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chest x-ray of hydropneumothorax

Toshinari Ema, Kazuhito Funai, Akikazu Kawase, Hiroaki Oiwa, Shuhei Iizuka, Norihiko Shiiya
A 61-year-old man was admitted to the emergency room because of sudden right chest pain and dyspnea. A chest X-ray and chest computed tomography (CT) revealed severe right pneumothorax with massive pleural effusion. Chest drainage was performed and approximately 1.2 L of pleural fluid was removed. Hemothorax was suspected based on the imaging findings, but the pleural effusion was serous. Active air leakage continued for 4 days after chest drainage, thus we decided to surgically control the air leakage and performed video-assisted surgery...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Hamida Kwas, Ines Zendah, Habib Ghedira
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) is a frequent complication of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and a severe form of the disease. In spite of the fact that TB is a common cause of pneumothorax, a very few series, have been reported. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed the experience of SP secondary to TB in patients who were hospitalized in our department between 2005 and 2015. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 38,5±19 years. Two patients had a history of pulmonary tuberculosis...
April 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
Lamyae Amro, Saloua El Fadili, Hind Serhane, Hafsa Sajiai, Salma Ait Batahar
Hydatid cyst is an infectious disease which is quite frequent in Morocco. Pelvic and pancreatic locations of this parasitic infection are rare, namely exceptional. We report the case of a 66-year old patient who was operated for liver hydatic cyst 6 years before, presenting for chest pain associated with hydatidoptysis. Chest X-ray objectified left hydropneumothorax. Thoraco-abdominopelvic CT showed mediastinal liquid mass as well as multiple hepatic, pancreatic (isthmus), pelvic and left under diaphragmatic cystic lesions...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
Joseph R Shiber, Emily Fontane, Jin H Ra, Andrew J Kerwin
BACKGROUND: A brief review of the historical aspects of esophageal rupture is presented along with a case and current recommendations for diagnostic evaluation and treatment. CASE REPORT: A 97-year-old woman complained of acute dyspnea without prior vomiting. Chest x-ray study showed a large right pneumothorax with associated effusion. A thoracostomy tube was placed with return of > 1 L turbid fluid with polymicrobial culture and elevated pleural fluid amylase level...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Mohd Jazman Che Rahim, Nurashikin Mohammad, Wan Syamimee Wan Ghazali
We report a case of a 46-year-old Malay woman with underlying hypothyroidism post thyroidectomy who presented with worsening breathlessness, orthopnoea, productive cough and left-sided pleuritic chest pain of 3 days duration. Chest X-ray on admission showed left-sided massive hydropneumothorax. Pleural tapping revealed empyema. A chest tube was inserted immediately. The culture of pleural fluid grew Streptococcus constellatus The patient was treated with antibiotics for a total of 6 weeks and underwent open thoracotomy and decortication during admission...
November 23, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Een Hendarsih, Trinugroho H Fadjari, Amaylia Oehadian
We present 2 patients who developed spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) following rapid regression of lymphoma and rhabdomyosarcoma with lung metastases. Case 1, a 43-year old man was admitted to our hospital with dyspnea 10 days before admission. He denied any recent trauma or previous treatment for lung tuberculosis. Three weeks prior to admission, he received first cycle of CHOP for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma stage II BE. Chest X-ray consistent with right pneumothorax. After treatment with chest tube drainage for about 1 month, the patient recovered and chemotherapy could be continued without further complications...
