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Vascular Medicine Trial

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530520/cardiovascular-disease-and-gout-real-world-experience-evaluating-patient-characteristics-treatment-patterns-and-health-care-utilization
#1
Michael H Pillinger, Sripal Bangalore, Alyssa B Klein, Scott Baumgartner, Robert Morlock
BACKGROUND: Gout, hyperuricemia, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are prevalent conditions in the United States, and while they share common risk factors such as obesity, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and type 2 diabetes mellitus, relatively little is known about what patient and disease characteristics may link CVD with hyperuricemia and gout and how the presence of both diseases affects management decisions differently than for patients with gout alone. OBJECTIVE: To identify differences in patient characteristics, patterns of urate-lowering therapy (ULT) use, and gout control in gout patients with and without cardiovascular comorbidity...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522145/wnt-signaling-a-novel-pathway-regulating-blood-pressure-state-of-the-art-review
#2
REVIEW
Maen D Abou Ziki, Arya Mani
Recent antihypertensive trials show conflicting results on blood pressure (BP) targets in patient populations with different metabolic profiles, with lowest benefit from tight BP control observed in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. This paradox could arise from the heterogeneity of study populations and underscores the importance of precision medicine initiatives towards understanding and treating hypertension. Wnt signaling pathways and genetic variations in its signaling peptides have been recently associated with metabolic syndrome, hypertension and diabetes, generating a breakthrough for advancement of precision medicine in the field of hypertension...
May 4, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494849/identification-and-classification-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-syndrome-types-among-senior-patients-with-vascular-mild-cognitive-impairment-using-latent-tree-analysis
#3
Chen Fu, Nevin Lianwen Zhang, Bao-Xin Chen, Zhou Rong Chen, Xiang Lan Jin, Rong-Juan Guo, Zhi-Gang Chen, Yun-Ling Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To treat patients with vascular mild cognitive impairment (VMCI) using traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), it is necessary to classify the patients into TCM syndrome types and to apply different treatments to different types. In this paper, we investigate how to properly carry out the classification for patients with VMCI aged 50 or above using a novel data-driven method known as latent tree analysis (LTA). METHOD: A cross-sectional survey on VMCI was carried out in several regions in Northern China between February 2008 and February 2012 which resulted in a data set that involves 803 patients and 93 symptoms...
May 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490974/the-introduction-of-biosimilars-of-low-molecular-weight-heparins-in-europe-a-critical-review-and-reappraisal-endorsed-by-the-italian-society-for-haemostasis-and-thrombosis-siset-and-the-italian-society-for-angiology-and-vascular-medicine-siapav
#4
REVIEW
Davide Imberti, Marco Marietta, Hernan Polo Friz, Claudio Cimminiello
Recently, the European Medicines Agency (EMA) authorized the introduction and marketing of Thorinane® and Inhixa®, biosimilars of the Low Molecular Weight Heparin (LMWH) enoxaparin. The authorization path is considerably different from the guidelines published by the EMA in 2009, as well as from the recommendations from the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis published in 2013. Indeed, both of them recommended that LMWHs biosimilars therapeutic equivalence should be demonstrated in at least one adequately designed clinical trial...
2017: Thrombosis Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473119/the-dapt-trial-and-peripheral-arterial%C3%A2-disease-from-a-vascular-medicine%C3%A2-perspective
#5
EDITORIAL
Hans-Henning Eckstein, Thomas Stadlbauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464780/designed-ankyrin-repeat-proteins-a-look-at-their-evolving-use-in-medicine-with-a-focus-on-the-treatment-of-chorioretinal-vascular-disorders
#6
Elizabeth Smithwick, Michael W Stewart
BACKGROUND: Antibodies constitute an important drug development platform for drugs to treat several ophthalmic, oncologic, and immunologic conditions, but due to limitations inherent in antibody production and structure, a wide range of other protein binding scaffolds are being investigated. Designed ankyrin repeat proteins (DARPins) are simple to produce and offer a range of advantages over antibodies because of their stability, high binding affinity, and rigid structure. OBJECTIVE: DARPins are being developed for a wide variety of medical applications, and the most studied molecule, abicipar pegol, is used to treat chorioretinal vascular diseases...
