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Vascular Surgery Clinical Trials

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807598/effectiveness-of-edema-management-techniques-for-subacute-hand-edema-a-systematic-review
#1
Leanne K Miller, Christina Jerosch-Herold, Lee Shepstone
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. INTRODUCTION: Prolonged hand edema can have detrimental effects on range of motion and function. There is no consensus on how best to manage traumatic subacute edema. This is the first systematic review which examines the clinical effectiveness of edema treatments on hand volume. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the evidence of effectiveness of treatments for sub-acute hand edema...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795108/data-for-the-oxford-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-study-international-survey-of-vascular-surgery-professionals
#2
Regent Lee, Amy Jones, Felicity Woodgate, Nicholas Killough, Kirthi Bellamkonda, Matthew Williams, Katherine Hurst, Lucy Fulford-Smith, Ismail Cassimjee, Ashok Handa
As part of the Oxford Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (OxAAA) Study, we conducted an international survey of vascular surgery professionals. One aspect of the survey is as published in the International Journal of Cardiology: "International Opinion on Priorities in Research for Small Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms and the Potential Path for Research to Impact Clinical Management". This Data-in-Brief article contains a detailed method for the conduct of this survey and additional original data. In this survey, we also provided vascular surgery colleagues with contemporary epidemiologic and surgical outcome data...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756647/mid-urethral-sling-operations-for-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-women
#3
REVIEW
Abigail A Ford, Lynne Rogerson, June D Cody, Patricia Aluko, Joseph A Ogah
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence is a very common and debilitating problem affecting about 50% of women at some point in their lives. Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a predominant cause in 30% to 80% of these women imposing significant health and economic burden on society and the women affected. Mid-urethral sling (MUS) operations are a recognised minimally invasive surgical treatment for SUI. MUS involves the passage of a small strip of tape through either the retropubic or obturator space, with entry or exit points at the lower abdomen or groin, respectively...
July 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754230/tissue-engineered-vascular-grafts-for-congenital-cardiac-disease-clinical-experience-and-current-status
#4
REVIEW
Joseph D Drews, Hideki Miyachi, Toshiharu Shinoka
Congenital heart disease is a leading cause of death in the newborn period, and man-made grafts currently used for reconstruction are associated with multiple complications. Tissue engineering can provide an alternative source of vascular tissue in congenital cardiac surgery. Clinical trials have been successful overall, but the most frequent complication is graft stenosis. Recent studies in animal models have indicated the important role of the recipient׳s immune response in neotissue formation, and that modulating the immune response can reduce the incidence of stenosis...
June 21, 2017: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750481/aqueous-shunts-for-glaucoma
#5
REVIEW
Victoria L Tseng, Anne L Coleman, Melinda Y Chang, Joseph Caprioli
BACKGROUND: Aqueous shunts are employed to control intraocular pressure (IOP) for people with primary or secondary glaucomas who fail or are not candidates for standard surgery. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of aqueous shunts for reducing IOP in glaucoma compared with standard surgery, another type of aqueous shunt, or modification to the aqueous shunt procedure. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL (which contains the Cochrane Eyes and Vision Trials Register) (2016, Issue 8), MEDLINE Ovid (1946 to August 2016), Embase...
July 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738862/impact-of-ischemic-preconditioning-on-surgical-treatment-of-brain-tumors-a-single-center-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial
#6
Arthur H A Sales, Melanie Barz, Stefanie Bette, Benedikt Wiestler, Yu-Mi Ryang, Bernhard Meyer, Martin Bretschneider, Florian Ringel, Jens Gempt
BACKGROUND: Postoperative ischemia is a frequent phenomenon in patients with brain tumors and is associated with postoperative neurological deficits and impaired overall survival. Particularly in the field of cardiac and vascular surgery, the application of a brief ischemic stimulus not only in the target organ but also in remote tissues can prevent subsequent ischemic damage. We hypothesized that remote ischemic preconditioning (rIPC) in patients with brain tumors undergoing elective surgical resection reduces the incidence of postoperative ischemic tissue damage and its consequences...
July 25, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691229/desmopressin-use-for-minimising-perioperative-blood-transfusion
#7
REVIEW
Michael J Desborough, Kathryn Oakland, Charlotte Brierley, Sean Bennett, Carolyn Doree, Marialena Trivella, Sally Hopewell, Simon J Stanworth, Lise J Estcourt
BACKGROUND: Blood transfusion is administered during many types of surgery, but its efficacy and safety are increasingly questioned. Evaluation of the efficacy of agents, such as desmopressin (DDAVP; 1-deamino-8-D-arginine-vasopressin), that may reduce perioperative blood loss is needed. OBJECTIVES: To examine the evidence for the efficacy of DDAVP in reducing perioperative blood loss and the need for red cell transfusion in people who do not have inherited bleeding disorders...
