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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616651/knowledge-and-practice-of-togolese-women-concerning-cervical-cancer
#1
S Agbo, H S Bemanana, K M Aziagbenyo, F M Lahaye
OBJECTIVE: To identify the determinants of the knowledge and practice of Togolese women concerning cervical cancer. METHODS: This cross-sectional study with a descriptive and analytical focus took place in Togo during the four-month period from May to August 2016 and surveyed women aged 18 to 60 living in the Lomé municipal area for at least 12 months. Sampling of the intervention zones was based on reasoned choice depending on the availability of health structures in the area...
February 1, 2018: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335907/content-of-first-prenatal-visits
#2
J Dyer, G Latendresse, E Cole, J Coleman, E Rothwell
Objective The purpose of this study was to examine the content of the first prenatal visit within an academic medical center clinic and to compare the topics discussed to 2014 American College of Obstetrics and Gynecologists guidelines for the initial prenatal visit. Methods Clinical interactions were audio recorded and transcribed (n = 30). A content analysis was used to identify topics discussed during the initial prenatal visit. Topics discussed were then compared to the 2014 ACOG guidelines for adherence...
May 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236173/is-surgical-plume-developing-during-routine-leeps-contaminated-with-high-risk-hpv-a-pilot-series-of-experiments
#3
Kay Neumann, Markus Cavalar, Achim Rody, Luisa Friemert, Daniel A Beyer
INTRODUCTION: Growing evidence shows a causal role of high-risk humane papillomavirus (HPV) infections in the development of head and neck cancer. A recent case report shows two patients suffering from tonsillar cancer without any risk factors apart from their work as gynecologists doing laser ablations and loop electrosurgical excision procedures (LEEP). The aim of the present investigation is to evaluate whether surgical plume resulting from routine LEEPs of HSIL of the cervix uteri might be contaminated with the DNA of high-risk HPV...
February 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644334/clinical-updates-in-women-s-health-care-summary-gynecologic-and-obstetric-care-for-breast-cancer-survivors-primary-and-preventive-care-review
#4
Jennifer Griffin Miller
Breast cancer treatment has an impact on the physical, psychologic, sexual, and reproductive aspects of women's lives. Therefore, it is important for obstetrician-gynecologists to be well versed in the screening, diagnosis, and management of breast cancer. This monograph is an overview of critical issues related to the provision of ongoing care to breast cancer survivors.
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557833/lymphovascular-space-invasion-for-endometrial-cancer-undertreatment-and-overtreatment-risks-a-survey-of-the-spanish-gynecologic-oncology-group
#5
Mikel Gorostidi Pulgar, Begoña Diaz de la Noval, Blanca Gil-Ibañez, Victor Lago Leal, Ibon Jaunarena Marin, Pablo Padilla Iserte
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to asses the impact of lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) present in early-stage endometrial cancer, regarding its therapeutic management and prognosis knowledge, based on a survey among Spanish oncologic gynecologist. METHODS/MATERIALS: Between October and November 2014, the Young Spanish Onco-gynecologist Group carried out a survey to perform a cross-sectional study about the management of LVSI. All active members in the oncology field of the Spanish Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics were invited to participate in the survey...
July 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894164/preoperative-ca125-and-fibrinogen-in-patients-with-endometrial-cancer-a-risk-model-for-predicting-lymphovascular-space-invasion
#6
Xingchen Zhou, Husheng Wang, Xipeng Wang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to build a model to predict the risk of lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) in women with endometrial cancer (EC). METHODS: From December 2010 to June 2013, 211 patients with EC undergoing surgery at Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital were enrolled in this retrospective study. Those patients were divided into a positive LVSI group and a negative LVSI group. The clinical and pathological characteristics were compared between the two groups; logistic regression was used to explore risk factors associated with LVSI occurrence...
March 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824769/palliative-care-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#7
Carolyn Lefkowits, Caroline Solomon
Palliative care is specialized care for people with life-limiting illness; it focuses on symptom management and quality of life and ensures that a patient's care is concordant with her goals and values. Unlike end-of-life care, palliative care can be offered concurrently with disease-directed therapies, including when the goal is cure. Obstetrics and gynecology patients for whom palliative care is most appropriate include women with gynecologic cancer and women with a fetus or neonate with a potentially life-limiting illness...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527826/risk-of-hsil-cin-2-3-on-colposcopic-biopsy-is-minimal-in-postmenopausal-women-with-lsil-on-cytology-and-a-negative-hrhpv-test
#8
Mustafa Ozturk, Haldun Umudum, Ibrahim Alanbay, Mustafa Ulubay, Ulas Fidan, Murat Dede, Müfit Cemal Yenen
BACKGROUND: Current cervical cancer screening guidelines recommend a 1-year follow-up period for patients with a postmenopausal low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) who are test negative for high-risk human papillomavirus (HrHPV). The aim of this study was to assess whether such patients had an increased immediate risk of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion. METHODS: We assessed 54 HrHPV-negative women with postmenopausal LSIL in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of our hospital between 2012 and 2013...
