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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146627/single-session-versus-staged-procedures-for-elective-multivessel-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#1
Toshiaki Toyota, Takeshi Morimoto, Hiroki Shiomi, Kyohei Yamaji, Kenji Ando, Koh Ono, Satoshi Shizuta, Naritatsu Saito, Takao Kato, Shuichiro Kaji, Yutaka Furukawa, Yoshihisa Nakagawa, Kazushige Kadota, Minoru Horie, Takeshi Kimura
OBJECTIVES: To clarify the effect of single-session multivessel percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) strategy relative to the staged multivessel strategy on clinical outcomes in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) or non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: In the Coronary REvascularisation Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto PCI/coronary artery bypass grafting registry cohort-2, there were 2018 patients who underwent elective multivessel PCI...
November 16, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142986/cardiac-autonomic-neuropathy-predicts-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-failure-a%C3%A2-5-year-prospective-study
#2
Dimitrios Doulgerakis, Ioannis Moyssakis, Chris J Kapelios, Ioanna Eleftheriadou, Stamatia Chorepsima, Spyridon Michail, Nikolaos Tentolouris
Introduction: Chronic renal disease is associated with increased cardiovascular (CV) mortality. Cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is predictive of mortality for diseases that affect the autonomic nervous system. We prospectively evaluated the prognostic value of indexes of left ventricular (LV) function and CAN in all-cause and CV mortality of patients with end-stage renal failure (ESRF). Methods: A total of 133 patients with ESRF were recruited. LV function was evaluated by echocardiography, whereas cardiac autonomic function was assessed using the battery of the 4 standardized tests proposed by Ewing...
July 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139033/relationship-between-airflow-obstruction-and-coronary-atherosclerosis-in-asymptomatic-individuals-evaluation-by-coronary-ct-angiography
#3
Jin-Jin Kim, Dong-Bin Kim, Sung-Won Jang, Eun Joo Cho, Kiyuk Chang, Sang Hong Baek, Ho-Joong Youn, Wook Sung Chung, Ki-Bae Seung, Tai-Ho Rho, Jung Im Jung, Byung-Hee Hwang
Airflow obstruction is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, the causal mechanisms linking airflow obstruction with higher incidence of cardiovascular events remain elusive. We evaluated the relationship between airflow obstruction, a key feature of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and prevalence, extent, and severity of coronary atherosclerosis in a large cohort of asymptomatic subjects. Participants were recruited from those undergoing spirometry and coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) as part of a general health evaluation from March 2009 to February 2011...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134346/outcomes-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-for-chronic-total-occlusion-according-to-baseline-renal-function
#4
Barbara E Stähli, Cathérine Gebhard, Michael Gick, Miroslaw Ferenc, Kambis Mashayekhi, Heinz Joachim Buettner, Franz-Josef Neumann, Aurel Toma
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) adversely affects outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease. Data on the impact of renal impairment on prognosis of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusion (CTO) are scarce. METHODS: A total of 2002 patients undergoing CTO PCI were stratified according to baseline renal function (group 1: estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] ≥ 90 ml/min/1.73 m(2), group 2: 60 to 89 ml/min/1...
November 13, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133976/bisphosphonates-atherosclerosis-and-vascular-calcification-update-and-systematic-review-of-clinical-studies
#5
REVIEW
Carla Caffarelli, Andrea Montagnani, Ranuccio Nuti, Stefano Gonnelli
Background: Epidemiologic and clinical data have suggested the existence of a biologic linkage between the bone system and the vascular system. Bisphosphonates (BPs) are effective inhibitors of bone resorption and are currently considered the drugs of choice for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis and related fractures. Data from several publications have suggested that BPs may also be effective in reducing the atherosclerotic process and vascular calcification, but the results of these studies are contrasting...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132701/postoperative-outcome-after-pulmonary-surgery-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-elderly-patients
#6
Deniece D E M A Detillon, Eelco J Veen
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the main cause of cancer-related death in the Netherlands. Surgery offers the best potential cure, but lower rates of surgery are recorded for octogenarians because of concerns regarding morbidity and mortality. METHODS: We analyzed the Dutch Lung Surgery Audit database to determine the postoperative outcome of lung cancer resections for patients aged 60 years or more between January 2013 and December 2014. Three groups were compared: patients aged 80 years or more, patients aged 70 to 79 years, and patients aged 60 to 69 years...
November 10, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131289/negative-predictors-of-treatment-success-in-outpatient-therapy-of-arterial-hypertension-in-poland-results-of-the-control-nt-observational-registry
#7
Krzysztof J Filipiak, Mariusz Tomaniak, Anna E Płatek, Filip M Szymański, Andrzej Tykarski
BACKGROUND: Identification of factors interfering with adequate control of arterial hypertension in the course of antihypertensive therapy is necessary to plan the strategy or reducing the incidence of cardiovascular disorders and optimize clinical practice guidelines. There have only been limited reliable studies describing the current status of hypertension treatment. AIM: The study objective was to conduct a screening assessment of the rate of uncontrolled hypertension among hypertensive patients coming to a routine follow-up visit, and to characterize patients with inadequate control of arterial hypertension in the aspect of their cardiovascular risk profile and therapeutic strategies used...
