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Airway securement

Poonam Sagar, Arif Kavungal Nambillath, Vikas Malhotra, Ajay Raj, Abhay Anand
Extracranial carotid artery aneurysms are rare but important entity. Impending rupture of such aneurysms can lead to catastrophic hemorrhage, airway compromise and may prove fatal. The authors report a case of true aneurysm of cervical internal carotid artery in a four-year-old girl who presented with fever and swelling of neck and oropharynx. High clinical suspicion is required to differentiate aneurysm from peritonsillar and parapharyngeal abscess as incision and drainage can prove fatal. Securing airway beforehand and timely embolization has led to the favorable outcome in the present case...
March 15, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Fernando González-Magaña, Héctor Omar Malagón-Hidalgo, Eugenio García-Cano, Roberto Vilchis-López, Adriana Fentanes-Vera, Fernan-Alejandra Ayala-Ugalde
Objectives: Airway management in patients with panfacial trauma is complicated. In addition to involving facial lesions, such trauma compromises the airway, and the use of intermaxillary fixation makes it difficult to secure ventilation by usual approaches (nasotracheal or endotracheal intubation). Submental airway derivation is an alternative to tracheostomy and nasotracheal intubation, allowing a permeable airway with minimal complications in complex patients. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive, retrospective study based on a review of medical records of all patients with facial trauma from January 2003 to May 2015...
February 2018: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
Bernar Tan Wen Sheng, Patrick Wong, Constance Teo Ee Hoon
INTRODUCTION: Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis results in hoarseness, stridor and airway obstruction. Management is surgical, with most surgeons using microdebrider or laser. Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) has been successfully utilised for the excision of oropharyngeal malignancies and paediatric airway surgery. This is the first case report of TORS being used for the excision of laryngeal papillomas. CASE REPORT: A 36 year old Chinese female was diagnosed with juvenile onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis...
March 3, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Gemma Malpas, Orlando Hung, Ainslie Gilchrist, Chrison Wong, Blaine Kent, Gregory M Hirsch, Robert D Hart
While extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is an effective method of oxygenation for patients with respiratory failure, further refinement of its incorporation into airway guidelines is needed. We present a case of severe glottic stenosis from advanced thyroid carcinoma in which gas exchange was facilitated by veno-arterial ECMO prior to achieving a definitive airway. We also conducted a systematic review of the MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Web of Science databases, using the keywords "airway/ tracheal obstruction", "anesthesia", "extracorporeal", and "cardiopulmonary bypass" to identify reports where ECMO was initiated as the a priori method of oxygenation during difficult airway management...
March 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Xiao Zhu, Kelly N Evans, Areeg El-Gharbawy, Jonathan Y Lee, Jack E Brooker, Noel Jabbour, Elizabeth C Tyler-Kabara, Suneeta Madan-Khertarpal, Joseph E Losee, Jesse A Goldstein
Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS) can be associated with skeletal dysplasias, presenting with craniocervical instability and devastating spinal injury if unrecognized. The authors present the case of an infant with PRS and a type II collagenopathy who underwent multiple airway-securing procedures requiring spinal manipulation before craniocervical instability was identified. This resulted in severe cervical cord compression due to odontoid fracture and occipitoatlantoaxial instability. This case highlights the importance of early cervical spine imaging and cautious manipulation in infants with PRS and suspected skeletal dysplasia...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Lafi Olayan, Abdulaleem Alatassi, Jaimin Patel, Sherran Milton
Background: Airway management is a core clinical skill in anaesthesia. Pre-oxygenation prior to induction of anaesthesia is a standard practice to prevent desaturation. Apnoeic oxygenation in adults is effective and prolongs the time to desaturation. The effectiveness of apnoeic oxygenation in the adult is well documented; however, evidence in the paediatric is lacking. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of apnoeic oxygenation during airway management in children...
