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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053664/scientific-production-of-vice-chancellors-for-research-in-peruvian-universities-with-a-medical-school
#1
Percy Herrera-Añazco, Germán Valenzuela-Rodríguez, Josmel Pacheco-Mendoza, Germán Málaga
OBJECTIVES: To determine the scientific production of Research Vice-chancellors at Peruvian universities that have medical schools, as well as their academic degrees as an indirect way to evaluate their suitability for the position they hold. METHODS: We searched all Peruvian universities that register medical schools. Of these, the scientific production of the universities registered in SCOPUS was identified in September of the 2016. The scientific production of the vice chancellors of investigation of these faculties of medicine was determined through the search of its scientific publications registered in SCOPUS and those reported in the National Registry of Researchers in Science and Technology...
October 19, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053630/rapid-classification-and-identification-of-chemical-components-of-schisandra-chinensis-by-uplc-q-tof-ms-combined-with-data-post-processing
#2
Shenshen Yang, Lanlan Shan, Houmin Luo, Xue Sheng, Jun Du, Yubo Li
Schisandra chinensis (known in Chinese as WuWeiZi, WWZ) has observable effects such as astringing the lung to stop coughs, arresting sweating, preserving semen and preventing diarrhea. The major components of WWZ include lignans, triterpenoids, organic acids and fatty acids. In this paper, a reliable method for the rapid identification of multiple components in WWZ by their characteristic fragments and neutral losses using UPLC-Q-TOF/MS technology was developed. After review of the literature and some reference experiments, the fragmentation pattern of several compounds were studied and summarized...
October 20, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052395/-purifying-process-of-gynostemma-pentaphyllum-saponins-based-on-adjoint-marker-online-control-technology-and-identification-of-their-compositions-by-uplc-qtof-ms
#3
Dong-Dong Fan, Yan-Hui Kuang, Li-Hua Dong, Xiao Ye, Liang-Mian Chen, Dong Zhang, Zhen-Shan Ma, Jin-Yu Wang, Jing-Jing Zhu, Zhi-Min Wang, De-Qin Wang, Chu-Yuan Li
To optimize the purification process of gynostemma pentaphyllum saponins (GPS) based on "adjoint marker" online control technology with GPS as the testing index. UPLC-QTOF-MS technology was used for qualitative analysis. "Adjoint marker" online control results showed that the end point of load sample was that the UV absorbance of effluent liquid was equal to half of that of load sample solution, and the absorbance was basically stable when the end point was stable. In UPLC-QTOF-MS qualitative analysis, 16 saponins were identified from GPS, including 13 known gynostemma saponins and 3 new saponins...
April 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052375/-referencing-and-inosculating-discussion-on-modern-research-strategy-for-ethnomedicines
#4
Zhi-Yong Li, Xing-Yun Chai, Tao Yuan, Guang-Zhi Ding, Hai-Ying Tong
This article reviewed the current situation of ethnomedicines in China, and propos that the important research on ethnomedicine is to focus on the theoretical and empirical characteristics of ethnomedicine and the special features in the processes of collecting,processing and clinical application of ethnomedicine, which will be benefit to find the research principles and methods with the characteristics of ethnomedicine. These principles include making clear of the effective substances and mechanisms, and theoretical and empirical characteristics of ethnomedicine...
April 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051954/the-development-of-a-panax-notoginseng-medicinal-liquor-processing-technology-using-the-response-surface-method-and-a-study-of-its-antioxidant-activity-and-its-effects-on-mouse-melanoma-b16-cells
#5
Liao Peiran, Liu Ying, Zhao Mingzhuo, Yang Ye, Cui Xiuming
Panax notoginseng medicinal liquor (PML) has a long history of use in the function of blood circulation. However, the processing of PML is currently dependent on experience, which results in low efficiency and unstable quality of PML. A variety of substances of P. notoginseng have a strong ability to scavenge free radicals and antioxidant activity, but the antioxidant activity of PML has not been formally researched. The aim of the present study was to optimize the processing technology of PML and to verify the anti-oxidation and anti-deposition of melanin functions of PML...
