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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705122/the-effect-of-using-mobile-applications-for-improving-oral-hygiene-in-patients-with-orthodontic-fixed-appliances-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Omar H Alkadhi, Mohammed N Zahid, Read S Almanea, Husam K Althaqeb, Turki H Alharbi, Nancy M Ajwa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of using mobile applications active reminders to improve oral hygiene in comparison to verbal oral hygiene instructions. DESIGN: Two-arm parallel randomised controlled trial. SETTING: orthodontic clinics at two branches of a university hospitals of the college of dentistry of Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-four 12-year-old and older subjects...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693545/competence-profiles-in-undergraduate-dental-education-a-comparison-between-theory-and-reality
#2
Sebastiaan Koole, Shani Van Den Brulle, Véronique Christiaens, Wolfgang Jacquet, Jan Cosyn, Hugo De Bruyn
BACKGROUND: Competence profiles are purposed to provide a blueprint in support to develop and/or benchmark the learning outcomes of undergraduate dental curricula. This study aims to investigate whether a competence profile as proposed by academic- and clinical experts is able to represent the real clinical reality. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed including questions about gender and age, perception about required competences, and educational organisation and was distributed among Flemish dentists via email and on paper during a symposium...
July 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691452/bilateral-symmetry-of-anterior-maxillary-incisors-evaluation-of-a-community-based-population
#3
Z Ormianer, A L Solodukhin, D Lauritano, P Segal, D Lavi, F Carinci, J Block
The final outcome of dental treatment needs to be not only clinically sufficient, but also esthetically pleasing. Bilateral symmetry in the maxillary incisor teeth is of significant importance in esthetic dentistry. In restorative dentistry, symmetry refers to the appearance of balance around the dental midline. The purpose of this study was to measure and compare the maxillary incisor teeth dimensions from both sides of the dental midline, in order to asses if this symmetry occurs naturally. From the student community population at Tel Aviv University, 66 students between the ages of 20-35 (35 males, 31 females) were enrolled and gave consent...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680842/evaluation-of-the-morphology-of-the-canalis-sinuosus-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-patients-with-maxillary-impacted-canines
#4
Gokhan Gurler, Cagri Delilbasi, Emine Esen Ogut, Kader Aydin, Ufuk Sakul
PURPOSE: The nasopalatine canal is a well-known, important anatomical structure in the anterior maxilla, but this region contains many accessory canals. The canalis sinuosus (CS) is one of these canals; it contains the anterior superior alveolar nerve, along with veins and arteries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the CS using conebeam computed tomography (CBCT) in patients with maxillary impacted canines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 111 patients admitted to the Istanbul Medipol University School of Dentistry for the exposure, orthodontic treatment, and/or extraction of an impacted canine were included in this study...
June 2017: Imaging Science in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670662/attitudes-of-orthodontists-and-laypersons-towards-tooth-extractions-and-additional-anchorage-devices
#5
Chidsanu Changsiripun, Petchpailin Phusantisampan
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the attitudes of orthodontists and laypersons towards the choice of extracting second premolars, rather than first premolars, based on tooth condition and the use of additional anchorage devices. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent to two groups: 324 orthodontists who were members of the Thai Association of Orthodontists, and 100 randomly selected Thai laypersons aged above 20 years and who were unrelated to the field of dentistry...
December 2017: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645269/restricted-posture-in-dentistry-a-kinematic-analysis-of-orthodontists
#6
Daniela Ohlendorf, Christina Erbe, Imke Hauck, Jennifer Nowak, Ingo Hermanns, Dirk Ditchen, Rolf Ellegast, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: This study aims at identifying orthodontic activities with the highest frequency of unfavorable/awkward and static postures held over a period of more than 4 s based on kinematic analysis. Moreover, a separate analysis of static postures for orthodontic and non-orthodontic activities serves to evaluate the duration for which these particular postures are assumed. METHODS: In total, 21 (13f/8 m) orthodontists (age: 31.5 ± 3.8 years) participated in this study...
June 23, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643920/analysis-of-polycaprolactone-scaffolds-fabricated-via-precision-extrusion-deposition-for-control-of-craniofacial-tissue-mineralization
#7
C W Fedore, L Y L Tse, H K Nam, K L Barton, N E Hatch
OBJECTIVES: Recurrence of cranial bone fusion following surgical resection in craniosynostosis patients commonly requires additional surgical procedures. Surgical implantation of engineered 3D scaffolds that control tissue mineralization could be utilized to diminish recurrence of fusion. This study investigated the ability of composite scaffolds to control tissue mineralization when cultured in vitro. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Precision-engineered scaffolds with calvarial cells were cultured in vitro at the Department of Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, University of Michigan...
