keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Augmentative communication

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227046/design-and-development-of-an-aac-app-based-on-a-speech-to-symbol-technology
#1
Elena Radici, Stefano Bonacina, Gianluca De Leo, Elena Radici, Stefano Bonacina, Gianluca De Leo, Gianluca De Leo, Stefano Bonacina, Elena Radici
The purpose of this paper is to present the design and the development of an Augmentative and Alternative Communication app that uses a speech to symbol technology to model language, i.e. to recognize the speech and display the text or the graphic content related to it. Our app is intended to be adopted by communication partners who want to engage in interventions focused on improving communication skills. Our app has the goal of translating simple speech sentences in a set of symbols that are understandable by children with complex communication needs...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222570/communication-vulnerable-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#2
Lavoisier Leite Neto, Ana Carolina Constantini, Regina Yu Shon Chun
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) exhibits speech disorders since the early stages that decrease the communication rate and interfere in social participation. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a literature review on communication vulnerable and Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. METHOD: Descriptors of the Health Sciences Descriptors (DeCS) were used: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Health Vulnerability, Communication Barriers, Nonverbal Communication, and Communication Aids for Disabled...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219959/randomised-prospective-medico-economic-nationwide-french-study-of-islet-transplantation-in-patients-with-severely-unstable-type-1-diabetes-the-stabilot-study-protocol
#3
Sandrine Lablanche, Sandra David-Tchouda, Jennifer Margier, Edith Schir, Anne Wojtusciszyn, Sophie Borot, Laurence Kessler, Emmanuel Morelon, Charles Thivolet, François Pattou, Marie Christine Vantyghem, Thierry Berney, Pierre-Yves Benhamou
INTRODUCTION: Islet transplantation may be an appropriate treatment option for patients with severely unstable type 1 diabetes experiencing major glucose variability with severe hypoglycaemia despite intensive insulin therapy. Few data are available on the costs associated with islet transplantation in relation to its benefits. The STABILOT study proposes to assess the economic impact of islet transplantation in comparison with the current best medical treatment defined as sensor-augmented pump (SAP) therapy...
February 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218009/the-use-of-social-media-by-adults-with-acquired-conditions-who-use-aac-current-gaps-and-considerations-in-research
#4
Helen L Paterson
The global growth and development of social media has had a positive impact on many individuals who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC), who use it to communicate and connect with others. Research evidence into the use of social media by adults with acquired conditions who use AAC is limited. These individuals are a heterogeneous population, who can present with a range of linguistic, cognitive and physical needs, some of which progress rapidly, making accessing social media a challenge. These issues warrant research focusing on developing interventions to support the use of social media and the impact of these interventions...
March 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212161/hearing-impairment-and-the-amelioration-of-avoidable-medical-error-a-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Patrick Henn, Colm OʼTuathaigh, Darrelle Keegan, Simon Smith
OBJECTIVES: Hearing loss contributes to suboptimal medical treatment. We investigated the nature and magnitude of potential health-care harm of hearing loss alone on a patient's understanding of medical consultations, investigations, and treatments of health conditions unrelated to their hearing loss. METHODS: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based design of a convenience sample of students with hearing loss, registered with the institutional disability support service in 8 Irish and 15 UK third-level institutions...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197572/three-in-one-prototropy-free-highly-stable-aadd-type-self-complementary-quadruple-hydrogen-bonded-molecular-duplexes-with-a-built-in-fluorophore
#6
Sanjeev Kheria, Suresh Rayavarapu, Amol S Kotmale, Gangadhar J Sanjayan
This communication reports an effective approach for addressing the prototropy-related problems in heterocycle-based AADD-type self-assembling systems by freezing their hydrogen-bonding codes, by utilizing intramolecular bifurcated hydrogen bonding interactions. Using this strategy, we have also developed a hydroquinone-conjugated AADD-type self-assembling system adorned with three valuable features such as prototropy-free dimerization yielding single duplexes, high duplex stability and a built-in fluorophore, which would augment its application potential...
February 15, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194349/contracted-nose-after-silicone-implantation-a-new-classification-system-and-treatment-algorithm
#7
Yong Kyu Kim, Seungho Shin, Nak Heon Kang, Joo Heon Kim
BACKGROUND: Silicone implants are frequently used in augmentation rhinoplasty in Asians. A common complication of silicone augmentation rhinoplasty is capsular contracture. This is similar to the capsular contracture after augmentation mammoplasty, but a classification for secondary contracture after augmentation rhinoplasty with silicone implants has not yet been established, and treatment algorithms by grade or severity have yet to be developed. METHODS: Photographs of 695 patients who underwent augmentation rhinoplasty with a silicone implant from May 2001 to May 2015 were analyzed...
