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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336601/journal-club-computer-aided-detection-of-lung-nodules-on-ct-with-a-computerized-pulmonary-vessel-suppressed-function
#1
ShihChung B Lo, Matthew T Freedman, Laura B Gillis, Charles S White, Seong K Mun
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate radiologists' performance in detecting actionable nodules on chest CT when aided by a pulmonary vessel image-suppressed function and a computer-aided detection (CADe) system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A novel computerized pulmonary vessel image-suppressed function with a built-in CADe (VIS/CADe) system was developed to assist radiologists in interpreting thoracic CT images. Twelve radiologists participated in a comparative study without and with the VIS/CADe using 324 cases (involving 95 cancers and 83 benign nodules)...
January 16, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302735/a-new-human-derived-acellular-dermal-matrix-for-breast-reconstruction-available-for-the-european-market-preliminary-results
#2
Secondo Folli, Annalisa Curcio, Davide Melandri, Elena Bondioli, Nicola Rocco, Giuseppe Catanuto, Fabio Falcini, Valeria Purpura, Matteo Mingozzi, Federico Buggi, Francesco Marongiu
INTRODUCTION: The introduction of acellular dermal matrices (ADMs) contributed to the growing diffusion of direct-to-implant breast reconstruction (DTI-BR) following mastectomy for breast cancer. According to specific legislations, European specialists could not benefit from the use of human-derived ADMs, even though most evidence in the literature are available for this kind of device, showed optimal outcomes in breast reconstruction. The Skin Bank of the Bufalini Hospital (Cesena, Italy) obtained in 2009 the approval for the production and distribution of a new human cadaver-donor-derived ADM (named with the Italian acronym, MODA, for matrice omologa dermica acellulata) from the Italian National Transplant Center and National Health Institute...
January 4, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282271/circulating-tumour-cells-as-a-potential-screening-tool-for-lung-cancer-the-air-study-protocol-of-a-prospective-multicentre-cohort-study-in-france
#3
Sylvie Leroy, Jonathan Benzaquen, Andrea Mazzetta, Sylvain Marchand-Adam, Bernard Padovani, Dominique Israel-Biet, Christophe Pison, Pascal Chanez, Jacques Cadranel, Julien Mazières, Vincent Jounieaux, Charlotte Cohen, Véronique Hofman, Marius Ilie, Paul Hofman, Charles Hugo Marquette
INTRODUCTION: Lung cancer (LC) is the leading cause of death from cancer. Early diagnosis of LC is of paramount importance in terms of prognosis. The health authorities of most countries do not accept screening programmes based on low-dose chest CT (LDCT), especially in Europe, because they are flawed by a high rate of false-positive results, leading to a large number of invasive diagnostic procedures. These authorities advocated further research, including companion biological tests that could enhance the effectiveness of LC screening...
December 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281735/correction-ct-chest-and-pulmonary-functional-changes-in-patients-with-htlv-associated-myelopathy-in-the-eastern-brazilian-amazon
#4
Luiz Fábio Magno Falcão, Aline Semblano Carreira Falcão, Rita Catarina Medeiros Sousa, Waldônio de Brito Vieira, Robson Tadachi Moraes de Oliveira, Valéria Marques Ferreira Normando, George Alberto da Silva Dias, Marcio Clementino de Souza Santos, Rodrigo Santiago Barbosa Rocha, Gilberto Toshimitsu Yoshikawa, Roberta Vilela Lopes Koyama, Satomi Fujihara, Víctor Augusto Cavaleiro Corrêa, Hellen Thais Fuzii, Juarez Antônio Simões Quaresma
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0186055.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240004/synchronizing-gait-with-cardiac-cycle-phase-alters-heart-rate-response-during-running
#5
Keren Constantini, Abigail S L Stickford, Jeffery L Bleich, Paul D Mannheimer, Benjamin D Levine, Robert F Chapman
Timing foot strike to occur in synchrony with cardiac diastole may reduce left ventricular afterload and promote coronary and skeletal muscle perfusion. PURPOSE: To assess heart rate (HR) and metabolic responses to running when foot strikes are timed to occur exclusively during 1) the systolic phase of the cardiac cycle, or 2) the diastolic phase. METHODS: Ten elite male distance runners performed a testing session on a treadmill at 4.72 m[BULLET OPERATOR]s while matching their steps to an auditory tone and wearing a chest strap that transmitted accelerometer and ECG signals...
