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Augmentative communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314088/engaging-with-comparative-risk-appraisals-public-views-on-policy-priorities-for-environmental-risk-governance
#1
Sophie A Rocks, Iljana Schubert, Emma Soane, Edgar Black, Rachel Muckle, Judith Petts, George Prpich, Simon J Pollard
Communicating the rationale for allocating resources to manage policy priorities and their risks is challenging. Here, we demonstrate that environmental risks have diverse attributes and locales in their effects that may drive disproportionate responses among citizens. When 2,065 survey participants deployed summary information and their own understanding to assess 12 policy-level environmental risks singularly, their assessment differed from a prior expert assessment. However, participants provided rankings similar to those of experts when these same 12 risks were considered as a group, allowing comparison between the different risks...
March 17, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298888/reaching-and-grasping-a-glass-of-water-by-locked-in-als-patients-through-a-bci-controlled-humanoid-robot
#2
Rossella Spataro, Antonio Chella, Brendan Allison, Marcello Giardina, Rosario Sorbello, Salvatore Tramonte, Christoph Guger, Vincenzo La Bella
Locked-in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) patients are fully dependent on caregivers for any daily need. At this stage, basic communication and environmental control may not be possible even with commonly used augmentative and alternative communication devices. Brain Computer Interface (BCI) technology allows users to modulate brain activity for communication and control of machines and devices, without requiring a motor control. In the last several years, numerous articles have described how persons with ALS could effectively use BCIs for different goals, usually spelling...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295929/bex4-upregulation-alters-sertoli-cell-growth-properties-and-protein-expression-profiles-an-explanation-for-cadmium-induced-testicular-sertoli-cell-injury
#3
Wu Yu, Liu Yaping, Wu Mingjun, Hao Jie, Liao Xiaogang, Li Gang
Increasing evidence has demonstrated that cadmium (Cd) may induce testicular dysfunction by targeting genes that are expressed in the testis. Here, we demonstrated that BEX4 is expressed in testis Sertoli cells, and its expression was significantly upregulated by CdCl2 treatment through activating the p38 signaling pathway. To investigate whether augmented BEX4 expression affects Sertoli cell growth and function, BEX4-overexpressing TM4 Sertoli cells were established. Proteomics analysis identified 85 differentially expressed proteins in BEX4-overexpressing cells...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295266/cutaneous-phaeohyphomycosis
#4
Mariana P Caviedes, Ana C Torre, Maite Lisa Eliceche, Denise C Valdivia Monteros, Victoria I Volonteri, Ricardo L Galimberti
BACKGROUND: Phaeohyphomycosis is an infrequent infection in human beings. However, in recent years, its prevalence has augmented in immunosuppressed patients (mostly in solid organ transplanted patients). Infection can be mucocutaneous or disseminated. In the former, the fungus inoculation occurs mainly through traumatism. Lesions may be polymorphic and asymptomatic, isolated or multiple, and are usually localized in exposed areas of the limbs and head. Treatment is not standardized. When possible, surgical resection of the lesion is combined with systemic antifungals...
April 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268848/design-and-development-of-an-aac-app-based-on-a-speech-to-symbol-technology
#5
Elena Radici, Stefano Bonacina, Gianluca De Leo
The purpose of this paper is to present the design and the development of an Augmentative and Alternative Communication app that uses a speech to symbol technology to model language, i.e. to recognize the speech and display the text or the graphic content related to it. Our app is intended to be adopted by communication partners who want to engage in interventions focused on improving communication skills. Our app has the goal of translating simple speech sentences in a set of symbols that are understandable by children with complex communication needs...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257530/comparing-the-effects-of-speech-generating-device-display-organization-on-symbol-comprehension-and-use-by-three-children-with-developmental-delays
#6
Andrea Barton-Hulsey, Jane Wegner, Nancy C Brady, Betty H Bunce, Rose A Sevcik
Purpose: Three children ages 3;6 to 5;3 with developmental and language delays were provided experience with a traditional grid-based display and a contextually organized visual scene display on a speech-generating device to illustrate considerations for practice and future research in augmentative and alternative communication assessment and intervention. Method: Twelve symbols were taught in a grid display and visual scene display using aided input during dramatic play routines...
March 2, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252415/reliable-output-feedback-control-for-t-s-fuzzy-systems-with-decentralized-event-triggering-communication-and-actuator-failures
#7
Changzhu Zhang, Jinfei Hu, Jianbin Qiu, Qijun Chen
Due to the unavailability of full state variables in many control systems, this paper is concerned with the design of reliable observer-based output feedback controller for a class of network-based Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy systems with actuator failures. In order to better allocate network resources under the case that the sensor nodes are physically distributed, the decentralized event triggering communication scheme is adopted such that each sensor node is capable to determine the transmission of its local measurement information independently...
