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influenza review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350791/comparison-of-outpatient-medically-attended-and-community-level-influenza-like-illness-new-york-city-2013-2015
#1
Kate E Russell, Ashley Fowlkes, Melissa S Stockwell, Celibell Y Vargas, Lisa Saiman, Elaine L Larson, Philip LaRussa, Steve Di Lonardo, Michael Popowich, Kirsten St George, Andrea Steffens, Carrie Reed
BACKGROUND: Surveillance of influenza-like illness (ILI) in the United States is primarily conducted through medical settings despite a significant burden of non-medically attended ILI. OBJECTIVES: To assess consistency between surveillance for respiratory viruses in outpatient and community settings using ILI surveillance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Influenza Incidence Surveillance Project (IISP) and the Mobile Surveillance for Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) and Influenza-Like Illness in the Community (MoSAIC) Study...
January 19, 2018: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342498/patient-reminder-and-recall-interventions-to-improve-immunization-rates
#2
REVIEW
Julie C Jacobson Vann, Robert M Jacobson, Tamera Coyne-Beasley, Josephine K Asafu-Adjei, Peter G Szilagyi
BACKGROUND: Immunization rates for children and adults are rising, but coverage levels have not reached optimal goals. As a result, vaccine-preventable diseases still occur. In an era of increasing complexity of immunization schedules, rising expectations about the performance of primary care, and large demands on primary care providers, it is important to understand and promote interventions that work in primary care settings to increase immunization coverage. One common theme across immunization programs in many nations involves the challenge of implementing a population-based approach and identifying all eligible recipients, for example the children who should receive the measles vaccine...
January 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341490/containing-influenza-outbreaks-with-antiviral-use-in-long-term-care-facilities-in-taiwan-2008-2014
#3
Hao-Yuan Cheng, Wan-Chin Chen, Yu-Ru Chou, Angela Song-En Huang, Wan-Ting Huang
BACKGROUNDS: Influenza can spread rapidly in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) and residents are usually at higher risk for influenza infections. OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of antiviral interventions on outbreak control. METHODS: Taiwan Centers for Disease Control used a syndromic surveillance system to monitor outbreaks in LTCFs. Local public health authorities verified those outbreaks and logged reports to the Epidemic Investigation Report Files Management System (EIRFMS)...
January 17, 2018: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341100/underdiagnosis-of-influenza-virus-infection-in-hospitalized-older-adults
#4
Lauren Hartman, Yuwei Zhu, Kathryn M Edwards, Marie R Griffin, H Keipp Talbot
OBJECTIVE: To describe factors associated with provider-ordered influenza testing among hospitalized adults. DESIGN: Information on patient demographics, symptoms, and provider-ordered influenza testing were collected by questionnaire and chart review. We conducted prospective laboratory-based surveillance using reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), the gold-standard for diagnosis of influenza, to determine how patient characteristics and provider-ordered testing impacted accurate influenza diagnosis...
January 17, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338438/challenges-in-adult-vaccination
#5
Eduardo de Gomensoro, Giuseppe Del Giudice, T Mark Doherty
Life-long primary prevention interventions beginning and continuing throughout an individual's lifetime are increasingly seen as key to meeting the global healthcare challenges that accompany demographic changes - a concept referred to as "Healthy aging". In this perspective, vaccination is seen as part of a triad, together with healthy diet and exercise. Current adult vaccine coverage is lower than target vaccination rates in most developed countries, and so vaccine preventable diseases continue to present a substantial burden on health and healthcare resources, especially in older individuals...
January 16, 2018: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337643/models-for-predicting-the-evolution-of-influenza-to-inform-vaccine-strain-selection
#6
Joseph K Agor, Osman Y Özaltın
Influenza vaccine composition is reviewed before every flu season because influenza viruses constantly evolve through antigenic changes. To inform vaccine updates, laboratories that contribute to the World Health Organization Global Influenza Surveillance and Response System monitor the antigenic phenotypes of circulating viruses all year round. Vaccine strains are selected in anticipation of the upcoming influenza season to allow adequate time for production. A mismatch between vaccine strains and predominant strains in the flu season can significantly reduce vaccine effectiveness...
January 16, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336924/immunization-of-preterm-infants-with-gsk-s-hexavalent-combined-diphtheria-tetanus-acellular-pertussis-hepatitis-b-inactivated-poliovirus-haemophilus-influenzae-type-b-conjugate-vaccine-a-review-of-safety-and-immunogenicity
#7
Felix Omeñaca, Liliana Vázquez, Pilar Garcia-Corbeira, Narcisa Mesaros, Linda Hanssens, Jan Dolhain, Ivonne Puente Gómez, Johannes Liese, Markus Knuf
BACKGROUND: Infants with history of prematurity (<37 weeks gestation) and low birth weight (LBW, <2500 g) are at high risk of infection due to functional immaturity of normal physical and immunological defense mechanisms. Despite current recommendations that infants with history of prematurity/LBW should receive routine immunization according to the same schedule and chronological age as full-term infants, immunization is often delayed. METHODS: Here we summarize 10 clinical studies and 15 years of post-marketing safety surveillance of GSK's hexavalent vaccine (DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib), a combined diphtheria-tetanus-acellular-pertussis-hepatitis-B-inactivated-poliovirus-Haemophilus influenzae-type-b (Hib) conjugate vaccine, when administered alone, or co-administered with pneumococcal conjugate, rotavirus, and meningococcal vaccines and respiratory syncytial virus IgG to infants with history of prematurity/LBW in clinical trials...
