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Augmentative communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088259/integration-for-coexistence-implementation-of-intercultural-health-care-policy-in-ghana-from-the-perspective-of-service-users-and-providers
#1
Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Adjoa Afriyie Poku, Simon Boateng, Padmore Adusei Amoah, Alhassan Abdul Mumin, Jacob Obodai, Williams Agyemang-Duah
OBJECTIVE: In spite of the World Health Organization's recommendations over the past decades, Ghana features pluralistic rather than truly integrated medical system. Policies about the integration of complementary medicine into the national health care delivery system need to account for individual-level involvement and cultural acceptability of care rendered by health care providers. Studies in Ghana, however, have glossed over the standpoint of the persons of the illness episode about the intercultural health care policy framework...
January 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073833/exosomal-mir-142-3p-is-increased-during-cardiac-allograft-rejection-and-augments-vascular-permeability-through-down-regulation-of-endothelial-rab11fip2-expression
#2
Ihdina Sukma Dewi, Selvi Celik, Anna Karlsson, Zsuzsanna Hollander, Karen Lam, Janet-Wilson McManus, Scott Tebbutt, Raymond Ng, Paul Keown, Robert McMaster, Bruce McManus, Jenny Öhman, Olof Gidlöf
AIMS: Exosome-mediated microRNA transfer is a recently discovered mode of cell-to-cell communication, in which microRNAs act as paracrine molecules, exerting their regulatory effects in recipient cells. T cells and endothelial cells are two main players in the mechanism of acute cellular cardiac rejection. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of exosomal microRNAs in the crosstalk between T cells and endothelial cells and its implications for the molecular mechanisms that drive acute cellular rejection in heart transplantation...
January 10, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056153/effects-of-a-least-to-most-prompting-procedure-on-multisymbol-message-production-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-who-use-augmentative-and-alternative-communication
#3
Erinn H Finke, Jennifer M Davis, Morgan Benedict, Lauren Goga, Jennifer Kelly, Lauren Palumbo, Tanika Peart, Samantha Waters
Purpose: In this study, we investigated the efficacy of a least-to-most (LTM) prompting procedure (Ault & Griffen, 2013; MacDuff, Krantz, & McClannahan, 2001; Neitzel & Wolery, 2009) for increasing use of multisymbol messages in school-age children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) during a storybook reading activity. Method: In the study, we used a single-subject, multiple-probe research design across participants (Kazdin, 1982) with 6 children (ages 8-12) with ASD and who used AAC systems for communication...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049542/technology-assisted-intervention-for-parents-of-adolescents-in-residential-substance-use-treatment-protocol-of-an-open-trial-and-pilot-randomized-trial
#4
Sara J Becker, Lynn Hernandez, Anthony Spirito, Selby Conrad
BACKGROUND: Adolescents in residential substance use disorder (SUD) treatment have poor outcomes post-discharge, with follow-up studies suggesting that most adolescents relapse within 90 days. Parenting practices directly influence adolescent SUD outcomes, but parents of adolescents with SUDs are difficult to engage in traditional behavioral treatments. The current study adapts and evaluates a technology-assisted intervention for parents of adolescents in residential SUD treatment. Based on pilot qualitative data with parents, adolescents, and residential staff, we augment an existing computerized intervention (Parenting Wisely; PW) with four in-person coaching sessions, personalized text messages, and an expert-moderated online parent message board...
January 3, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044261/cognitive-development-in-a-young-child-with-mucolipidosis-type-iv-a-case-report
#5
Evelyn L Fisher, Rose A Sevcik, MaryAnn Romski
Mucolipidosis Type IV (ML IV) is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder characterized by severe psychomotor impairments and ophthalmologic abnormalities. Reports on the cognitive development of people with ML IV are limited, but suggest that achievement of language and cognitive milestones varies between a 3- and 18-month level. There is also variability in reports of whether people with ML IV make developmental progress, regress, or remain static after infancy. This study examines the longitudinal development of a young child with ML IV who participated in an augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) intervention...
January 3, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042444/endoscopic-management-of-the-schneiderian-membrane-perforation-during-transcrestal-sinus-augmentation-a-case-report
#6
M Andreasi Bassi, C Andrisani, S Lico, Z Ormanier, A Barlattani, L Ottria
PURPOSE: In this article the Authors describe a procedure aimed to restore under endoscopic control, the continuity, of the Schneiderian membrane (SM) incidentally teared during a sinus lift with transcrestal approach. MATERIALS E METHODS: In a 44-year-old male, due to aforementioned complication, the SM was gently detached via transcrestal approach, with a customized small ball burnisher, in order to facilitate the placement of a collagen sponge, to close the communication with the sinus, followed by the subsequent insertion of a graft material...
October 2016: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040991/a-systematic-review-of-research-into-aided-aac-to-increase-social-communication-functions-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Kristy Logan, Teresa Iacono, David Trembath
Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) interventions have been shown to be effective in supporting children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to communicate, particularly to request preferred items and activities. The aim of this systematic review was to examine the effectiveness of AAC interventions in supporting children to produce a broader range of communicative functions and determine the extent to which these interventions have been evaluated beyond immediate effectiveness to address maintenance, generalization, and social validity...
