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Activin A AND Arx

Danielle Andrzejewski, Melissa L Brown, Nathan Ungerleider, Amy Burnside, Alan L Schneyer
TGFβ superfamily ligands, receptors, and second messengers, including activins A and B, have been identified in pancreatic islets and proposed to have important roles regulating development, proliferation, and function. We previously demonstrated that Fstl3 (an antagonist of activin activity) null mice have larger islets with β-cell hyperplasia and improved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in the absence of altered β-cell proliferation. This suggested the hypothesis that increased activin signaling influences β-cell expansion by destabilizing the α-cell phenotype and promoting transdifferentiation to β-cells...
July 2015: Endocrinology
Aline Mamin, Jacques Philippe
Activin A is a potent growth and differentiation factor involved in development, differentiation, and physiological functions of the endocrine pancreas; it increases insulin and pax4 gene expression in beta-cells and can induce transdifferentiation of the exocrine acinar cell line AR42J into insulin-producing cells. We show here that Activin A decreases glucagon gene expression in the alpha-cell lines InR1G9 and alphaTC1 in a dose- and time-dependent manner and that the effect is blocked by Follistatin. This effect is also observed in adult human islets...
January 2007: Molecular Endocrinology
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