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Electronic mood check

Vesa Pohjola, Aino Rekola, Kristina Kunttu, Jorma I Virtanen
BACKGROUND: First-year university students are in a new, independent life situation, which may affect health behaviour, including oral health habits. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between dental fear and oral health habits, while considering the simultaneous effects of attitude toward food and treatment need at dental check-ups. METHODS: The data (n = 8514) for this national cross-sectional study were collected from health registers of Finnish Student Health Service...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Stella Iacovides, Ingrid Avidon, Fiona C Baker
BACKGROUND: Primary dysmenorrhea, or painful menstruation in the absence of pelvic pathology, is a common, and often debilitating, gynecological condition that affects between 45 and 95% of menstruating women. Despite the high prevalence, dysmenorrhea is often poorly treated, and even disregarded, by health professionals, pain researchers, and the women themselves, who may accept it as a normal part of the menstrual cycle. This review reports on current knowledge, particularly with regards to the impact and consequences of recurrent menstrual pain on pain sensitivity, mood, quality of life and sleep in women with primary dysmenorrhea...
November 2015: Human Reproduction Update
Matthew R Broome, Zhimin He, Mashal Iftikhar, Julie Eyden, Steven Marwaha
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the neurobiological, psychophysical and behavioural measures of affective instability in clinical populations. DATA SOURCES: A range of medical and psychological science electronic databases were searched (including MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PsycINFO). Hand searching and reference checking are also included. REVIEW METHODS: Reviews, systematic reviews, experimental and cross-sectional studies, providing affective instability in neurobiological and behavioural measurements in clinical populations...
April 2015: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Qiang Hu, Sheng-Yu Zhang, Fei Liu, Yan-Li Zhang, Dian-Ming Zhu, Yin-Yin Zang
BACKGROUND: Previous evidence has shown that adrenal androgens, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfate derivative (DHEAS) have significant functions related to the control of mood, affect, and anxiety. Changes in their expression levels are reportedly related to several psychiatric disorders. The objective of this meta-analysis was to explore the role of DHEAS protein expression in patients with depression. METHOD: Web of Science, Cochrane Library, CISCOM, CINAHL, Google Scholar, China BioMedicine (CBM) and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) were electronically searched...
March 15, 2015: Journal of Affective Disorders
Yusuke Ogawa, Aran Tajika, Nozomi Takeshima, Yu Hayasaka, Toshi A Furukawa
BACKGROUND: Pharmacotherapy remains the mainstay of treatment for acute bipolar mania, but there are many choices, including mood stabilizers (MSs) and antipsychotics (APs). OBJECTIVE: To provide an up-to-date and comprehensive review of the efficacy, acceptability and adverse effects of MSs and APs as combination or augmentation therapy versus monotherapy with either drug class for the treatment of acute mania. DATA SOURCES: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Scopus, and clinical trial databases were searched for articles published between the inception of the databases and July 1, 2014...
November 2014: CNS Drugs
Tom Crocker, Anne Forster, John Young, Lesley Brown, Seline Ozer, Jane Smith, John Green, Jo Hardy, Eileen Burns, Elizabeth Glidewell, Darren C Greenwood
BACKGROUND: The worldwide population is progressively ageing, with an expected increase in morbidity and demand for long-term care. Physical rehabilitation is beneficial in older people, but relatively little is known about effects on long-term care residents. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2009. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the benefits and harms of rehabilitation interventions directed at maintaining, or improving, physical function for older people in long-term care through the review of randomised and cluster randomised controlled trials...
2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Rebecca F McKnight, Marc Adida, Katie Budge, Sarah Stockton, Guy M Goodwin, John R Geddes
BACKGROUND: Lithium is a widely used and effective treatment for mood disorders. There has been concern about its safety but no adequate synthesis of the evidence for adverse effects. We aimed to undertake a clinically informative, systematic toxicity profile of lithium. METHODS: We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials and observational studies. We searched electronic databases, specialist journals, reference lists, textbooks, and conference abstracts...
