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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785858/gaze-behaviors-during-serve-returns-in-tennis-a-comparison-between-intermediate-and-high-skill-players
#1
Camilo Sáenz-Moncaleano, Itay Basevitch, Gershon Tenenbaum
The authors studied gaze behaviors in high- and intermediate-skill tennis players while they performed tennis serve returns. Participants returned 40 serves in 4 serve locations while wearing a mobile eye tracker. The ball's flight path was deconstructed into 3 distinct locations (i.e., ball before bouncing on surface, the bounce area, and ball after bouncing on surface), and gaze behaviors along with quiet-eye (QE) onset and durations were recorded. Results revealed that (a) high-skill players exhibited better return shots than their lower skill counterparts, (b) high-skill players and high-score shots were characterized by longer fixation durations on the ball at prebounce, and (c) longer QE durations were observed for high-skill players and high-score shots...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783738/etracker-a-mobile-gaze-tracking-system-with-near-eye-display-based-on-a-combined-gaze-tracking-algorithm
#2
Bin Li, Hong Fu, Desheng Wen, WaiLun Lo
Eye tracking technology has become increasingly important for psychological analysis, medical diagnosis, driver assistance systems, and many other applications. Various gaze-tracking models have been established by previous researchers. However, there is currently no near-eye display system with accurate gaze-tracking performance and a convenient user experience. In this paper, we constructed a complete prototype of the mobile gaze-tracking system ' Etracker ' with a near-eye viewing device for human gaze tracking...
May 19, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782325/early-emotional-attention-is-impacted-in-alzheimer-s-disease-an-eye-tracking-study
#3
Jessica Bourgin, Nathalie Guyader, Alan Chauvin, Alexandra Juphard, Mathilde Sauvée, Olivier Moreaud, Laetitia Silvert, Pascal Hot
Emotional deficits have been repetitively reported in Alzheimer's disease (AD) without clearly identifying how emotional processing is impaired in this pathology. This paper describes an investigation of early emotional processing, as measured by the effects of emotional visual stimuli on a saccadic task involving both pro (PS) and anti (AS) saccades. Sixteen patients with AD and 25 age-matched healthy controls were eye-tracked while they had to quickly move their gaze toward a positive, negative, or neutral image presented on a computer screen (in the PS condition) or away from the image (in the AS condition)...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780926/macular-edema-associated-with-intraocular-ointment-after-cataract-surgery
#4
Asaka Kudo, Takashi Kudo, Daisuke Takahashi, Tomomi Metoki, Yukihiko Suzuki, Mitsuru Nakazawa
Purpose: To report a case with macular edema associated with uveitis, a decreased corneal endothelial cell density, and vitreous opacity caused by migrated intraocular antibiotic ointment after uneventful cataract surgery. Observations: A 63-year-old man underwent uneventful sutureless superior clear corneal phacoemulsification and implantation of an intraocular lens in his right eye. Eleven months later, he complained of blurred vision when he gazed downward. Three months later, uveitis, vitreous opacity, and retinal hemorrhage were noted...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780925/ocular-involvement-in-neurolymphomatosis
#5
Katy C Liu, Meridith A Hennessey, Chad M McCall, Alan D Proia
Purpose: To describe the ophthalmic symptoms and histopathological findings in a case of primary neurolymphomatosis (NL). Observations: A man in his 60s with a prior diagnosis of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy developed facial numbness, diplopia, drooling, and difficulty swallowing. Over a 3-month period, he developed total ptosis and ophthalmoplegia of the right eye with a dilated, non-reactive pupil considered secondary to cranial nerve III and VI palsies...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774787/variability-of-attention-bias-in-socially-anxious-adolescents-differences-in-fixation-duration-toward-adult-and-adolescent-face-stimuli
#6
Andrea Trubanova Wieckowski, Nicole N Capriola-Hall, Rebecca Elias, Thomas H Ollendick, Susan W White
Prior research on attention bias in anxious youth, often utilising a visual dot probe task, has yielded inconsistent findings, which may be due to how bias is assessed and/or variability in the phenomenon. The present study utilises eye gaze tracking to assess attention bias in socially anxious adolescents, and explores several methodological and within-subject factors that may contribute to variability in attention bias. Attention bias to threat was measured in forty-two treatment-seeking adolescents (age 12-16 years) diagnosed with Social Anxiety Disorder...
