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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792478/acculturation-in-the-discourse-of-immigrants-and-receiving-community-members-results-from-a-cross-national-qualitative-study
#1
Angela Fedi, Terri Mannarini, Anne Brodsky, Alessia Rochira, Sara Buckingham, Lindsay Emery, Surbhi Godsay, Jill Scheibler, Anna Miglietta, Silvia Gattino
This study explores the bidirectional and interactional process of acculturation from the perspectives of immigrants and receiving community members (RCMs). Our aim was to understand the experiences and interactions of different ethno-cultural groups and their impact on the functioning and dynamics of multicultural communities. We conducted a cross-national, cross-cultural study of acculturation processes, using interviews collected across two countries (Italy: urban regions of Torino and Lecce; U.S.: Baltimore/Washington corridor) and three distinct groups of immigrants-Moroccans and Albanians in Italy and Latin Americans in the United States-and RCMs in Italy and the United States...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792256/uncaring-nurses-mobilizing-power-knowledge-difference-and-resistance-to-explain-workplace-violence-in-academia
#2
Renee Berquist, Isabelle St-Pierre, Dave Holmes
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Violence among nurses and in nursing academia is a significant issue, with attention increasingly focused on damage resulting from psychological violence, such as bullying, harassment, aggression, and incivility. Each workplace's interpretation of violence will impact individual behavior within the organization. Organizational and environmental factors can contribute to violent behaviors becoming normalized in the workplace. When violent behaviors go unconstrained, they become imbedded within the workplace culture...
May 1, 2018: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791664/-competition-in-the-arts-of-midwifery-in-the-city-of-rio-de-janeiro-from-1835-to-1900
#3
Helber Renato Feydit de Medeiros, Diana Maul de Carvalho, Luiz Fernando Rangel Tura
The article discusses competition between midwives and doctors offering birth-related services in the city of Rio de Janeiro from 1835 to 1900. The research analyzed minutes from meetings, textbooks on births, and terms from qualification examinations for physicians, surgeons, apothecaries, and midwives at the Rio de Janeiro Medical School (Faculdade de Medicina do Rio de Janeiro), as well as announcements by and advertisements for doctors and midwives in columns featuring advertisements and useful recommendations in the Jornal do Commercio newspaper...
May 10, 2018: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791637/board-games-gerotechnology-in-nursing-care-practice
#4
Paula Cristina de Andrade Pires Olympio, Neide Aparecida Titonelli Alvim
OBJECTIVE: To create a board game as a form of gerotechnology to promote active and healthy aging. METHOD: This was a qualitative, convergent care study conducted with 32 older adults. Individual interviews, creativity and sensitivity techniques, group discussions, and participant observations guided by Paulo Freire's theoretical framework of problematization were used to produce data. The participants and researchers assessed the entire production process at the end of the study, after the gerotechnology was implemented in the groups...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791020/discursive-constructions-of-professional-identity-in-policy-and-regulatory-discourse
#5
Gerard Fealy, Josephine-Mary Hegarty, Martin McNamara, Mary Casey, Denise O'Leary, Catriona Kennedy, Pauline O'Reilly, Rhona O'Connell, Anne-Marie Brady, Emma Nicholson
AIM: To examine and describe disciplinary discourses conducted through professional policy and regulatory documents in nursing and midwifery in Ireland. BACKGROUND: A key tenet of discourse theory is that group identities are constructed in public discourses and these discursively-constructed identities become social realities. Professional identities can be extracted from both the explicit and latent content of discourse. Studies of nursing's disciplinary discourse have drawn attention to a dominant discourse that confers nursing with particular identities, which privilege the relational and affective aspects of nursing and in the process, marginalise scientific knowledge and the technical and body work of nursing...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790275/suppressor-of-clathrin-deficiency-scd6-an-emerging-rgg-motif-translation-repressor
#6
REVIEW
Debadrita Roy, Purusharth I Rajyaguru
Translation control plays a key role in variety of cellular processes. Translation initiation factors augment translation, whereas translation repressor proteins inhibit translation. Different repressors act by distinct mechanisms to accomplish the repression process. Although messenger RNAs (mRNAs) can be repressed at various steps of translation, most repressors have been reported to target the initiation step. We focus on one such translation repressor, an Arginine-Glycine-Glycine (RGG)-motif containing protein Scd6...
