keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Turmeric

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814952/regulative-effects-of-curcumin-spice-administration-on-gut-microbiota-and-its-pharmacological-implications
#1
Liang Shen, Lu Liu, Hong-Fang Ji
Curcumin, the major active component of turmeric (Curcuma longa), is widely used as a spice and food-coloring agent, and also exhibits multiple biological activities. However, as curcumin has poor systemic bioavailability its pharmacology remains to be elucidated. Owing to the high concentration of curcumin in the gastrointestinal tract after oral administration, we hypothesize that it may exert regulative effects on the gut microbiota. We investigated the regulative effects of oral curcumin administration on the gut microbiota of C57BL/6 mice and found that curcumin significantly affected the abundance of several representative families in gut microbial communities, including Prevotellaceae, Bacteroidaceae, and Rikenellaceae...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802718/curcumin-ameliorates-cardiac-dysfunction-induced-by-mechanical-trauma
#2
Xintao Li, Tingting Cao, Shuo Ma, Zehao Jing, Yue Bi, Jicheng Zhou, Chong Chen, Deqin Yu, Liang Zhu, Shuzhuang Li
Curcumin, a phytochemical component derived from turmeric (Carcuma longa), has been extensively investigated because of its anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative properties. Inflammation and oxidative stress play critical roles in posttraumatic cardiomyocyte apoptosis, which contributes to secondary cardiac dysfunction. This research was designed to identify the protective effect of curcumin on posttraumatic cardiac dysfunction and investigate its underlying mechanism. Noble-Collip drum was used to prepare a mechanical trauma (MT) model of rats, and the hemodynamic responses of traumatised rats were observed by ventricular intubation 12h after trauma...
August 9, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801864/isolation-and-characterization-of-iron-chelators-from-turmeric-curcuma-longa-selective-metal-binding-by-curcuminoids
#3
Donald J Messner, Christine Surrago, Celia Fiordalisi, Wing Yin Chung, Kris V Kowdley
Iron overload disorders may be treated by chelation therapy. This study describes a novel method for isolating iron chelators from complex mixtures including plant extracts. We demonstrate the one-step isolation of curcuminoids from turmeric, the medicinal food spice derived from Curcuma longa. The method uses iron-nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA)-agarose, to which curcumin binds rapidly, specifically, and reversibly. Curcumin, demethoxycurcumin, and bisdemethoxycurcumin each bound iron-NTA-agarose with comparable affinities and a stoichiometry near 1...
August 11, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796310/turmeric-extract-rescues-ethanol-induced-developmental-defect-in-the-zebrafish-model-for-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-fasd
#4
Pooja Muralidharan, Craig T Connors, Arooj S Mohammed, Swapnalee Sarmah, Kathleen Marrs, James A Marrs, Grady W Chism
Prenatal ethanol exposure causes the most frequent preventable birth disorder, fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). The effect of turmeric extracts in rescuing an ethanol-induced developmental defect using zebrafish as a model was determined. Ethanol-induced oxidative stress is one of the major mechanisms underlying FASD. We hypothesize that antioxidant inducing properties of turmeric may alleviate ethanol-induced defects. Curcuminoid content of the turmeric powder extract (5 mg/mL turmeric in ethanol) was determined by UPLC and found to contain Curcumin (124...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792522/biochemical-characterization-and-anti-inflammatory-properties-of-an-isothiocyanate-enriched-moringa-moringa-oleifera-seed-extract
#5
Asha Jaja-Chimedza, Brittany L Graf, Charlotte Simmler, Youjin Kim, Peter Kuhn, Guido F Pauli, Ilya Raskin
Moringa oleifera Lam. is a tropical plant, used for centuries as food and traditional medicine. The aim of this study was to develop, validate and biochemically characterize an isothiocyanate-enriched moringa seed extract (MSE), and to compare the anti-inflammatory effects of MSE-containing moringa isothiocyanate-1 (MIC-1) with a curcuminoid-enriched turmeric extract (CTE), and a material further enriched in its primary phytochemical, curcumin (curcumin-enriched material; CEM). MSE was prepared by incubating ground moringa seeds with water to allow myrosinase-catalyzed enzymatic formation of bioactive MIC-1, the predominant isothiocyanate in moringa seeds...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771714/multifunctional-curcumin-mediate-multitherapeutic-effects