May 18, 2018: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774172/moebius-syndrome-with-hypoglossal-palsy-syndactyly-brachydactyly-and-anisometropic-amblyopia
#7
Muhammad Hassaan Ali, Samreen Jamal, Muhammad Ather Rashid, Usman Javaid, Nadeem Hafeez Butt
Moebius syndrome is a rare cause of congenital facial and abducens palsy.  It is sometimes associated with musculoskeletal abnormalities and other cranial nerve palsies. Genetics and ischemic insults to the fetus are considered to be the cause of this syndrome. We report here a 12-year-old female patient who was presented to us with poor cosmesis of her face, with associated decreased vision and lagophthalmos in her left eye. She didn't have any signs of exposure keratopathy in the affected eye. Her best-corrected vision was 20/20 and 20/60 in right and left eyes respectively...
March 16, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766769/movement-vigor-as-a-trait-like-attribute-of-individuality
#8
Thomas Reed Reppert, Ioannis Rigas, David Herzfeld, Ehsan Sedaghat-Nejad, Oleg Komogortsev, Reza Shadmehr
A common aspect of individuality is our subjective preferences in evaluation of reward and effort. The neural circuits that evaluate these commodities influence circuits that control our movements, raising the possibility that vigor differences between individuals may also be a trait of individuality, reflecting a willingness to expend effort. In contrast, classic theories in motor-control suggest that vigor differences reflect a speed-accuracy trade-off, predicting that those who move fast are sacrificing accuracy for speed...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766612/visuomotor-coordination-and-cortical-connectivity-of-modular-motor-learning
#9
Pablo I Burgos, Juan J Mariman, Scott Makeig, Gonzalo Rivera-Lillo, Pedro E Maldonado
The ability to transfer sensorimotor skill components to new actions and the capacity to use skill components from whole actions are characteristic of the adaptability of the human sensorimotor system. However, behavioral evidence suggests complex limitations for transfer after combined or modular learning of motor adaptations. Also, to date, only behavioral analysis of the consequences of the modular learning has been reported, with little understanding of the sensorimotor mechanisms of control and the interaction between cortical areas...
May 15, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764531/syllables-and-inflectional-morphemes-in-early-finnish-readers-evidence-from-eye-movements
#10
Tuomo Häikiö, Seppo Vainio
Finnish is a language with simple syllable structure but rich morphology. It was investigated whether syllables or morphemes are preferred processing units in early reading. To this end, Finnish first- and second-grade children read sentences with embedded inflected target words while their eye-movements were registered. The target words were either in essive or inessive/adessive (i.e., locative) case. The target words were either non-hyphenated, or had syllable-congruent or syllable-incongruent hyphenation...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763697/the-effect-of-load-on-spatial-attention-depends-on-preview-evidence-from-a-readingstudy
#11
Saeideh Ghahghaei, Karina J Linnell
The spatio-temporal distribution of covert attention has usually been studied under unfamiliar tasks with static viewing. It is important to extend this work to familiar tasks such as reading where sequential eye movements are made. Our previous work with reading showed that covert spatial attention around the gaze location is affected by the fixated word frequency, or the processing load exerted by the word, as early as 40 ms into the fixation. Here, we hypothesised that this early effect of frequency is only possible when the word is previewed and thus pre-processed before being fixated...
May 12, 2018: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761961/-study-on-method-of-laparoscopic-training-based-on-eye-gaze-tracking-techniques
#12
Mingzhe Xu, Shuyi Wang, Shasha Ye
In current domestic research on laparoscopic training, researchers usually consider instrument movement path in the hand-eye coordination relationship. However, they ignore the information contained in visual cues by which could guide and control instrument movements. Studies in other areas have shown that trainers can improve their perceptual-motor skills by gaze training. This paper was designed to examine the effectiveness of eye gaze tracking technology in laparoscopic training and to analyze gaze strategy of the subjects in different training methods...
October 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760370/using-eye-tracking-technology-to-compare-the-effectiveness-of-malignant-hyperthermia-cognitive-aid-design
#13
Roderick King, Jaber Hanhan, T Kyle Harrison, Alex Kou, Steven K Howard, Lindsay K Borg, Cynthia Shum, Ankeet D Udani, Edward R Mariano
Background: Malignant hyperthermia is a rare but potentially fatal complication of anesthesia, and several different cognitive aids designed to facilitate a timely and accurate response to this crisis currently exist. Eye tracking technology can measure voluntary and involuntary eye movements, gaze fixation within an area of interest, and speed of visual response and has been used to a limited extent in anesthesiology. Methods: With eye tracking technology, we compared the accessibility of five malignant hyperthermia cognitive aids by collecting gaze data from twelve volunteer participants...
