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Augmentative communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147143/analyzing-text-recognition-from-tactually-evoked-eeg
#1
A Khasnobish, S Datta, R Bose, D N Tibarewala, A Konar
Tactual exploration of objects produce specific patterns in the human brain and hence objects can be recognized by analyzing brain signals during tactile exploration. The present work aims at analyzing EEG signals online for recognition of embossed texts by tactual exploration. EEG signals are acquired from the parietal region over the somatosensory cortex of blindfolded healthy subjects while they tactually explored embossed texts, including symbols, numbers, and alphabets. Classifiers based on the principle of supervised learning are trained on the extracted EEG feature space, comprising three features, namely, adaptive autoregressive parameters, Hurst exponents, and power spectral density, to recognize the respective texts...
December 2017: Cognitive Neurodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146153/the-stress-kinase-jnk-regulates-gap-junction-cx43-gene-expression-and-promotes-atrial-fibrillation-in-the-aged-heart
#2
Jiajie Yan, Justin K Thomson, Weiwei Zhao, Xiaomin Wu, Xianlong Gao, Dominic DeMarco, Wei Kong, Min Tong, Jun Sun, Mamdouh Bakhos, Vladimir G Fast, Qingrong Liang, Sumanth D Prabhu, Xun Ai
BACKGROUND: The stress kinase c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) is critical in the pathogenesis of cardiac diseases associated with an increased incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common arrhythmia in the elderly. We recently discovered that JNK activation is linked to the loss of gap junction connexin43 (Cx43) and enhanced atrial arrhythmogenicity. However, direct evidence for JNK-mediated impairment of intercellular coupling (cell-cell communication) in the intact aged atrium is lacking, as is evidence for whether and how JNK suppresses Cx43 in the aged human atrium...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141738/dynamic-clinical-algorithms-digital-technology-can-transform-health-care-decision-making
#3
David Bell, Noni Gachuhi, Nassim Assefi
Most health care in low-income countries is delivered at a primary care level by health workers who lack quality training and supervision, often distant from more experienced support. Lack of knowledge and poor communication result in a poor quality of care and inefficient delivery of health services. Although bringing great benefits in sectors such as finance and telecommunication in recent years, the Digital Revolution has lightly and inconsistently affected the health sector. These advances offer an opportunity to dramatically transform health care by increasing the availability and timeliness of information to augment clinical decision-making, based on improved access to patient histories, current information on disease epidemiology, and improved incorporation of data from point-of-care and centralized diagnostic testing...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126976/involvement-of-glucose-related-energy-crisis-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-insinuation-of-streptozotocin-induced-alzheimer-s-like-pathology
#4
Joyshree Biswas, Sonam Gupta, Dinesh Kumar Verma, Parul Gupta, Abhishek Singh, Shubhangini Tiwari, Poonam Goswami, Sharad Sharma, Sarika Singh
The present study was conducted to correlate the cellular and molecular alterations in Alzheimer's pathology employing streptozotocin (STZ) induced experimental rat model. The STZ was administered in rat brain bilaterally by intracerebroventricular route using stereotaxic surgery followed by donepezil dosing. The Alzheimer's related pathological marker like acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, tau phosphorylation and amyloid aggregation were observed after STZ administration. STZ treatment showed decreased glucose and glucose transporters (GLUT) level along with augmented level of calcium in both cortical and hippocampal regions of rat brain...
November 7, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124391/implementing-a-digital-real-time-hydrocephalus-and-shunt-registry-to-evaluate-contemporary-pattern-of-care-and-surgical-outcome-in-pediatric-hydrocephalus
#5
Hans Christoph Bock, Maximilian Kanzler, Ulrich-Wilhelm Thomale, Hans Christoph Ludwig
OBJECTIVE: Treatment monitoring and outcome evaluation in pediatric hydrocephalus require gapless documentation regarding surgical and clinical follow-up data beginning from day 1 of treatment in order to apply high quality of care. Endoscopic procedures, shunt insertion and revision surgeries, and individual modifications of valve hardware or pressure settings during follow-up as well as established outcome measurements are highly relevant for complete illustration of the patient's hydrocephalus histories...
November 9, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121849/attitudes-and-concerns-of-doctors-and-nurses-about-using-a-translation-application-for-in-hospital-brief-interactions-with-korean-patients
#6
Karen Jean Day, Nicole Song
BACKGROUND: New Zealand is becoming more ethnically diverse, with rising numbers of people with limited English language proficiency. Consequently, hospital interactions are increasing where patients have insufficient English to communicate adequately with doctors or nurses for appropriate, effective, and safe care. Translation technology is rapidly evolving, but evidence is limited regarding its usefulness to clinicians. OBJECTIVE: To examine the acceptability to doctors and nurses of a translation application (app) used on a tablet, in brief interactions with Korean patients...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121195/a-national-survey-of-simulation-use-in-university-programs-in-communication-sciences-and-disorders
#7
Carol C Dudding, Elizabeth E Nottingham
Purpose: This study provides a framework for understanding the range and diversity of simulation use, along with the benefits and challenges to the growth of simulation in university programs in communication sciences and disorders (CSD) across the United States. Method: A web-based questionnaire was developed and deployed to educators in undergraduate and graduate speech-language pathology and audiology programs in the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association EdFind database (N = 309)...