December 12, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225889/efficacy-of-sonographic-and-biological-pleurodesis-indicators-of-malignant-pleural-effusion-simple-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Ioannis Psallidas, Hania E G Piotrowska, Ahmed Yousuf, Nikolaos I Kanellakis, Gayathri Kagithala, Seid Mohammed, Lei Clifton, John P Corcoran, Nicky Russell, Melissa Dobson, Robert F Miller, Najib M Rahman
Introduction: Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is common and currently in UK there are an estimated 50 000 new cases of MPE per year. Talc pleurodesis remains one of the most popular methods for fluid control. The value of thoracic ultrasound (TUS) imaging, before and after pleurodesis, in improving the quality and efficacy of care for patients with MPE remains unknown. Additionally, biomarkers of successful pleurodesis including measurement of pleural fluid proteins have not been validated in prospective studies...
2017: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214205/simple-eye-movement-feedback-during-visual-search-is-not-helpful
#7
Trafton Drew, Lauren H Williams
Searching for targets in the visual world, or visual search, is something we all do every day. We frequently make 'false-negative' errors, wherein we erroneously conclude a target was absent when one was, in fact, present. These sorts of errors can have tremendous costs, as when signs of cancers are missed in diagnostic radiology. Prior research has characterized the cause of many of these errors as being due to failure to completely search the area where targets may be present; indeed, roughly one-third of chest nodules missed in lung cancer screening are never fixated (Drew, Võ, Olwal, Jacobson, Seltzer and Wolfe, Journal of Vision 13:3, 2013)...
2017: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170309/12%C3%A2-a-multi-centre-randomised-feasibility-study-evaluating-the-impact-of-a-prognostic-model-for-management-of-blunt-chest-wall-trauma-patients-stumbl-trial
#8
Ceri Battle, Hayley Hutchings, Zoe Abbott, Claire O'neill, Sam Groves, Alan Watkins, Fiona Lecky, Sally Jones, James Gagg, Rick Body, Phillip Evans
INTRODUCTION: A new prognostic model has been developed and externally validated, the aim of which is to assist in the management of the blunt chest wall trauma patient in the Emergency Department (ED). A definitive randomised controlled trial (impact trial), is required to assess the clinical and cost effectiveness of the new model, before it can be accepted in clinical practice. The purpose of this trial is to assess the feasibility and acceptability of such a definitive trial and inform its design...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101436/anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-associated-with-breast-implants-a-case-report-of-a-transgender-female
#9
Matej Patzelt, Lucie Zarubova, Pavel Klener, Josef Barta, Kamila Benkova, Adrianna Brandejsova, Marek Trneny, Robert Gürlich, Andrej Sukop
Breast implant-associated anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is a rare peripheral T cell lymphoma. BIA-ALCL is a disease of the fibrous capsule surrounding the implant and occurs in patients after both breast reconstruction and augmentation. More than 300 cases have been reported so far, including two in a transgender patient. Here we describe BIA-ALCL presented with a mass in a transgender patient and the first case of BIA-ALCL in the Czech Republic. In 2007, a 33-year-old transgender male to female underwent bilateral breast augmentation as a part of his transformation to female...
November 3, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973402/2017-update-on-medical-overuse-a-systematic-review
#10
Daniel J Morgan, Sanket S Dhruva, Eric R Coon, Scott M Wright, Deborah Korenstein
Importance: Overuse of medical care is a well-recognized problem. Objective: To identify and highlight original research articles published in 2016 that are most relevant to understanding medical overuse or strategies to reduce it. Evidence Review: A structured review of English-language articles on PubMed published in 2016 coupled with examination of tables of contents of high-impact journals to identify articles related to medical overuse in adults...