May 1, 2017: Anti-inflammatory & Anti-allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430547/enhancing-insights-into-pulmonary-vascular-disease-pvd-through-a-precision-medicine-approach-a-joint-nhlbi-cmref-workshop-report
#7
John H Newman, Stuart Rich, Steven H Abman, John H Alexander, John Barnard, Gerald J Beck, Raymond L Benza, Todd M Bull, Stephen Y Chan, Hyung J Chun, Declan Doogan, Jocelyn Dupuis, Serpil C Erzurum, Robert P Frantz, Mark Geraci, Hunter Gillies, Mark Gladwin, Michael P Gray, Anna R Hemnes, Roy S Herbst, Adrian F Hernandez, Nicholas S Hill, Evelyn M Horn, Kendall Hunter, Zhi-Cheng Jing, Roger Johns, Sanjay Kaul, Steven M Kawut, Tim Lahm, Jane A Leopold, Greg D Lewis, Stephen C Mathai, Vallerie V McLaughlin, Evangelos D Michelakis, Steven D Nathan, William Nichols, Grier Page, Marlene Rabinovitch, Jonathan Rich, Franz Rischard, Sharon Rounds, Sanjiv J Shah, Victor F Tapson, Naomi Lowy, Norman Stockbridge, Gail Weinmann, Lei Xiao
The Division of Lung Diseases of the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, (NHLBI) and the Cardiovascular Medical Education and Research Fund (CMREF), held a workshop to discuss to leverage of the anticipated scientific output from the recently launched "Redefining Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) through Pulmonary Vascular Disease Phenomics" (PVDOMICS) program. PVDOMICS is a protocol driven network to analyze PH patient populations to define novel pulmonary vascular disease (PVD) phenotypes. Basic, translational and clinical investigators, patient advocacy organizations, regulatory agencies, and pharmaceutical industry experts discussed the application of precision medicine to PVD clinical trials...
April 21, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428081/intraoperative-image-guidance-compared-with-free-hand-methods-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-posterior-spinal-surgery-a-systematic-review-on-screw-related-complications-and-breach-rates
#8
Andrew Chan, Eric Parent, Karl Narvacan, Cindy San, Edmond Lou
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Severe adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a three-dimensional spinal deformity requiring surgery to stop curve progression. Posterior spinal instrumentation and fusion with pedicle screws is the standard surgery for AIS curve correction. Vascular and neurologic complications related to screw malpositioning are concerns in surgeries for AIS. Breach rates are reported at 15.7%, implant-related complications at 1.1%, and neurologic deficit at 0.8%. Free-hand screw insertion remains the prevailing method of screw placement, whereas image guidance has been suggested to improve placement accuracy...
April 17, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416739/tki-rotation-induced-persistent-deep-molecular-response-in-multi-resistant-blast-crisis-of-ph-cml
#9
Peter Valent, Susanne Herndlhofer, Mathias Schneeweiß, Bernd Boidol, Anna Ringler, Stefan Kubicek, Karoline V Gleixner, Gregor Hoermann, Emir Hadzijusufovic, Leonhard Müllauer, Wolfgang R Sperr, Giulio Superti-Furga, Christine Mannhalter
In chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) resistance against one or more BCR-ABL1 tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) remains a clinical challenge. Preclinical data suggest that TKI combinations may overcome resistance. We report on a heavily pre-treated 78 year-old female patient with CML who developed multi-resistant blast crisis with bone marrow fibrosis and a Ph- clone. Treatment with ponatinib resulted in blast cell clearance, decrease in fibrosis, and disappearance of BCR-ABL1, but also in severe thrombocytopenia with bleedings requiring platelet transfusions...