2018: Perioperative Medicine
Cyprian Mendonca, Imran Ahmad, Achuthapillai Sajayan, Rathinavel Shanmugam, Manu Sharma, Will Tosh, Emily Pallister, Peter K Kimani
Background and Aims: Emergency front of neck access (FONA) is the final step in a Can't Intubate-Can't Oxygenate (CICO) scenario. In view of maintaining simplicity and promoting standardized training, the 2015 Difficult Airway Society guidelines recommend surgical cricothyroidotomy using scalpel, bougie, and tube (SBT) as the preferred technique. Material and Methods: We undertook a survey over a 2-week period to evaluate the knowledge and training, preferred rescue technique, and confidence in performing the SBT technique...
October 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
Pejman Pourfakhr, Ailar Ahangari, Farhad Etezadi, Reza Shariat Moharari, Ayat Ahmadi, Negin Saeedi, Atabak Najafi
BACKGROUND: Nasotracheal intubation is commonly performed to provide a secure airway for the maintenance of general anesthesia in maxillofacial surgeries. Routine nasotracheal intubation is performed under general anesthesia by direct laryngoscopy, frequently with the aid of Magill forceps. This method can be time-consuming and may cause bleeding in the field of view. A gum elastic bougie (GEB) is a cheap, slender, and flexible device that could expedite nasotracheal intubation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of a GEB during nasotracheal intubation to facilitate the procedure and reduce the rate of complications...
February 2, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Philip Dawe, Andrew Kirkpatrick, Max Talbot, Andrew Beckett, Naisan Garraway, Heather Wong, Syed Morad Hameed
BACKGROUND: Damage-control and emergency surgical procedures in trauma have the potential to save lives. They may occasionally not be performed due to clinician inexperience or lack of comfort and knowledge. METHODS: Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) non-surgeon Medical Officers (MOs) participated in a live tissue training exercise. They received tele-mentoring assistance using a secure video-conferencing application on a smartphone/tablet platform. Feasibility of tele-mentored surgery was studied by measuring their effectiveness at completing a set series of tasks in this pilot study...
February 2, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Graeme Van Der Meer, Hannah Linkhorn, Maayan Gruber, Murali Mahadevan, Colin Barber
Extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma is a rare tumor, and the management of airway compromise in case of cervical Ewing's sarcoma has not been established. This report describes the case of a patient with retrotracheal Ewing's sarcoma and discusses a successful approach to airway management. A 12-year-old male presented with a 2-week history of sore throat and sleep-disordered breathing and 48 hours of stridor. Imaging confirmed a retrotracheal soft tissue mass with airway compromise. A planned and controlled approach to his airway management resulted in a secure airway prior to definitive treatment...
March 2017: Turkish Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Andreas F Mavrogenis, Vasilios G Igoumenou, Andreas Kostroglou, Kostis Kostopanagiotou, Theodosis Saranteas
Musculoskeletal trauma in the emergency setting is a challenge for orthopaedic surgeons. Life- and limb-threatening injuries of the extremities should be treated as soon as possible, since major musculoskeletal trauma can be the cause of significant bleeding. However, musculoskeletal trauma is often related to thoracic trauma. Management of the former should be performed only after patient's airway is maintained and breathing is secured with appropriate pain monitoring and management by expert anesthesiologists...
January 23, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Chen-Shuan Chung, Kuan-Chih Chen, Yueh-Hung Chou, Kuo-Hsin Chen
A 28-year-old man presented with anemia symptoms and intermittent tarry stool passage for three days. No stigmata of hemorrhage were identified using esophagogastroduodenoscopy, ileocolonoscopy, and contrast-enhanced computed tomography. He then developed massive tarry stool passage with profound hypovolemic shock and hypoxic respiratory failure. Emergent angiography revealed active bleeder, probably from the jejunal branches of the superior mesenteric artery, but embolization was not performed due to possible subsequent extensive bowel ischemia...
January 7, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Abigail Elizabeth Cole, Daniel Heaton, Ahmed Chekairi
Laryngeal tuberculosis (TB) is a rare condition, occurring in less than 1% of patients infected with pulmonary TB. We present a case of a 57-year-old male patient, who presented in extremis with audible stridor, increased work of breathing and cyanosis. In addition, the patient had a complex medical history, including a recent diagnosis of congenital malformation of the epiglottis. Emergency intervention was required to secure the airway, and after initial attempts at intubation were unsuccessful, an emergency tracheostomy was performed...
