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Supraventricular tachycardia

Bryan Padraig Finn, Brian Fraser, Susan M O'Connell
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality in new-onset type 1 diabetes (T1D). Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), however, is a very rare complication of DKA. We present the case of a patient with new-onset T1D who presented with DKA. He received intravenous fluid resuscitation, insulin and potassium supplementation and subsequently developed SVT, confirmed on a 12-lead electrocardiograph despite a structurally normal heart. Vagal manoeuvres and adenosine failed to restore sinus rhythm, but flecainide was successful...
March 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Yalçın Velibey, Furkan Durak, Ceyhan Türkkan, Ahmet Taha Alper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
Shinya Iwasawa, Tomomi Uyeda, Mika Saito, Taku Ishii, Akio Inage, Yuji Hamamichi, Satoshi Yazaki, Tadahiro Yoshikawa
Amiodarone (AMD) is a class III anti-arrhythmic drug that is highly effective for tachyarrhythmia treatment. AMD is widely used in adults with congenital heart disease (CHD); however, higher doses of AMD (> 200 mg/day) can cause various non-cardiac side effects. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy, safety, and adverse events of low-dose AMD (≤ 200 mg/day) for tachyarrhythmia in patients with CHD. We retrospectively studied 80 patients with CHD and tachyarrhythmia who received oral low-dose AMD (≤ 200 mg/day) from January 2004 to March 2016...
March 9, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
Amy L Patton, Kathryn A Seely, Azure L Yarbrough, William Fantegrossi, Laura P James, Keith R McCain, Ryoichi Fujiwara, Paul L Prather, Jeffery H Moran, Anna Radominska-Pandya
Synthetic cannabinoids (SCBs), synonymous with 'K2', 'Spice' or 'synthetic marijuana', are psychoactive drugs of abuse that frequently result in clinical effects and toxicity more severe than those classically associated with Δ9 -tetrahydrocannabinol such as extreme agitation, hallucinations, supraventricular tachycardia, syncope, and seizures. JWH-018 is one of the earliest compounds identified in various SCB products, and our laboratory previously demonstrated that JWH-018 undergoes extensive metabolism by cytochromes P450 (P450), binds to, and activates cannabinoid receptors (CBRs)...
March 6, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Salma I Patel, Michael J Ackerman, Fadi E Shamoun, Jeffrey B Geske, Steve R Ommen, William T Love, Stephen S Cha, Johan M Bos, Steven J Lester
INTRODUCTION: Risk assessment for sudden cardiac death (SCD) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) remains complex. The goal of this study was to assess electrocardiogram (ECG)-derived risk factors on SCD in a large HCM population Methods: Retrospective review of adults with HCM evaluated at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN from 1 December 2002 to 31 December 2012 was performed. Data inclusive of ECG and 24-hour ambulatory Holter monitor were assessed. SCD events were documented by ventricular fibrillation (VF) noted on implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), or appropriate VT or VF-terminating ICD shock...
March 7, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
Sheryl Tulin-Silver, Chrystal Obi, Nishita Kothary, Matthew Lungren
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to compare safety and efficacy of transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) and percutaneous liver biopsy (PLB) with tract embolization in pediatric patients with liver disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: TJLB and PLB between December 2009 and October 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Primary endpoints were adequate sampling and complication rate. Patient age, weight, coagulation factors, ascites, blood transfusions, adequacy of biopsy sample, number of biopsy samples, and complications were compared...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Prabhpreet Singh, Amit Noheria
Invasive electrophysiology (EP) mapping and catheter ablation has increasingly become the standard of care for many cardiac arrhythmias like supraventricular tachycardias, atrial fibrillation, premature ventricular complexes (PVC), and monomorphic ventricular tachycardia. In this review, we discuss the recent progress made in the mapping and ablation of ventricular fibrillation (VF). Ventricular activation during VF is apparently disorganized, making mapping and interpretation difficult. Prolonged mapping during VF would require mechanical circulatory support as VF causes complete hemodynamic collapse...
