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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674770/incidence-of-pulmonary-complications-with-the-prophylactic-use-of-high-flow-nasal-cannula-after-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-prophylactic-hfnc-study-protocol
#1
Naohiro Shioji, Tomoyuki Kanazawa, Tatsuo Iwasaki, Kazuyoshi Shimizu, Tomohiko Suemori, Hirokazu Kawase, Satoshi Kimura, Yasutoshi Kuroe, Hiroshi Morimatsu
We will investigate the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) with the prophylactic use of a high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) after pediatric cardiac surgery. Children < 48 months old with congenital heart disease for whom cardiac surgery is planned will be included. The HFNC procedure will be commenced just after extubation, at a flow rate of 2 L/kg/min with adequate oxygen concentration to achieve target oxygen saturation ≥ 94%. This study will reveal the prevalence of PPCs after pediatric cardiac surgery with the prophylactic use of HFNC...
April 2018: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643554/effectiveness-of-transnasal-humidified-rapid-insufflation-ventilatory-exchange-versus-traditional-preoxygenation-followed-by-apnoeic-oxygenation-in-delaying-desaturation-during-apnoea-a-preliminary-study
#2
Sunil Rajan, Nandhini Joseph, Pulak Tosh, Dilesh Kadapamannil, Jerry Paul, Lakshmi Kumar
Background and Aims: Transnasal humidified rapid-insufflation ventilatory exchange (THRIVE) during apnoea has shown to delay desaturation. The primary objective was to compare time to desaturate to <90% during apnoea with THRIVE versus traditional preoxygenation followed by apnoeic oxygenation. Methods: This prospective, randomised, single-blinded study was conducted in 10 adult patients presenting for direct laryngoscopy under general anaesthesia without endotracheal intubation...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627312/-does-heliox-administered-by-low-flow-nasal-cannula-improve-respiratory-distress-in-infants-with-respiratory-syncytial-virus-acute-bronchiolitis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Wael Seliem, Amira M Sultan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study is to evaluate whether the use of heliox (79:21) delivered through a low flow nasal cannula would improve respiratory distress in infants with acute bronchiolitis caused by respiratory syncytial virus. METHODS: We have conducted a prospective randomized controlled study. All patients fulfilled inclusion criteria were randomized to either heliox (79:21) or air via NC at 2 L/min for a continuous 24hours. Measurements were taken at baseline, after 2hours and at the end of the 24hours...
April 4, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621755/reply-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-is-high-flow-nasal-cannula-useful-as-primary-respiratory-support-in-preterm-infants
#4
Srinivas Murki, Nandkishor S Kabra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621748/is-high-flow-nasal-cannula-useful-as-primary-respiratory-support-in-preterm-infants
#5
Subhash Chandra Shaw, Kannan Venkatnarayan, Rakesh Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609709/integrating-the-divided-nasal-cannula-into-routine-polysomnography-to-assess-nasal-cycle-feasibility-and-effect-on-outcomes
#6
Marcelo Scapuccin, Logan Schneider, Nur Rashid, Soroush Zaghi, Talita Rosa, Yung-An Tsuo, Stanley Liu, Paulo Lazarini, Robson Capasso, Chad Ruoff
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Patients suspected to have sleep-disordered breathing underwent an overnight polysomnography using a divided nasal cannula to gain additional information about the nasal cycle during sleep. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational cohort study replacing the undivided nasal cannula with a divided nasal cannula during routine polysomnography (n = 28). RESULTS: Integration of the divided nasal cannula pressure transducer system into routine polysomnography was easy and affordable...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607161/effectiveness-of-high-flow-nasal-cannula-oxygen-therapy-for-acute-respiratory-failure-with-hypercapnia
#7
Eun Sun Kim, Hongyeul Lee, Se Joong Kim, Jisoo Park, Yeon Joo Lee, Jong Sun Park, Ho Il Yoon, Jae Ho Lee, Choon-Taek Lee, Young-Jae Cho
Background: Heated and humidified high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) oxygen therapy has recently been introduced for hypoxic respiratory failure. However, it has not been well-evaluated for acute respiratory failure with hypercapnia. Methods: This retrospective study included acute respiratory failure patients with hypercapnia in the medical intensive care unit (MICU) from April 2011 to February 2013, who required HFNC oxygen therapy for hypoxemia. Respiratory parameters were recorded and arterial blood gas analyses conducted before, and at 1 and 24 h after initiation of HFNC oxygen therapy...
