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Augmentative communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733123/augmentative-and-alternative-communication-effects-on-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-locked-in-syndrome-and-their-caregivers
#1
Francesco Corallo, Lilla Bonanno, Viviana Lo Buono, Simona De Salvo, Carmela Rifici, Patrizia Pollicino, Cettina Allone, Rosanna Palmeri, Antonino Todaro, Antonella Alagna, Alessia Bramanti, Placido Bramanti, Silvia Marino
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the augmentative and alternative communication system on anxiety and depression performances and the quality of life (QoL) of patients who have the locked-in syndrome (LIS) and that of their caregivers. METHOD: We enrolled 15 patients and their principal caregivers. The assessment consisted of the administration of the employed Short Form-36 Questionnaire for the assessment of QoL, the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) for anxiety, and the Beck Depression Inventory for depression...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727477/national-survey-describing-and-quantifying-students-with-communication-needs
#2
Natalie R Andzik, John M Schaefer, Robert T Nichols, Yun-Ching Chung
PURPOSE: Research literature has yet to quantify and describe how students with complex communication needs are supported in the classroom and how special educators are being prepared to offer support. This study sought out special educators to complete a survey about their students with complex communication needs. METHOD: Over 4,000 teachers representing 50 states reported on the communicative and behavioral characteristics of 15,643 students. Teachers described the training they have received and instructional approaches they used...
July 20, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717158/neural-processing-of-biological-motion-in-autism-an-investigation-of-brain-activity-and-effective-connectivity
#3
Kaat Alaerts, Stephan P Swinnen, Nicole Wenderoth
The superior temporal sulcus (STS) forms a key region for social information processing and disruptions of its function have been associated with socio-communicative impairments characteristic of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Task-based fMRI was applied in 15 adults with ASD and 15 matched typical-controls (TC) to explore differences in activity and effective connectivity of STS while discriminating either 'intact' versus 'scrambled' biological motion point light displays (explicit processing) or responding to a color-change while the 'intact' versus 'scrambled' nature of the stimulus was irrelevant for the task (implicit processing)...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716150/swedish-norwegian-co-operation-in-the-treatment-of-three-hypothermia-victims-a-case-report
#4
Anders Wetting Carlsen, Nils K Skjaervold, Nils Johan Berg, Øystein Karlsen, Eli Gunnarson, Alexander Wahba
BACKGROUND: Accidental hypothermia with cardiac arrest represents a challenge for pre-hospital rescuers as well as in-hospital staff. For pre-hospital personnel, the main focus is to get the patient to the correct destination without unnecessary delay. For in-hospital personnel early information is vital to assess the possibility for resuscitation with extracorporeal re-warming. The challenge is augmented when rescuers must cross national borders to reach and/or deliver the patients. We present a case where three adolescent boys suffered severe hypothermia after a canoeing accident in Sweden...
July 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697629/culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-student-and-family-perspectives-of-aac
#5
Saili S Kulkarni, Jessica Parmar
Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices are important for nonverbal students with disabilities to communicate with the verbal world. AAC devices provide access to academic and social opportunities for students with disabilities. With the changing demographics of schools and an emphasis on meaningful, culturally relevant instruction for all students, it is important to consider how AAC devices are utilized and perceived by individuals from culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) backgrounds and their families...
July 12, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694492/chronic-lung-inflammation-primes-humoral-immunity-and-augments-antipneumococcal-resistance
#6
Julia D Boehme, Sabine Stegemann-Koniszewski, Andrea Autengruber, Nicole Peters, Josef Wissing, Lothar Jänsch, Andreas Jeron, Dunja Bruder
Airway epithelial cells (AECs) display remarkable plasticity in response to infectious stimuli and their functional adaptations are critical for antimicrobial immunity. However, the roles of AECs and humoral mediators to host defense in non-communicable lung inflammation remain elusive. We dissected pulmonary defense against Streptococcus pneumoniae in hosts with pre-existing inflammatory conditions (SPC-HAxTCR-HA mice). Lung tissue transcriptomics and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) proteomics revealed an induction of humoral defense mechanisms in inflamed lungs...
