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Augmentative communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917683/the-role-of-the-physical-environment-in-conversations-between-people-who-are-communication-vulnerable-and-health-care-professionals-a-scoping-review
#1
Steffy E A Stans, Ruth J P Dalemans, Luc P de Witte, Hester W H Smeets, Anna J Beurskens
PURPOSE: The role of the physical environment in communication between health-care professionals and persons with communication problems is a neglected area. This study provides an overview of factors in the physical environment that play a role in communication during conversations between people who are communication vulnerable and health-care professionals. METHOD: A scoping review was conducted using the methodological framework of Arksey and O'Malley. The PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL and Cochrane Library databases were screened, and a descriptive and thematic analysis was completed...
December 5, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917128/what-role-can-avatars-play-in-e-mental-health-interventions-exploring-new-models-of-client-therapist-interaction
#2
REVIEW
Imogen C Rehm, Emily Foenander, Klaire Wallace, Jo-Anne M Abbott, Michael Kyrios, Neil Thomas
In the burgeoning field of e-mental health interventions, avatars are increasingly being utilized to facilitate online communication between clients and therapists, and among peers. Avatars are digital self-representations, which enable individuals to interact with each other in computer-based virtual environments. In this narrative review, we examine the psychotherapeutic applications of avatars that have been investigated and trialed to date. Five key applications were identified (1) in the formation of online peer support communities; (2) replicating traditional modes of psychotherapy by using avatars as a vehicle to communicate within a wholly virtual environment; (3) using avatar technology to facilitate or augment face-to-face treatment; (4) as part of serious games; and (5) communication with an autonomous virtual therapist...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903977/dioscin-augments-hsv-tk-mediated-suicide-gene-therapy-for-melanoma-by-promoting-connexin-based-intercellular-communication
#3
Jianyong Xiao, Guangxian Zhang, Bin Li, Yingya Wu, Xijuan Liu, Yuhui Tan, Biaoyan Du
Suicide gene therapy is a promising strategy against melanoma. However, the low efficiency of the gene transfer technique can limit its application. Our preliminary data showed that dioscin, a glucoside saponin, could upregulate the expression of connexins Cx26 and Cx43, major components of gap junctions, in melanoma cells. We hypothesized that dioscin may increase the bystander effect of herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase/ganciclovir (HSV-tk/GCV) through increasing the formation of gap junctions. Further analysis showed that dioscin indeed could increase the gap junctional intercellular communication in B16 melanoma cells, resulting in more efficient GCV-induced bystander killing in B16tk cells...
November 26, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888564/communicating-with-children-and-families-about-obesity-and-weight-related-topics-a-scoping-review-of-best-practices
#4
REVIEW
A C McPherson, J Hamilton, S Kingsnorth, T J Knibbe, M Peters, J A Swift, K Krog, L Chen, A Steinberg, G D C Ball
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals have called for direction on how best to communicate about weight-related topics with children and families. Established scoping review methodology was used to answer the question: 'How can healthcare professionals best communicate with children and their families about obesity and weight-related topics?' METHODS: We searched four scientific databases, two grey literature repositories and 14 key journals (2005-2016). Inclusion criteria were (i) children up to and including 18 years of age and/or their parents; (ii) communication about healthy weight, overweight, obesity or healthy/active living; and (iii) healthcare setting...
November 26, 2016: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879626/smart-toys-designed-for-detecting-developmental-delays
#5
Diego Rivera, Antonio García, Bernardo Alarcos, Juan R Velasco, José Eugenio Ortega, Isaías Martínez-Yelmo
In this paper, we describe the design considerations and implementation of a smart toy system, a technology for supporting the automatic recording and analysis for detecting developmental delays recognition when children play using the smart toy. To achieve this goal, we take advantage of the current commercial sensor features (reliability, low consumption, easy integration, etc.) to develop a series of sensor-based low-cost devices. Specifically, our prototype system consists of a tower of cubes augmented with wireless sensing capabilities and a mobile computing platform that collect the information sent from the cubes allowing the later analysis by childhood development professionals in order to verify a normal behaviour or to detect a potential disorder...
November 20, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875167/temporal-summary-images-an-approach-to-narrative-visualization-via-interactive-annotation-generation-and-placement
#6
Chris Bryan, Kwan-Liu Ma, Jonathan Woodring
Visualization is a powerful technique for analysis and communication of complex, multidimensional, and time-varying data. However, it can be difficult to manually synthesize a coherent narrative in a chart or graph due to the quantity of visualized attributes, a variety of salient features, and the awareness required to interpret points of interest (POls). We present Temporal Summary Images (TSIs) as an approach for both exploring this data and creating stories from it. As a visualization, a TSI is composed of three common components: (1) a temporal layout, (2) comic strip-style data snapshots, and (3) textual annotations...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868434/communication-aid-requirements-of-intensive-care-unit-patients-with-transient-speech-loss
#7
Mohammad H Mobasheri, Dominic King, Simon Judge, Faizan Arshad, Marius Larsen, Zahra Safarfashandi, Hemal Shah, Anna Trepekli, Sanjay Trikha, Diamantis Xylas, Stephen J Brett, Ara Darzi
Alert and transiently nonvocal intensive care unit (ICU) patients are dependent on augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). Unfortunately, the literature demonstrates that existent AAC devices have not been widely adopted, and unaided methods are often the primary modalities used despite being insufficient, and frustrating. We present the results of a qualitative semi-structured interview study with 8 ex-ICU patients, 4 ICU patient relatives, and 6 ICU staff, exploring their AAC needs and requirements...
