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Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Robert Tso, Levinus A Dieleman, Heekuk Park, Karen I Kroeker, Juan Jovel, Patrick M Gillevet, Masoumeh Sikaroodi, Rupasri Mandal, Richard N Fedorak, Karen L Madsen
Background: Crohn's disease (CD) patients who undergo ileocolonic resection frequently have disease recurrence. The aim of this preliminary study was to identify urinary metabolomic profiles associated with disease recurrence in order to identify underlying mechanisms of recurrence and possible disease biomarkers. Methods: Biopsies from the neoterminal ileum were collected from CD patients (n = 38) after ileocolonic resection in order to assess mucosa-associated microbiota using 16S rRNA multitag pyrosequencing...
March 19, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Aziza Hadj Ltaïef, Simona Sabatino, Federica Proietto, Salah Ammar, Abdellatif Gadri, Alessandro Galia, Onofrio Scialdone
The treatment of toxic organic pollutants by electro-Fenton (EF) presents some drawbacks such as the necessity to work at low pH and the low solubility of oxygen in water contacted with air or oxygen at room pressure that results often in slow and relatively low abatements. Here, the coupled adoption of natural heterogeneous catalysts and of relatively high pressure was proposed in order to improve the performances of EF for the treatment of organic pollutants. Caffeic acid (CA) and 3-chlorophenol were used as model resistant organic pollutants...
March 12, 2018: Chemosphere
Samer Jabbour, Marvin Gate, Ammar Sabouni, Saeed Al-Batal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2018: Lancet
Ammar Tareen, Ned S Wingreen, Ranjan Mukhopadhyay
Signal transduction networks can form highly interconnected systems within cells due to crosstalk between constituent pathways. To better understand the evolutionary design principles underlying such networks, we study the evolution of crosstalk for two parallel signaling pathways that arise via gene duplication. We use a sequence-based evolutionary algorithm and evolve the network based on two physically motivated fitness functions related to information transmission. We find that one fitness function leads to a high degree of crosstalk while the other leads to pathway specificity...
February 2018: Physical Review. E
Ali Deniz Dalgic, Ammar Zeidan Alshemary, Ayşen Tezcaner, Dilek Keskin, Zafer Evis
In this study, novel graphene oxide-incorporated silicate-doped nano-hydroxyapatite composites were prepared and their potential use for bone tissue engineering was investigated by developing an electrospun poly(ε-caprolactone) scaffold. Nanocomposite groups were synthesized to have two different ratios of graphene oxide (2 and 4 wt%) to evaluate the effect of graphene oxide incorporation and groups with different silicate-doped nano-hydroxyapatite content was prepared to investigate optimum concentrations of both silicate-doped nano-hydroxyapatite and graphene oxide...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Saleh Baeesa, Ahmed Ammar
[No Abstract Available].
March 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Fatemeh Zaribaf, Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Parvane Saneei, Awat Feizi, Hamed Daghaghzadeh, Christine Feinle-Bisset, Peyman Adibi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The associations between empirically derived dietary habits and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have not been investigated. This study aimed to assess the relationship between empirically derived dietary habits and IBS in a large population of Iranian adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, dietary habits of 4763 adults were assessed in three domains, "meal pattern", "eating rate" and "intra-meal fluid intake"...
March 13, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Rebai Ben Ammar, Tomofumi Miyamoto, Leila Chekir-Ghedira, Kamel Ghedira, Marie-Aleth Lacaille-Dubois
From the butanolic and the ethyl acetate extracts of Rhamnus alaternus L root bark and leaves, three new anthraquinone glycosides, alaternosides A-C (1,4,6,8 tetrahydroxy-3 methyl anthraquinone 1-O-ß-D-glucopyranosyl-4,6-di-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (1); 1,2,6,8 tetrahydroxy-3 methyl anthraquinone 8-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside (2) and 1, 6 dihydroxy-3 methyl 6 [2'-Me (heptoxy)] anthraquinone (3)) were isolated and elucidated together with the two known anthraquinone glycosides, Physcion-8-O-rutinoside (4) and emodin-6-O-α-L-rhamnoside (5) as well as with the known kaempferol-7-methylether (6), β-sitosterol (7) and β-sitosterol-3-O-glycoside (8)...