November 13, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130613/impact-of-anemia-on-long-term-outcomes-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-for-chronic-total-occlusion
#8
Barbara E Stähli, Cathérine Gebhard, Michael Gick, Miroslaw Ferenc, Kambis Mashayekhi, Heinz Joachim Buettner, Franz-Josef Neumann, Aurel Toma
OBJECTIVES: A single-centre, observational study was performed in order to investigate the relationship between anemia and outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusion (CTO). BACKGROUND: Anemia has been identified as adverse predictor in patients with coronary artery disease undergoing coronary revascularization. Data on the impact of anemia on outcomes in patients undergoing PCI for CTO lesions are lacking. METHODS: A total of 1,964 patients undergoing CTO PCI were stratified according to the presence/absence of anemia (hemoglobin of <13 g/dl for men and <12 g/dl for women)...
November 11, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129258/long-term-outcomes-of-bypass-grafting-versus-drug-eluting-stenting-for-left-main-coronary-artery-disease-results-from-the-iris-main-registry
#9
Pil Hyung Lee, Jong-Young Lee, Cheol Whan Lee, Seungbong Han, Jung-Min Ahn, Duk-Woo Park, Soo-Jin Kang, Seung-Whan Lee, Young-Hak Kim, Seong-Wook Park, Seung-Jung Park
There are limited data on comparative outcomes and its determinants following coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES) for left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD) in a real-world setting. METHODS: A total of 3,504 consecutive patients with LMCAD treated with CABG (n=1,301) or PCI with DES (n=2,203) from the IRIS-MAIN registry were analyzed. The relative treatment effect of one strategy over another was assessed by propensity-score matching method...
November 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128412/association-between-gestational-diabetes-and-incident-maternal-ckd-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#10
Elizabeth W Dehmer, Milind A Phadnis, Erica P Gunderson, Cora E Lewis, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Stephanie M Engel, Michele Jonsson Funk, Holly Kramer, Abhijit V Kshirsagar, Gerardo Heiss
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with increased risk for diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular disease. We evaluated whether GDM is associated with incident chronic kidney disease (CKD), controlling for prepregnancy risk factors for both conditions. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Of 2,747 women (aged 18-30 years) enrolled in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study in 1985 to 86, we studied 820 who were nulliparous at enrollment, delivered at least 1 pregnancy longer than 20 weeks' gestation, and had kidney function measurements during 25 years of follow-up...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127758/-physical-activity-the-holy-grail-of-modern-medicine
#11
Vladimír Tuka, Martina Daňková, Karel Riegel, Martin Matoulek
Movement is the basic attribute of life. It is not surprising that the return to regular physical activity is a very effective and cheap means of preventing and treating most non-cummunicable diseases. Therefore, every physician should be able to prescribe a suitable physical activity. The minimum amount of physical activity with proven effects in primary prevention of chronic diseases is relatively low: 150 minutes of moderate physical activity or 75 minutes of high intensity exercise per week or a combination of the two...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127750/-cosyrel-an-efficient-fixed-combination-for-treatment-of-hypertension-stable-ishd-and-heart-failure
#12
Jiří Widimský
Fixed combinations of two or three drugs are being frequently used in cardiovascular diseases. This approach markedly increases adherence of the patients to prolonged therapy and thus leads to better control of the diseases. Fixed combinations are often used in hypertension and coronary artery disease (CAD). Cosyrel is the first fixed combination of betablocker (bisoprolol fumarat) and ACE inhibitor (perindopril arginin) available in czech market. The advantage is availability in several concentrations (10 mg/10 mg, 10 mg/5 mg a 5 mg/10 mg a 5 mg/5 mg) , when first indicates bisoprolol dose and the second perindopril...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118945/the-role-of-cholesterol-enriched-diet-and-paraoxonase-1-inhibition-in-atherosclerosis-progression
#13
Masoumeh Amani, Akbar Darbin, Masoud Pezeshkian, Abbas Afrasiabi, Naser Safaie, Ahmadreza Jodati, Masoud Darabi, Maghsod Shaaker, Zeinab Latifi, Amir Fattahi, Gholam-Hossein Farjah, Mohammad Nouri, Mohammad Hassan Khadem-Ansari
Introduction: Atherosclerosis could be deemed as a chronic, progressive, and inflammatory disease. It has been well-documented that high-density lipoprotein (HDL) can reduce the risk of the atherosclerosis occurrence through exerting some anti-atherogenic mechanisms. In recent years, the strong evidence has suggested that paraoxonase 1 (PON1) may contribute to antioxidant properties of HDL. In the present study, the impact of a diet enriched with cholesterol and also the PON1 inhibition on atheroma formation and lipid profile has been investigated...
