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Supraventricular tachycardia

Nicole E Worden, Musab Alqasrawi, Alexander Mazur
BACKGROUND: Available atrial electrograms in implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD) improve arrhythmia diagnosis, allow monitoring for atrial fibrillation and may reduce the risk of inappropriate therapies. A recently introduced ICD system using a single-lead with floating atrial electrodes provides diagnostic capability of a dual-chamber system without placing an additional lead. Data on long-term clinical performance of this system are limited. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from 35 consecutive patients implanted with Biotronik VR-T DX devices and Linox (Smart) DX leads...
October 24, 2016: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Lior Bibas, Michael Levi, Vidal Essebag
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2016: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
Beata Jackowska-Zduniak, Urszula Forys
A proposed model consisting of two coupled models (Hodgkin-Huxley and Yanagihara-Noma-Irisawa model) is considered as a description of the heart's action potential. System of ordinary differential equations is used to recreate pathological behaviour in the conducting heart's system such as double fire and the most common tachycardia: atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). Part of the population has an abnormal accessory pathways: fast and slow (Fujiki, 2008). These pathways in the atrioventricular node (AV node) are anatomical and functional contributions of supraventricular tachycardia...
December 1, 2016: Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering: MBE
Judson A Moore, Antonio G Cabrera, Jeffrey J Kim, Santiago O Valdés, Caridad de la Uz, Christina Y Miyake
Follow-up data and correlation of arrhythmias, electrocardiogram (ECG) changes, and cardiac function in anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary trunk or artery have not been previously studied. This is a retrospective single-center review of 44 anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary trunk or artery patients diagnosed between 1992 and 2014, at a median age of 3 months (3 days to 13 years). Clinical history, ECG, Holter, and echocardiogram data were reviewed. ECGs were reviewed for contiguous Q-or T-wave inversions, hypertrophy, bundle branch block, and axis deviation...
September 23, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Amee M Bigelow, Brandon S Arnold, Gregory C Padrutt, John M Clark
In current practice, children with anatomically normal hearts routinely undergo fluoroscopy-free ablations. Infants and children with congenital heart disease (CHD) represent the most difficult population to perform catheter ablation without fluoroscopy. We report two neonatal patients with CHD in whom cardiac ablations were performed without fluoroscopy. The first infant had pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum with refractory supraventricular tachycardia, and the second infant presented with Ebstein's anomaly of the tricuspid valve along with persistent supraventricular tachycardia...
October 21, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
Sahan P Semasinghe Bandaralage, Selvanayagam Nirthanan, Selvanayagam Niranjan
Despite proven effectiveness in treating tachyarrhythmias, sotalol is proarrhythmic and can cause torsades de pointes. Given the emergence of studies that show no benefit from rhythm control strategies in managing atrial fibrillation, as well as the introduction of nonpharmacological approaches to treating arrhythmias, we felt it necessary to ascertain if there was any role for sotalol given its side effects. Review of the literature regarding sotalol use in the prevention and treatment of supraventricular and ventricular tachyarrhythmias seems to show that more effective and safer agents and nonpharmacological alternatives are currently available...
October 3, 2016: American Journal of Therapeutics
Karolina Adamczyk, Beata Średniawa, Katarzyna Mitręga, Stanisław Morawski, Agata Musialik-Łydka, Zbigniew Kalarus
Symptoms such as palpitations, fainting, dizziness and unexplained loss of consciousness are often notified by patients in clinical practice. Cardiological causes of these ailments could be various, inter alia, atriaventricular conduction disorders, supraventricular arrythmias or more life-threatening ventricular arrythmias. Diagnostics of these disorders includes a series of basic non-invasive research and more advanced specialistic methods. Presented case report shows problems of arrythmias diagnostics and imperfections of avaible methods...
September 29, 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Juliana Filgueiras Medeiros, Fábio Martins Nardo-Botelho, Lara Cristina Felix-Bernardes, Lucas Hollanda-Oliveira, Lucas Bassolli de Oliveira-Alves, Ênia Lúcia-Coutinho, Cristiano Dietrich, Adriano Caixeta, Jose Marconi Almeida-de-Sousa, Ântonio Carlos-Carvalho, Cláudio Cirenza, Ângelo Amato Vicenzo-de-Paola
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is the most common form of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) whose diagnosis can be strongly suspected based on the surface eletrocardiogram alone. The purpose of this study is to determine the diagnostic accuracy of several electrocardiographic (ECG) criteria for the prediction of AVNRT. METHODS: Between November 2010 and January 2014, a total of 256 patients who underwent electrophysiological testing (EP) with regular, paroxysmal and narrow QRS complex tachycardia were prospectively enrolled...
July 2016: Archives of Medical Research
V Mendes, C Diguisto, J Poinsot, F Perrotin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Priccila Zuchinali, Gabriela C Souza, Maurício Pimentel, Diego Chemello, André Zimerman, Vanessa Giaretta, Joyce Salamoni, Bianca Fracasso, Leandro I Zimerman, Luis E Rohde
Importance: The presumed proarrhythmic action of caffeine is controversial. Few studies have assessed the effect of high doses of caffeine in patients with heart failure due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction at high risk for ventricular arrhythmias. Objective: To compare the effect of high-dose caffeine or placebo on the frequency of supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias, both at rest and during a symptom-limited exercise test. Design, Setting, and Participants: Double-blinded randomized clinical trial with a crossover design conducted at the heart failure and cardiac transplant clinic of a tertiary-care university hospital...
