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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445219/canadian-national-guidelines-and-recommendations-for-integrating-career-advising-into-medical-school-curricula
#1
Kelly Howse, June Harris, Nancy Dalgarno
Career planning, decision making about specialty choice, and preparation for residency matching are significant sources of stress for medical students. Attempts have been made to structure and formalize career advising by including it in accreditation standards. There is an expressed need for national guidelines on career advising for medical students. The Future of Medical Education in Canada Postgraduate (FMEC PG) Implementation Project was created to ensure Canadian medical trainees receive the best education possible...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444821/has-the-autonomy-pendulum-swung-too-far
#2
Paul Walker
BACKGROUND: This paper aims to contribute to the discussion about patient-centred care in surgery. It is contended here that the paradigm shift towards patient-centred decision-making in health care does not mean that patient values alone (or those of their proxies) should, uncritically, be the lead decision makers in determining surgical care. METHODS: In support of that contention, three clarifications to our conception of autonomy will be offered. RESULTS: First, autonomy may not be best positioned as the lead principle guiding healthcare decision-making...
April 25, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444783/taiwanese-and-sri-lankan-students-dimensions-and-discourses-of-professionalism
#3
Lynn V Monrouxe, Madawa Chandratilake, Katherine Gosselin, Charlotte E Rees, Ming-Jung Ho
CONTEXT: The definition of medical professionalism poses a challenge to global medical educators. This is especially pronounced in settings where professionalism frameworks developed in the west are transferred into different cultures. Building upon our previous study across Western contexts, we examine Taiwanese and Sri Lankan medical students' conceptualisations of professionalism in terms of what professionalism comprises (i.e. dimensions) and how it is linguistically framed (i.e. discourses)...
April 25, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444327/reviving-a-positive-discourse-on-sexuality-within-social-work
#4
S J Dodd, Deborah Tolman
Sexuality is not an invisible dimension within social work. Social workers are constantly engaged with aspects of sexuality across virtually all practice domains. Indeed, some of the most fundamental and frequent concerns of social workers involve sexual abuse, sexual violence, and HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. However, conversations about healthy sexuality, positive sexuality, or sexual well-being that are well ensconced in many disciplines are all but absent from current social work literature, education, and practice...
April 24, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443041/national-identification-counteracts-the-sedative-effect-of-positive-intergroup-contact-on-ethnic-activism
#5
Adrienne Pereira, Eva G T Green, Emilio Paolo Visintin
Positive intergroup contact with socially and economically advantaged national majorities has been shown to reduce ethnic identification among minorities, thereby undermining ethnic minority activism. This finding implies that ethnic identity is the relevant social identity driving ethnic minorities' struggle for equality. We argue that the study of the "sedating" effect of positive intergroup contact for minorities should be more nuanced. The existence of multiple and sometimes interplaying social identities can foster a reinterpretation of the meaning of "ethnic" activism...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440935/learned-discourse-timely-scientific-opinions
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438706/towards-generalizable-entity-centric-clinical-coreference-resolution
#7
Timothy Miller, Dmitriy Dligach, Steven Bethard, Chen Lin, Guergana Savova
OBJECTIVE: This work investigates the problem of clinical coreference resolution in a model that explicitly tracks entities, and aims to measure the performance of that model in both traditional in-domain train/test splits and cross-domain experiments that measure the generalizability of learned models. METHODS: The two methods we compare are a baseline mention-pair coreference system that operates over pairs of mentions with best-first conflict resolution and a mention-synchronous system that incrementally builds coreference chains...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438437/schizophrenia-patients-have-higher-order-language-and-extralinguistic-impairments
#8
Agnieszka Pawełczyk, Magdalena Kotlicka-Antczak, Emila Łojek, Anna Ruszpel, Tomasz Pawełczyk
INTRODUCTION: The extralinguistic and paralinguistic aspects of the language refer to higher-order language functions such as lexical-semantic processes, prosody, indirect speech acts or discourse comprehension and production. Studies suggest that these processes are mediated by the Right Hemisphere (RH) and there is also some evidence of RH dysfunctions in schizophrenia. The aim of the paper is to investigate the extralinguistic and paralinguistic processing mediated by Right Hemisphere in schizophrenia patients using a validated and standardized battery of tests...