January 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
P Biro, E Fried, M Schlaepfer, M S Kristensen
This single-centre, prospective trial was designed to assess the efficacy of a new retrograde transillumination device called the 'Infrared Red Intubation System' (IRRIS) to aid videolaryngoscopic tracheal intubation. We included 40 adult patients, who were undergoing elective urological surgery under general anaesthesia. We assessed the ability to differentiate the transilluminated glottis from other structures and found a median (IQR [range]) larynx recognition time of 8 (5-14 [3-28]) s. The difference in laryngeal visibility on the screen between the deactivated vs...
January 18, 2018: Anaesthesia
Mariya E Skube, Seth Witthuhn, Kristine Mulier, Bonnie Boucher, Elizabeth Lusczek, Greg J Beilman
BACKGROUND: The quality of prehospital care impacts patient outcomes. Military efforts have focused on training revision and the creation of high fidelity simulation models to address potentially survivable injuries. We sought to investigate the applicability of models emphasizing hemorrhage control and airway management to a civilian population. METHODS: Prehospital healthcare providers (PHPs) undergoing their annual training were enrolled. A trauma scenario was simulated with two modules: hemorrhage control and airway management...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Divya Jain, Swati Mehta, Komal Gandhi, Suman Arora, Badal Parikh, Muneer Abas
BACKGROUND: Endotracheal intubation in lateral position in infants is a challenge. This difficulty may be surmounted to some extent by using videolaryngoscopes but the routine use of these devices as a tool to secure the airway in lateral position remains unevaluated. Therefore, we conducted a prospective, randomized controlled trial to compare the intubation conditions achieved with the CMAC videolaryngoscope and the Miller Laryngoscope in lateral position in infants. We hypothesized that CMAC videolaryngoscope would provide a better laryngoscopic view and reduce the time to intubation compared to the Miller blade...
January 9, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Harpreet Kaur, Amar Parkash Kataria, Magila Muthuramalingapandian, Harjinder Kaur
Patients with large goiters pose a great challenge to the anesthesiologist regarding securing the airway without compromising the safety of the patient. The technique of intubation depends on the choice and expertise of anesthesiologist. Awake fiberoptic intubation (AFOI) is the preferred technique. We present the case of large multinodular goiter with difficult airway in which AFOI was successfully used to secure the airway. Proper assessment, planning, and preparation for airway management should be done preoperatively to ensure patient safety...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Vanilla Chopra, Nandita Mehta, Mohd Reidwan Dar
Enlarged thyroid gland with retrosternal extension has an increased incidence of difficult intubation, and it poses real airway challenge for the anesthesiologists. Here, we present a case of successful management of a difficult airway in a female patient of enlarged thyroid gland, planned for open reduction and internal fixation of the upper end of humerus. Endotracheal intubation was achieved after deliberate insertion of an endotracheal tube in esophagus. The patient was extubated over a ventilating bougie, with uneventful postoperative course...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Manohar Panneer, Saravana Babu, Prakash Murugaiyan
Background and Aim: Physiological changes during pregnancy and the sympatho adrenalstimulation during larynoscopy and intubation leads to evaluation of safe devices to secure airway during cesarean section under general anesthesia. I-gel, recently emerging effective supra glottic device found safe during general anesthesia in cesarean section. Aim of the study is to compare the hemodynamic disturbances and airway related complications of I-gel and Endotracheal tube in patients undergoing cesarean section under general anesthesia...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Joginder Pal Attri, Manjit Singh, Hemchandra Bhatt, Kamal Jyoti, Harjinder Kaur
Introduction: The availability of rapid and short-acting intravenous and volatile anesthetics has facilitated early recovery that is why nowadays ambulatory surgery is becoming more common. If the criteria used to discharge patients from the Postanesthesia Care Unit (PACU) are met in the operating room (OR), it would be appropriate to consider bypassing the PACU and transferring the patient directly to the step-down unit. This process is known as "fast-tracking" after ambulatory surgery...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
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