#6
Adeeb Shehzad, Munibah Qureshi, Muhammad Nabeel Anwar, Young Sup Lee
Inflammation can promote the development of arthritis, obesity, cardiovascular, type II diabetes, pancreatitis, metabolic and neurodegenerative diseases, and certain types of cancer. Compounds isolated from plants have been practiced since ancient times for curing various ailments including inflammatory disorders and to support normal physiological functions. Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) is a yellow coloring agent, extracted from turmeric that has been used for the prevention and treatment of various inflammatory diseases...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768930/curcumin-inhibits-chondrocyte-hypertrophy-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-through-ihh-and-notch-signaling-pathways
#7
Zhen Cao, Ce Dou, Shiwu Dong
Using tissue engineering technique to repair cartilage damage caused by osteoarthritis is a promising strategy. However, the regenerated tissue usually is fibrous cartilage, which has poor mechanical characteristics compared to hyaline cartilage. Chondrocyte hypertrophy plays an important role in this process. Thus, it is very important to find out a suitable way to maintain the phenotype of chondrocytes and inhibit chondrocyte hypertrophy. Curcumin deriving from turmeric was reported with anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor pharmacological effects...
2017: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764078/application-of-chemometrics-in-quality-control-of-turmeric-curcuma-longa-based-on-ultra-violet-fourier-transform-infrared-and-1-h-nmr-spectroscopy
#8
Haidy A Gad, Amel Bouzabata
Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) belongs to the family Zingiberaceae that is widely used as a spice in food preparations in addition to its biological activities. UV, FT-IR, (1)H NMR in addition to HPLC were applied to construct a metabolic fingerprint for Turmeric in an attempt to assess its quality. 30 samples were analyzed, and then principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical clustering analysis (HCA) were utilized to assess the differences and similarities between collected samples. PCA score plot based on both HPLC and UV spectroscopy showed the same discriminatory pattern, where the samples were segregated into four main groups depending on their total curcuminoids content...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764063/hard-cap-espresso-extraction-and-liquid-chromatography-determination-of-bioactive-compounds-in-vegetables-and-spices
#9
María Teresa Martinez-Sena, Miguel de la Guardia, Francesc A Esteve-Turrillas, Sergio Armenta
A new analytical procedure, based on liquid chromatography with diode array and fluorescence detection, has been proposed for the determination of bioactive compounds in vegetables and spices after hard cap espresso extraction. This novel extraction system has been tested for the determination of capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin from fresh chilli and sweet pepper, piperine from ground pepper, curcumin from turmeric and curry, and myristicin from nutmeg. Extraction efficiency was evaluated by using acetonitrile:water and ethanol:water mixtures...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761413/curcuma-longa-l-extract-improves-the-cortical-neural-connectivity-during-the-aging-process
#10
REVIEW
Gonzalo Flores
Turmeric or Curcuma is a natural product that has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anti-apoptotic pharmacological properties. It can be used in the control of the aging process that involves oxidative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis. Aging is a physiological process that affects higher cortical and cognitive functions with a reduction in learning and memory, limited judgment and deficits in emotional control and social behavior. Moreover, aging is a major risk factor for the appearance of several disorders such as cerebrovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension...
