for constructing dynamic polymeric materials whose properties can be readily tuned either by the selection of monomers or the choice of functional linkers. In this strategy, the stabilities of the supramolecular monomers and the reactions used to link the monomers are crucial because such monomers are normally dynamic and can disassemble during the linking process, leading to mixture of products. Therefore, although noncovalent interactions have been widely introduced into metallacycle structures to prepare metallosupramolecular polymers, metallacycle-cored polymers linked by covalent bonds have been rarely reported...
October 4, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Zhengbo Song, Xinmin Yu, Yiping Zhang
BACKGROUND: ALK, ROS1 and RET rearrangements represent three most frequent fusion genes in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Rearrangements of these three genes exist predominantly in lung adenocarcinoma while rarely in non-adenocarcinoma. Our objective was to explore the frequency, clinicopathological characteristics and survival of ALK, ROS1 and RET rearrangements in non-adenocarcinoma NSCLC patients. METHODS: ALK, ROS1 and RET rearrangements were screened by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in patients with completely resected non-adenocarcinoma NSCLC...
September 16, 2016: Cancer Biology & Therapy
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