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mediastinal shift

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107084/evidence-for-m2-macrophages-in-granulomas-from-pulmonary-sarcoidosis-a-new-aspect-of-macrophage-heterogeneity
#1
Masoud Shamaei, Esmaeil Mortaz, Mihan Pourabdollah, Johan Garssen, Payam Tabarsi, Aliakbar Velayati, Ian M Adcock
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. Macrophages play a key role in granuloma formation with the T cells, having a significant impact on macrophage polarization (M1 and M2) and the cellular composition of the granuloma. This study evaluates macrophage polarization in granulomas in pulmonary sarcoidosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tissue specimens from the Department of Pathology biobank at the Masih Daneshvari Hospital were obtained...
October 26, 2017: Human Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078613/the-athens-uniportal-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-masterclass-an-ambitious-kickstarter
#2
Constantine Marios Soultanis, Diego Gonzalez Rivas, Konstantinos Konstantinidis, Konstantinos Siafakas
The shift from open to minimally invasive techniques in thoracic surgery has been dramatic during the past 10 years. Not only the feasibility, safety, reproducibility and oncologic efficacy of these techniques have been clearly demonstrated, but also their superiority concerning mortality, postoperative pain, postoperative quality of life and recovery. Thus, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is currently the procedure of choice for a wide variety of thoracic interventions, ranging from major pulmonary resections for lung cancer to thymectomy and mediastinal procedures, even to esophageal procedures...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028157/transthoracic-catheter-drainage-for-large-symptomatic-congenital-pulmonary-airway-malformation
#3
Seong Hee Oh, Chae Young Kim, Byong Sop Lee, Dong Kwan Kim, Ellen Ai-Rhan Kim, Ki-Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection of large symptomatic congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM) in newborns has high risks of mortality and postoperative morbidity. This study aimed to report the clinical outcomes of newborns who underwent percutaneous transthoracic catheter drainage (PTCD) of large symptomatic CPAM before surgical resection. METHODS: This was a retrospective, descriptive study based on review of the medical records of newborn infants who required surgical resection of large symptomatic CPAM at a single tertiary hospital from 2001 to 2017...
October 13, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018009/paediatric-case-of-ductal-origin-of-right-pulmonary-artery-presenting-with-exertional-dyspnoea-and-mimicking-asthma-and-primary-ciliary-dyskinesia
#4
Malvika Sagar, Anderson S Marshall, Cody W Clary, Athar M Qureshi
Ductal origin of pulmonary artery is a rare anomaly that is frequently misdiagnosed. Patients may present with exertional dyspnoea, recurrent respiratory infections and pulmonary hypertension. The presence of pulmonary hypertension can adversely affect clinical outcome in these patients; hence, early identification and intervention is the key to improve survival. A case of a 3-year-old child presenting with exertional dyspnoea is presented in this report. Chest radiograph revealed right-sided pulmonary hypoplasia and mediastinal shift to the right...
October 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967190/multimodality-imaging-characteristics-of-tension-pyopneumothorax-secondary-to-pulmonary-carcinoma-in-a-cat
#5
Jaehwan Kim, Hakyoung Yoon, Soyoung Kim, Kidong Eom
A 3-year-old Himalayan cat was presented with respiratory distress. Radiography showed multiple gas opacity foci, with the locations dependent on patient positioning, and severe pleural effusion with a contralateral mediastinal shift. A large volume of fluid and air was aspirated, and the fluid components were consistent with a nonseptic exudate. A pulmonary mass, pleural nodules, and an air-fluid interface with air bubbles trapped in fibrous septations were identified using thoracic ultrasonography and CT...
October 1, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951700/adaptive-radiotherapy-in-a-case-of-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-bronchus-and-its-favourable-impact-on-treatment-outcome-a-case-report
#6
Suman Das, Yogaraja Dorairaja, Anandakrishnan Kuppusamy
Adenoid cystic carcinoma is a very rare malignancy commonly originating from the salivary glands of the head and neck. It is again very scantily seen in sites like the bronchus. Surgical resection is the mainstay of treatment but many a times the tumour site and size preclude a favourable outcome of surgery and the patient is advised for other forms of local treatment like Radiotherapy. Here, we present a case report of a young female with primary adenoid cystic carcinoma of the bronchus. The tumour was located in the carina and the left bronchus which was obstructing the airway resulting in collapse of the left lung, this resulted in shifting the mediastinum and abdominal structures in to the thorax...