October 20, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051746/commentary-efficacy-of-follicle-stimulating-hormone-fsh-alone-fsh%C3%A2-%C3%A2-luteinizing-hormone-human-menopausal-gonadotropin-or-fsh%C3%A2-%C3%A2-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-on-assisted-reproductive-technology-outcomes-in-the-personalized-medicine-era-a-meta-analysis
#6
COMMENT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051396/facial-transplantation-an-update-of-results-and-perspectives-from-tissue-engineering
#7
Francesco Simonacci, Roberto Toni, Edoardo Raposio
BACKGROUND/AIM: Facial transplantation is a revolutionary procedure developed recently, which is indicated if autologous transfers fail to restore human appearance. More than 30 patients have undergone facial transplantation in different centers worldwide. Here, we provide an update on its main anatomical, surgical, immunological, ethical, and follow- up aspects. We also provide innovative perspectives of regenerative medicine and tissue engineering that could hold promise for this emerging surgical field...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046028/-aria-2016-executive-summary-integrated-care-pathways-for-predictive-medicine-throughout-the-life-cycle-in-argentina
#8
Juan Carlos Ivancevich, Hugo Neffen, Mario E Zernotti, Estrella Asayag, Ariel Blua, Alberto Cicerán, Edgardo J Jares, Alberto J Lavrut, Jorge F Máspero, Ioana Agache, Claus Bachert, Anna Bedbrook, Giorgio W Canonica, Thomas B Casale, Álvaro A Cruz, Wytske J Fokkens, Peter W Hellings, Boleslaw Samolinski, Jean Bousquet
The ARIA initiative was started during a World Health Organization workshop in 1999. The initial goals were to propose a new classification for allergic rhinitis, to promote the concept of multi-morbidity in asthma and rhinitis and to develop guidelines with stakeholders for world-wide use. ARIA is now focused on the implementation of emerging technologies for individualized and predictive medicine. MASK: MACVIA-Aria Sentinel Network uses mobile technology to develop care pathways that enable management by a multidisciplinary group or by patients themselves...
July 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045276/impact-of-required-versus-self-directed-use-of-virtual-patient-cases-on-clerkship-performance-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Sarang Kim, Laura R Willett, Wilbur J Pan, Joyce Afran, John A Walker, Judy A Shea
PURPOSE: To explore how students use and benefit from virtual patient cases (VPCs). METHOD: In academic years 2013-2014 and 2014-2015, cohorts of students in pediatrics (Peds), family medicine (FM), and internal medicine (IM) clerkships were allocated to either core required use (CRU) or self-directed use (SU) of MedU VPCs. Outcomes included number and time of case review, student perception of learning from VPCs, National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) subject examination scores, and summative clinical ratings for medical knowledge and differential diagnoses/problem solving...
October 17, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044404/a-new-cordycepin-producing-caterpillar-fungus-ophiocordyceps-xuefengensis-with-artificial-infection-to-the-host-cultivation-of-mycelia-and-stromata
#10
Jian Jin, Can Zhong, You Qin, Yuan Cai, Lanping Zhen, Bingbing Shen, Lin Chen, Dan Wan, Yuhui Qin, Shuihan Zhang
Caterpillar fungi have numerous pharmacological and therapeutic applications in traditional medicine, due to a variety of active chemical constituents, such as cordycepin and adenosine. It is imperative to discover new resource for artificial cultivation and biometabolite production since the traditional natural species are endangered. In this study, a new strain HACM 001 was isolated and identified as Ophiocordyceps xuefengensis by rDNA-ITS sequencing. This strain showed the potential of artificial infection to caterpillar larvae leading to mummification, as well as fermentation mycelia in liquid culture and cultivation stromata in solid medium...
November 1, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043986/potential-of-big-data-analytics-in-the-french-in-vitro-diagnostics-market
#11
Nicolas Dubois, Nicolas Garnier, Christophe Meune
The new paradigm of the big data raises many expectations, particularly in the field of health. Curiously, even though medical biology laboratories generate a great amount of data, the opportunities offered by this new field are poorly documented. For better understanding the clinical context of chronical disease follow-up, for leveraging preventive and/or personalized medicine, the contribution of big data analytics seems very promising. It is within this framework that we have explored to use data of a Breton group of laboratories of medical biology to analyze the possible contributions of their exploitation in the improvement of the clinical practices and to anticipate the evolution of pathologies for the benefit of patients...
October 18, 2017: Annales de Biologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043949/arthroscopic-surgery-for-knee-osteoarthritis-impact-of-health-technology-assessment-in-germany
#12
Naomi Fujita-Rohwerder, Alric Rüther, Stefan Sauerland
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to describe how a negative reimbursement decision-based on the health technology assessment (HTA) report of a nondrug intervention-affects healthcare providers in Germany. METHODS: Knee arthroscopy was chosen as an example, because as of April 2016 this procedure is no longer reimbursed for osteoarthritis, but is still covered for other indications, including meniscal lesions. The exclusion followed an HTA report prepared by the Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG)...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043857/magnetic-carbon-nanotubes-preparation-physical-properties-and-applications-in-biomedicine
#13
Mehrdad Samadishadlou, Masoud Farshbaf, Nasim Annabi, Taras Kavetskyy, Rovshan Khalilov, Siamak Saghfi, Abolfazl Akbarzadeh, Sepideh Mousavi
Magnetic carbon nanotubes (MCNTs) have been widely studied for their potential applications in medicine, diagnosis, cell biology, analytical chemistry, and environmental technology. Introduction of MCNTs paved the way for the emergence of new approaches in nanobiotechnology and biomedicine as a result of their multifarious properties embedded within either the carbon nanotubes (CNTs) or magnetic parts. Numerous preparation techniques exists for functionalizing CNTs with magnetic nanoparticles, and these versatile strategies lay the ground for the generation of novel and versatile systems which are applicable to many industries and biological areas...