June 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754004/synergistic-interplay-between-curcumin-and-polyphenol-rich-foods-in-the-mediterranean-diet-therapeutic-prospects-for-neurofibromatosis-1-patients
#11
Teresa Esposito, Carla Schettino, Paola Polverino, Salvatore Allocca, Laura Adelfi, Alessandra D'Amico, Guglielmo Capaldo, Bruno Varriale, Anna Di Salle, Gianfranco Peluso, Giuseppe Sorrentino, Giacomo Lus, Simone Sampaolo, Giuseppe Di Iorio, Mariarosa Anna Beatrice Melone
Neurofibromas are the hallmark lesions in Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1); these tumors are classified as cutaneous, subcutaneous and plexiform. In contrast to cutaneous and subcutaneous neurofibromas, plexiform neurofibromas can grow quickly and progress to malignancy. Curcumin, a turmeric-derived polyphenol, has been shown to interact with several molecular targets implicated in carcinogenesis. Here, we describe the impact of different dietary patterns, namely Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) compared to the Western diet (WesDiet), both with or without curcumin, on NF1 patients' health...
July 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734960/pharmacokinetic-interactions-of-curcuminoids-with-conventional-drugs-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Roodabeh Bahramsoltani, Roja Rahimi, Mohammad Hosein Farzaei
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Herb-drug interactions are of great concern in health practices. Curcumin is a natural polyphenol extracted from turmeric, a spice widely used all over the world. Curcumin is clinically used due to its acceptable safety profile and therapeutic efficacy. AIM OF THE STUDY: Current paper aims to highlight the effect of curcumin on concomitantly used drugs. METHODS: Electronic databases including PubMed, Scopus and Science Direct were searched with the keywords "curcumin" in the title/abstract and "drug interaction," "drug metabolism," "cytochrome," "P-glycoprotein" and "P450" in the whole text...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733234/curcumin-a-component-of-turmeric-efficiently-prevents-diclofenac-sodium-induced-gastroenteropathic-damage-in-rats-a-step-towards-translational-medicine
#13
Devendra Pratap Singh, Swapnil P Borse, Rita Rana, Manish Nivsarkar
There is a need to find/discover novel leads to treat complex and/or multi-factorial disease(s). Curcumin (CUR) is one of the promising lead molecules which need its further evaluation against NSAID-induced gastroenteropathy. Hence, the aim of the present study was to explore the pharmaco-mechanistic efficacy of CUR against NSAID-induced gastroenteropathy. Rats were treated twice daily with CUR (25, 50 and 100 mg kg(-1) peroral) or vehicle for 10 days. In some experiments, diclofenac sodium (DIC; 9 mg kg(-1)) was administered orally twice daily for the final 5 days of CUR/vehicle administration...
July 18, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733192/pharmacological-evaluation-of-phytochemicals-from-south-indian-black-turmeric-curcuma-caesia-roxb-to-target-cancer-apoptosis
#14
K S Mukunthan, R S Satyan, T N Patel
Curcuma caesia Roxb. (Black turmeric), a perennial herb of the family Zingiberaceae is indigenous to India. C. caesia is used as a spice, food preservative and coloring agent commonly in the Indian subcontinent. Functional parametric pharmacological evaluations like drug ability and toxicity profile of this endangered species is poorly documented. In our present study, among all the extracts of dried C. caesia rhizome viz- hexane, ethyl acetate, methanol and water tested for free radical scavenging capacity by total antioxidant activity (TAO) method, Hexane Rhizome Extract (HRE) was found to possess remarkable activity (1200mg ascorbic acid equivalent/100g)...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731780/evaluation-of-turmeric-chip-compared-with-chlorhexidine-chip-as-a-local-drug-delivery-agent-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-periodontitis-a-split-mouth-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#15
Abhilasha Singh, Raja Sridhar, Ravi Shrihatti, Akash Mandloy
