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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523244/an-evaluation-of-the-gingival-biotype-and-the-width-of-keratinized-gingiva-in-the-mandibular-anterior-region-of-individuals-with-different-dental-malocclusion-groups-and-levels-of-crowding
#1
Yeşim Kaya, Özer Alkan, Sıddık Keskin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship of gingival thickness (GT) and the width of keratinized gingiva (WKG) with different malocclusion groups and the level of crowding. METHODS: A total of 187 periodontally healthy subjects (121 females and 66 males) who presented at the Faculty of Dentistry in Yüzüncü Yıl University for orthodontic treatment were enrolled in the study. The individuals involved in the study were divided into three groups; Angle Class I malocclusion, Angle Class II malocclusion, and Angle Class III malocclusion...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511093/hypoxia-based-strategies-for-regenerative-dentistry-views-from-the-different-dental-fields
#2
REVIEW
Anna Sonja Müller, Klara Janjić, Bledar Lilaj, Michael Edelmayer, Hermann Agis
The understanding of the cell biological processes underlying development and regeneration of oral tissues leads to novel regenerative approaches. Over the past years, knowledge on key roles of the hypoxia-based response has become more profound. Based on these findings, novel regenerative approaches for dentistry are emerging, which target cellular oxygen sensors. These approaches include hypoxia pre-conditioning and pharmacologically simulated hypoxia. The increase in studies on hypoxia and hypoxia-based strategies in regenerative dentistry highlights the growing attention to hypoxia's role in regeneration and its underlying biology, as well as its application in a therapeutic setting...
April 26, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496240/beyond-onj-a-review-of-the-potential-uses-of-bisphosphonates-in-dentistry
#3
N P Shah, S Nayee, M Pazianas, C Sproat
There is evidence, although limited, for beneficial effects of bisphophonates (BPs) across multiple dental specialties. Within implant dentistry BP coatings have been shown to significantly increase pull out forces and bone density in animal models, and significantly increase implant stability whilst reducing marginal bone loss in humans. Adjunctive topical and systemic application of BPs during conventional periodontal treatment have shown significant improvements in probing depth and clinical attachment level in various forms of periodontal disease...
May 12, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479715/benign-reactive-lymphadenopathy-associated-with-submandibular-gland-enlargement-during-orthodontic-treatment
#4
Rohan Pulgaonkar, Prasad Chitra, Zama Moosvi
Lymphadenopathy may be caused due to various reasons, most common being infections, neoplasms and immunologic disorders. Considering the frequent use of biomaterials in dentistry, it is not uncommon to find allergic reactions in the oral mucosa. Delayed-type hypersensitivity is one mechanism of allergy, which may manifest as either contact stomatitis or rarely present as only lymphadenopathy. An unusual case of unilateral submandibular gland swelling with associated lymphadenopathy during orthodontic treatment is reported...
January 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469925/periodontal-profile-and-radiographic-characterization-of-the-jaws-in-a-patient-with-autosomal-dominant-osteopetrosis
#5
Davi da Silva Barbirato, Mariana Fampa Fogacci, Mariana Arruda, Monique Oliveira Rodrigues, Leonardo Vieira Neto
Osteopetrosis (OP) comprehends a rare group of conditions, presenting on radiographs increased bone density, deriving from irregularities in osteoclast differentiation or function. In the autosomal dominant osteopetrosis (ADO), some patients stay asymptomatic for some time, or only develop mild symptoms. The dental surgeon is often the first to presuppose the disease during routine imaging examinations, referring the patient to a specialized medical group. Furthermore, osteomyelitis is one of the major OP complications, and should be refrained through frequent dental monitoring...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461635/types-of-feedback-in-competency-based-predoctoral-orthodontics-effects-on-students-attitudes-and-confidence
#6
Mitchell J Lipp, Kiyoung Cho, Han Suk Kim
Feedback can exert a powerful influence on learning and achievement although its effect varies. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of three types of feedback on dental students' attitudes and confidence in a competency-based course in predoctoral orthodontics at New York University College of Dentistry. In 2013-14, all 253 third-year students in a course using test-enhanced instructional methods received written feedback on formative assessments. The type of feedback varied across three groups: pass/fail grades (PF) N=77, emoticons (EM) N=90, or written comments (WC) N=86...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459243/nanotechnology-in-dentistry-clinical-applications-benefits-and-hazards
#7
Govind Shashirekha, Amit Jena, Satyajit Mohapatra
Nanotechnology is emerging as an interdisciplinary field that is undergoing rapid development and has brought about enormous changes in medicine and dentistry. Nanomaterial-based design is able to mimic some of the mechanical and structural properties of native tissue and can promote biointegration. Nanotechnology has various applications in dentistry, including dentition renaturalization, therapy for dentin hypersensitivity, complete orthodontic realignment in a single visit, covalently bonding diamondized enamel, enhancing properties of root canal sealers, and continuous oral health maintenance using mechanical dentifrobots...