October 17, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
S Gibiino, A Trappoli, B Balzarro, A R Atti, D De Ronchi
A 71-year-old man developed coma with severe respiratory failure, hypotension, and tachycardia induced by the intentional ingestion of quetiapine fumarate extended release (XR) 20 g. At the time, he had been treated for bipolar depression with venlafaxine 75 mg/day, lamotrigine 100 mg/day, pregabalin 75 mg/day, and quetiapine XR 400 mg/day for approximately 1 year. Comorbidities were hypertension treated with metoprolol, diabetes mellitus type 2 treated with metformin, and benign prostatic hyperplasia treated with silodosin...
December 2015: Drug Saf Case Rep
Alessandro Giamberti, Francesca R Pluchinotta, Massimo Chessa, Alessandro Varrica, Raffaele Vitale, Alessandro Frigiola, Carlo Pappone, Marco Ranucci
AIMS: Supraventricular arrhythmias are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in adult patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). Intraoperative ablation offers an alternative for patients who failed ablation procedures or are requiring concomitant surgical intervention. We present our long-term results with the surgical treatment of arrhythmias in adults with CHD (ACHD) undergoing elective cardiac surgery and the clinical predictors for arrhythmia recurrence. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 2002 and 2013, 80 consecutive patients with CHD, mean age of 39 years, underwent intraoperative ablation with monopolar irrigated radiofrequency during cardiac surgery procedures...
October 12, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
George A Carberry, Elisabetta Nocerino, Peter J Mason, Denise J Schwahn, Scott Hetzel, Alyssa M Turnquist, Fred T Lee, Christopher L Brace
Purpose To determine how close to the heart pulmonary microwave ablation can be performed without causing cardiac tissue injury or significant arrhythmia. Materials and Methods The study was performed with approval from the institutional animal care and use committee. Computed tomographic fluoroscopically guided microwave ablation of the lung was performed in 12 swine. Antennas were randomized to either parallel (180° ± 20°) or perpendicular (90° ± 20°) orientation relative to the heart surface and to distances of 0-10 mm from the heart...
October 12, 2016: Radiology
Sharma R S
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
M Braun, C Siauw, J Schirrmeister, J Wirbelauer
We report a male newborn who became symptomatic with supraventricular tachycardia on the first day of life. Neither adenosine nor electric cardioversion could terminate the tachycardia, therefore intravenous esmolol (β-receptor blocker) was initiated. Inspite of subsequent administration of various antiarrhythmic medications in increasingly higher doses, repeated supraventricular tachycardic episodes occurred. The electrocardiogram showed typical findings of a multifocal atrial tachycardia as the underlying cause...
October 10, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
Sutapa Basu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
Ibrahim El-Battrawy, Siegfried Lang, Uzair Ansari, Michael Behnes, Dennis Hillenbrand, Katja Schramm, Christian Fastner, Xiaobo Zhou, Verena Bill, Ursula Hoffmann, Theano Papavassiliu, Elif Elmas, Darius Haghi, Martin Borggrefe, Ibrahim Akin
AIMS: Previous studies revealed that patients with Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) have a higher mortality rate than the general population. Supraventricular tachycardia is a well-known complication of TTC. This study was performed to determine the short- and long-term prognostic impact of atrial fibrillation associated with TTC patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Our institutional database constituted a collective of 114 patients diagnosed with TTC from 2003 to 2015...
October 4, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
L Y Qian, H Zou, X D Che, L H Wang, X X Cen, Q Xu, B M Qu
Objective: To compare the therapeutic efficiency and safety of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) for paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia (PSVT) guided by three-dimensional navigation with X-ray. Methods: One hundred and seventy-six patients with PSVT hospitalized in Department of Cardiology, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital between January 2013 and December 2014 were enrolled in this study. RFCA was performed on 95 patients (Group A) guided by the three dimensional electric-field navigation system (NavX) and the procedures were done with the spatial localization method, unless X-ray was needed in some cases...
September 20, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Patricia E Thomas, Scott L Macicek
BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation has been used to manage supraventricular arrhythmia in children since 1990. This article reviews the history of catheter ablation used to treat arrhythmia in children and discusses new frontiers in the field. We also address ablation in adult patients with a history of congenital heart disease (CHD) that was diagnosed and initially treated in childhood. METHODS: We conducted an evidence-based literature review to gather available data on ablation for supraventricular tachycardia in children and adult patients with CHD...
2016: Ochsner Journal
K I Konovalova, E M Elfimova, E A Butorova, A V Aksenova, P V Galitsin, O S Bulkina, A Yu Litvin, I E Chazova
The paper describes a clinical case of a female patient with severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in the presence of congenital hemangioma of the face, soft palate, and tongue concurrent with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, and sinoatrial block (maximally up to 3.9 sec). Continuous positive airway pressure therapy could reduce the number of paroxysms of atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter, supraventricular tachycardia and eliminate sinoatrial block...
2016: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
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