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G Borreani, E Tabacco, R J Schmidt, B J Holmes, R E Muck
An overview was made of dry matter (DM) and quality losses that occur during the ensiling process from the field through the feeding phase. The aim was to review the relevant published literature of the last 15 yr focusing on developments achieved after the publication of the book Silage Science and Technology. This review discusses the factors affecting DM and quality losses in terms of field and pre-ensiling conditions, respiration and temperature at ensiling, fermentation patterns, methods of covering and weighting the silage cover, and management of aerobic deterioration...
May 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Maria Trent, Jenell S Coleman, Justin Hardick, Jamie Perin, Lisa Tabacco, Steven Huettner, Jocelyn Ronda, Rebecca Felter-Wernsdorfer, Charlotte A Gaydos
OBJECTIVE: Research exploring the clinical and sexual risk correlates is essential to define universal standards for screening and management for Mycoplasma genitalium (MG). The objective of this study is to determine the baseline prevalence of MG and associated clinical risks using cross-sectional data. METHODS: Adolescent and young adult women 13-29 years were recruited during clinical visits during which biological specimens were collected for Neisseriagonorrhoeae (NG) and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) testing to provide vaginal specimens for MG and Trichomonasvaginalis (TV) testing...
March 29, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
R Cesareo, A M Naciu, M Iozzino, V Pasqualini, C Simeoni, A Casini, G Campagna, S Manfrini, G Tabacco, A Palermo
CONTEXT: No defined pre-treatment factors are able to predict the response to radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of an autonomously functioning thyroid nodule (AFTN). OBJECTIVE: Primary endpoint was to evaluate the success rate of RFA to restore euthyroidism in a cohort of adult patients with small solitary AFTN compared with medium-sized nodules. Secondary endpoints included nodule volume reduction and rate of conversion from hot nodules to cold using scintiscan. METHODS: This was a 24-month prospective monocentric open parallel-group trial...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Hyperthermia
Andrea Palermo, Marco Fosca, Gaia Tabacco, Federico Marini, Valerio Graziani, Maria Carla Santarsia, Filippo Longo, Angelo Lauria, Roberto Cesareo, Isabella Giovannoni, Chiara Taffon, Massimiliano Rocchia, Silvia Manfrini, Pierfilippo Crucitti, Paolo Pozzilli, Anna Crescenzi, Julietta V Rau
Primary hyperparathyroidism is an endocrine disorder characterized by autonomous production of parathyroid hormone. Patients with the symptomatic disease should be referred for parathyroidectomy. However, the distinction between the pathological condition and the benign one is very challenging in the surgical setting; therefore, accurate recognition is important to ensure success during minimally invasive surgery. At present, all intraoperative techniques significantly increase surgical time and, consequently, cost...
January 2, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Silvia I Briganti, Gianluigi Gaspa, Gaia Tabacco, Anda M Naciu, Roberto Cesareo, Silvia Manfrini, Andrea Palermo
In humans, irisin is produced mainly by skeletal muscle in response to physical activity. It has been demonstrated that irisin plays a pivotal role in inducing fat browning and regulating energy expenditure. New findings from various studies conducted in both animals and humans suggest that irisin can affect bone and glucose metabolism. In particular, irisin is able to increase bone cortical mass by stimulating the osteoblast pathways, and irisin levels are inversely correlated with the incidence of fragility fractures among postmenopausal women affected by osteoporosis...
November 20, 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
S De Carolis, S Tabacco, F Rizzo, G Perrone, C Garufi, A Botta, S Salvi, P Benedetti Panici, A Lanzone
The present study investigated: (a) the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies and (b) the obstetric outcome in healthy pregnant women showing false-positive TORCH-Toxoplasmosis, Other: syphilis, varicella-zoster, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus (CMV), and Herpes infections-results. Data from 23 singleton healthy pregnancies with false-positive TORCH results were collected. Each woman was systematically screened for TORCH IgG and IgM during the pre-conception assessment and/or at the beginning of pregnancy. In the presence of IgM positivity, when indicated (CMV, toxoplasmosis, rubella, herpes simplex virus), IgG avidity was evaluated and, if possible, polymerase chain reaction was performed on an amniotic fluid sample in order to distinguish between primary infection or false positivity...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
Andrea Palermo, Assunta Santonati, Gaia Tabacco, Daniela Bosco, Antonio Spada, Claudio Pedone, Bruno Raggiunti, Tina Doris, Daria Maggi, Franco Grimaldi, Silvia Manfrini, Fabio Vescini
Context: Daily parathyroid hormone (PTH) (1-34) administrations can reduce the required total daily dose of calcium and calcitriol and restore normocalcemia in refractory hypoparathyroidism. However, most PTH(1-34) trials have been conducted on small cohorts including subjects with hypoparathyroidism of various etiologies, and quality of life (QOL) was not investigated. Objective: To investigate the effects of 24-month PTH(1-34) treatment in a homogeneous cohort of adult subjects with postoperative hypoparathyroidism and to evaluate QOL changes...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Pierfrancesco Fusco, Vincenza Cofini, Emiliano Petrucci, Paolo Scimia, Maurizio Fiorenzi, Giuseppe Paladini, Astrid U Behr, Battista Borghi, Stefano Flamini, Renzo Pizzoferrato, Olivo Colafarina, Alexander Di Francesco, Tito Tabacco, Stefano Necozione, Franco Marinangeli
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty is one of the most common procedures in orthopedic surgery. We hypothesized that local infiltration of analgesia and continuous wound infusion of anesthetics in the first 72 hours after surgery could provide more effective postoperative analgesia with better rehabilitation. METHODS: A double-blind, randomized, controlled study was conducted with 96 patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty. The patients were randomized to receive either a local infiltration analgesia and continuous wound infusion of anesthetics or a local infiltration analgesia and continuous wound infusion of saline solution...