March 6, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
Hidekazu Kondo, Tetsuji Shinohara, Toyokazu Otsubo, Miho Miyoshi, Akira Fukui, Takeshi Tsuchiya, Naohiko Takahashi
Atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia (AVRT) and atrioventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardia (AVNRT) can coexist and present unidirectional transition (from AVRT to AVNRT, or from AVNRT to AVRT) in a single patient. Actually, such cases have already been reported previously. However, a case with spontaneous bidirectional transition of both tachycardias during supraventricular tachycardia has never been reported. This article describes a case with spontaneous, mutual, and frequent transition between AVRT and AVNRT...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Electrocardiology
Carlee D Ruediger, Bobby John, Sathesh Kumar, Han S Lim, Geetanjali Rangnekar, Kurt C Roberts-Thomson, Glenn D Young, David Chase, Prashanthan Sanders, Scott R Willoughby
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that ethnicity can make a significant difference to the likelihood of thromboembolic stroke related to atrial fibrillation. Ethnic differences have been shown to alter inflammatory and haemostatic factors; however, this may all be confounded by differences in cardiovascular risk factors between different ethnicity. The impact of different ethnicities on the thrombogenic profile is not known. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in markers of inflammation, endothelial function and tissue remodelling between Caucasian and Indian populations with supraventricular tachycardia (SVT)...
January 2018: Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
Taner Kasar, Pelin Ayyildiz, Gulhan Tunca Sahin, Erkut Ozturk, Selman Gokalp, Sertac Haydin, Alper Guzeltas, Yakup Ergul
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate rhythm abnormalities in cases of congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (ccTGA) and associated treatment strategies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 65 pediatric patients with ccTGA who were admitted to the clinic between 2009 and 2017. The patients were divided into two groups, and surgical data, Holter electrocardiographic (ECG) recordings, ECG recordings, electrophysiological data, and device implantation data on the two groups were compared...
February 24, 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
Katie A Walsh, Joseph Galvin, John Keaney, Edward Keelan, Gabor Szeplaki
AIMS: Zero- and near-zero-fluoroscopic ablation techniques reduce the harmful effects of ionizing radiation during invasive electrophysiology procedures. We aimed to test the feasibility and safety of a zero-fluoroscopic strategy using a novel integrated magnetic and impedance-based electroanatomical mapping system for radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of supraventricular tachycardias (SVTs). METHODS: We retrospectively studied 92 consecutive patients undergoing electrophysiology studies with/without RFA for supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) performed by a single operator at a single center...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
Yahiya Y Syed
Intravenous landiolol [Rapibloc® (EU)], an ultra short-acting highly cardioselective β1 -blocker, is approved in the EU for the rapid short-term control of tachyarrhythmias in the perioperative and intensive care settings. It has long been used in Japan to treat perioperative tachyarrhythmias. The efficacy of landiolol has been demonstrated in a large number of randomized controlled clinical trials. Landiolol significantly reduced heart rate in patients with postoperative or intraoperative supraventricular tachycardia relative to placebo and in those with atrial fibrillation/flutter and left ventricular dysfunction relative to digoxin...
February 22, 2018: Drugs
Calvin Tong, Marla Kiess, Marc William Deyell, Michael Qiu, Merav Orgad, Valerie Rychel, Ariel Claman, Emma Hardwick, Beverly McCarthy, Candice K Silversides, Jasmine Grewal
OBJECTIVES: To determine cardiac and fetal/neonatal event rates among pregnant women with premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) and compare with control groups. METHODS: Prospective case-control cohort study: 53 consecutive pregnancies in 49 women referred to the St. Paul's Hospital between 2010 and 2016 with PVC burden >1% in women without underlying cardiac disease. Maternal cardiac and fetal/neonatal outcomes were compared with two pregnant control groups: (1) supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) group of 53 women referred for a history of SVT/SVT in the current pregnancy and (2) low-risk group of 53 women with no cardiac disease...
February 20, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Marcin Waligóra, Anna Tyrka, Tomasz Miszalski-Jamka, Małgorzata Urbańczyk-Zawadzka, Piotr Podolec, Grzegorz Kopeć
BACKGROUND: Right atrial (RA) enlargement is a common finding in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and an important predictor of mortality, however its relation to the risk of atrial arrhythmias has not been assessed. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether RA enlargement is associated with supraventricular arrhythmias (SVA) and whether it predicts new clinically significant SVA (csSVA). METHODS: Patients with PAH were recruited between January 2010 and December 2014 and followed until January 2017...
