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Nutrition/nutrients

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790089/red-drum-sciaenops-ocellatus-growth-and-expression-of-bile-salt-dependent-lipase-in-response-to-increasing-dietary-lipid-supplementation
#1
Mayra L González-Félix, Delbert M Gatlin, Martin Perez-Velazquez, Ken Webb, Armando García-Ortega, Michael Hume
Sciaenops ocellatus has a long history in aquaculture and many difficulties associated with its commercial culture have been addressed and successfully resolved; nevertheless, further research in lipid nutrition could address more comprehensive questions on the way these nutrients are utilized. The purpose of this study was to evaluate S. ocellatus growth and lipase gene expression in response to increasing dietary lipid supplementation. Four experimental diets were formulated to provide 3, 10, 16, or 23% lipid using menhaden fish oil...
May 22, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789323/the-emerging-connections-between-igf1-the-intestinal-microbiome-lactobacillus-strains-and-bone-growth
#2
REVIEW
Pierre Poinsot, Martin Schwarzer, Noël Peretti, François Leulier
In most animal species, postnatal growth is controlled by conserved insulin/insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signaling. In mammals, juvenile growth is characterized by a longitudinal bone growth resulting from the ossification of the growth plate. This ossification is under IGF1 influence through endocrine and paracrine mechanisms. Moreover, the nutritional status has been largely described as an important factor influencing the insulin/insulin-like growth factor signaling. It is now well established that the gut microbiota modulates the nutrient availability of its host...
July 2018: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789280/factors-affecting-bone-mineral-density-among-snowy-region-residents-in-japan-analysis-using-multiple-linear-regression-and-bayesian-network-model
#3
Teppei Suzuki, Tomoko Shimoda, Noriko Takahashi, Kaori Tsutsumi, Mina Samukawa, Sadako Yoshimura, Katsuhiko Ogasawara
BACKGROUND: As the onset of osteoporosis leads to reduced activities of daily living and may result in patients being bedridden, efforts to prevent decreased bone density are necessary. Various studies on the relationship between sex, age, nutrients, and exercise habits and bone mineral density have been conducted to date. However, for snowy region residents, the magnitude of influence of various factors affecting bone mineral density and the influence level have not been clarified. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to clarify the degree of influence and factors influencing bone mineral density based on survey results on health conditions and lifestyle habits in heavy snow areas...
May 22, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789039/prospective-association-between-adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-and-incident-depressive-symptoms-in-the-french-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-cohort
#4
Moufidath Adjibade, Cédric Lemogne, Chantal Julia, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Karen E Assmann, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
A posteriori healthier dietary patterns and several nutrients have been associated with lower risks of depression in various studies; however, evidence is lacking with regard to the prospective association between adherence to nutritional recommendations (food-based and nutrient-based recommendations) and incident depression or depressive symptoms. In this study, we investigate such associations in the NutriNet Santé cohort. The study sample included 26 225 participants (aged 18-86 years) who were initially free of depressive symptoms...
May 23, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789037/a-comparison-of-statistical-and-machine-learning-techniques-in-evaluating-the-association-between-dietary-patterns-and-10-year-cardiometabolic-risk-2002-2012-the-attica-study
#5
Dimitris Panaretos, Efi Koloverou, Alexandros C Dimopoulos, Georgia-Maria Kouli, Malvina Vamvakari, George Tzavelas, Christos Pitsavos, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
Statistical methods are usually applied in examining diet-disease associations, whereas factor analysis is commonly used for dietary pattern recognition. Recently, machine learning (ML) has been also proposed as an alternative technique in health classification. In this work, the predictive accuracy of statistical v. ML methodologies as regards the association of dietary patterns on CVD risk was tested. During 2001-2002, 3042 men and women (45 (sd 14) years) were enrolled in the ATTICA study. In 2011-2012, the 10-year CVD follow-up was performed among 2020 participants...
May 23, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788199/influences-of-trace-mineral-nutrition-and-maternal-flock-age-on-broiler-embryo-bone-development
#6
C A Torres, D R Korver
At hatch, the chick skeleton is a miniature of that of the adult bird. The hen deposits calcium, phosphorus, and trace minerals (copper, zinc, and manganese) along with vitamin D into the egg to allow development of the embryonic skeleton. The main source of calcium is the eggshell, whereas phosphorus, trace minerals, and vitamin D are mainly derived from the yolk. Calcium is absorbed from the eggshell and transferred to the embryo and yolk through the chorioallantoic membrane, whereas phosphorus and trace minerals are simultaneously mobilized by the yolk sac membrane...
May 21, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788170/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-evidence-for-oral-nutritional-intervention-on-nutritional-and-clinical-outcomes-during-chemo-radio-therapy-current-evidence-and-guidance-for-design-of-future-trials
#7
M A E de van der Schueren, A Laviano, H Blanchard, M Jourdan, J Arends, V E Baracos
Background: Driven by reduced nutritional intakes and metabolic alterations, malnutrition in cancer patients adversely affects quality of life, treatment tolerance and survival. We examined evidence for oral nutritional interventions during chemo(radio)therapy. Design: We carried out a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCT) with either dietary counseling (DC), high-energy oral nutritional supplements (ONS) aiming at improving intakes or ONS enriched with protein and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) additionally aiming for modulation of cancer-related metabolic alterations...