March 13, 2018: Natural Product Research
Ammar Bin Yousaf, Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Farooq, Peter Kasak
Hydrogenation and cross-coupling reactions are of great importance for industrial applications and noble metal based catalysts are filling the void since the last few decades. However, the high cost of noble metals and poor recycling performance provides an opportunity for chemists to look for alternate options. Herein, we present the use of Lanthanum hydroxide as support for loading ultra-low amount of Pd for hydrogenation and cross-coupling reactions. Lanthanum hydroxide having controlled morphologies comprises exposed crystallographic facets which interact with small sized Pd NPs and shows versatile and effective catalytic performance...
March 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Vincent P Groot, Sameer S Thakker, Georgios Gemenetzis, Michaël Noë, Ammar A Javed, Richard A Burkhart, Behnoud B Noveiry, John L Cameron, Matthew J Weiss, Christopher J VandenBussche, Elliot K Fishman, Ralph H Hruban, Christopher L Wolfgang, Anne Marie Lennon, Jin He
BACKGROUND: Lymphoepithelial cysts (LECs) are rare pancreatic cystic lesions. Since LECs are benign, preoperative diagnosis is important to differentiate from a cystic neoplasm and avoid unnecessary surgery. The aim of this study was to identify clinical, radiographic and cytopathologic features associated with LECs. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients diagnosed with LEC between 1995 and 2017 at our hospital. Clinicopathologic and radiographic imaging features were documented...
March 9, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Ton Fang, Ahmad Al Khleifat, Jacques-Henri Meurgey, Ashley Jones, P Nigel Leigh, Gilbert Bensimon, Ammar Al-Chalabi
BACKGROUND: Riluzole is the only drug to prolong survival for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and, at a dose of 100 mg, was associated with a 35% reduction in mortality in a clinical trial. A key question is whether the survival benefit occurs at an early stage of disease, late stage, or is spread throughout the course of the disease. To address this question, we used the King's clinical staging system to do a retrospective analysis of data from the original dose-ranging clinical trial of riluzole...
March 7, 2018: Lancet Neurology
Thi Thuy Nguyen, Fayna Mammeri, Souad Ammar
Iron oxide and gold-based magneto-plasmonic nanostructures exhibit remarkable optical and superparamagnetic properties originating from their two different components. As a consequence, they have improved and broadened the application potential of nanomaterials in medicine. They can be used as multifunctional nanoprobes for magneto-plasmonic heating as well as for magnetic and optical imaging. They can also be used for magnetically assisted optical biosensing, to detect extreme traces of targeted bioanalytes...
March 7, 2018: Nanomaterials
AbdulWahab Hritani, M Fuad Jan, Gregory Schleis, Tara Zehrer, Susan Olet, Khawaja Afzal Ammar, Suhail Allaqaband
BACKGROUND: After the introduction of the universal definition of myocardial infarction, the incidence and diagnosis of type 2 myocardial infarction have risen dramatically, yet there are no clear guidelines on clinical management. Diabetic patients are at high risk for developing type 2 myocardial infarction when admitted in a decompensated state and they are also at high risk for future cardiovascular events. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 1058 patients between 2011 and 2016 admitted with diabetic ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state...
March 5, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
Ammar A Y Almulathanon, Elisabetta Ranucci, Paolo Ferruti, Martin C Garnett, Cynthia Bosquillon
PURPOSE: This study aimed to further explore the mechanisms behind the ability of certain linear polyamidoamines (PAAs) to transfect cells with minimal cytotoxicity. METHODS: The transfection efficiency of DNA complexed with a PAA of a molecular weight over 10 kDa or 25 kDa branched polyethyleneimine (BPEI) was compared in A549 cells using a luciferase reporter gene assay. The impact of endo/lysosomal escape on transgene expression was investigated by transfecting cells in presence of bafilomycin A1 or chloroquine...