April 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391673/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-vascular-therapy-the-present-and-the-future
#10
REVIEW
Philip S J Hall, Christopher Teshima, Gary R May, Jeffrey D Mosko
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) offers access to many intra-abdominal vessels that until now have only been accessible to the surgeon and interventional radiologist. In addition to assisting with diagnostics, this unique access offers the potential for therapeutic intervention for a host of indications. To date, this has had the most clinical impact in the treatment of gastroesophageal varices, with EUS-guided coil and glue application growing in use worldwide. Although randomised controlled trial data is lacking, we discuss the growing body of literature behind EUS-guided therapy in the management of varices...
March 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380080/biodegradable-poly-lactic-acid-co-glycolic-acid-scaffolds-as-carriers-for-genetically-modified-fibroblasts
#11
Tatjana Perisic, Ziyang Zhang, Peter Foehr, Ursula Hopfner, Kathrin Klutz, Rainer H Burgkart, Alexei Slobodianski, Moritz Goeldner, Hans-Günther Machens, Arndt F Schilling
Recent advances in gene delivery into cells allow improved therapeutic effects in gene therapy trials. To increase the bioavailability of applied cells, it is of great interest that transfected cells remain at the application site and systemic spread is minimized. In this study, we tested clinically used biodegradable poly(lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) scaffolds (Vicryl & Ethisorb) as transient carriers for genetically modified cells. To this aim, we used human fibroblasts and examined attachment and proliferation of untransfected cells on the scaffolds in vitro, as well as the mechanical properties of the scaffolds at four time points (1, 3, 6 and 9 days) of cultivation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265850/a-general-description-for-chinese-medicine-in-treating-premature-ovarian-failure
#12
REVIEW
Jing Lin, Xue-Lian Li, Hui Song, Qian Li, Ming-Yan Wang, Xue-Min Qiu, Da-Jin Li, Ling Wang
Premature ovarian failure (POF) is a kind of gynecological disease that causes amenorrhea, infertility, menopause and urogenital symptoms. Currently hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is the most popular choice for women with POF to get rid of menopausal syndrome. However, as the popularization of Chinese herbs made Chinese medicine (CM) shine new lights, physicians are able to treat POF with both meno-herbs and integrated therapy. HRT has its own indications and contraindications. For example, unexplained vaginal bleeding, acute liver damage, liver dysfunction, vascular embolization, and breast cancer are all contraindications of HRT, and CM is taken by more physicians as an adjuvant therapy...
February 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192087/endothelial-cell-markers-from-clinician-s-perspective
#13
REVIEW
Jelena Rakocevic, Dejan Orlic, Olivera Mitrovic-Ajtic, Miloje Tomasevic, Milan Dobric, Natasa Zlatic, Dejan Milasinovic, Goran Stankovic, Miodrag Ostojić, Milica Labudovic-Borovic
Endothelial cell markers are membrane-bound or cytoplasmic molecules expressed by endothelial cells, which help their easier identification and discrimination from other cell types. During vasculogenesis, endothelial cells differentiate from hemangioblasts to form new blood vessels. With the discovery of endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) and their ability to form new blood vessels, the term vasculogenesis is not only reserved for the embryonic development. Possibility of de novo blood vessel formation from EPC is now widely explored in different ischemic conditions, especially in cardiovascular medicine...
February 10, 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188189/vascular-invasion-and-metastasis-is-predictive-of-outcome-in-barcelona-clinic-liver-cancer-stage-c-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#14
Ali A Mokdad, Amit G Singal, Jorge A Marrero, Hao Zhu, Adam C Yopp
Background: Patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage C hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have variable long-term outcomes. Better delineation of prognosis is important for clinical trial enrollment and clinical practice in an era of precision medicine. We hypothesized that stratification of patients with BCLC stage C HCC by presence of vascular invasion and/or metastasis improves prognostic discrimination. Methods: Using a prospectively maintained database, we identified 234 patients diagnosed with BCLC stage C HCC between 2005 and 2015...