February 25, 2012: Lancet
Norio Watanabe, Ichiro M Omori, Atsuo Nakagawa, Andrea Cipriani, Corrado Barbui, Hugh McGuire, Rachel Churchill, Toshi A Furukawa
BACKGROUND: Mirtazapine has a unique mechanism of antidepressant action, and thus is thought to have a different profile of adverse events from that of other antidepressants. OBJECTIVE: To present a methodologically rigorous systematic review of the adverse event profile of mirtazapine and point to possible problems with safety reporting in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of the acute-phase treatment of major depression in adults with mirtazapine in comparison with other types of antidepressant...
January 2010: CNS Drugs
B Weber-Rouget, J-M Aubry
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to review the major instruments proposed for screening for bipolar disorder among clinical or general, adult or paediatric populations. They were developed in order to improve the detection of this illness which, far too often, remains unrecognized. Several of these screening instruments are already translated into several languages and validated. METHODOLOGY: A systematic review of the literature published on this topic up to July 2007 was carried out, using the main electronic data base (Medline)...
December 2009: L'Encéphale
Daniel Z Lieberman, Tammas F Kelly, Lanny Douglas, Frederick K Goodwin
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal mood instability is the essential feature of bipolar disorder, however most rating scales are cross sectional in nature, and focus on acute symptoms. By contrast, the NIMH Life Chart Methodology (LCM) characterizes in detail the severity, duration, and frequency of mood episodes. Adherence to daily rating, however, tends to be low. In this study an online version of the LCM, designed to enhance adherence, was compared to the standard paper version. METHODS: Patients from a mood disorders specialty clinic were randomized to the standard LCM or an online, open-source adaptation...
July 2010: Journal of Affective Disorders
C Bridle, S Palmer, A-M Bagnall, J Darba, S Duffy, M Sculpher, R Riemsma
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical and cost-effectiveness of quetiapine, olanzapine and valproate semisodium in the treatment of mania associated with bipolar disorder. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases; industry submissions made to the National Institute for Clinical Excellence. REVIEW METHODS: Randomised trials and economic evaluations that evaluated the effectiveness of quetiapine, olanzapine or valproate semisodium in the treatment of mania associated with bipolar disorder were selected for inclusion...
May 2004: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
J L R Martin, M J Barbanoj, V Pérez, M Sacristán
BACKGROUND: Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was introduced as a neurophysiological technique in 1985 when Anthony Barker and his team developed a compact machine that permitted non-invasive stimulation of the cerebral cortex (Barker 1985). Since its introduction, TMS has been used to evaluate the motor system, to study the function of several cerebral regions, and for the pathophysiology of several neuropsychiatric illnesses. In addition, it has been suggested that TMS might have therapeutic potential...
2003: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
A Clegg, J Bryant, T Nicholson, L McIntyre, S De Broe, K Gerard, N Waugh
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia and is characterised by an insidious onset and slow deterioration. The estimated prevalence of Alzheimer's disease for a standard health authority (500,000 people) is about 3330. Current service involves a wide range of agencies, and drug therapy for some patients. OBJECTIVES: To provide a rapid and systematic review of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of donepezil, rivastigmine and galantamine in the symptomatic treatment of people suffering from Alzheimer's disease...
2001: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
F A Huppert, J K Van Niekerk, J Herbert
BACKGROUND: In view of the theoretical rationale for beneficial effects of DHEA and DHEAS in aging and dementia, we believe it is timely to undertake a thorough investigation of well-conducted studies in this area. This will provide a basis for confirmation of any effect of DHEA/S administration in humans, in large-scale and properly controlled trials, which would evaluate effective dosage, acceptable route and duration of administration and side effect profiles. This is especially pertinent at this time as DHEA is currently being sold in large quantities in health food stores, particularly in the USA...
2000: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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