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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434881/18f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-computed-tomography-for-monitoring-tumor-response-in-esophageal-carcinoma-treated-with-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy
#1
Peiliang Zhang, Zengyun Li, Dongqing Wang, Fuling Ma, Ran Zhang, Wanhua Liang, Mingping Sun, Zheng Fu, Xiaorong Sun
The aim of the present study was to explore the value of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG PET) in monitoring the early tumor response of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT). A total of 48 patients with pathologically proven ESCC were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent two serial 18F-FDG PET scans at baseline (pre-CRT) and 40 Gy/4 weeks of starting radiation therapy (inter-CRT). All patients received intensity-modulated radiotherapy (with a total radiation dose of 59...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357857/the-genotoxicity-of-an-aqueous-extract-of-gyejibokryeong-hwan
#2
Mee-Young Lee, Chang-Seob Seo, Hyekyung Ha, Eunsook Park, Ji-Young Kim, Hyeun-Kyoo Shin
BACKGROUND: Gyejibokryeong-hwan (Guizhi Fuling Wan in China), a mixture of five herbal plants, is a well-known treatment for renal diseases including those associated with climacteric syndrome. However, the genotoxicity of Gyejibokryeong-hwan has not yet been well established. METHODS: The present study investigated that the genotoxicity of an aqueous extract of Gyejibokryeong-hwan (GJBRHE): an in vitro chromosomal aberration test using Chinese hamster lung cells, an in vitro bacterial reverse mutation assay (Ames test) with Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli strains, and an in vivo micronucleus test using ICR mouse bone marrow...
January 22, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351213/cyclin-b3-deficiency-impairs-germline-stem-cell-maintenance-and-its-overexpression-delays-cystoblast-differentiation-in-drosophila-ovary
#3
Dongsheng Chen, Lijuan Zhou, Fuling Sun, Mingzhong Sun, Xiaoqian Tao
It is well known that cyclinB3 (cycB3) plays a key role in the control of cell cycle progression. However, whether cycB3 is involved in stem cell fate determination remains unknown. The Drosophila ovary provides an exclusive model for studying the intrinsic and extrinsic factors that modulate the fate of germline stem cells (GSCs). Here, using this model, we show that DrosophilacycB3 plays a new role in controlling the fate of germline stem cells (GSC). Results from cycB3 genetic analyses demonstrate that cycB3 is intrinsically required for GSC maintenance...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321527/a-hospital-based-retrospective-study-of-factors-influencing-therapeutic-leukapheresis-in-patients-presenting-with-hyperleukocytic-leukaemia
#4
Yanxia Jin, Shishang Guo, Qin Cui, Sichao Chen, Xiaoping Liu, Yongchang Wei, Yunbao Pan, Liang Tang, Tingting Huang, Hui Shen, Guanghui Xu, Xuelan Zuo, Shangqin Liu, Hui Xiao, Fei Chen, Fayun Gong, Fuling Zhou
Therapeutic leukapheresis is a rapid and effective method to reduce early mortality of patients with hyperleukocytic leukaemia (HLL). However, few studies on factors influencing the efficiency have been reported. In this study, 67 cases who underwent leukapheresis were retrospectively analysed and factors related to the collection efficiency of leukapheresis (CEWBC) were also evaluated. Paired t test showed that there was a significant decrease in statistics of white blood cell (WBC) counts after apheresis...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299236/the-effects-of-elevated-co2-0-5-on-chloroplasts-in-the-tetraploid-black-locust-robinia-pseudoacacia-l
#5
Yuan Cao, Mingquan Jiang, Fuling Xu, Shuo Liu, Fanjuan Meng
Some ploidy plants demonstrate environmental stress tolerance. Tetraploid (4×) black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) exhibits less chlorosis in response to high CO 2 than do the corresponding diploid (2×) plants of this species. We investigated the plant growth, anatomy, photosynthetic ability, chlorophyll (chl) fluorescence, and antioxidase activities in 2× and 4× black locusts cultivated under high CO 2 (0.5%). Elevated CO 2 (0.5%) induced a global decrease in the contents of total chl, chl a, and chl b in 2× leaves, while few changes were found in the chl content of 4× leaves...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240175/radiation-induced-birefringence-variations-in-polarization-maintaining-fibers
#6
Yuanhong Yang, Hui Li, Lin Lu, Fuling Yang, Wei Jin
Gamma radiation-induced birefringence (RIB) variations in a solid core photonic crystal polarization-maintaining fiber (Pc-PMF) and a Panda PMF (Pa-PMF) are investigated. Experiments show that the birefringence of the fibers changes approximately linearly with a radiation dose over the range from 0 to 400 krad(Si), with negative slope coefficients of 8.91×10-10/krad(Si) and 4.38×10-9/krad(Si) for the Pc-PMF and Pa-PMF, respectively. Models of RIB variations for the two fibers are established, and the theoretical results agree well with the experimental ones...