May 22, 2018: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. RNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787568/using-discursis-to-enhance-the-qualitative-analysis-of-hospital-pharmacist-patient-interactions
#7
Bernadette A M Chevalier, Bernadette M Watson, Michael A Barras, William N Cottrell, Daniel J Angus
INTRODUCTION: Pharmacist-patient communication during medication counselling has been successfully investigated using Communication Accommodation Theory (CAT). Communication researchers in other healthcare professions have utilised Discursis software as an adjunct to their manual qualitative analysis processes. Discursis provides a visual, chronological representation of communication exchanges and identifies patterns of interactant engagement. AIM: The aim of this study was to describe how Discursis software was used to enhance previously conducted qualitative analysis of pharmacist-patient interactions (by visualising pharmacist-patient speech patterns, episodes of engagement, and identifying CAT strategies employed by pharmacists within these episodes)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785778/stakeholder-identities-in-britain-s-neoliberal-ethical-community-polish-narratives-of-earned-citizenship-in-the-context-of-the-uk-s-eu-referendum
#8
Derek McGhee, Chris Moreh, Athina Vlachantoni
This article examines the narrative strategies through which Polish migrants in the UK challenge the formal rights of political membership and attempt to redefine the boundaries of 'citizenship' along notions of deservedness. The analysed qualitative data originate from an online survey conducted in the months before the 2016 EU referendum, and the narratives emerge from the open-text answers to two survey questions concerning attitudes towards the referendum and the exclusion of resident EU nationals from the electoral process...
May 21, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781967/qualitative-research-in-correctional-settings-researcher-bias-western-ideological-influences-and-social-justice
#9
Morgan Wadams, Tanya Park
Within correctional settings, justice, health, and academic systems overlap for forensic nurse researchers. Within an environment that stresses social control, a researcher's implicit views, perspectives, and biases can lead to altering the authentic (re)presentation of a participant's experience. Researcher bias may be influenced by predominately western ideologies and societal discourses. Qualitative methods to mitigate and raise awareness around researcher biases include bracketing, unstructured interviews, diverse peer review, thinking inductively, investigator responsiveness, and critical reflexivity...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781314/is-social-media-bad-for-mental-health-and-wellbeing-exploring-the-perspectives-of-adolescents
#10
Michelle O'Reilly, Nisha Dogra, Natasha Whiteman, Jason Hughes, Seyda Eruyar, Paul Reilly
Despite growing evidence of the effects of social media on the mental health of adolescents, there is still a dearth of empirical research into how adolescents themselves perceive social media, especially as knowledge resource, or how they draw upon the wider social and media discourses to express a viewpoint. Accordingly, this article contributes to this scarce literature. Six focus groups took place over 3 months with 54 adolescents aged 11-18 years, recruited from schools in Leicester and London (UK)...
May 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781196/professionalised-intimacy-how-dementia-care-workers-navigate-between-domestic-intimacy-and-institutional-detachment
#11
Tobias Haeusermann
This article reports an ethnographic study of the handover routines in Germany's first dementia village, with a central focus on how care is balanced between domestic intimacy and institutional detachment. The term 'professionalised intimacy' is used for the vivid interplay between comfort and intimacy that renders the interaction between care workers and residents far more complex than previous theories have articulated. Because of the intimacy involved in community building, however, the promise of personalised care must clash with the bureaucratic structures of an official institution, potentially depriving the care workers of their public, respected identity in the process...
May 20, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781173/discourse-and-cognition-in-speakers-with-acquired-brain-injury-abi-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Elizabeth Hill, Mary Claessen, Anne Whitworth, Mark Boyes, Roslyn Ward
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment, particularly of executive functioning, has been implicated in deficits in spoken discourse production following acquired brain injury (ABI). However, due to variation in the methodologies and heterogeneity of findings across studies, the nature and extent of this association is not well understood. AIMS: This review aims to synthesize the literature investigating associations between cognitive deficits and discourse impairment after ABI...
May 20, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780179/the-grand-challenges-discourse-transforming-identity-work-in-science-and-science-policy
#13
David Kaldewey
This article analyzes the concept of "grand challenges" as part of a shift in how scientists and policymakers frame and communicate their respective agendas. The history of the grand challenges discourse helps to understand how identity work in science and science policy has been transformed in recent decades. Furthermore, the question is raised whether this discourse is only an indicator, or also a factor in this transformation. Building on conceptual history and historical semantics, the two parts of the article reconstruct two discursive shifts...