February 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595449/routine-low-dose-continuous-or-nocturnal-oxygen-for-people-with-acute-stroke-three-arm-stroke-oxygen-supplementation-rct
#8
Christine Roffe, Tracy Nevatte, Jon Bishop, Julius Sim, Cristina Penaloza, Susan Jowett, Natalie Ives, Richard Gray, Phillip Ferdinand, Girish Muddegowda
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major cause of death and disability worldwide. Hypoxia is common after stroke and is associated with worse outcomes. Oxygen supplementation could prevent hypoxia and secondary brain damage. OBJECTIVES: (1) To assess whether or not routine low-dose oxygen supplementation in patients with acute stroke improves outcome compared with no oxygen; and (2) to assess whether or not oxygen given at night only, when oxygen saturation is most likely to be low, is more effective than continuous supplementation...
March 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593018/randomised-controlled-trial-of-rhinothermy-for-treatment-of-the-common-cold-a-feasibility-study
#9
Susanne van de Hei, Steven McKinstry, George Bardsley, Mark Weatherall, Richard Beasley, James Fingleton
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of a randomised controlled trial (RCT) of rhinothermy for the common cold. DESIGN: Open label, randomised, controlled feasibility study. SETTING: Single-centre research institute in New Zealand recruiting participants from the community. PARTICIPANTS: 30 adult participants with symptoms of a common cold, presenting within 48 hours of the onset of symptoms. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomly assigned 2:1 to receive either 35 L/min of 100% humidified air at 41°C via high flow nasal cannulae, 2 hours per day for up to 5 days (rhinothermy), or vitamin C 250 mg daily for 5 days (control)...
March 27, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590671/primary-graft-dysfunction-pgd-following-lung-transplantation
#10
Rupal J Shah, Joshua M Diamond
Primary graft dysfunction (PGD) is a form of acute lung injury that results from ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) and is the major cause of early posttransplant morbidity and mortality. Patients who survive PGD have decreased quality of life, an increased risk of chronic lung allograft dysfunction, specifically bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome, and a significantly increased risk of death. In 2017, the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation released updated consensus statements on the PGD definition, most up-to-date PGD risk factors, mechanisms of PGD development, and the state-of-the-art for PGD therapeutics...
April 2018: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575773/non-invasive-ventilation-practices-in-children-across-europe
#11
Juan Mayordomo-Colunga, Martí Pons-Òdena, Alberto Medina, Corsino Rey, Christophe Milesi, Merja Kallio, Andrea Wolfler, Mireia García-Cuscó, Demet Demirkol, Milagros García-López, Peter Rimensberger
OBJECTIVES: To describe the diversity in practice in non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in European pediatric intensive care units (PICUs). WORKING HYPOTHESIS: No information about the use of NIV in Pediatrics across Europe is currently available, and there might be a wide variability regarding the approach. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional electronic survey. METHODOLOGY: The survey was distributed to the ESPNIC mailing list and to researchers in different European centers...
March 24, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562151/a-randomized-trial-of-high-flow-oxygen-therapy-in-infants-with-bronchiolitis
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Donna Franklin, Franz E Babl, Luregn J Schlapbach, Ed Oakley, Simon Craig, Jocelyn Neutze, Jeremy Furyk, John F Fraser, Mark Jones, Jennifer A Whitty, Stuart R Dalziel, Andreas Schibler
BACKGROUND: High-flow oxygen therapy through a nasal cannula has been increasingly used in infants with bronchiolitis, despite limited high-quality evidence of its efficacy. The efficacy of high-flow oxygen therapy through a nasal cannula in settings other than intensive care units (ICUs) is unclear. METHODS: In this multicenter, randomized, controlled trial, we assigned infants younger than 12 months of age who had bronchiolitis and a need for supplemental oxygen therapy to receive either high-flow oxygen therapy (high-flow group) or standard oxygen therapy (standard-therapy group)...
March 22, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560073/nasal-cannula-apneic-oxygenation-prevents-desaturation-during-endotracheal-intubation-an-integrative-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
Joshua M Gleason, Bill R Christian, Erik D Barton
Patients requiring emergency airway management may be at greater risk of acute hypoxemic events because of underlying lung pathology, high metabolic demands, insufficient respiratory drive, obesity, or the inability to protect their airway against aspiration. Emergency tracheal intubation is often required before complete information needed to assess the risk of procedural hypoxia is acquired (i.e., arterial blood gas level, hemoglobin value, or chest radiograph). During pre-oxygenation, administering high-flow nasal oxygen in addition to a non-rebreather face mask can significantly boost the effective inspired oxygen...
March 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558988/a-systematic-review-of-the-high-flow-nasal-cannula-for-adult-patients
#14
REVIEW
Yigal Helviz, Sharon Einav
This article is one of ten reviews selected from the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine 2018. Other selected articles can be found online at https://www.biomedcentral.com/collections/annualupdate2018 . Further information about the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine is available from http://www.springer.com/series/8901 .