2017: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118884/breast-arterial-calcifications-on-mammography-do-not-predict-myocardial-ischemia-on-myocardial-perfusion-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography
#14
Ahmed Fathala, Salma Salem, Fahad Alanazi, Deema Abunayyan, Abdelmoneim M Eldali, Abdulaziz Alsugair
Background: The aim of this study was to determine if breast arterial calcification (BAC) on mammography predicts myocardial ischemia (MI) on stress myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (MPS). BAC is a type of medial artery calcification that can be seen incidentally on mammography, but the relationship between coronary artery calcification and MI on MPS is yet unknown. Methods: A total of 435 consecutive women underwent mammography and stress MPS within 1 year of each other...
October 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113336/asymptomatic-hyperuricemia-and-coronary-artery-disease-in-elderly-patients-without-comorbidities
#15
Junnan Wu, Guangtao Lei, Xiao Wang, Yuezhong Tang, Huan Cheng, Guihua Jian, Xianfeng Wu, Niansong Wang
Because many subjects with hyperuricemia have comorbidities, it can be difficult to differentiate the role of hyperuricemia from that of other comorbidities of coronary artery disease (CAD). Subjects aged ≥ 65 years were enrolled in the study and were available at enrollment and at 5-year follow-up. Subjects were excluded if they were overweight or obese, hypertensive, diabetic, hyperlipidemic, had a pre-existing cardiovascular disease, a history of gout or hyperuricemia on medications, or chronic kidney disease as estimated by a glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 60 mL/min per 1...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112944/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-affects-the-angiographic-presentation-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-treated-with-percutaneous-coronary-interventions
#16
Rafał Januszek, Zbigniew Siudak, Artur Dziewierz, Tomasz Rakowski, Dariusz Dudek, Stanisław Bartuś
INTRODUCTION    The incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in patients treated with percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) is underestimated, and the effect of COPD on PCI and atherosclerosis is not fully understood.  OBJECTIVES    The aim of this study was to assess the impact of COPD on periprocedural outcomes of PCIs and its relationship with clinical presentation and type of coronary artery lesions.  PATIENTS AND METHODS    Data were prospectively collected using the National PCI Registry (ORPKI) electronic database of all PCI procedures performed in Poland...
November 7, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112241/periodontal-therapy-for-the-management-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis
#17
REVIEW
Chunjie Li, Zongkai Lv, Zongdao Shi, Ye Zhu, Yafei Wu, Longjiang Li, Zipporah Iheozor-Ejiofor
BACKGROUND: There is an association between chronic periodontitis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, it is not known whether periodontal therapy could prevent or manage CVD in patients with chronic periodontitis. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this systematic review was to investigate the effects of periodontal therapy in preventing the occurrence of, and management or recurrence of, CVD in patients with chronic periodontitis. SEARCH METHODS: Cochrane Oral Health's Information Specialist searched the following databases: Cochrane Oral Health's Trials Register (to 31 August 2017), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (the Cochrane Library, 2017, Issue 7), MEDLINE Ovid (1946 to 31 August 2017), Embase Ovid (1980 to 31 August 2017) and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL EBSCO) (1937 to 31 August 2017) ...
November 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110161/association-between-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-by-glucose-breath-test-and-coronary-artery-disease
#18
Andre Fialho, Andrea Fialho, Gursimran Kochhar, Aldo L Schenone, Prashanti Thota, Arthur J McCullough, Bo Shen
BACKGROUND: A possible role of gut bacteria and their metabolic by-products in the development of coronary artery disease (CAD) is suspected. There is a lack of studies evaluating the association of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) with the development of CAD. AIM: To evaluate the frequency and risk factors for angiography-confirmed CAD in patients with or without SIBO. METHODS: A total of 1059 patients tested for SIBO using the glucose hydrogen/methane breath test from 2006 to 2014 were evaluated...
November 6, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109596/soluble-urokinase-plasminogen-activator-receptor-and-the-risk-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-young-chinese-patients
#19
Yuli Huang, Haobin Zhou, Yu Wu, You Yang, Wensheng Li, Jianhua Lu, Yunzhao Hu
Background: Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is a novel marker of chronic inflammation and is considered to be a risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) in Caucasians. This study investigated the role of suPAR in young Chinese patients with CAD. Methods: The study involved a total of 196 consecutive young (age ≤ 55 years) patients with angiographically proven CAD and 188 age-matched non-CAD individuals as controls. Traditional risk factors were evaluated using conventional assays, and levels of suPAR were measured by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays...
2017: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108842/increased-risk-of-multimorbidity-in-patients-with-sarcoidosis-a-population-based-cohort-study-1976-to-2013
#20
Patompong Ungprasert, Eric L Matteson, Cynthia S Crowson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk and pattern of multimorbidity in patients with sarcoidosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort of all residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota, first diagnosed with sarcoidosis between January 1, 1976, and December 31, 2013, was identified through the medical record linkage system of the Rochester Epidemiology Project. Diagnosis was verified by individual medical record review. A cohort of sex- and age-matched comparators without sarcoidosis was assembled from the same population...
November 3, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
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