May 1, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788095/effects-of-maturity-at-harvest-on-the-nutritive-value-and-ruminal-digestion-of-eragrostis-tef-cv-moxie-when-fed-to-beef-cattle
#8
J R Vinyard, J B Hall, J E Sprinkle, G E Chibisa
Teff (Eragrostis tef cv. Moxie), a warm-season annual grass, could be an excellent forage for beef cattle. However, there is limited information on its nutritive value to cattle when harvested at different stages of maturity. Thus, the objective of this research was to determine the effect of feeding teff hay harvested at the boot (BT), early-heading (EH), or late-heading (LH) stages of maturity on nutrient intake, ruminal fermentation characteristics, omasal nutrient flow, and N utilization in beef cattle...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786968/p62-mediated-autophagy-affects-nutrition-dependent-insulin-receptor-substrate-1-dynamics-in-3t3-l1-preadipocytes
#9
Hirobumi Igawa, Akihiro Kikuchi, Hirofumi Misu, Kiyo-Aki Ishii, Shuichi Kaneko, Toshinari Takamura
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have shown that the organism's nutritional status changes the protein levels of insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1) in a tissue-specific manner. Although the mechanisms underlying the regulation of IRS-1 in the nutrient-rich conditions associated with diabetes and insulin resistance have been well studied, those under nutrient-poor conditions remain unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate how IRS-1 protein levels change depending on the nutritional status of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786945/a-comparative-study-of-dietary-habits-and-nutritional-intakes-among-korean-adults-according-to-current-depression-status
#10
Yuri Seo, Youjin Je
INTRODUCTION: Data regarding the association between depression and dietary factors in Korean adults are limited. We hypothesized that Korean men and women with depression would have poorer nutritional intakes and different dietary habits than those without depression. METHODS: This study was based on data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted during 2012 to 2014. Overall, 10 591 subjects (4308 men, 6529 women) aged 19 to 64 years were selected and categorized according to current depression status...
May 21, 2018: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786843/effect-of-canning-and-freezing-on-the-nutritional-content-of-apricots
#11
Erin Claire Adkison, William B Biasi, Veronique Bikoba, Dirk M Holstege, Elizabeth J Mitcham
The effect of commercial canning and freezing on the nutritional content of fresh apricots was investigated. Processed samples were analyzed post-processing and after 3 months of storage and compared directly to fresh apricots from the same source. Vitamin C, beta-carotene, total phenols, and antioxidants were quantified. Compared to fresh, canned apricots initially exhibited similar levels of antioxidants, a 17% increase in beta-carotene, and a 48% increase in phenols, while vitamin C was reduced by 37%. After 3 months of storage, antioxidant levels were 47% higher than fresh...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786840/spray-drying-of-milk-blackberry-pulp-mixture-effect-of-carrier-agent-on-the-physical-properties-of-powder-water-sorption-and-glass-transition-temperature
#12
Matheus Boeira Braga, Sandra Cristina Dos Santos Rocha, Miriam Dupas Hubinger
Spray dryer was used to produce particles from a milk-blackberry pulp mixture (25%:75% (w/w)). Maltodextrin 10DE and 20DE and gum Arabic were used as adjuvants in order to improve powder quality. The particles were analyzed with emphasis on physical and physicochemical characteristics: moisture content, bulk density, particle size, morphology, water activity, anthocyanins retention, anthocyanins content, hygroscopicity, solubility, water sorption, and glass transition temperature. The best results were obtained for the paste composition of 25% concentrated milk-70% blackberry pulp-5% gum Arabic, yielding high anthocyanins retention (>87...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786832/the-primary-active-components-antioxidant-properties-and-differential-metabolite-profiles-of-radish-sprouts-raphanus-sativus-l-upon-domestic-storage-analysis-of-nutritional-quality
#13
Ru Li, Yi Zhu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to analyze the nutritional quality of radish sprouts (Raphanus sativus L.) upon domestic short-term storage. We stored fresh radish sprouts at 25±1°C and at 4±1°C for 12 h, detected phenolic substances, glucosinolates, isothiocyanates, vitamin C, and various antioxidant and abiotic stress-related factors. We investigated nutrient-related metabolic differences and associated pathways and postharvest treatment effects on nutritional quality via metabolomics analysis...
May 21, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785565/supplementation-strategies-for-nellore-female-calves-in-creep-feeding-to-improve-the-performance-nutritional-and-metabolic-responses
#14
Daniel Mageste de Almeida, Marcos Inácio Marcondes, Luciana Navajas Rennó, Leandro Soares Martins, David Esteban Contreras Marquez, Faider Castaño Villadiego, Felipe Velez Saldarriaga, Román Maza Ortega, Deilen Paff Sotelo Moreno, Sidnei Antônio Lopes, Manuela Acevedo Cardozo, Mário Fonseca Paulino
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of supplementation strategy on performance, nutritional and metabolic characteristics of Nellore suckling female calves, on grazing Urochloa decumbens during the rainy-dry transition period. Forty-four Nellore female calves, averaging 147.6 ± 1.34 kg (4 months), were used. A single supplement 20% of crude protein of dry matter was provided, consisting of daily supplement at 0.0, 0.2, 0.4, or 0.6% of body weight. A positive linear effect (P < 0...