April 2016: Acta Medica Indonesiana
David DeLapp, Christopher Chan, Perry Nystrom
Mesothelioma is a rare pulmonary malignancy commonly associated with asbestos exposure. Its presentation is insidious and non-specific, with complaints of chest pain, dyspnea and cough. Chest X-ray may demonstrate unilateral pleural effusion. CT and PET scans may highlight nodular pleural plaques. Diagnosis often times is difficult with negative imaging and negative pleural fluid studies. In rare cases, hydropneumothoraces may be seen. We report a case of malignant pleural mesothelioma presenting as recurrent hydropneumothorax with negative CT scan of the chest for pleural abnormalities and negative pleural fluid studies...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Carolina Ortega, Carla Gonzales, Manuel E Soto-Martinez, Adriana Yock-Corrales
Hydropneumothorax is an uncommon presentation of a complicated pneumonia, and very few cases in the pediatric population have been reported. This is a case of a 5-month-old patient who presented to the emergency department (ED) with a three-day history of fever, diarrhea, and respiratory distress. His initial assessment suggested a lower respiratory tract infection and because of his respiratory distress and hypoxia a chest X-ray was performed. Other clinical information and radiologic studies will be discussed further, but his chest X-ray suggested a right-sided hydropneumothorax secondary to a complicated pneumonia...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Vassil Nikolov Zefov, Maryam Anas Almatrooshi
INTRODUCTION: Late-onset congenital diaphragmatic hernia is a rare anomaly with misleading symptoms and signs. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the case of a 7-year-old Middle Eastern girl who presented with acute nonspecific abdominal symptoms and respiratory distress of 2 days' duration after sustaining a blunt trauma on her left chest wall on a background of chronic ill-defined left chest pain of 2 weeks' duration. Her initial chest radiograph showed an air-fluid level, which was thought to be a hydropneumothorax, so a chest tube was inserted and was shown to be positioned between the chest wall and the air collection; therefore, a nasogastric tube was inserted and it was positioned in the left chest cavity so the diagnosis of late-onset congenital diaphragmatic hernia was made...
2015: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Arkaprabha Chakraborty, Anindya Mukherjee, Payel Talukdar, Arunansu Talukdar
Filarial infection can have varied manifestations, but hydropneumothorax at presentation has not yet been reported. A 28-year-old man presented to our hospital with heaviness of the left chest for the past 10 days, which was preceded by a sudden, short stabbing pain in the left chest after straining. Chest X-ray revealed left-sided hydropneumothorax. A peripheral blood picture revealed significant eosinophilia. A pleural fluid report also showed eosinophilia and a few motile microfilaria of Wuchereria bancrofti...
November 24, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
Jeffrey Albores, Tisha Wang
A 46-year-old woman with end-stage liver disease that was complicated by recurrent hepatic hydrothorax requiring multiple thoracenteses presented with breathlessness. Chest examination found no breath sounds on the right side. Radiography of the chest revealed a hydropneumothorax (Panel A; the..
May 7, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
Liju Ahmed, Hugh Ip, Deepak Rao, Nishil Patel, Farinaz Noorzad
Malignant pleural effusions cause significant morbidity, but there is no gold standard minimally invasive treatment. A new therapeutic approach combines talc pleurodesis and indwelling pleural catheters (IPCs) to enable outpatient management. This case series summarizes the safety and efficacy data of all patients (24) with a symptomatic malignant pleural effusion who underwent talc pleurodeses via IPCs between December 2010 and July 2013. Successful pleurodesis was achieved in 22 procedures (92%). There was one empyema, one hydropneumothorax, one recurrent effusion, and two minor complications: one drain site wound infection and one complaint of chest pain...