December 2016: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868309/an-examination-of-how-alcohol-brands-use-sport-to-engage-consumers-on-social-media
#8
Kate Westberg, Constantino Stavros, Aaron C T Smith, Geoff Munro, Kevin Argus
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: To examine how alcohol brands use sport in their communication activities on social media. Despite extensive research exploring alcohol advertising and sponsorship through sport, minimal attention has been given to digital platforms. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study undertakes a qualitative content analysis to examine the social media activity of alcohol brands sponsoring the three largest spectator sports in Australia: Australian rules football, rugby league and cricket...
November 20, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866415/teachers-perceptions-of-implementation-of-aided-aac-to-support-expressive-communication-in-south-african-special-schools-a-pilot-investigation
#9
Kerstin M Tönsing, Shakila Dada
Although the provision of assistive technology for students with disabilities has been mandated in South African education policy documents, limited data are available on the implementation of aided augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) in classrooms. This pilot investigation used a concurrent mixed-methods survey design to determine the extent to which aided AAC was implemented to foster students' expressive communication in preschool to Grade 3 classrooms in special schools from six urban school districts in the Gauteng (the smallest, most affluent and most densely populated of the nine South African provinces), and also obtained teachers' perceptions of this process...
December 2016: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860194/description-and-student-self-evaluation-of-a-pilot-small-group-learning-and-integrated-simulation-program-for-medical-students-in-the-first-clinical-year
#10
M R Levinson, D Kelly, K Zahariou, M Johnson, C Jackman, Sara Mackenzie
INTRODUCTION: Contemporary education for medical students should be student centered, integrated and contextualized. Small group learning promotes clinical reasoning and skills for lifelong learning. Simulation can provide experiential learning in a safe and controlled environment. We developed a weekly integrated problem based learning and simulation program (IPS) over two semesters in the first clinical year to augment clinical placement experience and contextualize theory into work relevant practice...
November 17, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853577/chemical-communication-is-not-sufficient-to-explain-reproductive-inhibition-in-the-bumblebee-bombus-impatiens
#11
Mario Padilla, Etya Amsalem, Naomi Altman, Abraham Hefetz, Christina M Grozinger
Reproductive division of labour is a hallmark of eusociality, but disentangling the underlying proximate mechanisms can be challenging. In bumblebees, workers isolated from the queen can activate their ovaries and lay haploid, male eggs. We investigated if volatile, contact, visual or behavioural cues produced by the queen or brood mediate reproductive dominance in Bombus impatiens. Exposure to queen-produced volatiles, brood-produced volatiles and direct contact with pupae did not reduce worker ovary activation; only direct contact with the queen could reduce ovary activation...
October 2016: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848259/platelet-secretion-in-inflammatory-and-infectious-diseases
#12
Bhanu K Manne, Shang Chun Xiang, Matthew T Rondina
Platelets are small, anucleate circulating cells that possess a dynamic repertoire of functions spanning the hemostatic, inflammatory, and immune continuum. Once thought to be merely cell fragments with responses limited primarily to acute hemostasis and vascular wall repair, platelets are now increasingly recognized as key sentinels and effector cells regulating host responses to many inflammatory and infectious cues. Platelet granules, including α-granules and dense-granules, store hundreds of factors and secrete these mediators in response to activating signals...
November 16, 2016: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832518/expanding-the-scope-of-an-automated-radiology-recommendation-tracking-engine-initial-experiences-and-lessons-learned
#13
Mindy Y Licurse, Darco Lalevic, Hanna M Zafar, Mitchell D Schnall, Tessa S Cook
An automated radiology recommendation-tracking engine for incidental focal masses in the liver, pancreas, kidneys, and adrenal glands was launched within our institution in July 2013. For 2 years, the majority of CT, MR, and US examination reports generated within our health system were mined by the engine. However, the need to expand the system beyond the initial four organs was soon identified. In July 2015, the second phase of the system was implemented and expanded to include additional anatomic structures in the abdomen and pelvis, as well as to provide non-radiology and non-imaging options for follow-up...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829148/pf4-promotes-platelet-production-and-lung-cancer-growth
#14
Ferdinando Pucci, Steffen Rickelt, Andita P Newton, Christopher Garris, Ernesto Nunes, Charles Evavold, Christina Pfirschke, Camilla Engblom, Mari Mino-Kenudson, Richard O Hynes, Ralph Weissleder, Mikael J Pittet
Co-option of host components by solid tumors facilitates cancer progression and can occur in both local tumor microenvironments and remote locations. At present, the signals involved in long-distance communication remain insufficiently understood. Here, we identify platelet factor 4 (PF4, CXCL4) as an endocrine factor whose overexpression in tumors correlates with decreased overall patient survival. Furthermore, engineered PF4 over-production in a Kras-driven lung adenocarcinoma genetic mouse model expanded megakaryopoiesis in bone marrow, augmented platelet accumulation in lungs, and accelerated de novo adenocarcinogenesis...