January 1, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967376/a-very-early-rehabilitation-trial-after-stroke-avert-a-phase-iii-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Peter Langhorne, Olivia Wu, Helen Rodgers, Ann Ashburn, Julie Bernhardt
BACKGROUND: Mobilising patients early after stroke [early mobilisation (EM)] is thought to contribute to the beneficial effects of stroke unit care but it is poorly defined and lacks direct evidence of benefit. OBJECTIVES: We assessed the effectiveness of frequent higher dose very early mobilisation (VEM) after stroke. DESIGN: We conducted a parallel-group, single-blind, prospective randomised controlled trial with blinded end-point assessment using a web-based computer-generated stratified randomisation...
September 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877036/recovery-from-ropivacaine-induced-or-levobupivacaine-induced-cardiac-arrest-in-rats-comparison-of-lipid-emulsion-effects
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Masashi Yoshimoto, Takashi Horiguchi, Tetsu Kimura, Toshiaki Nishikawa
BACKGROUND: Lipid emulsion treatment appears to have application in the treatment of local anesthetic-induced cardiac arrest. To examine whether the efficacy of lipid resuscitation in the treatment of local anesthetic-induced cardiac arrest is affected by lipophilicity, the effects of lipid infusions were compared between levobupivacaine-induced (high lipophilicity) and ropivacaine-induced (lower lipophilicity) rat cardiac arrest model. METHODS: A total of 28 female Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized using sevoflurane, which subsequently underwent tracheostomy, followed by femoral artery and vein cannulation...
November 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759770/downward-dog-becomes-fit-body-inc-a-content-analysis-of-40-years-of-female-cover-images-of-yoga-journal
#13
Jennifer B Webb, Erin R Vinoski, Jan Warren-Findlow, Marlene I Burrell, Davina Y Putz
The present analysis investigated temporal trends in physical appearance attributes and attire worn by female cover models of Yoga Journal magazine between the years 1975-2015. Covers featuring a single female model (N=168) were coded for: pose activity, amount of body visibility, perceived body size, body shape, breast size, skin exposure, and revealing or form-fitting attire. When collapsed across all decades, the majority of cover models was actively posed with high body visibility, rated as at most low normal weight, possessed either a "thin/lean" or "skinny/boney" body shape, and were "flat-chested" or "small-breasted"...
July 28, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754530/tuberculosis-in-children-from-diagnosis-to-decision-to-treat
#14
S Ramos, R Gaio, F Ferreira, J Paulo Leal, S Martins, J Vasco Santos, I Carvalho, R Duarte
SETTING: Confirmation of tuberculosis (TB) in children is difficult, so clinicians use different procedures when deciding to treat. OBJECTIVE: Identify criteria to initiate and maintain TB treatment in children younger than 5 years-old, without diagnosis confirmation. DESIGN: A web-based survey was distributed by email to the corresponding authors of journal articles on childhood TB. The observations were clustered into disjoint groups, and analyzed by Ward's method...
July 25, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743683/cross-sectional-study-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-prevalence-among-smokers-ex-smokers-and-never-smokers-in-almaty-kazakhstan-study-protocol
#15
Almaz Sharman, Baurzhan Zhussupov, Dana Sharman, Assel Stambekova, Sattar Yeraliyev
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is significantly underdiagnosed in Kazakhstan, and there is no previously conducted study on COPD prevalence in the country. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence of COPD among individuals aged 40 to 59 years based on results of spirometry before and after bronchodilator, presence of structural changes in the lungs (emphysema, inflammatory changes, and thickening of the walls of the large and small airways) detected by computer tomography, and the symptoms of COPD...
