keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

influenza review

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143498/rationale-and-opportunities-in-estimating-the-economic-burden-of-seasonal-influenza-across-countries-using-a-standardized-who-tool-and-manual
#1
Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk, Surachai Kotirum, Anthony T Newall, Philipp Lambach, Raymond C W Hutubessy
Influenza disease burden is recognized as one of the major public health problems globally. Much less is known about the economic burden of influenza especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). A recent systematic review on the economic burden of influenza in LMICs suggests that information is scarce and/or incomplete and that there is a lack of standardized approaches for cost evaluations in LMICs. WHO commissioned and publicized a Manual for estimating the economic burden of seasonal influenza to support the standardization of estimates of the economic burden of seasonal influenza across countries...
November 16, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141619/seasonal-influenza-vaccination-of-healthcare-workers-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#2
Theo Lorenc, David Marshall, Kath Wright, Katy Sutcliffe, Amanda Sowden
BACKGROUND: Most countries recommend that healthcare workers (HCWs) are vaccinated seasonally against influenza in order to protect themselves and patients. However, in many cases coverage remains low. A range of strategies have been implemented to increase uptake. Qualitative evidence can help in understanding the context of interventions, including why interventions may fail to achieve the desired effect. This study aimed to synthesise evidence on HCWs' perceptions and experiences of vaccination for seasonal influenza...
November 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140516/effectiveness-of-masks-and-respirators-against-respiratory-infections-in-healthcare-workers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Vittoria Offeddu, Chee Fu Yung, Mabel Sheau Fong Low, Clarence C Tam
This systematic review and meta-analysis quantified the protective effect of facemasks and respirators against respiratory infections among healthcare workers. Relevant articles were retrieved from Pubmed, EMBASE, and Web of Science. Meta-analyses were conducted to calculate pooled estimates. Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) indicated a protective effect of masks and respirators against clinical respiratory illness (CRI) (risk ratio [RR] = 0.59; 95% confidence interval [CI]:0.46-0.77) and influenza-like illness (ILI) (RR = 0...
November 13, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134437/a-qualitative-stakeholder-analysis-of-avian-influenza-policy-in-bangladesh
#4
Kaushik Chattopadhyay, Guillaume Fournié, Md Abul Kalam, Paritosh K Biswas, Ahasanul Hoque, Nitish C Debnath, Mahmudur Rahman, Dirk U Pfeiffer, David Harper, David L Heymann
Avian influenza is a major animal and public health concern in Bangladesh. A decade after development and implementation of the first national avian influenza and human pandemic influenza preparedness and response plan in Bangladesh, a two-stage qualitative stakeholder analysis was performed in relation to the policy development process and the actual policy. This study specifically aimed to identify the future policy options to prevent and control avian influenza and other poultry-related zoonotic diseases in Bangladesh...
November 13, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131357/zika-virus-what-we-need-to-know
#5
REVIEW
Farakh Javed, Khanzadi N Manzoor, Mubashar Ali, Irshad U Haq, Abid A Khan, Assad Zaib, Sobia Manzoor
Zika virus is one of the emerging viruses and is of significant threat to human health globally. It is a mosquito borne flavivirus similar to dengue, yellow fever, and West Nile viruses. It was reported about 5 decades ago and then it spreads to different parts of the world. Large outbreaks were reported on Yap Islands in 2007. Now it has gained wide attention globally by health communities. Major vector for virus transmission is Aedes aegypti mosquito. ZIKV infection is mostly asymptomatic but it is also responsible to cause mild influenza like illness to serious manifestations...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129538/pneumonia-in-the-tropics-report-from-the-task-force-on-tropical-diseases-by-the-world-federation-of-societies-of-intensive-and-critical-care-medicine
#6
REVIEW
Mohd Basri Mat Nor, Guy A Richards, Steve McGloughlin, Pravin R Amin
The aetiology of community acquired pneumonia varies according to the region in which it is acquired. This review discusses those causes of CAP that occur in the tropics and might not be readily recognizable when transplanted to other sites. Various forms of pneumonia including the viral causes such as influenza (seasonal and avian varieties), the coronaviruses and the Hantavirus as well as bacterial causes, specifically the pneumonic form of Yersinia pestis and melioidosis are discussed.
November 3, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128273/epidemiological-and-clinical-characteristics-of-humans-with-avian-influenza-a-h7n9-infection-in-guangdong-china-2013-2017
#7
Yuwei Yang, Haojie Zhong, Tie Song, Jianfeng He, Lan Guo, Xiaohua Tan, Guofeng Huang, Min Kang
OBJECTIVE: To describe the demographics and clinical characteristics of patients with A (H7N9) infection, to test the differences in the distribution of demographics and clinical characteristics by clinical severity, and to explore potential factors associated with clinical severity. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted to collect epidemiological and clinical information regarding the confirmed cases in Guangdong through field investigation and review of medical records...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128020/respiratory-viral-infections-in-solid-organ-and-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#8
REVIEW
Grant C Paulsen, Lara Danziger-Isakov
Respiratory viruses are common in solid organ and hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients and a recognized cause of significant morbidity and mortality. Epidemiology, risk factors, and attributable mortality in both populations are reviewed. In addition, virus-specific prevention and treatment options, including emerging investigational therapies, are discussed for respiratory syncytial virus, influenza, adenovirus, parainfluenza, and other respiratory viruses.