February 14, 2018: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
H-J Trappe
The 12-lead surface electrocardiogram (ECG) is of great importance for the diagnostics of cardiac arrhythmias. For the correct and systematic analysis it has a sensitivity and specificity for the correct diagnosis of supraventricular tachycardia or ventricular tachycardia of more than 95%. Nevertheless, the assessment of cardiac rhythm disorders is difficult for many physicians. In this way errors can occur, frequently due to a non-systematic analysis of the ECG; therefore, the aim of this article is to present the techniques and the necessary knowledge for assessment of the most frequent bradycardiac and tachycardiac heart rhythm disorders...
February 15, 2018: Herz
Linda S B Johnson, Anders P Persson, Per Wollmer, Steen Juul-Möller, Tord Juhlin, Gunnar Engström
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is defined as an irregular supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) without p-waves, with a duration >30s. It is not known whether AF characteristics in shorter SVT episodes predict AF and stroke. OBJECTIVES: To determine if irregularity and lack of p-waves, alone or in combination, at short SVT episodes increased the risk of incident AF and ischemic stroke. METHODS: The population-based Malmö Diet and Cancer study includes 24hECG screening of 377 AF-free individuals (mean age 64...
February 12, 2018: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Balaganesh Karmegeraj, Sushmita Namdeo, Abish Sudhakar, Vivek Krishnan, Radhamany Kunjukutty, Balu Vaidyanathan
Background: Limited information is available regarding the prevalence and outcomes of fetal tachyarrhythmias from the developing countries. Aims: This study aims to report referral patterns, management protocols, and pregnancy outcomes of fetuses with tachyarrhythmias reporting to a single center in South India. Methods: All fetuses with documented sustained fetal tachyarrhythmia during the study period (2008-2017) were included. Arrhythmia characterization and hemodynamic evaluation were done using fetal echocardiography...
January 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Elisabetta Bucci, Marco Testa, Loretta Licchelli, Alessandra Frattari, Nadia Attalla El Halabieh, Erica Gabriele, Giulia Pignatelli, Tiziana De Santis, Laura Fionda, Fiammetta Vanoli, Stefania Morino, Matteo Garibaldi, Antonella Di Pasquale, Nicola Vanacore, Annalisa Botta, Giovanni Antonini
Cardiac conduction and/or rhythm abnormalities (CCRA) are the most frequent and life-threatening complications in DM1. In order to determine prevalence, incidence, characteristics, age of onset and predictors of CCRA, CCRA progression and sudden cardiac death (SCD) in DM1, we collected ECG/24hECG-Holter data from a yearly updated 34-year database of a cohort of 103 DM1 patients without cardiac abnormalities at baseline, followed for at least 1 year. Fifty-five patients developed CCRA [39 developed conduction abnormalities (CCA) and 16 rhythm abnormalities (CRA)], which progressed in 22...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Neurology
Nitin Kulkarni, Mark S Link
Use of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators as a primary prevention therapy has been shown to reduce mortality in patients after cardiac arrest and also with left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Yet, inappropriate shocks are variably reported and associated with a reduction in quality of life. Inappropriate shocks are the result of environmental causes leading to electromagnetic interference and inappropriate sensing of external noise, device-related causes from inappropriate sensing of physiologic or pathologic signals, and supraventricular arrhythmias...
March 2018: Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinics
Taihei Itoh, Takumi Yamada
A 44-year-old man with a history of ventricular preexcitation and supraventricular tachycardia was evaluated. The baseline electrocardiogram exhibited ventricular preexcitation with a normal PR interval and a minimally negative delta wave in lead V1 and positive delta waves in the inferior leads. The administration of adenosine resulted in a progressive prolongation of the PR interval with a fixed preexcitation degree, suggesting the presence of antegrade conduction over the fasciculo-ventricular pathway. When complete right bundle branch block occurred, the degree of preexcitation never changed...
January 30, 2018: Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
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