November 2017: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935335/intrathoracic-rhabdomyosarcoma-with-mediastinal-shift
#7
Yu-Wei Liu, Dong-Lin Tsai, Jen-Yu Hung, Chun-Chieh Wu, Jui-Ying Lee, Shah-Hwa Chou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905224/the-outcome-and-risk-factors-for-recurrence-and-extended-hospitalization-of-secondary-spontaneous-pneumothorax
#8
Yoshitaro Saito, Yohei Suzuki, Ryo Demura, Hideki Kawai
PURPOSE: Secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (SSP) is difficult to treat by itself and due to its association with serious underlying diseases. It has a high rate of recurrence and often requires extended hospitalization. Therefore, we evaluated the outcome and risk factors associated with recurrence and extended hospitalization. METHODS: We retrospectively examined 61 patients with SSP, and evaluated the patients' characteristics, underlying diseases, introduction of home oxygen therapy, Brinkman index, and X-ray imaging findings to determine the risk factors for recurrence and extended hospitalization...
September 13, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901960/sudden-death-in-an-adult-due-to-nontraumatic-diaphragmatic-hernia
#9
Hideaki Kato, Yasuhiro Aoki, Jun Ohtaki, Yoshimi Nakamura, Mohammed Hassan Gaballah, Mamiko Fukuta, Katsumasa Kobayashi
Sudden death due to diaphragmatic hernia in an adult is exceptionally rare. A 43-year-old man was found dead by his cohabiting mother, lying supine on the floor in his house. He had complained of epigastric discomfort for 1 month, and respiratory symptoms occurred 1 day before his death. He had no history of trauma. Postmortem computed tomography scan revealed the enlarged fluid-filled stomach herniated into the left pleural cavity, compressing the left lung with a mediastinal shift to the right. At autopsy, the left pleural cavity was occupied by herniated abdominal contents with mediastinal shift...
December 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882976/endobronchial-carcinoid-tumor-totally-occluding-the-left-main-bronchus-without-producing-symptoms-of-bronchial-obstruction
#10
Diamantis I Tsilimigras, Demetrios Moris, Ioannis Ntanasis-Stathopoulos, Davide Patrini, Nikolaos Panagiotopoulos
BACKGROUND: Bronchial carcinoid tumors (BCTs) are rare neuroendocrine neoplasms of the lung that mainly have a central distribution. They are classified as typical and atypical, with the former variant generally conferring a more favorable survival. Central tumors are usually symptomatic with features of bronchial obstruction, whereas peripheral tumors may remain silent. CASE REPORT: A 36-year-old woman presented to our hospital due to an episode of massive hemoptysis 5 days prior to admission...
September 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790289/-management-of-chest-drain-after-lung-resection
#11
Satoshi Muto, Hiroyuki Suzuki
The aims of chest drainage after pulmonary resection are to evacuate fluid and air that accumulate in the pleural space and to obtain information on problems such as air leakage and postoperative bleeding. Although suction or water seal drainages are commonly used procedures, the use of digital monitoring system (Thopaz) is gaining popularity as an alternative of the procedures. We need to pay attention to postoperative hemorrhage, chylothorax, infection, and air leakage. Chest X-ray is essential to check the position of the drainage tube and lung expansion...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753246/outcome-of-prenatally-diagnosed-congenital-lung-anomalies-in-the-north-of-england-a-review-of-228-cases-to-aid-in-prenatal-counselling
#12
Lesley Walker, Kelly Cohen, Judith Rankin, David Crabbe
OBJECTIVE: To describe data on congenital lung anomalies identified on prenatal ultrasound from two centres in the North of England. METHOD: This retrospective case series includes all cases notified to the Northern Congenital Abnormality Survey from 1990 to 2010 and to Leeds Regional Fetal Medicine Unit 2000-2015. RESULTS: There were a total of 228 cases, 101 from Northern Congenital Abnormality Survey and 127 from Leeds Regional Fetal Medicine Unit...
October 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721193/giant-spontaneous-herniation-of-the-post-pneumonectomy-cavity
#13
Alessandro Tamburrini, Adnan Raza, Aiman Alzetani
Following a pneumonectomy, excessive mediastinal shift can cause rare complications involving the post-pneumonectomy cavity, which can become the seat of herniation of the residual lung and of the heart. We herein report an even more rare event, entailing an impressive herniation of the actual entire post-pneumonectomy cavity through an intercostal space, which developed spontaneously nearly 3 years after surgery. Surgical excision of the hernia sac and repair of the defect with polypropylene mesh provided adequate treatment and good cosmetic results...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586146/locating-the-level-and-extent-of-congenital-high-airway-obstruction-fluid-in-the-airway-tract-as-reference-points
#14
Mamatha Gowda, Shilpa Gupta, Ashraf Ali, Shanthi Paranthaman
Described here are a series of four cases of congenital high airway obstruction in the fetus. All of the patients presented in the second trimester and all had hydrops fetalis. Three cases had bilateral hyperinflated lungs, midline shift of heart, flattening or inversion of the diaphragm, and fetal ascites. Autopsy was performed in one of these three and showed laryngeal atresia. In one fetus, there was only a unilateral huge enlargement of the lung with mediastinal shift. On autopsy, this fetus had atresia of right main bronchus...