December 31, 2016: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032857/heme-oxygenase-1-in-the-forefront-of-a-multi-molecular-network-that-governs-cell-cell-contacts-and-filopodia-induced-zippering-in-prostate-cancer
#8
Alejandra V Paez, Carla Pallavicini, Federico Schuster, Maria Pia Valacco, Jimena Giudice, Emiliano G Ortiz, Nicolás Anselmino, Estefania Labanca, Maria Binaghi, Marcelo Salierno, Marcelo A Martí, Javier H Cotignola, Anna Woloszynska-Read, Luciana Bruno, Valeria Levi, Nora Navone, Elba S Vazquez, Geraldine Gueron
Prostate cancer (PCa) cells display abnormal expression of cytoskeletal proteins resulting in an augmented capacity to resist chemotherapy and colonize distant organs. We have previously shown that heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) is implicated in cell morphology regulation in PCa. Here, through a multi 'omics' approach we define the HO-1 interactome in PCa, identifying HO-1 molecular partners associated with the integrity of the cellular cytoskeleton. The bioinformatics screening for these cytoskeletal-related partners reveal that they are highly misregulated in prostate adenocarcinoma compared with normal prostate tissue...
December 29, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032167/facing-the-worst-risk-confronting-the-dorsal-nasal-artery-implication-for-non-surgical-procedures-of-nasal-augmentation
#9
Tanvaa Tansatit, Prawit Apinuntrum, Thavorn Phetudom
BACKGROUND: The nose is a dangerous site for filler injection. This study investigated the anatomy of the dorsal nasal artery at the upper part of the nose to clarify how ocular complications occur. METHODS: Dissections were performed in 50 noses of the embalmed cadavers. Either the soft embalming or formaldehyde embalming processes were used. RESULTS: The dorsal nasal artery is not a constant artery. The artery traveled in the subcutaneous tissue layer of the nasal dorsum on the transverse nasalis muscle and its midline nasal aponeurosis which connected the muscles on both sides...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027338/effect-of-an-intensive-outpatient-program-to-augment-primary-care-for-high-need-veterans-affairs-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Donna M Zulman, Christine Pal Chee, Stephen C Ezeji-Okoye, Jonathan G Shaw, Tyson H Holmes, James S Kahn, Steven M Asch
Importance: Many organizations are adopting intensive outpatient care programs for high-need patients, yet little is known about their effectiveness in integrated systems with established patient-centered medical homes. Objective: To evaluate how augmenting the Veterans Affairs (VA) medical home (Patient Aligned Care Teams [PACT]) with an Intensive Management program (ImPACT) influences high-need patients' costs, health care utilization, and experience. Design, Setting, and Participants: Randomized clinical trial at a single VA facility...
December 27, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026774/jackin-head-immersive-visual-telepresence-system-with-omnidirectional-wearable-camera
#11
Shunichi Kasahara, Shohei Nagai, Jun Rekimoto
Sharing one's own immersive experience over the Internet is one of the ultimate goals of telepresence technology. In this paper, we present JackIn Head, a visual telepresence system featuring an omnidirectional wearable camera with image motion stabilization. Spherical omnidirectional video footage taken around the head of a local user is stabilized and then broadcast to others, allowing remote users to explore the immersive visual environment independently of the local user's head direction. We describe the system design of JackIn Head and report the evaluation results of real-time image stabilization and alleviation of cybersickness...
December 21, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982714/technology-assisted-language-intervention-for-children-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-a-pilot-study-of-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-for-enhancing-language-development
#12
Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Susan Wiley, Rose McAuley, Laura Smith, Sandra Grether
PURPOSE: Pilot study to assess the effect of augmentative and alternative communication technology to enhance language development in children who are deaf or hard-of-hearing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five children ages 5-10 years with permanent bilateral hearing loss who were identified with language underperformance participated in an individualized 24-week structured program using the application TouchChat WordPower on iPads(®). Language samples were analyzed for changes in mean length of utterance, vocabulary words and mean turn length...
December 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932340/is-walk-score-associated-with-hospital-admissions-from-chronic-diseases-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-high-socioeconomic-status-australian-city-state
#13
Soumya Mazumdar, Vincent Learnihan, Thomas Cochrane, Hai Phung, Bridget O'Connor, Rachel Davey
OBJECTIVES: To explore patterns of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT).To ascertain the effect of the neighbourhood built environmental features and especially walkability on health outcomes, specifically for hospital admissions from NCDs. DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis of public hospital episode data (2007-2013). SETTING: Hospitalisations from the ACT, Australia at very small geographic areas. PARTICIPANTS: Secondary data on 75 290 unique hospital episodes representing 39 851 patients who were admitted to ACT hospitals from 2007 to 2013...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925432/ceos-theory-a-comprehensive-approach-to-understanding-hard-to-maintain-behaviour-change
#14
Ron Borland
This paper provides a brief introduction to CEOS theory, a comprehensive theory for understanding hard to maintain behaviour change. The name CEOS is an acronym for Context, Executive, and Operational Systems theory. Behaviour is theorised to be the result of the moment by moment interaction between internal needs (operational processes) in relation to environmental conditions, and for humans this is augmented by goal-directed, executive action which can transcend immediate contingencies. All behaviour is generated by operational processes...