November 8, 2016: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825699/implementation-of-a-standardized-electronic-tool-improves-compliance-accuracy-and-efficiency-of-trainee-to-trainee-patient-care-handoffs-after-complex-general-surgical-oncology-procedures
#15
Callisia N Clarke, Sameer H Patel, Ryan W Day, Sobha George, Colin Sweeney, Georgina Avaloa Monetes De Oca, Mohamed Ait Aiss, Elizabeth G Grubbs, Brian K Bednarski, Jeffery E Lee, Diane C Bodurka, John M Skibber, Thomas A Aloia
BACKGROUND: Duty-hour regulations have increased the frequency of trainee-trainee patient handoffs. Each handoff creates a potential source for communication errors that can lead to near-miss and patient-harm events. We investigated the utility, efficacy, and trainee experience associated with implementation of a novel, standardized, electronic handoff system. METHODS: We conducted a prospective intervention study of trainee-trainee handoffs of inpatients undergoing complex general surgical oncology procedures at a large tertiary institution...
November 5, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819139/communication-opportunities-for-elementary-school-students-who-use-augmentative-and-alternative-communication
#16
Natalie R Andzik, Yun-Ching Chung, Michael P Kranak
Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems serve as the primary communication mode for many students with complex communication needs. The aim of this study was to describe the naturally occurring communication opportunities of students using AAC systems. We observed 23 students for a total of 117 hours across general education, special education, and non-academic settings. For each communication event, we recorded the setting, communication partner, student communication mode, availability of the AAC system, independent or prompted responses, and the consequence...
December 2016: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800662/awareness-and-prevalence-of-diabetes-hypertension-and-hypercholesterolemia-in-malaysia
#17
Steven T Yen, Andrew K G Tan, Mustapha I Feisul
BACKGROUND: Policy interventions of cardiovascular diseases require individual awareness of ailments. Such awareness is also key to changes by individuals in lifestyle and dietary habits. This study investigates the association of socio-demographic and health-lifestyle factors with awareness and prevalence of three ailments: diabetes, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia. METHODS: Data are obtained from the Malaysia Non-Communicable Disease Surveillance-1. Logistic regressions are estimated and odds ratios of exposure variables calculated...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777691/current-attitudes-toward-the-acgme-and-its-role-perspectives-of-a-national-multi-specialty-panel-of-residents-and-fellows
#18
Nicholas Weida, Lcdr Dinchen Jardine, Benjamin Kennedy, Amy Beane, Timothy Daskivich
BACKGROUND : Resident attitudes toward the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) likely influence the ACGME's effectiveness in its role of ensuring compliance with its requirements. Beyond perceptions of duty hour limits and their enforcement, there is a lack of data on resident perceptions of the ACGME and its role. OBJECTIVE : We explored resident attitudes toward the ACGME and developed recommendations for improved outreach to the resident community to improve perceptions...
October 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777634/effects-of-early-life-exposure-to-thip-on-phenotype-development-in-a-mouse-model-of-rett-syndrome
#19
Weiwei Zhong, Christopher Mychal Johnson, Yang Wu, Ningren Cui, Hao Xing, Shuang Zhang, Chun Jiang
BACKGROUND: Rett syndrome (RTT) is a neurodevelopmental disorder caused mostly by disruptions in the MECP2 gene. MECP2-null mice show imbalances in neuronal excitability and synaptic communications. Several previous studies indicate that augmenting synaptic GABA receptors (GABAARs) can alleviate RTT-like symptoms in mice. In addition to the synaptic GABAARs, there is a group of GABAARs found outside the synaptic cleft with the capability to produce sustained inhibition, which may be potential therapeutic targets for the control of neuronal excitability in RTT...
2016: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776421/research-note-attitudes-of-teachers-and-undergraduate-students-regarding-three-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-modalities
#20
Martina Christina Marion Schäfer, Dean Sutherland, Laurie McLay, Donna Achmadi, Larah van der Meer, Jeff Sigafoos, Giulio E Lancioni, Mark F O'Reilly, Ralf W Schlosser, Peter B Marschik
The social validity of different communication modalities is a potentially important variable to consider when designing augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) interventions. To assess the social validity of three AAC modes (i.e., manual signing, picture exchange, and an iPad(®)-based speech-generating device), we asked 59 undergraduate students (pre-service teachers) and 43 teachers to watch a video explaining each mode. They were then asked to nominate the mode they perceived to be easiest to learn as well as the most intelligible, effective, and preferred...
December 2016: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
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