February 23, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252130/an-embedded-barcode-for-connected-malaria-rapid-diagnostic-tests
#8
Thomas F Scherr, Sparsh Gupta, David W Wright, Frederick R Haselton
Many countries are shifting their efforts from malaria control to disease elimination. New technologies will be necessary to meet the more stringent demands of elimination campaigns, including improved quality control of malaria diagnostic tests, as well as an improved means for communicating test results among field healthcare workers, test manufacturers, and national ministries of health. In this report, we describe and evaluate an embedded barcode within standard rapid diagnostic tests as one potential solution...
March 2, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227046/design-and-development-of-an-aac-app-based-on-a-speech-to-symbol-technology
#9
Elena Radici, Stefano Bonacina, Gianluca De Leo, Elena Radici, Stefano Bonacina, Gianluca De Leo, Gianluca De Leo, Stefano Bonacina, Elena Radici
The purpose of this paper is to present the design and the development of an Augmentative and Alternative Communication app that uses a speech to symbol technology to model language, i.e. to recognize the speech and display the text or the graphic content related to it. Our app is intended to be adopted by communication partners who want to engage in interventions focused on improving communication skills. Our app has the goal of translating simple speech sentences in a set of symbols that are understandable by children with complex communication needs...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222570/communication-vulnerable-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#10
Lavoisier Leite Neto, Ana Carolina Constantini, Regina Yu Shon Chun
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) exhibits speech disorders since the early stages that decrease the communication rate and interfere in social participation. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a literature review on communication vulnerable and Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. METHOD: Descriptors of the Health Sciences Descriptors (DeCS) were used: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Health Vulnerability, Communication Barriers, Nonverbal Communication, and Communication Aids for Disabled...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219959/randomised-prospective-medico-economic-nationwide-french-study-of-islet-transplantation-in-patients-with-severely-unstable-type-1-diabetes-the-stabilot-study-protocol
#11
Sandrine Lablanche, Sandra David-Tchouda, Jennifer Margier, Edith Schir, Anne Wojtusciszyn, Sophie Borot, Laurence Kessler, Emmanuel Morelon, Charles Thivolet, François Pattou, Marie Christine Vantyghem, Thierry Berney, Pierre-Yves Benhamou
INTRODUCTION: Islet transplantation may be an appropriate treatment option for patients with severely unstable type 1 diabetes experiencing major glucose variability with severe hypoglycaemia despite intensive insulin therapy. Few data are available on the costs associated with islet transplantation in relation to its benefits. The STABILOT study proposes to assess the economic impact of islet transplantation in comparison with the current best medical treatment defined as sensor-augmented pump (SAP) therapy...
February 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218009/the-use-of-social-media-by-adults-with-acquired-conditions-who-use-aac-current-gaps-and-considerations-in-research
#12
Helen L Paterson
The global growth and development of social media has had a positive impact on many individuals who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC), who use it to communicate and connect with others. Research evidence into the use of social media by adults with acquired conditions who use AAC is limited. These individuals are a heterogeneous population, who can present with a range of linguistic, cognitive and physical needs, some of which progress rapidly, making accessing social media a challenge. These issues warrant research focusing on developing interventions to support the use of social media and the impact of these interventions...
March 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212161/hearing-impairment-and-the-amelioration-of-avoidable-medical-error-a-cross-sectional-survey
#13
Patrick Henn, Colm OʼTuathaigh, Darrelle Keegan, Simon Smith
OBJECTIVES: Hearing loss contributes to suboptimal medical treatment. We investigated the nature and magnitude of potential health-care harm of hearing loss alone on a patient's understanding of medical consultations, investigations, and treatments of health conditions unrelated to their hearing loss. METHODS: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based design of a convenience sample of students with hearing loss, registered with the institutional disability support service in 8 Irish and 15 UK third-level institutions...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197572/three-in-one-prototropy-free-highly-stable-aadd-type-self-complementary-quadruple-hydrogen-bonded-molecular-duplexes-with-a-built-in-fluorophore
#14
Sanjeev Kheria, Suresh Rayavarapu, Amol S Kotmale, Gangadhar J Sanjayan
This communication reports an effective approach for addressing the prototropy-related problems in heterocycle-based AADD-type self-assembling systems by freezing their hydrogen-bonding codes, by utilizing intramolecular bifurcated hydrogen bonding interactions. Using this strategy, we have also developed a hydroquinone-conjugated AADD-type self-assembling system adorned with three valuable features such as prototropy-free dimerization yielding single duplexes, high duplex stability and a built-in fluorophore, which would augment its application potential...