December 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236749/transcriptomic-analysis-of-chicken-myozenin-3-regulation-reveals-its-potential-role-in-cell-proliferation
#7
Maosen Ye, Fei Ye, Liutao He, Bin Luo, Fuling Yang, Can Cui, Xiaoling Zhao, Huadong Yin, Diyan Li, Hengyong Xu, Yan Wang, Qing Zhu
Embryonic muscle development and fibre type differentiation has always been a topic of great importance due to its impact on both human health and farm animal financial values. Myozenin3 (Myoz3) is an important candidate gene that may regulate these processes. In the current study, we knocked down and overexpressed Myoz3 in chicken embryonic fibroblasts (CEFs) and chicken myoblasts, then utilized RNA-seq technology to screen genes, pathways and biological processes associated with Myoz3. Multiple differentially expressed genes were identified, including MYH10, MYLK2, NFAM1, MYL4, MYL9, PDZLIM1; those can in turn regulate each other and influence the development of muscle fibres...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226428/predictive-value-of-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-scanning-in-combination-with-clinical-parameters-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-multiple-myeloma
#8
Honglei Tu, Yong He, Tianhe Huang, Songguk Choe, Xiaoli Lan, Xiaoyi Duan, Haseeb Sattar, Chongjiao Li, Fuling Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of 18 F-2'-deoxy 2'-fluorodeoxyglucose (18 F-FDG) PET/CT with clinical parameters in predicting patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM). METHODS: 120 MM patients undergoing 18 F-FDG PET/CT scanning were analyzed in a retrospective cohort study. RESULTS: Based on multivariate analysis, β2M, LDH, number of focal lesions (FLs) and SUVmax were significantly correlated with OS. These 4 variables were used to construct a new staging system (NSS) based on the number of risk factors...
December 11, 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207597/inhibition-of-miro1-disturbs-mitophagy-and-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cell-function-interfering-insulin-release-via-irs-akt-foxo1-in-diabetes
#9
Lingling Chen, Chunyan Liu, Jianfeng Gao, Zhiwen Xie, Lawrence W C Chan, Damien J Keating, Yibin Yang, Jiazhong Sun, Fuling Zhou, Yongchang Wei, Xiuli Men, Sijun Yang
Mitochondrial function is essential to meet metabolic demand of pancreatic beta cells respond to high nutrient stress. Mitophagy is an essential component to normal pancreatic β-cell function and has been associated with β-cell failure in Type 2 diabetes (T2D). Our previous studies have indicated that mitochondrial Rho (Miro) GTPase-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction under high nutrient stress leads to NOD-like receptor 3 (NLRP3)-dependent proinflammatory responses and subsequent insulin resistance. However, the in vivo mechanism by which Miro1 underlies mitophagy has not been identified...
October 31, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201170/a-network-pharmacology-approach-to-investigate-the-pharmacological-effects-of-guizhi-fuling-wan-on-uterine-fibroids
#10
Liuting Zeng, Kailin Yang, Huiping Liu, Guomin Zhang
To investigate the pharmacological mechanism of Guizhi Fuling Wan (GFW) in the treatment of uterine fibroids, a network pharmacology approach was used. Information on GFW compounds was collected from traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) databases, and input into PharmMapper to identify the compound targets. Genes associated with uterine fibroids genes were then obtained from the GeneCards and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man databases. The interaction data of the targets and other human proteins was also collected from the STRING and IntAct databases...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194948/chagosendines-a-c-new-metal-complexes-of-imidazole-alkaloids-from-the-calcareous-sponge-leucetta-chagosensis
#11
Bang An, Fuling Yin, Nicole J de Voogd, Xiaoguang Chen, Wei Cheng, Wenhan Lin
Chemical examination of the bright yellow sponge Leucetta chagosensis resulted in the isolation of three new imidazole-based alkaloid complexes namely chagosendines A-C (1-3), together with known analogues pyronaamidine, naamidine J, and naamine C. Their structures were determined on the basis of extensive spectroscopic (IR, MS, NMR and single-crystal X-ray diffraction) analysis in association with the chemical conversion. The isolated alkaloids together with three synthesized new homodimer complexes were evaluated for the antitumor activities...
