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Vascular Medicine Trial

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901609/effect-of-various-danshen-injections-on-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#1
Zehao Zhu, Yuanping Wang, Weilin Liao, Huimin Li, Dawei Wang
BACKGROUND: Patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have a certain risk of vascular complications, including coronary restenosis and thrombosis. Many recent randomized controlled trials have reported that Danshen injection (DSI) combined with conventional Western medicine can significantly reduce the occurrence of major cardiovascular adverse events in patients with CHD after PCI. However, there are many types of DSIs, and no study has yet compared each type...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896314/mental-stress-as-consequence-and-cause-of-vision-loss-the-dawn-of-psychosomatic-ophthalmology-for-preventive-and-personalized-medicine
#2
REVIEW
Bernhard A Sabel, Jiaqi Wang, Lizbeth Cárdenas-Morales, Muneeb Faiq, Christine Heim
The loss of vision after damage to the retina, optic nerve, or brain has often grave consequences in everyday life such as problems with recognizing faces, reading, or mobility. Because vision loss is considered to be irreversible and often progressive, patients experience continuous mental stress due to worries, anxiety, or fear with secondary consequences such as depression and social isolation. While prolonged mental stress is clearly a consequence of vision loss, it may also aggravate the situation. In fact, continuous stress and elevated cortisol levels negatively impact the eye and brain due to autonomous nervous system (sympathetic) imbalance and vascular dysregulation; hence stress may also be one of the major causes of visual system diseases such as glaucoma and optic neuropathy...
June 2018: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894824/multimodal-imaging-based-therapeutic-fingerprints-for-optimizing-personalized-interventions-application-to-neurodegeneration
#3
Yasser Iturria-Medina, Félix M Carbonell, Alan C Evans
Personalized Medicine (PM) seeks to assist the patients according to their specific treatment needs and potential intervention responses. However, in the neurological context, this approach is limited by crucial methodological challenges, such as the requirement for an understanding of the causal disease mechanisms and the inability to predict the brain's response to therapeutic interventions. Here, we introduce and validate the concept of the personalized Therapeutic Intervention Fingerprint (pTIF), which predicts the effectiveness of potential interventions for controlling a patient's disease evolution...
June 9, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879463/impact-of-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors-on-cardiovascular-diseases
#4
REVIEW
Weijia Xie, Xiaoxiao Song, Zhenjie Liu
Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitor is a novel group of medicine employed in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM),which improves meal stimulated insulin secretion by protecting glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) from enzymatic degradation. Cardiovascular diseases are serious complications and leading causes of mortality among individuals with diabetes mellitus. Glycemic control per se seems to fail in preventing the progression of diabetic cardiovascular complications...
June 4, 2018: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807242/what-about-%C3%AE-v-%C3%AE-3-integrins-in-molecular-imaging-in-oncology
#5
REVIEW
Frederic Debordeaux, Lucie Chansel-Debordeaux, Jean-Baptiste Pinaquy, Philippe Fernandez, Jurgen Schulz
Non-invasive investigation of integrin expression is an interesting approach in nuclear medicine department. Indeed, integrins are overexpressed in a wide array of diseases, including tumor neoangiogenesis, cardiovascular pathologies, immune dysfunction, etc. Different targets have been identified in order to be detected and quantified for angiogenesis and vascular remodeling, among them VEGF, matrix metalloproteases, and integrins (αv β3 , but also α5 ß1 and αv β6 ). Their targeting appears of great interest either for early diagnosis, aggressiveness staging of the disease or for selection of responders to new-targeted therapies...
May 4, 2018: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755228/effect-of-1-week-yoga-based-residential-program-on-cardiovascular-variables-of-hypertensive-patients-a-comparative-study
#6
Kashinath G Metri, Balaram Pradhan, Amit Singh, H R Nagendra
Introduction: Hypertension (HTN) is an important public health concern and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Yoga is a form of mind-body medicine shown to be effective in controlling blood pressure (BP) and reduces cardiac risk factors in HTN. Integrated approach of Yoga therapy (IAYT) is a residential yoga-based lifestyle intervention proven to be beneficial in several health conditions. Aim: To study the efficacy of 1 week of residential IAYT intervention on cardiovascular parameters in hypertensive patients...
May 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713501/management-of-recurrent-or-metastatic-thyroid-cancer
#7
Makoto Tahara
Recently, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have become available for the treatment of recurrent or metastatic thyroid cancer. However, a number of clinical challenges that impact the use of VEGFR-targeted TKI in daily clinical practice have arisen. Toxicity is considerable, to the extent that most physicians hesitate to start VEGFR-targeted TKI and prefer to continue a watch-and-wait approach until the patient's disease markedly worsens. This delayed use of VEGFR-targeted TKI leads to a higher incidence of serious adverse events than was reported in clinical trials...