January 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186814/optimum-mixed-state-discrimination-for-noisy-entanglement-enhanced-sensing
#8
Quntao Zhuang, Zheshen Zhang, Jeffrey H Shapiro
Quantum metrology utilizes nonclassical resources, such as entanglement or squeezed light, to realize sensors whose performance exceeds that afforded by classical-state systems. Environmental loss and noise, however, easily destroy nonclassical resources and, thus, nullify the performance advantages of most quantum-enhanced sensors. Quantum illumination (QI) is different. It is a robust entanglement-enhanced sensing scheme whose 6 dB performance advantage over a coherent-state sensor of the same average transmitted photon number survives the initial entanglement's eradication by loss and noise...
January 27, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173719/exo-mir-15a-transfer-from-the-pancreas-augments-diabetic-complications-by-inducing-oxidative-stress
#9
Tengku Ain Kamalden, Anne M Macgregor-Das, Sangeetha M Kannan, Brittany Dunkerly-Eyring, Nurliza Khaliddin, Zhenhua Xu, Anthony P Fusco, Syatirah Abu Yazib, Rhuen Chiou Chow, Elia J Duh, Marc K Halushka, Charles Steenbergen, Samarjit DAS
AIMS: Mi(cro)RNAs, one type of non-coding RNA, modulate post-transcriptional gene expression in various pathogenic pathways in type-2-diabetes (T2D). Currently, little is known about how miRNAs influence disease pathogenesis by targeting cells at a distance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of exosomal miRNAs during T2D. RESULTS: We show that miR-15a is increased in the plasma of diabetic patients, correlating with disease severity. miR-15 plays an important role in insulin production in pancreatic-β-cells...
February 7, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164412/j%C3%A3-rgen-habermas-and-the-dilemmas-of-experience-of-disability
#10
Krzysztof Pezdek, Wojciech Doliński
The article addresses Jürgen Habermas' theory of communicative action, which offers very productive tools for analysing disability. The Habermasian division of social reality helps examine positive and negative effects of tensions between the lifeworld of a person with disability and the system. By exploring such an individual's communicative action, one can obtain an insight into his/her validity claims and disruptions in the communication process and self-understandings inscribed in group narratives. The study reported in the article used in-depth interviews, which narratively reveal the experiences of a person with disability in family, education, sports and labour...
February 6, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151928/multiple-fentanyl-overdoses-new-haven-connecticut-june-23-2016
#11
Anthony J Tomassoni, Kathryn F Hawk, Karen Jubanyik, Daniel P Nogee, Thomas Durant, Kara L Lynch, Rushaben Patel, David Dinh, Andrew Ulrich, Gail D'Onofrio
On the evening of June 23, 2016, a white powder advertised as cocaine was purchased off the streets from multiple sources and used by an unknown number of persons in New Haven, Connecticut. During a period of less than 8 hours, 12 patients were brought to the emergency department (ED) at Yale New Haven Hospital, experiencing signs and symptoms consistent with opioid overdose. The route of intoxication was not known, but presumed to be insufflation ("snorting") in most cases. Some patients required doses of the opioid antidote naloxone exceeding 4 mg (usual initial dose = 0...
February 3, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140456/discussing-molecular-testing-in-oncology-care-comparing-patient-and-physician-information-preferences
#12
Ana P M Pinheiro, Rachel H Pocock, Jeffrey M Switchenko, Margie D Dixon, Walid L Shaib, Suresh S Ramalingam, Rebecca D Pentz
BACKGROUND: Molecular testing to inform treatment and clinical trial choices is now the standard of care for several types of cancer. However, no established guidelines exist for the type of information physicians should cover during discussions with the patient about the test or its results. The objectives of this study were to identify physician and patient preferences regarding information and who should communicate this information and how to inform guidelines for these conversations...
January 31, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121173/a-call-for-innovative-social-media-research-in-the-field-of-augmentative-and-alternative-communication
#13
Bronwyn Hemsley, Susan Balandin, Stuart Palmer, Stephen Dann
Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) social media research is relatively new, and is built on a foundation of research on use of the Internet and social media by people with communication disabilities. Although the field is expanding to include a range of people who use AAC, there are limitations and gaps in research that will need to be addressed in order to keep pace with the rapid evolution of social media connectivity in assistive communication technologies. In this paper, we consider the aims, scope, and methodologies of AAC social media research, with a focus on social network sites...