June 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630955/chairside-systems-a-current-review
#8
Markus Zaruba, Albert Mehl
Since Cerec (Chairside Economical Restoration of Esthetic Ceramics) was introduced as the first dental chairside computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) system in the mid-1980s, this technology has enjoyed growing popularity, particularly in the recent past. There has been a considerable increase in the number of available chairside systems in only the last few years. One of the main reasons for this is that intraoral scanners have become increasingly better, smaller, and faster, while the design software has become more and more user-friendly...
2017: International Journal of Computerized Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617412/-abstracts-of-viii-young-scientists-conference-dedicated-to-55th-anniversary-of-central-research-institute-of-dentistry-and-maxillofacial-surgery-modern-scientific-achievements-in-dentistry-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#9
(no author information available yet)
Abstracts of VIII Young Scientists Conference dedicated to 55th anniversary of Central Research Institute of Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery 'Modern scientific achievements in dentistry and maxillofacial surgery'. Therapeutic stomatology. Surgical dentistry. Maxillofacial surgery. Orthopedic stomatology. Orthodontics. Organization of dental care.
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598177/finally-in-italy-the-school-of-specialisation-in-paediatric-dentistry
#10
G Marzo
After over two decades of discussions, promises and indecisions, the year 2016 marked the birth of the School of Specialisation in Paediatric Dentistry, which is now a reality. The importance of dental post-graduate specialisation schools has been debated since the Degree Course in Dentistry was established. Previously, in Italy only two dental branches - Oral Surgery and Orthodontics - had obtained the recognition that a School of Specialisation entails. Today, with specific training and the newly- established hyper-specialisation in Paediatric Dentistry, the future of the profession is brighter than ever...
June 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571295/dental-avengers-taking-retainer-stability-and-aesthetics-into-next-era
#11
Sayam Patil, Sanjeev Jakati
Adult patients are realizing that practical, realistic options now exist to "straighten" their teeth because the cosmetic dentistry revolution has begun to include even "adult short-term cosmetic orthodontics" as an integral part. Previously, the patients were bound to select between either the aesthetic benefits of ceramic or the bondability characteristic of composite, however this can now be fabricated in such a manner that still allows placement of a lingual splint so as to steady the orthodontic movement...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571262/evaluation-of-microleakage-with-total-etch-self-etch-and-universal-adhesive-systems-in-class-v-restorations-an-in-vitro-study
#12
Anjali Gupta, Pradeep Tavane, Pankaj Kumar Gupta, Bellam Tejolatha, Ashik Ali Lakhani, Ram Tiwari, Shruti Kashyap, Gaurav Garg
INTRODUCTION: Adhesive dentistry is overwhelmingly evolving with respect to the dental surgeon's and patient's perspective. Embracing the concept of minimally invasive dentistry which follows minimum intervention performed to produce good adhesion and tooth coloured restoration, in turn makes the newer generation bonding agents more acceptable and appropriate withstanding the demand for stable restoration. AIM: To study and compare the extent of microleakage between tooth and restoration interface in class V composite resin restorations applying one Total Etch (Adper(TM) single bond), two Self Etch (Adper(TM) SE Plus, Adper(TM) Easy One) and Universal bonding agents using dye penetration method...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571251/evaluation-of-interdental-spaces-of-the-mandibular-posterior-area-for-orthodontic-mini-implants-with-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#13
Seyed Hossein Moslemzadeh, Aydin Sohrabi, Ali Rafighi, Yusef Kananizadeh, Amin Nourizadeh
INTRODUCTION: The use of mini-implants has increased in recent years because of their role in absolute anchorage, but the placement sites may affect the success or failure of the procedure, so it is very important to determine the appropriate and safe location for orthodontic mini-implants. On the other hand, the Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT), which offers clear 3-Dimentional (3D) images, has been widely used in orthodontics and implant dentistry for surgical guidance of mini-implant placement...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546594/patient-safety-reducing-the-risk-of-wrong-tooth-extraction
#14
P Cullingham, A Saksena, M N Pemberton
Over recent years there has been an increased emphasis on improving patient safety in all branches of medicine, with reducing wrong tooth extraction being a priority in dentistry. The true incidence of wrong tooth extraction is unknown but it is considered an avoidable harm and is a significant source of dental litigation. Interventions to reduce wrong tooth extraction include educational programmes encompassing human factor training, patient assisted identification, the use of checklists, marking of surgical sites and implementation of patient safety guidelines...
