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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161221/from-freud-to-feminism-gendered-constructions-of-blame-across-theories-of-child-sexual-abuse
#1
Corry Azzopardi, Ramona Alaggia, Barbara Fallon
Most theories of child sexual abuse are, to some degree, gendered, with nonoffending mothers bearing the burden of blame, ideologically and legally, for the transgressions of predominantly male offenders. This article explores the social construction of blame for child sexual abuse via critical analyses of evolving theoretical perspectives on maternal culpability for the inception and maintenance of abuse dynamics. Drawing on selected conceptual and research knowledge that supports and refutes anecdotal claims, this synthesis of the literature culminates in the proposal of an evidence-informed, feminist-grounded, multitheoretical child sexual abuse framework that disrupts dominant mother-blaming discourse and guides socially just and ethically responsive policy, practice, and research...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160484/critical-points-for-the-control-of-tuberculosis-on-primary-health-care
#2
Patrícia Geórgia Oliveira Diniz Pinheiro, Lenilde Duarte de Sá, Pedro Fredemir Palha, Rita de Cássia Cordeiro de Oliveira, Jordana de Almeida Nogueira, Tereza Cristina Scatena Villa
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the discourses of professionals that work on the reference service about the critical points that affects the essential attributes of the Primary Health Care (PHC) related to the control of tuberculosis in the city of João Pessoa. METHOD: The empirical material collected from August to October in 2014, through the interview technique was analyzed through the methodological-theoretical framework of French Discourse Analysis. RESULTS: The discourses demonstrated the critical points on the control of the disease on PHC as being the lack of bond and welcoming from the professionals in relation to patients with tuberculosis...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159678/on-the-predictability-of-event-boundaries-in-discourse-an-erp-investigation
#3
Francesca Delogu, Heiner Drenhaus, Matthew W Crocker
When reading a text describing an everyday activity, comprehenders build a model of the situation described that includes prior knowledge of the entities, locations, and sequences of actions that typically occur within the event. Previous work has demonstrated that such knowledge guides the processing of incoming information by making event boundaries more or less expected. In the present ERP study, we investigated whether comprehenders' expectations about event boundaries are influenced by how elaborately common events are described in the context...
November 20, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159266/analysis-of-macrolinguistic-aspects-of-narratives-from-individuals-with-alzheimer-s-disease-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-no-cognitive-impairment
#4
Cíntia Matsuda Toledo, Sandra Maria Aluísio, Leandro Borges Dos Santos, Sonia Maria Dozzi Brucki, Eduardo Sturzeneker Trés, Maira Okada de Oliveira, Letícia Lessa Mansur
Introduction: The depiction of features in discourse production promotes accurate diagnosis and helps to establish the therapeutic intervention in cognitive impairment and dementia. We aimed to identify alterations in the macrolinguistic aspects of discourse using a new computational tool. Methods: Sixty individuals, aged 60 years and older, were distributed in three different groups: mild Alzheimer's disease (mAD), amnestic mild cognitive impairment, and healthy controls...
2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158897/feminist-approaches-to-anorexia-nervosa-a-qualitative-study-of-a-treatment-group
#5
Su Holmes, Sarah Drake, Kelsey Odgers, Jon Wilson
Background: Eating disorders (EDs) are now often approached as biopsychosocial problems. But it has been suggested by scholars interested in sociocultural factors that all is not equal within this biospsychosocial framework, with the 'social' aspects of the equation relegated to secondary factors within ED treatment contexts. Although sociocultural influences are well-established as risk factors for EDs, the exploration of whether or how such perspectives are useful in treatment has been little explored...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157950/-knowledge-beliefs-and-attitudes-of-the-roma-population-regarding-colorectal-cancer-screening
#6
María Carmen Santiago-Portero, José Manuel Gómez-García, Helena Reig-Gómez, Tatiana Oltra-Durá, Juan José Gascón-Cánovas
OBJECTIVE: To identify predisposing, inhibitory and facilitating factors that may affect participation in colorectal cancer screening programs in the Roma population. METHOD: Qualitative and exploratory study by focus group technique. Three focus groups of men and three groups of women were carried out, with a total of 16 men and 18 women from the Roma population, aged 50-69 years, from the province of Alicante. A discourse analysis was performed with the PRECEDE model as an analysis framework...