July 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691743/effectiveness-of-speech-therapy-in-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#7
Hayo Terband, Marjolein C Coppens-Hofman, Maaike Reffeltrath, Ben A M Maassen
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effect of speech therapy in a heterogeneous group of adults with intellectual disability. METHOD: Thirty-six adults with mild and moderate intellectual disabilities (IQs 40-70; age 18-40 years) with reported poor speech intelligibility received tailored training in articulation and listening skills delivered in two 3-month periods. Pre- to post-changes in speech intelligibility and receptive vocabulary were assessed using standardized tasks...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689386/surgical-informed-consent-process-in-neurosurgery
#8
REVIEW
Jaechan Park, Hyojin Park
The doctrine of informed consent, as opposed to medical paternalism, is intended to facilitate patient autonomy by allowing patient participation in the medical decision-making process. However, regrettably, the surgical informed consent (SIC) process is invariably underestimated and reduced to a documentary procedure to protect physicians from legal liability. Moreover, residents are rarely trained in the clinical and communicative skills required for the SIC process. Accordingly, to increase professional awareness of the SIC process, a brief history and introduction to the current elements of SIC, the obstacles to patient autonomy and SIC, benefits and drawbacks of SIC, planning of an optimal SIC process, and its application to cases of an unruptured intracranial aneurysm are all presented...
July 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682122/concurrent-associations-between-maternal-behaviours-and-infant-communication-within-a-cohort-of-women-and-their-infants-experiencing-adversity
#9
Jodie Smith, Penny Levickis, Tricia Eadie, Lesley Bretherton, Laura Conway, Sharon Goldfeld
PURPOSE: Evidence suggests that children living in adversity are at greater risk of poorer language than their peers with the quality of parental interactions potentially mediating this association. Studies typically measure the mediatory impact of generic interaction styles making it difficult to discern which particular aspects of the interaction are facilitating language. This study aims to bridge this gap by identifying specific maternal behaviours associated with concurrent infant communication, in a cohort of 12-month old infants and their mothers experiencing adversity...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676734/fuzzy-decision-making-fuser-fdmf-for-integrating-human-machine-autonomous-hma-systems-with-adaptive-evidence-sources
#10
Yu-Ting Liu, Nikhil R Pal, Amar R Marathe, Yu-Kai Wang, Chin-Teng Lin
A brain-computer interface (BCI) creates a direct communication pathway between the human brain and an external device or system. In contrast to patient-oriented BCIs, which are intended to restore inoperative or malfunctioning aspects of the nervous system, a growing number of BCI studies focus on designing auxiliary systems that are intended for everyday use. The goal of building these BCIs is to provide capabilities that augment existing intact physical and mental capabilities. However, a key challenge to BCI research is human variability; factors such as fatigue, inattention, and stress vary both across different individuals and for the same individual over time...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675073/designing-interaction-voice-and-inclusion-in-aac-research
#11
Graham Pullin, Jutta Treviranus, Rupal Patel, Jeff Higginbotham
The ISAAC 2016 Research Symposium included a Design Stream that examined timely issues across augmentative and alternative communication (AAC), framed in terms of designing interaction, designing voice, and designing inclusion. Each is a complex term with multiple meanings; together they represent challenging yet important frontiers of AAC research. The Design Stream was conceived by the four authors, researchers who have been exploring AAC and disability-related design throughout their careers, brought together by a shared conviction that designing for communication implies more than ensuring access to words and utterances...
July 4, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672283/effects-of-a-conversation-based-intervention-on-the-linguistic-skills-of-children-with-motor-speech-disorders-who-use-augmentative-and-alternative-communication
#12
Gloria Soto, Michael T Clarke
Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of a conversation-based intervention on the expressive vocabulary and grammatical skills of children with severe motor speech disorders and expressive language delay who use augmentative and alternative communication. Method: Eight children aged from 8 to 13 years participated in the study. After a baseline period, a conversation-based intervention was provided for each participant, in which they were supported to learn and use linguistic structures essential for the formation of clauses and the grammaticalization of their utterances, such as pronouns, verbs, and bound morphemes, in the context of personally meaningful and scaffolded conversations with trained clinicians...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668659/morbidity-and-mortality-amongst-indian-hajj-pilgrims-a-3-year-experience-of-indian-hajj-medical-mission-in-mass-gathering-medicine
#13
Inam D Khan, Shahbaz A Khan, Bushra Asima, Syed B Hussaini, M Zakiuddin, F A Faisal
The Hajj, a mass-gathering of over 3.5-million pilgrims, faces challenges to global health-security, housing, food, water, transportation, communication, sanitation, crowd-control and security. The Indian Medical Mission extended health-security to approximately 140,000 pilgrims, through outreach medical teams, primary-care clinics, tent-clinics, secondary-care hospitals and evacuation capabilities. Data on medical attendance, bed-occupancy, investigations, referrals, medication usage and deaths was compared...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659776/cholinergic-potentiation-and-audiovisual-repetition-imitation-therapy-improve-speech-production-and-communication-deficits-in-a-person-with-crossed-aphasia-by-inducing-structural-plasticity-in-white-matter-tracts