December 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27275818/gene-set-based-functionome-analysis-of-pathogenesis-in-epithelial-ovarian-serous-carcinoma-and-the-molecular-features-in-different-figo-stages
#9
Chia-Ming Chang, Chi-Mu Chuang, Mong-Lien Wang, Ming-Jie Yang, Cheng-Chang Chang, Ming-Shyen Yen, Shih-Hwa Chiou
Serous carcinoma (SC) is the most common subtype of epithelial ovarian carcinoma and is divided into four stages by the Federation of Gynecologists and Obstetrics (FIGO) staging system. Currently, the molecular functions and biological processes of SC at different FIGO stages have not been quantified. Here, we conducted a whole-genome integrative analysis to investigate the functions of SC at different stages. The function, as defined by the GO term or canonical pathway gene set, was quantified by measuring the changes in the gene expressional order between cancerous and normal control states...
June 6, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26351531/project-for-the-national-program-of-early-diagnosis-of-endometrial-cancer-part-i
#10
R E Bohîlțea, V Ancăr, M M Cirstoiu, V Rădoi, L C Bohîlțea, F Furtunescu
RATIONALE: Endometrial cancer recorded a peak incidence in ages 60-64 years in Romania, reaching in 2013 the average value of 8.06/ 100,000 women, and 15.97/ 100,000 women within the highest risk age range, having in recent years an increasing trend, being higher in urban than in rural population. Annually, approximately 800 new cases are registered in our country. The estimated lifetime risk of a woman to develop endometrial cancer is of about 1,03%. Based on an abnormal uterine bleeding, 35% of the endometrial cancers are diagnosed in an advanced stage of the disease, with significantly diminished lifetime expectancy...
July 2015: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26000542/committee-opinion-no-634-hereditary-cancer-syndromes-and-risk-assessment
#11
(no author information available yet)
A hereditary cancer syndrome is a genetic predisposition to certain types of cancer, often with onset at an early age, caused by inherited mutations in one or more genes. Cases of cancer commonly encountered by obstetrician-gynecologists or other obstetric-gynecologic providers--such as breast cancer, ovarian cancer, and endometrial cancer--are features of specific hereditary cancer syndromes. The most common hereditary cancer syndromes related to gynecologic cancer include hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome, Lynch syndrome, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, Cowden syndrome, and Peutz-Jeghers syndrome...
June 2015: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25944599/-recommendation-for-genetic-testing-in-patients-suffering-from-gynecological-malignancy
#12
REVIEW
Michal Zikán
OBJECTIVE: To present an overview of indications and recommendations for genetic testing in patients with hereditary susceptibility to develop malignant gynecological tumors. SUBJECT: Review. SETTING: Gynecological Oncology Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Charles University, First Faculty of Medicine and General Faculty Hospital, Prague. SUBJECT AND METHOD: Literature review and recommendations for practice based on evidence and clinical experience...
March 2015: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25862895/initial-incomplete-surgery-modifies-prognosis-in-advanced-ovarian-cancer-regardless-of-subsequent-management
#13
Nicolae Bacalbasa, Irina Balescu, Simona Dima, Vlad Herlea, Leonard David, Vladislav Brasoveanu, Irinel Popescu
BACKGROUND: Prognosis in ovarian cancer is determined by completeness of cytoreduction and proper management by specialized oncological gynecologists. Incomplete initial debulking surgery in non-specialized Centers is, however, a reality and there is ongoing discussion about the best subsequent management of such patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with advanced ovarian cancer (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics--FIGO FIGO stages IIIC-IV) who had biopsy by laparotomy or incomplete cytoreduction followed or not by chemotherapy further referred to our Institution between January 2002 and May 2014 were included...