November 17, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155247/cells-have-sex-chromosomes-and-circadian-clocks-implications-for-organismal-level-functions
#7
Rae Silver
A great number of stakeholders have a keen interest in issues surrounding sex differences. These participants in the discourse often use the same evidence to draw opposite conclusions, with implications for individuals and society as a whole. One part of the maelstrom and associated emotionality derives from confounds between the concepts of "sex" vs. "gender", even among professionals. Here, the oft-repeated point is made that evidence for gender differences can't be derived from the animal research, once the generally accepted conception of gender as a process unique to humans, is acknowledged...
November 15, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152594/-blaming-shaming-humiliation-stigmatising-medical-interactions-among-people-with-non-epileptic-seizures
#8
Catherine Robson, Olaug S Lian
Background: People with non-epileptic seizures (NES) describe challenging relationships with health professionals, and explain negative interactions as common and expected. Despite these difficulties, little is known about how people with NES experience difficult healthcare encounters. Methods: Using a thematic discourse analysis approach, we analysed the free-text survey responses of 135 people with NES and asked: what kind of challenges do people living with this condition encounter when interacting with health professionals, and how do they experience the consequences of difficult interactions? We explore their experiences by interpreting the latent meaning of participants' texts from a social-constructionist perspective on health and illness...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150752/women-s-reproductive-health-in-sociocultural-context
#9
EDITORIAL
Yael Benyamini, Irina Todorova
PURPOSE: The special issue on Women's Reproductive Health in Cultural Context covers multiple dimensions of women's reproductive health and how it might be shaped by cultural meanings, social and gender inequities, and power differentials, employing a variety of methodological approaches. On the one hand, it aims to bring to the forefront the conversation about how women's health is uniquely experienced and constructed in local settings, and on the other hand, it aims to draw broader conclusions from a perspective of interconnectedness of women and the shared issues that they face...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149847/individuals-explanations-for-their-persistent-or-recurrent-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Jenny Setchell, Nathalia Costa, Manuela Ferreira, Joanna Makovey, Mandy Nielsen, Paul W Hodges
BACKGROUND: Most people experience low back pain (LBP), and it is often ongoing or recurrent. Contemporary research knowledge indicates individual's pain beliefs have a strong effect on their pain experience and management. This study's primary aim was to determine the discourses (patterns of thinking) underlying people's beliefs about what causes their LBP to persist. The secondary aim was to investigate what they believed was the source of this thinking. METHODS: We used a primarily qualitative survey design: 130 participants answered questions about what caused their LBP to persist, and where they learned about these causes...
November 17, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149578/afterword-in-the-matter-of-judging-scientific-merit
#11
Robert J Sternberg
In this afterword, I suggest expanding upon some of the criteria for judging scientific merit that have been discussed in the two symposia on "judging scholarly merit in psychological science." I discuss in particular the value of creativity, analysis, common sense, and wisdom and ethics in scientific contributions and discourse. In the course of this discussion, I consider where the field of judging scientific merit has been, where it is now, and where it may go.
November 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149319/from-bouncing-back-to-nurturing-emergence-reframing-the-concept-of-resilience-in-health-systems-strengthening
#12
Edwine W Barasa, Keith Cloete, Lucy Gilson
Recent health system shocks such as the Ebola disease outbreak have focused global health attention on the notion of resilient health systems. In this commentary, we reflect on the current framing of the concept of resilience in health systems discourse and propose a reframing. Specifically, we propose that: (1) in addition to sudden shocks, health systems face the ongoing strain of multiple factors. Health systems need the capacity to continue to deliver services of good quality and respond effectively to wider health challenges...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148278/-her-choice-of-course-negotiating-legitimacy-of-choice-in-abortion-rights-deliberations-during-the-repeal-the-eighth-movement-in-ireland
#13
Rahul Sambaraju, Myles Sammon, Frank Harnett, Emma Douglas
Discourses of 'choice' are routinely involved in sexual and reproductive rights' advocacy. In this article, we offer a discursive psychological examination of how 'choice' is oriented to, in online deliberations on the ongoing movement for abortion rights in Ireland. Comment posters treated 'choice' as involving outcomes of and motives for choosing, in negotiating legitimacy of women's rights to choose. These accompanied alternative versions of women, either as independent or as intimately bound up with pregnancy/motherhood, which were flexibly used in negotiation legitimacy of women's rights to 'choice' in abortion practices...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147107/debated-agronomy-public-discourse-and-the-future-of-biotechnology-policy-in-ghana
#14
Joseph A Braimah, Kilian N Atuoye, Siera Vercillo, Carrie Warring, Isaac Luginaah
This paper examines the highly contested and ongoing biotechnology (Bt) policy-making process in Ghana. We analyse media content on how Bt is viewed in the context of Ghana's parliamentary debate on the Plant Breeders Bill and within the broader public policy-making literature. This paper does not seek to take a position on Bt or the Bill, but to understand how policy actors influence the debate with political and scientific rhetoric in Ghana. The study reveals that in the midst of scientific uncertainties of Bt's potential for sustainable agriculture production and food security, policy decisions that encourage its future adoption are heavily influenced by health, scientific, economic, environmental and political factors dictated by different ideologies, values and norms...
