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Augmentative communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922953/high-technology-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-for-individuals-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-and-complex-communication-needs-a-meta-analysis
#1
Jennifer B Ganz, Kristi L Morin, Margaret J Foster, Kimberly J Vannest, Derya Genç Tosun, Emily V Gregori, Stephanie L Gerow
The use of mobile technology is ubiquitous in modern society and is rapidly increasing in novel use. The use of mobile devices and software applications ("apps") as augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) is rapidly expanding in the community, and this is also reflected in the research literature. This article reports the social-communication outcome results of a meta-analysis of single-case experimental research on the use of high-tech AAC, including mobile devices, by individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities, including autism spectrum disorder...
September 19, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895033/three-category-classification-of-magnetic-resonance-hearing-loss-images-based-on-deep-autoencoder
#2
Wenjuan Jia, Ming Yang, Shui-Hua Wang
Hearing loss, a partial or total inability to hear, is known as hearing impairment. Untreated hearing loss can have a bad effect on normal social communication, and it can cause psychological problems in patients. Therefore, we design a three-category classification system to detect the specific category of hearing loss, which is beneficial to be treated in time for patients. Before the training and test stages, we use the technology of data augmentation to produce a balanced dataset. Then we use deep autoencoder neural network to classify the magnetic resonance brain images...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894609/an-online-platform-to-support-the-network-of-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia
#3
April B C G Boessen, Renée Verwey, Saskia Duymelinck, Erik van Rossum
Increasing numbers of persons with dementia (PWD) augment the pressure on dementia care, especially informal care. Care technology can support the network of PWD. We tested the usability and perceived value of an online platform that aims to support the communication and collaboration between family and professional caregivers of PWD. A mixed methods design was used for this pilot study, including semistructured interviews, a postal questionnaire, and monitoring of log data. Seven family and thirty-two professional caregivers involved with four PWD participated during a 10-week period...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892838/preventing-abuse-and-providing-access-to-justice-for-individuals-with-complex-communication-needs-the-role-of-augmentative-and-alternative-communication
#4
Juan Bornman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892837/family-leisure-as-a-context-to-support-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-intervention-for-young-children-with-complex-communication-needs
#5
Tara O'Neill, Kelsey Mandak, Krista M Wilkinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892831/recognizing-difference-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-in-natural-contexts
#6
Kathryn D R Drager
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886986/role-of-connexin-and-pannexin-containing-channels-in-hiv-infection-and-neuroaids
#7
REVIEW
Shaily Malik, Eliseo A Eugenin
Neuron-Glia crosstalk is essential for efficient synaptic communication, cell growth and differentiation, neuronal activity, neurotransmitter recycling, and brain immune response. The master regulators of this neuron-glia communication are connexin containing Gap Junctions (GJs) and Hemichannels (HCs) as well as pannexin HCs. However, the role of these channels under pathological conditions, especially in infectious diseases is still in exploratory stages. Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV) is one such infectious agent that takes advantage of the host intercellular communication systems, GJs and HCs, to exacerbate viral pathogenesis in the brain in spite of the antiretroviral therapy effectively controlling viral replication in the periphery...
September 5, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884601/systematic-review-of-aac-intervention-research-for-adolescents-and-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Christine Holyfield, Kathryn D R Drager, Jennifer M D Kremkow, Janice Light
Much of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) research for individuals with autism spectrum disorder has focused on young children. Given that the lives, communication, strengths, and needs of adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder are quite different from those of young children, the purpose of the current study was to consolidate current AAC intervention research findings specific to these individuals. A systematic review was conducted to identify and evaluate relevant research. Results indicate that AAC intervention benefits adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder...
September 8, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873825/exploring-the-perspectives-of-people-who-use-alternative-and-augmentative-communication-aids-aac
#9
Katherine Broomfield, Karen Sage
This paper outlines the clinical doctoral research plan (funded by HEE/NIHR Integrated Clinical Academic Programme) to engage the wide range of people who use alternative and augmentative communication (AAC) to understand the perspectives of users in order to develop a Patient Reported Outcome Measure (PROM) to evaluate equipment and services.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873824/optimising-service-delivery-of-aac-at-devices-and-compensating-at-for-dyslexia
#10
Uta R Roentgen, Edith A V Hagedoren, Katrien D L Horions, Ruth J P Dalemans
To promote successful use of Assistive Technology (AT) supporting Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) and compensating for dyslexia, the last steps of their provision, delivery and instruction, use, maintenance and evaluation, were optimised. In co-creation with all stakeholders based on a list of requirements an integral method and tools were developed.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873823/democratisation-of-aac-symbol-choices-using-technology
#11
E A Draffan, Mike Wald, Nadine Zeinoun, David Banes
The use of an online voting system has been developed to enable democratic choices of newly designed symbols to support speech, language and literacy skills in a localisation situation. The system works for those using and supporting Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) symbols on electronic systems by the provision of simplified scales of acceptance and adapted grids. The methodology and results highlighted the importance of user participation at the outset and concrete examples of symbol adaptations that were found necessary to ensure higher levels of user satisfaction...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873819/analysis-of-an-individual-s-language-to-improve-efficiency-of-an-aac-system
#12
Will Wade, Heidi Koester, Samantha McNeilly
The paper discusses the collection and analysis of a three-month language sample from an adult using a low-tech augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) system transcribed to analyse the frequency of words and letters to make suggestions for more efficiency.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869056/patients-autonomic-activation-during-clinical-interaction-a-review-of-empirical-studies
#13
REVIEW
Lidia Del Piccolo, Arnstein Finset
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how patients' autonomic responses are related to verbal or non-verbal communication during clinical encounters. METHODS: The SCOPUS database was searched to identify papers. Studies were included if measures of autonomic arousal were related to patients' emotions or patient-clinician interaction during clinical consultations such as psychotherapy, counseling or medical interviews. The search was conducted according to PRISMA criteria. The included studies were assessed using the 16 item quality assessment tool QATSDD...