2018: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700787/exploring-the-use-of-molecular-biomarkers-for-precision-medicine-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#8
REVIEW
Laura Lorés-Motta, Eiko K de Jong, Anneke I den Hollander
Precision medicine aims to improve patient care by adjusting medication to each patient's individual needs. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a heterogeneous eye disease in which several pathways are involved, and the risk factors driving the disease differ per patient. As a consequence, precision medicine holds promise for improved management of this disease, which is nowadays a main cause of vision loss in the elderly. In this review, we provide an overview of the studies that have evaluated the use of molecular biomarkers to predict response to treatment in AMD...
April 26, 2018: Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696521/herbal-medicine-in-ischemic-stroke-challenges-and-prospective
#9
Bhakta Prasad Gaire
Herbal medicines, mainly of plant source, are invaluable source for the discovery of new therapeutic agents for all sorts of human ailments. The complex pathogenesis of stroke and multifactorial effect of herbal medicine and their active constituents may suggest the promising future of natural medicine for stroke treatment. Anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, neuroprotective and vascular protective effect of herbal medicines are believed to be efficacious in stroke treatment. Herbs typically have fewer reported side effects than allopathic medicine, and may be safer to use over longer period of time...
April 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688552/haemodialysis-or-haemodiafiltration-that-is-the-question
#10
Francesco Locatelli, Fabio Carfagna, Lucia Del Vecchio, Vincenzo La Milia
Despite the technological and pharmacological advancements in the last 30 years, morbidity and mortality of dialysis patients are still astonishingly high. Today, convective treatments, such as high-flux haemodialysis (hf-HD) and haemodiafiltration (HDF), are established techniques; the online production of fresh pure dialysate has provided clinical and economic advantages. Nevertheless, the actual benefits of HDF, even with high-convective-volume treatments, are still debatable. Three recent, randomized controlled trials compared survival outcomes in prevalent patients receiving conventional HD or post-dilution HDF and reported conflicting results...
April 24, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661690/the-history-of-testosterone-and-the-evolution-of-its-therapeutic-potential
#11
REVIEW
Abraham Morgentaler, Abdulmaged Traish
INTRODUCTION: Testosterone therapy has been controversial since its synthesis in the 1930s to the present day. Testosterone's history provides depth and context for current controversies. AIM: To review the history of testosterone therapy from its initial synthesis in the 1930s to the modern day. METHODS: Expert review of the literature. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Impactful events in the history of testosterone. RESULTS: By the 1940s there was already a fascinating literature that described the many symptomatic benefits of testosterone therapy that are recognized today...
April 13, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656848/the-discipline-of-epidemiology-engaging-in-the-full-breadth-of-population-health-science
#12
Harold I Feldman
This address was delivered by Harold I. Feldman, MD, MSCE, at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Epidemiology in New Orleans, Louisiana, on September 26, 2017. Dr. Feldman is George S. Pepper Professor of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Professor of Epidemiology and Medicine, and Chair, Department of Biostatistics, Epidemiology, and Informatics at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. He is recognized nationally and internationally for his expertise in kidney disease epidemiology...
June 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652673/inflammation-and-coronary-artery-disease-from-pathophysiology-to-canakinumab-anti-inflammatory-thrombosis-outcomes-study-cantos
#13
Mahboob Ali, Sameh Girgis, Atif Hassan, Steven Rudick, Richard C Becker
The worldwide prevalence of cardiovascular disease in general and atherosclerotic coronary artery disease in particular is a health and economic concern of unparalleled proportion. Despite a long history of astute observations beginning in 1575 made by Fallopius, followed by those of von Rokatansky, Virchow, Osler, and Ross, and incremental knowledge of the pathobiology of atherosclerosis to include varying stages of inflammation, response to internally and externally mediated vascular injury, and impaired homeostasis, gaps in the field's understanding persist...
April 12, 2018: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597032/current-advanced-therapy-cell-based-medicinal-products-for-type-1-diabetes-treatment
#14
REVIEW
Alberto Cañibano-Hernández, Laura Sáenz Del Burgo, Albert Espona-Noguera, Jesús Ciriza, Jose Luis Pedraz
In the XXI century diabetes mellitus has become one of the main threats to human health with higher incidence in regions such as Europe and North America. Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) occurs as a consequence of the immune-mediated destruction of insulin producing β-cells located in the endocrine part of the pancreas, the islets of Langerhans. The administration of exogenous insulin through daily injections is the most prominent treatment for T1DM but its administration is frequently associated to failure in glucose metabolism control, finally leading to hyperglycemia episodes...