December 2014: Chest
Babak Eshaghian, Farhad Mazdisnian
SESSION TITLE: Cancer Cases ISESSION TYPE: Affiliate Case Report SlidePRESENTED ON: Monday, October 27, 2014 at 11:00 AM - 12:00 PMINTRODUCTION: Malignant mesothelioma is a neoplasm arising from the mesothelial surface of the peritoneum, pericardium, and tunica vaginalis, with majority of cases arising from the pleura. We report a rare case of malignant mesothelioma affecting the major airways.CASE PRESENTATION: A 64-year-old man with a history of asbestos exposure presented with dyspnea with minimal exertion...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Hamdy Mahmoud, ISmail Mobarak, Usma Arafa
SESSION TITLE: Pleural Disease PostersSESSION TYPE: Original Investigation PosterPRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 29, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMPURPOSE: The diseased liver leads to deleterious effects on multiple organ systems including the pleura .Pleural complication of liver diseases including hepatic hydrothorax, empyema, chylothorax, pneumothorax and hydropneumothorax. Objective:To determine clinical characteristics, causes and outcomes of pleural complications in cirrhotic patients...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Masoud Ataiekhorasgani, Nasim Jafaripozve, Omid Zaerin
Streptomyces are saprophytic soil organisms rarely known to cause invasive infections. Streptomyces is the largest genus, producing antibacterial, antifungal and antiparasitic drugs. The case was a 24-year-old man, admitted for sudden dyspnea, fever and sputum and decreased sound in the left lung. The chest X-ray showed hydropneumothorax. After chest tube insertion, lung expansion did not happen. Pleural effusion was exudative with gram-positive bacillus and Streptomyces in culture. Owing to symptoms of Cushing in history, examination and laboratory work-up for Cushing was done and finally he underwent bilateral adrenalectomy...
2014: Advanced Biomedical Research
O F Adeniyi, O Olusoji, M O Thomas, O A Oduwole, J K Renner
Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) of the lung an entity which results from a harmatomatous proliferation of the bronchioles constitutes 25% of the all congenital lung anomalies. Majority of cases of CCAM usually present with respiratory distress from birth, while others may present with recurrent chest infections in childhood or in adulthood. Most reports on CCAM have been on caucasian children and the diagnosis of the condition appears to be challenging unless there is a high index of suspicion...
July 2012: Nigerian Quarterly Journal of Hospital Medicine
Mihir Patel, Hetvi Joshi, Jayantilal Mehta
SESSION TYPE: Cancer Student/Resident Case Report PostersPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 23, 2012 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Spontaneous pneumothorax can be caused by lung tissue weakness - rupture of thin cysts called blebs on lung surface. Chest pain, dyspnea and occasionally palpitations are classical symptoms of pneumothorax but it can also present silently.CASE PRESENTATION: A 58 year old Caucasian male working as a chemical engineer presented with palpitations and rapid heart rate of 190 per minute which was resolved with valsalva maneuver in ER...
October 1, 2012: Chest
Hossam E Fayed, Victoria K Woodcock, Jamal Grayez
This is a case of a 69-year-old man with a history of asbestos exposure who presented with acute shortness of breath. His chest x-ray showed bilateral hydropneumothorax. Further investigations including CT chest and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery revealed bilateral pleural thickening and histology confirmed epithelioid mesothelioma. This case highlights the need for clinicians to be aware of atypical presentations of malignant pleural mesothelioma as well as the importance of considering underlying secondary causes such as malignancy in the older patient presenting with spontaneous pneumo/hydropneumothorax...
2013: BMJ Case Reports
Toby Pillinger, Angela Rogers, Simon Barnes
An elderly gentleman presented with acute dyspnoea and right-sided pleuritic chest pain. Two-weeks previously an oesophageal stent had been inserted for dysphagia secondary to oesophageal carcinoma. With low PaO(2), a neutrophilic leucocytosis, raised inflammatory markers and a right-sided pleural effusion, antibiotics were prescribed for pneumonia. Computed tomographic pulmonary angiogram (CTPA) ruled out pulmonary embolus. The patient rallied transiently and his effusion improved. His respiratory distress returned 14 days later...
2013: BMJ Case Reports
Mark Peterzan, Toby Reynolds, Kamaljit Dulay, Rachel Wooldridge
A 31-year-old woman underwent elective hysteroscopy and laparoscopy for investigation of primary infertility. The procedure was abandoned owing to intraoperative desaturation and reduced right-sided chest movement. Postoperative chest x-ray showed an opacified right hemithorax with tracheal deviation to the left. Retrospectively on direct questioning, she admitted to dry cough, mild dyspnoea and significant weight loss. Diagnostic thoracocentesis and contrast CT scan confirmed heavily blood-stained exudative pleural effusion but were otherwise non-diagnostic...
2012: BMJ Case Reports
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