2017: Global Bioethics, Problemi di Bioetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147033/socratic-seminar-with-data-a-strategy-to-support-student-discourse-and-understanding
#15
Joan Griswold, Loren Shaw, Maureen Munn
A Socratic seminar can be a powerful tool for increasing students' ability to analyze and interpret data. Most commonly used for text-based discussion, we found that using Socratic seminar to engage students with data contributes to student understanding by allowing them to reason through and process complex information as a group. This approach also provides teachers with insights about student misconceptions and understanding of concepts by listening to the student-driven discussion. This article reports on Socratic seminar in the context of a high school type 2 diabetes curriculum that explores gene and environment interactions...
August 2017: American Biology Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143888/-the-art-of-insulin-treatment-diabetes-insulin-and-the-1920s
#16
Kirsten E Gardner
Soon after the discovery of insulin in the early 1920s, the popular press celebrated the miraculous discovery. Although insulin had no curative effect on the chronic state of diabetes, it was frequently heralded as a "cure." This paper examines how the discovery of insulin intersected with the rise of diabetic technology and the transfer of medical technology to the home setting. By analyzing diabetic manuals written for patients and physicians, letters exchanged between patient and physician, medical journals, magazines and newspapers, I trace how patients learned about insulin and more significantly how patients adopted measurement technologies designed to allow better home administration of insulin...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143539/psychiatric-care-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-what-do-their-siblings-think-about-it-a-qualitative-study
#17
Jordan Sibeoni, Louise Chambon, Noel Pommepuy, Clementine Rappaport, Anne Revah-Levy
The expectations and role of families in the care of children with autism spectrum disorder are increasingly important. Nonetheless, no study has thus far explored the perspectives of siblings about the care received by a brother or sister with this disorder. The objective of this study was to fill this gap in the literature. This multicentre qualitative study took place in France, where we conducted semi-structured interviews with adolescents who were older siblings of children receiving care in a day hospital for an autism spectrum disorder...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143430/power-discourse-and-resistance-poststructuralist-influences-in-nursing
#18
Dave Holmes, Marilou Gagnon
Based on our respective research programs (psychiatry, forensic psychiatry, public health, HIV/AIDS, harm reduction) this article aims to use purposely non-conventional means to present the substantial contribution of poststructuralist perspectives to knowledge development in nursing science in general and in our current research in particular. More specifically, we call on the work of Michel Foucault and Deleuze & Guattari to politicize nursing science using examples from our empirical research programs with marginal and often highly marginalized populations...
November 15, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139190/a-man-before-his-time-russell-s-insights-into-nicotine-smoking-treatment-and-curbing-the-smoking-problem
#19
Ann McNeill, Debbie Robson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This narrative review aimed to provide a brief overview of five key research 'classics' produced by the innovative and radical thought leader, Professor Michael Anthony Hamilton Russell (1932-2009), drawing upon his other work wherever feasible. METHODS: Narrative review. From more than 250 publications, we selected papers we considered seminal texts, published in 1971, 1976, 1978, 1979 and 1991. RESULTS: Russell was among the first researchers to explain that smoking was a dependence disorder caused by the drug nicotine decades before this was recognized formally...
November 15, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137720/improving-surgical-residents-communication-in-disclosing-complications-a-qualitative-analysis-of-simulated-physician-and-patient-surrogate-conversations
#20
Carolina Fernandez Branson, Jeffrey G Chipman
BACKGROUND: In this study, we explore surgical resident communication with simulated patient surrogates (SPs), in an Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE). METHODS: We use discourse analysis (DA), a qualitative approach to analyzing language, to evaluate our residents' interactions with simulated patient surrogates. After identifying problematic communication patterns, we apply communication theory to discuss our findings and provide suggestions for improvement...
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
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