January 11, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336526/human-milk-oligosaccharides-as-promising-antivirals
#8
REVIEW
Vasily Morozov, Grant Hansman, Franz-Georg Hanisch, Horst Schroten, Clemens Kunz
Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are diverse unconjugated carbohydrates that are highly abundant in human breast milk. These glycans are investigated in the context of exhibiting multiple functions in infant growth and development. They seem to provide protection against infectious diseases, including a number of poorly manageable viral infections. Although the potential mechanism of the HMO antiviral protection is rather broad, much of the current experimental work has focused on studying of HMO antiadhesive properties...
January 16, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335721/review-in-suspected-influenza-some-rapid-tests-have-high-sensitivity-and-high-specificity-for-detecting-infection
#9
Thomas Fekete
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328393/paediatric-virology-and-its-interaction-between-basic-science-and-clinical-practice-review
#10
Ioannis N Mammas, Anne Greenough, Maria Theodoridou, Anna Kramvis, Maria Rusan, Angeliki Melidou, Paraskevi Korovessi, Georgia Papaioannou, Alexia Papatheodoropoulou, Chryssie Koutsaftiki, Maria Liston, George Sourvinos, Demetrios A Spandidos
The 3rd Workshop on Paediatric Virology, which took place on October 7th, 2017 in Athens, Greece, highlighted the role of breast feeding in the prevention of viral infections during the first years of life. Moreover, it focused on the long-term outcomes of respiratory syncytial virus and rhinovirus infections in prematurely born infants and emphasised the necessity for the development of relevant preventative strategies. Other topics that were covered included the vaccination policy in relation to the migration crisis, mother‑to‑child transmission of hepatitis B and C viruses, vaccination against human papilloma viruses in boys and advances on intranasal live‑attenuated vaccination against influenza...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327237/regional-age-and-respiratory-secretion-specific-prevalence-of-respiratory-viruses-associated-with-asthma-exacerbation-a-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Xue-Yan Zheng, Yan-Jun Xu, Wei-Jie Guan, Li-Feng Lin
Despite increased understanding of how viral infection is involved in asthma exacerbations, it is less clear which viruses are involved and to what extent they contribute to asthma exacerbations. Here, we sought to determine the prevalence of different respiratory viruses during asthma exacerbations. Systematic computerized searches of the literature up to June 2017 without language limitation were performed. The primary focus was on the prevalence of respiratory viruses, including AdV (adenovirus), BoV (bocavirus), CoV (coronavirus), CMV (cytomegalovirus), EnV (enterovirus), HSV (herpes simplex virus), IfV (influenza virus), MpV (metapneumovirus), PiV (parainfluenzavirus), RV (rhinovirus) and RSV (respiratory syncytial virus) during asthma exacerbations...
January 11, 2018: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326823/lichen-planus-following-tetanus-diphtheria-acellular-pertussis-vaccination-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Heather C Rosengard, Chikoti M Wheat, Matthew P Tilson, Jonathan D Cuda
Lichen planus is an inflammatory dermatosis with a prevalence of approximately 1%. Recent meta-analyses show that patients with hepatitis C virus have a 2.5- to 4.5-fold increased risk of developing lichen planus. Lichen planus has also followed vaccinations and has specifically been attributed to the hepatitis B vaccine, the influenza vaccine, and the tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis vaccine. We describe a case of lichen planus in a hepatitis C virus-infected African American male occurring in temporal association with the administration of the tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis vaccine...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322575/vaccine-preventable-child-deaths-in-new-south-wales-from-2005-to-2014-how-much-is-preventable
#13
Anastasia Phillips, Frank Beard, Kristine Macartney, Jocelyn Chan, Robin Gilmour, Gemma Saravanos, Peter McIntyre
AIM: To identify and describe potentially vaccine-preventable child deaths in New South Wales (NSW). METHODS: Child deaths in NSW from 2005 to 2014 potentially preventable by vaccination were identified from the NSW Child Death Register (maintained by the NSW Ombudsman) and the Notifiable Conditions Information Management System (NSW Health). Medical and post-mortem records were reviewed. Cases were classified as vaccine-preventable based on the strength of evidence for the relevant infection causing death and likelihood that death was preventable through vaccination...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320882/the-impact-of-influenza-virus-infection-in-pregnancy
#14
Lucy K Somerville, Kerri Basile, Dominic E Dwyer, Jen Kok
Data from previous seasonal epidemics and pandemics have confirmed that pregnant women are at increased risk for severe influenza virus infection. Complications including fetal loss, higher rates of hospitalization and maternal death are most notable during the late gestational period. Antiviral therapy and influenza vaccination are recommended in pregnant women as both are effective and safe. This review discusses the epidemiology, pathophysiology, treatment and prevention of influenza virus infection in pregnancy, with a focus on recent developments...