July 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682127/factors-influencing-the-choice-of-treatment-modality-for-individual-patients-with-varicose-veins
#8
B Campbell, N Chinai, P Hollering, H Wright, R McCarthy
INTRODUCTION There is evidence of effectiveness for a range of different treatment modalities for varicose veins but limited information about factors that influence treatment choice for individual patients. METHODS A postal survey was sent to 438 UK members of the Vascular Society of Great Britain and Ireland. RESULTS Overall, 251 responses were received (response rate 57%). A total of 222 respondents treated varicose veins using conventional surgery (84%), endothermal ablation (82%) and foam sclerotherapy (68%)...
July 6, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674697/cell-free-vascular-grafts-recent-developments-and-clinical-potential
#9
Sindhu Row, Ana Santandreu, Daniel D Swartz, Stelios T Andreadis
Recent advances in vascular tissue engineering have led to the development of cell-free grafts that are available off-the-shelf for on demand surgery. Challenges associated with cell-based technologies including cell sourcing, cell expansion and long-term bioreactor culture motivated the development of completely cell-free vascular grafts. These are based on decellularized arteries, decellularized cultured cell-based tissue engineered grafts or biomaterials functionalized with biological signals that promote in situ tissue regeneration...
March 2017: Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655865/transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-initial-experience-in-hong-kong
#10
M Ky Lee, S F Chui, A Kc Chan, J Lk Chan, E Cy Wong, K T Chan, H L Cheung, C S Chiang
INTRODUCTION: Aortic stenosis is one of the most common valvular heart diseases in the ageing population. Patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis are at high risk of sudden death. Surgical aortic-valve replacement is the gold standard of treatment but many patients do not receive surgery because of advanced age or co-morbidities. Recently, transcatheter aortic valve implantation has been developed as an option for these patients. This study aimed to assess efficacy and safety of this procedure in the Hong Kong Chinese population...
June 28, 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654542/percutaneous-vascular-interventions-versus-bypass-surgeries-in-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia-a-comprehensive-meta-analysis
#11
Jiarong Wang, Chi Shu, Zhoupeng Wu, Jichun Zhao, Yukui Ma, Bin Huang, Ding Yuan, Yi Yang, He Bian, Yazhou He, Ziqiang Wang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to compare percutaneous vascular interventions (PVI) versus bypass surgeries (BSX) in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). BACKGROUND: Previous relevant reviews with limited numbers of included studies did not strictly confine the inclusion criteria to CLI, also involving patients with severe claudication, which may introduce bias in the decision-making of CLI revascularization. Current treatment strategies for CLI still remain controversial...
June 26, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647631/a-prospective-randomized-multicenter-clinical-trial-on-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-a-ready-to-use-fibrin-sealant-as-an-adjunct-to-hemostasis-during-vascular-surgery
#12
Ian Chetter, Gerard Stansby, José Aurelio Sarralde, Vicente Riambau, Antonio Giménez-Gaibar, Kent MacKenzie, Francisco Acín, Jordi Navarro-Puerto
PURPOSE: Anastomotic or "stitch hole" bleeding is common during vascular surgery with synthetic material such as Dacron or polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). Hemostatic adjuncts such as fibrin sealant (FS) may reduce blood loss and operating time in such circumstances. We evaluated the safety and the hemostatic effectiveness of a ready-to-use human plasma-derived FS in vascular surgery. METHODS: Patients with mild / moderate suture line bleeding during elective, open, vascular surgery using synthetic grafts or patches were studied...
June 21, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629445/effects-of-perioperative-statin-use-on-cardiovascular-complications-in-patients-submitted-to-non-cardiac-surgery-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#13
Erica Aranha Suzumura, Rodrigo Antonini Ribeiro, Leticia Kawano-Dourado, Pedro Gabriel de Barros E Silva, Claudia Oliveira, Mabel Fernandes Figueiró, Alexandre Biasi Cavalcanti, Renato D Lopes, Otavio Berwanger
BACKGROUND: Preliminary evidence suggests statins may reduce major perioperative vascular events. However, evidence is limited to observational studies, underpowered trials, and non-comprehensive systematic reviews. This review aims to assess the effects of perioperative statin use on cardiovascular complications in patients submitted to non-cardiac surgery. METHODS: We will search MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, LILACS, CENTRAL, Web of Science, and CINAHL for randomized controlled trials assessing the effects of perioperative statin use in adults undergoing non-cardiac surgery and reporting cardiovascular complications...
June 19, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622175/predictors-prognosis-and-management-of-new-clinically-important-atrial-fibrillation-after-noncardiac-surgery-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Pablo Alonso-Coello, Deborah Cook, Shou Chun Xu, Alben Sigamani, Otavio Berwanger, Soori Sivakumaran, Homer Yang, Denis Xavier, Luz Ximena Martinez, Pedro Ibarra, Purnima Rao-Melacini, Janice Pogue, Kelly Zarnke, Pilar Paniagua, Jack Ostrander, Salim Yusuf, P J Devereaux
BACKGROUND: Despite the frequency of new clinically important atrial fibrillation (AF) after noncardiac surgery and its increased association with the risk of stroke at 30 days, there are limited data informing their prediction, association with outcomes, and management. METHODS: We used the data from the PeriOperative ISchemic Evaluation trial to determine, in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery, the association of new clinically important AF with 30-day outcomes, and to assess management of these patients...