February 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174390/-surgical-regeneration-therapy-using-myoblast-sheets-for-severe-heart-failure
#15
Yoshiki Sawa
Heart failure is a life-threatening disorder worldwide, and the current end-stage therapies for severe heart failure are replacement therapies such as ventricular-assist devices and heart transplantation. Although these therapies have been reported to be useful, there are many issues in terms of the durability, complications, limited donors, adverse effect of continuous administration of immunosuppressive agents, and high costs involved. Recently, regenerative therapy based on genetic, cellular, or tissue engineering techniques has gained attention as a new therapy to overcome the challenges encountered in transplantation medicine...
January 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149031/thoughts-on-the-current-management-of-acute-aluminum-phosphide-toxicity-and-proposals-for-therapy-an-evidence-based-review
#16
REVIEW
Maryam Vasheghani Farahani, Davood Soroosh, Sayed Mahdi Marashi
The majority of aluminum phosphide (ALP) toxicity cases are suicidal attempts. Despite advances in critical care medicine, the mortality rate of ALP remains very high. Unfortunately, knowledge on the toxicokinetics of ALP is very low. An obsolete idea was proposed that inhibition of complex IV of cytochrome C oxidase is responsible for multiorgan dysfunction. However, based on human studies, this effect might be insignificant. Thus, a novel idea proposes that the main mechanism might be vascular wall integrity disruption...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078249/effects-of-urtica-dioica-supplementation-on-blood-lipids-hepatic-enzymes-and-nitric-oxide-levels-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Alidad Amiri Behzadi, Hamid Kalalian-Moghaddam, Amir Hossein Ahmadi
OBJECTIVE: Oxidative stress plays an important role in the development of diabetic complications including metabolic abnormality-induced diabetic micro-vascular and macro-vascular complications. Urtica dioica L. (U. dioica) has been traditionally used in Iranian medicine as an herbal remedy for hypoglycemic or due to its anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of hydro-alcoholic extract of U. dioica on blood lipids, hepatic enzymes and nitric oxide levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
November 2016: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067791/ligands-of-therapeutic-utility-for-the-liver-x-receptors
#18
REVIEW
Rajesh Komati, Dominick Spadoni, Shilong Zheng, Jayalakshmi Sridhar, Kevin E Riley, Guangdi Wang
Liver X receptors (LXRs) have been increasingly recognized as a potential therapeutic target to treat pathological conditions ranging from vascular and metabolic diseases, neurological degeneration, to cancers that are driven by lipid metabolism. Amidst intensifying efforts to discover ligands that act through LXRs to achieve the sought-after pharmacological outcomes, several lead compounds are already being tested in clinical trials for a variety of disease interventions. While more potent and selective LXR ligands continue to emerge from screening of small molecule libraries, rational design, and empirical medicinal chemistry approaches, challenges remain in minimizing undesirable effects of LXR activation on lipid metabolism...
January 5, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007527/applications-of-higenamine-in-pharmacology-and-medicine
#19
REVIEW
Nana Zhang, Zeqin Lian, Xueying Peng, Zijian Li, Haibo Zhu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Aconitum has been used as local and traditional medicines in many asian regions for the treatment of various diseases such as collapse, syncope, painful joints, oedema, bronchial asthma et al. Higenamine, a plant-based alkaloid, was initially isolated from Aconitum and identified as the active cardiotonic component of Aconitum. It has been tested as a candidate of pharmacologic stress agent in the detection of coronary artery diseases (CADs) and now researchers have just accomplished the phase III clinical studies successfully in China...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999408/cyclodextrins-as-emerging-therapeutic-tools-in-the-treatment-of-cholesterol-associated-vascular-and-neurodegenerative-diseases
#20
REVIEW
Caroline Coisne, Sébastien Tilloy, Eric Monflier, Daniel Wils, Laurence Fenart, Fabien Gosselet
Cardiovascular diseases, like atherosclerosis, and neurodegenerative diseases affecting the central nervous system (CNS) are closely linked to alterations of cholesterol metabolism. Therefore, innovative pharmacological approaches aiming at counteracting cholesterol imbalance display promising therapeutic potential. However, these approaches need to take into account the existence of biological barriers such as intestinal and blood-brain barriers which participate in the organ homeostasis and are major defense systems against xenobiotics...
December 20, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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