May 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
M Coppa, A Revello-Chion, D Giaccone, E Tabacco, G Borreani
The aims of this work were (1) to develop prediction equations from mid-infrared spectroscopy (MIRS) to establish a detailed fatty acid (FA) composition of milk; (2) to propose a milk FA index, utilizing MIRS-developed equations, in which the precision of the FA-prediction equations is taken into account to increase the value of milk; and (3) to show application examples. A total of 651 bulk cow milk samples were collected from 245 commercial farms in northwest Italy. The results of the 651 gas chromatography analyses were used to establish (421 samples) and to validate (230 samples) the outcomes of the FA composition prediction that had been obtained by MIRS...
November 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
Lucie Salomon du Mont, Betty Leclerc, Marie-Catherine Morgant, Guillaume Besch, Aline Laubriet, Eric Steinmetz, Simon Rinckenbach
BACKGROUND: Despite current progress, the prognosis of critical limb ischemia (CLI) remains poor. The ageing of the population, the increasing prevalence of diabetes mellitus, and the stability of tobacco use will increase the prevalence of CLI. CLI patients have risk factors for malnutrition, and the impact of malnutrition on morbidity and mortality has been demonstrated in the general population. However, we have little information on the consequences of undernutrition in the CLI population...
May 8, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Roberto Cesareo, Anda Mihaela Naciu, Valerio Pasqualini, Giuseppe Pelle, Silvia Manfrini, Gaia Tabacco, Angelo Lauria Pantano, Alessandro Casini, Roberto Cianni, Andrea Palermo
Percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) is a technique used only for benign thyroid nodules, cystic or mixed cystic-solid with a large fluid component. It is a quite low-cost, safe, and outpatient method of treatment. Rare and severe complications have been described after PEI: jugular vein thrombosis and severe ethanol toxic necrosis of the larynx combined with necrotic dermatitis. Moreover, only four thyrotoxicosis cases due to Graves' disease have been reported. We report a case of 58-year-old female with a voluminous thyroid cystic nodule, occupying almost the entire left thyroid lobe...
2017: Case Reports in Endocrinology
N V Zakharchuk, V A Nevzorova, V M Chertok, N S Sarafanova
AIM: To study an effect of chronic smoking on cerebral hemodynamics and cerebrovascular reactivity in different segments of the arterial system of the brain in men. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Male patients enrolled in the study were divided into two groups: controls (n=11) and smokers (n=24) with index 30.7 pack-year smoking history. Haemorheological parameters: viscosity of blood, aggregation of erythrocytes, hematocrit, fibrinogen were evaluated in both groups. Using carotid duplex ultrasound (MyLab 50 Esaote, Italy), intima-media thickness (IMT) of common carotid arteries (CCA) was measured...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Benedicta Tabacco, Claudio Tacconi, Angela Amigoni
BACKGROUND: Admission in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit requires management and monitoring of analgesia and sedation, in order to reduce their adverse effects, and to prevent withdrawal syndrome and delirium. The aim of this study was to evaluate the management of analgesia and sedation in critically ill children admitted in the Italian Pediatric Intensive Care Units. METHODS: For this survey we have submitted a telematics questionnaire to 24 nursing coordinators of the Pediatric Intensive Care Units or Neonatal Intensive Care Units admitting critically ill children...