March 7, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
Faizan Ehsan Elahi, Ammar Hasan
Gene regulatory networks (GRNs) are quite large and complex. To better understand and analyse GRNs, mathematical models are being employed. Different types of models, such as logical, continuous and stochastic models, can be used to describe GRNs. In this paper, we present a new approach to identify continuous models, because they are more suitable for large number of genes and quantitative analysis. One of the most promising techniques for identifying continuous models of GRNs is based on Hill functions and the generalized profiling method (GPM)...
February 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Takwa Bedhiafi, Kamel Charradi, Mouna Ben Azaiz, Mohamed Mahmoudi, Issam Msakni, Khawla Jebari, Ammar Bouziani, Ferid Limam, Ezzedine Aouani
Spleen is the largest lymphoid organ and obesity is related to an elevated risk of immunity dysfunction and the mechanism whereby fat adversely affects the spleen is poorly understood. This study was designed to assess the effectiveness of grape seed and skin extract (GSSE) and orlistat (Xenical, Xe) on high fat diet (HFD)-induced spleen lipotoxicity. Obese rats were treated either with GSSE (4 g/kg bw) or Xe (2 mg/kg bw) or GSSE + Xe and monitored for weight loss during 3 months. Animals were then sacrificed and their spleen used for the evaluation of lipotoxicity-induced oxidative stress and inflammation as well as the putative protection afforded by GSSE and Xe treatment...
March 7, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Mohamed Amine Bani, Besma Laabidi, Faten Gargouri, Nada Mansouri, Ammar Bouziani, Issam Msakni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
Ammar Oumaima, Ajina Tesnim, Haouas Zohra, Sallem Amira, Zidi Ines, Chakroun Sana, Grissa Intissar, Ezzi Lobna, Jlali Ali, Mehdi Meriem
DNA fragmentation can be deleterious on spermatozoon morphology but the pathogenesis of teratozoospermia associated with DNA breaks is not fully understood, even if oxidative attacks and defects in chromatin maturation are hypothesized. Therefore, this study is one of the first to clarify on the underlying hypothesizes behind such observations. The objectives of our study were to assess the role of oxidative attacks in DNA damage pathogenesis in ejaculated spermatozoa from patients with isolated teratozoospermia...
March 5, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Faezeh Saghafian, Hanieh Malmir, Parvane Saneei, Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Mohammad Javad Hosseinzadeh-Attar, Hamid Afshar, Fereydoun Siassi, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Peyman Adibi
OBJECTIVE: Findings from observational studies on the relationship between fruit and vegetables consumption and risk of mental disorders are contradictory. We aimed to examine the association between fruit and vegetables intake and prevalence of depression, anxiety, and psychological distress in a large group of Iranian adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 3362 people of Iranian adults working in 50 health centers. Dietary data were collected using a validated dish-based 106-item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
March 5, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Sampa Ghoshal-Gupta, Ammar Kutiyanawalla, Byung Rho Lee, Juhi Ojha, Aliya Nurani, Ashis K Mondal, Ravindra Kolhe, Amyn M Rojiani, Mumtaz V Rojiani
Matrix metalloproteinases and their natural inhibitors (TIMPs) are important elements in a wide range of oncology settings. Elevated levels of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) have often been associated with increased tumorigenesis. This has been demonstrated in a number of clinical and experimental models which include breast, gastric, colorectal and non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). Our earlier studies have identified increased angiogenic activity and aggressive tumor kinetics in TIMP-1 overexpressing H2009 lung adenocarcinoma cells...
February 6, 2018: Oncotarget
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