March 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119156/chemosensory-anxiety-signals-prime-defensive-behavior-in-prepubertal-girls
#14
Katrin T Lübke, Anne Busch, Matthias Hoenen, Benoist Schaal, Bettina M Pause
Chemosensory anxiety signals effectively prime motor responses related to withdrawal behavior, such as the startle reflex, in adult humans. As the reproductive status strongly affects the response to social chemosignals, the current study examined whether chemosensory anxiety signals would augment the startle response in prepubertal children as it does in adults. Using cotton pads, axillary sweat was collected from 28 men while waiting for an important oral examination (anxiety condition), and during ergometer training (sport control condition)...
January 21, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114681/assessment-with-children-who-need-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-aac-clinical-decisions-of-aac-specialists
#15
Shelley K Lund, Wendy Quach, Kristy Weissling, Miechelle McKelvey, Aimee Dietz
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore how speech-language pathologists (SLPs) who are augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) specialists approach the assessment process for 2 case studies, 1 child with cerebral palsy and 1 with autism spectrum disorder. The aim of the study was to answer the following questions: (a) How do clinicians with expertise approach the AAC assessment process for children with developmental disabilities? (b) Can any initial hypothesis be drawn about how SLPs approach the assessment of children with motor versus social interactive deficits? Method: This study used a phenomenological qualitative design...
January 1, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113859/real-time-eye-writing-recognition-using-electrooculogram-eog
#16
Kwang-Ryeol Lee, Won-Du Chang, Sungkean Kim, Chang-Hwan Im
Eye movements can be used as alternative inputs for human-computer interface (HCI) systems such as virtual or augmented reality systems as well as new communication ways for patients with locked-in syndrome. In this study, we developed a real-time electrooculogram (EOG)-based eye-writing recognition system, with which users can write predefined symbolic patterns with their volitional eye movements. For the 'eye-writing' recognition, the proposed system first reconstructs the eye-written traces from EOG waveforms in real-time; then, the system recognizes the intended symbolic inputs with a reliable recognition rate by matching the input traces with the trained eye-written traces of diverse input patterns...
March 15, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113409/event-based-robust-control-for-uncertain-nonlinear-systems-using-adaptive-dynamic-programming
#17
Qichao Zhang, Dongbin Zhao, Ding Wang
In this paper, the robust control problem for a class of continuous-time nonlinear system with unmatched uncertainties is investigated using an event-based control method. First, the robust control problem is transformed into a corresponding optimal control problem with an augmented control and an appropriate cost function. Under the event-based mechanism, we prove that the solution of the optimal control problem can asymptotically stabilize the uncertain system with an adaptive triggering condition. That is, the designed event-based controller is robust to the original uncertain system...
October 18, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109606/short-communication-glutamine-modulates-inflammatory-responses-to-lipopolysaccharide-in-ex-vivo-bovine-endometrium
#18
Pablo G Noleto, João Paulo E Saut, I Martin Sheldon
Bacteria infect the endometrium lining the uterus of cattle after parturition, and clearance of these microbes depends on a robust innate immune response to bacterial molecules, such as the endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Endometrial inflammation is characterized by secretion of the cytokines IL-1β and IL-6 and the chemokine IL-8. However, animals often fail to clear invading bacteria and develop uterine disease if they are in negative energy balance, with reduced abundance of glucose and glutamine, which are substrates for energy in tissues...
March 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101881/using-a-novel-technology-for-disaster-staff-notification
#19
Stephen C Morris, Janice K Pelley, Steven H Mitchell
Notification of backup staff and determining their ability to augment frontline staff is a major component of any disaster plan. However, the communication and organization of this effort has many challenges. These include communication system overload, the disaster setting, disrupted transportation, and staffing impacts on normal operations. An optimal disaster notification system must have the ability to be modified to include all hazards and the unique environment in which the plan is being made. This article highlights a unique disaster staff notification system using a novel technology, an outside administrator, and a multilayer system of redundant communication...
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099001/conformational-dynamics-in-penicillin-binding-protein-2a-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-allosteric-communication-network-and-enablement-of-catalysis
#20
Kiran V Mahasenan, Rafael Molina, Renee Bouley, María T Batuecas, Jed F Fisher, Juan A Hermoso, Mayland Chang, Shahriar Mobashery
The mechanism of the β-lactam antibacterials is the functionally irreversible acylation of the enzymes that catalyze the cross-linking steps in the biosynthesis of their peptidoglycan cell wall. The Gram-positive pathogen Staphylococcus aureus uses one primary resistance mechanism. An enzyme, called penicillin-binding protein 2a (PBP2a), is brought into this biosynthetic pathway to complete the cross-linking. PBP2a effectively discriminates against the β-lactam antibiotics as potential inhibitors, and in favor of the peptidoglycan substrate...
January 27, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
keyword
keyword
10771
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"