October 18, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043570/towards-precision-nephrology-the-opportunities-and-challenges-of-genomic-medicine
#14
REVIEW
Jordan G Nestor, Emily E Groopman, Ali G Gharavi
The expansion of genomic medicine is furthering our understanding of many human diseases. This is well illustrated in the field of nephrology, through the characterization, discovery, and growing insight into various renal diseases through use of Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technologies. This review will provide an overview of the diagnostic opportunities of using genetic testing in the clinical setting by describing notable discoveries regarding inherited forms of renal disease that have advanced the field and by highlighting some of the potential benefits of establishing a molecular diagnosis in a clinical practice...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043540/between-quality-of-life-and-hope-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-muslim-women-toward-withholding-and-withdrawing-life-sustaining-treatments
#15
REVIEW
Chaïma Ahaddour, Stef Van den Branden, Bert Broeckaert
The technological advances in medicine, including prolongation of life, have constituted several dilemmas at the end of life. In the context of the Belgian debates on end-of-life care, the views of Muslim women remain understudied. The aim of this article is fourfold. First, we seek to describe the beliefs and attitudes of middle-aged and elderly Moroccan Muslim women toward withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining treatments. Second, we aim to identify whether differences are observable among middle-aged and elderly women's attitudes toward withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining treatments...
October 17, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043011/debates-in-allergy-medicine-allergy-skin-testing-cannot-be-replaced-by-molecular-diagnosis-in-the-near-future
#16
Désirée Larenas-Linnemann, Jorge A Luna-Pech, Ralph Mösges
Percutaneous skin prick tests (SPT) have been considered the preferred method for confirming IgE-mediated sensitization. This reliable and minimally invasive technique correlates with in vivo challenges, has good reproducibility, is easily quantified, and allows analyzing multiple allergens simultaneously. Potent extracts and a proficient tester improve its accuracy. Molecular-based allergy diagnostics (MA-Dx) quantifies allergenic components obtained either from purification of natural sources or recombinant technology to identify the patient's reactivity to those specific allergenic protein components...
2017: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042823/digital-health-technology-for-use-in-patients-with-serious-mental-illness-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Sonal Batra, Ross A Baker, Tao Wang, Felicia Forma, Faith DiBiasi, Timothy Peters-Strickland
BACKGROUND: As the capabilities and reach of technology have expanded, there is an accompanying proliferation of digital technologies developed for use in the care of patients with mental illness. The objective of this review was to systematically search published literature to identify currently available health technologies and their intended uses for patients with serious mental illness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Medline, Embase, and BIOSIS Previews electronic databases were searched to identify peer-reviewed English language articles that reported the use of digital, mobile, and other advanced technology in patients with schizophrenia/schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorder, and major depressive disorder...
2017: Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041693/development-of-a-fiber-optic-gamma-endoscope-to-measure-both-optical-and-gamma-images-in-a-confined-space
#18
Mingeon Kim, Wook Jae Yoo, Bongsoo Lee
In nuclear medicine, obtaining information on the exact location, size, and dose of radiopharmaceuticals distributed on lesions is critically important. Therefore, we have fabricated a novel fiber-optic gamma endoscope (FOGE) to measure the shape and size of the radioisotope as well as the gamma-ray distribution simultaneously. To evaluate the performance of the novel FOGE, we obtained optical images and gamma images by using a USAF 1951 target and radioisotope sources, respectively. The experimental results demonstrated that the FOGE could be utilized to obtain both the location and the distribution of the radioactive isotope that emitted gamma-rays...
August 21, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040783/patient-exposure-from-nuclear-medicine-in-france-national-follow-up-and-influence-of-the-technology-through-diagnostic-reference-levels-data-analysis
#19
Patrice Roch, David Celier, Cécile Dessaud, Cécile Etard
The Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection French Institute (IRSN) presents its latest assessment from up-to-date diagnostic reference levels (DRL) national data in nuclear medicine (NM). NM departments annually send data to IRSN to estimate the representativeness of current DRLs. Complementary analyses of the data have been performed to evaluate the influence of equipment evolution on practice and patient radiation exposure. Based on data from almost 90% of the French NM departments, some DRL update are proposed...
October 13, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040418/translational-medicine-in-the-age-of-big-data
#20
Nicholas P Tatonetti
The ability to collect, store and analyze massive amounts of molecular and clinical data is fundamentally transforming the scientific method and its application in translational medicine. Collecting observations has always been a prerequisite for discovery, and great leaps in scientific understanding are accompanied by an expansion of this ability. Particle physics, astronomy and climate science, for example, have all greatly benefited from the development of new technologies enabling the collection of larger and more diverse data...
October 12, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
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