November 30, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192448/-simultaneous-determination-of-six-triterpenoid-acids-from-guizhi-fuling-capsules-by-uplc-ms-ms
#12
Ying Ma, Jia-Chun Li, Wen-Zhe Huang, Zhen-Zhong Wang, Wei Xiao, Ya-Ling Song, Yong-Wen Zhang
To establish a UPLC-MS/MS method for simultaneous determination of six triterpenoid constituents (pachymic acid, dehydropachymic acid, dehydrotumulosic acid, polyporenic acid C, dehydroeburicoic acid and dehydrotra metenolic acid) in Guizhi Fuling capsules (GFC). Chromatographic analysis was conducted on Agilent Porosheell 120 SB-C₁₈ column (4.6 mm×150 mm, 2.7 μm), with 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution-methanol as the mobile phase for gradient elution at a flow rate of 0.4 mL•min-1. The column temperature was 30 ℃ and the sample size was 5 μL...
September 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110400/spaghetti-a-homolog-of-human-rpap3-rna-polymerase-ii-associated-protein-3-determines-the-fate-of-germline-stem-cells-in-drosophila-ovary
#13
Dongsheng Chen, Xiaoqian Tao, Lijuan Zhou, Fuling Sun, Mingzhong Sun, Xin Fang
The Drosophila ovary provides an attractive model for studying the extrinsic or intrinsic factors that regulate the fate of germline stem cells (GSCs). Using this model, we identified a new role for Drosophila spaghetti (spag), encoding a homolog of human RNA polymerase II-associated protein 3 (RPAP3), in regulating the fate of ovarian GSCs. Results from spag knockdown and genetic mosaic studies suggest that spag functions as an intrinsic factor for GSCs maintenance. Loss of Spag by, either spag RNAi or null mutation failed to trigger apoptosis in ovarian GSCs...
November 7, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107780/cd-isotope-fractionation-during-sulfide-mineral-weathering-in-the-fule-zn-pb-cd-deposit-yunnan-province-southwest-china
#14
Chuanwei Zhu, Hanjie Wen, Yuxu Zhang, Runsheng Yin, Christophe Cloquet
Zinc (Zn)-Lead (Pb) deposits are generally rich in cadmium (Cd), and the weathering of sulfide minerals in such deposits results in large releases of Cd into the environment. From an environmental and public health standpoint, understanding Cd sources and cycling is critical to identifying potential hazards to humans. In this study, the Cd isotope compositions (expressed as δ(114/110)Cd) of secondary minerals such as anglesite (-0.57±0.03‰; 2S.D.), granular smithsonite (0.04±0.14‰; 2S.D.), layered smithsonite (0...
November 3, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071853/-guizhi-fuling-capsule-pill-treatment-for-chronic-pelvic-inflammatory-disease%C3%AF-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#15
Li-Shuang Zhang, Feng-Wen Yang, Jun-Hua Zhang, Wen-Ke Zheng, Ming-Yan Zhang, Yue Li, Hong-Jie Zhao
This systematic review aims to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Guizhi Fuling Capsule/Pill on the treatment of chronic pelvic inflammatory disease. We searched CNKI datebases,WanFang,SinoMed,PubMed,Embase,The Cochrane Library from the inception to February 2017,to collect randomized controlled trials(RCTs)of Guizhi Fuling Capsule/Pill in treating chronic pelvic inflammation disease.Two reviewers independently screened literature,extracted date and assessed the risk of bias of included studies...