April 21, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436925/focus-more-on-causes-and-less-on-symptoms-of-moral-distress
#9
Tessy A Thomas, Laurence B McCullough
In this commentary on Carse and Rushton's call for reorientation of moral distress, we state agreement with the authors that the discourse of moral distress should refocus on the moral components of integrity. We then explain how our philosophical taxonomy of moral distress, mentioned by the authors, appeals to moral integrity. In this process, we clarify our taxonomy's appeal to Aristotle's concept of akrasia. We conclude by offering support of Carse and Rushton's challenge to organizations to strengthen moral integrity by fostering resilience...
2017: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435813/medical-care-or-disciplinary-discourses-preventive-measures-against-the-black-death-in-late-medieval-paris-a-brief-review
#10
REVIEW
Yong Jin Hong, Sam Hun Park
BACKGROUND: This paper examined the political and social implications of the Compendium de epidemia prescription written by the Masters of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Paris in the mid-14th century during the Black Death. This study aimed to examine how the effects of power as a discourse owned by medical knowledge are revealed. METHODS: This paper outlines the composition of the contents based on the 1888 edition edited and translated by Émile H...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435474/the-vision-of-industrie-4-0-in-the-making-a-case-of-future-told-tamed-and-traded
#11
Sabine Pfeiffer
Since industrial trade fair Hannover Messe 2011, the term "Industrie 4.0" has ignited a vision of a new Industrial Revolution and has been inspiring a lively, ongoing debate among the German public about the future of work, and hence society, ever since. The discourse around this vision of the future eventually spread to other countries, with public awareness reaching a temporary peak in 2016 when the World Economic Forum's meeting in Davos was held with the motto "Mastering the Fourth Industrial Revolution...
2017: Nanoethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432335/policy-coherence-integration-and-proportionality-in-tobacco-control-should-tobacco-sales-be-limited-to-government-outlets
#12
Elizabeth A Smith, Patricia A McDaniel, Heikki Hiilamo, Ruth E Malone
Multiple factors, including marijuana decriminalization/legalization, tobacco endgame discourse, and alcohol industry pressures, suggest that the retail regulatory environment for psychoactive or addictive substances is a dynamic one in which new options may be considered. In most countries, the regulation of tobacco, marijuana, and alcohol is neither coherent, nor integrated, nor proportional to the potential harms caused by these substances. We review the possible consequences of restricting tobacco sales to outlets run by government-operated alcohol retail monopolies, as well as the likely obstacles to such a policy...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431794/challenging-the-addiction-health-binary-with-assemblage-thinking-an-analysis-of-consumer-accounts
#13
David Moore, Kiran Pienaar, Ella Dilkes-Frayne, Suzanne Fraser
Critical analyses of drug use and 'addiction' have identified a series of binary oppositions between addiction and free will, independence, self-control, responsibility, productivity and autonomy. This critical work has also examined how science, policy and popular discourses frequently characterise addiction as antithetical to health and well-being. Furthermore, those diagnosed with addiction are often understood as indifferent to health and well-being, or as lacking the knowledge or desire required to maintain them...
April 18, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430532/overcoming-discourse-linking-difficulties-in-aphasia-the-case-of-clitic-pronouns
#14
Silvia Martínez-Ferreiro, Andrés Felipe Reyes, Roelien Bastiaanse
The present study aims to contribute to the ongoing discussion about the impact of discourse-linking deficits on the performance of individuals with aphasia by providing new data from a set of rarely investigated constructions: sentences in which a clitic pronoun coexists alongside with the full DP it agrees with. To do so, we use data of individuals with non-fluent aphasias who need to overcome the difficulties in direct object (accusative) clitic production. This results in overproduction of non-target clitic right dislocations (RDs) and clitic doubling (CD)...