May 21, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785087/transcriptomic-impacts-of-rumen-epithelium-induced-by-butyrate-infusion-in-dairy-cattle-in-dry-period
#15
Ransom L Baldwin, Robert W Li, Yankai Jia, Cong-Jun Li
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of butyrate infusion on rumen epithelial transcriptome. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) and bioinformatics are used to accelerate our understanding of regulation in rumen epithelial transcriptome of cattle in the dry period induced by butyrate infusion at the level of the whole transcriptome. Butyrate, as an essential element of nutrients, is a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor that can alter histone acetylation and methylation, and plays a prominent role in regulating genomic activities influencing rumen nutrition utilization and function...
2018: Gene Regulation and Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785043/effect-of-plant-density-boron-nutrition-and-growth-regulation-on-seed-mass-emergence-and-offspring-growth-plasticity-in-cotton
#16
Ali Zohaib, Tahira Tabassum, Abdul Jabbar, Shakeel Ahmad Anjum, Tasawer Abbas, Azhar Mehmood, Sohail Irshad, Muhammad Kashif, Mohsin Nawaz, Naila Farooq, Irfan Rasool Nasir, Tassadduq Rasool, Mubashar Nadeem, Riaz Ahmad
Seed nutrients reserves have direct relationship with seed functional traits and influence offspring performance. Effects of plant density, foliage boron (B) nutrition and mepiquat chloride (MC) growth regulation on seed nutrients reserves, seed mass and production, and emergence and offspring growth traits of cotton were studied in two years field experiment. Seed nutrients reserves and seed mass were decreased at higher maternal plant density relative to lower plant density with concomitant decrease in emergence and offspring seedling growth...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784791/steroid-signaling-mediates-nutritional-regulation-of-juvenile-body-growth-via-igf-binding-protein-in-drosophila
#17
Gang Jun Lee, Gangsik Han, Hyun Myoung Yun, Jin Ju Lim, Sujin Noh, Jaegeun Lee, Seogang Hyun
Nutritional condition during the juvenile growth period considerably affects final adult size. The insulin/insulin-like growth factor signaling (IIS)/target of rapamycin (TOR) nutrient-sensing pathway is known to regulate growth and metabolism in response to nutritional conditions. However, there is limited information on how endocrine pathways communicate nutritional information to different metabolic organs to regulate organismal growth. Here, we show that Imaginal morphogenesis protein-Late 2 (Imp-L2), a Drosophila homolog of insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 7 (IGFBP7), plays a key role in the nutritional control of organismal growth...
May 21, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784067/yeast-derivatives-and-wheat-germ-in-the-adult-diet-modulates-fecundity-in-a-tephritid-pest
#18
L Goane, P M Pereyra, F Castro, M J Ruiz, M L Juárez, D F Segura, M T Vera
Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann), a pest of great economic importance in South America, needs urgently to be controlled by environmentally friendly methods such as the sterile insect technique for which mass rearing of insects is required. Because oogenesis takes place during the adult stage, mass-rearing facilities should provide the females a diet that maximizes egg production at the lowest cost. Accordingly, we investigated the effect of artificial protein sources in the adult diet (yeast derivatives of different cost but with similar amino acids profiles, and the addition of wheat germ) on fecundity...
May 22, 2018: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784032/metabolic-recoding-of-epigenetics-in-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Yi-Ping Wang, Qun-Ying Lei
Dysregulation of metabolism allows tumor cells to generate needed building blocks as well as to modulate epigenetic marks to support cancer initiation and progression. Cancer-induced metabolic changes alter the epigenetic landscape, especially modifications on histones and DNA, thereby promoting malignant transformation, adaptation to inadequate nutrition, and metastasis. Recent advances in cancer metabolism shed light on how aberrations in metabolites and metabolic enzymes modify epigenetic programs. The metabolism-induced recoding of epigenetics in cancer depends strongly on nutrient availability for tumor cells...
May 21, 2018: Cancer communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781483/dose-dependent-effects-of-fish-oil-on-cardio-metabolic-biomarkers-in-healthy-middle-aged-and-elderly-chinese-people-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Jia Song, Manjiang Hu, Cheng Li, Bo Yang, Qing Ding, Chunhong Wang, Limei Mao
n-3PUFA consumption has been widely accepted as a nutritional strategy for the secondary prevention of cardiovascular events in patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but little is known about the dose-response relationship between dietary n-3PUFA and serum biomarkers associated with cardiovascular health in the general population. The present study involved a 12-week double-blind, randomized controlled trial to explore the effects of fish oil with different doses (0.31, 0.62 and 1.24 g d-1 of EPA and DHA) on serum fatty acids and cardio-metabolic biomarkers including adiponectin, inflammatory markers, lipid profiles and fasting glucose in healthy middle-aged and elderly Chinese people...
May 21, 2018: Food & Function
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