keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

3% hypertonic saline

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328800/impact-of-hypertonic-saline-on-postoperative-complications-for-patients-undergoing-upper-gastrointestinal-surgery
#1
Siqi Hong, Qingjuan Shang, Qiankun Geng, Yang Yang, Yan Wang, Chunbao Guo
The aim of this study was to explore the impact of 3% hypertonic saline (HS) intragastric administration for patients who underwent upper gastrointestinal surgery.During the postoperative period, 3% HS has been suggested as a means to improve the intestinal edema and reduce gastrointestinal complications.The medical records of 111 patients with HS intragastric administration following upper gastrointestinal surgery and 268 patients, served as control, were reviewed retrospectively. Propensity score matching was performed to adjust for selected baseline variables...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299023/the-effect-of-osmotherapy-and-tight-control-of-acidosis-on-early-graft-function-among-deceased-donor-kidney-transplant-recipients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
F Etezadi, A H Najafi Abrandabadi, J Motaharinia, M Mojtahedzadeh, P Pourfakhr, M R Khajavi, S Gooran, R Shariat Moharari, S Dehghani
BACKGROUND: Reperfusion injury and the acid-base status of the transplant are important factors affecting post-transplantation graft function. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that infusing hypertonic saline (HS) or tight control of acid-base status of the blood rushing through renal graft using sodium bicarbonate may have beneficial effects on early graft function. METHODS: Candidates for deceased-donor kidney transplant were randomized into three groups...
2017: International Journal of Organ Transplantation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286262/intravenous-magnesium-sulfate-for-bronchiolitis-a-randomized-trial
#3
Khalid Alansari, Rafah Sayyed, Bruce L Davidson, Shahaza Al Jawala, Mohamed Ghadier
BACKGROUND: To determine if intravenous magnesium, useful for severe pediatric asthma, reduces time to medical readiness for discharge in bronchiolitis patients when added to supportive care METHODS: We compared a single dose of 100 mg/kg intravenous magnesium sulfate versus placebo for acute bronchiolitis. Patients received bronchodilator therapy, nebulized hypertonic saline, and 5 days of dexamethasone if there was eczema and/or a family history of asthma. Time to medical readiness for discharge was the primary efficacy outcome...
March 9, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279755/purinergic-p2-receptors-in-the-paraventricular-nucleus-of-the-hypothalamus-are-involved-in-hyperosmotic-induced-sympathoexcitation
#4
H C Ferreira-Neto, I M R Ribeiro, T S Moreira, S T Yao, V R Antunes
Increases in plasma osmolality activates the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN) which in turn mounts a physiological response by increasing the release of arginine vasopressin and sympathetic nerve activity to end organs such as the kidney. The PVN expresses an abundance of purinergic receptors including P2X2 receptors. In the present study, we sought to determine 1) whether P2X2-expressing PVN neurons are activated by hypertonic saline or hypertonic mannitol and 2) what effects P2X receptor blockade has on sympathetic nerve activation mediated by a hyperosmotic stimulus...
March 6, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273364/a-multidomain-enzyme-with-glycerol-3-phosphate-dehydrogenase-and-phosphatase-activities-is-involved-in-a-chloroplastic-pathway-for-glycerol-synthesis-in-chlamydomonas-reinhardtii
#5
Daniela Morales-Sánchez, Yeongho Kim, Ee Leng Terng, Laura Peterson, Heriberto Cerutti
Understanding the unique features of algal metabolism may be necessary to realize the full potential of algae as feedstock for the production of biofuels and biomaterials. Under nitrogen deprivation, the green alga C. reinhardtii showed substantial triacylglycerol (TAG) accumulation and up-regulation of a gene, GPD2, encoding a multidomain enzyme with a putative phosphoserine phosphatase (PSP) motif fused to glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPD) domains. Canonical GPD enzymes catalyze the synthesis of glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P) by reduction of dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP)...