October 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575399/characteristics-and-prognostic-factors-of-node-negative-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-larger-than-5%C3%A2-cm
#15
Sukki Cho, Kwhanmien Kim, Sanghoon Jheon
OBJECTIVES: In the 7th edition of the tumour, node and metastasis staging system, a primary tumour size larger than 5 cm was shifted to Stage II. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the characteristics and prognostic factors of node-negative non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) larger than 5 cm. METHODS: We included 109 patients who underwent curative resection and had pathologically confirmed node-negative NSCLC >5 cm (Group 1). We compared the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of these patients with 85 patients with node-positive NSCLC >5 cm (Group 2) and 383 patients who had node-positive NSCLC ≤5 cm (Group 3)...
September 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539992/bi-directional-hepatic-hydrothorax
#16
Madhan Nellaiyappan, Anastasios Kapetanos
A 59-year-old male with alcoholic cirrhosis presented to our hospital with an acutely painful umbilical hernia, and 4 mo of exertional dyspnea. He was noted to be tachypneic and hypoxic. He had a massive right sided pleural effusion with leftward mediastinal shift and gross ascites, with a tense, fluid-filled, umbilical hernia. Emergent paracentesis with drain placement and a large volume thoracentesis were performed. Despite improvement in dyspnea and drainage of 15 L of ascitic fluid, the massive transudative pleural effusion remained largely unchanged...
May 8, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352483/ultrasound-echocardiography-mri-and-genetic-analysis-of-a-fetus-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-and-partial-11q-trisomy
#17
Yolanda Fernández-Perea, Lutgardo García-Díaz, Javier Sánchez, Guillermo Antiñolo, Salud Borrego
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a serious birth defect with a significant mortality and morbidity. The current and constant progress in ultrasound techniques has led to the improvement of the prenatal diagnosis of this malformation. CDH is a developmental defect whose etiology is heterogeneous and takes place when the pleuroperitoneal folds and septum transversum fail to converge and fuse. Survival depends on the extent of pulmonary hypoplasia and the disease may be potentially worsened by the presence of added congenital defects...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342574/ultrasound-findings-in-tension-pneumothorax-a-case-report
#18
Maxine Inocencio, Jeannine Childs, Mikaela L Chilstrom, Kristin Berona
BACKGROUND: Delayed recognition of tension pneumothorax can lead to a mortality of 31% to 91%. However, the classic physical examination findings of tracheal deviation and distended neck veins are poorly sensitive in the diagnosis of tension pneumothorax. Point-of-care ultrasound is accurate in identifying the presence of pneumothorax, but sonographic findings of tension pneumothorax are less well described. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 21-year-old man with sudden-onset left-sided chest pain...
June 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337441/pentoxifylline-regulates-plasminogen-activator-inhibitor-1-expression-and-protein-kinase-a-phosphorylation-in-radiation-induced-lung-fibrosis
#19
Jong-Geol Lee, Sehwan Shim, Min-Jung Kim, Jae Kyung Myung, Won-Suk Jang, Chang-Hwan Bae, Sun-Joo Lee, Kyeong Min Kim, Young-Woo Jin, Seung-Sook Lee, Sunhoo Park
Purpose. Radiation-induced lung fibrosis (RILF) is a serious late complication of radiotherapy. In vitro studies have demonstrated that pentoxifylline (PTX) has suppressing effects in extracellular matrix production in fibroblasts, while the antifibrotic action of PTX alone using clinical dose is yet unexplored. Materials and Methods. We used micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) and histopathological analysis to evaluate the antifibrotic effects of PTX in a rat model of RILF. Results. Micro-CT findings showed that lung density, volume loss, and mediastinal shift are significantly increased at 16 weeks after irradiation...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302232/giant-ganglioneuroma-in-a-5-year-child
#20
Hamza Abdur Rahim Khan, Fazal Wahab Khan, Saulat Hasnain Fatimi
We report a 5-year boy presenting with pain in the lower chest and upper abdomen. On evaluation with computed tomography scan of the chest, he was found to have a large 16 x 14 cm posterior mediastinal mass compressing the inferior vena cava and liver, and shifting the heart to the opposite side. Tumor was approached via right postero-lateral thoracotomy and dissected off from esophagus, heart, inferior vena cava and lungs. The entire tumor was resected without any complications. Postoperative course was unremarkable...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
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