October 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
Roberto Cesareo, Anda Naciu, Antonio Barberi, Valerio Pasqualini, Giuseppe Pelle, Silvia Manfrini, Gaia Tabacco, Angelo Lauria Pantano, Giuseppe Campagna, Roberto Cianni, Andrea Palermo
INTRODUCTION: Fine needle aspiration (FNA) is the most accurate and cost-effective method for evaluating thyroid nodules. We have reported a rare complication related to the procedure: severe retropharyngeal cellulitis. CASE PRESENTATION: A thirty-five-year-old female was admitted to hospital with hoarseness, laryngeal stridor and dyspnea without fever that emerged about 3 days after a first diagnostic FNA. After the procedure, the patient felt her voice became hoarse and 1 day before presentation began to have dyspnea, without fever...
October 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Andrea Palermo, Giuseppe Mangiameli, Gaia Tabacco, Filippo Longo, Claudio Pedone, Silvia Irina Briganti, Daria Maggi, Fabio Vescini, Anda Naciu, Angelo Lauria Pantano, Nicola Napoli, Silvia Angeletti, Paolo Pozzilli, Pierfilippo Crucitti, Silvia Manfrini
CONTEXT: There are no studies evaluating teriparatide for prevention of post-thyroidectomy hypocalcemia. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate whether teriparatide can prevent postsurgical hypocalcemia and shorten the hospitalization in subjects at high risk of hypocalcemia following thyroid surgery. DESIGN: This was a prospective phase II randomized open-label trial. SETTING: This trial was set on a surgical ward...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
D M Nucera, M A Grassi, P Morra, S Piano, E Tabacco, G Borreani
Anaerobiosis, critical for successful ensilage, constitutes a challenge in baled silages. The loss of complete anaerobiosis causes aerobic deterioration and silages undergo dry matter and nutrient losses, pathogen growth, and mycotoxin production. Silage may represent an ideal substrate for Listeria monocytogenes, a pathogen of primary concern in several cheeses. The aim of this research was to investigate the occurrence of Listeria in baled silage fed to cows producing milk for a protected designation of origin cheese, and to characterize isolates by repetitive sequence-based PCR...
August 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Bing He, Zhu-jun Han, Gang Xue, Xue-xia Xing, Xiao-jing Xu, Shi-xiao Xu, Xiao-quan Zhang, Tie-zhao Yang
Tabacco (Nicotiana tabacum) has a relatively high requirement for potassium (K). The difference in root characteristics and ability to release K from minerals of flue-cured tobacco in four genotypes ND202, NC628, G28 and NC628 x ND202 were analyzed. The results showed that the more available K released from minerals by roots, the more K would be accumulated by plants. ND202, which was K-enriched genotype, had well developed root system and was easily influenced by K content in the environment. Compared with ND202, NC628 significantly enhanced the effectiveness of K in substrate by releasing K from minerals, though the ability to absorb K was weak...
November 2015: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Alejandro B Pais, Pablo Candarle, Marisol Ferrer, Alejandro Costaguta, Omar Tabacco
Colorectal adenocarcinoma is exceptional in children, generally diagnosed in advanced stages, with worse prognosis. We report the case of a 5 year old girl with isolated hematochezia lasting two months without other findings, in whom a colorectal adenocarcinoma was confirmed by colonoscopy. Staging revealed localized disease, extending to perisigmoid fat and a few adjacent ganglia. She was treated by laparoscopic resection and adjuvant chemotherapy, being free of disease at 21 moths of follow-up.
December 1, 2015: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
María del C Toca, Patricia Sosa, Gustavo Aprigliano, Raquel Furnes, Silvia Marchisone, Mabel Mora, Marina Orsi, Graciela Saieg, Omar Tabacco, Marta Wagener
Healthy infants during the first year of life often have multiple functional gastrointestinal symptoms such as colic, regurgitation and constipation. The usual fuzziness and/or crying at this stage of life is interpreted as digestive discomfort or pain, and the corresponding concerns result in unsuitable behaviors as overeating, interruption of breastfeeding, multiple changes of formulas, innumerable queries and unnecessary medications. The aim of this paper is to update knowledge on the pathophysiology of the most common functional gastrointestinal dis orders, in order to avoid over diagnosis and select the most appropriate therapeutic approach and convenient nutritional interventions...
December 1, 2015: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
D Spadaro, M P Bustos-Lopez, M L Gullino, S Piano, E Tabacco, G Borreani
AIMS: To identify cultivable filamentous fungi before ensiling, after silage conservation, in farm-silos covered with two different plastic films (polyethylene (PE) vs biodegradable (MB)), as well as after aerobic exposure of whole-crop corn silage. METHODS AND RESULTS: Molecular techniques coupled with traditional microbial counting were utilized to identify the predominant fungal species. The cultivable fungal population changed remarkably from harvesting to silo opening...
August 2015: Journal of Applied Microbiology
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