March 8, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255808/euvolemic-hyponatremia-in-cancer-patients-report-of-the-hyponatremia-registry-an-observational-multicenter-international-study
#6
Volker Burst, Franziska Grundmann, Torsten Kubacki, Arthur Greenberg, Despina Rudolf, Abdulla Salahudeen, Joseph Verbalis, Christian Grohé
PURPOSE: Hyponatremia secondary to SIADH is frequent in cancer patients and potentially deleterious. The aim of this sub-analysis of the Hyponatremia Registry database is to analyze current diagnostic and therapeutic management practices in cancer patients with SIADH. METHODS: We analyzed 358 cancer patients who had serum sodium concentration ([Na(+)]) ≤ 130 mEq/L and a clinical diagnosis of SIADH from 225 sites in the USA and EU. RESULTS: Precise diagnostic testing was performed in only 46%...
March 2, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219612/hyperoxia-and-hypertonic-saline-in-patients-with-septic-shock-hypers2s-a-two-by-two-factorial-multicentre-randomised-clinical-trial
#7
Pierre Asfar, Frédérique Schortgen, Julie Boisramé-Helms, Julien Charpentier, Emmanuel Guérot, Bruno Megarbane, David Grimaldi, Fabien Grelon, Nadia Anguel, Sigismond Lasocki, Matthieu Henry-Lagarrigue, Frédéric Gonzalez, François Legay, Christophe Guitton, Maleka Schenck, Jean Marc Doise, Jérôme Devaquet, Thierry Van Der Linden, Delphine Chatellier, Jean Philippe Rigaud, Jean Dellamonica, Fabienne Tamion, Ferhat Meziani, Alain Mercat, Didier Dreyfuss, Valérie Seegers, Peter Radermacher
BACKGROUND: There is insufficient research into the use of mechanical ventilation with increased inspiratory oxygen concentration (FiO2) and fluid resuscitation with hypertonic saline solution in patients with septic shock. We tested whether these interventions are associated with reduced mortality. METHODS: This two-by-two factorial, multicentre, randomised, clinical trial (HYPERS2S) recruited patients aged 18 years and older with septic shock who were on mechanical ventilation from 22 centres in France...
February 14, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215890/effect-of-oral-calcium-administration-on-the-cure-and-reproductive-performance-of-holstein-cows-diagnosed-with-puerperal-metritis
#8
Pablo Pinedo, Juan Velez, Gilberto Solano, Nelson Rodriguez, Julianne Naves, Gustavo M Schuenemann, Carlos Risco
Our objective was to evaluate the effect of oral calcium administration on clinical cure, survival, subsequent presentation of peripartal health disorders, and reproductive performance of Holstein cows diagnosed with puerperal metritis (PM) under certified organic management. A second objective was to evaluate the metabolic status at calving and at the time of PM diagnosis (d 0) in affected and matched healthy cows. Cows diagnosed with PM (n = 200) were assigned randomly to receive 1 of 2 treatments: (1) control received 3...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187815/principles-of-intracranial-pressure-monitoring-and-treatment
#9
REVIEW
M Czosnyka, J D Pickard, L A Steiner
Intracranial pressure (ICP) is governed by volumes of intracranial blood, cerebrospinal fluid, and brain tissue. Expansion of any of these volumes will trigger compensatory changes in the other compartments, resulting in initially limited change in ICP. Due to the rigid skull, once compensatory mechanisms are exhausted, ICP rises very rapidly. Intracranial hypertension is associated with unfavorable outcome in brain-injured patients. This chapter discusses the pathophysiology of raised ICP, as well as typical waveforms, monitoring techniques, and clinical management...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149029/efficacy-of-conivaptan-and-hypertonic-3-saline-in-treating-hyponatremia-due-to-syndrome-of-inappropriate-antidiuretic-hormone-in-a-tertiary-intensive-care-unit
#10
Sridhar Nagepalli Venkatarami Reddy, Pradeep Rangappa, Ipe Jacob, Rajeswari Janakiraman, Karthik Rao
BACKGROUND: Hyponatremia is one of the most common electrolyte abnormalities encountered in clinical practice and has a significant impact on morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. The optimal management of hyponatremia is still evolving. Over the last decade, vaptans have been increasingly used in clinical practice with promising results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included eighty patients with symptomatic hyponatremia due to syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) admitted and treated in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) with either conivaptan or hypertonic (3%) saline...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132715/quantification-of-nonosmotic-sodium-storage-capacity-following-acute-hypertonic-saline-infusion-in-healthy-individuals
#11
Rik H G Olde Engberink, Nienke M G Rorije, Bert-Jan H van den Born, Liffert Vogt
The assumption that sodium accumulation in the human body is always accompanied by water retention has been challenged by data showing that sodium can be stored nonosmotically. Here we investigated the contribution of nonosmotic sodium storage to short-term sodium homeostasis after hypertonic saline infusion in healthy individuals on a low-sodium diet. During four hours after infusion, we compared the observed changes in plasma sodium concentration and urinary cation excretion with changes that were calculated with the Adrogue-Madias and Nguyen-Kurtz formula, formulations widely implemented to guide the treatment of dysnatremias...
