keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neonatal skin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103501/congenital-embryonal-rhabdomyosarcoma-multiple-lesions
#1
Heidarali Esmaeili, Mahzad Azimpouran
INTRODUCTION: Congenital or neonatal rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a rare soft tissue tumor with the most common sites of origin in genitourinary tract, head, and neck regions and extremities are less commonly involved. PRESENTATION OF CASE: In this paper, a case of embryonal RMS with skin lesions, lymph nodes metastasis, and bone marrow metastasis is reported for a 1-month old female patient. DISCUSSION: This study presents how within 8-months of chemotherapy, the lesions got subsided and the patient became disease free...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102853/skin-to-skin-contact-after-birth-and-the-natural-course-of-neurosteroid-levels-in-healthy-term-newborns
#2
K R McCallie, N W Gaikwad, M E Castillo Cuadrado, M Aleman, J E Madigan, D K Stevenson, V K Bhutani
OBJECTIVE: To determine the postnatal course of neurosteroid levels in relation to gender, mode of delivery and the extent of skin-to-skin (STS) contact during the first days of life in healthy term newborns. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study of 39 neonates in which parents recorded total duration of STS in the first 2 days and nine neurosteroids (dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate, progesterone, pregnenolone, pregnenolone-sulfate, allopregnanolone, isopregnanolone, epipregnanolone, pregnanolone and pregnanolone-sulfate) were assayed from blood samples at birth and at 1-2 days of age...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101779/randomized-controlled-trial-of-topical-emla-and-vapocoolant-spray-for-reducing-pain-during-wdpt-vaccination
#3
Navratan Kumar Gupta, Amit Upadhyay, Ajeet Kumar Dwivedi, Astha Agarwal, Vijay Jaiswal, Abhishek Singh
BACKGROUND: Intramuscular vaccination is among the most common source of iatrogenic pain in infants. Vapocoolant sprays are rapid-acting alternative to topical anesthetics. They provide transient anesthesia via evaporation induced skin cooling, and reduce pain due to vaccine injection in children and adults. The objective was to compare the synergistic analgesic effect of eutectic mixture of local anesthetics (EMLA) with breastfeeding (EB group) and vapocoolant spay with breastfeeding (VB group) to that of only breastfeeding (BO group) during whole cell diptheria, pertussis and tetanus (wDPT) vaccination...
January 19, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099428/biomarkers-of-adiposity-are-elevated-in-preterm-very-low-birth-weight-infants-at-1-2-and-3-years-of-age
#4
Andrea F Duncan, Joshua A Frankfurt, Roy J Heyne, Charles R Rosenfeld
BACKGROUND: Preterm, very-low-birth-weight (PT-VLBW) neonates are at-risk for metabolic syndrome later in life. At 1-3yrs, they exhibit excessive weight-for-length z-scores (Wt-LZ) and elevated systolic blood pressures (SBP). Serum adipokines are biomarkers of adiposity, but expression in PT-VLBW infants is unclear. We examined the correlation between serum adipokine levels, anthropometric measures and SBP in PT-VLBW neonates at follow-up. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional cohort study of PT-VLBW infants at 1, 2 and 3yrs of age (40/cohort)...
January 18, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097843/colonization-and-infection-in-the-newborn-infant-does-chlorhexidine-play-a-role-in-infection-prevention
#5
Lizeth Ortegón, Marcela Puentes-Herrera, Ivohne F Corrales, Jorge A Cortés
Healthcare-associated infections are a major problem in newborn infants, considering their high morbidity, mortality, and long-term sequelae. In preterm infants, it has been shown that skin and gastrointestinal tract colonization undergoes variations compared to healthy term infants, and that preterm infants are more exposed to nosocomial microorganisms given their higher probability of being admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit where they are cared for. This document reviews normal colonization, the changes observed during hospitalization, prematurity, and the potential role of chlorhexidine in the prevention of resistant microorganism transmission, as well as its side effects in newborn infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096239/skin-to-skin-care-in-preterm-infants-receiving-respiratory-support-does-not-lead-to-physiological-instability
#6
Laila Lorenz, Jennifer A Dawson, Hannah Jones, Susan E Jacobs, Jeanie L Cheong, Susan M Donath, Peter G Davis, C Omar F Kamlin
OBJECTIVE: Providing skin-to-skin care (SSC) to preterm infants is standard practice in many neonatal intensive care units. There are conflicting reports on the stability of oxygen saturation (SpO2) during SSC, which may create a barrier to a wider implementation of SSC to infants receiving respiratory support. Regional cerebral oxygenation (rcO2) measured using near-infrared spectroscopy can serve as a surrogate parameter for cerebral oxygen delivery and consumption. We hypothesised that rcO2 during SSC would be similar to standard care in preterm infants receiving respiratory support...