January 11, 2018: Future Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318796/recurrent-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-following-urinary-tract-infection-by-escherichia-coli
#15
Yoon Sik Jo, Jin Yong Choi, Hong Chung, Yuseok Kim, Sang Jun Na
Recurrent Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a rare, immune-mediated disease of the peripheral nervous system. It has been reported to occur at intervals ranging from four months to 10 years; published case studies suggest that 1%-6% of patients who have had GBS will experience recurrent attacks. The most commonly identified infections coinciding with GBS are Campylobacter jejuni, Haemophilus influenzae, Mycoplasma pneumonia, and cytomegalovirus, while an antecedent infection with Escherichia coli is very uncommon...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316311/prevalence-of-influenza-a-infection-in-the-middle-east-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Mohsen Moghoofei, Seyed Hamidreza Monavari, Shayan Mostafaei, Shima Hadifar, Amir Ghasemi, Farhad Babaei, Hoda Kavosi, Ahmad Tavakoli, Davod Javanmard, Maryam Esghaei, Nilofar Khodabandehlou
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to determine the prevalence rate of influenza virus from different parts of Middle East region, and present an overall relative frequency (RF) for this region. METHODS: The authors performed a systematic literature review from several reliable databases such as PubMed, ISI Web of Science and Scopus during 2000-2016. Furthermore, the keywords of this research were "Influenza", "Subtype", "Seroprevalence", "Incidence", "Seroepidemiology", "H1N1", "H3N2", "H5N1", "H9N2", "Middle-East", and "Meta-analysis"...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316047/parainfluenza-virus-5-vectored-vaccines-against-human-and-animal-infectious-diseases
#17
REVIEW
Zhenhai Chen
Parainfluenza virus 5 (PIV5), known as canine parainfluenza virus in the veterinary field, is a negative-sense, nonsegmented, single-stranded RNA virus belonging to the Paramyxoviridae family. Parainfluenza virus 5 is an excellent viral vector and has been used as a live vaccine for kennel cough for many years in dogs without any safety concern. It can grow to high titers in many cell types, and its genome is stable even in the presence of foreign gene insertions. So far, PIV5 has been used to develop vaccines against influenza virus, respiratory syncytial virus, rabies virus, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis, demonstrating its ability to elicit robust and protective immune responses in preclinical animal models...
January 5, 2018: Reviews in Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310427/towards-the-application-of-human-defensins-as-antivirals
#18
REVIEW
Mee Sook Park, Jin Il Kim, Ilseob Lee, Sehee Park, Joon-Yong Bae, Man-Seong Park
Defensins are antimicrobial peptides that participate in the innate immunity of hosts. Humans constitutively and/or inducibly express α- and β-defensins, which are known for their antiviral and antibacterial activities. This review describes the application of human defensins. We discuss the extant experimental results, limited though they are, to consider the potential applicability of human defensins as antiviral agents. Given their antiviral effects, we propose that basic research be conducted on human defensins that focuses on RNA viruses, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), influenza A virus (IAV), respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), and dengue virus (DENV), which are considered serious human pathogens but have posed huge challenges for vaccine development for different reasons...
January 9, 2018: Biomolecules & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303710/vaccinations-in-adults-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-an-era-of-new-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drugs
#19
REVIEW
Pier Luigi Meroni, Daniela Zavaglia, Corrado Girmenia
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis are at greater risk of infectious morbidity and mortality due to disease-related abnormalities and use of immunosuppressive medications. Vaccinations are recommended by international guidelines among infection control strategies, but vaccination rates are reported to be still suboptimal in both America and Europe. Furthermore, with the increasing number of immunomodulatory medications used in RA patients, safety and efficacy of vaccinations in RA patients on such therapies have been questioned...
December 15, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300314/fungi-in-bronchiectasis-a-concise-review
#20
REVIEW
Luis Máiz, Rosa Nieto, Rafael Cantón, Elia Gómez G de la Pedrosa, Miguel Ángel Martinez-García
Although the spectrum of fungal pathology has been studied extensively in immunosuppressed patients, little is known about the epidemiology, risk factors, and management of fungal infections in chronic pulmonary diseases like bronchiectasis. In bronchiectasis patients, deteriorated mucociliary clearance-generally due to prior colonization by bacterial pathogens-and thick mucosity propitiate, the persistence of fungal spores in the respiratory tract. The most prevalent fungi in these patients are Candida albicans and Aspergillus fumigatus; these are almost always isolated with bacterial pathogens like Haemophillus influenzae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, making very difficult to define their clinical significance...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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