May 26, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523244/an-evaluation-of-the-gingival-biotype-and-the-width-of-keratinized-gingiva-in-the-mandibular-anterior-region-of-individuals-with-different-dental-malocclusion-groups-and-levels-of-crowding
#15
Yeşim Kaya, Özer Alkan, Sıddık Keskin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship of gingival thickness (GT) and the width of keratinized gingiva (WKG) with different malocclusion groups and the level of crowding. METHODS: A total of 187 periodontally healthy subjects (121 females and 66 males) who presented at the Faculty of Dentistry in Yüzüncü Yıl University for orthodontic treatment were enrolled in the study. The individuals involved in the study were divided into three groups; Angle Class I malocclusion, Angle Class II malocclusion, and Angle Class III malocclusion...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511093/hypoxia-based-strategies-for-regenerative-dentistry-views-from-the-different-dental-fields
#16
REVIEW
Anna Sonja Müller, Klara Janjić, Bledar Lilaj, Michael Edelmayer, Hermann Agis
The understanding of the cell biological processes underlying development and regeneration of oral tissues leads to novel regenerative approaches. Over the past years, knowledge on key roles of the hypoxia-based response has become more profound. Based on these findings, novel regenerative approaches for dentistry are emerging, which target cellular oxygen sensors. These approaches include hypoxia pre-conditioning and pharmacologically simulated hypoxia. The increase in studies on hypoxia and hypoxia-based strategies in regenerative dentistry highlights the growing attention to hypoxia's role in regeneration and its underlying biology, as well as its application in a therapeutic setting...
April 26, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496240/beyond-onj-a-review-of-the-potential-uses-of-bisphosphonates-in-dentistry
#17
N P Shah, S Nayee, M Pazianas, C Sproat
There is evidence, although limited, for beneficial effects of bisphophonates (BPs) across multiple dental specialties. Within implant dentistry BP coatings have been shown to significantly increase pull out forces and bone density in animal models, and significantly increase implant stability whilst reducing marginal bone loss in humans. Adjunctive topical and systemic application of BPs during conventional periodontal treatment have shown significant improvements in probing depth and clinical attachment level in various forms of periodontal disease...
May 12, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479715/benign-reactive-lymphadenopathy-associated-with-submandibular-gland-enlargement-during-orthodontic-treatment
#18
Rohan Pulgaonkar, Prasad Chitra, Zama Moosvi
Lymphadenopathy may be caused due to various reasons, most common being infections, neoplasms and immunologic disorders. Considering the frequent use of biomaterials in dentistry, it is not uncommon to find allergic reactions in the oral mucosa. Delayed-type hypersensitivity is one mechanism of allergy, which may manifest as either contact stomatitis or rarely present as only lymphadenopathy. An unusual case of unilateral submandibular gland swelling with associated lymphadenopathy during orthodontic treatment is reported...
January 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469925/periodontal-profile-and-radiographic-characterization-of-the-jaws-in-a-patient-with-autosomal-dominant-osteopetrosis
#19
Davi da Silva Barbirato, Mariana Fampa Fogacci, Mariana Arruda, Monique Oliveira Rodrigues, Leonardo Vieira Neto
Osteopetrosis (OP) comprehends a rare group of conditions, presenting on radiographs increased bone density, deriving from irregularities in osteoclast differentiation or function. In the autosomal dominant osteopetrosis (ADO), some patients stay asymptomatic for some time, or only develop mild symptoms. The dental surgeon is often the first to presuppose the disease during routine imaging examinations, referring the patient to a specialized medical group. Furthermore, osteomyelitis is one of the major OP complications, and should be refrained through frequent dental monitoring...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461635/types-of-feedback-in-competency-based-predoctoral-orthodontics-effects-on-students-attitudes-and-confidence
#20
Mitchell J Lipp, Kiyoung Cho, Han Suk Kim
Feedback can exert a powerful influence on learning and achievement although its effect varies. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of three types of feedback on dental students' attitudes and confidence in a competency-based course in predoctoral orthodontics at New York University College of Dentistry. In 2013-14, all 253 third-year students in a course using test-enhanced instructional methods received written feedback on formative assessments. The type of feedback varied across three groups: pass/fail grades (PF) N=77, emoticons (EM) N=90, or written comments (WC) N=86...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
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