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Qiuheng Zhang, Michelle Hickey, Diana Drogalis-Kim, Ying Zheng, David Gjertson, Martin Cadeiras, Tam Khuu, Arnold S Baas, Eugene C Depasquale, Nancy J Halnon, Gregory Perens, Juan Alejos, Daniel Cruz, Nsair Ali, Richard Shemin, Murray Kwon, Michael C Fishbein, Abbas Ardehali, Mario Deng, Elaine F Reed
BACKGROUND: Donor specific HLA antibodies (DSA) are associated with increased rates of rejection and of graft failure in cardiac transplantation. The goal of this study was to determine the association of preformed and posttransplant development of newly detected DSA (ndDSA) with antibody mediated rejection (AMR) and characterize the clinical relevance of complement activating DSA in heart allograft recipients. METHODS: The study included 128 adult and 48 pediatric heart transplant patients transplanted between 2010 to 2013...
June 18, 2018: Transplantation
Mohamed Bessat, Amr Fadel
Amyloodinium ocellatum, the causative agent of amyloodiniosis (marine velvet, velvet disease), affects marine and brackish fish in various warm and temperate habitats. We recorded disease outbreaks with high morbidity and mortality rates in marine-cultured European seabass Dicentrarchus labrax fry at 2 locations in northwest Egypt. The sudden outbreak, high morbidity and mortality rates, and skin lesions with a velvety appearance in affected fish all indicated A. ocellatum infection. This was further confirmed by microscopic findings of the parasitic stage (trophonts) in skin and gill smears...
June 19, 2018: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
Sara M Pires, Ana Sofia Duarte, Tine Hald
Source attribution and microbial risk assessment methods have been widely applied for the control of several foodborne pathogens worldwide by identifying (i) the most important pathogen sources and (ii) the risk represented by specific foods and the critical points in these foods' production chains for microbial control. Such evidence has proved crucial for risk managers to identify and prioritize effective food safety and public health strategies. In the context of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) from livestock and pets, the utility of these methods is recognized, but a number of challenges have largely prevented their application and routine use...
May 2018: Microbiology Spectrum
Amr Idris, Syed Raza Shah, Ki Park
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a rare cardiovascular disease that predisposes to ventricular arrhythmias potentially leading to sudden cardiac death (SCD). ARVC varies considerably with multiple clinical presentations, ranging from no symptoms to cardiac arrhythmias to SCD. ARVC prevalence is not well known, but the estimated prevalence in the general population is 1:5000. Diagnosis of ARVC can be made by using the Revised European Society of Cardiology criteria for ARVC that includes ventricular structural and functional changes, ECG abnormalities, arrhythmias, family and genetic factors...
2018: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Nurudeen Olalekan Oloso, Shamsudeen Fagbo, Musa Garbati, Steve O Olonitola, Emmanuel Jolaoluwa Awosanya, Mabel Kamweli Aworh, Helen Adamu, Ismail Ayoade Odetokun, Folorunso Oludayo Fasina
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has emerged as a global health threat, which has elicited a high-level political declaration at the United Nations General Assembly, 2016. In response, member countries agreed to pay greater attention to the surveillance and implementation of antimicrobial stewardship. The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control called for a review of AMR in Nigeria using a “One Health approach”. As anecdotal evidence suggests that food animal health and production rely heavily on antimicrobials, it becomes imperative to understand AMR trends in food animals and the environment...
June 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Ahmed Mohammed Ismail, Said M Abdou, Amira Y Abdelnaby, Mennat Allah Hamdy, Ayman A El Saka, Amr Gawaly
BACKGROUND: Up till now, there is no satisfactory treatment for lymphedema. The aim of this study is to evaluate stem cell therapy in lymphedema. METHODS AND RESULTS: This prospective randomized study includes 40 patients with chronic lymphedema divided randomly into two groups: group I (stem cell therapy group) and group II (control group). In group I, bone marrow was aspirated and mononuclear cells were separated and then transplanted into the patients. In group II, patients compression therapy alone was applied...
June 2018: Lymphatic Research and Biology
Amr El-Demerdash, Mohamed A Tammam, Atanas G Atanasov, John N A Hooper, Ali Al-Mourabit, Anake Kijjoa
Over the past seven decades, particularly since the discovery of the first marine-derived nucleosides, spongothymidine and spongouridine, from the Caribbean sponge Cryptotethya crypta in the early 1950s, marine natural products have emerged as unique, renewable and yet under-investigated pools for discovery of new drug leads with distinct structural features, and myriad interesting biological activities. Marine sponges are the most primitive and simplest multicellular animals, with approximately 8900 known described species, although more than 15,000 species are thought to exist worldwide today...