November 9, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096708/family-resilience-and-adaptive-coping-in-children-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#8
Sophia Saetes, Lisa Hynes, Brian E McGuire, Line Caes
BACKGROUND: This systematic review is the first step in a study investigating the resilience methods and processes in families of children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. In particular, this review will focus on chronic or persistent pain, as a common symptom of juvenile idiopathic arthritis, which is the most common rheumatic disease in childhood. The experience of persistent pain can add to the functional disability associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Resilience has relevance to all areas of paediatric psychology, and targeted attention to child, sibling, and parent strengths within the context of paediatric chronic pain and juvenile idiopathic arthritis in particular will augment the field on numerous levels...
November 2, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092716/the-150-most-important-questions-in-cancer-research-and-clinical-oncology-series-questions-67-75-edited-by-chinese-journal-of-cancer
#9
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
Since the beginning of 2017, Chinese Journal of Cancer has published a series of important questions in cancer research and clinical oncology, which sparkle diverse thoughts, interesting communications, and potential collaborations among researchers all over the world. In this article, 9 more questions are presented as followed. Question 67. How could we overcome the resistance of hepatocellular carcinoma against chemotherapeutics? Question 68. Is pursuit of non-covalent small-molecule binders of RAS proteins viable as a strategy of cancer drug discovery? Question 69...
November 1, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079601/determining-counselling-communication-strategies-associated-with-successful-quits-in-the-national-health-service-community-pharmacy-stop-smoking-programme-in-east-london-a-focused-ethnography-using-recorded-consultations
#10
Carol Rivas, Ratna Sohanpal, Virginia MacNeill, Liz Steed, Elizabeth Edwards, Laurence Antao, Chris Griffiths, Sandra Eldridge, Stephanie Taylor, Robert Walton
OBJECTIVES: To determine communication strategies associated with smoking cessation in the National Health Service community pharmacy Stop Smoking programme. SETTING: 11 community pharmacies in three inner east London boroughs. PARTICIPANTS: 9 stop smoking advisers and 16 pairs of smokers who either quit or did not quit at 4 weeks, matched on gender, ethnicity, age and smoking intensity. METHOD: 1-3 audio-recorded consultations between an adviser and each pair member over 5-6 weeks were analysed using a mixed-method approach...
October 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079079/assessing-cognitive-functioning-in-females-with-rett-syndrome-by-eye-tracking-methodology
#11
Jaana Ahonniska-Assa, Orli Polack, Einat Saraf, Judy Wine, Tamar Silberg, Andreea Nissenkorn, Bruria Ben-Zeev
BACKGROUND: While many individuals with severe developmental impairments learn to communicate with augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices, a significant number of individuals show major difficulties in the effective use of AAC. Recent technological innovations, i.e., eye-tracking technology (ETT), aim to improve the transparency of communication and may also enable a more valid cognitive assessment. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether ETT in forced-choice tasks can enable children with very severe motor and speech impairments to respond consistently, allowing a more reliable evaluation of their language comprehension...
October 10, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068946/mixed-reality-with-hololens-where-virtual-reality-meets-augmented-reality-in-the-operating-room
#12
Oren M Tepper, Hayeem L Rudy, Aaron Lefkowitz, Katie A Weimer, Shelby M Marks, Carrie S Stern, Evan S Garfein
Virtual reality and augmented reality devices have recently been described in the surgical literature. The authors have previously explored various iterations of these devices, and although they show promise, it has become clear that virtual reality and/or augmented reality devices alone do not adequately meet the demands of surgeons. The solution may lie in a hybrid technology known as mixed reality, which merges many virtual reality and augmented realty features. Microsoft's HoloLens, the first commercially available mixed reality device, provides surgeons intraoperative hands-free access to complex data, the real environment, and bidirectional communication...
November 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060667/tonguetospeech-tts-wearable-wireless-assistive-device-for-augmented-speech
#13
Nicholas Marjanovic, Giacomo Piccinini, Kevin Kerr, Hananeh Esmailbeigi
Speech is an important aspect of human communication; individuals with speech impairment are unable to communicate vocally in real time. Our team has developed the TongueToSpeech (TTS) device with the goal of augmenting speech communication for the vocally impaired. The proposed device is a wearable wireless assistive device that incorporates a capacitive touch keyboard interface embedded inside a discrete retainer. This device connects to a computer, tablet or a smartphone via Bluetooth connection. The developed TTS application converts text typed by the tongue into audible speech...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057676/comparison-of-the-effects-of-mobile-technology-aac-apps-on-programming-visual-scene-displays
#14
Jessica Caron, Janice Light, Beth E Davidoff, Kathryn D R Drager
Parents and professionals who work with individuals who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) face tremendous time pressures, especially when programming vocabulary in AAC technologies. System design (from programming functions to layout options) necessitates a range of skills related to operational competence and can impose intensive training demands for communication partners. In fact, some AAC applications impose considerable learning demands, which can lead to increased time to complete the same programming tasks...