January 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095530/the-anti-aging-effects-of-low-oxygen-tension-generated-multipotent-growth-factor-containing-serum
#7
Zoe Diana Draelos, Jwala Karnik, Gail Naughton
Growth factors are a new category of ingredient found in modern cosmeceutical formulations. One novel method of obtaining cosmeceutical growth factors is the use of a bioreactor to culture neonatal broblasts on dextran microcarrier beads for 8 weeks under low oxygen tension (1-5%) mimicking embryonic conditions and eliminating the need for fetal bovine serum constituents in the final cosmetic material. This research evaluated the ingredient in a moisturizing vehicle on 40 females to determine its efficacy in improving overall facial skin appearance, as well as skin brightness, evenness, firmness, pore size, radiance, fine lines, coarse wrinkles, and blotchiness/ dispigmentation...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094094/sira-p-development-and-testing
#8
Kristina L Foster, Lacey D Bergerhofer, Janis B Smith, Michele M Fix, Adrienne Olney, Ashley Sherman
OBJECTIVES: To describe the development of a new skin risk assessment scale called Skin Injury Risk Assessment and Prevention (SIRA+P) and to establish initial reliability and validity of the scale among patients ranging in age from birth, including pre-term, to adulthood, regardless of age or acuity of illness. STUDY DESIGN: The single-site study was a retrospective chart review to evaluate the measurement properties of SIRA+P. Charts of 385 patients of all ages and in all units (including the neonatal and pediatric intensive care units) of a free-standing children's hospital were included...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093117/the-biological-prosthesis-is-a-viable-option-for-abdominal-wall-reconstruction-in-pediatric-high-risk-defects
#9
Osnat Zmora, Shannon L Castle, Stephanie Papillon, James E Stein
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to explore the indications for and outcome of biological prostheses to repair high risk abdominal wall defects in children. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of all cases of abdominal wall reconstruction in a single institution between 2007 and 2015. Demographic and clinical variables, technique and complications were described and compared between prosthesis types. RESULTS: A total of 23 patients underwent abdominal wall reconstruction using a biological prosthesis including 17 neonates...
January 6, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092363/mouse-models-of-uv-induced-melanoma-genetics-pathology-and-clinical-relevance
#10
Chi-Ping Day, Rachel Marchalik, Glenn Merlino, Helen Michael
Melanocytes, a neural crest cell derivative, produce pigment to protect keratinocytes from ultraviolet radiation (UVR). Although melanocytic lesions such as nevi and cutaneous malignant melanomas are known to be associated with sun exposure, the role of UVR in oncogenesis is complex and has yet to be clearly elucidated. UVR appears to have a direct mutational role in inducing or promoting melanoma formation as well as an indirect role through microenvironmental changes. Recent advances in the modeling of human melanoma in animals have built platforms upon which prospective studies can begin to investigate these questions...
January 16, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092317/ideal-site-for-skin-temperature-probe-placement-on-infants-in-the-nicu-a-review-of-literature
#11
Rachel A Joseph, Sarah Derstine, Michaela Killian
BACKGROUND: Maintaining normothermia and prevention of hypothermia are critical determinants of morbidity and mortality in infants. Noninvasive monitoring of skin temperature using skin temperature probes (STPs) has been a practice in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) for decades. Incubators and radiant warmers use feedback mechanisms from the STP readings to determine the heat output to maintain normothermia. Placing the STP on an ideal site on the infant's body is essential for optimum servo control of the temperature...
January 12, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092260/-down-syndrome-and-heart-block-secondary-to-neonatal-lupus
#12
Carla Lucila Illana-Bravo, Socorro Méndez-Martínez, María Enriqueta Juan-Martínez
In Down syndrome, so far, has not been reported it's association with congenital heart block, this entity is rare and occurred in only 1% of mothers who have systemic lupus erythematosus, the presence of anti-Ro antibodies cross the placenta presenting neonatal lupus with skin lesions and congenital heart block, bradycardia, which is why we describe the following case. This is a new male end product of asymptomatic young mother, but serological birth with stigmata of Down syndrome, birth presents congenital bradycardia rare manifestation abnormalities, but common in children of mothers with lupus are initiated study protocol, realizing you including laboratory tests and immunological studies cabinet as electrocardiogram and echocardiogram, which gave tone to take the mother immunological studies, being positive antiRo...
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090645/neonatal-limb-amputation-an-unusual-form-of-postmortem-canine-predation
#13
Kimberley J Omond, Calle Winskog, Allan Cala, Roger W Byard
Cases of postmortem canine predation often involve elderly recluses and their dogs. The face, head, and genitalia are targeted. Two unusual cases of postmortem canine predation of abandoned newborns are described to demonstrate an unusual alternative pattern of mutilation related to the small size of the decedents, marked decomposition, and canine scavenging behavior. Both bodies were abandoned/concealed soon after birth and were subsequently disturbed by dogs. Both were markedly decomposed with absent arms...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086963/near-infrared-spectroscopy-for-body-fat-sensing-in-neonates-quantitative-analysis-by-gamos-simulations
#14
Fatin Hamimi Mustafa, Peter W Jones, Alistair L McEwan
BACKGROUND: Under-nutrition in neonates is closely linked to low body fat percentage. Undernourished neonates are exposed to immediate mortality as well as unwanted health impacts in their later life including obesity and hypertension. One potential low cost approach for obtaining direct measurements of body fat is near-infrared (NIR) interactance. The aims of this study were to model the effect of varying volume fractions of melanin and water in skin over NIR spectra, and to define sensitivity of NIR reflection on changes of thickness of subcutaneous fat...