January 26, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123751/timing-of-hypertonic-saline-and-airway-clearance-techniques-in-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis-during-pulmonary-exacerbation-pilot-data-from-a-randomised-crossover-study
#12
Katherine O'Neill, Fidelma Moran, Michael M Tunney, J Stuart Elborn, Ian Bradbury, Damian G Downey, Jackie Rendall, Judy M Bradley
BACKGROUND: Streamlining the timing of treatments in cystic fibrosis (CF) is important to optimise adherence while ensuring efficacy. The optimal timing of treatment with hypertonic saline (HTS) and airway clearance techniques (ACT) is unknown. OBJECTIVES: This study hypothesised that HTS before ACT would be more effective than HTS during ACT as measured by Lung Clearance Index (LCI). METHODS: Adults with CF providing written informed consent were randomised to a crossover trial of HTS before ACT or HTS during ACT on consecutive days...
2017: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103993/-effects-of-hypertonic-sodium-saline-resuscitation-on-the-liver-damage-of-rats-at-early-stage-of-severe-scald
#13
J P Zhou, Z Gao, Y X Sun, X L Chen, X S Wu, F Wang
Objective: To explore the effects of hypertonic sodium saline (HSS) resuscitation on the liver damage of rats at early stage of severe scald. Methods: Fifty-six SD rats were divided into sham injury group (SI, n=8), lactated Ringer's solution group (LRS, n=24), and group HSS (n=24) according to the random number table. Rats in group SI were sham injured without resuscitation, while rats in the other two groups were reproduced deep partial-thickness to full-thickness scald model with 30% total body surface area on the back...
January 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095128/safety-and-benefits-of-inhaled-hypertonic-saline-following-airway-challenges-with-endotoxin-and-allergen-in-asthmatics
#14
Neil E Alexis, William D Bennett, David B Peden
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether induced sputum (IS) with hypertonic saline inhalation is safe to use in asthmatics within 24 hours of two commonly used airway challenges, namely endotoxin and dust mite allergen, and to assess whether IS can enhance mucociliary clearance (MCC) rates in asthmatics. METHODS: IS (three 7 minute inhalation periods of 3, 4, 5% hypertonic saline) was employed before (N = 29) and within 24 hours of inhaled challenges with endotoxin (N = 13) and dust mite allergen (N = 12) in a cohort of mild to moderate asthmatics...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072802/efficacy-of-adjuvant-10-hypertonic-saline-in-transforaminal-epidural-steroid-injection-a-retrospective-analysis
#15
Eun Young Joo, Won Uk Koh, Seong-Soo Choi, Jae-Hyung Choi, Ho-Soo Ahn, Hye Joo Yun, Jin-Woo Shin
BACKGROUND: Chronic lower back pain with or without radiculopathy represents an important medical, social, and economic problem. Many treatment modalities and techniques, including surgery and epidural administration of steroids, have been used to manage this pain. Hypertonic saline, which has been used as an adjunct to percutaneous epidural adhesiolysis, can also be injected via a transforaminal approach in expectation of longer-lasting effects. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the effect of adding hypertonic saline to conventional transforaminal epidural steroid injections (TFEI) to provide pain relief for chronic radiculopathy patients...