December 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053523/enhanced-informed-consent-in-hand-surgery-techniques-to-improve-the-informed-consent-process
#15
Brent R DeGeorge, Anthony J Archual, Bruce D Gehle, Raymond F Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045194/testing-an-aac-system-that-transforms-pictograms-into-natural-language-with-persons-with-cerebral-palsy
#16
Joan Pahisa-Solé, Jordi Herrera-Joancomartí
In this paper, we describe a compansion system that transforms the telegraphic language that comes from the use of pictogram-based Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) into natural language. The system was tested with 4 participants with severe cerebral palsy and ranging degrees of linguistic competence and intellectual disabilities. Participants had used pictogram-based AAC at least for the past 30 years each and presented a stable linguistic profile. During tests, which consisted in a total of 40 sessions, participants were able to learn new linguistic skills, such as the use of basic verb tenses, while using the compansion system, which proved a source of motivation...
October 18, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037246/effectors-of-th1-and-th17-cells-act-on-astrocytes-and-augment-their-neuroinflammatory-properties
#17
Chittappen K Prajeeth, Julius Kronisch, Reza Khorooshi, Benjamin Knier, Henrik Toft-Hansen, Viktoria Gudi, Stefan Floess, Jochen Huehn, Trevor Owens, Thomas Korn, Martin Stangel
BACKGROUND: Autoreactive Th1 and Th17 cells are believed to mediate the pathology of multiple sclerosis in the central nervous system (CNS). Their interaction with microglia and astrocytes in the CNS is crucial for the regulation of the neuroinflammation. Previously, we have shown that only Th1 but not Th17 effectors activate microglia. However, it is not clear which cells are targets of Th17 effectors in the CNS. METHODS: To understand the effects driven by Th17 cells in the CNS, we induced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in wild-type mice and CD4(+) T cell-specific integrin α4-deficient mice where trafficking of Th1 cells into the CNS was affected...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026509/development-and-evaluation-of-a-speech-generating-aac-mobile-app-for-minimally-verbal-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-mainland-china
#18
Sainan An, Xiaoping Feng, Yue Dai, Hongli Bo, Xiuqing Wang, Mu Li, John Zhuohao Woo, Xingmei Liang, Cheng Guo, Charles Xingchao Liu, Liping Wei
BACKGROUND: Mobile touchscreen devices are currently being used as speech-generating devices (SGDs) and have been shown to promote the communication skills, particularly the requesting skills of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) who have limited spoken language. However, no augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) mobile app has been developed and evaluated in the Chinese language in Mainland China. METHODS: We developed an AAC mobile app, which is the first in Mainland China, to our knowledge, named Yuudee (Chinese name (xiaoyudi))...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025706/no-augments-endothelial-reactivity-by-reducing-myoendothelial-calcium-signal-spreading-a-novel-role-for-cx37-connexin-37-and-shp-2
#19
Kristin Pogoda, Hanna Mannell, Stephanie Blodow, Holger Schneider, Kai Michael Schubert, Jiehua Qiu, Andreas Schmidt, Axel Imhof, Heike Beck, Laurentia Irina Tanase, Alexander Pfeifer, Ulrich Pohl, Petra Kameritsch
OBJECTIVE: Because of its strategic position between endothelial and smooth muscle cells in microvessels, Cx37 (Connexin 37) plays an important role in myoendothelial gap junctional intercellular communication. We have shown before that NO inhibits gap junctional intercellular communication through gap junctions containing Cx37. However, the underlying mechanism is not yet identified. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Using channel-forming Cx37 mutants exhibiting partial deletions or amino acid exchanges in their C-terminal loops, we now show that the phosphorylation state of a tyrosine residue at position 332 (Y332) in the C terminus of Cx37 controls the gap junction-dependent spread of calcium signals...
October 12, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023243/pediatric-auditory-brainstem-implantation-surgical-electrophysiologic-and-behavioral-outcomes
#20
Holly F B Teagle, Lillian Henderson, Shuman He, Matthew G Ewend, Craig A Buchman
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to demonstrate the safety of auditory brainstem implant (ABI) surgery and document the subsequent development of auditory and spoken language skills in children without neurofibromatosis type II (NFII). DESIGN: A prospective, single-subject observational study of ABI in children without NFII was undertaken at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Five children were enrolled under an investigational device exemption sponsored by the investigators...
October 11, 2017: Ear and Hearing
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