May 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434682/a-proposed-linear-skeletal-distance-to-predict-occlusal-vertical-dimension-a-cephalometric-study
#8
Mohammed Nasser Alhajj, Ammar A Daer
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Establishing a correct occlusal vertical dimension is considered one of the most important aspects of facial esthetics for patients in need of oral rehabilitation. PURPOSE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the use of a proposed linear skeletal distance to predict the appropriate occlusal vertical dimension. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 93 digital cephalometric radiographs were collected in Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) format (51 men, 42 women) from the archive of the orthodontics department at the Faculty of Dentistry, Sana'a University, Yemen...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429488/interdisciplinary-periodontics-the-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-planning-and-treatment-of-complex-cases
#9
REVIEW
Karl M Lyons, Ivan Darby
Periodontics cannot be practiced in isolation as frequently many patients have multiple dental needs or medical health issues requiring management. In addition, pathology may manifest in the periodontal tissues, and the onset and progression of periodontitis can be affected by systemic conditions, such as diabetes, and vice versa. The focus of this volume of Periodontology 2000 is interdisciplinary periodontics, and the articles included discuss the interactions and the interrelationshipbetween periodontal tissues/periodontal diseases and endodontics, fixed prosthodontics, implant dentistry, esthetics, gerodontology, radiology, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery, oral pathology, special needs dentistry and general medicine...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409036/pre-and-postsurgical-orthodontics-in-patients-with-moebius-syndrome
#10
Marisabel Magnifico, Diana Cassi, Ilda Kasa, Marco Di Blasio, Alberto Di Blasio, Mauro Gandolfini
The authors report a combined orthodontic-surgical correction of an adult patient's malocclusion affected by Moebius Syndrome (MS). The treatment was conducted at the Dentistry Unit and the Maxillofacial Surgery Unit of the University Hospital of Parma. Treatment of malocclusion was performed after the correction of facial mimic mobility with smile surgery. The postoperative stability and orthodontic results were good and the correction of the morphological problems related to the syndrome was very satisfactory...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338031/preoperative-analgesia-for-children-and-adolescents-to-reduce-pain-associated-with-dental-treatment
#11
Catherine McCann
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health Group's Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline, Embase, LILACS, ISI Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov and the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform.Study selectionRandomised controlled clinical trials of analgesics given before dental treatment versus placebo or no analgesics in children and adolescents up to 17 years of age. Children and adolescents having dental treatment under sedation (including nitrous oxide/oxygen) or general anaesthesia were excluded...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318153/-dental-alveolar-bone-and-dental-arch-remodeling-in-children-orthodontic-diagnosis-and-treatments-based-on-individual-child-arch-development
#12
Li Xiaobing
The etiology of malocclusions basically involves both congenital and environmental factors. Malocclusion is the result of the abnormal development of the orofacial complex (including tooth, dental alveolar bone, upper and lower jaws). Early orthodontic interceptive treatments involve the elimination of all congenital and environmental factors that contribute to the malformation of the orofacial complex, as well as interrupt the deviated development of the orofacial complex and the occlusion. Early orthodontic interceptive treatments mainly aim to use children's growth potential to correct abnormal developments of occlusions and orthodontically treat malocclusions more efficiently...
December 1, 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270705/dental-specialty-career-preferences-and-their-influencing-factors-among-final-year-dental-students-in-saudi-arabia
#13
Hassan Suliman Halawany, Abdullah Salman Binassfour, Waleed Khalid AlHassan, Rami Ayed Alhejaily, Nassr Al Maflehi, Vimal Jacob, Nimmi Biju Abraham
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate evolving trends in dental post graduate specialty preferences and career aspirations among final year dental students in Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional survey using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted among final year dental students from seventeen universities in Saudi Arabia. The questionnaire enquired about socio-demographic details and the ranking of three of their best preferences among the list of specialties/general dentistry and career options...