March 20, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551475/first-line-treatment-using-high-flow-nasal-cannula-for-children-with-severe-bronchiolitis-applicability-and-risk-factors-for-failure
#15
C Guillot, C Le Reun, H Behal, J Labreuche, M Recher, A Duhamel, S Leteurtre
BACKGROUND: Viral bronchiolitis is the leading cause of hospitalization in children during the first 12 months of life. There is evidence to support the use of noninvasive ventilation in bronchiolitis. A recent respiratory management of bronchiolitis is the use of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) therapy. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the use of HFNC as the first-line treatment for children with severe bronchiolitis and the secondary objective was to identify factors for HFNC therapy failure...
April 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546563/a-high-flow-nasal-cannula-system-with-relatively-low-flow-effectively-washes-out-co-2-from-the-anatomical-dead-space-in-a-sophisticated-respiratory-model-made-by-a-3d-printer
#16
Yu Onodera, Ryo Akimoto, Hiroto Suzuki, Masayuki Okada, Masaki Nakane, Kaneyuki Kawamae
BACKGROUND: Although clinical studies of the high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) and its effect on positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) have been done, the washout effect has not been well evaluated. Therefore, we made an experimental respiratory model to evaluate the respiratory physiological effect of HFNC. METHODS: An airway model was made by a 3D printer using the craniocervical 3D-CT data of a healthy 32-year-old male. CO2 was infused into four respiratory lung models (normal-lung, open- and closed-mouth models; restrictive- and obstructive-lung, open-mouth models) to maintain the partial pressure of end-tidal CO2 (PET CO2 ) at 40 mmHg...
March 15, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535260/high-flow-nasal-cannula-in-pediatric-patients-a-survey-of-clinical-practice
#17
Andrew G Miller, Michael A Gentle, Lisa M Tyler, Natalie Napolitano
BACKGROUND: High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) use has greatly increased in recent years. In non-neonatal pediatric patients, there are limited data available to guide HFNC use, and clinical practice may vary significantly. The goal of this study was to evaluate current HFNC practice by surveying practicing pediatric respiratory therapists. METHODS: A survey instrument was posted on the American Association for Respiratory Care's AARConnect online social media platform in March 2017...
March 13, 2018: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531447/comparative-study-between-noninvasive-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-and-hot-humidified-high-flow-nasal-cannulae-as-a-mode-of-respiratory-support-in-infants-with-acute-bronchiolitis-in-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#18
Mihir Sarkar, Rajasree Sinha, Satyabrata Roychowdhoury, Sobhanman Mukhopadhyay, Pramit Ghosh, Kalpana Dutta, Shibarjun Ghosh
Background: Early initiation of appropriate noninvasive respiratory support is utmost important intervention to avoid mechanical ventilation in severe bronchiolitis. Aim: This study aims to compare noninvasive continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) and hot humidified high-flow nasal cannulae (HHHFNC) as modes of respiratory support in infants with severe bronchiolitis. Methods: Prospective, randomized, open-label pilot study done in a tertiary-care hospital Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU)...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530362/the-optiflow%C3%A2-interface-for-chronic-cpap-use-in-children
#19
C Overbergh, S Installe, A Boudewyns, K Van Hoorenbeeck, S L Verhulst
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is being increasingly used in children of all age ranges. The limited number of commercially available masks especially in infants and young children may complicate its use and compliance. In this report, we describe our experience with the use of the Optiflow™ (Fisher and Paykel Healthcare) Nasal Cannula attached to a regular CPAP device in the setting of chronic CPAP use. This interface consists of a nasal cannula and was originally designed for the delivery of high-flow oxygen therapy...
April 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528202/early-predictors-of-unresponsiveness-to-high-flow-nasal-cannula-therapy-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#20
Anıl Er, Aykut Çağlar, Fatma Akgül, Emel Ulusoy, Hale Çitlenbik, Durgül Yılmaz, Murat Duman
AIM: High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is a new treatment option for pediatric respiratory distress and we aimed to assess early predictive factors of unresponsiveness to HFNC therapy in a pediatric emergency department (ED). METHOD: Patients who presented with respiratory distress and were treated by HFNC, were included. The age, gender, weight, medical history, diagnosis, vital signs, oxygen saturation/fraction of inspired oxygen (SpO2 /FiO2 ) ratio, modified Respiratory Distress Assessment Instrument (mRDAI) scores, medical interventions, duration of HFNC therapy, time to escalation, adverse effects, and laboratory test results were obtained from medical and nursing records...
March 12, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
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