April 2015: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25777089/evaluation-of-the-time-varying-effect-of-prognostic-factors-on-survival-in-ovarian-cancer
#14
Chung Chang, An Jen Chiang, Hui-Ching Wang, Wei-An Chen, Jiabin Chen
PURPOSE: To explore the risk factors in ovarian cancer with respects of time-varying effects on recurrence and survival. METHODS: Two hundred and ninety-eight patients with epithelial ovarian cancer in the Kaohsiung Veterans' General Hospital from January 1995 to the end of 2011 were included in the study. The assumption of the Cox proportional hazard model, i.e., the hazard ratio is a constant with time, was tested for available prognostic factors. An extended Cox model was then applied, and a statistical package was constructed to perform multivariate analysis in presence of both time-varying and time-independent factors...
November 2015: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25525682/care-of-the-transgender-patient-a-survey-of-gynecologists-current-knowledge-and-practice
#15
Cécile A Unger
BACKGROUND: Medical school and residency curricula are lacking in content on the care of the transgender patient. As a result, many providers do not have enough experience and knowledge to adequately care for this patient population. The aim of this study was to assess gynecologists' preferences and knowledge base with regard to transgender healthcare. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of obstetrics and gynecology (OBGYN) providers. An anonymous survey was sent via electronic mail to nine academic OBGYN departments across the United States...
February 2015: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25437722/identification-of-iphone-and-ipad-applications-for-obstetrics-and-gynecology-providers
#16
Sara Farag, Kathy Chyjek, Katherine T Chen
OBJECTIVE: To systematically identify the number of applications ("apps") compatible with the iPhone and the iPad that are potentially useful to obstetrician-gynecologists (ob-gyns). METHODS: Obstetrics and gynecology MeSH terms were searched in the Apple iTunes Store. A master list of unique apps was created and the apps were divided into categories and subcategories. RESULTS: A total of 1,816 unique apps using 55 different obstetrics and gynecology MeSH terms were found...
November 2014: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25422723/google-and-women-s-health-related-issues-what-does-the-search-engine-data-reveal
#17
Mazin Baazeem, Haim Abenhaim
OBJECTIVES: Identifying the gaps in public knowledge of women's health related issues has always been difficult. With the increasing number of Internet users in the United States, we sought to use the Internet as a tool to help us identify such gaps and to estimate women's most prevalent health concerns by examining commonly searched health-related keywords in Google search engine. METHODS: We collected a large pool of possible search keywords from two independent practicing obstetrician/gynecologists and classified them into five main categories (obstetrics, gynecology, infertility, urogynecology/menopause and oncology), and measured the monthly average search volume within the United States for each keyword with all its possible combinations using Google AdWords tool...
2014: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25202385/elastography-a-sensitive-tool-for-the-evaluation-of-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-high-grade-serous-ovarian-carcinoma
#18
Meng Xie, Xuyin Zhang, Zhan Jia, Yunyun Ren, Wenping Wang
The aim of the present study was to evaluate tumor stiffness by ultrasound elastography, which has the potential to provide additional information that is useful in predicting the response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) in high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSC) patients. In total, 32 patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage III and IV epithelial ovarian cancer treated with NACT underwent transvaginal and transabdominal sonography, followed by elastography and finally, by interval cytoreductive surgery...
October 2014: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25038531/physicians-beliefs-about-effectiveness-of-cancer-screening-tests-a-national-survey-of-family-physicians-general-internists-and-obstetrician-gynecologists
#19
Jacqueline W Miller, Laura-Mae Baldwin, Barbara Matthews, Katrina F Trivers, C Holly Andrilla, Denise Lishner, Barbara A Goff
OBJECTIVE: To study physicians' beliefs about the effectiveness of different tests for cancer screening. METHODS: Data were examined from the Women's Health Survey of 1574 Family Medicine, Internal Medicine, and Obstetrics-Gynecology physicians to questions about their level of agreement about the clinical effectiveness of different tests for breast, cervical, ovarian, and colorectal cancer screening among average risk women. Data were weighted to the U.S. physician population based on the American Medical Association Masterfile...
December 2014: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24770309/knowledge-of-cervical-cancer-screening-guidelines-among-residents-at-the-ohio-state-university-wexner-medical-center
#20
Yan Zhao, Melissa Goist
INTRODUCTION: Early detection of cervical dysplasia can reduce the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer, but unnecessary testing may lead to invasive evaluation and psychological harm. In 2012 the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists published revised cervical cancer screening guidelines. This study aims to assess the knowledge and awareness of these recommendations among specialties at the Ohio State University Medical Center. METHODS: Anonymous surveys were distributed to all residents in the internal medicine, family medicine, and obstetrics-gynecology programs...
May 2014: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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