April 21, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429061/natural-resource-management-schemes-as-entry-points-for-integrated-landscape-approaches-evidence-from-ghana-and-burkina-faso
#15
Samson Foli, Mirjam A F Ros-Tonen, James Reed, Terry Sunderland
In recognition of the failures of sectoral approaches to overcome global challenges of biodiversity loss, climate change, food insecurity and poverty, scientific discourse on biodiversity conservation and sustainable development is shifting towards integrated landscape governance arrangements. Current landscape initiatives however very much depend on external actors and funding, raising the question of whether, and how, and under what conditions, locally embedded resource management schemes can serve as entry points for the implementation of integrated landscape approaches...
April 20, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428164/zika-in-twitter-temporal-variations-of-locations-actors-and-concepts
#16
Anthony Stefanidis, Emily Vraga, Georgios Lamprianidis, Jacek Radzikowski, Paul L Delamater, Kathryn H Jacobsen, Dieter Pfoser, Arie Croitoru, Andrew Crooks
BACKGROUND: The recent Zika outbreak witnessed the disease evolving from a regional health concern to a global epidemic. During this process, different communities across the globe became involved in Twitter, discussing the disease and key issues associated with it. This paper presents a study of this discussion in Twitter, at the nexus of location, actors, and concepts. OBJECTIVE: Our objective in this study was to demonstrate the significance of 3 types of events: location related, actor related, and concept related, for understanding how a public health emergency of international concern plays out in social media, and Twitter in particular...
April 20, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427372/protocol-for-evaluation-of-the-continuum-of-primary-care-in-the-case-of-a-miscarriage-in-the-emergency-room-a-mixed-method-study
#17
Francine de Montigny, Chantal Verdon, Diane Dubeau, Annie Devault, Martin St-André, Éric Tchouaket Nguemeleu, Carl Lacharité
BACKGROUND: In Quebec (Canada), nearly 20,000 pregnancies end in miscarriage, and the majority of the miscarriages are dealt with in an emergency unit. Although there are studies documenting the effects of this type of grief on mental health, men's experiences are much less discussed than those of women. Similarly, no study has evaluated best practices in terms of service continuity, from emergency care to community resources. The aim of this study is to better understand the relationships that exist between the organization of emergency room and primary care health services for women presenting with miscarriage, on the one hand, and the positions and experiences of women and men within these services, on the other...
April 20, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425302/probing-morphological-syntactic-and-pragmatic-knowledge-through-answers-to-wh-questions-in-children-with-sli
#18
Kelly Rombough, Rosalind Thornton
PURPOSE: This study investigated aspects of morphology, syntax and pragmatics in children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI). These areas of language were investigated by evaluating children's answers to wh-questions. METHOD: Elicited production methodology was used to evoke answers to three types of wh-questions. There were 54 participants: 18 children with SLI (mean age = 5;3); 18 language-matched children matched on mean length of utterance (mean age = 3;4) and 18 age-matched children (mean age = 5;3)...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423110/organ-donation-and-transplantation-in-mexico-a-transplantation-health-professionals%C3%A2-perspective
#19
Luis Eduardo Hernández-Ibarra, Francisco J Mercado-Martínez, Anabel Martínez-Castañeda
Objective: We aimed to explore organ donation and transplantation in Mexico from the point of view of transplantation health professionals. Materials and methods: A qualitative study was carried out. Twenty six organ transplantation health professionals from seven states of Mexico participated. Semi-structured face-to-face interviews were conducted mainly in hospital settings. Critical discourse analysis was performed. Results: According to participants, living organ transplantation offers benefits for recipients as well as for donors...
January 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422638/resource-seeking-as-occupation-a-critical-and-empirical-exploration
#20
Rebecca M Aldrich, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Virginia A Dickie
Occupational therapists and occupational scientists are committed to generating and using knowledge about occupation, but Western middle-class social norms regarding particular ways of doing have limited explorations of survival occupations. This article provides empirical evidence of the ways in which resource seeking constitutes an occupational response to situations of uncertain survival. Resource seeking includes a range of activities outside formal employment that aim to meet basic needs. On the basis of findings from 2 ethnographic studies, we critique the presumption of survival in guiding occupational therapy documents and the accompanying failure to recognize occupations that seem at odds with self-sufficiency...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
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