April 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975875/education-in-twins-and-their-parents-across-birth-cohorts-over-100-years-an-individual-level-pooled-analysis-of-42-twin-cohorts
#16
Karri Silventoinen, Aline Jelenkovic, Antti Latvala, Reijo Sund, Yoshie Yokoyama, Vilhelmina Ullemar, Catarina Almqvist, Catherine A Derom, Robert F Vlietinck, Ruth J F Loos, Christian Kandler, Chika Honda, Fujio Inui, Yoshinori Iwatani, Mikio Watanabe, Esther Rebato, Maria A Stazi, Corrado Fagnani, Sonia Brescianini, Yoon-Mi Hur, Hoe-Uk Jeong, Tessa L Cutler, John L Hopper, Andreas Busjahn, Kimberly J Saudino, Fuling Ji, Feng Ning, Zengchang Pang, Richard J Rose, Markku Koskenvuo, Kauko Heikkilä, Wendy Cozen, Amie E Hwang, Thomas M Mack, Sisira H Siribaddana, Matthew Hotopf, Athula Sumathipala, Fruhling Rijsdijk, Joohon Sung, Jina Kim, Jooyeon Lee, Sooji Lee, Tracy L Nelson, Keith E Whitfield, Qihua Tan, Dongfeng Zhang, Clare H Llewellyn, Abigail Fisher, S Alexandra Burt, Kelly L Klump, Ariel Knafo-Noam, David Mankuta, Lior Abramson, Sarah E Medland, Nicholas G Martin, Grant W Montgomery, Patrik K E Magnusson, Nancy L Pedersen, Anna K Dahl Aslan, Robin P Corley, Brooke M Huibregtse, Sevgi Y Öncel, Fazil Aliev, Robert F Krueger, Matt McGue, Shandell Pahlen, Gonneke Willemsen, Meike Bartels, Catharina E M van Beijsterveldt, Judy L Silberg, Lindon J Eaves, Hermine H Maes, Jennifer R Harris, Ingunn Brandt, Thomas S Nilsen, Finn Rasmussen, Per Tynelius, Laura A Baker, Catherine Tuvblad, Juan R Ordoñana, Juan F Sánchez-Romera, Lucia Colodro-Conde, Margaret Gatz, David A Butler, Paul Lichtenstein, Jack H Goldberg, K Paige Harden, Elliot M Tucker-Drob, Glen E Duncan, Dedra Buchwald, Adam D Tarnoki, David L Tarnoki, Carol E Franz, William S Kremen, Michael J Lyons, José A Maia, Duarte L Freitas, Eric Turkheimer, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Dorret I Boomsma, Jaakko Kaprio
Whether monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twins differ from each other in a variety of phenotypes is important for genetic twin modeling and for inferences made from twin studies in general. We analyzed whether there were differences in individual, maternal and paternal education between MZ and DZ twins in a large pooled dataset. Information was gathered on individual education for 218,362 adult twins from 27 twin cohorts (53% females; 39% MZ twins), and on maternal and paternal education for 147,315 and 143,056 twins respectively, from 28 twin cohorts (52% females; 38% MZ twins)...
October 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959829/-research-progress-on-pharmacological-action-and-clinical-application-of-stephania-tetrandrae-radix
#17
REVIEW
Rong Wang, Teng-Mao Ma, Fei Liu, Hui-Qin Gao
Stephania Tetrandrae Radix is one of the common traditional Chinese medicines, which has bitter and pungent taste as well as cold properties. It can subside edema, get rid of rheumatism and relieve pain. Therefore, it is mainly used for the treatment of rheumatism arthralgia, edema, dysuria, athlete's foot, swollen wet sores and other diseases in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). Stephania Tetrandrae Radix is mainly composed of dual-benzyl isoquinoline alkaloids, including tetrandrine, fangchinoline and so on...
February 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945046/-analysis-of-on-medication-rules-for-qi-deficiency-and-blood-stasis-syndrome-of-chronic-heart-failure-based-on-data-mining-technology
#18
Qian Wang, Geng-Zhen Yao, Guang-Ming Pan, Jing-Yi Huang, Yi-Pei An, Xu Zou
To analyze the medication features and the regularity of prescriptions of traditional Chinese medicine in treating patients with Qi-deficiency and blood-stasis syndrome of chronic heart failure based on modern literature. In this article, CNKI Chinese academic journal database, Wanfang Chinese academic journal database and VIP Chinese periodical database were all searched from January 2000 to December 2015 for the relevant literature on traditional Chinese medicine treatment for Qi-deficiency and blood-stasis syndrome of chronic heart failure...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944907/placenta%C3%A2-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-improve-airway-hyperresponsiveness-and-inflammation-in-asthmatic-rats-by-modulating-the-th17-treg-balance
#19
Yingying Li, Hongbo Li, Yinyin Cao, Fuling Wu, Wenbin Ma, Yuesi Wang, Shuzhen Sun
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) possess reparative and immunoregulatory properties, representing a hope for stem cell‑based treatments. However, the mechanisms by which transplanted MSCs affect T helper (Th)17/regulatory T cell (Treg) balance in asthma patients remain unclear. The aim of the present study was to assess the therapeutic effects of human placenta MSCs (hPMSCs) in asthma, and explore the underlying mechanisms; in addition, the impact of hPMSCs transplantation on Th17/Treg balance in lymph and serum samples from asthmatic animals was evaluated...
December 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939281/corrigendum-to-systematic-screening-and-characterization-of-multiple-constituents-in-guizhi-fuling-capsule-and-metabolic-profiling-of-bioactive-components-in-rats-using-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#20
Yu Zhang, Yezhe Cheng, Zhongbo Liu, Liqin Ding, Tianyi Qiu, Liwei Chai, Feng Qiu, Zhenzhong Wang, Wei Xiao, Longshan Zhao, Xiaohui Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
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