December 2017: Clinics in Chest Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127742/literature-review-of-the-epidemiology-of-influenza-b-disease-in-15-countries-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#9
Lance Jennings, Qiu Sue Huang, Ian Barr, Ping-Ing Lee, Woo Joo Kim, Philippe Buchy, Melvin Sanicas, Bruce A Mungall, Jing Chen
AIM: Influenza control strategies focus on the use of trivalent influenza vaccines containing two influenza A virus subtypes and one of the two circulating influenza type B lineages (Yamagata or Victoria). Mismatches between the vaccine B lineage and the circulating lineage have been regularly documented in many countries, including those in the Asia-Pacific region. We conducted a literature review with the aim of understanding the relative circulation of influenza B viruses in Asia-Pacific countries...
November 11, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122735/intranasal-immunization-with-dry-powder-vaccines
#10
Tania F Bahamondez-Canas, Zhengrong Cui
Vaccination represents a cost-effective weapon for disease prevention and has proven to dramatically reduce the incidences of several diseases that once were responsible for significant mortality and morbidity worldwide. The nasal cavity constitutes the initial stage of the respiratory system and the first contact with inhaled pathogens. The intranasal (IN) route for vaccine administration is an attractive alternative to injection, due to the ease of administration as well as better patient compliance. Many published studies have demonstrated the safety and effectiveness of IN immunization with liquid vaccines...
November 6, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121959/why-european-and-united-states-drug-regulators-are-not-speaking-with-one-voice-on-anti-influenza-drugs-regulatory-review-methodologies-and-the-importance-of-deep-product-reviews
#11
Shai Mulinari, Courtney Davis
BACKGROUND: Relenza represents the first neuraminidase inhibitor (NI), a class of drugs that also includes the drug Tamiflu. Although heralded as breakthrough treatments in influenza, NI efficacy has remained highly controversial. A key unsettled question is why the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved more cautious efficacy statements in labelling than European regulators for both drugs. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative analysis of United States and European Union regulatory appraisals for Relenza to investigate the reasons for divergent regulatory interpretations, pertaining to Relenza's capacity to alleviate symptoms and reduce frequency of complications of influenza...
November 9, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121508/host-and-virus-ecology-as-determinants-of-influenza-a-virus-transmission-in-wild-birds
#12
REVIEW
Jacintha Gb van Dijk, Josanne H Verhagen, Michelle Wille, Jonas Waldenström
Low pathogenic influenza A virus (LPIAV) prevalence and subtype distribution differs between and across bird taxa. A crucial factor in the epidemiology of these viruses and virus subtypes is the ability to transmit between and within different host taxa and individuals. Successful viral transmission depends on availability of susceptible hosts and exposure of host to virus. Exposure to viruses and susceptibility to virus infection and/or disease are shaped by both host and virus traits. In this review we have identified key host and virus traits that can affect LPIAV transmission, both in terms of exposure and susceptibility...
November 6, 2017: Current Opinion in Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120017/review-of-maternal-immunisation-during-pregnancy-focus-on-pertussis-and-influenza
#13
Géraldine Blanchard-Rohner, Christiane Eberhardt
Seasonal influenza and pertussis infections are known to be significant causes of morbidity and mortality in neonates and infants worldwide. Influenza has also been associated with severe complications in pregnant women and after delivery. The most efficient and safe strategy to protect mothers and their offspring is maternal immunisation during pregnancy. The maternal antibodies thus acquired are transferred to the fetus as of the second trimester and confer passive immunity until the first infant immunisations...
November 9, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117669/late-diagnosis-of-influenza-in-adult-patients-during-a-seasonal-outbreak
#14
Seong-Ho Choi, Jin-Won Chung, Tark Kim, Ki-Ho Park, Mi Suk Lee, Yee Gyung Kwak
Background/Aims: Due to advances in diagnostic techniques, clinicians are more frequently performing influenza diagnostic tests and referring to their test results ahead of the administration of neuraminidase inhibitors (NAIs). To investigate the clinical significance of the time from symptom onset to laboratory diagnosis, we reviewed the clinical characteristics of adult patients with influenza who had an early laboratory diagnosis (ED) or a late laboratory diagnosis (LD) at one of four tertiary care centers during a seasonal outbreak of influenza...