May 15, 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755385/sex-age-and-emotional-valence-revealing-possible-biases-in-the-reading-the-mind-in-the-eyes-task
#14
Jana Kynast, Matthias L Schroeter
The 'Reading the Mind in the Eyes' test (RMET) assesses a specific socio-cognitive ability, i.e., the ability to identify mental states from gaze. The development of this ability in a lifespan perspective is of special interest. Whereas former investigations were limited mainly to childhood and adolescence, the focus has been shifted towards aging, and psychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases recently. Although the RMET is frequently applied in developmental psychology and clinical settings, stimulus characteristics have never been investigated with respect to potential effects on test performance...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755274/nut-carcinoma-of-the-sinonasal-tract-infiltrating-the-orbit-in-a-man-with-birdshot-chorioretinitis
#15
Wesley Chan, Martin J Bullock, Arif F Samad, Curtis W Archibald, J Godfrey Heathcote
A 48-year-old man with a history of birdshot chorioretinitis presented with blurry vision, retro-bulbar pain and sinusitis. Though visual acuity was unaffected, he had left optic disc oedema and mild restriction of left eye abduction. His symptoms progressed quickly, with diplopia in primary gaze, epistaxis from his left nostril, and a left relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD). On computed tomography, there was a mass in the nasal cavity that extended through the left cribriform plate and lamina papyracea and posteriorly into the optic canal...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753908/individual-differences-in-children-s-pronoun-processing-during-reading-detection-of-incongruence-is-associated-with-higher-reading-fluency-and-more-regressions
#16
Sarah Eilers, Simon P Tiffin-Richards, Sascha Schroeder
In two eye tracking experiments, we tested fourth graders' and adults' sensitivity to gender feature mismatches during reading of pronouns and their susceptibility to interference of feature-matching entities in the sentence. In Experiment 1, we showed children and adults two-phrase sentences such as "Leon{m}/Lisa{f} shooed away the sparrow{m}/the seagull{f} and then he{m} ate the tasty sandwich." Eye tracking measures showed no qualitative differences between children's and adults' processing of the pronouns...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750259/differential-deployment-of-visual-attention-during-interactive-approach-and-avoidance-behavior
#17
Angela I Renton, David R Painter, Jason B Mattingley
The ability to coordinate approach and avoidance actions in dynamic environments represents the boundary between extinction and the continued survival of many animal species. It is therefore crucial that sensory systems allocate limited attentional resources to the most relevant information to facilitate planning and execution of appropriate actions. Prominent theories of how attention regulates visual processing focus on the distinction between behaviorally relevant and irrelevant visual inputs. To date, however, no study has directly compared the deployment of attention to visual inputs relevant for approach and avoidance behaviors, which naturally occur in dynamic, interactive environments...
May 10, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736681/early-and-late-cortical-responses-to-directly-gazing-faces-are-task-dependent
#18
Nicolas Burra, David Framorando, Alan J Pegna
Gender categorisation of human faces is facilitated when gaze is directed toward the observer (i.e., a direct gaze), compared with situations where gaze is averted or the eyes are closed (Macrae, Hood, Milne, Rowe, & Mason, Psychological Science, 13(5), 460-464, 2002). However, the temporal dynamics underlying this phenomenon remain to some extent unknown. Here, we used electroencephalography (EEG) to assess the neural correlates of this effect, focusing on the event-related potential (ERP) components known to be sensitive to gaze perception (i...
May 7, 2018: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733867/spatiotemporal-commonalities-of-fronto-parietal-activation-in-attentional-orienting-triggered-by-supraliminal-and-subliminal-gaze-cues-an-event-related-potential-study
#19
Shota Uono, Wataru Sato, Reiko Sawada, Takanori Kochiyama, Toichi Motomi
Eye gaze triggers attentional shifts with and without conscious awareness. It remains unclear whether the spatiotemporal patterns of electric neural activity are the same for conscious and unconscious attentional shifts. Thus, the present study recorded event-related potentials (ERPs) and evaluated the neural activation involved in attentional orienting induced by subliminal and supraliminal gaze cues. Nonpredictive gaze cues were presented in the central field of vision, and participants were asked to detect a subsequent peripheral target...
May 4, 2018: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729209/gaze-stability-dynamic-balance-and-participation-deficits-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-at-fall-risk
#20
Hina Garg, Leland E Dibble, Michael C Schubert, Jim Sibthorp, K Bo Foreman, Eduard Gappmaier
Despite the common complaints of dizziness and demyelination of afferent or efferent pathways to and from the vestibular nuclei which may adversely affect the angular Vestibulo-Ocular Reflex (aVOR) and vestibulo-spinal function in persons with Multiple Sclerosis (PwMS), few studies have examined gaze and dynamic balance function in PwMS. OBJECTIVES: 1) Determine the differences in gaze stability, dynamic balance and participation measures between PwMS and controls, 2) Examine the relationships between gaze stability, dynamic balance and participation...
May 5, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
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