2018: Minerva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776978/ethical-arguments-for-access-to-abortion-services-in-the-republic-of-ireland-recent-developments-in-the-public-discourse
#14
Joan McCarthy, Katherine O'Donnell, Louise Campbell, Dolores Dooley
The Republic of Ireland has some of the most restrictive abortion legislation in the world which grants to the 'unborn' an equal right to life to that of the pregnant woman. This article outlines recent developments in the public discourse on abortion in Ireland and explains the particular cultural and religious context that informs the ethical case for access to abortion services. Our perspective rests on respect for two very familiar moral principles - autonomy and justice - which are at the centre of social and democratic societies around the world...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770463/a-first-for-dermatopathology-and-pathology-in-general-appropriate-use-criteria-in-dermatopathology-from-the-american-society-of-dermatopathology
#15
Adam I Rubin, Michael Hitchcock
In this issue of the Journal of Cutaneous Pathology(1), the ASDP Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) Task Force releases a landmark series of recommendations on AUC from the American Society of Dermatopathology. This is the first set of AUC in dermatopathology and, indeed, in pathology overall. These recommendations were developed as part of the work of the ASDP AUC Task Force, created in 2015. This publication provides strong, evidence-based recommendations that will improve the delivery and utilization of care for our patients, just as AUC for Mohs surgery have elevated the discourse on that procedure for the benefit of patients and society as a whole(2)...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770367/engaging-religious-leaders-to-support-hiv-prevention-and-care-for-gays-bisexual-men-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-coastal-kenya
#16
Evans Gichuru, Bernadette Kombo, Noni Mumba, Salla Sariola, Eduard J Sanders, Elise M van der Elst
In Kenyan communities, religious leaders are important gatekeepers in matters of health and public morality. In a context that is generally homophobic, religious leaders may aggravate or reduce stigmatization of sexual minorities such as gay and bisexual men, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM). Literature indicates mixed results in efforts to encourage religious leaders to work effectively and sensitively with issues regarding HIV and sexuality. This paper describes the implementation of an engagement intervention with religious leaders from different denominations, which took place following a homophobic hate attack that was led by local religious leaders, at an HIV research clinic for GBMSM on the Kenyan coast...
2018: Critical Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769102/securitizing-hiv-aids-a-game-changer-in-state-societal-relations-in-china
#17
Catherine Yuk-Ping Lo
BACKGROUND: China has experienced unprecedented economic growth since the 1980s. Despite this impressive economic development, this growth exists side by side with the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) crises and the persisting deficiencies in public health provision in China. Acknowledging the prevailing health problems, the Chinese government has encouraged the development of health non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to respond to the health challenges and address the gaps in public health provision of the government...
May 16, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769100/what-did-the-go4health-policy-research-project-contribute-to-the-policy-discourse-on-the-sustainable-development-goals-a-reflexive-review
#18
REVIEW
Vannarath Te, Nadia Floden, Sameera Hussain, Claire E Brolan, Peter S Hill
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the European Commission funded Go4Health-Goals and Governance for Global Health, a consortium of 13 academic research and human rights institutions from both Global North and South-to track the evolution of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and provide ongoing policy advice. This paper reviews the research outputs published between 2012 and 2016, analyzing the thematic content of the publications, and the influence on global health and development discourse through citation metrics...
May 16, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768674/social-science-and-sozialwissenschaft-categorical-and-institutional-boundaries-of-knowledge
#19
Gerhard Sonnert
This article explores how linguistic categories affect boundary work in scholarly knowledge production. Whereas the German language knows the unified concept of Wissenschaft for all branches of scholarship represented at universities, the English language separates science from the arts or humanities and does not commonly engage an overarching concept. This has had consequences for American social science, which are traced both in the discourse shaping its development and in the deployment and distribution of institutional resources...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768608/perception-of-body-and-corporeality-in-men-practicing-male-prostitution-in-guadalajara-mexico
#20
Giovane Mendieta-Izquierdo
OBJECTIVE: To interpret the perception of the body and corporeality in a group of men practicing male prostitution in the center of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. METHOD: An interpretive phenomenological study from the perspective of Heidegger; the perception of the body is taken as a category of analysis based on 20 in-depth interviews with 13 males practicing prostitution. RESULTS: The interpretation of the body and corporeality in men who practice male prostitution centers on the following categories: a) the dirty body, stigma, b) body-seeking opportunities, c) the body and corporeality, appealing to customers, d) the initial contact and body language, and e) the value assigned to the body, the rate...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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