January 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072729/hypertonic-saline-protects-brain-endothelial-cells-against-hypoxia-correlated-to-the-levels-of-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-and-interleukin-1%C3%AE
#16
Sheng-Long Chen, Yi-Yu Deng, Qiao-Sheng Wang, Yong-Li Han, Wen-Qiang Jiang, Ming Fang, Bei Hu, Zhi-Xin Wu, Lin-Qiang Huang, Hong-Ke Zeng
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to verify the protective effect of hypertonic saline (HS) on brain endothelial cells under hypoxic conditions and the relevant underlying mechanism. METHODS: bEnd.3 cells were treated with oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)-induced injury. To measure HS performance, cell viability was determined using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium salt assay, and cell apoptosis was assessed by flow cytometry and Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase UTP nick-end labeling staining...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059631/acute-necrotizing-encephalopathy-causing-human-bocavirus
#17
Ayse Betul Ergul, Umit Altug, Kursad Aydin, Ahmet Sami Guven, Yasemin Altuner Torun
Acute necrotizing encephalopathy is characterized by multiple, symmetrical lesions involving the thalamus, brainstem, cerebellum, and white matter and develops secondarily to viral infections. Influenza viruses are the most common etiological agents. Here, we present the first case of acute necrotizing encephalopathy to develop secondarily to human bocavirus. A 3-year-old girl presented with fever and altered mental status. She had had a fever, cough, and rhinorrhea for five days. The patient was admitted to the intensive care unit with an initial diagnosis of encephalitis when vomiting, convulsions, and loss of consciousness developed...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042364/predictors-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-neurocritical-care-patients-receiving-continuous-hypertonic-saline
#18
Michael J Erdman, Heidi Riha, Lauren Bode, Jason J Chang, G Morgan Jones
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Continuous intravenous 3% hypertonic saline (HTS) infusions are commonly used for the management of cerebral edema following severe neurologic injuries. Despite widespread use, data regarding the incidence and predictors of nephrotoxicity are lacking. The purpose of this study was to describe the incidence and identify predictors of acute kidney injury (AKI) in neurocritical care patients administered continuous infusion HTS. METHODS: This was an institutional review board-approved, multicenter, retrospective cohort study of patients receiving HTS infusions at 2 academic medical centers...
January 2017: Neurohospitalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941973/immune-inflammatory-and-metabolic-effects-of-high-dose-furosemide-plus-hypertonic-saline-solution-hss-treatment-in-cirrhotic-subjects-with-refractory-ascites
#19
Antonino Tuttolomondo, Domenico Di Raimondo, Chiara Bellia, Giuseppe Clemente, Rosaria Pecoraro, Carlo Maida, Irene Simonetta, Valerio Vassallo, Danilo Di Bona, Eliana Gulotta, Marcello Ciaccio, Antonio Pinto
INTRODUCTION: Patients with chronic liver diseases are usually thin as a result of hypermetabolism and malnutrition expressed by reduced levels of leptin and impairment of other adyponectins such as visfatin. AIMS: We evaluated the metabolic and inflammatory effects of intravenous high-dose furosemide plus hypertonic saline solutions (HSS) compared with repeated paracentesis and a standard oral diuretic schedule, in patients with cirrhosis and refractory ascites...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940101/normal-saline-solution-versus-other-viscous-solutions-for-submucosal-injection-during-endoscopic-mucosal-resection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Harathi Yandrapu, Madhav Desai, Sameer Siddique, Prashanth Vennalganti, Sreekar Vennalaganti, Sravanthi Parasa, Tarun Rai, Vijay Kanakadandi, Ajay Bansal, Mohammad Titi, Alessandro Repici, Matthew L Bechtold, Prateek Sharma, Abhishek Choudhary
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: EMR is being increasingly practiced for the removal of large colorectal polyps. A variety of solutions such as normal saline solution (NS) and other viscous and hypertonic solutions (VS) have been used as submucosal injections for EMR. A systematic review and meta-analysis is presented comparing the efficacy and adverse events of EMR performed using NS versus VS. METHODS: Two independent reviewers conducted a search of all databases for human, randomized controlled trials that compared NS with VS for EMR of colorectal polyps...
December 8, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
keyword
keyword
107710
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"