#14
Marcelo L Berthier, Irene De-Torres, José Paredes-Pacheco, Núria Roé-Vellvé, Karl Thurnhofer-Hemsi, María J Torres-Prioris, Francisco Alfaro, Ignacio Moreno-Torres, Diana López-Barroso, Guadalupe Dávila
Donepezil (DP), a cognitive-enhancing drug targeting the cholinergic system, combined with massed sentence repetition training augmented and speeded up recovery of speech production deficits in patients with chronic conduction aphasia and extensive left hemisphere infarctions (Berthier et al., 2014). Nevertheless, a still unsettled question is whether such improvements correlate with restorative structural changes in gray matter and white matter pathways mediating speech production. In the present study, we used pharmacological magnetic resonance imaging to study treatment-induced brain changes in gray matter and white matter tracts in a right-handed male with chronic conduction aphasia and a right subcortical lesion (crossed aphasia)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658678/revisiting-communicative-competence-in-augmentative-and-alternative-communication
#15
Meng-Ju Tsai
OBJECTIVE: This tutorial paper is to explore the novel nature of communicative competence in augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) practice by comparing it to communicative competence in naturally verbal dyadic communication. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This paper first reviews the four domains of communicative competence in AAC practice. Second, it examines competence in dyadic communications between naturally verbal people without disabilities, deriving new insights and using these to analyze the evolution of communicative competence in AAC practice...
June 29, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643924/exosomes-novel-regulators-of-bone-remodelling-and-potential-therapeutic-agents-for-orthodontics
#16
REVIEW
L S Holliday, K P McHugh, J Zuo, J I Aguirre, J K Neubert, W J Rody
Recent studies suggest that exosomes are involved in intercellular communication required for the maintenance of healthy bone. Exosomes are small (30-150 nm in diameter) extracellular vesicles that are formed in multivesicular bodies and are released from cells as the multivesicular bodies fuse with the plasma membrane. Regulatory exosomes have the capacity to exert profound control over target cells. They can stimulate plasma membrane receptors and are also internalized by the target cell delivering proteins, lipids, small molecules and functional RNAs from the cell of origin...
June 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637192/an-explorative-study-examining-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-training-in-the-field-of-music-therapy
#17
Anita L Gadberry, Alison Sweeney
Background: Music therapists work with many people who require Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC). As communication goals are central to music therapy practice, many music therapists would benefit from training in AAC. Objective: The purpose of this survey study was to determine the state of AAC education for music therapists at the university level, how AAC is being used in music therapy sessions, and how practicing music therapists are trained in AAC...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636914/peptide-protein-binding-investigated-by-far-ir-spectroscopy-and-molecular-dynamics-simulations
#18
Yoann Cote, Yves Nominé, Juan Ramirez, Petra Hellwig, Roland H Stote
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and far-infrared (far-IR) spectroscopy were combined to study peptide binding by the second PDZ domain (PDZ1) of MAGI1, which has been identified as an important target for the Human Papilloma Virus. PDZ1 recognizes and binds to the C-terminal end of the E6 protein from high-risk Human Papilloma Virus. The far-IR spectra of two forms of the protein, an unbound APO form and a HOLO form (where the PDZ1 is bound to an 11-residue peptide derived from the C terminus of HPV16 E6), were obtained...
June 20, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633531/the-effectiveness-of-aided-augmented-input-techniques-for-persons-with-developmental-disabilities-a-systematic-review
#19
Anna A Allen, Ralf W Schlosser, Kristofer L Brock, Howard C Shane
When working with individuals with little or no functional speech, clinicians often recommend that communication partners use the client's augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) device when speaking to the client. This is broadly known as "augmented input" and is thought to enhance the client's learning of language form and content. The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the effects of augmented input on communication outcomes in persons with developmental disabilities and persons with childhood apraxia of speech who use aided AAC...
June 21, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617614/effects-of-background-color-and-symbol-arrangement-cues-on-construction-of-multi-symbol-messages-by-young-children-without-disabilities-implications-for-aided-aac-design
#20
Jennifer J Thistle, Krista Wilkinson
Children whose speech does not meet their communication needs often benefit from augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). The design of an AAC display may influence the child's ability to communicate effectively. The current study examined how symbol background color cues and symbol arrangement affected construction of multi-symbol messages using line-drawing symbols, by young children with typical development. Participants (N = 52) heard a spoken phrase matching a photograph and selected line drawings within a 4 × 4 array...
June 15, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
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