June 18, 2018: Marine Drugs
Amr Badawy, Toshimi Kaido, Yoshizawa Atsushi, Shintaro Yagi, Koichiro Hata, Naoko Kamo, Ken Fukumitsu, Hideaki Okajima, Shinji Uemoto
Evans syndrome is an uncommon disease characterized by a combination of autoimmune hemolytic anemia and autoimmune thrombocytopenia concomitantly or sequentially with a positive direct Coombs test in the absence of any underlying known cause. Here, we present a case of an adult patient who underwent living-donor liver transplant that was preceded by bone marrow transplant 20 years earlier from the same HLA identical donor and who received a single-agent immunosuppressive therapy for only 2 months as prophylaxis against graft-versus-host disease...
June 18, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Mohamed A Imam, Ahmed S Negida, Ahmed Elgebaly, Amr Samy Hussain, Lukas Ernstbrunner, Saqib Javed, Joshua Jacob, Mark Churchill, Paul Trikha, Kevin Newman, David Elliott, Arshad Khaleel
Background: There is a general consensus on the management of femoral fractures in children younger than two years and adolescents older than sixteen years. The best treatment for patients younger than sixteen years of age is still debatable. Titanium Elastic Nails (TEN), is widely used with some evidence, nonetheless, we undertook a systematic meta-analysis to assess the efficacy of TEN compared to Spica cast for the management of femoral shaft fracture in children aged between 2 to 16 years old...
May 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Aldo Tagliabue, Rino Rappuoli
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is currently the most alarming issue for human health. AMR already causes 700,000 deaths/year. It is estimated that 10 million deaths due to AMR will occur every year after 2050. This equals the number of people dying of cancer every year in present times. International institutions such as G20, World Bank, World Health Organization (WHO), UN General Assembly, European Union, and the UK and USA governments are calling for new antibiotics. To underline this emergency, a list of antibiotic-resistant "priority pathogens" has been published by WHO...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Mohd Amran Aaqillah-Amr, Ariffin Hidir, Mat Noordin Noordiyana, Mhd Ikhwanuddin
This study describes the fatty acids, total carotenoids, and cell diameter characteristics of the female ovary and hepatopancreas of the mud crab, Scylla olivacea, with comparisons at different ovarian maturation stages. Seventy-one S. olivacea individuals at all stages of ovarian maturation were sampled from the Setiu wetlands, Terengganu, Malaysia. The ovary and hepatopancreas of each crab were used for morphological studies, histological and biochemical analyses (fatty acid composition and total carotenoids)...
June 9, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
David Renault, Hesham Yousef, Amr A Mohamed
Antibiotics have been increasingly used over the past decades for human medicine, food-animal agriculture, aquaculture, and plant production. A significant part of the active molecules of antibiotics can be released into the environment, in turn affecting ecosystem functioning and biogeochemical processes. At lower organizational scales, these substances affect bacterial symbionts of insects, with negative consequences on growth and development of juveniles, and population dynamics. Yet, the multiple alterations of cellular physiology and metabolic processes have remained insufficiently explored in insects...
June 7, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Toyoki Kudo, Yutaka Saito, Hiroaki Ikematsu, Kinichi Hotta, Yoji Takeuchi, Masaaki Shimatani, Ken Kawakami, Naoto Tamai, Yuichi Mori, Yasuharu Maeda, Masayoshi Yamada, Taku Sakamoto, Takahisa Matsuda, Kenichiro Imai, Sayo Ito, Kenta Hamada, Norimasa Fukata, Takuya Inoue, Hisao Tajiri, Kenichi Yoshimura, Hideki Ishikawa, Shin-Ei Kudo
OBJECTIVES: Although colonoscopy is the criterion standard for detection of colorectal adenomas, some adenomas are missed. Full-spectrum endoscopy (FUSE) allows for observation with a 330° angle of view, which is expected to decrease the miss rate. However, no consensus has been reached regarding the superiority of FUSE over standard forward-viewing colonoscopy (SFVC) for detection of adenomas; we therefore compared new-generation FUSE and SFVC regarding colorectal adenoma miss rate (AMR) in this, the first reported randomized control trial using new-generation FUSE...