January 11, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077740/the-jarisch-herxheimer-reaction-after-antibiotic-treatment-of-spirochetal-infections-a-review-of-recent-cases-and-our-understanding-of-pathogenesis
#15
REVIEW
Thomas Butler
Within 24 hours after antibiotic treatment of the spirochetal infections syphilis, Lyme disease, leptospirosis, and relapsing fever (RF), patients experience shaking chills, a rise in temperature, and intensification of skin rashes known as the Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction (JHR) with symptoms resolving a few hours later. Case reports indicate that the JHR can also include uterine contractions in pregnancy, worsening liver and renal function, acute respiratory distress syndrome, myocardial injury, hypotension, meningitis, alterations in consciousness, seizures, and strokes...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070970/influence-of-sunflower-seed-oil-or-baby-lotion-on-the-skin-barrier-function-of-newborns-a-pilot-study
#16
Varvara Kanti, Malise Günther, Andrea Stroux, Sabine Sawatzky, Wolfgang Henrich, Michael Abou-Dakn, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Natalie Garcia Bartels
BACKGROUND: Skin care influences skin barrier function during the first postnatal weeks. Although the use of natural oils in preterms has been investigated, there are currently no data comparing the effect of sunflower oil to an emollient on barrier development in healthy term newborns. METHODS: In a prospective, randomized clinical study, 50 healthy full-term newborns aged ≤72 h were randomly assigned to two groups: group baby lotion (L, n=22) and sunflower seed oil (SSO, n=24)...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062236/enhanced-wound-healing-activity-of-desert-locust-schistocerca-gregaria-vs-shrimp-penaeus-monodon-chitosan-based-scaffolds
#17
Narguess H Marei, W El-Mazny, Aida El-Shaer, Kareem Dorri Zaki, Zahra S Hussein, Emtithal M Abd-El-Samie
Chitosan (CS) has received great attention in tissue engineering, especially in wound healing acceleration. In this study, chitin was isolated from desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria) and shrimp (Penaeus monodon) then deacetylated to chitosan. Then, chitosan was characterized by degree of deacetylation (DD), molecular weight (M.Wt), swelling index (SI), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and X ray diffraction (XRD). The chitosan was then casted into 2D scaffolds and was pictured using scanning electron microscope (SEM)...
January 3, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061866/rapid-containment-of-nosocomial-transmission-of-a-rare-community-acquired-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-ca-mrsa-clone-responsible-for-the-staphylococcal-scalded-skin-syndrome-ssss
#18
Onofrio Lamanna, Dafne Bongiorno, Lisa Bertoncello, Stefano Grandesso, Sandra Mazzucato, Giovanni Battista Pozzan, Mario Cutrone, Michela Chirico, Flavia Baesso, Pierluigi Brugnaro, Viviana Cafiso, Stefania Stefani, Floriana Campanile
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to identify the source and the transmission pathway for a Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome (SSSS) outbreak in a maternity setting in Italy over 2 months, during 2014; to implement appropriate control measures in order to prevent the epidemic spread within the maternity ward; and to identify the Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) epidemic clone. METHODS: Epidemiological and microbiological investigations, based on phenotyping and genotyping methods, were performed...
January 6, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051234/neonatal-lupus-erythematosus-with-congenital-heart-block-in-twins
#19
Lamia Gargouri, Faiza Safi, Bayen Maalej, Souad Mallek, Fatma Turki, Imen Majdoub, Malek Akrout, Dorra Abid, Samir Kamoun, Abdelmajid Mahfoudh
Background - Neonatal lupus erythematosus is an uncommon acquired autoimmune disease caused by transplacental passage of maternal antibodies SSA/Ro, SSB/La or U1 ribonucleoproteins. The most common clinical manifestations are skin rash, cardiac lesions, thrombocytopenia, anemia and hepatosplenomegaly. Complete congenital heart block is usually irreversible needing a pacemaker implantation in two-thirds of cases. Cases report - We report neonatal lupus erythematosus with complete congenital heart block in twins...
July 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050669/usa300-a-strain-of-community-associated-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-crossing-belgium-s-borders-outbreak-of-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-in-a-hospital-in-belgium
#20
K Kaïret, E Ho, D Van Kerkhoven, J Boes, S Van Calenbergh, L Pattyn, P Lemay
OBJECTIVE: to investigate an outbreak of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) USA300 in a hospital setting, and the effect of infection control measures. DESIGN: outbreak investigation and retrospective chart review. SETTING: local inpatient and outpatient clinic. PATIENTS: all patients with a history of skin and soft tissue infections with culture-confirmed methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus USA 300 infection from September, 2014, through June, 2015...
January 3, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
keyword
keyword
107644
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"