December 7, 2016: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917683/the-role-of-the-physical-environment-in-conversations-between-people-who-are-communication-vulnerable-and-health-care-professionals-a-scoping-review
#15
Steffy E A Stans, Ruth J P Dalemans, Luc P de Witte, Hester W H Smeets, Anna J Beurskens
PURPOSE: The role of the physical environment in communication between health-care professionals and persons with communication problems is a neglected area. This study provides an overview of factors in the physical environment that play a role in communication during conversations between people who are communication vulnerable and health-care professionals. METHOD: A scoping review was conducted using the methodological framework of Arksey and O'Malley. The PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL and Cochrane Library databases were screened, and a descriptive and thematic analysis was completed...
December 5, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917128/what-role-can-avatars-play-in-e-mental-health-interventions-exploring-new-models-of-client-therapist-interaction
#16
REVIEW
Imogen C Rehm, Emily Foenander, Klaire Wallace, Jo-Anne M Abbott, Michael Kyrios, Neil Thomas
In the burgeoning field of e-mental health interventions, avatars are increasingly being utilized to facilitate online communication between clients and therapists, and among peers. Avatars are digital self-representations, which enable individuals to interact with each other in computer-based virtual environments. In this narrative review, we examine the psychotherapeutic applications of avatars that have been investigated and trialed to date. Five key applications were identified (1) in the formation of online peer support communities; (2) replicating traditional modes of psychotherapy by using avatars as a vehicle to communicate within a wholly virtual environment; (3) using avatar technology to facilitate or augment face-to-face treatment; (4) as part of serious games; and (5) communication with an autonomous virtual therapist...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903977/dioscin-augments-hsv-tk-mediated-suicide-gene-therapy-for-melanoma-by-promoting-connexin-based-intercellular-communication
#17
Jianyong Xiao, Guangxian Zhang, Bin Li, Yingya Wu, Xijuan Liu, Yuhui Tan, Biaoyan Du
Suicide gene therapy is a promising strategy against melanoma. However, the low efficiency of the gene transfer technique can limit its application. Our preliminary data showed that dioscin, a glucoside saponin, could upregulate the expression of connexins Cx26 and Cx43, major components of gap junctions, in melanoma cells. We hypothesized that dioscin may increase the bystander effect of herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase/ganciclovir (HSV-tk/GCV) through increasing the formation of gap junctions. Further analysis showed that dioscin indeed could increase the gap junctional intercellular communication in B16 melanoma cells, resulting in more efficient GCV-induced bystander killing in B16tk cells...
November 26, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888564/communicating-with-children-and-families-about-obesity-and-weight-related-topics-a-scoping-review-of-best-practices
#18
REVIEW
A C McPherson, J Hamilton, S Kingsnorth, T J Knibbe, M Peters, J A Swift, K Krog, L Chen, A Steinberg, G D C Ball
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals have called for direction on how best to communicate about weight-related topics with children and families. Established scoping review methodology was used to answer the question: 'How can healthcare professionals best communicate with children and their families about obesity and weight-related topics?' METHODS: We searched four scientific databases, two grey literature repositories and 14 key journals (2005-2016). Inclusion criteria were (i) children up to and including 18 years of age and/or their parents; (ii) communication about healthy weight, overweight, obesity or healthy/active living; and (iii) healthcare setting...
November 26, 2016: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879626/smart-toys-designed-for-detecting-developmental-delays
#19
Diego Rivera, Antonio García, Bernardo Alarcos, Juan R Velasco, José Eugenio Ortega, Isaías Martínez-Yelmo
In this paper, we describe the design considerations and implementation of a smart toy system, a technology for supporting the automatic recording and analysis for detecting developmental delays recognition when children play using the smart toy. To achieve this goal, we take advantage of the current commercial sensor features (reliability, low consumption, easy integration, etc.) to develop a series of sensor-based low-cost devices. Specifically, our prototype system consists of a tower of cubes augmented with wireless sensing capabilities and a mobile computing platform that collect the information sent from the cubes allowing the later analysis by childhood development professionals in order to verify a normal behaviour or to detect a potential disorder...
November 20, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875167/temporal-summary-images-an-approach-to-narrative-visualization-via-interactive-annotation-generation-and-placement
#20
Chris Bryan, Kwan-Liu Ma, Jonathan Woodring
Visualization is a powerful technique for analysis and communication of complex, multidimensional, and time-varying data. However, it can be difficult to manually synthesize a coherent narrative in a chart or graph due to the quantity of visualized attributes, a variety of salient features, and the awareness required to interpret points of interest (POls). We present Temporal Summary Images (TSIs) as an approach for both exploring this data and creating stories from it. As a visualization, a TSI is composed of three common components: (1) a temporal layout, (2) comic strip-style data snapshots, and (3) textual annotations...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
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