August 28, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855403/developmental-outcomes-of-cord-blood-transplantation-for-krabbe-disease-a-15-year-study
#14
Matthew D Wright, Michele D Poe, Anthony DeRenzo, Shilpa Haldal, Maria L Escolar
OBJECTIVE: To describe long-term outcomes of children with early-infantile Krabbe disease who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in the first 7 weeks of life. METHODS: In this prospective longitudinal study, evaluations performed at baseline and follow-up included brain imaging, neurodiagnostic tests, and neurobehavioral evaluations. RESULTS: Of the 18 patients in this study (11 girls, 7 boys; mean follow-up 9.5 years, range 4-15), 5 died (3 of peritransplant complications, 1 of a surgical complication unrelated to Krabbe disease, 1 of disease progression)...
August 30, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840291/augmented-pressure-distal-colostogram-the-most-important-diagnostic-tool-for-planning-definitive-surgical-repair-of-anorectal-malformations-in-boys
#15
Steven J Kraus, Marc A Levitt, Alberto Peña
There is little current literature on the augmented-pressure distal colostogram, the single most important diagnostic study performed in boys with imperforate anus prior to definitive repair. Accurate understanding of the anatomy of the anorectal malformation including an associated fistulous communication between the rectum and the urogenital tract is essential for optimal surgical management. Specifically, the position of the rectal pouch and recto-urinary fistula relative to posterior sagittal structures of the perineum, especially the sacral spine, dictates the operative approach...
August 24, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838833/using-gopro-to-give-video-assisted-operative-feedback-for-surgery-residents-a-feasibility-and-utility-assessment
#16
Maureen D Moore, Jonathan S Abelson, Paul O'Mahoney, Iskander Bagautdinov, Heather Yeo, Anthony C Watkins
OBJECTIVE: As an adjunct to simulation-based teaching, laparoscopic video-based surgical coaching has been an effective tool to augment surgical education. However, the wide use of video review in open surgery has been limited primarily due to technological and logistical challenges. The aims of our study were to (1) evaluate perceptions of general surgery (GS) residents on video-assisted operative instruction and (2) conduct a pilot study using a head-mounted GoPro in conjunction with the operative performance rating system to assess feasibility of providing video review to enhance operative feedback during open procedures...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836403/caffeine-augments-the-instruction-of-anti-inflammatory-macrophages-by-the-conditioned-medium-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#17
Nazanin Shushtari, Seyyed Meysam Abtahi Froushani
OBJECTIVES: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been shown to produce adenosine, express adenosine receptors, and communicate with macrophages and other cells. However, there is no information about the role of caffeine, as a popular drink and adenosine antagonist, on the crosstalk between MSCs and immune cells. The aim of the current study is to evaluate the effects of the conditioned medium of MSCs treated with caffeine on macrophages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, MSCs were isolated from bone marrow of rats and pulsed with different concentrations of caffeine (0, 0...
October 2017: Cell Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822228/computerized-neurocognitive-interventions-in-the-context-of-the-brain-training-controversy
#18
Rebeca Isabel García-Betances, María Fernanda Cabrera-Umpiérrez, María T Arredondo
This article presents, in the form of an analytic narrative review, a complete picture of the state-of-the-art, challenges, and perspectives in the field of information and communication technology (ICT)-based neurocognitive interventions for older adults. The narrative particularly focuses on applications aimed at mild cognitive impairment and similar age-related cognitive deficits, which are analyzed in the context of the brain training controversy. Clarifying considerations are provided about the nature and present extent of the brain training debate, regarding the possible influence it has on the support received by research and development initiatives dealing with innovative computerized neurocognitive interventions...
August 19, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822217/using-a-novel-technology-for-disaster-staff-notification
#19
Stephen C Morris, Janice K Pelley, Steven H Mitchell
Notification of backup staff and determining their ability to augment frontline staff is a major component of any disaster plan. However, the communication and organization of this effort has many challenges. These include communication system overload, the disaster setting, disrupted transportation, and staffing impacts on normal operations. An optimal disaster notification system must have the ability to be modified to include all hazards and the unique environment in which the plan is being made. This article highlights a unique disaster staff notification system using a novel technology, an outside administrator, and a multilayer system of redundant communication...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811572/inhibition-of-connexin-hemichannels-alleviates-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-in-mice
#20
Joost Willebrords, Bruno Cogliati, Isabel Veloso Alves Pereira, Tereza Cristina da Silva, Sara Crespo Yanguas, Michaël Maes, Veronica Mollica Govoni, Andressa Lima, Daniele Aparecida Felisbino, Elke Decrock, Marina Sayuri Nogueira, Inar Alves de Castro, Isabelle Leclercq, Luc Leybaert, Robim Marcelino Rodrigues, Mathieu Vinken
While gap junctions mediate intercellular communication and support liver homeostasis, connexin hemichannels are preferentially opened by pathological stimuli, including inflammation and oxidative stress. The latter are essential features of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. In this study, it was investigated whether connexin32 and connexin43 hemichannels play a role in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. Mice were fed a choline-deficient high-fat diet or normal diet for 8 weeks. Thereafter, TAT-Gap24 or TAT-Gap19, specific inhibitors of hemichannels composed of connexin32 and connexin43, respectively, were administered for 2 weeks...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
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