June 13, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Elisheba Malau, Rebecca Ford, Mary Valcanis, Amy V Jennison, Jenny Mosse, David Bean, Mition Yoannes, William Pomat, Paul F Horwood, Andrew R Greenhill
Shigella is a common cause of diarrhoea in Papua New Guinea (PNG) and other Oceania countries. However, little is known about the strains causing infection. Archived Shigella isolates (n = 72) were obtained from research laboratories in PNG and reference laboratories in Australia. Shigella virulence genes were detected by PCR, and antimicrobial susceptibility was determined by disk diffusion. The ipaH virulence gene was present in all 72 isolates. The prevalence of other virulence genes was variable, with ial, invE, ipaBCD, sen/ospD3 and virF present in 60% of isolates and set1A and set1B genes present in 42% of isolates...
June 12, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Aurelie Chauffour, Emmanuel Lecorche, Florence Reibel, Faiza Mougari, Laurent Raskine, Alexandra Aubry, Vincent Jarlier, Emmanuelle Cambau
OBJECTIVES: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in leprosy is mostly unknown since Mycobacterium leprae does not grow in vitro and bacteriological investigations were abandoned. However, molecular detection of resistance can be applied to multibacillary (MB) cases. METHODS: Patients living in France mainland or in French territories and diagnosed for leprosy from 2001 to 2015 were prospectively studied for AMR by detecting mutations in rpoB for rifampicin resistance, in folP1 for dapsone and in gyrA for ofloxacin...
June 12, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Sorin J Brener, Venkatesh Alapati, Doris Chan, Akanibo Da-Wariboko, Yousef Kaid, Yevgeniy Latyshev, Amr Moussa, Chockalingham A Narayanan, John P O'Laughlin, Amol Raizada, Gautam Verma, Terrence J Sacchi
BACKGROUND: Short-term outcome after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has improved dramatically, but the association between clinical or angiographic characteristics and long-term outcome remains less well described. The SYNTAX (Synergy Between PCI With TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery) II score has been designed to overcome the limitations of the purely angiographic SYNTAX I score by including clinical parameters and comorbidities. It has not been tested extensively in "real-world" PCI patients, outside of randomized clinical studies...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
Theresa Burns, Brian R Radke, Tyler Stitt, Carl Ribble
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) data generated by diagnostic animal health laboratories are underutilized for AMR reporting in Canada. Data assessment, review of practices in other jurisdictions, and expert interviews were used to develop an evidence-guided plan to generate AMR reports from British Columbia Animal Health Centre (AHC) data that would provide transparent, timely, and useful information to public health practitioners, the food animal sector, and the general public. Using the Canadian Animal Health Surveillance Network (CAHSN) platform was the most efficient method of data retrieval...
May 2018: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
Amr Badawy, Toshimi Kaido, Yuhei Hamaguchi, Takayuki Anazawa, Shintaro Yagi, Ken Fukumitsu, Naoko Kamo, Hideaki Okajima, Shinji Uemoto
BACKGROUND: To improve the outcome of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT), a scoring system that could predict accurately the patient and graft survival posttransplant is necessary. The aim of this study is to evaluate our previously proposed Muscle-model for end-stage liver disease (M-MELD) score and to compare it with the other available scores to find the best system that correlates with postoperative outcome after liver transplant. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of 199 patients who underwent LDLT from January 2010 to July 2016 and calculated the preoperative MELD, MELD Na, the product of donor age and MELD (D-MELD), M-MELD, integrated MELD, and the balance of risk (BAR) score in all patients...
January 1, 2018: Progress in Transplantation
Salem S Abu Amr, Abbas F M Alkarkhi, Tamer M Alslaibi, Mohammed Shadi S Abujazar
Although landfilling is still the most suitable method for solid waste disposal, generation of large quantity of leachate is still considered as one of the main environmental problem. Efficient treatment of leachate is required prior to final discharge. Persulfate (S2 O8 2- ) recently used for leachate oxidation, the oxidation potential of persulfate can be improved by activate and initiate sulfate radical. The current data aimed to evaluate the performance of utilizing Al2 SO4 reagent for activation of persulfate to treat landfill leachate...
August 2018: Data in Brief
Hamidi Abdul Aziz, Muhamad Haziq Abd Razak, Muhammad Zamir Abdul Rahim, Wan Izatul Saadiah Wan Kamar, Salem S Abu Amr, Sabir Hussain, John Van Leeuwen
Wastewater treatment is a key challenge in the textile industry. The current treatment methods for textile wastewater are insufficient or ineffective for complex dyes generated from the textile industry. This study evaluated the performances of two novel inorganic coagulants with high cationic charges, namely, titanium tetrachloride (TiCl4 ) and zirconium tetrachloride (ZrCl4 ). They were utilised to treat textile industry wastewater. Both coagulation processes were performed under the same experimental operational conditions...
June 2018: Data in Brief
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