January 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257608/research-and-primary-evaluation-of-an-automatic-fusion-method-for-multisource-tooth-crown-data
#14
Ning Dai, Dawei Li, Xu Yang, Cheng Cheng, Yuchun Sun
With the development of 3-dimensional (3D) scanning technologies in dentistry, high accuracy optical scanning data from the crown and cone beam computed tomography data from the root can be acquired easily. In many dental fields, especially in digital orthodontics, it is useful to fuse the data from the crown and the root. However, the manual fusion method is complex and difficult. A novel automatic fusion method for 2-source data from the crown and the root was researched, and its accuracy was evaluated in this study...
March 3, 2017: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257258/fifteen-year-clinical-follow-up-of-restoration-of-extensive-cervical-resorption-in-a-maxillary-central-incisor
#15
E G Reston, Rpr Bueno, L Q Closs, J Zettermann
Internal bleaching in endodontically treated teeth requires care and protection to prevent harm to the periodontal ligament due to peroxide and may result in external root resorption. There is a myriad of treatment options when this occurs, such as monitoring, extraction, and subsequent rehabilitation with implants or fixed prosthodontics. In some cases, such as the one described here, a conservative attempt to maintain the tooth as a single structure can be made by sealing the resorptive defect. In the present case, we show a multidisciplinary approach where orthodontics, periodontics, and restorative dentistry were involved in treating the maxillary right central incisor (#8) of a 65-year-old patient with extensive cervical resorption, whose chief complaint was esthetics...
March 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257225/dental-space-deficiency-syndrome-an-anthropological-perspective
#16
Colin S Richman
A new syndrome in dentistry, the dental space deficiency syndrome is proposed in this article. Signs and symptoms of this entity may include one or more of the following clinical dental features: tooth crowding, gingival recession, tooth impactions, rapid resorption of facial alveolar bony plates following premature tooth loss, dentally oriented sleep disorders, extended orthodontic treatment time, and malocclusion relapse following orthodontic therapy. These oral conditions, individually or collectively, seem to be associated with both genetic and functional factors...
March 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256467/antibacterial-nanosilver-coated-orthodontic-bands-with-potential-implications-in-dentistry
#17
Rahul Damodaran Prabha, Rajasigamani Kandasamy, U Sajeev Sivaraman, Maya A Nandkumar, Prabha D Nair
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Fixed orthodontic treatment, an indispensable procedure in orthodontics, necessitates insertion of dental bands. Insertion of band material could also introduce a site of plaque retention. It was hypothesized that band materials with slow-release antimicrobial properties could help in sustained infection control, prevention of dental plaque formation and further associated health risks. Considering the known antimicrobial proprieties of silver, a coating of silver nanoparticle (SNP) onto the stainless steel bands was done and characterized for its beneficial properties in the prevention of plaque accumulation...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250033/cross-sectional-analysis-of-national-dental-residency-match-data
#18
Sivaraman Prakasam, Patrick Brady, Veeratrishul Allareddy, Sankeerth Rampa, Kyungsup Shin, Romesh Nalliah, Veerasathpurush Allareddy
The Dental Residency Match (DRM) program provides an ethical and unbiased selection process for applicants to postdoctoral dental programs, based on mutual interests of applicants and programs. The aims of this study were to conduct a descriptive analysis of DRM metrics for the years 2008 to 2015 and to test the hypothesis that there was a difference in number of ranks submitted between programs that filled all their offered positions and those that did not. DRM metrics data from years 2008 to 2015 were obtained from the National Matching Service...
March 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209009/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-among-dental-practitioners-pertaining-to-preventive-measures-in-paediatric-patients
#19
Raju Umaji Patil, Amitkumar Sahu, Halaswamy V Kambalimath, Bharath Kashetty Panchakshari, Manish Jain
INTRODUCTION: Prevention at primary level is of great value in Paediatric Dentistry. Since use of preventive measures can prevent future complications, dental professionals share an important responsibility toward early screening, prompt referral and treatment and this knowledge must transfer into the practice of dentistry. AIM: To evaluate Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) among dental practitioners in Bhopal city (central part of India) pertaining to sealants, topical fluorides usage and orthodontic consideration in paediatric patients...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203028/-unerupted-first-deciduous-molar-located-higher-to-the-first-premolar-a-case-report
#20
Y Zhan, H Liu
Tooth eruption is defined as the movement of a tooth from its site of development within the alveolar process to its functional position in the oral cavity. The process of tooth eruption can be divided into different phases: pre-eruptive bone stage, alveolar bone stage, mucosal stage, preocclusal stage, occlusal stage and maturation stage. Any disturbance in these phases can lead to eruptive anomalies. The incidence of unerupted teeth is usually higher among permanent teeth than among deciduous ones. Of the primary teeth reported as unerupted, second deciduous molars are the teeth most frequently involved, followed by primary central incisors...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
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