May 30, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534732/bedside-ultrasound-to-detect-central-venous-catheter-misplacement-and-associated-iatrogenic-complications-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Jasper M Smit, Reinder Raadsen, Michiel J Blans, Manfred Petjak, Peter M Van de Ven, Pieter R Tuinman
BACKGROUND: Insertion of a central venous catheter (CVC) is common practice in critical care medicine. Complications arising from CVC placement are mostly due to a pneumothorax or malposition. Correct position is currently confirmed by chest x-ray, while ultrasonography might be a more suitable option. We performed a meta-analysis of the available studies with the primary aim of synthesizing information regarding detection of CVC-related complications and misplacement using ultrasound (US)...
March 13, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523397/0-9-nacl-normal-saline-perhaps-not-so-normal-after-all
#16
REVIEW
Neil Blumberg, Jill M Cholette, Anthony P Pietropaoli, Richard Phipps, Sherry L Spinelli, Michael P Eaton, Suzie A Noronha, Jerard Seghatchian, Joanna M Heal, Majed A Refaai
Crystalloid infusion is widely employed in patient care for volume replacement and resuscitation. In the United States the crystalloid of choice is often normal saline. Surgeons and anesthesiologists have long preferred buffered solutions such as Ringer's Lactate and Plasma-Lyte A. Normal saline is the solution most widely employed in medical and pediatric care, as well as in hematology and transfusion medicine. However, there is growing concern that normal saline is more toxic than balanced, buffered crystalloids such as Plasma-Lyte and Lactated Ringer's...
February 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519245/molecular-mechanisms-underlying-therapeutic-potential-of-pericytes
#17
REVIEW
C Randall Harrell, Bojana Simovic Markovic, Crissy Fellabaum, Aleksandar Arsenijevic, Valentin Djonov, Vladislav Volarevic
BACKGROUND: Pericytes are multipotent cells present in every vascularized tissue in the body. Despite the fact that they are well-known for more than a century, pericytes are still representing cells with intriguing properties. This is mainly because of their heterogeneity in terms of definition, tissue distribution, origin, phenotype and multi-functional properties. The body of knowledge illustrates importance of pericytes in the regulation of homeostatic and healing processes in the body...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510423/genetic-variation-magnesium-sulfate-exposure-and-adverse-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-following-preterm-birth
#18
Erin A S Clark, Steven J Weiner, Dwight J Rouse, Brian M Mercer, Uma M Reddy, Jay D Iams, Ronald J Wapner, Yoram Sorokin, Fergal D Malone, Mary J O'Sullivan, Alan M Peaceman, Gary D V Hankins, Donald J Dudley, Steve N Caritis
OBJECTIVE:  To evaluate the association of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4 ) exposure and candidate gene polymorphisms with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes following preterm birth. STUDY DESIGN:  We performed a nested case-control analysis of a randomized trial of maternal MgSO4 before anticipated preterm birth for the prevention of cerebral palsy (CP). Cases were children who died within 1 year of life or were survivors with abnormal neurodevelopment at age 2 years...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487059/midostaurin-its-odyssey-from-discovery-to-approval-for-treating-acute-myeloid-leukemia-and-advanced-systemic-mastocytosis
#19
REVIEW
Richard M Stone, Paul W Manley, Richard A Larson, Renaud Capdeville
Midostaurin was a prototype kinase inhibitor, originally developed as a protein kinase C inhibitor and subsequently as an angiogenesis inhibitor, based on its inhibition of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor. Despite promising preclinical data, early clinical trials in multiple diseases showed only modest efficacy. In 1996, the relatively frequent occurrence of fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 ( FLT3 ) activating mutations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) was first recognized. Several years later, midostaurin was discovered to be a potent inhibitor of the FLT3 tyrosine kinase and to have activity against mutant forms of KIT proto-oncogene receptor tyrosine kinase, which drive advanced systemic mastocytosis (SM)...
February 27, 2018: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477206/level-of-clinical-evidence-presented-at-the-society-for-vascular-surgery-annual-meeting-during-a-5-year-period-2012-2016
#20
REVIEW
Faysal Naji, Arshia Pedram Javidan, Shawn Khan, Varun Srivatsav, Theodore Rapanos, John Harlock
OBJECTIVE: During the past decades, there has been an increasing emphasis on the use of high-quality evidence to inform clinical decision-making. The purpose of our study was to assess trends in the level of evidence (LOE) of abstracts presented at the Vascular Annual Meeting from 2012 to 2016. METHODS: All Vascular Annual Meeting abstracts for 2012 to 2016 were obtained through the Journal of Vascular Surgery. Two reviewers independently screened abstracts for eligibility...
March 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
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