July 25, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725962/optimal-positioning-of-the-nipple-areola-complex-in-men-using-the-mohrenheim-estimated-tangential-tracking-line-mett-line-an-intuitive-approach
#16
Tobias R Mett, Nicco Krezdorn, Rosalia Luketina, Maria K Boyce, Helga Henseler, Ramin Ipaktchi, Peter M Vogt
INTRODUCTION: The reconstruction of the body shape after post-bariatric surgery or high-grade gynecomastia involves, besides skin tightening, the repositioning of anatomical, apparent landmarks. The surgeon usually defines these during the preoperative planning. In particular, the positions of the nipple-areola complexes (NAC) should contribute to the gender-appropriate appearance. While in the female breast numerous methods have been developed to determine the optimal position of the NACs, there are only a few, metric and often impractical algorithms for positioning the nipples and areoles in the male...
July 19, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698936/creation-of-an-aesthetic-male-nipple-areolar-complex-in-female-to-male-transgender-chest-reconstruction
#17
Cori A Agarwal, Vanessa T Wall, Sagar T Mehta, Daniel P Donato, Norelle K Walzer
BACKGROUND: Female-to-male chest wall reconstruction is becoming more common, but while there is a growing body of the literature describing technique and algorithms, little detail is written on methods for creating a male appearing nipple areolar complex (NAC) from a female NAC utilizing free nipple graft techniques. Incorrect positioning of the NAC on the chest wall and suboptimal shaping and sizing of the NAC are common pitfalls in male NAC creation. METHODS: With this paper, we present techniques for nipple grafting to achieve improved male appearing NACs, as well as a simple, reproducible method for appropriate placement of the NAC relative to the borders of the pectoralis muscle...
July 11, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698337/protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomised-feasibility-study-evaluating-the-impact-of-a-prognostic-model-for-management-of-blunt-chest-wall-trauma-patients-stumbl-trial
#18
Ceri Battle, Zoe Abbott, Hayley A Hutchings, Claire O'Neill, Sam Groves, Alan Watkins, Fiona E Lecky, Sally Jones, James Gagg, Richard Body, Philip A Evans
INTRODUCTION: A new prognostic model has been developed and externally validated, the aim of which is to assist in the management of the blunt chest wall trauma patient in the emergency department (ED). A definitive randomised controlled trial (impact trial) is required to assess the clinical and cost effectiveness of the new model before it can be accepted in clinical practice. The purpose of this trial is to assess the feasibility and acceptability of such a definitive trial and inform its design...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658131/polymyalgia-rheumatica-and-giant-cell-arteritis-three-challenges-consequences-of-the-vasculitis-process-osteoporosis-and-malignancy-a-prospective-cohort-study-protocol
#19
Amir Emamifar, Søren Hess, Oke Gerke, Anne Pernille Hermann, Helle Laustrup, Per Syrak Hansen, Peter Thye-Rønn, Niels Marcussen, Frank Svendstrup, Rannveig Gildberg-Mortensen, Jacob Christian Bang, Ziba Ahangarani Farahani, Stavros Chrysidis, Pia Toftegaard, Rikke Asmussen Andreasen, Sebastian le Greves, Hanne Randi Andersen, Rudolf Nezlo Olsen, Inger Marie Jensen Hansen
INTRODUCTION: Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and giant cell arteritis (GCA) are common inflammatory conditions. The diagnosis of PMR/GCA poses many challenges since there are no specific diagnostic tests. Recent literature emphasizes the ability of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) to assess global disease activity in inflammatory diseases. 18F-FDG PET/CT may lead to the diagnosis at an earlier stage than conventional imaging and may also assess response to therapy...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643007/the-role-of-lipofilling-after-breast-reconstruction-evaluation-of-outcomes-and-patient-satisfaction-with-breast-q
#20
Annalisa Cogliandro, Mauro Barone, Stefania Tenna, Marco Morelli Coppola, Paolo Persichetti
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to measure patient satisfaction using the BREAST-Q reconstruction module in patients selected for lipofilling procedures after implant breast reconstructions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy patients who underwent breast reconstruction with or without delayed lipofilling were enrolled between 2011 and 2015, and they completed BREAST-Q surveys. We administered the questionnaire electronically 6 months and 1 year after surgery...
June 22, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
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