November 10, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111376/analysis-of-the-proficiency-of-single-radial-immunodiffusion-assays-for-quality-control-of-influenza-vaccines-in-korea
#15
Yejin Choi, Sunmi Lee, Seong Yi Kwon, Younghee Lee, Yong Keun Park, Sang Ja Ban
Influenza vaccine potency, which is determined by quantitatively measuring the content of Hemagglutinin (HA), is an essential index representing the efficacy of the vaccine. Standardization of the single radial immunodiffusion (SRID) assay, a method for measuring HA content, and proficiency of the testing institutions are crucial for influenza vaccine quality control. Herein, we assessed the proficiency of SRID assays at the National Control Laboratory (NCL) of Korea and several vaccine manufacturers. Eight laboratories participated in this study, and the proficiencies of all laboratories yielded satisfactory results in overall SRID assays...
October 27, 2017: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109730/t-follicular-helper-cells-and-b-cell-dysfunction-in-aging-and-hiv-1-infection
#16
REVIEW
Suresh Pallikkuth, Lesley de Armas, Stefano Rinaldi, Savita Pahwa
T follicular helper (Tfh) cells are a subset of CD4 T cells that provide critical signals to antigen-primed B cells in germinal centers to undergo proliferation, isotype switching, and somatic hypermutation to generate long-lived plasma cells and memory B cells during an immune response. The quantity and quality of Tfh cells therefore must be tightly controlled to prevent immune dysfunction in the form of autoimmunity and, on the other hand, immune deficiency. Both Tfh and B cell perturbations appear during HIV infection resulting in impaired antibody responses to vaccines such as seasonal trivalent influenza vaccine, also seen in biologic aging...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106589/a-multicenter-consortium-to-define-the-epidemiology-and-outcomes-of-inpatient-respiratory-viral-infections-in-pediatric-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-recipients
#17
Brian T Fisher, Lara Danziger-Isakov, Leigh R Sweet, Flor M Munoz, Gabriela Maron, Elaine Tuomanen, Alistair Murray, Janet A Englund, Daniel Dulek, Natasha Halasa, Michael Green, Marian G Michaels, Rebecca Pellett Madan, Betsy C Herold, William J Steinbach
Background: Respiratory virus infections (RVIs) pose a threat to children undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). In this era of sensitive molecular diagnostics, the incidence and outcome of HSCT recipients who are hospitalized with RVI (H-RVI) are not well described. Methods: A retrospective observational cohort of pediatric HSCT recipients (between January 2010 and June 2013) was assembled from 9 US pediatric transplant centers. Their medical charts were reviewed for H-RVI events within 1 year after their transplant...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105786/influenza-burden-prevention-and-treatment-in-asthma-a-scoping-review-by-the-eaaci-influenza-in-asthma-task-force
#18
REVIEW
Jürgen Schwarze, Peter Openshaw, Akhilesh Jha, Stefano R Del Giacco, Davide Firinu, Olympia Tsilochristou, Graham Roberts, Anna Selby, Cezmi Akdis, Ioana Agache, Adnan Custovic, Enrico Heffler, Georgia Pinna, Musa Khaitov, Alexandra Nikonova, Nikolaos Papadopoulos, Ather Akhlaq, Ulugbek Nurmatov, Harald Renz, Aziz Sheikh, Chrysanthi Skevaki
To address uncertainties in the prevention and management of influenza in people with asthma, we performed a scoping review of the published literature on influenza burden; current vaccine recommendations; vaccination coverage; immunogenicity, efficacy, effectiveness and safety of influenza vaccines; and the benefits of antiviral drugs in people with asthma. We found significant variation in the reported rates of influenza detection in individuals with acute asthma exacerbations making it unclear to what degree influenza causes exacerbations of underlying asthma...
November 6, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097227/the-role-of-the-nlrp3-inflammasome-in-regulation-of-antiviral-responses-to-influenza-a-virus-infection
#19
REVIEW
Soroush T Sarvestani, Julie L McAuley
The innate immune system provides the host with both a dynamic barrier to prevent infection and a means to which rapid anti-microbial responses can be mounted. The inflammasome pathway is a critical host early response mechanism that enables detection of pathogens and initiates production of inflammatory cytokines, inducing recruitment of effector cells to the site of infection. The complete mechanism of inflammasome activation requires two signals: an initial priming step upon detection of pathogen, followed by activation of intracellular pattern recognition receptors critical to the formation of the inflammasome complex...
October 31, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097090/predictive-modeling-of-influenza-shows-the-promise-of-applied-evolutionary-biology
#20
REVIEW
Dylan H Morris, Katelyn M Gostic, Simone Pompei, Trevor Bedford, Marta Łuksza, Richard A Neher, Bryan T Grenfell, Michael Lässig, John W McCauley
Seasonal influenza is controlled through vaccination campaigns. Evolution of influenza virus antigens means that vaccines must be updated to match novel strains, and vaccine effectiveness depends on the ability of scientists to predict nearly a year in advance which influenza variants will dominate in upcoming seasons. In this review, we highlight a promising new surveillance tool: predictive models. Developed through data-sharing and close collaboration between the World Health Organization and academic scientists, these models use surveillance data to make quantitative predictions regarding influenza evolution...
October 30, 2017: Trends in Microbiology
keyword
keyword
107695
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"