July 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619014/prognostic-impact-of-blood-and-urinary-angiogenic-factor-levels-at-diagnosis-and-during-treatment-in-patients-with-osteosarcoma-a-prospective-study
#15
Marie-Dominique Tabone, Laurence Brugières, Sophie Piperno-Neumann, Marie-Ange Selva, Perrine Marec-Bérard, Hélène Pacquement, Cyril Lervat, Nadège Corradini, Jean-Claude Gentet, Rémy Couderc, Aurélie Chevance, Céline Mahier-Ait Oukhatar, Natacha Entz-Werle, Jean-Yves Blay, Marie-Cecile Le Deley
BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis is essential for the progression and metastatic spread of solid tumours. Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been linked to poor survival among osteosarcoma patients but the clinical relevance of monitoring blood and urine angiogenic factors is uncertain. The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic significance of blood VEGF and blood and urinary basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) levels in osteosarcoma patients, both at diagnosis and during treatment...
June 15, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616344/vascular-approaches-for-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#16
REVIEW
Isaac Pascual, Amelia Carro, Pablo Avanzas, Daniel Hernández-Vaquero, Rocío Díaz, Jose Rozado, Rebeca Lorca, María Martín, Jacobo Silva, César Morís
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a rapidly evolving therapeutic modality currently available for patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) that are unsuitable for surgery because of technical/anatomical issues or high-estimated surgical risk. Transfemoral approach is the preferred TAVI delivery route when possible. Alternative non-transfemoral access options include transaortic, trans-subclavian and transapical access. Other approaches are also feasible (transcarotid, transcaval, and antegrade aortic) but are restricted to operators and hospitals with experience...
May 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600218/systematic-review-of-patient-specific-surgical-simulation-toward-advancing-medical-education-%C3%A2
#17
Won Hyung A Ryu, Navjit Dharampal, Ahmed E Mostafa, Ehud Sharlin, Gail Kopp, William Bradley Jacobs, Robin John Hurlbert, Sonny Chan, Garnette R Sutherland
OBJECTIVE: Simulation-based education has been shown to be an effective tool to teach foundational technical skills in various surgical specialties. However, most of the current simulations are limited to generic scenarios and do not allow continuation of the learning curve beyond basic technical skills to prepare for more advanced expertise, such as patient-specific surgical planning. The objective of this study was to evaluate the current medical literature with respect to the utilization and educational value of patient-specific simulations for surgical training...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592625/current-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-treatment-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-critical-evaluation
#18
Aristotle Bamias, Bernard Escudier, Cora N Sternberg, Flora Zagouri, Athanasios Dellis, Bob Djavan, Kimon Tzannis, Loukas Kontovinis, Konstantinos Stravodimos, Athanasios Papatsoris, Dionysios Mitropoulos, Charalampos Deliveliotis, Meletios-Athanasios Dimopoulos, Constantine A Constantinides
The landscape of local and systemic therapy of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is rapidly changing. The increase in the incidental finding of small renal tumors has increased the application of nephron-sparing procedures, while ten novel agents targeting the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) or the mammalian target of rapamycin pathways, or inhibiting the interaction of the programmed death 1 receptor with its ligand, have been approved since 2006 and have dramatically improved the prognosis of metastatic RCC (mRCC)...
June 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569545/interview-with-alexander-cohen
#19
Alexander Ander Cohen
Ander Cohen speaks to Adam Price-Evans, Commissioning Editor of Future Cardiology: Alexander (Ander) Cohen MBBS (Hons), MSc, MD, FRACP is a vascular physician and epidemiologist at Guy's and St Thomas' Hospital, King's College (London, UK). He graduated with honors in medicine and honors in surgery from the University of Melbourne, Australia, and became a fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians in 1990. He was awarded an MSc in Epidemiology from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London in 1991 with a thesis on the metabolic syndrome in South-Asian populations...
June 1, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565894/contemporary-strategies-to-improve-the-outcome-in-locally-advanced-pancreatic-cancer
#20
Rick Schneider, Christoph Späth, Ulrich Nitsche, Mert Erkan, Jörg Kleeff
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a devastating disease with an overall 5-year survival rate of less than 7%. After many years of basic and clinical research efforts, pancreatic cancer patients presenting with locally advanced, unresectable tumors remain a therapeutic challenge. Despite the lack of high quality randomized controlled trials, perioperative/neoadjuvant treatment strategies seem to be beneficial in these patients. At present the FOLFIRINOX regimen, which was established in the palliative setting, is increasingly recognized as the backbone of neoadjuvant therapy for locally advanced PDAC...
October 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
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