February 15, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194349/contracted-nose-after-silicone-implantation-a-new-classification-system-and-treatment-algorithm
#15
Yong Kyu Kim, Seungho Shin, Nak Heon Kang, Joo Heon Kim
BACKGROUND: Silicone implants are frequently used in augmentation rhinoplasty in Asians. A common complication of silicone augmentation rhinoplasty is capsular contracture. This is similar to the capsular contracture after augmentation mammoplasty, but a classification for secondary contracture after augmentation rhinoplasty with silicone implants has not yet been established, and treatment algorithms by grade or severity have yet to be developed. METHODS: Photographs of 695 patients who underwent augmentation rhinoplasty with a silicone implant from May 2001 to May 2015 were analyzed...
January 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186814/optimum-mixed-state-discrimination-for-noisy-entanglement-enhanced-sensing
#16
Quntao Zhuang, Zheshen Zhang, Jeffrey H Shapiro
Quantum metrology utilizes nonclassical resources, such as entanglement or squeezed light, to realize sensors whose performance exceeds that afforded by classical-state systems. Environmental loss and noise, however, easily destroy nonclassical resources and, thus, nullify the performance advantages of most quantum-enhanced sensors. Quantum illumination (QI) is different. It is a robust entanglement-enhanced sensing scheme whose 6 dB performance advantage over a coherent-state sensor of the same average transmitted photon number survives the initial entanglement's eradication by loss and noise...
January 27, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173719/exo-mir-15a-transfer-from-the-pancreas-augments-diabetic-complications-by-inducing-oxidative-stress
#17
Tengku Ain Kamalden, Anne M Macgregor-Das, Sangeetha M Kannan, Brittany Dunkerly-Eyring, Nurliza Khaliddin, Zhenhua Xu, Anthony P Fusco, Syatirah Abu Yazib, Rhuen Chiou Chow, Elia J Duh, Marc K Halushka, Charles Steenbergen, Samarjit DAS
AIMS: Mi(cro)RNAs, one type of non-coding RNA, modulate post-transcriptional gene expression in various pathogenic pathways in type-2-diabetes (T2D). Currently, little is known about how miRNAs influence disease pathogenesis by targeting cells at a distance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of exosomal miRNAs during T2D. RESULTS: We show that miR-15a is increased in the plasma of diabetic patients, correlating with disease severity. miR-15 plays an important role in insulin production in pancreatic-β-cells...
February 7, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164412/j%C3%A3-rgen-habermas-and-the-dilemmas-of-experience-of-disability
#18
Krzysztof Pezdek, Wojciech Doliński
The article addresses Jürgen Habermas' theory of communicative action, which offers very productive tools for analysing disability. The Habermasian division of social reality helps examine positive and negative effects of tensions between the lifeworld of a person with disability and the system. By exploring such an individual's communicative action, one can obtain an insight into his/her validity claims and disruptions in the communication process and self-understandings inscribed in group narratives. The study reported in the article used in-depth interviews, which narratively reveal the experiences of a person with disability in family, education, sports and labour...
February 6, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151928/multiple-fentanyl-overdoses-new-haven-connecticut-june-23-2016
#19
Anthony J Tomassoni, Kathryn F Hawk, Karen Jubanyik, Daniel P Nogee, Thomas Durant, Kara L Lynch, Rushaben Patel, David Dinh, Andrew Ulrich, Gail D'Onofrio
On the evening of June 23, 2016, a white powder advertised as cocaine was purchased off the streets from multiple sources and used by an unknown number of persons in New Haven, Connecticut. During a period of less than 8 hours, 12 patients were brought to the emergency department (ED) at Yale New Haven Hospital, experiencing signs and symptoms consistent with opioid overdose. The route of intoxication was not known, but presumed to be insufflation ("snorting") in most cases. Some patients required doses of the opioid antidote naloxone exceeding 4 mg (usual initial dose = 0...
February 3, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140456/discussing-molecular-testing-in-oncology-care-comparing-patient-and-physician-information-preferences
#20
Ana P M Pinheiro, Rachel H Pocock, Jeffrey M Switchenko, Margie D Dixon, Walid L Shaib, Suresh S Ramalingam, Rebecca D Pentz
BACKGROUND: Molecular testing to inform treatment and clinical trial choices is now the standard of care for several types of cancer. However, no established guidelines exist for the type of information physicians should cover during discussions with the patient about the test or its results. The objectives of this study were to identify physician and patient preferences regarding information and who should communicate this information and how to inform guidelines for these conversations...
January 31, 2017: Cancer
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