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the effect of chlorhexidine (CHX) chip and turmeric chip as a local drug delivery (LDD) agent in the treatment of patients with chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 120 sites with pocket depths 5-8 mm were chosen as a split mouth design at 3 sites in the same patient. Selected sites were randomly divided into three groups to receive CHX chip in addition to scaling and root planing (SRP) in group A, turmeric chip in addition to SRP in group B, and SRP only in group C...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724858/antibacterial-effect-of-azadirachta-indica-neem-or-curcuma-longa-turmeric-against-enterococcus-faecalis-compared-with-that-of-5-sodium-hypochlorite-or-2-chlorhexidine-in-vitro
#16
Dakshita Joy Sinha, Kanwar D S Nandha, Natasha Jaiswal, Agrima Vasudeva, Shashi Prabha Tyagi, Udai Pratap Singh
The purpose of this study was to compare the antibacterial properties of Azadirachta indica (neem) or Curcuma longa (turmeric) against Enterococcus faecalis with those of 5% sodium hypochlorite or 2% chlorhexidine as root canal irrigants in vitro. The activity of neem, chlorhexidine, sodium hypochlorite, or turmeric against E. faecalis was measured on agar plates using the agar diffusion method. The tube dilution method was used to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of the irrigants used...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713372/nanoparticle-formulated-curcumin-prevents-posttherapeutic-disease-reactivation-and-reinfection-with-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-following-isoniazid-therapy
#17
Sultan Tousif, Dhiraj Kumar Singh, Sitabja Mukherjee, Shaheer Ahmad, Rakesh Arya, Ranjan Nanda, Anand Ranganathan, Maitree Bhattacharyya, Luc Van Kaer, Santosh K Kar, Gobardhan Das
Curcumin, the bioactive component of turmeric also known as "Indian Yellow Gold," exhibits therapeutic efficacy against several chronic inflammatory and infectious diseases. Even though considered as a wonder drug pertaining to a myriad of reported benefits, the translational potential of curcumin is limited by its low systemic bioavailability due to its poor intestinal absorption, rapid metabolism, and rapid systemic elimination. Therefore, the translational potential of this compound is specifically challenged by bioavailability issues, and several laboratories are making efforts to improve its bioavailability...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707614/determination-of-curcuminoids-in-turmeric-raw-materials-and-dietary-supplements-by-hplc-single-laboratory-validation-first-action-2016-16
#18
Elizabeth M Mudge, Paula N Brown
The AOAC Expert Review Panel (ERP) approved a method for the quantitation of curcuminoids for consideration for First Action Official Method(SM) status. The previously published method summarized a single-laboratory validation of three individual curcuminoinds—curcumin, demethoxycurcumin, and bis-demethoxycurcumin—in raw materials and finished products. Method performance was compared with AOAC Standard Method Performance Requirement 2016.003. With repeatability precision ranging from 0.3 to 5.5% and recoveries from 96...
July 13, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706760/bactericidal-effect-of-different-anti-microbial-agents-on-fusobacterium-nucleatum-biofilm
#19
Rupa Ashok, Arathi Ganesh, Kandaswamy Deivanayagam
INTRODUCTION: The root canal anatomy of the teeth is very complex. Complete debridement of the root canals is a challenge and is very important for the success of the root canal treatment. Hence, this study was done to find an effective irrigant which can be used during root canal treatment. OBJECTIVE: The bactericidal effect of a potential root canal irrigant was compared with two commonly used root canal irrigants against monoculture biofilm of a commercially available isolate of Fusobacterium nucleatum...
June 11, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705118/curcumin-inhibits-bladder-cancer-progression-via-regulation-of-%C3%AE-catenin-expression
#20
Jing Shi, Yunpeng Wang, Zhuomin Jia, Yu Gao, Chaofei Zhao, Yuanxin Yao
Bladder cancer has a considerable morbidity and mortality impact with particularly poor prognosis. Curcumin has been recently noticed as a polyphenolic compound separated from turmeric to regulate tumor progression. However, the precise molecular mechanism by which curcumin inhibits the invasion and metastasis of bladder cancer cells is not fully elucidated. In this study, we investigate the effect of curcumin on the bladder cancer as well as possible mechanisms of curcumin. The expression of β-catenin was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemical analysis in a series of bladder cancer tissues...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
keyword
keyword
10763
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"